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Ritchie Ailsa E AE *Central Eye Service, Central Middlesex Hospital; and †Department of Radiology, Northwick Park & Central Middlesex Hospitals, London, United - - 2014
Two patients (68 and 71 years, both female) with sight threatening, active Graves orbitopathy but low clinical activity score underwent MRI scans before and after intravenous corticosteroid treatment. Two MRI techniques, short-term inversion recovery and nonechoplanar diffusion-weighted imaging, were used. Apparent diffusion coefficient values reduced in patient 1 who had ...
Ishimura Mariko M From the Departments of *Radiology, and †Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, - - 2014
We present an unusual case of nasopharyngeal amyloidosis associated with multiple myeloma. A 63-year-old woman presented with 2 months' history of epistaxis and dentalgia 3 years after being diagnosed with multiple myeloma. CT and C-Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) PET images demonstrated that the intense C-PiB uptake corresponded to the nasal, ...
Lee Miyoung M Department of Veterinary Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, College of Veterinary Medicine, Konkuk University, Busan, South - - 2014
A middle-aged cat was presented with vomiting, diarrhea, and pelvic limb paresis. Radiography showed cardiomegaly, interstitial pulmonary infiltration, distended intestinal loops, and portal venous gas. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) was confirmed. On CT, thrombi were identified at the abdominal aorta, superior mesenteric artery, bilateral renal arteries, and cauda vena cava at ...
Huisstede Bionka M BM Erasmus MC - University Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physcial Therapy, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Rehabilitation, Nursing Science & Sports, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To achieve consensus on a multidisciplinary treatment guideline for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Delphi consensus strategy SETTING: Systematic reviews reporting on the effectiveness of surgical and non-surgical interventions were conducted and used as an evidence-based starting point for a European Delphi consensus strategy.Participants: In total, 35 experts - hand surgeons/hand ...
Tsoumakidou Georgia G Non-Vascular IR Department, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France, - - 2014
The authors describe the case of a 6.6-cm symptomatic spinal aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) in a 17-year-old athlete treated percutaneously. Surgical treatment was not considered as the first option owing to its invasiveness and associated morbidity. CT-guided cryoablation of the expansile part of the ABC was performed for tumour shrinkage ...
Gölitz P P From the Departments of Neuroradiology (P.G., T.S., I.K., A.D.), Neurosurgery (K.R.), and Neurology (F.K.), University of Erlangen, Nuremberg, Germany. - - 2014
Because recanalization of coiled cerebral aneurysms is reported to occur, follow-up imaging is mandatory, ideally noninvasively. Our study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of an optimized angiographic CT by using intravenous contrast material injection in the assessment of coiled cerebral aneurysms, compared with MR angiography and digital subtraction angiography, the ...
Acuff Shelley N SN Department of Radiology, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, Tennessee; - - 2014
Patients experience anxiety during imaging procedures because of the confined space, uncertainty about the procedure, worry about the results, and other concerns. When a patient experiences anxiety during PET/CT imaging, the quality of the scan can be affected in several ways. Current patient-technologist communication is limited in PET/CT because the ...
Schippers Maaike G A MG Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The - - 2014
To evaluate volume changes and position shifts and their contribution to treatment margins of pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes during Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) for advanced cervical cancer. Seventeen patients with visible nodes on MR images underwent T2-weighted MR scans before and weekly during the course of IMRT. Thirty-nine ...
Flores Arnaud A Department of Radiology, University Hospital of Besançon, 3 boulevard Alexander Fleming, 25030 Besançon, - - 2014
Report of a case of surgically confirmed closed-loop small bowel obstruction due to internal hernia following transperitoneal ureter reimplantation. Multidetector computed tomography (CT) demonstrated the presence and the cause of this unusual postsurgical internal hernia. The CT findings are presented herein.
