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Green James A JA University of Otago, New Zealand - - 2014
This study examined associations between anticipated future health behaviour and participants' attitudes. Three Implicit Association Tests were developed to assess safety, efficacy and overall attitude. They were used to examine preference associations between conventional versus complementary and alternative medicine among 186 participants. A structural equation model suggested only a single ...
Hine Paul P a Division of Primary Care and Public Health , Brighton and Sussex Medical School , Brighton , - - 2014
Medical culture has portrayed intimate examinations as important in maintaining the sexual and reproductive health of patients. Intimate examinations have also been at the centre of high-profile scandals. Existing literature suggests there is considerable heterogeneity in the use of intimate examinations, as influenced by underlying attitudes. This study sought to ...
White Andrew Edward AE Department of Psychology,Arizona State University, Arizona State University,Tempe, AZ - - 2014
Hibbing et al. use evolutionarily derived logic to suggest that political attitudes are related to responses to negative features of the environment. We suggest that the authors focus too narrowly on the negative and contend, instead, that a more comprehensive evolutionary approach focusing on people's responses to threats and opportunities ...
Achigbu E O EO Department of Ophthalmology,Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Imo State - - 2014
This study is aimed at determining how much knowledge of glaucoma the non-ophthalmic medical doctors still possess and their personal attitudes toward glaucoma. Self- administered questionnaires were randomly distributed to the non-ophthalmic medical doctors in two specialist hospitals in south eastern Nigeria: The data obtained were the age, sex, professional ...
Salluh Jorge I F JI D'or Institute for Research and Education, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Postgraduation Program, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to characterize the practices of pulmonary, internal medicine, and critical care physicians toward the management of patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). A cross-sectional international anonymous survey was conducted among a convenience sample of critical care, pulmonary, emergency, and internal medicine physicians from Portugal, ...
Fiest Kirsten M KM Department of Clinical Neurosciences & Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Foothills Medical Center, 1403 29 Street NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 2T9, Canada, - - 2014
Stigma remains a weight those with epilepsy have to carry and a defining feature of their identity. This article highlights recent studies published in the area of stigma, knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding epilepsy. First, recent studies addressing the frequency of stigma and factors associated with stigma are discussed. Second, ...
Mostafa W Z WZ Dermatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
Dermatology practice has not been ethically justified at all times. The objective of the study was to find out dermatologists' knowledge about medical ethics, their attitudes towards regulatory measures and their practices, and to study the different factors influencing the knowledge, the attitude and the practices of dermatologists. This is ...
Juth Niklas N Stockholm Centre for Healthcare Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, , Stockholm, - - 2014
Many countries, Sweden among them, lack professional guidelines and established procedures for responding to young females requesting virginity certificates or hymen restoration due to honour-related threats. The purpose of the present survey study was to further examine the attitudes of the Swedish healthcare professionals concerned towards young females requesting virginity ...
Mirzaei Ramazan R School of Medicine/Public Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences (ZUMS), Zahedan, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evaluating the relation between Iranian drivers' knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding traffic regulations, and their deterministic effect on road traffic crashes (RTCs). Two cities of Tehran and Zahedan, Iran. A cross-sectional study was designed. Using a simplified cluster sampling design, 2200 motor vehicle drivers including 1200 in Tehran and ...
Dhimal Meghnath M Nepal Health Research Council (NHRC), Ramshah Path, Kathmandu, Nepal; Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung, Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Institute for Atmosphere and Environment, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2014
Dengue fever (DF) is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. In this decade it has expanded to new countries and from urban to rural areas. Nepal was regarded DF free until 2004. Since then dengue virus (DENV) has rapidly expanded its range even in mountain regions ...
Adib-Hajbaghery Mohsen M Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies show that medical staff in different countries have different attitudes toward traditional and complementary medicine. Therefore, the current study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of complementary and traditional medicine by medical staff of Kashan, Iran. A cross-sectional study was performed. A total of 378 questionnaires were ...
