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Results 201 - 250 of 309
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Adams A K - - 1999
Today's Royal Colleges can be traced to the guilds that arose during the 13th and 14th centuries. They fulfil similar roles: to maintain the highest standards of practice, professional integrity and self-regulation. This paper traces the development of the Royal Colleges, together with the emergence of specialisation within medicine, with ...
Lukoff D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic analysis of case reports involving religious or spiritual issues published between 1980 and 1996. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, the National Library of Medicine's bibliographic database covering the fields of medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and the preclinical sciences. STUDY SELECTION: A search of 4,306,906 records indexed ...
Booth B - - 1998
A set of standards for Australian general practices has been developed through a 4 year project conducted by The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners. An orderly, iterative process was adopted to ensure comprehensive consultation with general practitioners, other health professionals, consumers and governments. The draft standards were field tested ...
Klippel J H - - 1998
Over the past decade, cytotoxic drugs have come to assume an increasingly important role in the management of systemic lupus erythematosus. Intravenous cyclophosphamide has become the standard treatment for lupus affecting major organs, in particular lupus nephritis. Cytotoxics with less potential for adverse side effects such as azathioprine and methotrexate ...
Gambill C - - 1998
Anecdotal and statistical sources attest that many hospital-owned physician practices are either losing money or breaking even. This is alarming for not only hospital-owned practices, but stand-alone practices, too. However, careful review of standard billing and coding practice procedures and policies, among other things, can help reverse that trend.
Hays R - - 1998
The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners has spent 4 years developing a set of entry standards which define the minimum features of general practices expected for the mid-1990s. The project design followed a slow, iterative process, with several opportunities for wide consultation with professional, consumer and Government groups. The ...
Corwin H M - - 1998
The diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is confirmed by electrodiagnostic testing. Practice parameters for electrodiagnostic testing of CTS have been defined in a summary statement published by the American Academy of Neurology, the American Association of Electrodiagnostic Medicine, and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. All members ...
Fitzgerald L - - 1998
Focuses on the critical role played by professionals in the management of healthcare institutions in the UK and Canada. Using empirical data, examines the structural models of clinical management, the roles of clinical managers and their relationships with colleague professionals. Compares the approaches taken in the UK and Canada, and ...
Millington M J MJ Louisiana State University Medical Center, Department of Rehabilitation, 1900 Gravier St., New Orleans, LA 70112-2262, - - 1998
Successful disability management practice is a systemic approach to vocational rehabilitation that begins with planning at the organizational level. A strategic planning format is used to outline the basic tenets of planning and, through its description, describe the unique approach to workplace intervention disability management has to offer. A case ...
Keil O R - - 1997
In summary, the entire JCAHO manual is built around the concept of "know thyself." This expectation creates the need to engage in a substantial rework of existing practices to remove communication barriers and to eliminate turf warfare. The focus of the standards is on the patient. All aspects of the ...
Popper S E - - 1997
The need for the U.S. Air Force (USAF) to know its personnel's fitness for duty and readiness status is one of the most significant criteria for determining their ability to complete the missions assigned to them. This is especially critical in the current milieu of increasing deployments. However, the USAF ...
Pietrzak W S - - 1997
With time, more and more types of medical devices become available to assist the surgeon in managing patients. Bioabsorbable fixation devices, which have been directed toward the orthopedic surgeon over the past 10 years, are but one example. One aim of this article is to present the current status of ...
Feldman W - - 1997
Fetal medicine is the practice of medicine where the patient is the fetus. The traditional activities of clinical medicine: prevention, screening, diagnosis, and therapy are directed at decreasing, identifying and treating fetal disease. Examples of successful preventative, screening, diagnostic and therapeutic maneuvers involving the fetus are presented. A plea is ...
Goudey R E - - 1997
Tattooists at a random sample of registered tattooing premises were surveyed for self-reported compliance with infection-control practices specified in the Victorian Standards of practice for tattooing, and some were observed while tattooing. Of 35 respondents, 94 per cent reported that they believed their practice fully met the standards, yet 19 ...
Young J M - - 1997
In restructuring from a departmental to a program management model, BC Rehab successfully developed the role of professional practice leader to address clinical standards of practice and other concerns related to individual disciplines. A review of the role of professional practice leader is presented. Practice leaders are in a unique ...
Miller F H - - 1996
Physicians concerned about being sued for medical malpractice for following (or deviating from) a clinical practice guideline written by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) or otherreputable group should keep in mind one general principle: "Good medicine is good law." In other words, if a physician follows a course of ...
Johnson P A - - 1996
To ensure that a housekeeping department operates smoothly, various standards must be established and applied. Standards serve as a guide to quality and quantity. The standards will be determined cooperatively by members of top management with input from the housekeeping director and the user department. An appraisal of the facility ...
