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Yin Chang Shik - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: 'Health for All by the Year of 2000' was a motto of the World Health Organization (WHO). The aim of this study was to briefly review recent efforts to standardize and improve traditional medicine including acupuncture with a focus on the WHO activities for the abovementioned motto, acupuncture and ...
D'Cunha Jonathan - - 2010
The enhancement of professionalism in surgery and medicine is an important goal for all healthcare providers, both at the individual level of the physician and at the large-scale level of the healthcare system. Recently, much has been written about the challenges in implementing the concept of professionalism within healthcare delivery. ...
Banja John - - 2010
Many serious medical errors result from violations of recognized standards of practice. Over time, even egregious violations of standards of practice may become "normalized" in healthcare delivery systems. This article describes what leads to this normalization and explains why flagrant practice deviations can persist for years, despite the importance of ...
Kolehmainen Niina N Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK. - - 2010
To review the literature on individual community professionals' caseload management (behaviours related to assessment, treatment and discharging of clients) to identify the main themes and concepts, and to synthesize the findings to inform practice, policy and research. Publications were systematically identified from electronic databases, hand searches of bibliographies, and contact ...
Seeberg-Elverfeldt Niels J - - 2009
This article discusses mail-order trade in medicines. It explains why this trade has developed and why there is a need for strict safety standards. The European Court of Justice obliged member states to allow such trade in non prescription medicines but did not specify any safety standards. The 2007 resolution ...
Boland Giles W L - - 2009
Considerable variation in radiologic procedures, protocols, policies, and workflows exists across the nation, sometimes even within departments. This lack of standardization fosters idiosyncratic behavior and outcomes, undermining the effort to implement best practices across institutions. The purpose of this article is to discuss the need for rapidly implementing recognized standards ...
McNamee M - - 2011
The manner in which healthcare and medical professionals serve their athlete patients is governed by a variety of relevant codes of conduct. A range of codified rules is presented that refer both the welfare of the patient and the maintaining of confidentiality, which is at the heart of trustworthy relations. ...
Holtman Matthew C - - 2011
Professionalism is at the heart of risk management in complex, dangerous work such as medicine, aviation, and military operations. Professionalism is closely connected to expertise and is therefore closely connected to the ability to prevent and mitigate errors. But there are two paradoxes in this connection. First, professionalism can increase, ...
Broekmans Frank J M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations for the standardized use of the Antral follicle count (AFC) which is used to predict ovarian response to gonadotrophin stimulation during assisted reproductive technology treatment. However, the nature of the follicles that are visualized by ultrasound and the competence of the oocytes held within are largely ...
- - 2009
Of the various sources of information about medicines used by healthcare professionals, the summary of product characteristics (SPC; sometimes abbreviated as SmPC) has a low profile, despite being a definitive document. This may be because many professionals do not know what an SPC is or what it contains. Here, we ...
Odunsi Suwebatu T ST Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (CENTER) Group, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2009
The measurement of gastrointestinal functions by the use of scintigraphy is established in clinical practice and research. The most commonly used test is the gastric-emptying test, which is acknowledged as the gold standard to measure gastric motility and is conducted according to a consensus statement from the national nuclear medicine ...
Carr Elizabeth A - - 2009
Nutritional supplementation is becoming the standard of practice in equine medicine, although there are minimal data on nutritional support in critically ill horses and its association or effect on morbidity and mortality or length of hospital stay. Horses can be fed orally and when that is not possible, intravenously or ...
Rosser K - - 2009
From 1 January 2007, the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine (IPEM) 2003 code of practice (COP) for electron dosimetry replaces the old air kerma-based Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine and Biology 1996 COP as the recommended protocol for the UK. The IPEM 2003 COP requires a ...
Biggs M J P - - 2009
AIMS: The Royal College of Pathologists (RCPath) has for several years published guidance on good autopsy practice. However, pressures such as time, cost and the introduction of the Human Tissue Act have generated suggestions that there is a discrepancy between the published guidelines and what can realistically be achieved in ...
Lipton-Dibner Wendy - - 2009
In an era in which healthcare practices are striving to provide better customer service, reduce staff turnover, increase referrals, and build stronger revenues, we need a standard of excellence upon which to base our expectations, model our behaviors, and hold our team members accountable. This article lays a foundation for ...
- - 2009
Although hospitals planning to install facilities that will use radioactive sources need not currently notify their national environment agency, the Environment Agency's senior manager for effective regulation of radioactive substances in England and Wales, Dr Chris Englefield, warned at the recent Healthcare Estates conference that subsequent failure to comply with ...
Spath Patrice L - - 2009
HIM professionals have always been actively involved in various aspects of healthcare quality management. In the decade since publication of To Err Is Human, the scope and volume of quality management activities have accelerated. Having quality at the forefront of the national agenda has inevitably created employment opportunities as well ...
