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Viswanathan Meera M Social, Statistical, and Environmental Sciences, RTI International, 3040 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Groups such as the Institute of Medicine emphasize the importance of attention to financial conflicts of interest. Little guidance exists, however, on managing the risk of bias for systematic reviews from nonfinancial conflicts of interest. We sought to create practical guidance on ensuring adequate clinical or content expertise while maintaining ...
Flynn Matthew M Centre for Research into the Older Workforce , Newcastle University , Newcastle UK NE1 4SE email: - - 2014
Through the lens of Institutional Entrepreneurship, this paper discusses how governments use the levers of power afforded through business and welfare systems to affect change in the organisational management of older workers. It does so using national stakeholder interviews in two contrasting economies: the United Kingdom and Japan. Both governments ...
Boland Genevieve M GM Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, - - 2014
Changes in technology, with decreases in the cost of molecular profiling, has expanded the interest in creating institution-wide personalized medicine platforms to allow selective assessment of a given patient's tumor in real time, with the ability to utilize that information for patient-care decisions. In order for this approach to function ...
Schully Sheri D SD Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2014
Purpose:With the accelerated implementation of genomic medicine, health-care providers will depend heavily on professional guidelines and recommendations. Because genomics affects many diseases across the life span, no single professional group covers the entirety of this rapidly developing field.Methods:To pursue a discussion of the minimal elements needed to develop evidence-based guidelines ...
- - 2014
The incorrect text for this article was published in Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine [227:7] - July/2013 pp. 815-820, on account of a publisher error. The correct text should be as follows: BILATERAL ASYMMETRY IN MICROARCHITECTURE OF TRABECULAR BONE IN MALE ...
Miller Brian W BW North Central Climate Science Center, Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, - - 2014
Researchers have independently documented the effects of land use on rivers and threats to river management institutions, but the relationship between changes in institutional context and river condition is not well described. This study assesses the connections between resource management institutions, land use, and rivers by integrating social science, geospatial ...
Kost Rhonda G RG Dr. Kost is clinical research officer and director, Regulatory Knowledge and Support Core, Rockefeller University Center for Clinical and Translational Science, New York, New York. She was co-chair of the CTSA Consortium's Regulatory Knowledge and Support Key Function Committee and Recruitment and Retention Taskforce at the time the work was conducted. Ms. Mervin-Blake is assistant director for recruitment and special projects, Duke University Clinical Translational Science Institute, Chapel Hill, North Carolina. She was director of operational programs and research recruitment, University of North Carolina Translational and Clinical Sciences Institute, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, at the time the research was conducted. Ms. Hallarn is program director, Clinical Trials Recruitment Center, Clinical and Translational Science, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. Mr. Rathmann was director, Recruitment Enhancement Core, Institute of Clinical and Translational Science Regulatory Support Center, Center for Clinical Studies, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St Louis, Missouri, at the time the research was conducted. Mr. Kolb is research participant advocate, Clinical and Translational Science Institute, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. Dr. Dennison Himmelfarb is associate professor, Department of Health Systems and Outcomes, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, and Division of Health Sciences Informatics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. Ms. D'Agostino is assistant vice president, Sponsored Programs and Pre-Award Management, and assistant director, Clinical and Translational Science Award Regulatory Knowledge and Support Resource, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas. Mr. Rubinstein is executive director for research services, University of Rochester Clinical Translational Science Institute, Rochester, New York. Dr. Dozier is associate professor, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York. Dr. Schuff is professor of medicine and co-director, Investigator Support and Integration Services, Oregon Clinical and Translational Research Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon. She was co-chair of the CTSA Consortium's Regulatory Knowledge and Support Key Function Committee at the time the research was - - 2014
To respond to increased public and programmatic demand to address underenrollment of clinical translational research studies, the authors examined participant recruitment practices at Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) sites and make recommendations for performance metrics and accountability. The CTSA Recruitment and Retention taskforce in 2010 invited representatives at 46 ...
