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Kelly Carol C Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Health and Social Care, Edge Hill University, St Helens Rd, Ormskirk, Lancashire L39 4QP, UK - - 2014
This analysis examines the roots of clinical practice regarding oxygen therapy and finds that some aspects have changed very little over the past 200 years. Oxygen is commonly prescribed and administered as a therapy across all healthcare settings, particularly for the treatment and management of respiratory conditions, both acute and ...
Freeman Julia Fuzak JF Children's Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, USA - - 2014
Objective. Home O2 has been shown to reduce hospitalizations for bronchiolitis but data on outpatient management of home O2 are lacking. We aim to describe outpatient management and challenges to home O2 for bronchiolitis. Methods. We surveyed Colorado and Utah (where home O2 use is prevalent) chapter members of the ...
East Christine E CE School of Nursing and Midwifery, Monash University, Clayton Campus, Wellington Road, Clayton, Victoria, Australia; Monash Women׳s Maternity Services, Monash Health, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
to identify the perceptions of midwives and doctors at Monash Women׳s regarding their educational preparation and practices used for perineal management during the second stage of labour. anonymous cross-sectional semi-structured questionnaire ('The survey'). the three maternity hospitals that form Monash Women׳s Maternity Services, Monash Health, Victoria, Australia. midwives and doctors ...
Yavari Maryam M Department of Traditional Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Oligomenorrhea, a prevalent disease with serious complications, has been declared in the Avicenna traditional medicine in detail. Avicenna in his famous book, Cannon of Medicine, presents a syndrome termed 'uterine strangulation', as a complication of menstrual bleeding cessation and lack of sexual satisfaction. We have explained this syndrome from both ...
Hämeen-Anttila Katri K Assessment of Pharmacotherapies, Finnish Medicines Agency, P.O. Box 55, 00034 FIMEA, Kuopio, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Women frequently experience health problems and use medicines during pregnancy, and thus need information about their medicines. Knowledge about factors associated with medicine information needs is important for pharmacists when tailoring medication counseling for these pregnant women. The aim was to investigate how socioeconomic factors, health literacy, health status, and ...
Thigpen Lauren K LK University of North Alabama, Dept. of Health, Physical Education, and - - 2014
Hydration affects multiple aspects of basketball performance, but few investigations have examined the hydration profiles of collegiate basketball players. We examined multi-day pre-practice hydration status of 11 male and 11 female NCAA Division II basketball players, sweat losses, fluid intake, and how accurately players estimated their sweat losses. Urine specific ...
Ahmed Zulfiqar Z Anesthesia Associates of Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, - - 2014
Shirley Graves M.D., D.Sc. (honorary) (1936), Professor Emeritus of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics at the University of Florida, was one of the most influential women in medicine in the 1960 and 1970s, a time when the medical profession was overwhelmingly male-dominated. In today's society, it is hard to believe that only ...
Kennett Alexandra A Department of Sexual Medicine and HIV, University Hospital of South Manchester, Withington Community Hospital, Manchester, - - 2014
Advancements in the diagnosis and treatment of testicular cancer now give a five-year survival rate of 97.2%. Delayed presentation remains the primary cause of poor outcome and recommendations have stressed that men, particularly those with risk factors, should undertake regular testicular self-examination. This study aimed to determine testicular self-examination knowledge ...
Kaadaaga Henry Francisco - - 2014
Infertility is a public health problem associated with devastating psychosocial consequences. In countries where infertility care is difficult to access, women turn to herbal medicines to achieve parenthood. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with herbal medicine use by women attending the infertility ...
Maisonneuve Jenny J JJ Nuffield Department of Population Health, Oxford University, Rosemary Rue Building, Old Road Campus, Oxford OX3 7LF, - - 2014
numbers of elderly people are increasing worldwide. This increases the importance of the specialty of geriatric medicine. Recruitment to the specialty may not be keeping pace with need. to report trends in junior doctors' career choices for geriatric medicine, factors that influence career choice, and associations between early career choices ...
