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Verbakel N J NJ Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The - - 2014
A positive patient safety culture is considered a main condition for patient safety. Several initiatives have been taken with the intention to improve this culture in healthcare. Because these were mainly implemented in hospitalized care settings not much is known about ameliorating patient safety culture in general practice. Therefore, we ...
Coetzee Hendri - - 2014
This article explores cultural beliefs and practices related to the Southern Ground-Hornbill (SGH) (Bucorvus leadbeateri) in nine southern and east-African countries. A qualitative, thematic content-analysis approach was followed. Ninety-eight participants took part in the study. Interviews and group discussions were used as the main data gathering methods. Each interview was ...
Lang Claudia C - - 2014
Thangals are an endogamous community in Kerala, India, of Yemeni heritage who claim direct descent from the Prophet Muhammad's family. Due to their sacrosanct status, many thangals work as religious healers and thus are part of the informal mental health care system in Northern Kerala. Using the case of one ...
Clemens Norman A NA Norman A. Clemens, MD, is Emeritus Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and a Training and Supervising Analyst at the Cleveland Psychoanalytic - - 2014
Drawing on the imagery of a Mayan idol hidden beneath the altar of a Catholic mission church imposed on a Mayan city by Spanish conquerors, the author discusses the role of deeply rooted core beliefs that are not always evident on the surface-and the observation that, in clinical practice, things ...
Mącznik Aleksandra K AK Centre for Health, Activity, and Rehabilitation Research, School of Physiotherapy, University of Otago, 325 Great King Street, PO BOX 56, Dunedin 9054, New - - 2014
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is becoming increasingly accepted in modern western society, including amongst amateur and professional athletes, however, it has not yet been determined how CAM is reflected in scientific publications in sports and exercise medicine (SEM). The aim of this study was to identify trends in the ...
Blainey Marc G MG Department for the Study of Religion, University of Toronto, University College, 5 King's College Circle, Toronto, ON, M5S 3H7, Canada, - - 2014
Santo Daime, a Brazilian religion organized around a potent psychoactive beverage called ayahuasca, is now being practiced across Europe and North America. Deeming ayahuasca a dangerous "hallucinogen," most Western governments prosecute people who participate in Santo Daime. On the contrary, members of Santo Daime (called "daimistas") consider ayahuasca a medicinal ...
Aldrich Alison M AM a Health Sciences Library, The Ohio State University , Columbus , Ohio , - - 2014
The concept of clinical informationists is not new, but has recently been gaining more widespread acceptance across the United States. This article describes the lessons and challenges learned from starting a new clinical informationist service targeted to internal medicine residents in a large academic medical center. Lessons included the need ...
Bleakley A - - 2013
We use Homer and Sun Tzu as a background to better understand and reformulate confrontation, anger and violence in medicine, contrasting an unproductive 'love of war' with a productive 'art of war' or 'art of strategy'. At first glance, it is a paradox that the healing art is not pacific, ...
Cosgrove Lisa - - 2013
The possibility that industry is exerting an undue influence on the culture of medicine has profound implications for the profession's public health mission. Policy analysts, investigative journalists, researchers, and clinicians have questioned whether academic-industry relationships have had a corrupting effect on evidence-based medicine. Psychiatry has been at the heart of ...
Jiang Sandy - - 2013
Ethnobotanical studies on the use of plants amongst migrant populations are of great relevance to public health. Traditional health strategies, which incorporate plants as medicines, foods, or both -- can play an important role in individual well-being. However, at the same time, migrant populations' traditional knowledge of such practices may ...
Valantine Hannah - - 2013
Central to the daily struggles that successful working women face is the misalignment of the current work culture and the values of the workforce. In addition to contributing to work-life integration conflicts, this disconnect perpetuates the gender leadership gap. The dearth of women at the highest ranks of academic medicine ...
McCarter Joe - - 2013
Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) is a critical global resource that may be eroding amid social and environmental change. Here, we present data on local perceptions of TEK change from three communities on Malekula Island in Vanuatu. Utilizing a structured interview (n = 120), we find a common perception of TEK loss. Participants ...