Copel Joshua A JA Departments of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences and Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Continuing medical education for this article is available at - - 2014
Fetal growth restriction is one of the most complex problems encountered by obstetricians. Ultrasound-estimated fetal weight less than the 10th percentile for the gestational age is the most widely accepted diagnostic criterion. Management protocols vary from institution to institution. Doppler velocimetry provides valuable information about fetal status. We offer a ...
de Micheli-Serra Alfredo Alessandro AA Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio - - 2014
Towards the middle of the XVI century, the empirical physician Martín de la Cruz, in New Spain, compiled a catalogue of the local medicinal herbs and plants, which was translated into Latin by Juan Badiano, professor at the Franciscan college of Tlatelolco. On his side, Dr. Francisco Hernández, the royal ...
Kotchen Theodore A TA Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Hypertension guidelines provide up-to-date information and recommendations for hypertension management to healthcare providers, and they facilitate translation of new knowledge into clinical practice. Guidelines represent consensus statements by expert panels, and the process of guideline development has inherent vulnerabilities. Between 1977 and 2003, under the direction of the National Institutes ...
Menchik Daniel A DA Department of Sociology and Lyman Briggs College, Michigan State University, 919 East Shaw Lane, Rm E-35, East Lansing, MI 48825, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over the last half century, changes in the structure of medicine have shifted the relationship between the profession of medicine and social institutions. In this paper, I uncover ideas for retheorizing this relationship by analyzing a review by Georg Simmel that has been previously overlooked. In an analytical overview and ...
Shaikh Abdul R AR PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, McLean, VA, United States. - - 2014
Biomedicine is undergoing a revolution driven by high throughput and connective computing that is transforming medical research and practice. Using oncology as an example, the speed and capacity of genomic sequencing technologies is advancing the utility of individual genetic profiles for anticipating risk and targeting therapeutics. The goal is to ...
Judge S M SM National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Middlesex TW11 0LW, UK. Electronic address: - - 2013
The discipline of radionuclide metrology at national standards institutes started in 1913 with the certification by Curie, Rutherford and Meyer of the first primary standards of radium. In early years, radium was a valuable commodity and the aim of the standards was largely to facilitate trade. The focus later changed ...
Omenn Gilbert S - - 2013
The Institute of Medicine of the US National Academy of Sciences issued a major report in 2012 that provides important guidance for the proteomics community for credible and transparent development of all kinds of omics-based diagnostic and prognostic tests. The key elements are summarized here to provide a compass that ...
Moore Simas Tiffany A TA Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, University of Massachusetts Medical School/UMass Memorial Health Care, Worcester, MA, - - 2013
In 2009, the Institute of Medicine revised gestational weight gain recommendations; revisions included body mass index (BMI) category cut-point changes and provision of range of gain for obese women. Our objective was to examine resident prenatal caregivers' knowledge of revised guidelines. Anonymous electronic survey of obstetrics/gynecology and family medicine residents ...
Desalu O O OO Department of Medicine ,University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the factors that affect the interest in respiratory medicine (RM) as a subspecialty of choice among internal medicine residents in Nigeria. Subjects, This was a cross-sectional study of 136 internal medicine residents recruited from seven teaching hospitals from January 2011 to June ...
Pockett Charissa R - - 2013
Abnormalities of intestinal rotation (IRA) are commonly associated with heterotaxy syndrome (HS). There is controversy whether asymptomatic infants with HS require screening for IRA and if present, whether a prophylactic Ladd procedure is indicated. The objective of this study is to determine institutional practice across North America in the management ...
Tan B - - 2013
Sports medicine is a relatively new subspecialty in Singapore. This commentary chronicles its evolution in Singapore from 1969, through various milestones, to the present day. The first sports medicine clinic in Singapore was established in 1971 at Farrer Park. Notable institutions that followed include the Sports Medicine and Research Centre ...
Polo Valentina - - 2013
Thymic malignancies are relatively uncommon tumours that display significant clinical, pathological, and molecular heterogeneity. Their management requires a multidisciplinary approach; because of their rarity, current indications are based on data from smaller, mostly institutional, series or retrospective analyses and controversies still exist. This article focuses on the principles of treatment ...
Keshavarz Marzieh - - 2013
Recurrent droughts in arid and semi-arid regions are already rendering agricultural production, mainstay of subsistence livelihoods, uncertain. In order to mitigate the impact of drought, agricultural organizations must increase their capacity to adapt. Institutional adaptation refers to the creation of an effective, long-term government institution or set of institutions in ...
