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Petersen Brenda B Brenda Petersen is an assistant director of nursing at Caldwell University, Caldwell, - - 2014
: Constipation may be functional, anatomic, neurologic, obstructive, endocrine, metabolic, or medicinal. This article will review the common presentation of functional constipation, diagnostic criteria, treatment, and management guidelines in pediatric primary care. Implications for nurse practitioners and directions for future research will be discussed.
Rideout Douglas B DB WESTFIRE Research Center, Department of Forest and Rangeland Stewardship, Colorado State University, 80523, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assessing the value of fire planning alternatives is challenging because fire affects a wide array of ecosystem, market, and social values. Wildland fire management is increasingly used to address forest restoration while pragmatic approaches to assessing the value of fire management have yet to be developed. Earlier approaches to assessing ...
Bennett Alyssa R AR Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
This article reviews the current understanding and management of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in adolescents. The readers will learn a practical approach to the evaluation and treatment of mild-to-severe uterine bleeding. In 2011, a new classification system was proposed to standardize the terminology used to describe AUB. This system is ...
Bumpous Jeffrey J Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, - - 2014
Cases are presented in light of the current diagnostic and therapeutic trends in management of thyroid nodules and well-differentiated cancers. Demographic, historical, and population-based risk factors are used to risk stratify cases. Ultrasonographic features and other imaging are discussed with regard to appropriateness of utilization and impact on management. The ...
Feldman Harvey H Harvey Feldman is a professor in the PA program at Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. Kim Zuber practices at Metropolitan Nephrology in Alexandria, Va., and is CME chair of the National Kidney Foundation. Jane S. Davis is a nurse practitioner at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
The recently released JNC 8 guideline on hypertension management is a major departure from previous JNC guidelines in methodology, focus, and content. This article reviews the design and content of the new guideline as well as its similarities and differences from JNC 7 and other recently published hypertension guidelines.
Haemer Matthew A MA 1 Department of Pediatrics, Section of Nutrition, University of Colorado School of Medicine , Aurora, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and prediabetes have increased in prevalence among overweight and obese children, with significant implications for long-term health. There is little published evidence on the best approaches to care of prediabetes among overweight youth or the current practices used across pediatric weight management programs. ...
Serrona Kevin Roy B KR SEINAN Group, Hirosaki, Japan - - 2014
The Philippines has been making inroads in solid waste management with the enactment and implementation of the Republic Act 9003 or the Ecological Waste Management Act of 2000. Said legislation has had tremendous influence in terms of how the national and local government units confront the challenges of waste management ...
Chesnut Randall M RM Departments of Neurological Surgery and Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, School of Medicine and School of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
The results of a recent randomized controlled trial comparing intracranial pressure (ICP) monitor-based treatment of severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) to management without ICP monitoring prompt this skeptical reconsideration of the scientific foundation underlying current sTBI management. Much of current practice arises from research performed under conditions that are no ...
- - 2014
The authors (Nedaa Skeik, Caleb J Murphy and Brandon R Porten) would like to highlight the following corrections to Table 2 in their review article, DOI: 10.1177/1358863X14534309. The review was printed in Vascular Medicine 2014; 19: 205-214. The authors would like to apologize for any inconvenience these changes will cause.
Pandher Puneet Singh PS Northern Health, Australia - - 2014
Technological advancements continue to provide innovative ways of enhancing patient care in medicine. In particular, the growing popularity of smartphone technology has seen the recent emergence of a myriad of healthcare applications (or apps) that promise to help shape the way in which health information is delivered to people worldwide. ...
Iro Heinrich H Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, - - 2014
Extracapsular dissection is a safe and effective surgical technique in the management of benign parotid neoplasms.
Cyriac J J Department of Paediatrics, Broomfield Hospital, Chelmsford, - - 2014
Upper airway obstruction (UAO) in infants and children has a broad spectrum of presentations including benign self-resolving conditions, from mild croup, to critical life-threatening conditions which, though uncommon now, require prompt recognition and effective multidisciplinary collaborative management to achieve a good outcome. The aim of this article is to highlight ...
