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Miettinen Olli S OS Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, 1020 Pine Avenue West, Montreal, QC H3A 1A2, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Having thought much about medicine in my career-long effort to understand it and the research for its advancement, I have come to views rather different form the now-prevailing ones in respect to what preventive medicine is about; what epidemiology is in relation to preventive medicine; what distinguishes preventive medicine in ...
Sautkina Elena E Department of Social and Environmental Health Research, Faculty of Public Health & Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SH, United - - 2014
This paper explores how system-wide approaches to obesity prevention were 'theorised' and translated into practice in the 'Healthy Towns' programme implemented in nine areas in England. Semi-structured interviews with 20 informants, purposively selected to represent national and local programme development, management and delivery were undertaken. Results suggest that informants articulated ...
Garnier J J CNRS UMR 7619 Metis, BP 123, Tour 56, Etage 4, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France; UPMC, UMR 7619 Metis, BP 123, Tour 56, Etage 4, 4 Place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Orgeval watershed (104 km(2)) is a long-term experimental observatory and research site, representative of rural areas with intensive cereal farming of the temperate world. Since the past few years, we have been carrying out several studies on nitrate source, transformation and transfer of both surface and groundwaters in relation with ...
Padula William V WV William V. Padula, PhD, MS • Postdoctoral Fellow • Department of Medicine, University of Chicago • Chicago, Illinois Manish K. Mishra, MD, MPH • Fellow • Geisel School of Medicine, Dartmouth College • Hanover, New Hampshire Mary Beth F. Makic, PhD, RN • Research Nurse Scientist, Critical Care • University of Colorado Hospital • Aurora, Colorado Robert J. Valuck, PhD, RPh • Professor • Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Colorado, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences • Aurora, - - 2014
To enhance the learner's competence with knowledge about a framework of quality improvement (QI) interventions to implement evidence-based practices for pressure ulcer (PrU) prevention. This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. After participating in this educational activity, the participant ...
Campos-Outcalt Doug D Department of Family, Community and Preventive Medicine, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix, AZ, USA. Email: - - 2014
Twenty-six recommendations were issued last year. Two screening procedures previously unsupported by good evidence are now firmly advocated; 4 interventions still commonly practiced are recommended against.
Elder Nancy C NC the Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH; Sharonville Family Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio; the Bethesda Family Medicine Residency, Cincinnati, Ohio; and the Northeast Ohio College of Medicine, - - 2014
Family medicine offices may play an important role in the transmission of common illnesses such as upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). There has, however, been little study of whether physicians teach patients about URTI transmission and what their own actions are to prevent infection. The purpose of this study was ...
- - 2014
Preventing falls A falls prevention strategy from the Scottish Government outlines a 'framework for action' in the prevention and management of falls in the community. The strategy describes in detail four actions required to meet the minimum standards for falls prevention: supporting health improvement and self-management to reduce patients' risk ...
H Turner E Jane EJ Department of Surgery, Croydon University Hospital, 530 London Road, Thornton Heath, Surrey, CR7 7YE, - - 2014
Seromas are the most frequent complications following breast surgery, resulting in significant discomfort and morbidity with possible delays in commencing adjuvant therapies. Varied clinical practices exist in the techniques employed to prevent and manage seromata. This article assesses published literature on the techniques employed in prevention of seroma formation following ...
Arno Anna I AI Ross Tilley Burn Centre and Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Plastic Surgery Department and Burn Unit, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Keloids and hypertrophic scars occur anywhere from 30 to 90% of patients, and are characterized by pathologically excessive dermal fibrosis and aberrant wound healing. Both entities have different clinical and histochemical characteristics, and unfortunately still represent a great challenge for clinicians due to lack of efficacious treatments. Current advances in ...
Cho Yeoungjee Y Centre for Kidney Disease Research, Translational Research Institute at University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, - - 2014
Peritonitis is a common serious complication of peritoneal dialysis that results in considerable morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. It also significantly limits the use of this important dialysis modality. Despite its importance as a patient safety issue, peritonitis practices and outcomes vary markedly and unacceptably among different centers, regions, ...