Laguna Benjamin A BA Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
A 6-year-old boy with Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRRS) presented to the emergency department with periumbilical abdominal pain for 12 h. A contrast-enhanced abdominal and pelvis CT examination revealed significant interval change in the size and appearance of a previously seen hypoattenuating right mesocolic fatty mass suggestive for lipoma, first observed 5 months prior. ...
Oyinloye O I OI Department of Radiology, University of Ilorin/University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a clinico-neuroradiologic diagnosis, with rapidly evolving neurologic condition, characterized by headache, confusion, altered mental status, seizures, cortical blindness, lethargy, stupor, and occasionally, focal neurological signs accompanied by a typical computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging pattern. With early recognition and treatment, complete resolution of symptoms ...
Chakraborty Suhash S Department of Psychiatry, Hindustan Aeronautics Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, - - 2014
We report a case of multiple parenchymal neurocysticercosis in an elderly lady without raised intracranial tension which caused diagnostic confusion. The initial manifestation was only psychological as delusional disorder without any neurological symptoms or focal neurological deficit. Plain computed tomography scan showed mild bilateral periventricular and subcortical hypodensities. The development ...
Mair Grant G Brain Research Imaging Centre, Division of Neuroimaging Sciences, Centre for Clinical Brain Science, University of Edinburgh, Western General Hospital, Crewe Road, Edinburgh, EH4 2XU, - - 2014
Standard imaging in acute stroke is undertaken with the aim of diagnosing the underlying cause and excluding stroke mimics. In the presence of ischaemic stroke, imaging is also needed to assess patient suitability for treatment with intravenous thrombolysis. Non-contrast CT is predominantly used but MRI can also exclude any contra-indications ...
Hsu Yu-Hone YH Department of Neurosurgery, Cheng-Hsin General Hospital; Taipei, Taiwan - - - 2014
We report our experience in treating the anterior condylar dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) and confirm the location of the coils in the follow-up images after successful endovascular treatment. We retrospectively reviewed the 14 patients with anterior condylar DAVF treated successfully in our institute. Twelve of them had CT or MR ...
Baker Nancy A NA Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
To study the relationship between the severity of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) symptoms and surgery for CTS and the relationship between conservative treatments and surgery for CTS. A secondary analysis of baseline to 6-month data from a randomized controlled trial, which examined the effectiveness of orthosis/stretch combinations on the symptoms ...
Spears Roderick C RC Center for Headache Management, Crozer Chester Medical Center, 1 Medical Center Blvd., Upland, PA, 19013, USA, - - 2014
Low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure results in neurologic deficits, of which the most common manifestation is headache. Typically, the headache is postural - and specifically, orthostatic - in presentation. There are three hypotheses to explain the occurrence of headache associated with low CSF fluid. The first is traction on pain-sensitive ...
Chassagnon Guillaume G From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Orléans Hospital Center, Orléans, - - 2014
We report a case of late omental infarction visualized by F-FDG PET/CT during follow-up for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The 65-year-old patient was referred for imaging 8 months after pancreaticoduodenectomy and 2 months after completion of a course of chemotherapy. PET/CT showed an FDG-avid omental lesion that suggested peritoneal carcinomatosis. The appearance ...
Harvey Allison G - - 2014
Objective: To examine the unique contribution of behavior therapy (BT) and cognitive therapy (CT) relative to the full cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for persistent insomnia. Method: Participants were 188 adults (117 women; M age = 47.4 years, SD = 12.6) with persistent insomnia (average of 14.5 years duration). They were ...
Wilson Craig D - - 2014
Cerebral vasospasm is a potentially devastating complication in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The purpose of this article is to review the use of computed tomogram (CT) angiography and CT perfusion in the diagnosis of cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and also assess their use in guiding treatment decisions. ...
Cho Chul-Hyun CH Pain Research Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Dongsan Medical Center, School of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
We evaluated interobserver and intraobserver reliability of the classification and treatment of acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations and assessed the impact of adding 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) on the reliability of classification and treatment choice. Ten surgeons independently reviewed plain radiographs and 3D CT in 28 cases with AC joint ...