Davis Owen K OK Weill Medical College of Cornell University, Center of Reproductive Medicine and Infertility, 1305 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10021, USA, - - 2014
One of the most vexing challenges in the practice of reproductive medicine is the management of the "poor responder," specifically the patient manifesting an inadequate follicular response to ovarian stimulation. Poor response predicts a reduction in the number of mature oocytes retrieved, with the consequences of fewer embryos available for ...
Skinner Patricia - - 2014
Time magazine's cover photograph in August 2010 of a noseless Afghan woman beside the emotive strap line, "What happens if we leave Afghanistan," fuelled debate about the "medieval" practices of the Taliban, whose local commander had instructed her husband to take her nose and ears. Press reports attributed the violence ...
Rosenberg M B MB Professor of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Head, Division of Anesthesia and Pain Control, and Associate Professor of Anesthesia, Tufts University Schools of Dental Medicine and Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
Abstract Offices and outpatient dental facilities must be properly equipped with devices for airway management, oxygenation, and ventilation. Part 1 in this series on emergency airway management focused on basic and fundamental considerations for supplying supplemental oxygen to the spontaneously breathing patient and utilizing a bag-valve-mask system including nasopharyngeal and ...
Corbelli Jennifer J 1 Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh, - - 2013
Abstract Background: In 2009, the American Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) guidelines for cervical cancer screening changed significantly, to recommend less frequent screening than prior guidelines. The extent to which physicians in different specialties implemented these guidelines in the years following publication is unknown. Methods: Cross-sectional survey completed by ...
Hahn Sur Ah SA Department of Social Work, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC, - - 2013
Best practices in advocating for economic empowerment of impoverished intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors require the comprehensive and holistic organization of program and service delivery systems. This article outlines the best practices literature that addresses IPV in the lives of impoverished women, as well as the literature that specifically examines ...
Sim Tin Fei - - 2013
Main concerns for lactating women about medications include the safety of their breastfed infants and the potential effects of medication on quantity and quality of breast milk. While medicine treatments include conventional and complementary medicines, most studies to date have focused on evaluating the safety aspect of conventional medicines. Despite ...
Ismail S I M F - - 2013
Antenatal perineal massage is recommended to reduce perineal trauma at the time of delivery. The practice has been shown to be acceptable to pregnant women taking part in research studies. The aim of this study was to establish its acceptability to pregnant women in day-to-day clinical practice, as well as ...
Gauthier S - - 2013
Several directors of institutes of forensic and legal medicine in German-speaking areas have noticed a lack of young doctors with specialty qualifications (full board certification) in forensic medicine during recent years. The pilot study was intended to brainstorm the possible reasons for this shortage, by carrying out a survey of ...
Broom Alex - - 2013
Complementary and alternative medicine is increasingly popular in Australia and particularly among women. While existing research provides some understanding of women's engagement with complementary and alternative medicine and biomedicine, there has been comparatively little examination of the day-to-day character of their experiences. In this study, we utilise solicited diaries with ...
Vera Cruz Germano - - 2013
Puxa-puxa is the elongation of the labia minora of the genital organs. It is one of the most widespread genital practices among women in Mozambique, and the practice seems to be specific to this country. The motives underlying this practice and its abandonment were examined in a theory-driven way. A ...
Sonnex C - - 2014
Between 15 and 30 years ago, the management of women with abnormal cervical cytology fell within the remit of GU Medicine. This involved performing colposcopy. With the introduction of certification for colposcopists in 1998, most GU Medicine clinicians stopped providing a colposcopy service. As certification is not required for using ...
Lundberg Pranee C - - 2013
To report of a qualitative study of how religion affects the self-management of Thai Buddhist and Muslim women with type 2 diabetes. The importance of diabetes self-management is well recognised. However, research on such self-management in Thailand is scarce, in particular on the influence of religion on the self-management of ...
Amir Lisa H - - 2013
Women often need to take medicines while breastfeeding and pharmacists need to provide accurate information in order to avoid undue caution about the compatibility of medicines and breastfeeding. The objective of this study was to review information provided about breastfeeding in commonly used pharmacology textbooks. We asked 15 Australian universities ...