Watine Joseph J Laboratoire de biologie polyvalente, Centre hospitalier La Chartreuse, Villefranche-de-Rouergue, - - 2013
Using a questionnaire, we have evaluated how VKA and INR are handled by medical doctors in Quercy-Rouergue. This evaluation is part of an international post-analytical quality assessment survey in laboratory medicine supervised by Noklus (http://www.noklus.no/). The original questionnaire designed by Noklus has been adapted to our local practices in replacing ...
Oludarei Gabriel O GO Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Science, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos. - - 2013
Nigeria accounts for 50% of sickle cell disease (SCD) births worldwide and about 2.3% of her population suffers from SCD with 25% of Nigerians being healthy carriers. This study determined the knowledge, attitude and practice of youths in Yaba, Nigeria towards pre-marital genetic counseling. Data was collected using a questionnaire ...
Wun Yuk Tsan YT Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Patients who usually attend Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) need to go to western medicine (WM) doctors for antibiotics in Hong Kong. They might have different knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) with antibiotics from the WM-attenders. This study compares TCM attenders with the WM-attenders in Hong Kong about their KAP with ...
Jeve Yadava Bapurao YB Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester LE1 5WW, - - 2013
To determine current evidence-based medicine skills and practice among trainees. Questionnaire study. Electronic survey was sent to all obstetrics and gynaecology trainees in East Midlands South Deanery, and responses collected were anonymous. All obstetrics and gynaecology trainees in East Midland South Deanery. Self-reported attitude, skills and knowledge in various components ...
Shehnaz Syed Ilyas - - 2013
Abstract Background: Adolescents have limited knowledge about medicines and their potential adverse effects. In this context, we aimed to investigate the basic knowledge of medicines, any differences in knowledge related to practice of self-medication (SM), attitudes towards SM and sources of information about medicines among expatriate adolescents in the United ...
Wahner-Roedler Dietlind L DL Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine changes in attitude toward complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies and knowledge of specific CAM therapies among internists at our institution. We compared the results of a survey given in 2004 and 2012. During this time period, the attitudes of physicians in ...
McKillop Gus - - 2013
To explore attitudes towards medicines, polypharmacy and adherence in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Polypharmacy is common in CKD and associated with medication non-adherence. As part of a mixed methodology project, a purposive sample of ten participants were recruited and interviewed to explore attitudes to medicines and reasons for ...
Wilkinson D J C - - 2013
To explore the attitudes of obstetricians in Australia, New Zealand and the UK towards prenatally diagnosed trisomy 18 (T18). Obstetricians were contacted by email and invited to participate in an anonymous electronic survey. Survey responses were obtained from 1018/3717 (27%) practicing obstetricians/gynaecologists. Most (60%) had managed a case of T18 ...
Haskins Robin - - 2013
Clinical Prediction Rules (CPRs) have been developed to assist in the physiotherapy management of low back pain (LBP) although little is known about the factors that may influence their implementation in clinical practice. This study used qualitative research methodology to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices/behaviours of physiotherapists in relation ...
Sawatsky Adam P - - 2013
Background: Residents' shift length reduction and communication errors in transitions of care necessitate educating residents on handoff communication. Purpose: We examined the change in knowledge, attitudes, and practices of 1st-year residents after implementing a curriculum using deliberate practice to teach handoff communication. Methods: First-year residents completed a needs assessment survey ...
Baum Neil - - 2013
The attitude of the doctor and the medical staff can have a profound impact on the success of a practice. You can be sure that if everyone has a positive attitude toward patients, your patients will have a positive experience and will tell others about that positive experience. On the ...
Grainger Rebecca - - 2013
People with chronic musculoskeletal conditions are high users of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM). This systematic review was conducted to evaluate the attitudes of rheumatologists towards CAM and to identify whether these attitudes are affected by the personal or practice characteristics of the rheumatologists. A systematic search of electronic databases ...
Schlimme Jann E - - 2013
In this paper Karl Jaspers' writings on psychotherapy and the psychiatric practice will be profoundly investigated and a meticulous reconstruction of the development of his understandings in the course of his oeuvre will be presented. This reconstruction allows for arguing that Jaspers displays a methodologically critical attitude towards medicine as ...
