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Tarlo Susan M SM From the University Health Network, University of Toronto Department of Medicine and Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Toronto (S.M.T.); and Hôpital du Sacré Coeur de Montréal, Université de Montréal, Montreal - - 2014
Occupational asthma has been defined as asthma due to conditions attributable to work exposures, not to causes outside the workplace. This review focuses on current data on pathogenesis, evaluation, and management.
Ruha Anne-Michelle - - 2014
Central nervous system toxicity caused by xenobiotic exposure is a common reason for presentation to the emergency department. Sources of exposure may be medicinal, recreational, environmental, or occupational; the means of exposure may be intentional or unintended. Toxicity may manifest as altered thought content resulting in psychosis or confusion; may ...
Hoare Derek J DJ National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), Nottingham Hearing Biomedical Research Unit, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom; Otology and Hearing Group, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United - - 2014
Background: The authors reviewed practicable options of sound therapy for tinnitus, the evidence base for each option, and the implications of each option for the patient and for clinical practice. Purpose: To provide a general guide to selecting sound therapy options in clinical practice. Intervention: Practicable sound therapy options. Data ...
Koehler Nicole N Assessment and Learning Design, Deakin Learning Futures, Deakin University, Burwood Campus, Burwood, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
A survey of medical graduates commencing employment as junior doctors was performed to investigate knowledge of bloodborne viruses and occupational exposure management, coupled with their experience of occupational exposures. There was a mismatch between general knowledge (excellent) and knowledge of postexposure management (poor), and graduates had commonly experienced an occupational ...
Dunleavy Leah - - 2013
Telehealth refers to the provision of health information and services across a geographical distance. Little is known about the experiences of occupational therapists using this method of service delivery. The study explored the process of facilitating a telehealth intervention from the perspective of occupational therapists. Occupational therapists completed SOAP (Subjective, ...
Rosenbaum Talli - - 2013
Surrogate partner therapy (SPT) is a controversial and often misunderstood practice. The aim of this study was to review the history and evidence-based literature regarding SPT, describe and provide a model for ethical SPT practice, and present two case examples illustrating ethical concerns. Literature review and report of clinical experience ...
Pinto Marcela - - 2013
This paper focuses on the application of dicentric chromosome assay biodosimetry in cases of low-dose overexposures to professionals working in nuclear medicine and discusses how to present the results and associated uncertainties, to make possible a better understanding of biodosimetric reports. Five examples are presented of low or possibly zero ...
Franco Giuliano - - 2013
ABSTRACT This article analyzes 10 years of scientific publications among senior Italian academics in occupational medicine by means of citation analysis. Articles published during the decade 2001-2010 were analyzed by means of Elsevier's Scopus®. Scientific performance was assessed by means of 9 different indices (including total number of papers, total citations, ...
Lang Jessica - - 2013
Obesity affects more than half the Australian population and has become epidemic throughout the world. Little is known regarding occupational therapy interventions with clients who are overweight or obese. This study aimed to identify occupational therapy practice in relation to the provision of weight management. This was part of a ...
Pedlow Katy - - 2013
To investigate current knowledge and application in practice of CIMT by therapists within the United Kingdom. An on-line 19 item survey. Neurological rehabilitation PARTICIPANTS: Occupational therapists and physiotherapists currently working or within 3 months of working with the adult acquired brain injury population were recruited from two specialist interest groups. ...
Persch Andrew C - - 2013
Pediatric occupational therapy practitioners face a complex and ever-changing health care environment, creating many challenges and opportunities. P4 medicine is a systems approach to health care that emphasizes proactive wellness over reactive acute care disease management. The four Ps of P4 medicine stand for predictive, personalized, preventive, and participatory, concepts ...
Deubner David C - - 2013
Common variation is a statistical process-control term for variability associated with usual operating conditions. Special variation occurs when usual operating conditions are disrupted. The objective was to explore the implications for preventive occupational medicine practice of common and special variation in air-level exposure. Illustrations are derived from US and UK ...
Gee Bryan M - - 2013
Sound-based interventions (SBIs) involve listening to psychoacoustically modified music as a means for promoting new neural pathways in individuals with neurological dysfunction. Multiple forms of SBIs exist and are being used by healthcare professionals despite the lack of evidence to support their efficacy. The purpose of this study was to ...
Krijger Gerard C - - 2013
Nuclear medicine has been contributing towards personalized therapies. Nuclear reactors are required for the working horses of both diagnosis and treatment, i.e., Tc-99m and I-131. In fact, reactors will remain necessary to fulfill the demand for a variety of radionuclides and are essential in the expanding field of targeted radionuclide ...
Cramer Ryan - - 2013
Potential legal liability for practicing expedited partner therapy is a common concern among providers, although it has been uncertain how these concerns translate into clinical practice. This study suggests that providers are more likely to practice expedited partner therapy in more favorable legal environments.
