Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 569
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Riebschleger Meredith P MP University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Pediatric rheumatology (PR) practitioners are concentrated in academic centers, rather than being evenly distributed throughout the US. Alternative mechanisms of care delivery, such as secondary clinic sites and telemedicine, may function as a bridge between PR practitioners and children who live far from academic centers. The objective of this study ...
Nimrouzi Majid M Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of - - 2014
Constipation in children with bowel movement less than 3 times a week and lasting for more than 3 months is defined as pediatric chronic constipation. According to traditional Persian medicine resources, dryness of food, low nutrition, hotness or dryness of the gastrointestinal tract, intestine sensory loss, excessive urination, increase of ...
Vallin C C Department of Paediatric Radiology, Tours Regional University Hospitals, Clocheville Hospital, 49, boulevard Béranger, 37000 Tours, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to evaluate, in terms of number of examinations and how effective doses are distributed by location and chronology, the use of CT and nuclear medicine examinations in the management of paediatric oncology patients. This was a retrospective and descriptive study that included 57 children ...
Le Doare Dr Kirsty DK Paediatric Infectious Diseases Research Group, St George's, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE. - - 2014
Antibiotics are a critically important part of paediatric medical care in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC), where infectious diseases are the leading cause of child mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 50% of all medicines are prescribed, dispensed or sold inappropriately, and half of all patients do not ...
Du Yong Y Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Robert Koch Institute, General-Pape-Str, 62-66, Berlin 12101, Germany. - - 2014
Germany is a country with a high use of herbal medicinal products. Population-based data on the use of herbal medicinal products among children are lacking. The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, patterns and determinants of herbal medicine use among children and adolescents in Germany. As data ...
Durlak Wojciech W Department of Pediatrics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, ul. Wielicka 265, 30-663 Krakow, - - 2013
This paper summarizes current knowledge about electrical impedance tomography (EIT) and its present and possible applications in clinical practice in pediatric respiratory medicine. EIT is a relatively new technique based on real-time monitoring of bioimpedance. Its possible application in clinical practice related to ventilation and perfusion monitoring in children has ...
Lee Jian Lynn - - 2013
Background Unlicensed and off-label use of medicines in paediatrics is widespread. However, the incidence of this practice in Malaysia has not been reported. Objective To determine the extent of unlicensed and off-label use of medicines in hospitalised children in the intensive care units of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Methods ...
Dawood Omar Thanoon - - 2013
Minor illnesses in children are often cured at home with over the counter medicines. Even though there is a wide use of medicines among children, they rarely receive medical advice about their medications from doctors or pharmacists. The aim of this study is to evaluate children's beliefs about medicines as ...
Quinonez Ricardo A - - 2013
Despite estimates that waste constitutes up to 20% of healthcare expenditures in the United States, overuse of tests and therapies is significantly under-recognized in medicine, particularly in pediatrics. The American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation developed the Choosing Wisely campaign, which challenged medical societies to develop a list of 5 ...
Dempsey E M - - 2013
In January 2007, the Paediatric Regulation entered into force and established the Paediatric Committee (PDCO) within the European Medicines Agency. The goal of the PDCO is to improve the health of the children of Europe by increasing high-quality research for medicinal products and promoting the development and authorization of such ...
Bellis J R - - 2013
To examine the impact of off-label and unlicensed (OLUL) prescribing on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) causing unplanned admissions to a paediatric hospital. Prescription data from a twelve month prospective cohort study of ADRs detected in children admitted to a paediatric hospital were scrutinised. The relative risk for off-label and unlicensed ...
Easwar Vijayalakshmi V Faculty of Health Sciences, National Centre for Audiology, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6G 1H1 Canada ; Audiology India, Registered Non-government Organization, Mysore, - - 2013
The field of Audiology in India has expanded exponentially in recent years. Audiologists practice in a variety of work places. However, little is known about the practice trends across these several work places. An Internet-based survey probing into Audiology practice was conducted between June and September 2012. The survey focused ...
Knopf Hildtraud - - 2013
Population-based self-reported data on off-label medicine use independent from health care provisions are lacking. The purpose of this study is to investigate off-label medicine use in children and adolescents in Germany in a non-clinical setting and to identify prevalence, determinants and spectrum of off-label medicine use. Data were obtained from ...
van den Tillaar Roland - - 2013
This study compared the effect of practice throwing with specific weights (specificity principle) or with variable weights (variability of practice) for a short practice period in children. Primary school children (N = 41; M age = 7.7 yr., SD = 0.5) were randomly divided into three homogenous groups. The first ...
Balasubramaniam R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the price and affordability of key essential medicines for children in Sri Lanka. METHODS: This national survey investigated the prices and affordability of 25 key essential medicines for children in private sector pharmacies using the WHO/Health Action International (HAI) medicine price methodology. Data were collected from a ...