Kawamoto Kensaku - - 2009
In recent years, the completion of the Human Genome Project and other rapid advances in genomics have led to increasing anticipation of an era of genomic and personalized medicine, in which an individual's health is optimized through the use of all available patient data, including data on the individual's genome ...
Benrimoj Shalom I - - 2009
In Australia, there are two categories of non-prescription medicines: pharmacy medicines and pharmacist only medicines. Standards were developed to define and describe the professional activities required for the provision of these medicines at a consistent and measurable level of practice. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to implement nationally a quality improvement ...
Celik Metin - - 2009
The International Safety Management (ISM) Code defines a broad framework for the safe management and operation of merchant ships, maintaining high standards of safety and environmental protection. On the other hand, ISO 14001:2004 provides a generic, worldwide environmental management standard that has been utilized by several industries. Both the ISM ...
Clauson Kevin A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Clinical decision support tools (CDSTs) on personal digital assistants (PDAs) and online databases assist healthcare practitioners who make decisions about dietary supplements. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the content of PDA dietary supplement databases and their online counterparts used as CDSTs. METHODS: A total of 102 question-and-answer pairs were ...
Thanawala V - - 2008
Management of acute and chronic pain has always been a key area of clinical research. Enkephalinase inhibitors (EIs) seem to be promising as therapeutic agents having antinociceptive action. They additionally possess anticraving, antidiarrhoeal and antidepressant actions. The antinociceptive action of EIs has been reported for over a decade however, their ...
Kongnyuy Eugene Justine - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess and improve the management of obstructed labour in maternity units in Malawi. METHODS: A criterion based audit of the management of obstructed labour was conducted in 8 hospitals in three districts in Malawi. Management practices were: (a) assessed by a retrospective review of 44 cases notes, and ...
Kongnyuy Eugene J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess and improve the management of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) in maternity units in Malawi. The main objective was to determine whether criteria-based audit can improve adherence to standards for the management of PPH. METHODS: We used a before-and-after design and univariate statistics ...
Duncan Diane Irvine - - 2008
The practice of injecting phosphatidylcholine/sodium deoxycholate compounds into subcutaneous fat is growing rapidly. As with any new procedure, a standard of practice should be developed so that practitioners maintain patient safety as the primary goal. Efficacy and predictability of outcome are another priority. As injection lipolysis, also known as "lipodissolve," ...
Diehm N - - 2008
In the era of evidence based medicine, proof of clinical benefits and cost-effectiveness need to be firmly based on transparent comparisons between various therapeutic alternatives. Standards for reports are a prerequisite for comparisons across reports and should reflect the patient's perspective. According standards have been successfully introduced in many fields ...
Triarico E - - 2008
Located at the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) headquarters in Melbourne, Victoria, this internationally significant collection was founded in 1935 by renowned Australian anaesthetist Dr Geoffrey Kaye (1903 to 1986). Although it has always been referred to as a museum, it lacked the necessary management structure and ...
Chang C L - - 2009
It is significant to arrange suitable design and placement of best management practices (BMPs) for reaching the aim that can not only satisfy environmental quality standards, but also decrease the total cost of BMPs. This study applied WinVAST model to predict watershed responses. The objective of this work was to ...
Pession A - - 2008
Advanced Multicenter Research (AMR) is a Web-based information technology infrastructure, fully integrated to manage every single part of a clinical trial, but with 'independent' and 'customizable' components to wholly meet each team's requirements. The AIEOP group utilizes AMR for the management and analyses of the majority of the expected nationwide ...
Phitayakorn R - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The risk factors and incidence of anastomotic leak following colorectal surgery are well reported in the literature. However, the management of the multiple clinical scenarios that may be encountered has not been standardized. METHODS: The medical literature from 1973 to 2007 was reviewed using PubMed for papers relating to ...
Bollettino Vincenzo - - 2008
Humanitarian organisations operate in increasingly hostile environments. Although authoritative statistics are scarce, anecdotal evidence suggests that aid workers face life-threatening risks that are exacerbated by the growing number of humanitarian organisations operating in the field, the diversity of their mandates, the lack of common professional security standards, and limited success ...
Savastano Mario - - 2008
The developing of innovative solutions in the emerging eHealth market requires strong economic efforts which may be justified only in presence of particularly suitable boundary conditions. Among the factors retained of primary importance for the development of eHealth, a correct approach to id-management is unanimously considered fundamental. Three keywords in ...
Chambers David W - - 2008
Practice refers to a characteristic way professionals use common standards to customize solutions to a range of problems. Practice includes (a) standards for outcomes and processes that are shared with one's colleagues, (b) a rich repertoire of skills grounded in diagnostic acumen, (c) an ability to see the actual and ...
Thornber Peter M - - 2008
Most Australian livestock are transported at some stage in their lives and the attendant risks must be managed. Like other countries, Australia has location-specific challenges for the land transport of animals that derive from general geography and history, quality of the road and rail systems, design of vehicles and handling ...
