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Herrera Jorge L JL Division of Gastroenterology, University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Gastroenterology Academic Offices, 6000 University Commons, 75 University Boulevard S., Mobile, AL 36688-0002, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acute variceal bleeding (AVB) is the most common cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients with cirrhosis. Advances in the management of AVB have resulted in decreased mortality. To minimize mortality, a multidisciplinary approach addressing airway safety, prompt judicious volume resuscitation, vasoactive and antimicrobial pharmacotherapy, and early endoscopy to obliterate ...
Crawford Ann H AH Professor, College of Nursing, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor, Belton, Texas. Ann H. Crawford, PhD, RN, CNS, CEN, is a professor of nursing at the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor. She serves on the undergraduate and graduate faculties. Dr. Crawford earned her bachelor's and master's degrees at the University of North Dakota. She obtained her doctorate in education at Texas A&M University. In addition to teaching, Dr. Crawford works in the emergency department of a local hospital, McLane Children's Baylor Scott & White, in Temple, - - 2014
Electrolytes, in the right balance, are essential for regulating body functions and maintaining health. Even small deviations from normal electrolyte concentrations may cause significant problems. Hyperkalemia is acknowledged as one of the most dangerous electrolyte abnormalities. Symptoms are nonspecific and predominately related to cardiac or neuromuscular dysfunction, with potentially life-threatening ...
Fölster-Holst R R Department of Dermatology, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, - - 2014
Atopic dermatitis (AD) usually begins during infancy. In its classical form infantile AD involves the scalp, the face and the extensor surfaces of the extremities. However, it may present as erythroderma, which should exclude other differential diagnoses including metabolic and immunodeficiency disorders. In the management we have to consider the ...
Bhardwaj Neeti N Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Pennsylvania State University, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, - - 2014
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of self-limiting tissue swelling. The management of HAE has transformed dramatically with recently approved therapies in the United States. However, there is lack of awareness among physicians about these new modalities. The aim of this review is ...
Bekheit Mohamed M Department of Surgery, El Kabbary General Hospital, El Kabbary, Alexandria, Egypt, - - 2014
Intragastric balloon (IGB) is one of the available options for the management of morbid obesity. The procedure is generally safe and of moderate efficacy in most of the cases. One of the reported complications of IGB is gastric perforation. The management of this complication is classically surgical. To our knowledge, ...
Girard Thierry T aDepartment of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland bInterdisciplinary Centre for Gynecology, Gynecooncology and Feto-Maternal Medicine, Klagenfurt, Austria cDepartment of Obstetrics/Prenatal Diagnosis and Fetal Physiology, University Hospital Jena, Jena - - 2014
Postpartum hemorrhage is increasingly frequent and a major contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. Although individual steps, such as coagulation or surgical management, have been reviewed, there is little information on treatment algorithms. A treatment algorithm for postpartum hemorrhage was developed by the experts from three different specialties and from ...
Ransford N N Special Care Dentistry, Birmingham Community Healthcare NHS - - 2014
Little published information exists about the management of dental treatment procedures for people with epilepsy who, despite their medication, continue to have seizures. This paper draws on relevant literature in neurology and anaesthetics to provide a multi-speciality consensus on methods of assessment and adjunctive treatment options in order to manage ...
Trakatelli Myrto M Second Department of Venereology and Dermatology, Papageorgiou Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Background European guidelines for the management of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) prepared by the former BCC subcommittee of the Guidelines Committee of the European Dermatology Forum (EDF) were published in 2006. Objectives To present updated guidelines that include consensual expert definitions on various BCC types, prognosis and risk factors for ...
Rannow Sven S Biosphere Reserve River Landscape Elbe-Brandenburg, Neuhausstraße 9, Rühstädt, 19322, Germany, - - 2014
The implementation of adaptation actions in local conservation management is a new and complex task with multiple facets, influenced by factors differing from site to site. A transdisciplinary perspective is therefore required to identify and implement effective solutions. To address this, the International Conference on Managing Protected Areas under Climate ...
Huang Chang-Lun CL Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan, - - 2014
With the increasing appliance of minimally invasive approaches in both thoracic and general surgery, more and more diaphragmatic conditions are being managed with laparoscopy or thoracoscopy. Which one is adopted depends on the disease, facility support and surgeon's preference. However, in difficult scenarios such as adhesions, uncertain tumour location or ...
Kirk Sara F L SF 1Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
In this research, we examined the experiences of individuals living with obesity, the perceptions of health care providers, and the role of social, institutional, and political structures in the management of obesity. We used feminist poststructuralism as the guiding methodology because it questions everyday practices that many of us take ...
