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Hardy Peter A - - 2013
Convection Enhanced Delivery (CED) is a powerful method of circumventing the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to deliver therapeutic compounds directly to the CNS. While inferring the CED distribution of a therapeutic compound by imaging a magnetic resonance (MR)-sensitive tracer has many advantages, however how the compound distribution is affected by the ...
Laufs Alessandra - - 2013
The aims of this study were (i) to establish a robust and fast method to quantify hepatocellular phosphorus compounds in molar concentration on a 3T clinical scanner, (ii) to evaluate its reproducibility, and (iii) to test its feasibility for a use in large cohort studies. Proton-decoupled (31) P magnetic resonance ...
Yang Fen - - 2013
We have investigated the dynamics of the magnetization of three four-coordinate mononuclear cobalt(ii) compounds, which are synthesized conveniently and are air stable. Slow magnetic relaxation effects were observed for the compounds in the presence of a dc magnetic field.
Fisk M - - 2013
A pleural effusion is defined as an excess of pleural fluid within the pleural space. It can be detected by clinical examination if large enough and by different radiological modalities of the thorax, including chest radiograph, ultrasound or computed tomography. A pleural effusion (unilateral or bilateral) is a common clinical ...
Yasini Mobin - - 2013
Laboratory medicine is responsible for an important part of hospital expenditure. Providing appropriate decision support to laboratory test requesters at the point of care is one of the main incentives for implementing laboratory guidelines, which can improve medical care. Laboratory guidelines developed by local experts in the Parisian region and ...
Salam Tahrina - - 2012
A 79-year-old man presents with signs of an orbital mass. A CT scan revealed a large maxillary mucocele eroding through the orbital floor. Surgical drainage of the mucocele and conservative postoperative care, returned all ophthalmic signs to normal and bony remodelling of the orbital floor was demonstrated. Maxillary mucoceles should ...
Oda Masafumi - - 2012
The present paper provides general dentists with an introduction to the clinical applications and significance of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in the oral and maxillofacial regions. Specifically, the method and characteristics of MRA are first explained using the relevant MR sequences. Next, clinical applications to the oral and maxillofacial regions, ...
Braun U - - 2011
This study describes the results of computed tomography (CT) of the liver, spleen, abomasum, small intestine and large intestine in 30 healthy Saanen goats. CT examination and anatomical slice preparation postmortem were performed as described in the first communication. After subjective evaluation of the CT images, various variables including the ...
Alongi Filippo - - 2011
Magnetic resonance image-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) is an innovative technology in the new panorama of treatment using ultrasound. It combines two well-known and distinct methodologies: high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and a magnetic resonance imaging system (MRI). This review on MRgFUS is focused on the technical aspects and the current ...
Marien Tracy - - 2010
To evaluate the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and up-standing ultrasonography (USUS) for the detection of inguinal hernias (IHs) before open radical retropubic prostatectomy (ORRP) and to assess factors associated with the presence of IHs in these men. From 1 July 2007 to 1 February 2009, 164 men underwent ...
Gurmu Ambatchew - - 2011
Parastomal hernia in patients with a permanent colostomy is common. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the diagnosis based on clinical examination and to compare this examination with the result of a specially designed questionnaire and computerised tomography (CT) scan. Forty-one patients operated upon with ...
Aganovic Lejla - - 2010
Unrecognized CT findings of a prosthetic plug used in inguinal hernia repair can lead to incorrect diagnosis or unnecessary workup of a patient. The objective of this study is to review the expected CT findings present in patients with a history of plug repair. Retrospective cohort study retrieving clinical and ...
Shibuya Hajime - - 2010
A 63-year-old male patient suddenly suffered right lower abdominal pain. The patient had tenderness and rebound tenderness at the right lower abdomen. Marked small bowel dilatation and an intestinal obstruction were evident upon abdominal X-ray and abdominal computed tomography (CT) imaging. CT imaging also revealed a dilated small bowel cluster ...
Khatwa Umakanth - - 2010
Hepatopulmonary fusion is a rare condition in which a dense adhesion occurs between the right lung and herniated hepatic parenchyma in patients with right-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Plain radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of hepatopulmonary fusion in a neonate have been reported in a retrospective study with a ...
Barbier Brion B - - 2011
We report a case of surgically confirmed small bowel obstruction due to hernia through a defect in the broad ligament. Multi-detector computed tomography (CT) demonstrated the presence and the precise location of this very unusual internal pelvic hernia. Those CT findings are presented here.
Chitranjan - - 2010
Sciatic hernia is a rare condition with diverse clinical manifestations. We report a case of sciatic hernia causing sciatica, in which the diagnosis made on CT was subsequently confirmed on MRI including magnetic resonance neurography. The salient clinical and imaging features and a brief review are presented.
Bret Montserrat - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: The research on congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is often carried out on the nitrofen fetal rat model in which most investigations involve microdissections and fastidious assessment of serial sections of different anatomic areas. Current microscopic magnetic resonance (MMR) equipment allows detailed anatomic studies of alive, fresh or fixed fetuses. ...
Fiaschetti Valeria - - 2010
Introduction. Bochdalek hernia is a congenital posterior lateral diaphragmatic defect that allows abdominal viscera to herniate into the thorax. Intrathoracic kidney is a very rare finding representing less than 5% of all renal ectopias with the least frequency of all renal ectopias. Case Presentation. We report a case of a ...
Drafts Brandon C - - 2010
Intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernias are very uncommon and are most typically caused by high-force blunt trauma. Other iatrogenic causes such as prior surgical formation of a pericardial window have been described, but are exceedingly rare. We present a case of an intrapericardial diaphragmatic hernia in a patient with a prior pericardial ...
OHTA Hiroshi - - 2009
A 7-year-old female Boston terrier was referred to Hokkaido University Veterinary Teaching Hospital with a history of hemoglobinuria and anemia for several days. Abdominal radiographs showed splenomegaly, and ultrasonography revealed a hypoechoic splenic parenchyma with interspersed linear echoes consistent with the ultrasonographic appearance of splenic torsion. Ultrasonography and computed tomography ...
Gough Vivienne M - - 2009
A spigelian hernia is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain and its diagnosis is often difficult to make. A CT scan of the patient demonstrated an incarcerated spigelian hernia containing small bowel which had subsequently reduced spontaneously. The patient underwent laparoscopic repair of her spigelian hernia the following day ...
Ahmed Ahmed R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Internal hernias (IHs) can complicate laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). A number of radiological investigations can be used in the diagnosis. These include plain X-rays, upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series, ultrasound, and computed tomography (CT) scanning. We present radiological findings in our series of 58 symptomatic internal hernias based on ...
Stuart Sam - - 2009
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is used to treat end-stage renal failure in an increasing number of patients. CAPD has an advantage over hemodialysis in that it allows patients greater freedom to perform daily activities; it also provides other clinical benefits. However, the long-term effectiveness of CAPD is limited by ...
Kang Tae Wook - - 2009
Hydrothorax as a result of pleuroperitoneal communication is an uncommon complication in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. CT peritoneography is a useful method for evaluating a wide variety of complications due to CAPD. We report a case of pleuroperitoneal communication with specific imaging features on multidetector-row CT peritoneography (MDCT).
Pandey R - - 2009
We describe a case of an 82-year-old lady with groin pain secondary to an obturator hernia. She was a diagnostic challenge, and 6 years passed before the obturator hernia was discovered. She presented to hospital with symptoms of bowel obstruction, and a computer tomography (CT) scan of her pelvis revealed ...
Subramanian Vairavan S - - 2008
A 23-year-old woman was evaluated for right flank pain of one year duration. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a 6 cm defect in the right hemidiaphragm with herniation of the right kidney, adrenal gland, and posterior right hepatic lobe consistent with a congenital right Bochdalek hernia. Computed tomography (CT) urogram ...
Yeung Victor H W - - 2008
PURPOSE: To describe the normal postoperative computed tomographic (CT) appearance of inguinal hernia repair with the Prolene (polypropylene) Hernia System and polypropylene mesh plug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records for 480 consecutive patients who underwent inguinal mesh hernioplasty were reviewed to identify posthernioplasty pelvic CT scans. The presence or ...
Shortt Conor P - - 2008
"Sports hernia" is a frequently used term on athletic injury reports and in the sportscasting media, but its true definition remains elusive in the medical literature. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful tool in the evaluation of clinical athletic pubalgia, yet specific pathologies associated with this commonly encountered syndrome ...
Jacquemin G - - 2008
Herniation of the caecum and the ascending colon in the lesser sac through the Winslow's hiatus is an uncommon cause of intestinal occlusion. The clinical presentation can be acute or chronic. The diagnosis often remains unclear before surgical operation, even with the assistance of abdominal CT, providing an image of ...
Cherian P T - - 2008
AIM: To assess the contribution of high-quality multiplanar reconstructions of the groin from multisection computed tomography (CT) to the accurate diagnosis of inguinal and femoral hernias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients who had undergone both a contrast-enhanced CT and a herniorrhaphy were identified from hospital records. Seventeen were excluded, as ...
Lepor Herbert - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of inguinal hernias in men undergoing open radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: The incidence of preoperative and postprostatectomy inguinal hernias were determined by a retrospective chart review and questionnaire survey of 1130 consecutive men who underwent open RRP by a single surgeon from October 2000 ...
Suzuki Shigeru - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to investigate the CT findings of femoral hernias, focusing on their differentiation from inguinal hernias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of 46 femoral hernias in seven centers (review of femoral hernias) and those of 215 groin hernias (femoral hernias, 11; inguinal ...
Delabrousse Eric - - 2007
The purpose of this study is to report the computed tomography (CT) features of cecal volvulus and to determine the accuracy of CT in distinguishing the three pathophysiological types of cecal volvulus. The CT studies of ten patients with surgically confirmed cecal volvulus were reviewed. For each patient, CT findings ...
