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Rowe Casey Jane CJ School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
To determine whether rural practice terms for junior doctors result in increased interest in rural practice and whether these terms improve learning experiences, clinical skills and insight into difficulties of rural practice. Semistructured, self-administered survey with questions on respondent demographics, clinical experience during rural practice terms, post-rural experience and personal ...
McNeil Karen K Newcastle Business School, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, - - 2014
While interprofessional practice has been promoted as a solution to the challenges besetting rural health services, current evidence does not offer a clear explanation as to why it is effective in some domains and yet is not successful in others. At the same time, rural clinicians are frequently faced with ...
Mujinja Phares Gm - - 2014
International policy towards access to essential medicines in Africa has focused until recently on international procurement of large volumes of medicines, mainly from Indian manufacturers, and their import and distribution. This emphasis is now being challenged by renewed policy interest in the potential benefits of local pharmaceutical production and supply. ...
Wayland Coral - - 2014
This paper explores patterns of women's medicinal plant knowledge and use in an urban area of the Brazilian Amazon. Specifically, this paper examines the relationship between a woman's age and her use and knowledge of medicinal plants. It also examines whether length of residence in three different areas of the ...
Young Louise L School of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia. - - 2013
To review the available literature regarding skills and competencies gained by junior doctors in rural and regional general practice placements and their alignment with the Australian Curriculum Framework for Junior Doctors (ACFJD). A comprehensive literature review using a three-phase process. Articles were initially identified from database searches in OvidSP and ...
Doggrell Sheila A - - 2013
Background Resources to help the older aged (≥65 year olds) manage their medicines should probably target those in greatest need. The older-aged have many different types of living circumstances. There are different locations (urban, rural), different types of housing (in the community or in retirement villages), different living arrangements (living alone ...
Merritt Tony D - - 2013
Aim: An analysis of general practice data for rural communities in close proximity to coal mining and coal-fired power generation in the Hunter Valley region of NSW was conducted to identify unusual patterns of illness. Methods: Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health general practice consultation data from the Hunter ...
Macdowell Martin - - 2013
To report on the retention and practice outcomes of the University of Illinois College of Medicine at Rockford Rural Medical Education (RMED) Program and to examine distance from influential locations in relation to graduates' current practice location. The RMED Program recruits candidates from rural backgrounds, provides a supplemental curriculum addressing ...
Wang Jinwen - - 2013
A shortage of health professionals in rural areas is a major problem facing China, as more than 60% of the population lives in such areas. Strategies have been developed by the government to improve the recruitment of rural doctors. However, the inequitable distribution of doctors working in China has not ...
Cheung Corjena - - 2013
This study described the use of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) for arthritis management among community-dwelling older women in urban, suburban, and rural areas. A descriptive qualitative approach using focus group method was employed. A purposive sample of 50 women ages 66-101 who managed arthritis with CAM participated in eight semistructured focus ...
Gardiner Maria - - 2013
To determine the relationship between cognitive behavioural coaching, the well-being of rural general practitioners (GPs), their intentions to leave and actual leaving of rural general practice. Quasi-experimental study utilising an intervention group of rural GPs and deidentified data for a baseline group and a control group consisting of the remaining ...
Petrany Stephen M - - 2013
PURPOSE: The Marshall University Family Medicine Residency (MUFMR) implemented its rural track (RT) in 1994 to help achieve its mission of producing primary care physicians for practice in rural areas and West Virginia. This study examined the impact of the RT on the program's training outcomes and assessed the academic ...
Sultana Rebeca - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore child defecation and faeces management practices in rural Bangladesh with the aim to redesign and pilot a tool to facilitate removal and disposal of faeces. METHODS: We conducted six group discussions, six short interviews and three observations of practices and designed the new tool. We piloted the ...
Feliciano Diana - - 2013
The Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 commits Scotland to reduce GHG emissions by at least 42% by 2020 and 80% by 2050, from 1990 levels. According to the Climate Change Delivery Plan, the desired emission reduction for the rural land use sector (agriculture and other land uses) is 21% compared ...
Meliala Andreasta - - 2013
As in many countries, the geographic distribution of the health workforce in Indonesia is unequal, with a concentration in urban and more developed areas, and a scarcity in rural and remote areas. There is less information on the distribution of specialist doctors, yet inequalities in their distribution could compromise efforts ...
Meurk Carla - - 2013
This article explores why women in rural and remote areas of Australia use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) at higher rates than their counterparts in urban areas. Drawing on qualitative interviews with 60 women 60-65 years of age, currently living in rural Australia, we explore the possibility that CAM use ...
Rabinowitz Howard K - - 2013
The Physician Shortage Area Program (PSAP) of Jefferson Medical College (JMC) is one of a small number of comprehensive medical school rural programs that has been successful in increasing the supply of family physicians practicing in rural areas. Although retention is a critical component of the rural physician supply, published ...
