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Anderson Peter P University of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, Newcastle, UK Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
To document the attitudes of general practitioners (GPs) from eight European countries to alcohol and alcohol problems and how these attitudes are associated with self-reported activity in managing patients with alcohol and alcohol problems. A total of 2345 GPs were surveyed. The questionnaire included questions on the GP's demographics, reported ...
Dougherty Donald M DM Psychiatry Department, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, NRLC MC 7793, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Research on contingency management to treat excessive alcohol use is limited due to feasibility issues with monitoring adherence. This study examined the effectiveness of using transdermal alcohol monitoring as a continuous measure of alcohol use to implement financial contingencies to reduce heavy drinking. Twenty-six male and female drinkers (from 21 ...
Wechwithan Sareeya S Health Product Vigilance Center, Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Public Health, 11000 Thailand; Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hatyai, Songkhla, 90110 - - 2014
Herbal containing medicine consumption has increased while the awareness of adverse drug reaction (ADR) was less than conventional medicine. Early detection of unexpected numbers of ADRs from herbal medicines' reports which are abnormal from the whole database needs quantification. Disproportionality analysis has been performed for signal detection by using reporting ...
Bezemer Karlijn D B KD Netherlands Forensic Institute, Department of Forensic Medicine, Laan van Ypenburg 6, 2490 AA The Hague, The - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of psychotropic medicines in drivers suspected of driving under the influence of medicinal and illicit drugs in The Netherlands and to compare the prevalence of selected impairing medicines with the use of these medicines in the general Dutch population. In ...
Kingsland Melanie - - 2013
Excessive alcohol consumption is responsible for considerable harm from chronic disease and injury. Within most developed countries, members of sporting clubs participate in at-risk alcohol consumption at levels above that of communities generally. There has been limited research investigating the predictors of at-risk alcohol consumption in sporting settings, particularly at ...
Barnard Ed - - 2013
We present a series of patients with profound metabolic acidosis admitted to the Role 3 Medical Treatment Facility, Camp Bastion, Afghanistan, in 2012. A police service breath alcohol analyser, calculation of the osmolar gap and urine microscopy assisted in diagnosing methanol poisoning. The challenge of diagnosing and managing toxic alcohol ...
Kattimani Shivanand S Department of Psychiatry, Regional Deaddiction Center, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, - - 2013
Alcohol withdrawal is commonly encountered in general hospital settings. It forms a major part of referrals received by a consultation-liaison psychiatrist. This article aims to review the evidence base for appropriate clinical management of the alcohol withdrawal syndrome. We searched Pubmed for articles published in English on pharmacological management of ...
Wu Gaofeng - - 2013
Excessive alcohol consumption is dangerous and causes serious damage to health. The main organ capable of alcohol oxidizing is liver which is also the main organ synthesizing taurine, a sulfur-containing β-amino acid, which is the major free intracellular amino acid presenting in many tissues of human and animals and exerting ...
Ding Ren-Bo - - 2012
ETHONOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Long-term excess alcohol exposure leads to alcoholic liver diseases (ALD), a global health problem without effective therapeutic approach. ALD is increasingly considered as a complex and multifaceted pathological process, involving oxidative stress, inflammation and excessive fatty acid synthesis. Over the past decade, herbal medicines have attracted much attention ...
Williams David J - - 2012
Innovations in engineering applied to healthcare make a significant difference to people's lives. Market growth is guaranteed by demographics. Regulation and requirements for good manufacturing practice-extreme levels of repeatability and reliability-demand high-precision process and measurement solutions. Emerging technologies using living biological materials add complexity. This paper presents some results of ...
Case Timothy - - 2012
Mobile health care technology (mHealth) has the potential to improve communication and clinical information management in disasters. This study reviews the literature on health care and computing published in the past five years to determine the types and efficacy of mobile applications available to disaster medicine, along with lessons learned. ...