Reddy Suraj A - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to define the CT findings of surgically proven transmesocolic internal hernia after laparoscopic gastric bypass. Use of four CT signs should give radiologists a high degree of accuracy and confidence in recognizing internal hernia in patients who have undergone gastric bypass surgery.
SATO, Tomoi
Afferent loop obstruction is an unusual but serious complication following a Billroth-II gastroenterostomy. A 49-year-old man, who had undergone surgery for a peptic ulcer 11 years earlier, was hospitalized with nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Acute pancreatitis was initially suspected with a presence of hyperamylasemia, solely due to the lack ...
Delabrousse Eric - - 2007
The aim of our study is to investigate the pubic tubercle as a reliable CT landmark in distinguishing the three types of groin hernia. CT scans of 42 patients with surgically confirmed groin hernia were reviewed. For each patient, both the anatomical structure within the hernia and the state of ...
Ozkurt Hüseyin - - 2007
Epiploic appendagitis is a rare condition resulting from an acute inflammation of an appendix epiploica. Epiploic appendagitis is frequently misdiagnosed as either acute appendicitis or acute diverticulitis, and the diagnosis is usually made during surgery. Epiploic appendagitis is a rare, self-limiting condition, which can be easily diagnosed with computed tomography ...
Lockhart Mark E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of seven CT signs in the diagnosis of internal hernia after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With institutional review board approval, the CT scans of 18 patients (17 women, one man) with surgically proven internal ...
Kandpal Harsh - - 2007
Internal hernia is difficult to diagnose clinically because the symptoms are often non-specific. Although this entity is an uncommon cause of small-bowel obstruction, prompt diagnosis is essential for a favorable outcome. We report the barium, CT and MRI features of a rare case of non-obstructing combined transmesocolic and left paraduodenal ...
Kosaka Nobuyuki - - 2007
Internal hernia through a defect in the broad ligament is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction, and pre-operative diagnosis is generally difficult. Here, we report our experience in which multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT), which allows direct recognition of incarcerated small bowel, was useful in the pre-operative diagnosis of this hernia.
Barraclough J P - - 2007
Septal obturators and buttons for nasal septal perforations are often poorly tolerated. We describe a new method of obturator construction using three-dimensional imaging which more closely replicates the true anatomy of the defect. Patients were assessed using a questionnaire relating to how symptoms had changed between having no obturator, a ...
Sinha Rakesh - - 2007
Many eminent anatomists originally described abdominal hernias, some of which are still named after the original authors. In this article, the radiologic features of abdominal hernias are reviewed as imaged on x-ray, ultrasound, multidetector computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Recognition of the typical appearance of various types of abdominal ...
Cingi Asim - - 2006
PURPOSE: Parastomal hernia continues to be an important clinical problem with a reported incidence of up to 50 percent. In studies using computerized tomography in selected cases for detection of parastomal hernia, physical examination alone was underestimating the true incidence. Also after closure of the enterostomy, the ostomy site could ...
Lin I Chun - - 2006
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) includes a group of connective tissue disorders with abnormal collagen metabolism and a diverse clinical spectrum. We report two siblings with EDS who both presented with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). The elder sister suffered from recurrent diaphragmatic hernia twice and EDS was overlooked initially. Echocardiography as well ...
Zafar Hanna M - - 2006
Findings of anterior abdominal wall hernias at computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are well documented; however, little information is available about the depiction and characterization of such hernias in barium studies, primarily in small-bowel follow-through examinations. Such examinations are performed frequently, and radiologists should be familiar with the hernia ...
Martin Lucie C - - 2006
Internal hernias, including paraduodenal (traditionally the most common), pericecal, foramen of Winslow, and intersigmoid hernias, account for approximately 0.5-5.8% of all cases of intestinal obstruction and are associated with a high mortality rate, exceeding 50% in some series. To complicate matters, the incidence of internal hernias is increasing because of ...
Aktekin Ali - - 2006
Although intraperitoneal splenosis is a very common disease, intrathoracic splenosis is very rare. It is generally an asymptomatic disease that occurs after thoracoabdominal trauma, and is diagnosed as an intrathoracic mass that leads to unnecessary investigations to be differentiated from other benign or malignant lesions of the chest. We present ...
Libretti Lidia - - 2006
Surgical repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can be performed by means of either direct suturing of the diaphragm or positioning of a prosthetic patch. However, half of all prosthetic patches show evidence of reherniation. We describe the case of an 8-year-old girl who presented with prosthesis dislocation and fistulization ...
Ceylaner S - - 2006
We present an infant with diaphragmatic hernia, anophthalmia and cardiac defect evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) autopsy. This female infant was born at 39th weeks by vaginal delivery and presented with diaphragmatic hernia, anophthalmia, cardiac defect and died due to respiratory problems at 28th hours of life. MRI autopsy ...
Tamamoto Fumihiko - - 2005
Omental torsion is a rare cause of acute abdomen. The diagnosis is usually not established before surgery, but recently some reports have described the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) for the detection of this condition. We encountered a 58-year-old man with torsion of the greater omentum secondary to right-sided inguinal ...
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