Szafran Olga - - 2013
Introduction: Rural background and the ability to adjust to rural practice are strong predictors of recruitment and retention of rural physicians. The degree to which rural background and being prepared for practice interrelate may provide insight into efforts aimed at increasing the supply of rural physicians. The purpose of this ...
Beauchamp Jacinthe - - 2013
Within health care, there are underserved groups. New Brunswick's French-speaking minority, which also mostly lives in rural communities, is one such group. A physician shortage potentially prevents this population from accessing health promotion and clinical prevention services. This study analyzes whether New Brunswick Francophone doctors with rural backgrounds are more ...
Liao Z L ZL Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Sewerage System, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, China E-mail: - - 2013
Although a commonly applied measure across the United States and Europe for alleviating the negative impacts of urbanization on the hydrological cycle, low impact development (LID) has not been widely used in highly urbanized areas, especially in rapidly urbanizing cities in developing countries like China. In this paper, given five ...
Johnson Ofonime E - - 2012
This study was carried out to determine the awareness and practice of FGC in a rural community in southern Nigeria. A cross sectional study was carried out among Ayadehe women in Itu, LGA Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria using a semi-structured interviewer administered questionnaire. Information obtained was analysed using SPSS version ...
Yen Steven T - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Coexistence of traditional and modern medicine is common in Asian countries. This paper investigates out-of-pocket expenditures on traditional medicine, traditional medical service, and Western medicine by households in Taiwan. METHODS: Using a national sample of 13,765 households, the three expenditure equations are estimated with a censored system procedure. Effects ...
Wadman Michael C - - 2012
Rural emergency departments (EDs) in the United States are less likely to be staffed with emergency medicine (EM) residency-trained and American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM)-certified physicians than urban EDs. Rural EM clinical experiences during residency training have been suggested as a strategy to encourage future rural practice, but past ...
Njume Collise - - 2012
Diarrhoea is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in rural communities in Africa, particularly in children under the age of five. This calls for the development of cost effective alternative strategies such as the use of herbal drugs in the treatment of diarrhoea in these communities. Expenses associated with ...
Leeuwenburg Tim J - - 2012
In rural Australia, general practitioners (GPs) form the frontline for provision of medical services. Besides responsibilities for primary care via private practice, rural doctors often provide emergency and inpatient services for rural hospitals. The aim of this study was to determine access to difficult airway equipment and training among the ...
Ahmed Najma - - 2012
PURPOSE: To understand what influences career satisfaction among general surgeons in urban and rural areas in Canada in order to improve recruitment and retention in general surgery. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 32 general surgeons in 2010 who were members of the Canadian Association of General Surgeons and who ...
Rodney John R M - - 2012
Electronic fetal monitoring assesses fetal health during the prenatal and intrapartum process. Intermittent auscultation does not detect key elements of fetal risk, such as beat-to-beat variability. Family medicine obstetric fellowships have contributed new knowledge to this process by articulating a method of analysis that builds on evidence-based recommendations from the ...
Malik Vikas - - 2012
To present a structured approach for an outpatient consultation of a child with facial paralysis. Review of literature and description of approach followed in our unit. A focused history and examination is key to establish the cause and draw a management plan for paediatric facial paralysis.
Brown Haywood - - 2012
The maternal-fetal medicine subspecialist plays a critical role in the evaluation and management of women with obstetrical and medical comorbidities. These women have a higher risk for obstetrical morbidity, "near miss," and maternal mortality. Maternal death surveillance is essential to understand the factors that contribute to maternal mortality. Maternal-fetal medicine ...
Greenway-Crombie Angela - - 2012
This article reviews the literature concerning barriers in making a diagnosis of dementia in general practice and examines these from a rural perspective. It is proposed that the increasing prevalence of dementia in coming years in Australia will be felt most keenly in rural communities where there are already shortages ...
Hill Suzanne - - 2012
In April 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) published a list of "priority medicines" for maternal and child health based on 1) the global burden of disease and 2) evidence of efficacy and safety. The objective of this study was to examine the occurrence of these priority medicines on national ...
McGivern Gerry - - 2011
We explore how doctors, psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK react to regulatory transparency, drawing on qualitative research involving 51 semi-structured interviews conducted during 2008-10. We use the concept of 'reactivity mechanisms' (Espeland & Sauder, 2007) to explain how regulatory transparency disrupts practices through simplifying and decontextualizing them, altering practitioners' ...
Engstrom Eric J - - 2011
The paper examines the admissions practices of the German Society for Racial Hygiene (Gesellschaft für Rassenhygiene) between 1905 and 1916. It assesses the Society's changing statutes and the various charts (genealogical, anthropological, and clinical) used to vet prospective members. The Society's admissions procedures were dual-use technologies, at once serving as ...
Davis Jonathan E - - 2011
An acute scrotum is defined as an acute painful swelling of the scrotum or its contents, accompanied by local signs or general symptoms. Early identification and skillful management of testicular torsion is critical, as it may threaten testicular viability and future fertility if not managed expediently and appropriately. The cremasteric ...