Mao Jialing - - 2013
Though the analysis on the characteristics of Xiang thinking and the cultural background of its formation, it is believed that Xiang thinking is not only an art of logic and thinking with the natural holistic view but also represents the most important cognitive patterns concerning knowledge system of Traditional Chinese ...
Komesaroff Paul A PA Centre for Ethics in Medicine and Society, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2013
To understand the traditional description of medicine as a practice of healing, it is necessary to examine its relationships with both science and ethics. The "scientific" component of medicine includes an acknowledgment of the influence of social, cultural and environmental factors on the functioning of the organism. The "ethical" component ...
Dell'Oro Roberto - - 2013
The history of bioethics rests upon the assumption that, given the growing complexity of medicine, the function of ethics is, first of all, normative: ethics is supposed to help in the solution of concrete problems, and to do so systematically, by relying upon a defined set of principles and rules. ...
Rohde Christine - - 2013
Scientists researching and exchanging microorganisms have a responsibility to prevent misuse of the inherently dangerous ones. They need to be aware of the existing regulations and potential malicious use due to characters like pathogenicity or toxin production. Institutions working with biological resources, particularly culture collections and Biological Resource Centres (BRCs) ...
Bifulco Maurizio - - 2013
Abstract Trotula de' Ruggiero was the first female physician in history of medicine and her role at Medical School of Salerno. Her reputation in the Middle Ages was so important that her theoretical manuscripts were diffused in all European universities and laid the foundations for modern medicine. Of note, Trotula ...
Dowd Karen - - 2013
This study was conducted to determine the perceptions of zoonotic disease risk among Australian veterinarians, the infection control practices they use to protect themselves from zoonotic diseases, and the factors influencing their use of these protective practices. A questionnaire was designed and piloted prior to its administration to veterinarians at ...
Amin Bellinger Goli - - 2013
Being uprooted, displaced, and resettled can produce great tension in refugee marriages. This paper details a technique to help refugees recognize and manage changes and threats to traditional gender roles after resettlement to western countries. A case study from a multisite psycho-educational marriage project illustrates the application of the Relationship ...
Charani E E The National Centre for Infection Prevention and Management, Imperial College London, 2nd Floor, Hammersmith House, Du Cane Road, London W12 OHS, UK. - - 2013
There is limited knowledge of the key determinants of antimicrobial prescribing behavior (APB) in hospitals. An understanding of these determinants is required for the successful design, adoption, and implementation of quality improvement interventions in antimicrobial stewardship programs. Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted with doctors (n = 10), pharmacists (n = ...
Hood Leroy - - 2013
Studying complex biological systems in a holistic rather than a "one gene or one protein" at a time approach requires the concerted effort of scientists from a wide variety of disciplines. The Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) has seamlessly integrated these disparate fields to create a cross-disciplinary platform and culture ...
Mechanick Jeffrey Ian - - 2013
Nutritional medicine presents significant educational and clinical challenges worldwide. Major issues include physician shortages as a result of inadequate training, increasing prevalence of metabolic diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, and atherosclerosis, incorporation of molecular medicine into our understanding of nutrition, and lastly, an emergent transcultural variable that affecting implementation strategies. ...
Ferreira Arthur de Sá Ade - - 2013
Chinese and contemporary Western medical practices evolved on different cultures and historical contexts and, therefore, their medical knowledge represents this cultural divergence. Computerization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is being used to promote the integrative medicine to manage, process and integrate the knowledge related to TCM anatomy, physiology, semiology, pathophysiology, ...
Morabia Alfredo - - 2013
Between 1600 and 1700, sudden, profound, and multifarious changes occurred in philosophy, science, medicine, politics, and society. In an extremely convulsed century, these profound and convergent upheavals produced the equivalent of a cultural big bang, which opened a new domain of knowledge acquisition based on population thinking and group comparisons. ...
