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Coe Kristi L KL Wake Forest Baptist Health/Brenner Children's Hospital, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
As neonatal care in the tertiary setting advances, neonatal transport teams are challenged with incorporating these innovations into their work environment. One of the largest areas of advancement over the last decade involves respiratory support and management. Many major respiratory treatments and the equipment required have been adapted for transport, ...
El-Deeb Mohammed H MH From the *Royal Hospital, Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman; †Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman; and ‡Rustaq Hospital, Ministry of Health, Sultanate of - - 2014
Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, there is variation in practice with regard to the management of acute AF among the hospitals and even within the same hospital in Oman. This variation likely reflects a lack of high-quality evidence. Standard guidelines and textbooks do not offer ...
Bendjelid Karim K From the Intensive Care Service, Geneva University Hospitals, the Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, and the Geneva Hemodynamic Research Group, Geneva, - - 2014
Medical therapeutic knowledge advances by continual action and reaction between retrospective and prospective evaluation on the one hand and clinical real-life observation and assessment on the other. In this regard, our goal is to articulate and demystify certain myths and misconceptions that impede the optimal management of patients with circulatory ...
Janney Carol A CA VA Ann Arbor Center for Clinical Management Research (CCMR), Ann Arbor, MI, USA, - - 2014
This review provides clinicians and individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) with an overview of evidence-based skills shown to be effective in BD and amenable to self-management including psychoeducation; monitoring moods, medications, and social function; sleep hygiene; setting goals and relapse plans; and healthy lifestyles (physical activity, healthy eating, weight loss ...
McGarry Julie J University of Nottingham, Derby, United - - 2014
Significant numbers of people attend ED either as a direct result of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) or related admissions, for example self-harm (Boyle et al, 2006, Boursnell and Prosser, 2010). However, effective management remains problematic and as Gibbons (2011) has highlighted DVA often goes unreported by ED staff. The ...
Minassian Angela M AM Bone Infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford OX3 7HE, - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of prosthetic joint infection have been produced by a range of organizations. Guidelines stress the importance of multi-disciplinary working and of adopting a methodical approach. This includes careful assessment of the patient's surgical, medical and psychosocial problems, rational investigation, a decision-making framework ...
Schmidt-Erfurth Ursula U Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University, Vienna, - - 2014
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is still referred to as the leading cause of severe and irreversible visual loss world-wide. The disease has a profound effect on quality of life of affected individuals and represents a major socioeconomic challenge for societies due to the exponential increase in life expectancy and environmental ...
Harris Jenine K JK Prevention Research Center in St Louis (Ms Smith and Dr Brownson), Brown School (Dr Harris), Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, Missouri; and Department of Public Health, University of Tennessee, Knoxville (Dr - - 2014
Evidence-based decision making (EBDM) is the process, in local health departments (LHDs) and other settings, of translating the best available scientific evidence into practice. Local health departments are more likely to be successful if they use evidence-based strategies. However, EBDM and use of evidence-based strategies by LHDs are not widespread. ...
Chen Ruirui R State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008, P.R. - - 2014
With increasing livestock breeding, methane (CH4 ) emissions from manure management will contribute more to atmospheric CH4 concentration. The dynamics of methanogens and methanotrophs have not yet been studied in the manure environment. The current study combines surface CH4 emissions with methanogenic and methanotrophic community analyses, from two management practices, ...
Paina Ligia - - 2014
Many full-time Ugandan government health providers take on additional jobs - a phenomenon called dual practice. We describe the complex patterns that characterize the evolution of dual practice in Uganda, and the local management practices that emerged in response, in five government facilities. An in-depth understanding of dual practice can ...
Petersen Brenda B Brenda Petersen is an assistant director of nursing at Caldwell University, Caldwell, - - 2014
: Constipation may be functional, anatomic, neurologic, obstructive, endocrine, metabolic, or medicinal. This article will review the common presentation of functional constipation, diagnostic criteria, treatment, and management guidelines in pediatric primary care. Implications for nurse practitioners and directions for future research will be discussed.
Frost Julia - - 2014
Qualitative research on self-management for people with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has typically reported one-off retrospective accounts of individuals' strategies. The aim of this research was to identify the ways in which self-management strategies are perceived by people with T2DM as being either supportive or unsupportive over time, by ...
Voronovich Zoya A ZA University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
The authors report a case of a 2-year-old boy with postinfectious hydrocephalus, managed with a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt and complicated by shunt extrusion through the cranial skin. The shunt was removed due to concern for infection, and the child was found to have an enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) communicating along the ...
Phillip Veit V Veit Phillip, Jörg M Steiner, Hana Algül, II. Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München, 81675 München, - - 2014
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a potentially life-threatening disease with a wide spectrum of severity. The overall mortality of AP is approximately 5%. According to the revised Atlanta classification system, AP can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Severe AP often takes a clinical course with two phases, an early ...
Sundar Gangadhara G Department of Ophthalmology, National University Health System , - - 2014
Abstract Aim: A web-based anonymous survey was performed to evaluate practice preferences in the management of Graves' orbitopathy amongst oculofacial surgeons in the Asia-Pacific region. Methods: A questionnaire with contentious topics in Graves' orbitopathy was sent out via email to oculofacial surgeons in 14 countries within Asia-Pacific between May to ...
Rajamanikam Ramamoorthy R Department of Ecology & Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, - - 2014
Poorly planned and uncontrolled urbanization in India has caused a variety of negative, often irreversible, environmental impacts. The impacts appear to be unavoidable and not easily mitigable due to the mounting public health problems caused by non-segregation of solid wastes at source and their subsequent improper management. Recently in India, ...
Merdad Mazin - - 2014
IntroductionThe detection of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) is on the rise and its optimal management remains controversial. Our aim was to determine the current self-reported management of PTMC amongst Canadian otolaryngologist-head and neck surgeons (OHNS) and endocrinologists and to identify factors influencing their management decisions.MethodsA nine item web-based questionnaire was ...
Adini B B Emergency and Disaster Management Division, Ministry of Health, Tel Aviv, Israel; PREPARED Centre for Emergency Response Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; Department of Emergency Medicine, Recanati School of Community Health Professions, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Numerous interventions seeking to increase preparedness for pandemic influenza have been implemented, but low compliance of healthcare providers has been reported in many instances. The aim of this study was to identify factors that affect preparedness for pandemic influenza by examining: hospital managers' perceptions of measures implemented to promote preparedness ...
Franchini Massimo M Carlo Poma Hosp - Dept Transfus Med and Hematol, Mantova, - - 2014
Hemophilia B is a rare hereditary hemorrhagic disorder characterized by deficiency of the clotting factor IX (FIX). Hemophilia B patients experience mild-to-severe bleeding complications according to the degree of FIX defect. The mainstay of treatment of hemophilia B consists of replacement therapy and nowadays several plasma-derived and recombinant FIX products ...
Stanisavljevic Nemanja N Faculty of Technical Sciences, Department of Environmental Engineering, University of Novi Sad, Serbia - - 2014
The novelty of this paper is the demonstration of the effectiveness of combining material flow analysis (MFA) with substance flow analysis (SFA) for decision making in waste management. Both MFA and SFA are based on the mass balance principle. While MFA alone has been applied often for analysing material flows ...
Cady Roger R Headache Care Center, Springfield, MO, - - 2014
Headache, a nearly universal experience, remains costly, disabling, and often suboptimally managed. The most common presentations in the United States are migraine, tension-type headache (TTH) and "sinus" headache, but their extensive symptomatic overlap suggests that these conditions can be approached as variations in the same underlying pathology and managed accordingly. ...
Zlotolow Dan A DA *Shriners Hospitals for Children †Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Congenital thumb contractures are a well described but complex deformity to manage. Thumb contractures are common in patients with arthrogryposis. Many patients with arthrogryposis develop a supination, adduction, and flexion contracture at the thumb carpometacarpal join. Despite some thumb function, their thumb position and contracted first webspace precludes effective pinch ...
Gupta Avantika A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India, - - 2014
Severe bleeding into the peritoneal cavity from a ruptured corpus luteum cyst is a rare complication in women receiving anticoagulation therapy. Surgical management has been a traditional approach in managing corpus luteum haemorrhage, however, conservative management is now dominating the trend in carefully selected patients. We report here a series ...
Yadav Kaushal K Department of Surgical Oncology, Hepatopancreaticobiliary and GI services, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai, India, - - 2014
In literature, the reported mortality of posthepatectomy liver failure is <5 % and morbidity is 15-30 %. Around 3-8 % of patients develop liver failure after major hepatic resection. The objective of the study was to provide current definitions and managing posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) as per severity and ISGLS grading. A systemic ...
Masood Maryam M Institute for Manufacturing, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK - - 2014
The current status of solid waste management in Lahore, a metropolitan city of Pakistan, is reviewed in this article using an existing approach, the UN-Habitat city profile. This involves a systematic quantitative and qualitative assessment of physical components and governance features of the current waste management system. A material flow ...
Jacob Paul P Environmental Engineering and Management Program, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani, - - 2014
Increasing urbanisation and automobile use have given rise to an increase in global tyre waste generation. A tyre becomes waste once it wears out and is no longer fit for its original purpose, and is thus in its end-of-life state. Unlike in developed countries, where waste tyre management has already ...
Smith Jennifer Dixon - - 2014
To provide pharmacists with practical information to guide consumers in their choices of herbal products and dietary supplements for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its comorbid disease states. The herbal and dietary supplement market has grown exponentially over the past decade as Americans increasingly use such ...
Walsh Jessica C JC Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3E J, United - - 2014
A major justification of environmental management research is that it helps practitioners, yet previous studies show it is rarely used to inform their decisions. We tested whether conservation practitioners focusing on bird management were willing to use a synopsis of relevant scientific literature to inform their management decisions. This allowed ...
Odedra Katy Mara KM Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, St Mary's Hospital, - - 2014
Atopic dermatitis affects both children and adults, and often presents in early life as itchy, dry skin primarily located on the face, trunk and limbs. There is usually a history of family or personal atopic disease and an increased blood level of the allergic antibody immunoglobulinE. The mainstays of treatment ...
Schellhorn Nancy A NA CSIRO, Brisbane, QLD, 4001, - - 2014
Area-wide management has a long history of achieving solutions that target pests, however, there has been little focus on the area-wide management of arthropod natural enemies. Landscape ecology studies that show a positive relationship between natural enemy abundance and habitat diversity demonstrate landscape-dependent pest suppression, but have not yet clearly ...
Pezzulo Gabrielle G Gabrielle Pezzulo is a student in the PA program at St. John's University in Queens, N.Y. Danielle Kruger is an associate professor in the PA program at St. John's University and practices in the ED at Coney Island Hospital in Brooklyn, N.Y. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
Acute upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a potentially life-threatening condition requiring accurate, prompt, and appropriate patient evaluation and management. Clinicians of all specialties must know the best practices for preventing and managing upper GI bleeding. This article focuses on assessing and managing adults with acute nonvariceal upper GI bleeding.
Romero Iñaki I Philips Research, High Tech Campus 34, 5656 AE, Eindhoven, The - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been defined as the new cardiovascular "epidemic". Its prevalence is rising in developed countries and the associated social and economic costs are high. In the last few years, there has been an increasing interest in understanding the mechanisms of AF and its management. New pharmacotherapies together ...
Knollman Porter Kelly - - 2014
The Miami University Concussion Management Program was established in 1999 in order to assess, manage, and monitor athletes who sustain concussions and experience neurobehavioral and neurocognitive symptoms secondary to their injury. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe the established procedures of one of the oldest university based interdisciplinary ...
Rodger Marc A MA Hematology, University of Ottawa and The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON Canada; Medicine, University of Ottawa and The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON Canada; Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ottawa and The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, ON Canada; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially lethal clinical condition that is suspected in patients with common clinical complaints, in many and varied, clinical care settings. Once VTE is diagnosed, optimal therapeutic management (thrombolysis, IVC filters, type and duration of anticoagulants) and ideal therapeutic management settings (outpatient, critical care) are also ...
Rideout Douglas B DB WESTFIRE Research Center, Department of Forest and Rangeland Stewardship, Colorado State University, 80523, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assessing the value of fire planning alternatives is challenging because fire affects a wide array of ecosystem, market, and social values. Wildland fire management is increasingly used to address forest restoration while pragmatic approaches to assessing the value of fire management have yet to be developed. Earlier approaches to assessing ...
Bennett Alyssa R AR Division of Adolescent/Young Adult Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
This article reviews the current understanding and management of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in adolescents. The readers will learn a practical approach to the evaluation and treatment of mild-to-severe uterine bleeding. In 2011, a new classification system was proposed to standardize the terminology used to describe AUB. This system is ...
Bumpous Jeffrey J Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, - - 2014
Cases are presented in light of the current diagnostic and therapeutic trends in management of thyroid nodules and well-differentiated cancers. Demographic, historical, and population-based risk factors are used to risk stratify cases. Ultrasonographic features and other imaging are discussed with regard to appropriateness of utilization and impact on management. The ...