Hall Helen G - - 2013
The use of complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy is common. However, many modalities have not been well researched and safety concerns have been raised. This article describes a grounded theory study which explored how midwives interact with women regarding use of these therapies. Participants were recruited from metropolitan hospitals ...
Borges Nicole J - - 2013
Concerns about recruiting physicians into academic careers is an international issue. A qualitative study with United States (US) women physicians revealed insights into how, when, and why physicians choose an academic career in medicine. The current study explored international women physicians' perspectives on their career choice of academic medicine and ...
Kirchengast Sylvia - - 2013
Evolutionary medicine, which was formalized in the early 1990ties, investigates evolutionary causes of recent human disease, disorders and malfunctions but also the influence of changing living conditions and modernization on health and disease. Evolutionary medicine can also provide insights into endocrinological disorders and in particular in the process of female ...
Meghen K - - 2013
Although females represent a high proportion of medical graduates, women are under represented at consultant level in many hospital specialties. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were undertaken which established female representation at all levels of the medical workforce in Ireland in 2011 and documented the personal experiences of a sample of ...
Hall Helen G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine during pregnancy has become increasingly popular over the past decade in Australia. AIM: The purpose of this discussion paper to make recommendations and foster a constructive debate regarding the appropriate response by the midwifery profession. DISCUSSION: Midwives should receive basic education regarding ...
Sibbritt David - - 2013
This study aimed to examine the factors associated with Chinese medicine use amongst a sample of 10,287 Australian women aged 56-61 years. Data was obtained from a cross-sectional postal questionnaire conducted in 2007, this being the fifth survey of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. This representative sample of ...
Kim Sooi Law - - 2013
This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study among Malay women admitted in the antenatal and postnatal ward to determine the prevalence and use of herbal medicines during pregnancy and elemental analysis in the most popular herbs. A total of 460 women were surveyed. Herbal medicine use during pregnancy was 34.3%, while ...
Phillips Susan P SP Departments of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Queen's University, 220 Bagot St,, K7L 5E9, Kingston, Canada. - - 2013
Throughout the developed world the proportion of women in professions such as medicine is increasing. This commentary uses Haklai et al's nuanced report on the feminization of medicine in Israel as a starting point. I discuss whether gender shifts are an outcome of more egalitarian attitudes towards women overall, or ...
- - 2012
The following article is retracted because it was brought to our attention that it was heavily plagiarized from an earlier article published in the Asian Journal of Surgery (Chow et al. Asian J Surg. 2005 Jul;28(3):179-84. PMID: 16024311). Attempts to contact the corresponding author for an explanation were unsuccessful. The ...
Suroowan Shanoo - - 2013
To assess CAM usage among women in Mauritius. Cross-sectional survey with a nationally-representative sample (n = 384). Quantitative indices included informant-consensus factor, use-value, fidelity-value and use-mentions were calculated. Thirteen therapies were identified and currently are used to treat or manage 26 ailments. These were phytotherapy (30%); yoga (13%); deep-breathing (12%); massage therapy ...
McIntosh Tania - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This paper explores perceptions of time and experience in midwifery with particular reference to the concept of early labour. Health professionals and lay people are used to describing labour in terms of 'stages' which correspond to agreed notions of progress based on physiological features. However the understanding of labour ...
Alexander Jeffrey A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of public reporting (PR) and financial incentives tied to quality performance on the use of care management practices (CMPs) among small- and medium-sized physician groups. DATA: Survey data from The National Study of Small and Medium-sized Physician Practices were used. Primary data collection was also ...
Hinton Cynthia F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To implement a 6-month quality improvement project in 15 primary care pediatric practices to improve short-term newborn screening (NBS) follow-up.METHODS:At the start of the project, each practice completed a survey to evaluate office systems related to NBS and completed a chart audit. Practice teams were provided information about NBS and ...
Bruggmoser Gregor - - 2012
The hyperthermia effect is based on its thermal influence on tumours. Therefore a controlled heating of the tumours must be achieved. In order to guarantee this, two points must be fulfilled at least: First, the hyperthermia equipment must have the necessary power and steering capability. Second, the distribution of the ...