Hoppu Kalle - - 2013
Access to medicines filling children's therapeutic needs is a long-standing global problem. The problem has been recognised and initiatives for correction were adopted in the USA in the late 1990s, and in the European Union in the first decade of this century. Paediatric medicines are particularly problematic in middle- and ...
Wegener Tankred - - 2013
The limited extent of data available for herbal medicinal products (HMPs) in the paediatric population is related to missing documentation of their use in practice and in literature. Therefore, information for properly evaluating indications, posology, length of treatment and safety in children is often lacking. Frequently, these documentation gaps are ...
Walsh Jennifer - - 2013
The fourth annual European Paediatric Formulation Initiative (EuPFI) conference on Formulating Better Medicines for Children was held on 19-20 September 2012 at the Institute of Molecular Genetics Congress Centre, Prague, Czech Republic. The 2-day conference concentrated on the latest advances, challenges and opportunities for developing medicinal products and administration devices ...
Bellis Jennifer R - - 2013
Off-label and unlicensed (OLUL) prescribing has been prevalent in pediatric practice. Using data from a prospective cohort study of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) among pediatric inpatients, we aimed to test the hypothesis that OLUL status is a risk factor for ADRs. A nested case?control study was conducted within a prospective ...
Br Ne Martin - - 2013
In the last few decades, pediatric medicine has observed a dramatic increase in the prevalence of hitherto rare illnesses, among which obesity, diabetes, allergies and other autoimmune diseases stand out. In addition, secular trends towards earlier onset of puberty and sexual activity contribute to the psychological problems of youth and ...
Tyrrell Edward G - - 2012
Preschool children have a high risk of poisoning. While medicines prescribed by primary care are potential poisoning agents, the risk factors for poisoning from medication are not well described. To identify risk factors for medicinal and non-medicinal poisoning in preschool children. Population-based nested case-control study using The Health Improvement Network ...
Lombel Rebecca M - - 2012
Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) recently published the clinical practice guideline on glomerulonephritis (GN) to assist the practitioner caring for patients with GN. Chapter 4 of the guideline focuses on managing children aged 1-18 years with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS), defined by an inability to achieve complete remission with ...
Danno Karine - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: The study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of homeopathic medicines for the prevention and treatment of migraine in children. Design: This was an observational, prospective, open, nonrandomized, noncomparative, multicenter study. Setting/location: The study was conducted in 12 countries worldwide. Subjects: Fifty-nine (59) physicians trained in the prescription ...
Sundar S - - 2012
Sugar in food and drinks is responsible for the poor dental health of many children and adults. On the other hand, there is no evidence that the small amount of sugar in medicines has been responsible for any dental problems. A recent British Heart Foundation survey found that nearly one ...
Corvol Aline A Université Paris Descartes, France. - - 2013
As case management is under development in France for elderly people, this study sets out to identify and analyse key situations responsible for ethical dilemmas for French case managers. We based our study on the analyses of individual interviews made with case managers and focus-group discussions, bringing together all case ...
Reel Kevin - - 2012
This article outlines one element of the work carried out by a group of Canadian ethicists [Practicing Healthcare Ethicists Exploring Professionalization (PHEEP)]-to begin the deliberative development of a set of practice standards for the Canadian context. To provide a backdrop, this article considers the nature and purpose of practice standards ...
Simpson Christy - - 2012
There are several important conceptual issues and questions about the practice of healthcare ethics that can, and should, inform the development of any practice standards. This paper provides a relatively short overview of seven of these issues, with the invitation for further critical reflection and examination of their relevance to ...
Lebovits Allen - - 2012
Objective.  There are many external influences in today's market force that impair the relationship between the pain medicine specialist and the patient, and ultimately prevent optimal quality of care. This article explores the ethical challenges facing the pain medicine specialist in today's increasingly "business" environment and will offer solutions for ...
Tamin Jacques - - 2012
In the United Kingdom (UK), ethical guidance for doctors assumes a therapeutic setting and a normal doctor-patient relationship. However, doctors with dual obligations may not always operate on the basis of these assumptions in all aspects of their role. In this paper, the situation of UK occupational physicians is described, ...
Idemyor Vincent - - 2012
Our perception of the mechanism by which single genes can cause disease is evolving. This has led to the understanding of the pathophysiological basis of common diseases. Genomic Medicine continues to contribute to the understanding of the molecular basis of disease. Medicine has strived to achieve the goal of tailoring ...
Vaught Jim - - 2012
Biobanks and biospecimens are critical components for many areas of clinical and basic research. The quality of biospecimens and associated data must be consistent and collected according to standardized methods in order to prevent spurious analytical results that can lead to artifacts being interpreted as valid findings. A number of ...
Sebastian Irene - - 2012
Kevin Smith's utilitarian argument against homeopathy(1) is flawed because he did not review and refute the relevant basic science literature on ultra-high dilutions. He also failed to appreciate that allopathic medicine is based on a deductive-nomothetic method and that homeopathic medicine is based on an inductive-idiographic method, and thus that ...