Bettini Y - - 2013
Urban water systems will be increasingly challenged under future climates and global pressures. Meeting challenges by reconfiguring water systems to integrate supplies and deliver multifunctional uses is technically well described. Adjusting the institutions that frame the management of these systems is not well operationalized in practice or conceptualized in theory. ...
Bayala Zwafur A V - - 2013
This retrospective study, conducted in 26 African countries where French is the first or second language, identified the postsecondary educational institutions teaching disaster medicine. This subject is taught in various institutions in 7 of the 26 countries (27%), including 3 of 47 colleges, 1 of 6 institutes, 1 military health ...
Keeling David - - 2013
Despite the availability of comprehensive evidence-based guidelines there are difficult and controversial areas in the management of venous thromboembolism. Institutions and even countries disagree on the importance of calf vein thrombosis, with some rigorously detecting and treating it and others deliberately not looking for it. The need to treat proximal ...
- - 2013
Repackaging Cigarettes - Will the Courts Thwart the FDA? Perspective, N Engl J Med 2012;367:2065-2067. In the first sentence of the article (page 2065), "August 12, 2012" should have been "August 15, 2012," and "mouth ulcers" should have been "mouth cancer." Also, in the reference list (page 2067), reference 5 ...
McPhee Derek J - - 2013
Molecules has started to institute a "Best Paper" award to recognize the most outstanding papers in the area of natural products, medicinal chemistry and molecular diversity published in Molecules. We are pleased to announce the second "Molecules Best Paper Award" for 2013.
Young Benjamin - - 2013
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) has published a set of eight standards for guideline development groups (GDGs) to derive trustworthy clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). We investigated the adherence of these IOM guidelines to its own standards. The IOM document passed two of its own standards ("GDG-Systematic Review Team Interaction" and ...
Vardell Emily - - 2013
The Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Practice Database offers systematic reviews, practice recommendations, and consumer information designed to support evidence-based practice. A sample search was conducted within the Ovid platform to demonstrate functionality and available tools.
Okamoto Hideki - - 2013
Glossodynia is often refractory to conventional medicine, and there is only limited evidence to guide clinicians in its management. Patients with refractory glossodynia are often introduced to Japanese traditional herbal (Kampo) medicine experts under such circumstances because Kampo medicine has become known in Japan to be effective in treating a ...
Hirt Miroslav - - 2013
This paper presents the most important historical facts about all forensic medicine workplaces in the Czech Republic since the beginning till present day, including a perspective on how to establish a new one. Each of the University Forensic Medicine Institutes or district Departments is covered by at least one author. ...
Andrew Moore R - - 2013
The characteristic of a biomarker that makes it a useful surrogate is the ability to identify a high risk of clinically important benefits or harms occurring in the future. A number of definitions or descriptions of surrogate definition have been put forward. Most recently the Institute of Medicine of the ...
Humphrey Kathryn L - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To examine the current radiographic follow-up recommendations of thoracic radiologists after detection of a new opacity, suspected to be "pneumonia," on chest radiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: An anonymized, Institutional Review Board-approved, Internet-based survey was sent to the 735 members of the Society of Thoracic Radiology by e-mail. Questions focused ...
Zhu Qinghua - - 2012
We hypothesize a model where domestic and international institutional pressures lead to the successful implementation of ISO 9000 and can in turn lead to the successful implementation of environmental management systems such as ISO 14001 environmental certification systems or total quality environmental management (TQEM) systems. Using appropriate tests for mediation ...
Nivet Marc A - - 2012
There is prolific evidence of a commitment to diversifying student and faculty populations in academic medicine, but far less evidence of its effectiveness. The social justice underpinning of this commitment is important and must continue to undergird diversity and inclusion efforts. In today's environment of pinched resources, however, moral arguments ...
Lauter Frank-Roman - - 2012
Frank-Roman Lauter, Secretary General of the recently launched Regenerative Medicine Coalition, explains how the coalition was formed and what they hope to achieve. Frank-Roman Lauter has served as Secretary General of the Regenerative Medicine Coalition since 2012, and as Head of Business Development at Berlin-Brandenburg Center for Regenerative Therapies since ...
Smith Daryl G - - 2012
Today, most agree that the health care system in the United States is in need of reform and that existing health disparities have huge implications for both that system and society as a whole. As a result, academic medicine has come to play a central role in addressing health disparities ...
