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Rutkow Eric I - - 2004
In a little-remembered episode of American surgical history, more than 2 years before the nation's formal entry into World War I in April 1917, teams of surgeons and their support personnel had already been deployed in France. The surgeons' service at the Ambulance Américaine in Paris and at other smaller ...
Whitaker I S - - 2004
Medicinal leech therapy is an ancient craft that dates back to ancient Egypt and the beginnings of civilisation. The popularity of Hirudo Medicinalis has varied throughout history, reaching such a peak in Europe in the early 19th century that supplies were exhausted. During the latter half of the 19th century, ...
Centner Terence J - - 2004
Water pollution from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) led to revised federal regulations in the United States. The regulations provide for the greater management of potential sources of agricultural contamination and impose additional financial costs on producers. Along with a duty to secure a permit, significant changes address coverage of ...
Taylor Mark - - 2004
Not-for-profits will have someone else looking over their shoulder soon--the IRS. The new IRS commissioner overseeing tax-exempt organizations says his unit will look at executive compensation, and execs making more than $1 million are sure to get scrutiny. Healthcare tax lawyer Todd Greenwalt, left, says it's likely the IRS will ...
Sholl J Matthew - - 2004
As individuals increasingly recreate in wilderness settings, the medical community is faced with increasing numbers of injuries and illnesses occurring in remote and austere locations. In response to this, the specialized and dynamic field of wilderness medicine has developed to care for and counsel those participating in wilderness pursuits. This ...
Dargatz David A - - 2004
A national sample of cow-calf producers was contacted to participate in a study to describe selected calving management practices on operations throughout the United States. Information was gathered on calving season, frequency of dystocia, frequency of observation, timing of assistance, and calving facilities. Regional and herd size differences existed in ...
Lee Philip - - 2004
This paper reviewed the provincial, territorial, and state guidelines for the retention of treed riparian buffers after timber harvest in Canada and the United States. Comparisons amongst jurisdictions were facilitated through the use of a standardized template for the classification of waterbodies. Mean buffer widths varied from 15.1 to 29.0 ...
Latha B R - - 2004
The seasonal activity of ticks on sheep and goat populations was examined from December 2000 to November 2001 in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. This longitudinal study spread over four seasons and seven agroclimatic zones took into consideration the spectrum of species involved, the levels of infestations, the seasonal ...
Harel Zeev - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although adolescent health care training curricula for resident physicians have been developed during the past 2 decades, little is known about the orientation process to the adolescent medicine rotation. DESCRIPTION: Since 1996, we have incorporated a session consisting of 40 multiple-choice questions (MCQ) in the orientation process to our ...
Wing Paul - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Substantial changes in professional practice for physician assistants (PAs) occurred between 1992 and 2000. This paper describes a new professional practice index for the PA profession for 2000 that reflects current practice environments more accurately than did an index developed to reflect practice environments in 1992. In addition, the ...
Appel Jacob M - - 2004
This essay seeks to chronicle the controversy surrounding euthanasia that came to a head in the United States around 1906, and to situate that debate in a meaningful historical context. An extensive examination of newspaper coverage of the legislative proposals to legalize the practice in Ohio and Iowa reveals that ...
Classen David - - 2004
Clearly a wakeup call for the healthcare industry, the IOM report of 2000 To Err Is Human now appears to have been a sentinel event, at least in the United States (Institute of Medicine 1999). Given that the practice of medicine in the United States is, in many ways, very ...
Zuraw Bruce L - - 2003
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by recurrent episodes of angioedema, and caused by a deficiency of the plasma protein C1 inhibitor. HAE attacks carry a substantial risk of morbidity or even mortality, making it imperative that the correct diagnosis be established and an appropriate management plan ...
Tarakeshwar Nalini - - 2003
The authors examined religious practices of Hindus in the United States and developed measures of their religious pathways. Based on reviews of the psychology of religion, Hindu literature, and interviews with Hindus (N=15), 4 religious pathways were identified: devotion, ethical action, knowledge, and physical restraint/yoga. Items reflecting these pathways were ...
Halvorson William L - - 2003
This case study details the difficulties of landscape management, highlighting the challenges inherent in managing natural resources when multiple agencies are involved, when the land users have no incentive for conservation, and when government agencies have too few resources for effective management. Pumping of groundwater from the aquifer of La ...
Cunningham James K - - 2003
AIMS: To determine whether the federal regulation of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, precursors used in illicit methamphetamine production, reduced methamphetamine-related acute care hospital admissions. DESIGN: ARIMA-intervention time-series analysis. SETTING: California (1983-2000), Arizona and Nevada (1991-2000), USA. MEASUREMENTS: Monthly counts of methamphetamine-related acute care hospital admissions. INTERVENTIONS: Bulk powder ephedrine and pseudoephedrine: ...
Spiegel Allen D - - 2003
James McHenry emigrated from Ireland to the American colonies in 1771. He studied medicine with Dr. Benjamin Rush in Philadelphia and immediately volunteered as an Army surgeon when the Revolutionary War began. After serving in the medical department in Massachusetts, New York and at Valley Forge in Pennsylvania, he became ...
Schmidt Robert A - - 2003
ABSTRACT The effective management of fusiform rust in slash and loblolly pine plantations is a major success story for disease management scientists and practitioners in the southeastern United States. This disease, which reached epidemic proportions by the 1960s, resulted from anthropogenic causes associated with intensive pine culture and greatly inhibited ...
Anderson Robert L - - 2003
ABSTRACT The forest landscape of the United States has changed over time, as has public concern for the trees, water, and wildlife. Early in the history of the United States, forests were viewed as an encumbrance and an inexhaustible resource, used to meet the needs of a growing nation. Around ...
Wendin Göran - - 2003
We review some basic facts about qubits and qubit processing. After a brief survey of solid-state qubits, we focus on quantized electrical circuits and superconducting qubits based on Josephson junctions. We review the general framework and indicate how the various qubits, such as the superconducting Cooper pair box charge qubit, ...
Ponce-Díaz G - - 2003
The influence of the lunar phases on the catch-per-unit effort (CPUE) of the striped marlin (Tetrapturus audax) captured by the Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico sport-fishing fleet from October 1987 to June 1989 was analyzed. The information is from 3,377 fishing trips by 13 vessels that represent about ...
Shenoy Savitha - - 2003
Working practice in neonatal units, like other medical and surgical specialties, is undergoing drastic changes to incorporate current legal and ethical requirements. We surveyed the current working practices of 60 neonatal units in this country. Consent appeared to be implied for routine procedures. Variable rates of consent were reported for ...
Schulman Christine Smith - - 2003
In the United States, more than $16 billion annually is spent managing patients with severe sepsis and its sequelae. Insight into the inflammatory response, endothelial tissue, and the coagulation cascade suggest promising new treatment regimens that limit morbidity and mortality due to sepsis and multisystem organ failure. This article will ...
Rimkiene Silvija - - 2003
Wild pansy (Viola tricolor L.) has a history in folk medicine of helping respiratory problems such as bronchitis, asthma, and cold symptoms. The drugs and extracts are prepared from raw material of pansy; it is a component of some prepared antitussives, cholagogues, dermatological medicines, roborants and tonics, alternatives, and anti-phlebitis ...
Singh Iqbal - - 2003
The implications of management of stuck JJ stents in solitary functioning renal units has not been adequately addressed to in English literature. We have presented the management of such a case of 'overlooked trapped JJ stent' in a solitary functioning renal unit. Retrograde removal was safely accomplished by using the ...
Keller Thomas M - - 2002
On September 9, 2000, California celebrated its sesquicentennial anniversary of its admission to the United States. One hundred years ago, in September of 1901, Harvey Cushing began his surgical practice in Baltimore, Maryland. The proximity of these dates presents an auspicious moment for a review of the careers of three ...
Lass Piotr - - 2002
This article overviews the training of nuclear medicine technologists in chosen European countries, the United States and Canada. There are basically two types of training: at medical schools following secondary school, without any university degree, usually on a 2- or 3-year basis, or else as a university course, leading to ...
Choo Richard - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate practice patterns of the management of stage I seminoma of testis in Canada and a selected group in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Survey among radiation oncologists treating genitourinary (GU) tumors in Canada and the RTOG GU committee members in the United States between January and ...
Harter James K - - 2002
Based on 7,939 business units in 36 companies, this study used meta-analysis to examine the relationship at the business-unit level between employee satisfaction-engagement and the business-unit outcomes of customer satisfaction, productivity, profit, employee turnover, and accidents. Generalizable relationships large enough to have substantial practical value were found between unit-level employee ...
Grebowski Lucinda S - - 2002
The overlap between the Family and Medical Leave Act and state leave laws can create complications. Employers, particularly those with multistate operations, may wish to consider an outsourced absence management system, which can remove the burden of day-to-day administration and the need to stay abreast of changing state regulations. However, ...
Fagerström K - - 2002
Tobacco smoking is a common pathogen in the chest unit. There is evidence that patients with COPD are more dependent and have more difficulties in achieving abstinence than healthy smokers. This paper suggests a protocol that can help the chest physician to manage the smokers. It is presented in the ...
Leschber R - - 2002
This report comprises the present sludge management practices with special view to agricultural utilization in the European Union and some accessing countries in eastern Europe in comparison with countries from Asia, the United States of America, South Africa and Australia. Information is given on the respective legislation and on future ...
Appel Arthur G - - 2002
The smokybrown cockroach, Periplaneta fuliginosa (Serville), has become an increasingly important peridomestic pest throughout much of the southeastern United States, Japan, and southeast Asia. We provide a brief description of the species and clarify its worldwide distribution. Aspects of smokybrown cockroach behavior, biology, ecology, and physiology are discussed in the ...
