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Farrugia Albert - - 2010
Plasma protein therapies have been sheltered historically from the scrutiny of evidence-based medicine. Thus, a number of albumin solutions became part of the established therapeutic armamentarium with a very modest evidence base. As evidence-based medicine has turned its focus on plasma protein therapies, albumin's appropriate use has become increasingly questioned. ...
Shaw Lynn - - 2010
The literature relevant to the treatment of Whiplash-Associated Disorders (WAD) is extensive and heterogeneous. METHODS: A Participatory Action Research (PAR) approach was used to engage a chiropractic community of practice and stakeholders in a systematic review to address a general question: 'Does chiropractic management of WAD clients have an effect ...
Tanaka H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Recent important advances in the human genomics and post-genomic "omics" are now bringing about a new medical care which we call "omics-based medicine". In this article, we investigated the development and future possibilities of omics-based medicine. METHODS: We divided the development of omics-based medicine into three generations in order ...
Sahora A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To survey and monitor trends in evidence for oncology manuscripts published in the Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (JVIM) between 1999 and 2007 based on an evidence-based medicine (EBM) standard. METHODS: All veterinary oncology-related articles published in JVIM and 7 other high-impact journals from 1999 to 2007 were collected ...
Moraes-Filho Joaquim Prado P - - 2010
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common disorders in medical practice. A number of guidelines and recommendations for the diagnosis and management of GERD have been published in different countries, but a Brazilian accepted directive by the standards of evidence-based medicine is still lacking. As such, the ...
Campbell Craig - - 2010
Competence is traditionally viewed as the attainment of a static set of attributes rather than a dynamic process in which physicians continuously use their practice experiences to "progress in competence" toward the attainment of expertise. A competency-based continuing professional development (CPD) model is premised on a set of learning competencies ...
Starmer John M - - 2010
This article reports on the experience of one organization between 2004 and 2009 to develop an effective people-process-technology system to better manage the quality of health care. The creation of this system started with creating a strategic plan for quality and then establishing a structure to implement the plan. The ...
Beauchamp George R - - 2010
To review the literature for evidence-based medicine (EBM), to assess the evidence for effectiveness of vision screening, and to propose moving toward value-based medicine (VBM) as a preferred basis for comparative effectiveness research. Literature based evidence is applied to five core questions concerning vision screening: (1) Is vision valuable (an ...
Sweeney Jane K - - 2010
(1) To outline frameworks for neonatal physical therapy based on 3 theoretical models, (2) to describe emerging literature supporting neonatal physical therapy practice, and (3) to identify evidence-based practice recommendations. Three models are presented as a framework for neonatal practice: (1) dynamic systems theory including synactive theory and the theory ...
Lin Susan H - - 2010
Occupational therapy practitioners may encounter challenges when they try to incorporate evidence into practice. To embrace evidence-based practice (EBP), clinicians must have readily available, relevant, and concisely summarized evidence. Although researchers have described the importance and process of EBP, less has been written about how to efficiently integrate evidence into ...
Sardanelli Francesco - - 2010
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of evidence-based medicine (EBM) in relation to radiology and to define a policy for adoption of this principle in the European radiological community. RESULTS: Starting from Sackett's definition of EBM we illustrate the top-down and bottom-up approaches to EBM as well as EBM's limitations. Delayed ...
Mariotto A - - 2010
The enthusiasm for evidence-based medicine (EBM) has not been accompanied by the same success in bridging the gap between theory and practice. This paper advances the hypothesis that the phenomenon psychologists call hypocognition may hinder the development of EBM. People tend to respond to frames rather than to facts. To ...
Grodzinsky Gail M - - 2010
Evidence-based practice, the rigorous conduct of clinical analysis and intervention, includes practice-based evidence. Here, practice data were the source of three "clinical portraits" used for exploratory analysis of an array of cognitive and social problems in 30 children whose neurobehavioral profiles fulfilled psychometric criteria for a nonverbal learning disability (NLD). ...
Broderick Gregory A - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Priapism describes a persistent erection arising from dysfunction of mechanisms regulating penile tumescence, rigidity, and flaccidity. A correct diagnosis of priapism is a matter of urgency requiring identification of underlying hemodynamics. AIMS: To define the types of priapism, address its pathogenesis and epidemiology, and develop an evidence-based guideline for ...
Chappy Sharon - - 2010
A qualitative analysis of 1-year alumni surveys provided the basis for developing evidence-based curricular strategies to better prepare BSN graduates for their transition into practice. The authors discuss study results, curricular strategies initiated, and beginning feedback regarding their effectiveness in preparing BSN graduates for practice.
Fox Ann - - 2010
An exploration was completed of health professionals' experiences implementing evidence-based guidelines that promote intensive management (IM) for people with diabetes. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 50 health professionals from across Canada. These professionals are considered to be opinion leaders in diabetes care. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and coded ...
Vedamurthy Maya - - 2010
Dermal fillers are an important tool in the armamentarium of an aesthetic dermatologist in the management of ageing skin. A surge in the use of fillers has been witnessed due to increasing awareness among people, easy availability of fillers and increased enthusiasm amongst the dermatologists and plastic surgeons to use ...
Kamel Remah M - - 2010
Infertility is defined as inability of a couple to conceive naturally after one year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. It remains a major clinical and social problem, affecting perhaps one couple in six. Evaluation usually starts after 12 months; however it may be indicated earlier. The most common causes of ...
Jensen-Doss Amanda - - 2010
In an era of evidence-based practice, why are clinicians not typically engaged in evidence-based assessment? To begin to understand this issue, a national multidisciplinary survey was conducted to examine clinician attitudes toward standardized assessment tools. There were 1,442 child clinicians who provided opinions about the psychometric qualities of these tools, ...
Hansen Kirsten - - 2010
In this article we explore the role evidence ought to play in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). First, we consider the claim that evidence in the form of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) cannot be obtained for CAMs. Second, we consider various claims to the effect that there are ways of ...
Cardozo L - - 2009
To consider the currently available knowledge and understanding of the symptom of urgency. Each faculty member reviewed the literature base of a different aspect of urgency and along with their personal clinical experience provided a base of evidence for discussion. This overview summarises relevant published literature and the current clinical ...
Miller Syrene A - - 2009
This is the second of 2 articles that focus on strategies to integrate an evidence-based decision-making (EBDM) approach into your practice. The previous article provided an overview of EBDM concepts and identified strategies for finding evidence to answer clinical questions, the first 2 steps in the evidence-based process. The next ...
Wyer Peter C - - 2009
Rationale Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has been acclaimed as a major advance in medical science, but criticized as a proposed alternative model for the practice and teaching of medicine. Ambiguity regarding the proper role of the contributions of EBM within the fabric of medicine and health care has contributed to this ...
Al Omari Mousa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the awareness and attitude of hospital doctors towards evidence-based medicine (EBM) and their related educational needs. METHODS: A questionnaire study was performed on a randomly selected sample of 386 hospital doctors from both a teaching hospital and the Ministry of ...
Achoki Robin R KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, - - 2010
Hypoglycaemia is associated with poor prognosis in many severe childhood illnesses especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the prevalence of malaria, diarrhoea and malnutrition remains high. Uncertainty, however, still persists regarding the significance, definition and management of childhood hypoglycaemia. As a step towards defining optimal, evidence-based diagnostic and management criteria, we ...
Schnyder Ulrich - - 2009
To date, the effectiveness of psychotherapy for the treatment of most mental disorders is empirically well documented. From an "evidence-based medicine" viewpoint, psychotherapy, as compared to other treatments in medicine, can be regarded as one of the most effective therapeutic approaches. The superiority of psychotherapy over pharmacotherapy is particularly pronounced ...
M??ller Hans-J??rgen - - 2009
Psychopharmacotherapy should now be regulated in the sense of evidence-based medicine (EBM), as is the case in other areas of clinical treatment in medicine. In general this is a meaningful development, which will principally have a positive impact on routine health care in psychiatry. But several related problems should not ...
Meckley Lisa M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Personalized medicine (PM) has attracted tremendous interest, but yielded few marketed products. We examined factors influencing the reimbursement of existing PM technologies. METHODS: We conducted six case studies of the following paired genetic tests and treatments: HER2/neu with trastuzumab (Herceptin); hepatitis C genotyping with ribavirin/pegylated interferon; Oncotype DX with ...
NORDON I M - - 2009
Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR) repair has an established role in elective management of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The application of EVAR to ruptured AAAs (rAAA) is evolving and developing a strong evidence base in selected patients. Although EVAR has been utilized to manage rAAA for greater than ten years, ...
Crilly Mike - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The evidence-based medicine (EBM) approach to clinical practice has been incorporated into medical training around the world. Whilst EBM is a component of the 'foundation years' (FY) programme, it appears to lack a firm foundation in the UK undergraduate curriculum. AIM: To identify whether the teaching of EBM is ...
- - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To provide clinician direction that is based on the best evidence available on suctioning at the perineum for infants born with meconium stained amniotic fluid. EVIDENCE: The Medline database was searched for articles published in English from 2000 to 2008 on the topic of management of meconium at birth. ...
Groah Suzanne L - - 2009
Best practice is a practice that, on rigorous evaluation, demonstrates success, has had an impact, and can be replicated. It is differentiated from its constituent parts, evidence-based practice and knowledge translation, by its general meaning and global purview. The purpose of this clinical review is to provide transparency to the ...
Gannon Meghan - - 2010
Morbidity and mortality associated with diabetes make it a prime target for quality improvement research. Quality gaps and racial/gender disparities persist throughout this population of patients necessitating a sustainable improvement in the clinical management of diabetes. The authors of this study sought (1) to provide a population perspective on diabetes ...