Crundall Ian - - 2012
Issue addressed: Whether improved alcohol management delivers additional benefits to clubs in the form of financial viability, expanded membership, increased spectators and greater capacity for competition. Methods: Measures were derived from 657 Australian community sporting clubs enrolled in the Good Sports program. The program assists clubs to manage alcohol through ...
Ríos Angel - - 2012
Micro total analysis (μTAS), also called "lab-on-a-chip (LOC)" technology, promises solutions for high throughput and highly specific analysis for chemistry, biology and medicine, while consuming only tiny amounts of samples, reactants and space. This article reports selected contributions of LOC, which represent clear practical approaches for routine work, or presenting ...
Jebrail Mais J - - 2012
Digital microfluidics (DMF) has recently emerged as a popular technology for a wide range of applications. In DMF, nanoliter to microliter droplets containing samples and reagents can be manipulated to carry out a range of discrete fluidic operations simply by applying a series of electrical potentials to an array of ...
Henney Adriano M - - 2012
The concept of personalized medicine is not new. It is being discussed with increasing interest in the medical, scientific, and general media because of the availability of advanced scientific and computational technologies, and the promise of the potential to improve the targeting and delivery of novel medicines. It is also ...
Borrebaeck Carl A K - - 2012
Proteomics has not delivered biomarkers of clinical value, despite massive efforts. The technologies that are emerging today have, however, the power to reach deep into proteomes and to identify patterns associated with different diseases. The study design is then crucial and sample quality, bioinformatic approaches, pre-validation, using independent patient cohort, ...
Krebs H I - - 2012
In this opinion piece, I will revisit the basis for our belief that robotic manipulation is a valid approach to promote speedier and better recovery following a stroke and discuss some of the clinical evidence that led to the September 2010 guidelines for stroke care of the American Heart Association ...
Alexandrescu Doru T - - 2012
The simultaneous advances in engineering, medicine, and molecular biology have accelerated the pace of introductions of new light-based technologies in dermatology. In this review, the authors examine recent advances in laser surgery as well as peer into the future of energy-based cutaneous medicine. The future landscape of dermatology will almost ...
Hui Pei - - 2012
High-throughput next generation sequencing (NGS) has been quickly adapted into many aspects of biomedical research and begun to engage with the clinical practice. The latter aspect will enable the application of genomic knowledge into clinical practice in this and next decades and will profoundly change the diagnosis, prognosis and treatment ...
Sandler Adam L - - 2012
On December 5, 1960, 4-month-old Theo Dahl, the only son of best-selling author Roald Dahl (1916-1990), had his skull shattered in a horrific traffic accident. What began as a personal tragedy for the Dahl family would soon evolve into a dogged crusade by Dahl to expand upon preexisting valve technology ...
Stump Terra - - 2012
Abstract Medicine 2.0 has emerged within healthcare information technology to enable more defined relationships among providers and patients. Physicians, hospitals, and patients are using Medicine 2.0 through social networking to maintain their foothold in the evolution of medical technologies. The authors' purpose was to determine potential improvements that Medicine 2.0 ...
Ware James S JS Molecular Cardiology, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, London, UK. - - 2012
The fast moving field of genomic medicine is already impacting on clinical care and cardiologists are fortunate to be in a position to benefit early from the transformative advances in genomics. However, the challenges associated with genomics in the clinic in general, and with next generation sequencing technologies in particular, ...
Lu Kuan-Hung KH Institute of Food Science and Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, - - 2012
Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a complex chronic disease and is associated with a spectrum of liver injury ranging from steatosis and steatohepatitis to fibrosis and cirrhosis. Since effective therapies for ALD are still limited, Chinese herbal medicine is thought to be an important and alternative approach. This review focuses ...
Mesko Bertalan - - 2012
The population of the world has recently passed the 7 billion milestone and as the cost of human genome sequencing is rapidly declining, sequence data of billions of people should be accessible much sooner than anyone would have predicted ten years ago. This will form the basis of personalised medicine. ...