Widnes Sofia Frost - - 2012
PURPOSE: To explore risk perception and medicines information needs in pregnant women with epilepsy (WWE). METHOD: In-depth interviews with pregnant WWE treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). RESULTS: Ten women aged 22-39 years in 20-34 weeks' gestation were interviewed. Avoiding seizures by taking AEDs in pregnancy outweighed perceived risks, but dose ...
McGregor Alyson J - - 2012
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2012; 19:000-000 © 2012 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine ABSTRACT: The Institute of Medicine has stated that analyzing data according to sex and gender may change practices used by clinicians and taught in medical education. Gender-specific medicine embraces the concept that differences between men and ...
Lindemann Hilde - - 2012
The Women's Movement has greatly benefitted women in the workplace. What about in their encounters with medicine? This paper reviews the history of physicians' attitudes toward women and then considers three contemporary areas of medicine in particular: health research relevant to women, health policies, and women's success at working their ...
Sibbritt David - - 2012
The existing knowledge base on the use of complementary and alternative medicine among patients with allergies is built upon findings of cross-sectional surveys and there is a lack of longitudinal data. There is also a lack of studies that examine both the use of conventional medicine and complementary and alternative ...
- - 2012
While new clinical management guidelines promise better treatment outcomes for women with obstetric fistula, more needs to be done to prevent this debilitating condition in the first place. Felicity Thompson reports from Sierra Leone.
Review Editors Nuclear Medicine - - 2012
On the 9th of February, the first Central-Eastern Europeannuclear medicine laboratory equipped with an Alcyone DiscoveryNM 530 cardiac scanner was opened in the Military Institute ofMedicine in Warsaw.
Giammarioli Anna Maria - - 2012
Background. Gender medicine is a multi-faceted field of investigation integrating various aspects of psycho-social and biological sciences but it mainly deals with the impact of the gender on human physiology, pathophysiology, and clinical features of diseases. In Italy, the Decree Law 81/2008 recently introduced the gender issue in the risk ...
McPhee Derek J - - 2012
Molecules starts to institute the "Best Paper" award to recognize these outstanding papers in the area of natural products, medicinal chemistry and molecular diversity published in Molecules. We are pleased to announce the first "Molecules Best Paper Award" for 2012. Nominations were selected by the editor-in-chief and selected editorial board ...
Maas Edwin - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the relative effects of random versus blocked practice schedules in treatment for childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Although there have been repeated suggestions in the literature to use random practice in CAS treatment, no systematic studies exist that have directly compared random with blocked practice in this ...
Melton M Stephen - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although there are extensive studies of postoperative and postdischarge nausea and vomiting (PONV/PDNV) up to 24 h, few investigate 'delayed PDNV'. With an increasing outpatient surgical population, specific 'delayed PDNV' risk identification and management is necessary for improving outcomes and helping patients after discharge. This review will discuss ...
Panda Gatikrushna - - 2011
Swetapradara is an important gynecological disorder nowadays. Most women in the reproductive age group complain about white discharge. Due to white discharge, they are prone to so many other symptoms, such as backache, itching in vulva, and burning micturition. According to Ayurveda, swetapradara is caused by the vitiation of Kapha ...
Yeo T J - - 2011
Atrioventricular (AV) block comprises a spectrum of cardiac conduction delays with varying clinical presentations. It is commonly encountered in both hospital as well as ambulatory settings, and recognition of the type of AV conduction delay is essential for appropriate subsequent management. The electrocardiogram is a key tool for identification of ...
- - 2011
Taste disturbance is a complication of an inferior alveolar nerve block, albeit rare.
Bornman P C PC Department of Surgery, University of Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2010
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is defined as a continuing inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterised by irreversible morphological changes, often associated with pain and with the loss of exocrine and/or endocrine function that may be clinically relevant. Alcohol is the predominant cause of CP in the western world and is particularly ...
Sillup George P - - 2010
After marketing tactics resulted in $1.2 billion fines, the 2002 PhRMA Code attempted to standardize marketing and sales practices. Self-regulation had varied success by other industries and by pharmaceutical industries in other countries. Similarly, the Code addressed negative responses about pharmaceutical's practices but had no provisions for monitoring violations. Representative's ...
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