Manca Donna Patricia - - 2014
Our randomized controlled trial (The BETTER Trial) found that training a clinician to become a Prevention Practitioner (PP) in family practices improved chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS). PPs were trained on CDPS and provided prevention prescriptions tailored to participating patients. For this embedded qualitative study, we explored perceptions of ...
Tinkle Sally S IDA/Science and Technology Policy Institute, Washington, - - 2014
Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology to the discipline of medicine: the use of nanoscale materials for the diagnosis, monitoring, control, prevention, and treatment of disease. Nanomedicine holds tremendous promise to revolutionize medicine across disciplines and specialties, but this promise has yet to be fully realized. Beyond the typical complications ...
Jungquist Carla R CR School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adverse events secondary to opioid-induced advancing sedation and respiratory depression continue to occur during hospitalizations despite efforts to increase awareness and clinical practice guidelines to address prevention strategies. In 2009, ASPMN surveyed membership on current practices surrounding this topic. ASPMN clinical practice guidelines were then published in 2011. In winter ...
Pollak Amy West AW Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism is a major source of morbidity and mortality in the United States. The American College of Chest Physicians Antithrombotic Guidelines, 9th edition, includes a large number of clinical practice recommendations regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of venous thromboembolism. This succinct clinical review of these guidelines specifically focuses ...
Lallam C C Former Instructor, School of Dentistry, Paris 5 Descartes University, 65 rue Fessart, 92100 Boulogne, - - 2014
The long-term clinical management of caries and periodontal diseases requires a double approach, one that is concerned with both treatment and prevention. Dentists should recognise the risk factors and their likely triggers to be able to implement the right strategy as early as the diagnostic phase. This comprehensive assessment can ...
Undas Anetta - - 2014
Dabigatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor and two factor Xa inhibitors, rivaroxaban and apixaban, are target specific oral anticoagulants (TSOACs) approved for prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Published data suggest that all 3 agents are at least as efficacious as dose-adjusted warfarin in ...
Huffman Mark D MD Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 1977, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed its first Model List of Essential Medicines to guide countries in the creation of national formularies and policies for access, quality, and use of essential medicines as part of achieving the right to health. In 2012, the WHO announced its goal of ...
Ehrenkranz Richard A RA Department of Pediatrics and Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, PO Box: 208064, New Haven, CT 06520-8064. Electronic address: - - 2014
The focus of this paper is to describe the following: (1) the benefits of implementing feeding guidelines, (2) management practices associated with the prevention of BPD, and (3) management practices associated with prevention of nosocomial infection.
Bang Soo-Mee SM 0000-0002-0938-3007 Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2014
In 2010, we proposed the first Korean Guidelines for the Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE). It was applicable to Korean patients, by modifying the contents of the second edition of the Japanese guidelines for the prevention of VTE and the 8th edition of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) ...
Li Chenrui C Key Laboratory for Space Biosciences and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, Shanxi, - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a common disease with wide prevalence, especially in the elderly population. Osteoporosis induced fractures not only decrease the patient's life quality, but also cause heavy financial burden to the society. Although current medications for osteoporosis are effective, numerous adverse effects have been observed accompanying their clinical applications. Effective ...
Sato Daisaku D Office of Compliance, Pharmaceutical and Food Safety Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and - - 2014
  Circulating counterfeit medicines in the market is a public health threat. Counterfeit medicines become common problem, not only in developing countries, but also in industrialised countries, as internet has made them more accessible. In Japan, the recent survey on the medicines purchased through on-line pharmacy (targeting Japanese consumers) showed that ...
Li Lu L 0000-0003-1288-9348 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong - - 2014
Background. Miscarriage is a very common complication during early pregnancy. So far, clinical therapies have limitation in preventing the early pregnancy loss. Chinese Medicine, regarded as gentle, effective, and safe, has become popular and common as a complementary and alternative treatment for miscarriages. However, the evidence to support its therapeutic ...