Zeigler Mary - - 2012
To describe how people with ostomies became independent with their ostomy management. Two clinical ostomy consultations which incorporated traditional ostomy management along with state-of-the-art ostomy technology aimed at the needs of the disabled person. The newer technologies eliminated several of the traditional steps and made a one-handed approach possible. This ...
Issa B A - - 2012
Background: There has been conflicting reports of the level of hazardous alcohol use among doctors despite the significant occurrences in the general population. Hence, the need to study the drinking habits of doctors, being supposedly role models in terms of behavior and lifestyle. Methods: All the consenting doctors in the ...
Moustapha Ouedraogo - - 2012
The increasing use of traditional herbal medicines around the world requires more scientific evidence for their putative harmlessness. To this end, a plethora of methods exist, more or less satisfying. In this post-genome era, recent reviews are however scarce, not only on the use of new "omics" methods (transcriptomics, proteomics, ...
Hillman Elizabeth M C - - 2012
The editors introduce the Biomedical Optics Express feature issue, "Advances in Optics for Biotechnology, Medicine and Surgery," which includes 12 contributions from attendees of the 2011 conference Advances in Optics for Biotechnology, Medicine and Surgery XII.
Orlando Giuseppe - - 2012
Recent groundbreaking progress in regenerative medicine has shown its potential to meet the two major needs of solid organ transplantation, namely the achievement of an immunosuppression-free state (IFS) and the identification of a new, potentially inexhaustible source of organs. This review illustrates how regenerative medicine technology may contribute to the ...
Geary P M - - 2012
The authors wished to obtain a 'snapshot' of the range of practice in the management of split skin graft donor sites in the British Isles. Material/Methods Questionnaires were sent to all British consultants and locum consultant plastic surgeons on July 1, 2006. Of the 357 questionnaires, 279 were returned (a ...
Sakaki Toshiyuki - - 2012
Recent progress on the application of cytochrome P450 (P450) to bioconversion processes, biosensors, and bioremediation were reviewed. Because regio- and enantioselective hydroxylation makes chemical synthesis difficult, a bioconversion process using P450 would be quite attractive. One of the most successful industrial applications of P450 may be the bioconversion process for ...
Mules Thomas - - 2012
General practitioners (GPs) have the potential to promote alcohol harm minimisation via discussion of alcohol use with patients, but knowledge of GPs' current practice and attitudes on this matter is limited. Our aim was to assess GPs' current practice and attitudes towards discussing alcohol use with their patients. This qualitative ...
Ruiz C - - 2012
Personalised medicine is an emerging model that will revolutionise our current healthcare system. In the last decade, several genomic aberrations were discovered that are now used as predictive markers for treatment with targeted therapeutics. The technological advances in the last few years, such as the development of high resolution DNA microarrays ...
Le Boutillier Clair - - 2011
Recovery is a multifaceted concept, and the need for operationalization in practice has been identified. Although guidance on recovery-oriented practice exists, it is from disparate sources and is difficult to apply. The aims of the study were to identify the key characteristics of recovery-oriented practice guidance on the basis of ...
Zhang Aihua - - 2012
Deconstruction of molecular pathways and advances in enabling technology platforms have opened new horizons for disease management, exploring therapeutic solutions to each individual patient beyond the one-size fits all practice. Application of personalized medicine paradigms aims to achieve the right diagnosis and right treatment for the right patient at the ...
Vert Michel - - 2011
Man-made artificial organic polymers are among the more recent sources of materials used by humans. In medicine, they contribute to applications in surgery, dentistry and pharmacology. Nowadays, innovations in the field of therapeutic polymers rely on novel polymers for specific applications such as guided tissue regeneration, tissue engineering, drug delivery ...