Taghipour Hassan H Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
From environmental viewpoint, the most important advantage of compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) is reduction of green house gas emissions. But their significant disadvantage is disposal of spent lamps because of containing a few milligrams of toxic metals, especially mercury and lead. For a successful implementation of any waste management plan, ...
Bechtel Allison A 1Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary bypass has revolutionized the practice of cardiac surgery and allows safe conduct of increasingly complex cardiac surgery. A brief review of the bypass circuit is undertaken in this review. A more thorough review of the anesthetic management is accomplished including choice of anesthetic medications and their effects. The inflammatory ...
Fuertes de Vega I I Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Parc Taulí de Sabadell, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Sabadell, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease in which autoantibodies are directed against components of the basement membrane. Most of these antibodies belong to the immunoglobulin G class and bind principally to 2 hemidesmosomal proteins: the 180-kD antigen (BP180) and the 230-kD antigen (BP230). It is the most ...
Wilmshurst Jo M JM Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, South - - 2014
Major advances have been made in the diagnosis, evaluation and management of children with epilepsy over the past 15 years. There has been a marked increase in genetic diagnoses of a number of key childhood-onset epilepsy syndromes, such as Dravet syndrome, which has been linked to mutations in the SCN1A ...
Yoo Dae-Seon DS Department of Urology, Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the practice patterns of urologists in managing Korean men aged 40 years or younger with high serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Data were collected from general health screenings conducted at 4 university hospitals between 2004 and 2012. Eligibility criteria were Korean men aged ≤40 years who were seen by urologists for high ...
- - 2014
BVA Council manager Amelia Findon summarises issues being discussed by the standing committees.
Guido Richard R [Black Square] [Black Square] [Black Square] [Black Square] [Black Square] [Black - - 2014
The management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia has evolved over the last 20 years. Observation has replaced aggressive therapy in many cases. Evidence based guidelines now guide therapy. This chapter presents an overview of various treatment options, as well as the most recent guidelines of therapy.
Hou Zhijia Z Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University and Beijing Ophthalmology Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Extensive epibulbar choristomas associated with microphthalmia have rarely been reported. We report 2 cases and describe our experience in the diagnosis and management of this challenging entity. OBSERVATIONS The clinical features, surgical and histopathologic findings, and aesthetic results of surgical treatment were recorded. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Surgical management of ...
Dennis Michael L ML Chestnut Health Systems, 448 Wylie Drive, Normal, IL, 61761, USA, - - 2014
Scientific advances in the past 15 years have clearly highlighted the need for recovery management approaches to help individuals sustain recovery from chronic substance use disorders. This article reviews some of the recent findings related to recovery management: (1) continuing care, (2) recovery management checkups, (3) 12-step or mutual aid, and ...
Soulé Bastien B Associate Professor, Centre de Recherche et d'Innovation sur le Sport, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, - - 2014
Considering its huge magnitude and its location in a densely populated area of Chile, the Maule seism of 27 February 2010 generated a low amount of victims. However, post-seismic tsunamis were particularly devastating on that day; surprisingly, no full alert was launched, not at the national, regional or local level. ...
Grzeda Stanislaw S Program Manager at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Springfield, Virginia, United - - 2014
An essential component of disaster planning and preparation is the identification and selection of temporary disaster debris management sites (DMS). However, since DMS identification is a complex process involving numerous variable constraints, many regional, county and municipal jurisdictions initiate this process during the post-disaster response and recovery phases, typically a ...
Altay Nezih N Associate Professor of Operations Management, Department of Management, DePaul University, United - - 2014
There is a growing recognition of the critical role information management can play in shaping effective humanitarian response, coordination and decision-making. Quality information, reaching more humanitarian actors, will result in better coordination and better decision-making, thus improving the response to beneficiaries as well as accountability to donors. The humanitarian response ...
Dell C C Brunel University, London, United - - 2014
The number of football referees in the United Kingdom has significantly declined over recent years (The F.A, 2011). Previous research has indicate that conflict is an importnat factor in referees leaving the game and impact on their personal health and wellbeing (Dell, Rhind & Gervis, 2013). This study evaluates a ...
Gray S S Monash Injury Research Institute, Clayton, - - 2014
Fitness facilities provide an avenue for people to engage in physical activity, however it is important that these facilities do all in their power to reduce the likelihood of injuries occurring. The attitudes and practices of those employed in the fitness industry with respect to risk management are important for ...
