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Tirkes Temel T Department of Radiology and Clinical Sciences, Indiana University School of Medicine, 550 N. University Blvd, UH0279, Indianapolis, IN, 46202, USA, - - 2014
Pancreatic cysts are increasingly being identified by cross-sectional imaging studies. Pancreatic cystic lesions comprise a spectrum of underlying pathologies ranging from benign and pre-malignant lesions to frank malignancies. Magnetic resonance imaging with cholangiopancreatography is a non-invasive imaging modality used for the characterization of cystic pancreatic lesions. This article will review ...
van Steenbergen Hanna W HW Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
The phase of arthralgia is the earliest moment to clinically recognize patients who may develop Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Previous imaging studies in the arthralgia phase have shown that inflammation precedes RA development. It is unknown which symptoms/characteristics relate to subclinical joint inflammation as measured by MRI. Among all patients with ...
Lapa Constantin C From the *Department of Nuclear Medicine, and †Comprehensive Heart Failure Center, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2014
A 79-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain. Ultrasound revealed an intra-abdominal mass in the left renal region. Comprehensive endocrine workup was unremarkable. The patient was referred for further diagnostic workup. FDG PET/CT revealed a hypermetabolic mass in the left adrenal region. In addition, pathologically increased tracer uptake of 2 renal ...
Takazawa Makoto M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University , Chiba , - - 2014
Objectives. To document the reliability of Abe's classification and to clarify the predictive factors for acetabular labral lesions in osteoarthritis of the hip with radial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Methods. Reliability trial for the classification of acetabular labral lesion was performed by six orthopedic surgeons, grading 20 radial MR images ...
Leiber L M LM Radiology Department, centre hospitalier universitaire d'Angers, 4, rue Larrey, 49100 Angers, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pelvic venous insufficiency is a frequent pathology in multiparous women. Diagnosis can be made by chance or suspected in the case of symptoms suggesting pelvic congestion syndrome or atypical lower limb varicosity fed by pelvic leaks. After ultrasound confirmation, dynamic venography is the reference pretherapeutic imaging technique, searching for pelvic ...
Mirsadraee Saeed S Clinical Research Imaging Centre, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Cardiovascular computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are being increasingly performed, and both cardiologists and radiologists may take part in reporting. There is debate over the need for dual reporting or the assessment of noncardiac findings. This review highlights the prevalence and significance of noncardiac findings in such investigations and ...
Carr Alaina - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare and define the normal cross-sectional gross and computed tomographic (CT) anatomy for a species of boney fish to better gain insight into the use of advanced diagnostic imaging for future clinical cases. The pacu (Colossoma macropomum) was used because of its widespread ...
Shin Seung-Heon SH Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, South - - 2014
Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) has various histological patterns and the immunologic characteristics differ between eastern and western patients. This study assessed the histological pattern of Korean NPs and determined whether Korean NP patterns have become westernized. Three hundred forty-nine CRSwNP patients were enrolled in this study in 2001 ...
Davis Weston - - 2014
Lateral digital flexor tendonitis is a rarely reported cause of hind limb lameness in performance horses. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe clinical and diagnostic imaging findings for a group of horses with lateral digital flexor tendinitis within the tarsal sheath. Equine cases with a diagnosis of ...
Hu Zhongjie Z Department of Neurology, Xuan Wu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100053, - - 2014
Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) is a prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 75%-80% of aMCI patients finally develop AD. So, early identification of patients with aMCI or AD is of great significance for prevention and intervention. According to cross-sectional studies, it is known that the hippocampus, posterior cingulate ...
Yang Haixia H 1Department of Radiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University , Changsha, Hunan, 410008 , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Many studies have demonstrated the degeneration of pontine transverse and longitudinal tracts in multiple system atrophy (MSA). One purpose of this study was to assess whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can show microstructural abnormalities in these tracts in patients with MSA cerebellar type (MSA-C ). Another purpose was ...
Cui Ruixue R From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Crossed cerebellar hypometabolism on F-FDG PET has been well described. However, crossed cerebellar hypermetabolism is rare. We described a case of crossed cerebellar hypermetabolism in a middle-aged woman. The patient underwent FDG PET to assess epileptogenic focus during her subclinical seizure episode, which was shown on video electroencephalography. The crossed ...
Nadel Helen R HR Pediatric Radiologist and Nuclear Medicine Physician, Division of Nuclear Medicine Department of Radiology, British Columbia Children's Hospital, University of British Columbia, 4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6H3V4, - - 2014
Hybrid SPECT/CT imaging is becoming the standard of care in pediatric imaging. Indications are mainly for oncologic imaging including mIBG scintigraphy for neuroblastoma and I-123 post surgical imaging of children with thyroid carcinoma, bone scintigraphy for back pain, children referred from sports medicine and neurodevelopmentally delayed children presenting with pain ...
Figueroa Victor H VH Department of Pediatric Urology, The Hospital for Sick Children and University Of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Conventional imaging modalities are limited in the assessment of complex lower urinary tract anomalies including ectopic insertion of ureters. MR urography can be useful in these situations. To share our experience with MR urography in assessing lower urinary tract anomalies and to determine its accuracy in depicting ectopic ureters. We ...
Tan York Kiat YK Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore. - - 2014
Over the past decade there have been significant advances in the field of musculoskeletal imaging, especially in the application of ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Both modalities offer significant advantages over the previous standards of clinical examination and radiography, and allow ...
Li Chunjie C Attending Physician and Lecturer, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China School of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, - - 2014
To detect the diagnostic efficacy of computed tomography (CT) in distinguishing mandibular invasion caused by head and neck cancer and to compare the accuracy of contrast-enhanced and plain CT in the diagnosis. Studies designed as cohort studies that detected the diagnostic efficacy of CT on mandibular invasion (including bone cortex ...
Alonso-Farré J M JM Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal; Parc Zoològic de Barcelona, Parc de la Ciutadella s/n, 08003, Barcelona, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) and low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used to scan seven by-caught dolphin cadavers, belonging to two species: four common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) and three striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba). CT and MRI were obtained with the animals in ventral recumbency. After the imaging procedures, six dolphins were ...
Li Xubin X Department of Radiology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Reseaech Center for Cancer, Tianjin, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin 300060, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of three-dimensional (3D) MR maximum intensity projection (MIP) in the assessment of synovitis of the hand and wrist in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared to 3D contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI). Twenty-five patients with RA underwent MR examinations. 3D MR MIP images were derived from the ...
Doria Andrea S AS Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Ave., Toronto, ON, Canada, M5G1X8, - - 2014
Recent advances in hemophilia prophylaxis have raised the need for accurate noninvasive methods for assessment of early cartilage damage in maturing joints to guide initiation of prophylaxis. Such methods can either be semiquantitative or quantitative. Whereas semiquantitative scores are less time-consuming to be performed than quantitative methods, they are prone ...
Conaghan Philip G PG University of Leeds & NIHR Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Leeds, - - 2014
To examine the imaging-detected mechanism of reduction of structural joint damage progression by tocilizumab (TCZ) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using MRI. In a substudy of a randomised, double-blind, phase 3b study (ACT-RAY) of biologic-naïve patients with RA who were methotrexate (MTX)-inadequate responders, 63 patients were randomised to continue ...
Ohashi Kenjirou K Department of Radiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
Use of three-dimensional (3D) color volume-rendered (VR) images has been reported to be more time-efficient compared to that of cross-sectional computed tomography (CT) images for the diagnosis of peroneal tendon dislocation. However, the diagnostic performance of this technique has not been studied. To test diagnostic accuracy of 3D color VR ...
Kampschulte Marian M Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Giessen, Klinikstrasse 33, 35385, Giessen, Germany, - - 2014
Plaque progression in atherosclerosis is closely connected to angiogenesis due to vasa vasorum (VV) growth. Objective of this study was to determine the unknown long-term effect of thalidomide on adventitial VV neovascularization and plaque progression using nano-focussed computed tomography (nano-CT). Proliferation and migration assays in human coronary artery endothelial cells ...
Goni Vijay G VG Department of Orthopaedics, PostGraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Cross-sectional study. The aim of the study was to determine relationship between the degrees of radiologically demonstrated anatomical lumbar canal stenosis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its correlation with the patient's disability level, using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). The relationship between the imaging studies and clinical symptoms has ...
Maclean Edd N EN Advanced Cardiovascular Imaging, NIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit at Barts, William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, - - 2014
Diagnostic accuracy studies determine the clinical value of non-invasive cardiac imaging tests. The 'STAndards for the Reporting of Diagnostic accuracy studies' (STARD) were published in 2003 to improve the quality of study reporting. We aimed to assess the reporting quality of cardiac computed tomography (CCT), single positron emission computed tomography ...