Stokes Emma K - - 2008
The purposes of this study were to examine changes in the use of standardized outcome measures by practising physiotherapists in Ireland and to compare those trends to the results of a similar survey conducted previously in Canada. A survey methodology was employed. The review of practice occurred at two points ...
Cajavilca Christian - - 2008
The electrocardiogram is one of the most commonly used diagnostic tools in healthcare. This ingenious device was developed and created in the early 1900s by Willem Einthoven, MD, PhD after studying the mechanisms of electromagnetism and Waller's capillary electrometer. Einthoven dedicated most of his research and clinical activities to improve ...
Hicks Elizabeth - - 2007
The cognitive styles of 113 practicing, professional accountants from Nova Scotia, Canada were examined using the Group Embedded Figures Test. They completed a demographic survey for descriptive information as well as their rank in the firm and preferred area of professional practice. Analysis suggested professional accountants tend to be more ...
Abell Thomas L - - 2008
This consensus statement from the members of the American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society and the Society of Nuclear Medicine recommends a standardized method for measuring gastric emptying (GE) by scintigraphy. A low-fat, egg-white meal with imaging at 0, 1, 2, and 4 h after meal ingestion, as described by a ...
Sahagia Maria - - 2008
The paper presents some recent results of the Radionuclide Metrology Laboratory (RML) from IFIN-HH, concerning the assurance of the international traceability for the measurement of (131)I solution aimed to continue the national chain for nuclear medicine applications in Romania. The following sequences of the traceability are presented: the absolute standardization ...
van Amstel Mariëtte - - 2007
We conducted a study to assess to what extent current ecolabels contain standards that stimulate conservation and sustainable use of on-farm biodiversity of agricultural landscapes (agrobiodiversity). First, we developed an agrobiodiversity management yardstick to assess and compare the labeling schemes of ecolabels for arable farming. Key characteristics of the yardstick ...
Benrimoj Shalom I - - 2008
There is a growing trend, globally, for consumers to self-medicate with non-prescription medications for common ailments. Pharmacists and pharmacy assistants are thought to be in a unique position to support consumers' purchases of these medicines through the application of knowledge and skills, in an environment in which safety and quality ...
Watrelot A - - 2007
In the case of tubal disease, selection of patients is critical to decide whether tubal surgery or IVF should be proposed as the therapeutic option. Selection is based on tubal lesions, including the aspect of tubal mucosa and tuboperitoneal environment. Therefore, non-invasive diagnostic methods have proved to be insufficient, and ...
Harvey Steven A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Delivery by a skilled birth attendant (SBA) serves as an indicator of progress towards reducing maternal mortality worldwide -- the fifth Millennium Development Goal. Though WHO tracks the proportion of women delivered by SBAs, we know little about their competence to manage common life-threatening obstetric complications. We assessed SBA ...
Love J - - 2007
The United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA) is in the process of identifying the long-term management strategy for radioactive particles in the environment. Application of the standard best practicable environmental option (BPEO) methodology to this issue is, however, complicated because particles reside in both the on-shore and off-shore environments. Methods ...
Fan Ruiping - - 2007
There is a prevailing conviction that if traditional medicine (TRM) or complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are integrated into healthcare systems, modern scientific medicine (MSM) should retain its principal status. This paper contends that this position is misguided in medical contexts where TRM is established and remains vibrant. By reflecting ...
- - 2007
This is the second of two articles reprinted with permission from: Practice guideline for breast conservation therapy in the management of invasive breast carcinoma. In: Practice Guidelines and Technical Standards. Reston, VA: American College of Radiology;2006:443-468. In this reprinting "G" in Section IV is available in the Online version only. ...
Skinner, Joan
In 1990 New Zealand midwives regained the legal right to practice autonomously Large numbers of midwives exited the hospital system to provide continuity of care both in the community and in the hospital. These midwives practise independently and are funded by the state to do so. The New Zealand College ...
Lafleur Gérald - - 2007
Pyramid traps, 2.44 m and 3.66 m in height, were compared with standard-sized pyramid traps, 1.22 m in height, to assess the impact of trap architecture on captures of adult plum curculio, Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in two apple (Malus spp.) orchards and a blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) planting. The ...
Griesser Michael - - 2007
In the boreal forests of Fennoscandia, over 99% of forest area has been altered by forestry practices, which has created forest with age structures and stand characteristics that differ from primary forest stands. Although many researchers have investigated how forestry affects species abundance, few have assessed how forestry practices affect ...
Georgiadis, Nicholas M.
Greece currently has no national forest certification standard. This paper explains how a draft forest management standard for Greece was developed to be compatible with both the Forest Stewardship Council and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes requirements. The draft standard was tested in two contrasting forest ...
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