Thomas Susie S S. Thomas, PT, PhD, international Centre for Allied Health Evidence (iCAHE) and the Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia, and Physiotherapy Department, Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, - - 2014
Older adults are at increased risk of falls following discharge from hospital. Guidelines to manage this falls risk are well documented but commonly not implemented. This paper aims to describe a novel approach using the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to develop an intervention to change clinical behaviour of Physiotherapists. The ...
Richter Jason P JP Jason P. Richter, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Graduate Program in Health and Business Administration, Army-Baylor University, Fort Sam Houston, Texas. Email: jason.richter@us.af.mil. Ann Scheck McAlearney, ScD, is Professor and Vice Chair for Research, Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, and Professor of Health Services Management and Policy, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus. Michael L. Pennell, PhD, is Assistant Professor, Division of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, - - 2014
Although patient handoffs have been extensively studied, they continue to be problematic. Studies have shown poor handoffs are associated with increased costs, morbidity, and mortality. No prior research compared perceptions of management and clinical staff regarding handoffs. Our aims were (a) to determine whether perceptions of organizational factors that can ...
Jutterström S S IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Box 530 21, SE-400 14 Gothenburg, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
The paper discusses the combined effects of ocean acidification, eutrophication and climate change on the Baltic Sea and the implications for current management strategies. The scientific basis is built on results gathered in the BONUS+ projects Baltic-C and ECOSUPPORT. Model results indicate that the Baltic Sea is likely to be ...
Mackenzie Catrina A CA Department of Geography, McGill University, 805 Rue Sherbrooke West, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 2K6, Canada; Department of Geography, University of Vermont, 200 Old Mill Building, Burlington, VT 05405-0114, U.S.A.. - - 2014
Biodiversity conservation has been criticized for undermining or ignoring social well-being. Currently efforts to mutually promote social justice, rural development, and biodiversity conservation, which have been contentious and yielded mixed results, continue to spread despite a general dearth of effective management strategies. We contend that social and economic concerns should ...
Waylen K A KA The James Hutton Institute, Cragiebuckler, Aberdeen, AB15 8QH, United Kingdom. - - 2014
The ecosystem approach-as endorsed by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB) in 2000-is a strategy for holistic, sustainable, and equitable natural resource management, to be implemented via the 12 Malawi Principles. These principles describe the need to manage nature in terms of dynamic ecosystems, while fully engaging with local peoples. ...
Taylor Sandra D SD Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, - - 2014
To describe the clinical course, management, and outcome of a horse with a presumptive diagnosis of botulism treated with long-term mechanical ventilation. A 6-year-old Quarter Horse gelding with a history of esophageal obstruction was evaluated for progressive tetraparesis. Generalized and progressive skeletal muscle weakness characterized by recumbency, decreased tongue, tail, ...
de Lorena Diniz Chaves Gisele G Department of Engineering and Technology, Federal University of Espírito Santo, São Mateus, Brazil - - 2014
This paper aims to evaluate the suitability of the Brazilian solid waste policy (BSWP) with global Agenda 21 and the challenges of implementing the BSWP in municipalities. For this, a review of the principles that guided the creation of this policy was performed to demonstrate that international pressures were important ...
Costilla Vanessa C VC Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic in Arizona, Scottsdale, AZ, USA, - - 2014
Symptoms of constipation occur at all ages, with the greatest prevalence in individuals older than 60 years of age. It is estimated that 35 million individuals suffer from constipation in the USA, but only a small number will ever be diagnosed. Patients identify constipation symptoms differently than physicians. Whereas a patient ...
Frémont Pierre P Department of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Québec, - - 2014
The Canadian Concussion Collaborative (CCC) is composed of health-related organisations concerned with the recognition, treatment and management of concussion. Its mission is to create synergy between organisations concerned with concussion to improve education and implementation of best practices for the prevention and management of concussions. Each of the organisations that ...