Jha Nisha - - 2013
Few studies regarding Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) towards medicines among school teachers have been carried out in Nepal. Obtaining baseline KAP is important to note deficiencies and plan appropriate interventions. School teachers have to know about medicines as they can be an important source of information about rational and ...
Taylor Tegwin K - - 2013
Objective-To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding rabies preexposure prophylaxis among veterinary facility owners in West Virginia and to compare facilities in counties where raccoon rabies virus variant (RRVV) is or is not enzootic. Design-Cross-sectional telephone survey. Sample-124 owners of facilities licensed by the West Virginia Board of Veterinary ...
Gawde Suchita R - - 2013
Ayurveda is most commonly practiced form of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in India. There are very few studies showing the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) of allopathic doctors about Ayurvedic drugs and its use. The study was initiated to assess KAP toward Ayurvedic medicine use among allopathic resident doctors. ...
Ben-Yami Hanoch H Department of Philosophy, Central European University, 9 Nádor Street, Budapest 1051, Hungary. - - 2013
I explain why I think that considerations regarding the opposing rights involved in the practice of circumcision-rights of the individual to bodily integrity and rights of the community to practice its religion-would not help us decide on the desirable policy towards this controversial practice. I then suggest a few measures ...
Onbe Hiromi - - 2013
The present study was designed to clarify the structure of culture and the three components of attitude in a desirable attitude toward dietary management actions in outpatient haemodialysis patients who are in the maintenance phase of treatment. The participants in the study included nine patients undergoing chronic maintenance haemodialysis who ...
Warner Mary L - - 2013
A distinguishing characteristic of the physician assistant (PA) profession is career flexibility to move between specialties without further training or certification. The objectives of this study were to characterize the number and type of practice specialties and to explore attitudes towards career flexibility. Practice patterns were examined using a survey ...
Röttger Stefan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to adapt the Crew Resource Management (CRM) Attitudes Questionnaire (CMAQ) to the maritime domain, to assess the ship management attitudes of junior naval officers, and to determine the extent to which these attitudes correlate with behavior and performance in a naval exercise. CRM attitudes ...
Mazanov J - - 2013
Athlete support personnel (ASP) failing to meet responsibilities under the World Anti-Doping Code risk sanction. It is unclear whether the poor knowledge of responsibilities seen in sports physicians and coaches applies to other ASP (e.g., administrators, chiropractors, family, nutritionists, physiotherapists, psychologists, and trainers). A purposive sample of Australian ASP (n = 292) ...
Neely J Gail - - 2013
With recent changes in the landscape of health care, clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have proliferated. Attitudes about guidelines differ considerably, forming 2 competing viewpoints with considerable tension between them. Some feel CPGs are unneeded or are efforts to create automated "cookie cutter" medical practice; at best, they are perceived as ...
James Bawo Onesirosan - - 2013
The current status of modified electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) practice in Nigeria and the attitudes toward the procedure was explored in a cross-sectional study of psychiatrists and trainees. Most psychiatric facilities still make use of the unmodified type of ECT. Although half of the respondents considered their knowledge of ECT as ...
Brennan Marnie L - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The limited use of biosecurity practices by many in the farming community is likely to be due to a range of factors; further understanding of this issue is required. In this study, attitudes and behaviours of producers relating to selected biosecurity practices and the farming industry were studied by ...
Goswami Nimit - - 2013
Fixed Dose Combinations (FDCs) improve patient compliance and decrease pill burden. However, irrational prescribing of FDCs is a major health concern. As resident doctors are primarily involved in patient management at tertiary care hospitals, knowledge about prescribing FDCs is of paramount importance. To evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice, regarding use ...
Milone Jennifer M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE The authors examined the effect of supervision on internal medicine residents' attitudes toward and management of depression. METHOD Internal medicine residents completed a survey during preclinical conferences. The survey included a published, validated questionnaire, the Depression Attitude Questionnaire, and items developed by the researchers. RESULTS Of residents in attendance ...