Ahmed Maria - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Performance feedback or debriefing in surgery is increasingly recognized as an essential means to optimize learning in the operating room (OR). However, there is a lack of evidence regarding the current practice and barriers to debriefing in the OR. METHODS: Phase 1 consisted of semistructured interviews with surgical trainers ...
Rodrigues Eliana - - 2013
Typically, ethnobotanical/ethnopharmacological (EB/EP) surveys are used to describe uses, doses/dosages, sources and methods of preparation of traditional herbal medicines; their application to date in examining the adverse effects, contraindications and other safety aspects of these preparations is limited. From a pharmacovigilance perspective, numerous challenges exist in applying its existing methods ...
Best Allan - - 2013
The challenge of culture change in hospitals must address three distinct but interwoven tensions: the need to shift paradigm and understand healthcare as a complex adaptive system; the challenge of knitting together the contributions of both evidence-based medicine and practice-based evidence; and the critical role of distributed, problem-focused leadership.The authors ...
Mittring Nadine - - 2013
The offer of "integrative oncology" is one option for clinics to provide safe and evidence-based complementary medicine treatments to cancer patients. As known from merger theories, corporate culture and integration models have a strong influence on the success of such integration. To identify relevant corporate culture aspects that might influence ...
Avasthi Ajit - - 2013
Most of the psychiatry practice in India is guided by the western concepts of mental health and illness, which have largely ignored the role of religion, family, eastern philosophy, and medicine in understanding and managing the psychiatric disorders. India comprises of diverse cultures, languages, ethnicities, and religious affiliations. However, besides ...
Leonti Marco - - 2013
The ethnopharmacological approach toward the understanding and appraisal of traditional and herbal medicines is characterized by the inclusions of the social as well as the natural sciences. Anthropological field-observations describing the local use of nature-derived medicines are the basis for ethnopharmacological enquiries. The multidisciplinary scientific validation of indigenous drugs is ...
El Enshasy Hesham H Institute of Bioproduct Development (IBD), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, 81130, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia ; City of Scientific Research and Technology Application, New Burg Al Arab, Alexandrai 21934, - - 2013
The ethnopharmaceutical approach is important for the discovery and development of natural product research and requires a deep understanding not only of biometabolites discovery and profiling but also of cultural and social science. For millennia, epigeous macrofungi (mushrooms) and hypogeous macrofungi (truffles) were considered as precious food in many cultures ...
Morabia Alfredo - - 2012
Between 1600 and 1700, sudden, profound, and multifarious changes occurred in philosophy, science, medicine, politics, and society. In an extremely convulsed century, these profound and convergent upheavals produced the equivalent of a cultural big bang, which opened a new domain of knowledge acquisition based on population thinking and group comparisons. ...
Dutta Varsha - - 2012
Death is our most repressed consciousness, it inheres our condition as the primordial fear. Perhaps it was necessary that this angst be repressed in man or he would be hurled against the dark forces of nature. Modern ethos was built on this edifice, where the 'denial of death' while 'embracing ...
Henderson Michael T - - 2012
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a rare neoplasm exhibiting a propensity for aggressive clinical behavior. This review seeks to provide the practicing dermatologist with a contemporary understanding of MFH in order to guide management decisions. An extensive review of the literature was conducted using PubMed and OVID databases, searching for ...
Sharma Hari S - - 2012
In the history of Ayurveda, Sushruta stands before Caraka. He practically applied Vaidika culture for treatment. His treatise translated into nine foreign languages apart from various Indian languages like Hindi, Bengali, Malayalam, etc., Sushruta is the most celebrated physician and surgeon in India. Though he practiced during the 5th century ...
Orimoto Trina E - - 2012
The Monthly Treatment and Progress Summary (MTPS) was developed to assess treatment techniques applied in clinical practice. This study examined the factor structure of the reported therapeutic practice elements on the MTPS and explored patterns in technique use based on client and therapist characteristics in a community mental health setting. ...