Saravanan V S - - 2002
Community-based watershed management (CBWM) has gained prominence in developing world towards integrated resource management for livelihood enhancement of the poor, due to failure of large-scale river valley projects. This paradigm shift has enabled to narrow the divide between the state and community, and marks a beginning for the State towards ...
Duenas Richard - - 2002
This review was conducted to analyze the law for the practice of chiropractic throughout the United States, including the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, to determine the legal ability of the Doctor of Chiropractic in each jurisdiction to provide primary care service as described by ...
Yager Joel - - 2002
In March 2002 New Mexico passed the first state statute permitting the development of a process leading to prescriptive authority for doctoral level psychologists who obtain requisite training and certification. This article reviews the background of these events, the political processes by which this expanded scope of practice for psychologists ...
Bonvicino C R - - 2002
Karyologic analysis of Thrichomys specimens from different Brazilian localities, in Pantanal, Cerrado and Caatinga biomes, shows different chromosome complements. The 2n = 34, FN = 64 karyotype is found in Mato Grosso do Sul state; the 2n = 30, FN = 54 karyotype in Bahia, Pernambuco, Piauí and Ceará states; ...
Thompson W E - - 2001
Recently Thorson and Powell reported in this journal that morticians scored significantly lower on a multidimensional sense of humor scale than another group of similarly aged men from other occupations. These findings differ markedly with some in 1991 from a 2-yr. ethnographic study conducted with morticians and funeral directors in ...
Good M J - - 2001
This essay discusses three interpretive concepts that link bioscience and biotechnology to society: the medical imaginary, the biotechnical embrace, and the clinical narrative. Drawing on research carried out in the United States and internationally on the culture and political economy of biomedicine, the essay examines these interpretive concepts through examples ...
Roberts C M - - 2001
Marine reserves have been widely promoted as conservation and fishery management tools. There are robust demonstrations of conservation benefits, but fishery benefits remain controversial. We show that marine reserves in Florida (United States) and St. Lucia have enhanced adjacent fisheries. Within 5 years of creation, a network of five small ...
Cote L G - - 2001
PURPOSE: To review the classification, epidemiology, pathophysiology, differential diagnosis, and medical management of osteoarthritis. DATA SOURCES: Selected studies, review articles, rheumatology primers, and clinical practice guidelines. CONCLUSIONS: Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and the second most common cause of long-term disability among adults in the United States. ...
Dargatz D A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis infection among cows on beef operations in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional seroprevalence study. Sample Population-A convenience sample of 380 herds in 21 states. PROCEDURES: Serum samples were obtained from 10,371 cows and tested for antibodies to M avium subsp ...
Green T - - 2001
The control of syphilis in the United Kingdom and United States has been managed in different ways in each country over the course of the last century. Older more established measures including contact tracing, serological surveillance, and health education strategies together with effective antibiotic therapy have had some success. However, ...
Roberts G D - - 2001
CR is a useful tool for the equine veterinarian and has many advantages. Its only major disadvantage is the initial cost, in dollars and time, for setup in one's practice. CR is already in use at several universities and private practices in the United States and around the world. In ...
Cluett E R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) examining the effect of three options (augmentation, conservative and water) for the management of dystocia in nulliparae. The main objectives were to explore the feasibility of trial procedures in the clinical environment, consent rates and acceptability of the management ...
Laurence J - - 2001
In 1999, the AIDS program conducted a survey of more than 1,000 patients in Sao Paulo [Brazil]. It found that 69 percent achieved 80 percent adherence, which means they took their medicine properly 80 percent of the time. According to Margaret Chesney, a professor of medicine at the University of ...
Davis M P - - 2001
For any palliative medicine inpatient unit to be economically viable, certain management metrics need to be followed. Palliative medicine can provide both a compassionate and economical service within the current acute inpatient hospital environment. In this article, we will review the administrative and financial factors we have identified that influence ...
Scott J - - 2001
First Pacific Corporation (FPC) has worked with dental practices since 1961, providing personal services that optimize practice performance. In addition to being the premier service provider for administrative tasks in dental offices, they supply state-of-the-art hardware and accounts receivable management software. FPC designs and teaches practice development strategies, deliver on-site ...
Lee K S - - 2001
Uses a dance metaphor in describing pastoral practice. Describes multicultural realities of the United States and argues for the multicultural competencies in the practice of ministry. Details three challenges to overcome: 1) unintentional racism, 2) making visible the invisibility of monoculturalism and "Whiteness," and 3) embracing the complexity of multicultural ...
Brodie M J - - 2001
Localization-related epilepsy, the most common type of seizure disorder, often provides major management problems. Five new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) with different mechanisms of action have been licensed in the United Kingdom in the 1990s for adjunctive use in the management of poorly controlled partial seizures. These were, in chronologic order, ...
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