Feldman Harvey H Harvey Feldman is a professor in the PA program at Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. Kim Zuber practices at Metropolitan Nephrology in Alexandria, Va., and is CME chair of the National Kidney Foundation. Jane S. Davis is a nurse practitioner at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
The recently released JNC 8 guideline on hypertension management is a major departure from previous JNC guidelines in methodology, focus, and content. This article reviews the design and content of the new guideline as well as its similarities and differences from JNC 7 and other recently published hypertension guidelines.
- - 2014
Mercy Medical Center in Canton, OH, established daily multidisciplinary rounds at the same time the case management department was being redesigned. Committee developed expectations for the rounds, including a script and checklist. Management audits the meetings periodically to ensure that the format is being followed. The redesign extended hours of ...
Cesta Toni - - 2014
The world of a case manager is a busy one, and you may not have all the resources you need each and every day. If you can maintain a routine it will make the workload more manageable for you and will allow room for those surprises that invariably happen. Whether ...
Gold Michael H MH *Gold Skin Care Center and Tennessee Clinical Research Center, Nashville, Tennessee; †Center for Clinical and Cosmetic Research, Aventura, Florida; ‡Department of Laser and Surgery, Istituto Dermatologico Europeo, Milano, Italy; §Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany; ‖Paces Plastic Surgery, Atlanta, Georgia; ¶Inkwell Medical Communications, Novelty, - - 2014
There is an ongoing need to standardize scar management by establishing safe and effective treatment options that can be applied in routine clinical practice. To review available data on methods for preventing and treating cutaneous scarring. Relevant scientific literature was identified through a comprehensive search of the MEDLINE database. Additional ...
Graham Brent B Hand Program, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, University Health Network, 399 Bathurst Street, East Wing 2-425, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Clinical practice guidelines summarize the available evidence for patient management in a format that is easy for clinicians to use. These guidelines usually use methodologically rigorous principles for retrieving and evaluating the literature and for establishing consensus among work group members, but implementation by clinicians is often incomplete. The reasons ...
Haw Camilla C St Andrew's, Cliftonville, Northampton, UK; School of Health, University of Northampton, UK; Institute of Psychiatry, King's College, London, - - 2014
To explore mental health nurses' knowledge, attitudes and clinical judgement concerning medicines management in an inpatient setting with a view to enhancing training. Medicines management is a key role of mental health nurses, but little research has been conducted into their training needs. An exploratory mixed-methods design was used involving ...
Bryce Jane - - 2014
To provide background information and management strategies for non-rash dermatological adverse events. Peer-reviewed journal articles, professional manuals, online sources. During the last decade, many dermatological adverse events of targeted therapy have been reported, including xerosis, skin fissures, pruritus, photosensitivity, pigmentation changes, hair and nail changes, hand-foot skin reaction, squamoproliferative lesions, ...
Fischer-Cartlidge Erica A - - 2014
To identify the most common gastrointestinal toxicities and laboratory abnormalities associated with targeted therapies, as well as the assessment and management necessary to minimize adverse events related to these side effects. Peer-reviewed articles and national guidelines for oncology practice. Common toxicities of diarrhea, mucositis, and laboratory abnormalities are often associated ...
Haas Andrew R - - 2014
Over 1.5 million pleural effusions occur in the United States every year as a consequence of a variety of inflammatory, infectious, and malignant conditions. Although rarely fatal in isolation, pleural effusions are often a marker of a serious underlying medical condition and contribute to significant patient morbidity, quality-of-life reduction, and ...
Rudavsky Aliza A Department of Physiotherapy, School of Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
[Rudavsky A, Cook J (2014) Physiotherapy management of patellar tendinopathy (jumper's knee).Journal of Physiotherapy60: xxx-xxx].
Jackson Margaret J MJ Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK - - 2014
This concise guidance comprises a distillation of recommendations for the diagnosis and management of epilepsies for non-specialists and is based on updated clinical guideline 137 published by the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE). It is intended to provide the generalist at the front line (particularly but not ...
Iliffe Steve S Research Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
People with dementia and their families need support in different forms, but currently services are often fragmented with variable quality of care. Case management offers a way of co-ordinating services along the care pathway and therefore could provide individualised support; however, evidence of the effectiveness of case management for dementia ...
McCarthy Michael A MA School of Botany, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, - - 2014
Efficient conservation management is particularly important because current spending is estimated to be insufficient to conserve the world's biodiversity. However, efficient management is confounded by uncertainty that pervades conservation management decisions. Uncertainties exist in objectives, dynamics of systems, the set of management options available, the influence of these management options, ...
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