Liu Yong - - 2012
Knowledge of awareness, behavior and barriers to putting carbon management in place is particularly useful for policy-makers in providing favorable conditions in support of firms' climate change adaptation measures. According to unique data from in-depth interviews with firms from the most fossil fuel-intensive industries in Fujian, China, the present study ...
Hanaway Patrick P Patrick Hanaway, MD, is the cofounder of Family to Family, Asheville, North Carolina; the chief medical officer of Genova Diagnostics, Asheville; and past president of the American Board of Integrative Holistic - - 2012
The globalization of healing systems is a dance of cultural awareness and cultural dominance that has arisen throughout history. With the development of greater communication and interest in whole-systems approaches to healing, the opportunity for the development of a global perspective on healing has emerged with new life force. The ...
Atalic Bruno - - 2012
This paper evaluates the differences between English and Croatian views of early modern medicine through the respective Renaissance plays. As Renaissance made no particular distinction between arts and sciences, plays of that time provide a very common source of medical narrative. During Renaissance both languages produced high literary achievements, which ...
Boateng Alice - - 2012
Cultural traditions at the end of life solidify societal members. As the world becomes more globalized, socio-economic factors affect how traditional practices are expressed, and the role and toll they make on modern societies. This article examines the contemporary Akan funeral practices in Ghana. Akan lineage members, from birth through ...
Healy Kieran - - 2012
In this Essay, we examine a case in which the organizational and logistical demands of a novel form of organ exchange (the nonsimultaneous, extended, altruistic donor (NEAD) chain) do not map cleanly onto standard cultural schemas for either market or gift exchange, resulting in sociological ambiguity and legal uncertainty. In ...
Rahmatullah Mohammed - - 2012
The Kanda tribe is one of the lesser known small tribes of Bangladesh with an estimated population of about 1700 people (according to them), and on the verge of extinction as a separate entity. To some extent, they have assimilated with the surrounding mainstream Bengali-speaking population, but they still maintain ...
Kloen Peter - - 2011
Forearm nonunions are uncommon but severely disabling and challenging to treat. Multiple factors have been associated with the establishment of forearm nonunions such as fracture location and complexity, patient characteristics and surgical technique. Treatment of diaphyseal forearm nonunions differs from that of other type of diaphyseal nonunions because of the ...
Coleman Kristine - - 2012
Effective behavioral management plans are tailored to unique behavioral patterns of each individual species. However, even within a species behavioral needs of individuals can vary. Factors such as age, sex, and temperament can affect behavioral needs of individuals. While some of these factors, such as age and sex, are taken ...
Clement R G E - - 2011
Bionic prosthetic hands are rapidly evolving. An in-depth knowledge of this field of medicine is currently only required by a small number of individuals working in highly specialist units. However, with improving technology it is likely that the demand for and application of bionic hands will continue to increase and ...
Mariscal Ana - - 2011
One of the particular characteristics of Parkinson's disease (PD) is the wide clinical variation as regards the treatment that can be found in the same patient. This occurs with specific treatment for PD, as well as with other drug groups that can make motor function worse. For this reason, the ...
Mariscal Ana - - 2011
One of the particular characteristics of Parkinson's disease (PD) is the wide clinical variation as regards the treatment that can be found in the same patient. This occurs with specific treatment for PD, as well as with other drug groups that can make motor function worse. For this reason, the ...
Roberti di Sarsina Paolo - - 2011
Over the last few years the scientific debate on Non Conventional Medicines and their integration with the academic or dominant medicine in our western society has activated a cultural transformation process. This article discusses the main reasons of the need for an integration between the supposed only scientific, mainstream medicine ...
Walkup Margaret H - - 2011
The management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis has been a topic of considerable debate. In this article, we aim to critically review the recent literature as it pertains to surgical management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis. We will explore the most recent trials looking at advancements in best medical therapy, as well ...
Edson Craig J - - 2010
Diagnosis and management of posterior cruciate ligament injuries has evolved, and now the treatment often includes surgical intervention. The purpose of this paper is to define the current approach to postsurgical management after the posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, review conservative management, and discuss surgical outcomes using a specified program.
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