Dey Subhojit S Department of Epidemiology, Indian Institute of Public Health, Delhi, - - 2014
Ayurveda is one of the oldest health sciences of the world with concepts of tridosha and prakriti being core philosophies. These core concepts allow implementation of ways for not only personalized medicine and treatment but also personalized prevention. In the light of modern or current science, evidence has surfaced connecting ...
Barrera Francisco - - 2014
During the last few decades, the prevalence of obesity, insulin resistance and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have dramatically increased. Nutrition and modern lifestyle habits are intimately involved in this epidemiological change. Although lifestyle intervention can theoretically revert the metabolic disturbances and prevent the long term complications of NAFLD, its ...
Sun Yan - - 2013
Chinese Medicine (CM) has been used for several thousand years, playing an important role in the prevention and treatment of diseases including cancer. In the recent four decades, a number of CM herbs have aroused extreme interest in the world-isolating anticancer components from medicinal herbs, using them as biological response ...
Lip Gregory Y H - - 2013
The purpose of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey was to assess clinical practice in relation to stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), particularly into the use of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention, among members of the EHRA electrophysiology (EP) research network. In this EP Wire survey, ...
Puspitasari Hanni Prihhastuti - - 2013
Background: Pharmacists are well placed to identify, prevent and resolve medicine related problems as well as monitor the effectiveness of treatments in cardiovascular disease (CVD). Pharmacists' interventions in CVD secondary prevention have been shown to improve outcomes for clients with established CVD. Objective: To explore the scope of pharmacists' activities ...
Wyeth Jenny - - 2013
Infection prevention and control nurses (IPCNs) have an extremely wide remit in relation to the facilitation of appropriate infection prevention and control practice within healthcare environments. In order to be effective IPCNs need to be involved at all stages of healthcare service delivery and need to form close working relationships ...
Gupta Sanjeev Kumar SK All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India - Centre for Community - - 2013
Introduction : Community Medicine as a discipline in India is variously known as Community Medicine, Social and Preventive Medicine, and Preventive and Social Medicine. In India, 218 medical colleges offer a 3-year MD course in Community Medicine, with a total of 742 seats annually.1 Admission to this course at the ...
Morillas Rosa María - - 2013
Scandinavian countries such as Sweden implemented the occupational health and safety (OHS) measures in the European Directive 89/391/EEC earlier than other European counties, including Spain. In fact, statistics on workplace accident rates reveal that between 2004 and 2009, there were considerably fewer accidents in Sweden than in Spain. The objective ...
Portnoy Jay - - 2013
This parameter was developed by the Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters, representing the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI); the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI); and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. The AAAAI and the ACAAI have jointly accepted responsibility for ...
Parikh Sumit - - 2013
Mitochondrial medicine is a young subspecialty. Clinicians have a limited evidence-base on which to formulate clinical decision regarding diagnosis, treatment and patient management. Mitochondrial medicine specialists have cobbled together an informal set of rules and paradigms for preventive care and management based on anecdotal experience. The Mitochondrial Medicine Society (MMS) ...
Procter E - - 2013
Backcountry recreationists account for a high percentage of avalanche fatalities, but the total number of recreationists and relative percentage of different recreation types are unknown. The aim of this study was to collect the first comprehensive survey of backcountry skiers and snowshoers in a region in the European Alps to ...
Lopez-Vargas Pamela A - - 2013
In response to the increase in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) worldwide, several professional organisations have developed clinical practice guidelines to manage and prevent its progression. This study aims to compare the scope, content and consistency of published guidelines on CKD Stages I-III. Electronic databases of the medical literature, guideline organisations, ...
Lee Moo-Sik - - 2013
The term decline effect is referred to a diminution of scientifically discovered effects over time. Reasons for the decline effect are multifaceted and include publication bias, selective reporting, outcomes reporting bias, regression to the mean, scientific paradigm shift, overshadowing and habituation, among others. Such effects can be found in cardiovascular ...
Huang Jeannie S - - 2013
To assess the Health and Obesity: Prevention and Education (HOPE) Curriculum Project, a web-based clinician education program that promotes appropriate screening, prevention, and management of weight among youth by pediatric practitioners, based on the 2007 Expert Committee recommendations. The project currently provides Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part 4 credit through ...