Eastman N - - 1996
Inquiries into homicides committed by psychiatric patients are currently mandatory under Department of Health guidance. They are often broadly defined in their terms of reference and almost always address not only the cause of the incident but also professional skill, practice, and culpability. Concurrent pursuit of both purposes is unlikely ...
Cave D R - - 1996
This article reviews the role on intraoperative enteroscopy (IOE) in the management and evaluation of patients with chronic transfusion-dependent gastrointestinal bleeding who have not responded to standard diagnostic and therapeutic techniques. Intraoperative enteroscopy may be performed with a standard or pediatric colonoscope, push enteroscope, or a sonde enteroscope at the ...
Hertz E - - 1996
This article is based on the current draft of a new AAMI equipment management standard (AAMI EQ56). Until now, no documentation has clearly specified the requirements for an equipment management program. At the time of the writing of this article, a February 1996 Committee Draft of the new standard was ...
de Groot A N AN Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The - - 1996
The standard practice during the third stage of labour of Dutch midwives and obstetricians was elucidated by a questionnaire mailed to all Dutch midwives and obstetricians. Prophylactic oxytocics in the third stage are used as a routine by 55% of the obstetricians and only 10% of the midwives. Oxytocin is ...
Pearle M S - - 1996
Despite the widespread practice of endopyelotomy for the management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction, the optimal conditions for ureteral healing after endoincision remain largely untested. Current recommendations for the use of large-caliber graduated endopyelotomy stents and a 6-week duration of stenting are being challenged by recent reports of successful outcomes with ...
- - 1996
This scope of practice in audiology statement is an official policy of the American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA). The document was developed by the ASHA Ad Hoc Committee on the Scope of Practice in Audiology and approved in 1995 by the Legislative Council (8-95). Members of the ad hoc committee ...
Bradley J - - 1995
In the 1994 Accreditation Manual for Hospitals, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations published ten standards relating to the management of information. Using Andrew Abbott's systems theory of professions, the article compares the views of information management that were prevalent in hospitals before the publication of the standards ...
Larson D A - - 1995
We distributed a questionnaire on radiosurgery patterns of practice to members of the International Stereotactic Radiosurgery Society (ISRS). Responses were obtained from physicians at 52 facilities, who had treated more than 13,000 patients. Most respondents were found to work within a multidisciplinary team, and averaged 17.3 specialist-hours devoted per patient ...
Heim S E - - 1995
Since January 1994, northern Illinois has experienced a significant increase in litigation, which has been directly related to the lack of FDA approval of pedicle screw devices, and the adverse media attention to the FDA's actions. These activities coupled with those of the Public Citizen Health Research Group's have had ...
McGrann J M - - 1995
The Standardized Performance Analysis (SPA) for stocker/feed cattle is a recommended set of production and financial performance analysis guidelines developed specifically for the grazing, growing, and finishing phases of beef cattle production. Guidelines were developed by members of the National Cattlemen's Association (NCA), Extension Specialists, and the National Integrated Resource ...
- - 1995
With the recent publication and enforcement of its Environment of Care (EC) standards, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) has completed a 10-year transition from having no security standards, to promulgating vague standards buried under plant management, to (in 1995) specific standards enforced by specific survey guidelines ...
Ricord L C - - 1995
The 1994 edition of the Accreditation Manual for Hospitals contains the first release of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' new standards for information management. These standards reflect the Joint Commission's vision of how hospitals should be managing one of their key corporate assets: information. The article focuses ...
Gautam V - - 1995
The change in knowledge resulting from formal training in trauma management on two different courses was examined. Seventy-four doctors and a control group were included in this prospective study over a 2-year period. They represented participants on two Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) courses and four induction courses for junior ...
Melville E - - 1995
The UKCC's proposals for PREP take effect on April 1, 1995. There are three major proposals: preceptor support; maintenance of effective registration and standard-setting for post-registration courses. There are four requirements for maintaining effective registration: notification of practice; return to practice programmes; five days of study every three years; and ...
Armstrong E P - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To report the current status of pharmacy practice in Japan. DATA SOURCES: Published conference reports, journal articles, human resource consultation with medical and pharmacy practitioners, and site visitation by the authors. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS: Data on areas related to Japanese history, practice of pharmacy, and professional innovations were ...
Versavel M - - 1995
The working team 'EEG in Phase I' of the Collegium Internationale Psychiatriae Scalarum presents a standard operating procedure (SOP) for the registration and computer-supported evaluation of pharmaco-EEG data, which is based on published guidelines. The minimum standard for recording, amplifying and filtering, validation of hardware and software, artifact treatment and ...
McLure M L - - 1995
As capitation becomes a more common method of paying providers, healthcare financial managers must determine if these payments are being made correctly. The reconciliation process under capitation contracts is new for most financial managers. Standard industry conventions for payers and providers are needed to reduce the associated administrative costs for ...
- - 1994
This paper, which has been reviewed and approved by the Board of Directors of the American Sleep Disorders Association, provides the background for the Standards of Practice Committee's practice parameters for the practice of sleep medicine in North America. An office-based surgical procedure, laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP), has recently been promoted ...
Mayworm D - - 1994
The results of a survey of product standards committees conducted by the JOURNAL OF HEALTHCARE MATERIEL MANAGEMENT show that most hospitals have such a committee, chaired by the materiel manager. Despite the fact that respondents named 49 different disciplines as possible members of the committees and 100% attendance is experienced ...
Fleuren M - - 1994
A postal questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 495 Dutch general practitioners (GPs) and 278 midwives to evaluate the use of the 'imminent miscarriage' standard used by the Dutch College of General Practitioners. The response rates were 63 and 87% respectively. The first questions asked related to the ...
Nicks R - - 1994
Between 1914 and 1994, Australian surgery has undergone a period of unique growth and scientific revolution. It has been influenced by the effects of two world wars, two lesser engagements in Asia (Korea and Vietnam) and vast developments and social changes in the Australian Commonwealth. The pioneer surgeon, whose background ...
Woolf P L - - 1994
Standard clinical abbreviations useful to optometric practitioners are provided. This list contains terms that should be used in the examination, diagnosis and management of patients and serve in inter- and intra-professional communications.
Foltz M B - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain hospital nutrition screening and assessment practices and the need for additional resources to facilitate these processes. DESIGN: A survey questionnaire was developed to ascertain screening protocols, assessment procedures and tools, relevant training and research needs, and respondent characteristics. SAMPLE: The survey was sent to 988 members of ...
Werner M - - 1993
After a variety of regulatory and payment schemes have failed to stem the rising tide of health care cost, the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 mandates the creation of a system of decision rules called practice parameters for appropriate medical action in many circumstances. A large body of practice ...
Spath P L - - 1993
It is unlikely the quality management program of the future will be able to effect quality improvements without sophisticated information management tools, one of which is the computer. While computerization is not required by the Joint Commission's Performance Assessment and Improvement Standard nor the Information Management Standard, both standards compel ...
Georgiev M - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Stab avulsion, largely employed for removal of superficial collateral varicosities, is generally considered unsuited for surgical removal of the varicose short saphenous vein. OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique of stab avulsion of the short saphenous vein and objectively validate it by demonstrating the exact site of short saphenous vein ...
- - 1993
This Principles and Practices Board project was undertaken in response to the frequent requests from HFMA members for a standard calculation of "days of revenue in receivables." The board's work on this project indicated that every element of the calculation required standards, which is what this statement provides. Since there ...
Lawless M A - - 1993
Reis-Bückler's dystrophy has been a difficult management problem with generally poor long-term results from the conventional treatment techniques of penetrating and lamellar keratoplasty. Phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) is now the standard method of managing this anterior corneal disease when intervention is required. We have treated nine eyes with Reis-Bückler's dystrophy, including ...
Abdel Kader H Z - - 1993
This study was conducted at 4 of the H.I.O. polyclinics in Alex. with the objective of examining the change in visit rate per 1000 beneficiaries for general medicine specialty at H.I.O. clinics during a 4-year period (1985-1988) and to detect any trends that may have a bearing on the H.I.O. ...
Sasse E A - - 1992
The Subcommittee on Reference Intervals of the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) has recently completed a proposed guideline, NCCLS Document C28-P, entitled "How to Define, Determine, and Utilize Reference Intervals in the Clinical Laboratory." This guideline document is an attempt to combine a concise set of procedures and ...
Gardner J F - - 1992
Regulations and voluntary standards within the context of organizational design and mission as well as leadership in management for quality were discussed. Rules and regulations are closely associated with the structure and mission of the organization. Altering them may require fundamental redesign of organizational structure and purpose. Likewise, alterations in ...
Edge K R - - 1992
Management of the patient with a full stomach ideally requires an anaesthetist with many hands--to cope with laryngoscopy, suction and intubation. The design of a standard McIntosh laryngoscope blade was modified to include a suction port. This design change released one of the anaesthetist's hands for intubation. The prototype was ...
Goldberg J J - - 1992
Monthly bulk tank milk samples and veterinary records were analyzed for 1 yr on 15 Vermont dairy farms. Data were evaluated using ANOVA to compare effects of grazing management systems on milk quality and udder health. Systems evaluated were intensively managed rotational grazing, traditional continuous grazing, and confinement housing. Bulk ...
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