Rodríguez José Canga - - 2011
José Canga Rodríguez, key account manager, Pharmaceutical and Life Sciences, EnviroChemie, and Volker Luh, CEO of EnviroDTS, describe the development, and recent successful application, of a new technology for dealing safely and effectively with the radioactive "wastewater" generated by patients who have undergone radiotherapy in nuclear medicine facilities. The BioChroma ...
Nedelec Bernadette - - 2011
The objective of this review was to systematically evaluate the available clinical evidence for early ambulation of burn survivors after lower extremity skin grafting procedures so that practice guidelines could be proposed. It provides evidence-based recommendations, specifically for the rehabilitation interventions required for early ambulation of burn survivors. These guidelines ...
Leeming Dawn - - 2011
Experiences of shame are often difficult to manage, not least because of their interpersonal implications. However, limited research attention has been paid to the management and repair of shame, and in particular to the role that social factors may play in this. We aimed to explore these issues by obtaining ...
Musunuru Kiran - - 2011
Pharmacogenomics holds the promise of transforming patient care by allowing providers to tailor therapy to each individual patient based on his or her genetic information. Although no established pharmacogenomic applications in cardiovascular medicine yet exist, there are at least three emerging applications that may ultimately become routine clinical practice; these ...
Morán Paloma - - 2011
We report a practical home-made microcentrifuge to be used for teaching purposes. It was made using a salad spinner and two polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tubes racks. It can accommodate 2 standard size 96-well plates or 24 strips or up to 192 microfuge tube. The centrifuge is hand-operated and is ...
Bonham Joseph - - 2011
Innovation in practice can benefit patients and healthcare providers but must be evidence based. This article describes a quantitative study of whether absorbable sutures are as beneficial as non-absorbable sutures in the management of simple scalp lacerations in adults. The results suggest that absorbable sutures can provide the same cosmetic ...
Robinson D S - - 2011
Cite this as: D. S. Robinson, Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 2011 (41) 606-608.
Peng Calvin - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Thromboembolic disease is a growing problem in paediatric care. American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) guidelines for antithrombotic therapy in paediatric patients provide consensus recommendations regarding appropriate antithrombotic therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study assessed antithrombotic management practices in a tertiary paediatric centre and the level of agreement of ...
Wang Xingang - - 2011
Knitting is an ancient and yet, a fresh technique. It has a history of no less than 1,000 years. The development of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine provides a new role for knitting. Several meshes knitted from synthetic or biological materials have been designed and applied, either alone, to strengthen ...
Stuart Beth - - 2011
Objectives To determine whether genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics in England are located conveniently for potential users and to assess whether there are any regional variations in accessibility. Methods A surface model was created in ArcGIS to estimate driving times to the nearest GUM clinic and to identify the proportion of ...
Hargreaves-Allen Venetia - - 2011
There is a consensus that Marine Protected Area (MPA) performance needs regular evaluation against clear criteria, incorporating counterfactual comparisons of ecological and socio-economic performance. However, these evaluations are scarce at the global level. We compiled self-reports from managers and researchers of 78 coral reef-based MPAs world-wide, on the conservation and ...
Yeung J M-C - - 2011
Aim  Digital rectal examination (DRE) is an essential skill which all newly qualified doctors should have. There is evidence in the literature that junior doctors lack this important examination technique. The aim of our study was to determine, with the help of a questionnaire, the abilities of foundation year 1 ...
Strauman Elena C - - 2011
The medical drama and its central character, the doctor-hero have been a mainstay of popular television. House M.D. offers a new (and problematic) iteration of the doctor-hero. House eschews the generic conventions of the "television doctor" by being neither the idealized television doctor of the past, nor the more recent ...
Wijesinghe P S - - 2011
Incomplete miscarriage is often treated with surgical evacuation in Sri Lanka. Expectant management, which is an alternative treatment, was assessed for efficacy and safety in a local setting. Randomised clinical trial of two treatment groups of expectant and surgical management with 71 and 69 participants, respectively, was done at the ...
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