Keen Helen I HI University of Western Australia, Royal Perth Hospital, School of Medicine and Pharmacology, Department of Rheumatology, Statin Myopathy Clinic , Level 4, Medical Research Foundation Building, Rear 50 Murray Street, Perth WA, 6000 , Australia +61 08 9224 0244 ; +61 08 9224 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in industrialized nations. Despite clear evidence of CVD risk reduction with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins), the side effects of these medications, particularly myopathy, limit their effectiveness. Studies into the mechanisms, aetiology and management of statin myopathy are limited by lack ...
Qiu Jiali J State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, People's Republic of - - 2014
A qualitative analysis of in-depth interviews with 92 farmers and 42 policy managers in Wuxi County, the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, was conducted to identify stakeholder preferences for alternative best management practices (BMPs) and to determine the factors that affect their acceptance. Policy manager support for most of the practices ...
Hughes Hannah Anderson HA Duke University School of Nursing, 307 Trent Drive, Durham, NC, 27710, USA, - - 2014
Heart failure is a debilitating illness that requires patients to be actively engaged in self-management. Self-management practices, including maintenance and management of an evidence-based medication regimen, are associated with improved outcomes. Yet, sustained engagement with self-management practices remains a challenge. Both self-management practices and clinical outcomes differ by race, with ...
Billiauws Lore L aDepartment of Gastroenterology and Nutrition Support, Beaujon Hospital, Clichy bGastrointestinal and Metabolic Dysfunctions in Nutritional Pathologies, Inserm UMR 1149, Centre de Recherche sur l'Inflammation Paris Montmartre, UFR de Médecine Paris Diderot, - - 2014
Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) results in markedly compromised peristalsis mimicking an intestinal occlusion. The main goals of CIPO management are to improve intestinal propulsion and to maintain adequate nutrition status. The review describes the global management of CIPO including methods of diagnosis and nutritional, pharmacological and surgical therapies. The principles ...
Heuschkel R B RB *Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, Cambridge, UK †Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Jeanne de Flandre University Hospital, Lille, France ‡Department of Paediatrics, Hospital S. João, Porto, Portugal §Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Sheffield Children's Hospital, Sheffield, UK ||First Department of Paediatrics, University of Athens, Children's Hospital "Ag. Sofia", Athens, Greece ¶Hans Christian Andersen Children's Hospital, Odense University Hospital, DK-5000 Odense C, Denmark. #Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Cité, Paris, France and APHP, Hôpital Necker Enfants Malades, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Paris, France **Unit of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Department of Paediatrics; University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland ††Gastroenterology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Hadassah Medical Center, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel ‡‡Department NEUROFARBA, University of Florence, Meyer Children's, Hospital, Florence, Italy §§University Children's Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Slovenia ||||Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain ¶¶Division of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Department of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. ##UZ Brussel, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, - - 2014
This ESPGHAN position statement provides a comprehensive guide for healthcare providers to manage percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes (PEG) in a safe, effective and appropriate way. Relevant literature from searches of PubMed, CINAHL, and recent guidelines was reviewed. In the absence of evidence, recommendations reflect the expert opinion of the authors. ...
Knight Sarah S Clinical Sciences, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Victorian Paediatric Rehabilitation Service, The University of Melbourne, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; The Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
The diagnosis and management of paediatric chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encepnalomyelitis (CFS/ME) represent ongoing challenges for paediatricians. A better understanding of current approaches at a national level is important in informing where research and education could improve treatment outcomes. We aimed to examine current diagnosis and management practices for CFS/ME by ...
Bruno R R Department of Infectious Diseases, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Via Taramelli, 5, 27100, Pavia, Italy, - - 2014
To develop recommendations for the management of acute hepatitis B by the Italian Society for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases. Development of the recommendations divided into three levels of evidence according to the GRADE system: A (high), B (medium) and C (low experts opinion), together with three recommendation ...