Fleming-Castaldy Rita P - - 2013
The occupational therapy profession has put forth a vision for evidence-based practice. Although many practitioners express a commitment to the provision of services informed by evidence, the reality that tradition still determines much of our education, certification, and practice cannot be ignored. In this article, we highlight the disconnect between ...
Harber Philip - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the impact of occupational medicine board certification and career stage on practice characteristics. METHODS:: Two hundred sixty occupational medicine physicians completed a questionnaire and 25 activity log descriptions about 72 items in 9 major domains. For each item, the percentage of activities involving the item and the ...
Nayar Shoba - - 2013
There is a paucity of research examining the issues faced by New Zealand new graduate occupational therapists entering practice, including understanding graduates' abilities to translate knowledge and skills gained in their professional training, into the clinical setting. This study sought to explore the perceived strengths and weaknesses of newly graduated ...
Bearman Sarah Kate - - 2013
Identifying predictors of evidence-based practice (EBP) use, such as supervision processes and therapist characteristics, may support dissemination. Therapists (N = 57) received training and supervision in EBPs to treat community-based youth (N = 136). Supervision involving modeling and role-play predicted higher overall practice use than supervision involving discussion, and modeling predicted practice use in ...
Manchester Ralph A - - 2013
Performing arts medicine has made significant progress over the last three decades, and not infrequently we have looked to the field of sports medicine for inspiration and strategies. It seems that we have looked to occupational medicine less often as a model to emulate, but that may be worth reconsidering. ...
Hinojosa Jim - - 2013
Many occupational therapy practitioners consider evidence-based practice (EBP) to be the means by which occupational therapy can prove the validity of its services and thus support the legitimacy of our profession. The unquestioned acceptance of EBP as the way to establish credibility concerns me; unchallenged acceptance of any idea concerns ...
Birdi Kamwardeep - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To address the following question: in the management of occupational asthma does current evidence support complete avoidance of further exposure to the causative agent, or is reduction in exposure sufficient to control asthma and less likely to result in loss of income or job loss? RECENT FINDINGS: ...
Park Ji-Ae - - 2013
Theranostic medicine is relatively a new term that describes integration of diagnostic and therapeutic functions within the same platform of pharmaceuticals. Such a design may in principle permit the molecular diagnosis, targeted therapy, and simultaneous monitoring and treatment necessary to achieve personalized medicine for cancer. Theranostic radiopharmaceuticals, for instance, carry ...
Basu Subhashis - - 2013
Diphencyprone is a chemical agent used most commonly in the treatment of alopecia areata. Its mechanism of action is through the sensitisation (type IV immune reaction) of affected areas to stimulate hair follicle growth. The consequences of accidental occupational exposure, however, have not been widely recognised. This report describes the ...
Oughton Nicholas - - 2013
ABSTRACT There has been little recognition of the fact that creative production operates in a somewhat different environment and timeframe to that associated with traditional industries. This has resulted in the application of an orthodox, generic or ``one size fits all'' framework of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) systems across ...
Dulon Madeleine - - 2013
Colonisation of healthcare workers (HCWs) with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains (MRSA) is a challenge for any healthcare facility. Persistent carriage of MRSA among HCWs causes special problems, particularly in occupational-medical care. German occupational physicians responsible for healthcare facilities were therefore asked about their experience in managing MRSA-colonised HCWs. In May ...
Clark Michele - - 2013
The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of near-misses and mistakes among new graduate occupational therapists from Australia and Aotearoa/New Zealand (NZ), and their knowledge of current incident reporting systems. New graduate occupational therapists in Australia and Aotearoa/NZ in their first year of practice (n = 228) ...
Lee Young Il - - 2013
Exposure to the underwater environment for occupational or recreational purposes is increasing. As estimated, there are around 7 million divers active worldwide and 300,000 more divers in Korea. The underwater and hyperbaric environment presents a number of risks to the diver. Injuries from these hazards include barotrauma, decompression sickness, toxic ...
Bray Kaelen E - - 2012
Occupational therapists who are religious are more likely to address spirituality in practice; however, little is known regarding the practice experience of therapists who hold particular faith perspectives. To examine the practice experience of evangelical Christian occupational therapists in the context of professional emphasis on spirituality as a largely secular ...
Chalupka Stephanie - - 2012
Advanced nanomaterials present a challenge in occupational risk assessment and risk management due to their complex nature.
Adam Kerry - - 2013
Occupational therapists and physiotherapists have established roles in work-related practice. However, there is limited information about the attributes required by these professions for competent practice in this field. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the research literature to determine the knowledge, skills and professional behaviours required by ...
Riva M A - - 2012
One of the last century's greatest personalities in Occupational Medicine was Enrico Carlo Vigliani (1907-1992), director of the "Clinica del Lavoro" in Milan (1942-1977), editor-in-chief of "La Medicina del Lavoro" (1942-1991), Secretary-Treasurer and then President of the "Permanent Commission and International Association on Occupational Health" (1957-1981), the original nucleus of ...