Püttgen Katherine B KB Division of Pediatric Dermatology, Department of Dermatology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 200 North Wolfe Street, Unit 2107, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Propranolol has replaced corticosteroids as preferred first-line therapy for the management of infantile hemangiomas (IH). The topical β-blocker timolol is now an alternative to oral propranolol and watchful waiting for smaller IH. Research in the last decade has provided evidence-based data about natural history, epidemiology, and syndromes associated with IH. ...
Shin Helen T HT Pediatric Dermatology, The Joseph M. Sanzari Children's Hospital, Hackensack University Medical Center, 155 Polifly Road, Suite 101, Hackensack, NJ 07601, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article presents an overview of diaper dermatitis for the pediatric community. The pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, and management of this common condition in infancy are reviewed. This information will assist in making the appropriate diagnosis and managing this irritant contact dermatitis of the diaper area. With conservative management, most cases ...
Lalla Rajesh V RV Section of Oral Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, CT 06030-1605, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Oral mucositis is a significant toxicity of systemic chemotherapy and of radiation therapy to the head and neck region. The morbidity of oral mucositis can include pain, nutritional compromise, impact on quality of life, alteration in cancer therapy, risk for infection, and economic costs. Management includes general symptomatic support and ...
Maxfield Mark W MW From the Departments of Surgery (M.W.M., K.M.S., E.A.M., K.A.D.), and Radiology (J.B.), Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Identifying patients on admission with perforated appendicitis who have phlegmon or abscess initially selected for but likely to fail nonoperative management may avoid delays in definitive treatment. Patients older than 15 years presenting to a university tertiary care hospital with perforated appendicitis and abscess or phlegmon and planned nonoperative management ...
Eismont Frank J - - 2014
Lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is a common cause of low back pain, radiculopathy, and/or neurogenic claudication. Treatment begins with a trial of nonsurgical methods, including physical therapy, NSAIDs, and epidural corticosteroid injections. Surgical treatment with decompression and fusion is recommended for patients who do not respond to this initial regimen. ...
Jensen Kristine B KB Department of Clinical Science and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London, North Mymms, Hertfordshire, United - - 2014
To review current and emerging nutritional approaches in the management of acute pancreatitis (AP) in people, dogs, and cats, and to provide a framework for further investigation in this field. Veterinary retrospective studies and reviews, human prospective clinical trials and reviews, and experimental animal studies focusing on nutritional management during ...
Mefford Linda L University of Tennessee, College of Nursing, Knoxville, Tennessee, - - 2014
Mismanaged anger is associated with adverse health outcomes. This study examined whether dimensions of religiousness/spirituality could predict healthy anger management in a sample of 82 community-dwelling older Americans. A correlational research design was employed using the Deffenbacher Anger Scale and the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality. Higher scores on Forgiveness, ...
Fox Audralan A University of Oklahoma Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, 900 NE 10th St, Oklahoma City, OK - - 2014
Hemorrhoids are engorged fibrovascular cushions lining the anal canal. Constipation, increased intra-abdominal pressure, and prolonged straining predispose to hemorrhoids. Approximately 1 in 20 Americans and almost one-half of individuals older than 50 years experience symptomatic hemorrhoids. Bright red, painless rectal bleeding during defecation is the most common presentation. Even if ...
Fairley S L - - 2014
Successful revascularisation of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains one of the greatest challenges in the era of contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Such lesions are encountered with increasing frequency in current clinical practice. A predictable increase in the future burden of CTO management can be anticipated given the ageing population, ...
Robinson Philip C PC University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Department of Rheumatology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) is axial inflammatory arthritis where plain radiographic damage is not evident. An unknown proportion of these patients will progress to ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The increasing recognition of nr-axSpA has been greatly assisted by the widespread use of magnetic resonance imaging. The aim of this article was ...
Debarle Michel - - 2014
Little is known about the level of consensus within the French chiropractic profession regarding management of clinical issues. A previous Swedish study showed that chiropractors agreed relatively well on the management strategy for nine low back pain scenarios. We wished to investigate whether those findings could be reproduced among French ...
Girotra Mohit M Mohit Girotra, Rayburn F Rego, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS), Little Rock, AR 72202, United - - 2014
Gastric varices (GVs) are notorious to bleed massively and often difficult to manage with conventional techniques. This mini-review addresses endoscopic management principles for gastric variceal bleeding, including limitations of ligation and sclerotherapy and merits of endoscopic variceal obliteration. The article also discusses how emerging use of endoscopic ultrasound provides optimism ...