Carmody John - - 2012
Background As our population ages, the proportion of drivers with dementia will continue to rise. Increasingly, health professionals are faced with the clinical dilemma of determining fitness to drive. Unfortunately, the management of drivers with dementia is fraught with hazards. Objective This article attempts to provide an overview of the ...
Slowther A - - 2012
To explore the experience of non-UK-qualified doctors in working within the regulatory framework of the General Medical Council (GMC) document Good Medical Practice. Individual interviews and focus groups. United Kingdom. Non-UK-qualified doctors who had registered with the GMC between 1 April 2006 and 31 March 2008, doctors attending training/induction programmes ...
Klein Carolina A - - 2012
Intentional ingestion and insertion of foreign objects is a topic that has generated mounting interest among medical professionals over the past two decades. When featured in the literature, it has been typically discussed in medical subdisciplines, such as emergency medicine, surgery, gastroenterology, and urology. However, in-depth exploration of this multidimensional ...
Fuks Abraham - - 2012
Abstract:Although the practice of medicine continually changes in response to new biomedical understanding, novel technologies, and evolving cultural contexts, the ethical foundations of the clinical relationship between patient and physician paradoxically remain constant. There are fundamental characteristics with respect to character, behavior, and responsibilities that are descriptive of and necessary ...
Gillett Grant - - 2011
The Cartwright Report was released at a time of massive ethical change in New Zealand medicine, the shock waves spreading throughout the region as they caught the surge of interest in patient autonomy and patient rights. The mood was as revolutionary for health professionals as the late 1960s and 1970s ...
Patil Nanasaheb M - - 2011
A practicing psychiatrist faces dilemmas on a number of occasions, in deciding the best course of action he/she needs to undertake while treating a patient. At times, this choice may not be in accordance with the ethical and moral principles and may in fact appear to violate patient's autonomy and ...
Radaelli Franco - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The management of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) associated coagulopathy is a cornerstone of pre-endoscopic assessment of anticoagulated patients presenting with acute gastrointestinal bleeding. AIMS: To evaluate physician attitudes in the management of VKAs-associated coagulopathy in patients presenting with gastrointestinal bleeding and to assess their compliance to current practice guidelines. ...
Menon Anita - - 2010
The critical incident technique provides a means to better understand the reasons behind clinicians' practices and changes in practice. No standardized tool exists to elicit information using this technique. To create and validate a standardized tool that explores change and reasons for change in professional practice. Item generation was based ...
Martin Dustin R - - 2011
Current fisheries management is, unfortunately, reactive rather than proactive to changes in fishery characteristics. Furthermore, anglers do not act independently on waterbodies, and thus, fisheries are complex socio-ecological systems. Proactive management of these complex systems necessitates an approach-adaptive fisheries management-that allows learning to occur simultaneously with management. A promising area for implementation ...
McConnell Charles R - - 2010
As knowledge exploded and technology advanced in the last 2 centuries or so, present and several recent generations became the first in history to experience massive change in their lifetimes. In our era of rapid change for which no end is in sight, people have had to adjust to the ...
Rollins Genna - - 2010
Everyone in healthcare can feel the ground shifting. The changes are driving demand for information management, and HIM professionals can find new opportunities by keeping engaged and acquiring new skills.
- - 2010
Research, evidence-based practices are emphasized. Measures should address a process proximate to desired outcome. Changes should strengthen the hand of quality managers.
Bartick Melissa - - 2010
Collaborative efforts among hospitals can facilitate the exchange of ideas, provide a forum for discussing the development of new policies or practices or changes to existing policies and practices, and increase the implementation of best practices. In November 2008, the Massachusetts Breastfeeding Coalition formed a collaborative of maternity facilities wishing ...
Lipton-Dibner Wendy - - 2010
With all due respect, the simple truth is that doctors don't always play well in the sandbox. Add in challenges such as reduced reimbursement, shifting to electronic records, and a merger or acquisition, and you have a recipe for trouble. Think marriage is difficult? Work with unhappy doctors and you'll ...
Muggeo Vito M R - - 2010
We discuss some issues relevant to paper of Clegg and co-authors published in Statistics in Medicine; 28, 3670-3682. Emphasis is on computation of the variance of the sum of products of two estimates, slopes and breakpoints.
Fuentes M M P B - - 2010
Managers and conservationists often need to prioritize which impacts from climate change to deal with from a long list of threats. However, data which allows comparison of the relative impact from climatic threats for decision-making is often unavailable. This is the case for the management of sea turtles in the ...
Thakkar Kalpesh - - 2011
Endoscopy is performed frequently in children with chronic abdominal pain (CAP), but its impact on clinical management is unclear. We aimed to examine the frequency of changes in immediate medical management resulting from endoscopy with biopsy evaluating CAP in children. We conducted a prospective cross-sectional study to assess the frequency ...
Halley Marc D - - 2010
The rapidly shifting healthcare landscape requires all-wheel-drive management. Organizations must expect and be prepared for constant change.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >