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Manca Donna Patricia - - 2014
Our randomized controlled trial (The BETTER Trial) found that training a clinician to become a Prevention Practitioner (PP) in family practices improved chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS). PPs were trained on CDPS and provided prevention prescriptions tailored to participating patients. For this embedded qualitative study, we explored perceptions of ...
Tinkle Sally S IDA/Science and Technology Policy Institute, Washington, - - 2014
Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology to the discipline of medicine: the use of nanoscale materials for the diagnosis, monitoring, control, prevention, and treatment of disease. Nanomedicine holds tremendous promise to revolutionize medicine across disciplines and specialties, but this promise has yet to be fully realized. Beyond the typical complications ...
Jungquist Carla R CR School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adverse events secondary to opioid-induced advancing sedation and respiratory depression continue to occur during hospitalizations despite efforts to increase awareness and clinical practice guidelines to address prevention strategies. In 2009, ASPMN surveyed membership on current practices surrounding this topic. ASPMN clinical practice guidelines were then published in 2011. In winter ...
Pollak Amy West AW Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism is a major source of morbidity and mortality in the United States. The American College of Chest Physicians Antithrombotic Guidelines, 9th edition, includes a large number of clinical practice recommendations regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of venous thromboembolism. This succinct clinical review of these guidelines specifically focuses ...
Lallam C C Former Instructor, School of Dentistry, Paris 5 Descartes University, 65 rue Fessart, 92100 Boulogne, - - 2014
The long-term clinical management of caries and periodontal diseases requires a double approach, one that is concerned with both treatment and prevention. Dentists should recognise the risk factors and their likely triggers to be able to implement the right strategy as early as the diagnostic phase. This comprehensive assessment can ...
Undas Anetta - - 2014
Dabigatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor and two factor Xa inhibitors, rivaroxaban and apixaban, are target specific oral anticoagulants (TSOACs) approved for prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Published data suggest that all 3 agents are at least as efficacious as dose-adjusted warfarin in ...
Huffman Mark D MD Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 1977, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed its first Model List of Essential Medicines to guide countries in the creation of national formularies and policies for access, quality, and use of essential medicines as part of achieving the right to health. In 2012, the WHO announced its goal of ...
Ehrenkranz Richard A RA Department of Pediatrics and Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, PO Box: 208064, New Haven, CT 06520-8064. Electronic address: - - 2014
The focus of this paper is to describe the following: (1) the benefits of implementing feeding guidelines, (2) management practices associated with the prevention of BPD, and (3) management practices associated with prevention of nosocomial infection.
Bang Soo-Mee SM 0000-0002-0938-3007 Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2014
In 2010, we proposed the first Korean Guidelines for the Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE). It was applicable to Korean patients, by modifying the contents of the second edition of the Japanese guidelines for the prevention of VTE and the 8th edition of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) ...
Li Chenrui C Key Laboratory for Space Biosciences and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shanxi, - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a common disease with wide prevalence, especially in the elderly population. Osteoporosis induced fractures not only decrease the patient's life quality, but also cause heavy financial burden to the society. Although current medications for osteoporosis are effective, numerous adverse effects have been observed accompanying their clinical applications. Effective ...
Sato Daisaku D Office of Compliance, Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and - - 2014
  Circulating counterfeit medicines in the market is a public health threat. Counterfeit medicines become common problem, not only in developing countries, but also in industrialised countries, as internet has made them more accessible. In Japan, the recent survey on the medicines purchased through on-line pharmacy (targeting Japanese consumers) showed that ...
Li Lu L 0000-0003-1288-9348 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong - - 2014
Background. Miscarriage is a very common complication during early pregnancy. So far, clinical therapies have limitation in preventing the early pregnancy loss. Chinese Medicine, regarded as gentle, effective, and safe, has become popular and common as a complementary and alternative treatment for miscarriages. However, the evidence to support its therapeutic ...
Barrera Francisco - - 2014
During the last few decades, the prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have dramatically increased. Nutrition and modern lifestyle habits are intimately involved in this epidemiological change. Although lifestyle intervention can theoretically revert the metabolic disturbances and prevent the long term complications of NAFLD, its ...
Sun Yan - - 2013
Chinese Medicine (CM) has been used for several thousand years, playing an important role in the prevention and treatment of diseases including cancer. In the recent four decades, a number of CM herbs have aroused extreme interest in the world-isolating anticancer components from medicinal herbs, using them as biological response ...
Lip Gregory Y H - - 2013
The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey was to assess clinical practice in relation to stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly into the use of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention, among members of the EHRA electrophysiology (EP) research network. In this EP Wire survey, ...
Puspitasari Hanni Prihhastuti - - 2013
Background: Pharmacists are well placed to identify, prevent and resolve medicine related problems as well as monitor the effectiveness of treatments in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Pharmacists' interventions in CVD secondary prevention have been shown to improve outcomes for clients with established CVD. Objective: To explore the scope of pharmacists' activities ...
Wyeth Jenny - - 2013
Infection prevention and control nurses (IPCNs) have an extremely wide remit in relation to the facilitation of appropriate infection prevention and control practice within healthcare environments. In order to be effective IPCNs need to be involved at all stages of healthcare service delivery and need to form close working relationships ...
Morillas Rosa María - - 2013
Scandinavian countries such as Sweden implemented the occupational health and safety (OHS) measures in the European Directive 89/391/EEC earlier than other European counties, including Spain. In fact, statistics on workplace accident rates reveal that between 2004 and 2009, there were considerably fewer accidents in Sweden than in Spain. The objective ...
Portnoy Jay - - 2013
This parameter was developed by the Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters, representing the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI); the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI); and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. The AAAAI and the ACAAI have jointly accepted responsibility for ...
Parikh Sumit - - 2013
Mitochondrial medicine is a young subspecialty. Clinicians have a limited evidence-base on which to formulate clinical decision regarding diagnosis, treatment and patient management. Mitochondrial medicine specialists have cobbled together an informal set of rules and paradigms for preventive care and management based on anecdotal experience. The Mitochondrial Medicine Society (MMS) ...
Procter E - - 2013
Backcountry recreationists account for a high percentage of avalanche fatalities, but the total number of recreationists and relative percentage of different recreation types are unknown. The aim of this study was to collect the first comprehensive survey of backcountry skiers and snowshoers in a region in the European Alps to ...
Lopez-Vargas Pamela A - - 2013
In response to the increase in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) worldwide, several professional organisations have developed clinical practice guidelines to manage and prevent its progression. This study aims to compare the scope, content and consistency of published guidelines on CKD Stages I-III. Electronic databases of the medical literature, guideline organisations, ...
Lee Moo-Sik - - 2013
The term decline effect is referred to a diminution of scientifically discovered effects over time. Reasons for the decline effect are multifaceted and include publication bias, selective reporting, outcomes reporting bias, regression to the mean, scientific paradigm shift, overshadowing and habituation, among others. Such effects can be found in cardiovascular ...
Huang Jeannie S - - 2013
To assess the Health and Obesity: Prevention and Education (HOPE) Curriculum Project, a web-based clinician education program that promotes appropriate screening, prevention, and management of weight among youth by pediatric practitioners, based on the 2007 Expert Committee recommendations. The project currently provides Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part 4 credit through ...
Lyn-Kew Kenneth E - - 2013
This article summarizes the current literature regarding thoracic ultrasonography and specifically guides the interventional pulmonologist in use of thoracic ultrasound for practical applications.
Martin J - - 2013
Rates of childhood obesity are increasing, and it is essential to identify the active components of interventions aiming to prevent and manage obesity in children. A systematic review of behaviour change interventions was conducted to find evidence of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) that are most effective in changing physical activity ...
McGann Patrick T - - 2013
Proper management of sickle cell anemia (SCA) begins with establishing the correct diagnosis early in life, ideally during the newborn period. The identification of affected infants by neonatal screening programs allows early initiation of prophylactic penicillin and pneumococcal immunizations, which help prevent overwhelming sepsis. Ongoing education of families promotes the ...
Casado-Arroyo Rubén - - 2013
This article describes the mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of aspirin at doses used for cardiovascular prevention and provides specific management recommendations for optimal use in clinical practice. The paper highlights practical aspects related to antiplatelet therapy, including the optimal dose of aspirin, concomitant treatment with other NSAIDs, and ...
Maxwell Bryan G - - 2013
We have developed a set of routines and practices in the course of performing a large series (n = 70) of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT). The 13 tips discussed in this review fall into 4 categories. System factors that facilitate training, patient safety, and avoidance of crises including the use ...
Gray Mikel - - 2013
Approximately 1 million persons living in North America have an ostomy, and approximately 70% will experience stomal or peristomal complications. The most prevalent of these complications is peristomal skin damage, and the most common form of peristomal skin damage occurs when the skin is exposed to effluent from the ostomy, ...
Mendelsohn Colin - - 2013
In spite of an established safety and efficacy record, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is frequently used incorrectly, suboptimally, or not at all. This article reviews practical evidence based strategies to optimise the use of NRT in clinical practice. The increasing role of combination therapies is explored and strategies to prevent ...
Heyboer Marvin M - - 2013
Mandibular osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is a serious complication of radiation therapy. The current use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) to prevent ORN when dental extractions are performed has been called into question. We sought to determine the current acceptability and confidence in this treatment by practitioners from two different specialties. We ...
Hillard Paula J Adams - - 2013
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has endorsed intrauterine devices (IUDs) as first-line contraceptive choices for both nulliparous and parous adolescents. The committee opinion did address some of the practical elements of IUD use in adolescents, but because these practical concerns may be barriers to use for both ...
Palevsky Paul M - - 2013
In response to the recently released 2012 KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) clinical practice guideline for acute kidney injury (AKI), the National Kidney Foundation organized a group of US experts in adult and pediatric AKI and critical care nephrology to review the recommendations and comment on their relevancy in ...
Dinwiddie Lesley C - - 2013
This article describes cannulation events, especially problems, common and rare, minor and major, to aid the nephrologist (and mid-level providers e.g. nurse practitioner and physician's assistant) in decision-making to prevent or treat cannulation-related adverse outcomes. The usual management, potential outcomes, nephrologist intervention, and prevention are discussed and include: assessment of ...
Lip Gregory Y H - - 2013
The objective of this article is to provide a commentary on the recommendations for stroke prevention from the 2012 focused update of the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on the management of atrial fibrillation and the evidence (or lack of it) supporting these recommendations. These guidelines strongly advocate a major ...
Liao Hsiu-Rong - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is not only the most common arrhythmia in the global population but also the most frequent one encountered in the operating room. For an anesthesiologist, it is crucial to have the ability to maintain hemodynamics and prevent complications of patients who present AF perioperatively. Here we provide ...
Jardim Jaquelline Maria - - 2013
The aim of this study was to observe clinical procedures in order to evaluate the practices used for the control and prevention of bloodstream infections associated with short-term central venous catheters (BSI-ACVC). The study data came from 5877 assessments distributed among selected practices. The results revealed the following adherence rates ...
Tegnér Jesper - - 2013
Medicine and pediatrics are changing and healthcare is moving from being reactive to becoming preventive. Despite rapid developments of new technologies for molecular profiling and systems analysis of diseases significant hurdles remain. Here we use the clinical setting of congenital heart block (CHB) to uncover and illustrate key informatics challenges ...
Jiang Lanhui - - 2013
Influenza is a communicable acute respiratory infection which, during epidemics, can cause high morbidity and mortality rates. Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, often administered following a particular Chinese medical theory, may be a potential treatment of choice. To assess the effect of Chinese medicinal herbs used to prevent and treat influenza ...
Kato Kumiko - - 2013
Nanotechnology has had a great impact on science, technology, and society since 2000, and its applications in medicine are also progressing in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. In this review, international trends in nanomedicine regulation are introduced, including the definition of nanomedicines and the evaluation of liposomes and ...
Wang Ji - - 2013
The constitution of traditional Chinese medicine was established in 1970s by Chinese scholars, in which the constitutions of Chinese people were classified into nine types for study. The phlegm-dampness constitution is one of the nine constitutions and is the most common type in constitution study. Genomics studies found four upregulated ...
Brüne Martin - - 2013
Clinical medicine has neglected the fact that the make-up of organs and body functions, as well as the human-specific repertoire of behaviors and defenses against pathogens or other potential dangers are the product of adaptation by natural and sexual selection. Even more, for many clinicians it does not seem straightforward ...
Palatty Princy Louis - - 2013
Nausea and vomiting are physiological processes experienced by every human being at some stage of their life. They are complex protective mechanisms and the symptoms are influenced by the emetogenic response and stimuli. However, when these symptoms recur frequently, they can significantly reduce the quality of life and can also ...
Siahpoosh Marzieh-Baygom - - 2013
In the modern medical era sudden cardiac death and its causes among athletes have been described. Finding appropriate preventive ways from this tragic event is so important in sports medicine. According to different trials and observations, there are numerous reasons and some preventive strategies. Historically, sudden cardiac death among athletes ...
Ferragud Carmel - - 2013
Summary: Slavery had become increasingly widespread throughout the entire Mediterranean region during the late Middle Ages. At the same time, a new form of medicine (based upon the Galenism to which the universities gave voice), together with the practice thereof and its practitioners, had gained ground. Detailed evidence from the ...
Harris Mark F - - 2013
There are significant gaps in the implementation and uptake of evidence-based guideline recommendations for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes in Australian general practice. This study protocol describes the methodology for a cluster randomised trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a model that aims to improve the implementation of these guidelines ...
Censi Federica - - 2013
Although the paradigm of the 4P medicine - Predictive, Personalized, Preemptive, and Participatory - has been suggested several years ago, its application to atrial fibrillation is still far away. Given the increasing prevalence and incidence of this pathology it is the time to promote preventive strategies, by identifying the risk ...
Nathan Carl - - 2013
Real innovations in medicine and science are historic and singular; the stories behind each occurrence are precious. At Molecular Medicine we have established the Anthony Cerami Award in Translational Medicine to document and preserve these histories. The monographs recount the seminal events as told in the voice of the original ...
Park Hoyoung - - 2013
The emergence of biomarkers as key players in the paradigm shift towards preventative medicine underscores the need for their detection and quantification. Advances made in the field of nanotechnology have played a crucial role in achieving these needs, and have contributed to recent advances in the field of medicine. Nanoparticle-based ...
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