Schofield Penelope - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Justifiable concerns around the use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) amongst cancer patients are becoming increasingly prominent. The aim was to develop evidence-based guidelines to assist oncology health professionals (HP) to have respectful, balanced and useful discussions with patients about CAM. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted, covering ...
Allegra Carmen J - - 2009
To provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of currently available data on the diagnosis and management of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). An non-DHHS, nonadvocate 14-member panel representing the fields of fields of oncology, radiology, surgery (general and reconstructive), pathology, radiation oncology, internal ...
Sardanelli Francesco - - 2009
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of evidence-based medicine (EBM) in relation to radiology and to define a policy for adoption of this principle in the European radiological community. RESULTS: Starting from Sackett's definition of EBM we illustrate the top-down and bottom-up approaches to EBM as well as EBM's limitations. Delayed ...
Izu Brent S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Our objective is to highlight a few surgical practices that are not based on evidence but are still taught in surgical education, and to assess our experience with these practices. DESIGN: We identified 3 practices (clamping of nasogastric tubes before removal, bowel preparation before elective colon resection, and elective ...
Lewiecki E Michael - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the benefits and limitations of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), and clinical judgment in the management of osteoporosis. METHODS: A review was conducted of the English-language literature on the origins and applications of RCTs, CPGs, evidence-based medicine, and clinical judgment in the management of ...
Throckmorton Terry - - 2009
This article aims to (1) describe the steps in the development of a meta-analysis, (2) discuss the use of meta-analysis in developing an evidence base for case management practice, and (3) provide some basic guidelines for evaluating the meta-analysis. Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a mandate for all healthcare professionals, regardless ...
La Caze Adam - - 2009
Proponents of evidence-based medicine (EBM) provide the "hierarchy of evidence" as a criterion for judging the reliability of therapeutic decisions. EBM's hierarchy places randomized interventional studies (and systematic reviews of such studies) higher in the hierarchy than observational studies, unsystematic clinical experience, and basic science. Recent philosophical work has questioned ...
Davidson Larry - - 2009
With the increasing prominence of the notions of "recovery" and "recovery-oriented practice," practitioners, program managers, and system leaders are increasingly asking about the relationship between "evidence-based practices" and recovery. After reviewing the concepts of recovery from mental illness, being in recovery with a mental illness, recovery-oriented care, and evidence-based medicine, ...
Vincent M D - - 2009
The management of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (a-nsclc) is currently undergoing one of its rare paradigm shifts. Just as the nihilism of the 1970s gave way to the empiricism of the 1980s and 1990s, so the current decade has seen the first truly rational therapies based on informed design. In ...
Perdices Michael - - 2009
One could be forgiven for thinking that the only road to evidence-based clinical practice is the application of results from randomised controlled trials (or systematic reviews of such). By contrast, single-subject designs in the context of evidence-based clinical practice are believed by many to be strange bedfellows. In this paper, ...
Brooke Benjamin S - - 2009
The Leapfrog Group aims to improve patient safety and outcomes in hospitals through promoting the routine use of evidence-based medicine (EBM) practices such as the perioperative use of beta-blocker medications during elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. The emergence of recent evidence, however, has sparked debate about the benefits of ...
Arndt Margarete - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Health care managers are urged to adopt evidence-based management as a new and exemplary decision-making process. Three assumptions underlie advocacy for the practice: (a) Decisions based on evidence will yield anticipated results, (b) these results are generalizable across organizations, and (c) evidence is objective and context free. PURPOSE: This ...
Howard Matthew O - - 2009
An evidence-based practice (EBP) movement is underway in social work that promises to change the very nature and methods of clinical education and practice. Growing demands for accountability, increasingly sophisticated clients, heightened threats of malpractice liability, and a host of additional factors arising within and external to the profession have ...
Briggs Harold E - - 2009
Evidence-based management is emerging in the helping professions in response to heightened demands for public accountability and organizational performance. This paper defines evidence-based management and reviews its origins in the health care and business sectors and its recent incorporation into the social work profession. A case study describes the efforts ...
Swain Karin - - 2010
The research presented here reports on sustainability of the practices within the National Implementing Evidence Based Practices Project for people with serious mental illness. Forty-nine sites completed the initial 2-year implementation phase and were the focus of our study. Our aims were to discern the number of sites that sustained ...
Drake Robert E - - 2009
Over the last decade, a consensus has emerged regarding a set of evidence-based practices for schizophrenia that address symptom management and psychosocial functioning. Yet, surveys suggest that the great majority of the population of individuals with schizophrenia do not receive evidence-based care. In this article, we review the empirical literature ...
Carruthers David - - 2009
The vasculitides associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs) present to and are managed by a wide spectrum of physicians, reflecting the multi-organ nature of the conditions. Treatment strategies for these primary inflammatory vascular diseases have varied based on the outcomes of different clinical trials and practice reviews. The individual drugs ...
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