Knai Cécile - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The use of evidence-based clinical guidelines is an essential component of chronic disease management. However, there is well-documented concern about variability in the quality of clinical guidelines, with evidence of persisting methodological shortcomings. The most widely accepted approach to assessing the quality of guidelines is the Appraisal of Guidelines ...
O'Donnell Kevin - - 2012
This paper presents a practical way in which current approaches to quality risk management (QRM) may be improved, such that they better support qualification, validation programs, and change control proposals at manufacturing sites. The paper is focused on the treatment of good manufacturing practice (GMP) controls during QRM exercises. It ...
West David R - - 2012
Purpose: Information about the costs and experiences of collecting and reporting quality measure data are vital for practices deciding whether to adopt new quality improvement initiatives or monitor existing initiatives. Six primary care practices from Colorado's Improving Performance in Practice program participated. We conducted structured key informant interviews with Improving ...
Fitzgibbons Peter G - - 2012
Due in part to an emphasis on quality and cost control within healthcare institutions, protocols for healthcare practice are increasingly being developed in an effort to maintain normative guidelines and set acceptable standards. For example, the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses, the National Quality Forum, and the Association of Surgical ...
Ahn Hyeong Sik - - 2012
Documentation of unexplained geographic variations in medical practices and use of inappropriate interventions has led to the proliferation of clinical practice guidelines. With increased enthusiasm for guidelines, evidence exists that clinical practice guidelines often influence clinical practices or health outcomes. Their successful implementation may improve the quality of care by ...
Wadhwa V - - 2012
This review attempts to clarify the concepts of Laboratory Quality Management System (Lab QMS) for a medical testing and diagnostic laboratory in a holistic way and hopes to expand the horizon beyond quality control (QC) and quality assurance. It provides an insight on accreditation bodies and highlights a glimpse of ...
Gunn-Christie Rebekah G - - 2012
In December 2009, the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) Quality Assurance and Laboratory Standards committee published the updated and peer-reviewed ASVCP Quality Assurance Guidelines on the Society's website. These guidelines are intended for use by veterinary diagnostic laboratories and veterinary research laboratories that are not covered by the ...
Allen Timothy Craig - - 2012
In this time of significant change in pathology and medicine, pathology's future is uncertain. Many issues, including the emergence of molecular medicine, the demand for personalized medicine, confusing payment schemes, increasing governmental regulation, medical education challenges, administrative relationships, and new malpractice concerns, are critical topics pathologists are addressing and must ...
Metaxa Victoria - - 2012
ABSTRACT: During the past 50 years, the participation of women in medicine has increased dramatically. However, this encouraging influx has not been accompanied by equality for male and female faculty in terms of rank attainment, leadership roles and salaries. There is considerable evidence that women are still under-represented in the ...
Johnstone Craig - - 2012
Medicinal chemistry makes a vital contribution to small molecule drug discovery, and the quality of it contributes directly to research effectiveness as well as to downstream costs, speed and survival in development. In recent years, the discipline of medicinal chemistry has evolved and witnessed many noteworthy contributions that propose and ...
Dow Kimberly - - 2012
Ontario's clinical practice guidelines for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) provide evidence-informed recommendations that address the needs of substance using pregnant women and newborns at risk of NAS. NAS is a complex and multifaceted issue that is escalating along with rapidly rising opioid use in Ontario. Reducing the incidence and impact ...
Mureyi Dudzai D - - 2012
Prenatal use of traditional medicine or complementary and alternative medicine is widespread globally despite the lack of evidence of the effectiveness of these therapeutic options. Documentation on the prevalence and patterns of this maternal practice in the Zimbabwean setting was also lacking. A cross sectional survey of 248 women at ...
Pribluda Victor S - - 2012
Ensuring the quality of malaria medicines is crucial in working toward malaria control and eventual elimination. Unlike other validated tests that can assess all critical quality attributes, which is the standard for determining the quality of medicines, basic tests are significantly less expensive, faster, and require less skilled labour; yet, ...
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