Yip Desmond D Department of Medical Oncology, The Canberra Hospital, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; ANU Medical School, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, - - 2014
Major advances in the medical treatment of gastrointestinal tumors (GISTs) have improved survival for both patients with advanced disease and those diagnosed with high-risk primary tumors. The Consensus approaches to best practice management of gastrointestinal stromal tumors, published in this journal in 2008, provided guidance for the management of GIST ...
Belcher Judy J Tissue Viability Nurse Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS - - 2014
Two milestones have revolutionised the management of wounds. First, the introduction of antibiotics, and second, the work carried out by Winter in 1962, introducing the concept that a warm moist environment encouraged healing.
Meda John J 1Department of Internal Medicine, Dodoma University, Dodoma, Tanzania, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania 3Department of Internal Medicine, Weill Bugando School of Medicine, Mwanza, Tanzania 4Center for Global Health, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, USA, 5Department of Internal Medicine, Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania 6Department of Microbiology, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences - Bugando, Mwanza, Tanzania 7Department of Biochemistry, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences - Bugando, Mwanza, - - 2014
Cryptococcal Meningitis (CM) has a mortality rate of ∼70% among HIV-infected adults in low-income countries. Controlling intracranial pressure (ICP) is essential in CM, but is difficult in low-income countries because manometers and practical ICP management protocols are lacking. As part of a continuous quality improvement project, our Tanzanian hospital initiated ...
Park Dong Kyu DK School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747, Republic of - - 2014
Groundwater pumping changes the behavior of subsurface water, including the location of the water table and characteristics of the flow system, and eventually affects the fate of contaminants, such as nitrate from agricultural fertilizers. The objectives of this study were to demonstrate the importance of considering the existing pumping conditions ...
Yumuk Volkan V Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, - - 2014
Obesity has proven to be a gateway to ill health. It has already reached epidemic proportions becoming one of the leading causes of death and disability in Europe and world-wide. Obesity plays a central role in the development of a number of risk factors and chronic diseases like hypertension, dyslipidaemia ...
Kumar Rohit R Division of Hematology-Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, - - 2014
Dabigatran is an oral direct thrombin inhibitor that is approved for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Dabigatran has several advantages over warfarin including predictable pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics which eliminates the need for routine laboratory monitoring, superiority over warfarin in preventing stroke, or systemic embolism ...
Sawh-Martinez Rajendra R From the Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
We recently reported on the safety of minimally invasive parotid region sentinel node biopsy and level I-sparing radical neck dissection for head and neck melanoma. We therefore wished to assess the state of practice in the United States through a survey of specialists in head and neck surgery. We hypothesized ...
Kirkman Matthew A MA Neurocritical Care Unit, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, University College London Hospitals, Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, UK, - - 2014
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In part due to the availability of more aggressive treatments, increasing numbers of patients with AIS are being admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Despite the availability of consensus guidance for the general management of AIS, ...
Decock Charlotte - - 2014
One of the unintended nitrogen (N)-loss pathways from cropland is the emission of nitrous oxide (N2O), a potent greenhouse gas and ozone depleting substance. This study explores the potential of alternative agronomic management practices to mitigate N2O emissions from corn cropping systems in major corn producing regions in the USA ...
Oppong-Yeboah Bertha B Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, - - 2014
Practice variation exists in the physiotherapy management of low back pain (LBP) across several countries. Previous studies indicate that treatment strategies used may not always be in line with evidence-based practice. Most of these studies however were conducted in developed countries. This study sought to investigate the management of LBP ...
Macgregor Nicholas A NA Natural England, Nobel House, 17 Smith Square, London, SW1P 3JR, UK, - - 2014
Although good general principles for climate change adaptation in conservation have been developed, it is proving a challenge to translate them into more detailed recommendations for action. To improve our understanding of what adaptation might involve in practice, we investigated how the managers of conservation areas in eastern England are ...
Brijnath Bianca B Department of General Practice, Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences, School of Primary Care, Monash University, Building 1, 270 Ferntree Gully Rd., Notting Hill, Melbourne, VIC, 3168, Australia, - - 2014
Purpose Mental health conditions (MHC) are an increasing reason for claiming injury compensation in Australia; however little is known about how these claims are managed by different gatekeepers to injury entitlements. This study, drawing on the views of four stakeholders-general practitioners (GPs), injured persons, employers and compensation agents, aims to ...
Chuffart Florent F Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire de la Cellule; Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon, CNRS, Université de Lyon, 69007, Lyon, - - 2014
Laboratory stocks are the hardware of research. They must be stored and managed with mimimum loss of material and information. Plasmids, oligonucleotides and strains are regularly exchanged between collaborators within and between laboratories. Managing and sharing information about every item is crucial for retrieval of reagents, for planning experiments and ...
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