Watkins Peter J - - 2011
A family of Watkins doctors originating in the Northamptonshire town of Towcester included 13 doctors in seven generations during 250 years. In each generation there were between one and four doctors. Three doctors involved themselves actively in innovative yet controversial practises, described in their own writings and publications. Timothy Watkins' ...
Irish Bill - - 2011
All applicants to round 1 of national recruitment into the general practice specialty recruitment process were surveyed as to the reasons for, and the timing of their career choices. Most applicants reported decision making after completing undergraduate training citing variety, continuity of care and work-life balance as their main drivers ...
Amini Behrang - - 2011
Although the decision to use nuclear medicine (NM) modalities in the acute care setting is limited by several factors, there are instances in which the use of NM techniques can provide elegant and efficient solutions to otherwise expensive and resource consuming situations. Herein, we describe the indications and NM techniques ...
Davis Daniel P - - 2011
Despite a widespread belief in the value of aggressive prehospital airway management, the therapeutic benefits of early tracheal intubation (TI) remain unclear. In fact, most attempts to elucidate the benefits of prehospital TI on outcome from traumatic brain injury and cardiopulmonary arrest have documented an increase in mortality associated with ...
Dasgupta Dhruba J - - 2010
To discover the level of knowledge and understanding about nuclear medicine techniques among current junior doctors in a hospital setting. A questionnaire was sent out to all Foundation Year 1 and Foundation Year 2 doctors at my institution, asking them to list as many nuclear medicine investigations (with relevant indications) ...
Ballinger J R - - 2010
Most nuclear medicine studies use (99)Tc(m), which is the decay product of (99)Mo. The world supply of (99)Mo comes from only five nuclear research reactors and availability has been much reduced in recent times owing to problems at the largest reactors. In the short-term there are limited actions that can ...
Ambrosio Fabrisia - - 2010
Dramatic changes in the health care landscape over the next few decades undoubtedly will affect rehabilitation specialists' practice. In the multidisciplinary field of regenerative medicine, cell, tissue, or organ substitutes are used to enhance the healing potential of the body. Given that the restoration of normal functioning of injured or ...
Jansma Feyuna F I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Discussion surrounds the publication The White Book on Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine in Europe as to whether the medical specialty termed "physical and rehabilitation medicine" is in fact a reality. OBJECTIVE: To disclose previously undiscussed issues related to The White Book on Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine in Europe by ...
Perales Jesús Luis Gómez - - 2010
In the daily practice of in-hospital or centralized radiopharmacies, there is a need to perform reliable numeric calculations. Furthermore, several nuclear medicine diagnostic tests also involve carrying out calculations. In both cases, these calculations are sometimes complex or tedious and prone to error. We report the development of a computer ...
Neri Ana Claudia - - 2010
A procedure to evaluate mine rehabilitation practices during the operational phase was developed and validated. It is based on a comparison of actually observed or documented practices with internationally recommended best practices (BP). A set of 150 BP statements was derived from international guides in order to establish the benchmark. ...
Negrini S - - 2010
AIM: In the last 40 years, physical and rehabilitation medicine (PRM) has made significant steps forward in Europe with the foundation of the European Federation of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (EFPMR) (1963) which gave rise to the European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM) (2004) the European Academy of ...
Emmanuel Anton - - 2010
This series of articles for rehabilitation in practice aims to cover a knowledge element of the rehabilitation medicine curriculum. Nevertheless they are intended to be of interest to a multidisciplinary audience. The competency addressed in this article is 'The trainee consistently demonstrates a knowledge of the pathophysiology of various specific ...
Harolds Jay - - 2010
Currently there is increasing cooperation between societies in nuclear medicine and radiology. This includes educational, political, and economic collaboration. Part of the reason for this trend is the introduction of SPECT/CT and PET/CT. An increasingly important issue, however, is the difficulty of some nuclear medicine physicians to obtain jobs.
AboZaid Hani A - - 2010
To provide a current estimate of the prevalence and determining factors associated with physical activity among patients attending family medicine clinics in western Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted using an interview-administered questionnaire completed by 329 randomly selected adult Saudi male and female patients attending family medicine clinics at ...
Darcourt Jacques - - 2010
These guidelines summarize the current views of the European Association of Nuclear Medicine Neuroimaging Committee (ENC). The aim of the guidelines is to assist nuclear medicine practitioners when making recommendations, performing, interpreting, and reporting the results of clinical dopamine transporter (DAT) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) studies using (123)I-labelled ...
Fregni Felipe - - 2010
Compared with other specialties, the field of physical and rehabilitation medicine has not received the deserved recognition from clinicians and researchers in the scientific community. One of the reasons is the lack of sound evidence to support the traditional physical and rehabilitation medicine treatments. The best way to change this ...
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