Lyn-Kew Kenneth E - - 2013
This article summarizes the current literature regarding thoracic ultrasonography and specifically guides the interventional pulmonologist in use of thoracic ultrasound for practical applications.
Martin J - - 2013
Rates of childhood obesity are increasing, and it is essential to identify the active components of interventions aiming to prevent and manage obesity in children. A systematic review of behaviour change interventions was conducted to find evidence of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) that are most effective in changing physical activity ...
McGann Patrick T - - 2013
Proper management of sickle cell anemia (SCA) begins with establishing the correct diagnosis early in life, ideally during the newborn period. The identification of affected infants by neonatal screening programs allows early initiation of prophylactic penicillin and pneumococcal immunizations, which help prevent overwhelming sepsis. Ongoing education of families promotes the ...
Casado-Arroyo Rubén - - 2013
This article describes the mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of aspirin at doses used for cardiovascular prevention and provides specific management recommendations for optimal use in clinical practice. The paper highlights practical aspects related to antiplatelet therapy, including the optimal dose of aspirin, concomitant treatment with other NSAIDs, and ...
Maxwell Bryan G - - 2013
We have developed a set of routines and practices in the course of performing a large series (n = 70) of percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT). The 13 tips discussed in this review fall into 4 categories. System factors that facilitate training, patient safety, and avoidance of crises including the use ...
Gray Mikel - - 2013
Approximately 1 million persons living in North America have an ostomy, and approximately 70% will experience stomal or peristomal complications. The most prevalent of these complications is peristomal skin damage, and the most common form of peristomal skin damage occurs when the skin is exposed to effluent from the ostomy, ...
Mendelsohn Colin - - 2013
In spite of an established safety and efficacy record, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is frequently used incorrectly, suboptimally, or not at all. This article reviews practical evidence based strategies to optimise the use of NRT in clinical practice. The increasing role of combination therapies is explored and strategies to prevent ...
Heyboer Marvin M - - 2013
Mandibular osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is a serious complication of radiation therapy. The current use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO2) to prevent ORN when dental extractions are performed has been called into question. We sought to determine the current acceptability and confidence in this treatment by practitioners from two different specialties. We ...
Hillard Paula J Adams - - 2013
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has endorsed intrauterine devices (IUDs) as first-line contraceptive choices for both nulliparous and parous adolescents. The committee opinion did address some of the practical elements of IUD use in adolescents, but because these practical concerns may be barriers to use for both ...
Palevsky Paul M - - 2013
In response to the recently released 2012 KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) clinical practice guideline for acute kidney injury (AKI), the National Kidney Foundation organized a group of US experts in adult and pediatric AKI and critical care nephrology to review the recommendations and comment on their relevancy in ...
Dinwiddie Lesley C - - 2013
This article describes cannulation events, especially problems, common and rare, minor and major, to aid the nephrologist (and mid-level providers e.g. nurse practitioner and physician's assistant) in decision-making to prevent or treat cannulation-related adverse outcomes. The usual management, potential outcomes, nephrologist intervention, and prevention are discussed and include: assessment of ...
Lip Gregory Y H - - 2013
The objective of this article is to provide a commentary on the recommendations for stroke prevention from the 2012 focused update of the European Society of Cardiology guidelines on the management of atrial fibrillation and the evidence (or lack of it) supporting these recommendations. These guidelines strongly advocate a major ...
Liao Hsiu-Rong - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is not only the most common arrhythmia in the global population but also the most frequent one encountered in the operating room. For an anesthesiologist, it is crucial to have the ability to maintain hemodynamics and prevent complications of patients who present AF perioperatively. Here we provide ...
Jardim Jaquelline Maria - - 2013
The aim of this study was to observe clinical procedures in order to evaluate the practices used for the control and prevention of bloodstream infections associated with short-term central venous catheters (BSI-ACVC). The study data came from 5877 assessments distributed among selected practices. The results revealed the following adherence rates ...
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