Smith Brenda D - - 2013
This study addresses individual and organizational correlates of substance user treatment counselors' attitudes toward evidence-based practice. Counselors (n = 293) from a probability sample of outpatient treatment organizations in a northeastern US state were surveyed in 2008. Multilevel [hierarchical linear model (HLM)] models address the nested sample. Attitudes toward evidence-based ...
Odunaiya Nse A - - 2013
The role of physiotherapists in obstetrics and gynecology is pivotal. However, utilization of their capabilities depends on the cooperation of other health professionals in discharging their services to patients, who are the focus of the team. This study was designed to assess the attitude of obstetricians and gynecologists in south-western ...
Shere-Wolfe Kalpana D - - 2013
Background. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and integrative medicine (IM) modalities are widely used by patients, including those with infectious diseases (ID). Methods. One thousand randomly selected ID practitioners were surveyed. The survey was divided into domains related to familiarity and recommendation, beliefs and attitudes, and use of CAM/IM modalities. ...
Graham Fiona - - 2013
Evidence-based practice is internationally recognised as an essential component of contemporary occupational therapy, and as being critical to the future of the profession. However, its uptake by therapists has been modest with barriers such as therapists attitudes, skills and organisational support frequently cited. This study explored New Zealand therapists' perceptions ...
Mosites Emily E Department of Health, Communicable and Environmental Diseases and Emergency Preparedness, Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, Tennessee 37243, USA. - - 2013
Tennessee has a high incidence of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), the most severe tick-borne rickettsial illness in the United States. Some regions in Tennessee have reported increased illness severity and death. Healthcare providers in all regions of Tennessee were surveyed to assess knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions regarding RMSF. Providers ...
Marshall Shawn - - 2012
Many specialists encounter issues related to fitness to drive in their practices. We sought to determine the attitudes and practices of Canadian specialists regarding the assessment of medical fitness to drive in older persons. We present data from a postal survey of 842 physicians certified in cardiology, endocrinology, geriatric medicine, ...
Kirkby Katherine - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Malaria-related knowledge, preventative methods and treatment-seeking behaviours were investigated in a post-conflict district of Sri Lanka in order to guide the development of components of malaria interventions and to support future programme evaluation. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from a random sample of 300 households ...
Wendover Nicole - - 2012
The benefits of family-witnessed resuscitation (FWR) have been described in research, yet many healthcare professionals express reservations about the practice. This article considers the attitudes of staff, relatives and patients towards FWR, and the reasons why the practice is not implemented routinely in emergency departments. It also describes elements of ...
Reimer Adam P - - 2012
Pesticide drift is a significant environmental problem in rural regions, and can result in losses to certain non-target crops and livestock, water and air pollution, and threats to human health. While state agencies seek to control the harmful effects of pesticides through licensing and certificate programs, the adoption rates of ...
Bellini Sandra - - 2012
When in Rome . . . so the saying goes. When in Chicago for the National Neonatal Nurses Conference, who better to tap for excellent education than local experts such as renowned researcher and speaker Dr. Robin Steinhorn. Dr. Steinhorn is the Head of the Division of Neonatology and Professor ...
Zeind Caroline S - - 2012
To determine the extent of implementation of Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations for 5 core competencies within the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) curricula in US colleges and schools of pharmacy. A survey instrument that used IOM language to define each of the recommended competencies (patient-centered care, interdisciplinary teaming, evidence-based practice, ...
Manchester Ralph A - - 2012
As I hope everyone who has an interest in the health of performing artists already knows, the 30th annual "Aspen" symposium will be held in July. I am using the theme of this year's conference as the title of this issue's editorial. We have a lot to be proud of ...
Ghalehbaghi Babak - - 2012
The ministry of health and medical education of Iran and many other countries advice physicians to use this guideline for diagnosis and treatment of acute otitis media (AOM), but there is not any evaluation of effectiveness and obedience of this guideline, so the aim of this study was to evaluate ...
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