Mediouni Zakia Z From the Inserm (Ms Mediouni and Dr Descatha), Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, "Population-Based Epidemiological Cohorts" Research Platform, Villejuif, France; Université Versailles St-Quentin (Ms Mediouni and Dr Descatha), Versailles, France; AP-HP (Ms Mediouni, Ms de Roquemaurel, Ms Garrabe, and Dr Descatha), Occupational Health Unit/EMS (Samu92), University Hospital of West Suburb of Paris, Garches, France; Plastic and Hand Department (Ms Dumontier), Nice University, Hôpital St Roch, Nice, France; Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris (Mr Becour), Hôtel-Dieu University Hospital, Forensic Unit, Paris, France; and LUNAM Université (Mr Roquelaure), Université d'Angers, Laboratoire d'ergonomie et d'épidémiologie en santé au travail, Angers, - - 2014
A meta-analysis on epidemiological studies was undertaken to assess association between carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and computer work. Four databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Base de Donnees de Sante Publique) were searched with cross-references from published reviews. We included recent studies, original epidemiological studies for which the association ...
Alsafy Mohamed A M MA Anatomy Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria, - - 2014
The current study aimed to document by computed tomography (CT) the anatomical structures of the one-Humped camel head relative to their adaptability to living environments. Seven adult one-Humped camels' heads were used in this study. The structures of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, oral cavity, orbit, and cranium were investigated ...
Hanneman Kate K Department of Medical Imaging, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
The diagnosis of pericardial constriction remains challenging. We sought to evaluate the predictive value of cardiovascular CT-based measurements of inferior vena cava (IVC) parameters in the diagnosis of pericardial constriction. Forty-two consecutive patients referred for assessment of pericardial constriction by 64-slice CT were evaluated. The diagnosis of pericardial constriction was ...
Kang Suzie Hyeona SH Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Pneumológicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Almost all cystic fibrosis (CF) patients reveal upper airway involvement in computed tomography (CT) scans. Sinonasal pathology has become a challenging issue because there are few studies to guide appropriate management. The objective of this study was to provide information about paranasal sinus CT manifestations in CF patients, mainly in ...
Barron M R MR Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2014
Main pancreatic duct (MPD) involvement is a well-demonstrated risk factor for malignancy in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). Preoperative radiographic determination of IPMN type is heavily relied upon in oncologic risk stratification. We hypothesized that radiographic assessment of MPD involvement in IPMN is an accurate predictor of pathological MPD involvement. ...
Li Xubin X Department of Radiology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin 300060, China; Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin 300060, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in detecting synovitis of wrist and hand in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and evaluate its sensitivity, specificity and accuracy as compared to T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) with short tau inversion recovery (STIR) with the reference standard ...
Komlosi Peter P Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, Division of Neuroradiology, University of Virginia, PO Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA, 22908-0170, - - 2014
Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) can decrease image noise, thereby generating CT images of comparable diagnostic quality with less radiation. The purpose of this study is to quantify the effect of systematic use of ASIR versus filtered back projection (FBP) for neuroradiology CT protocols on patients' radiation dose and image ...
- - 2014
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether the presence of a soft (boggy) scalp haematoma predicts the presence of intracranial injury in head-injured children. Three studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and ...
Yuan Chenxi C Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to measure changes in the cross-sectional area of the spinal canal and the area of the intervertebral foramen for each pedicle segment before and after the pedicle extension using computer-simulated transpedicular osteotomy to provide a theoretical basis for clinical decompression in the lumbar spinal ...
Chang Geraldine H GH Department of Radiology, University of California (UCSD), San Diego, CA 92103, - - 2014
Objective. To present a unique case report of a Lisfranc fracture in a patient with a bipartite medial cuneiform and to evaluate the prevalence of the bipartite medial cuneiform in a retrospective review of 1000 magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies of the foot. Materials and Methods. Case report followed by ...
Raji Cyrus A CA UCLA Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
This systematic review evaluated the clinical utility of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in traumatic brain injury (TBI). After defining a PICO Statement (Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome Statement), PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) criteria were applied to identify 1600 articles. After screening, 374 articles ...
Bokacheva Louisa L Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 415 East 68 Street, New York, NY 10065, - - 2013
This review focuses on the applications of high magnetic field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS) to cancer studies in small animals. High-field MRI can provide information about tumor physiology, the microenvironment, metabolism, vascularity and cellularity. Such studies are invaluable for understanding tumor growth and proliferation, response to treatment ...
Pereira Vitor Mendes VM Vitor Mendes Pereira, Karl-Olof Lövblad, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Geneva University Hospitals, 1224 Geneva, - - 2013
Since the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke trial, intravenous thrombolysis has been gaining wide acceptance as the modality of treatment for acute embolic stroke, with a current therapeutic window of up to 4.5 h. Both imaging [with either magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT)] and interventional ...
Hluchy Jan J Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Division of Clinical Electrophysiology, Augusta-Kranken-Anstalt, Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
We present the first description of successful radiofrequency (RF) ablation of a bidirectional atrioventricular accessory pathway (AP) guided by nonfluoroscopic mapping with use of three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging integrated into the Nav-X system (MRI/Nav-X fusion) in a 13-year-old boy with remote surgical palliation for cyanotic criss-cross heart with atrioventricular discordance, ...
Sander Lotte L Department of Urology, Aalborg University Hospital , Aalborg , - - 2013
Background and purpose. Aiming for minimal toxicity after radical prostate cancer (PC) radiotherapy (RT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) target delineation could be a possible benefit knowing that clinical target volumes (CTV) are up to 30% smaller, when CTV delineation on MRI is compared to standard computed tomography (CT). This study ...
Okuma Hidemi H Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan, - - 2013
To evaluate postmortem changes of the aorta on postmortem computed tomography (CT) in comparison with those on antemortem CT obtained in the same patients. We studied 57 consecutive patients who had undergone antemortem CT, postmortem CT, and pathological autopsy in our tertiary care hospital between April 2009 and December 2010. ...
Krabben A A Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2013
MRI is increasingly used to measure inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) research, but the correlation to clinical assessment is unexplored. This study determined the association and concordance between inflammation of small joints measured with MRI and physical examination. 179 patients with early arthritis underwent a 68 tender joint count and ...
Brady Roscoe R Jr From Harvard Medical School; Department of Psychiatry, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA (Drs. Brady and Keshavan); Psychotic Disorders Division and Shervert Frazier Research Institute, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA (Dr. - - 2013
Neuroimaging techniques have begun to elucidate the neurophysiology of bipolar disorder (BPD). Several features of BPD have hindered understanding of how mood-state changes are reflected in changes in brain physiology. Longitudinal studies have advantages in isolating state-related changes and in studying the instability, inherent in these disorders, that gives rise ...
Grande Maria Del MD Division of Rheumatology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; Department of Rheumatology, Klinik St. Katharinental, Diessenhofen, - - 2013
Cervical spine involvement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is considered a feature of long-standing disease. We describe two patients who presented with cervical symptoms as early features of RA. We report two RA cases with cervical spine involvement as early features and use MEDLINE to review the literature concerning the frequency ...
Amendola Richard L - - 2013
Objective: To develop a growth model of the minimum cross-sectional area of the normal pediatric trachea using measurements from magnetic resonance images to supplement the clinical criteria used to determine if a child with tracheal stenosis needs surgery. Study Design: Retrospective imaging review. Methods: A total of 81 patients were ...
Shwayder James - - 2013
Uterine myomas and adenomyosis are common findings, particularly in patients with symptoms of abdominal enlargement, pelvic pressure, abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia. The diagnosis and differentiation between both entities are critical in establishing treatment options and the operative approach for surgical management. This article reviews diagnostic options, their relative ...
Døhn Uffe Møller - - 2013
To test the intrareader and interreader reliability of assessment of joint space narrowing (JSN) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) wrist and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) using the newly proposed OMERACT-RAMRIS JSN scoring method, and to compare JSN assessment on MRI, CT, and radiography. ...
Han Sang-Sun SS Department of Dental Hygiene, Eulji University, Seongnam, - - 2013
A retromolar canal is an anatomical variation in the mandible. As it includes the neurovascular bundle, local anesthetic insufficiency can occur, and an injury of the retromolar canal during dental surgery in the mandible may result in excessive bleeding, paresthesia, and traumatic neuroma. Using imaging analysis software, we evaluated the ...
Kao Hung-Wen - - 2013
Toxic leukoencephalopathy is a structural alteration of the white matter following exposure to various toxic agents. We report a 49-year-old man exposed to an explosion of lacquer thinner with brain MRI features atypical from those of chronic toxic solvent intoxication.
Rainis Tova T Gastroenterology Unit, Bnai-Zion Medical Center, Haifa 31048, - - 2014
Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) is used in the imaging workup of various malignancies. Incidental gastrointestinal observations on FDG PET/CT may be of clinical significance. The aim of the present study was to evaluate endoscopic and histopathological observations in patients referred for colonoscopy due to incidental FDG colonic ...
Sun Ying - - 2013
To investigate features of urate deposition in gout and the association between these features and attacks of gouty arthritis using dual-energy computed tomography (CT). Dual-energy CT scans of both feet were performed in 80 consecutive patients with gout and 22 with asymptomatic hyperuricemia. Overall, 333 areas of urate deposition were ...
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