Landuyt Dries D Unit Environmental Modelling-RMA, Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO), Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium; Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology, Ghent University, Jozef Plateaustraat 22, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Freshwater ponds deliver a broad range of ecosystem services (ESS). Taking into account this broad range of services to attain cost-effective ESS delivery is an important challenge facing integrated pond management. To assess the strengths and weaknesses of an ESS approach to support decisions in integrated pond management, we applied ...
Di Maria Francesco F LAR Laboratory - Dipartimento di Ingegneria, Università di Perugia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Life cycle analysis of several waste management scenarios for an Italian urban area was performed on the basis of different source segregation collection (SS) intensities from 0% up to 52%. Source segregated waste was recycled and or/recovered by composting. Residual waste management options were by landfilling, incineration with energy recovery ...
Cornet Edouard E Haematology Laboratory, Caen University Hospital, 14033, Caen Cedex, - - 2014
Hairy cell leukaemia (HCL) is a rare haematological malignancy, with approximately 175 new incident cases in France. Diagnosis is based on a careful examination of the blood smear and immunophenotyping of the tumour cells, with a panel of four markers being used specifically to screen for hairy cells (CD11c, CD25, ...
Griffiths Matt M Birmingham City - - 2014
I would like to become more involved in medicines management at my trust. Is there a specific career pathway I can take?
Jung Helene H Department of Urology, Urological Research Center, Fredericia Hospital - a Part of Hospital Littlebelt, Fredericia, - - 2014
Stone management is often conservative due to a high spontaneous stone passage rate or non-symptomatic calyceal stones that do not necessarily require active treatment. However, stone disease may cause symptoms and complications requiring urgent intervention. In this review, we update latest research and current recommendations regarding acute management of stones, ...
Powell Suzanne K - - 2014
Case managers and their patients/clients may benefit from the practice of mindfulness-based stress reduction. Recently, using MRI technology, science has found that the gray matters in specific areas of the brain increased from premindfulness training to postmindfulness training. The area affected improves regions involved with learning and memory processes, modulation ...
King Tari A TA Breast Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY, 10065, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lobular neoplasia (LN) is characterized by a dysfunctional E-cadherin-catenin axis, and loss of E-cadherin plays a causative role in the typical morphology of LN cells. LN is both a nonobligate precursor and a risk indicator of invasive breast cancer, and in particular, of invasive lobular carcinoma. Despite the evidence supporting ...
Schulenburg-Brand Danja D Department of Medical Biochemistry and Immunology, University Hospital of Wales, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4XW, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The porphyrias are a group of mainly inherited disorders of heme biosynthesis where accumulation of porphyrins and/or porphyrin precursors gives rise to 2 types of clinical presentation: cutaneous photosensitivity and/or acute neurovisceral attacks. The cutaneous porphyrias present with either bullous skin fragility or nonbullous acute photosensitivity. This review discusses the ...
Bang Henry Ngenyam HN Environmental Compliance and Risk Management Consultant, ANOVO UK Ltd., United - - 2014
Efficient and effective disaster management will prevent many hazardous events from becoming disasters. This paper constitutes the most comprehensive document on the natural disaster management framework of Cameroon. It reviews critically disaster management in Cameroon, examining the various legislative, institutional, and administrative frameworks that help to facilitate the process. Furthermore, ...
Althausen Peter L PL Reno Orthopaedic Clinic, Reno, - - 2014
The practicing orthopaedic traumatologist must have a sound knowledge of business fundamentals to be successful in the changing healthcare environment. Practice management encompasses multiple topics including governance, the financial aspects of billing and coding, physician extender management, ancillary service development, information technology, transcription utilization, and marketing. Some of these are ...
Dessy Alexa A Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Department of Neurosurgery, New York, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sport-related concussion has gained increasing recognition as a result of recent legislation, public health initiatives and media coverage. Moreover, there have been substantial paradigm shifts in the management of concussion. This article will discuss the variables that affect the use of diagnostic rating scales such as ImPACT and SCAT in ...
Abend Nicholas S NS Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 3501 Civic Center Blvd., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Status epilepticus (SE) is a medical emergency consisting of persistent or recurring seizures without a return to baseline mental status. SE can be divided into subtypes based on seizure types and underlying etiologies. Management should be implemented rapidly and based on pre-determined care pathways. The aim is to terminate seizures ...