Harber Philip - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To describe career path patterns for occupational medicine (OM) physicians. METHODS:: A convenience sample of 129 occupational physicians described work activities and locations at several career points up to 20 years ago, first OM position, and 10 years after expectations. RESULTS:: Clinical activities were important throughout (eg, 41% and ...
Gray Marion - - 2012
The development of competent future allied health professionals through academic programmes, professional support and practical education is continually evolving. The aim of this study was to explore the feelings of newly graduated occupational therapists in Australia and Aotearoa/New Zealand regarding their education and work preparedness. Newly graduated occupational therapists from ...
Mukherjee Pulok K - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ayurveda, derives from the Sanskrit words Ayus (life) and Veda (knowledge) is the most ancient system of traditional medicine of the world. It has been practiced in Indian peninsula since 5000 BC to offer natural ways to treat diseases and to promote healthcare. METHODOLOGY: We reviewed the literature ...
Wilding Clare - - 2012
An important professional issue for occupational therapy is the need to develop and maintain high-quality occupational therapy services. Clearly, a strong educational foundation is necessary, but not sufficient, for meeting this goal. Occupational therapists need to engage in ongoing education, professional development and critique of their theory and practice to ...
Fleming-Castaldy Rita P - - 2012
ABSTRACT The development of leaders in occupational therapy is a major priority of the profession's Centennial Vision. This study examined the leadership characteristics of 53 occupational therapy clinical managers. A demographic measure and the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) collected data via a non-experimental survey. The means for the five LPI ...
Zhao Qi - - 2012
The paper introduces the heated moxibustion and bloodletting in Tibetan medical literature of Dunhuang Heritage. It proves that the external therapies in Tibetan medicine such as heated moxibustion and bloodletting are of very high level since the 8th century, which inspires current clinical practice. It also shows that the extensive ...
Jung Woosang - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of oriental medicine therapy on poststroke aphasia. The outcome was measured as the delta value of the Aphasic Quotient score. Patients completed test at two timepoints: baseline and discharge time. Patients who received conventional therapy and language therapy were ...
Sahai Arun A Department of Urology & Medical Research Council (MRC) Centre for Transplantation, King's College London, King's Health Partners, Guy's Hospital, London, UK. - - 2011
Lower urinary tract dysfunction can have a significant impact on patients with spinal cord injury. Over the years, many treatment options have become available. This article reviews the assessment and management of neurogenic detrusor overactivity, with a particular focus on articles from the recent literature. Recent guidelines on the subject ...
Begley Cecily M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: to explore the views of expert midwives in Ireland and New Zealand of the skills they employ in expectant management of the third stage of labour (EMTSL). DESIGN: university ethical approval was granted for a qualitative descriptive study in 2010. Recorded, semi-structured interviews were undertaken. Constant comparative analysis was ...
Atlas Steven J - - 2011
COMMENTARY ON: Athiviraham A, Wali ZA, Yen D. Predictive factors influencing clinical outcome with operative management of spinal stenosis. Spine J 2011;11:613-7 (in this issue).
Hurwitz Eric L - - 2011
COMMENTARY ON: Athiviraham A, Wali ZA, Yen D. Predictive factors influencing clinical outcome with operative management of lumbar spinal stenosis. Spine J 2011;11:613-617 (in this issue).
Moulton Lisa - - 2011
Immediate clamping of the umbilical cord is an intervention that has developed over the last century as birth moved into the hospital setting (Mercer 2001). Whilst active management in the third stage of labour is widely practised, midwives are encouraged to re-evaluate their management strategies during this stage, since immediate ...
Moore Charlotte - - 2011
Challenging the current National Institute for Clinical Excellence guidelines (NICE 2007), this paper will identify and discuss the evidence to support a care pathway for delayed active management of the third stage of labour, which promotes a delay in the administration of the uterotonic drug and delayed cord clamping (DCC). ...
Sui J - - 2011
Metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) is an oncological emergency requiring prompt recognition and management to preserve neurological function and mobility. We performed an audit to assess current practice of MSCC against current best practice as outlined by NICE. Our retrospective audit identified 10 patients from January to December 2009 with ...
Nicol A - - 2011
A practicable and safe methodology is required for the control of contamination arising due to work in nuclear medicine departments, taking account of the range of radionuclides used for diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. A method for categorising radionuclides is proposed, based on their contamination derived limits. The categories utilised are: ...
Bruining David H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Computed tomographic enterography (CTE) has been shown to have a high sensitivity and specificity for active small bowel inflammation. There are only sparse data on the effect of CTE results on Crohn's disease (CD) patient care. METHODS: We prospectively assessed 273 patients with established or suspected CD undergoing a ...
Fujii Yoshitaka - - 2011
Guidelines for treatment of thymoma are prevalent in US literature, and many have been published by organizations in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Japan. This article reviews these many guidelines and summarizes them for the reader.
Wright Adam - - 2011
Clinical decision support (CDS) is a powerful tool for improving healthcare quality and ensuring patient safety; however, effective implementation of CDS requires effective clinical and technical governance structures. The authors sought to determine the range and variety of these governance structures and identify a set of recommended practices through observational ...
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