McEvoy Matthew D MD From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN; †Departments of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, and ‡Department of Medicine, Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, - - 2014
A hardcopy or paper cognitive aid has been shown to improve performance during the management of simulated local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) when given to the team leader. However, there remains room for improvement to ensure a system that can achieve perfect adherence to the published guidelines for LAST management. ...
Debenito Jenny M JM Kaiser Permanente Colorado-Lone Tree Medical Office, 10240 Park Meadows Dr., Lone Tree, CO 80124. - - 2014
Anemia management clinics have demonstrated favorable impacts on clinical and economic outcomes and patient satisfaction. Clinical pharmacists are uniquely qualified to manage complex drug therapies requiring intensive monitoring. The complexity, risks associated with inappropriate treatment, and high cost of erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) make patients on these medications excellent candidates for ...
Taylor David L DL - - 2014
The personal leadership of the perioperative director is a critical factor in the success of any change management initiative. This article presents an approach to perioperative nursing leadership that addresses obstacles that prevent surgical departments from achieving high performance in clinical and financial outcomes. This leadership approach consists of specific ...
Marzano Roger R Yanke Bionics Clinics, Inc, 303 West Exchange Street, Akron, OH 44302, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Managing those with adult flatfoot deformities can be quite challenging, and the methods and devices used are wide-ranging based on the experience of the managing physician and the experience of the provider of the orthotic devices. A thorough biomechanical assessment is paramount to provide the most successful treatment due to ...
Kallenberg Cees G M CG Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, AA21, University Medical Center Groningen, PO Box 30.001, 9700 RB Groningen, - - 2014
The updated nomenclature for vasculitis defines this varied group of disorders by aetiology, specific features of pathogenesis and clinical symptoms; diagnostic and classification criteria for clinical practice are in development. Here, I review some important advances in the management of vasculitis within the category of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis ...
Dixon Anthony A MBBS, PhD, FACRRM, MAOCD, Director of postgraduate education,Department of Cutaneous Oncology, Australasian College of Cutaneous Oncology, Belmont, - - 2014
Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) became popular in managing melanoma once it was apparent that routine block nodal dissection was not helpful.
Naftel Kimberly G KG From the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Monroe Carell Jr Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee, the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, the Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, the Southeast Child Safety Institute, Children's of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and the Division of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alabama at - - 2014
To identify modifiable barriers in resources, knowledge, and management that may improve the care of young athletes with concussions in the state of Alabama. An electronic survey was distributed to 2668 middle and high school coaches of contact sports in Alabama, and a paper survey was completed by 79 certified ...
Sillifant Paul P From the Departments of *Craniofacial Surgery and †Plastic Surgery, Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool, United - - 2014
Positional plagiocephaly (deformational or occipital plagiocephaly) is the most common head-shape deformity, which is presented to specialist craniofacial units. The aim of management is to reduce pressure on the affected area in the expectation that brain growth will drive normalization of the head shape. Current management includes a variety of ...
Swick Derek D American Petroleum Institute, 1220 L Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20005, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper is part of a special series of publications regarding gasoline toxicology testing and gasoline risk management; this article covers regulations, standards, and industry practices concerning gasoline risk management. Gasoline is one of the highest volume liquid fuel products produced globally. In the U.S., gasoline production in 2013 was ...
Andrikopoulos George G Department of Cardiology, Henry Dunant Hospital, Athens, 0Department of Cardiology, KAT General Hospital, Athens, 1Department of Cardiology, Sismanogleio General Hospital, Athens, 2Department of Cardiology, Heraklion University - - 2014
Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is a highly prevalent health problem with high morbidity and mortality, data regarding the clinical characteristics and management of AF in the Greek population are scarce. The "Current Clinical Practice in the MANAGEment of Atrial Fibrillation in Greece" study (MANAGEAF) aimed to assess the epidemiological features ...
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