Aoki Mikiko M Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan. - - 2014
Patellar tumors represent an uncommon etiology of anterior knee pain and their diagnosis is often delayed. We present an unusual case of conventional osteosarcoma arising in the patella of a 47-year-old man. The patient presented with a 1-year history of increasing anterior knee pain and swelling. Plain radiographs revealed a ...
Karuppannasamy Divya D Department of Ophthalmology, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of visual disturbances in patients with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) associated with late postpartum eclampsia. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of late postpartum eclampsia patients with features of PRES for the presence of visual disturbances and location of ...
Hong Jae Beom JB Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu 705-717, - - 2014
Periosteal osteosarcoma is an extremely rare chondroblastic osteosarcoma in the flat bone. There were authors reporting of two cases of periosteal osteosarcoma in the highly unusual sites. One of them arose from the rib, in a 17-year-old male, which appeared as a hypodense juxtacortical mass with periosteal reaction on CT. ...
Bydon Mohamad - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study is to estimate the total cost and the quality of life years (QALY) gained for computer tomography (CT)-guided sacroiliac joint (SIJ) injections. The cost per QALY gained for the procedure is the primary end-point of this study. Methods: In our 1-year prospective institutional study, ...
Chiu Joanne S JS Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of - - 2014
Congenital heart disease is associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, but diagnosis by echocardiography can be difficult. We present the unusual case of a patient with a double aortic arch and congenital diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging.
Kerimaa Pekka P Department of Radiology, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 50, 90029, OYS, Oulu, Finland, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of MRI guidance for percutaneous retrograde drilling in the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans of the talus (OCDT). Four patients, one juvenile and three adults, with one OCDT lesion each and persisting ankle pain after conservative treatment, were treated with MRI-guided ...
Avelino Marcela Amaral MA Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Manganese (Mn) toxicity causes an extrapyramidal, parkinsonian-type movement disorder with characteristic magnetic resonance images of Mn accumulation in the basal ganglia. This letter highlights the neurological manifestations and neuroimaging features of inherited manganism (IMn), an unusual and treatable inborn error of Mn homeostasis. Early-onset dystonia with "cock-walk" gait and hyperintense ...
Sharma Shobha S Department of Pediatrics, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
Posterior reversible encephalopathy, better known as potential reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), is a clinicoradiological entity mostly described in adult populations manifesting predominantly as bilateral symmetrical diffuse white matter vasogenic oedema in parieto-occipital regions. Rarely it may also present as patchy reversible areas of involvement in the basal ganglia, brainstem and ...
Dilli Esma E Department of Medicine, Division of Neurology, University of British Columbia, 8219-2775 Laurel Street, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada, - - 2014
Thunderclap headache (TCH) is a sudden severe headache that peaks to maximum intensity within 1 minute. Subarachnoid hemorrhage is the most commonly identified etiology for this headache, however, other secondary etiologies should be considered. Sentinel headache, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, arterial dissection, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, pituitary apoplexy, intracranial hemorrhage, ...
Hong Ji Hee JH Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Recently, there have been several case reports and retrospective studies about the incidence of intradiscal (ID) injection during transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TFESI). Inadvertent ID injection is not a rare complication, and it carries the risk of developing diskitis, although there has been no report of diskitis after TFESI. We ...
Pakozdy Akos A Clinic for Internal Medicine and Infectious - - 2014
A 5-year-old, female client-owned cat presented with acute onset of focal epileptic seizures with orofacial twitching and behavioural changes. Magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral temporal lobe hyperintensities and the EEG was consistent with ictal epileptic seizure activity. After antiepileptic and additional corticosteroid treatment, the cat recovered and by 10 months ...
Silva Renata R RR Division of Child Neurology, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
A 10-year-old girl presented with acute blindness after a severe episode of febrile diarrhea. Magnetic resonance images were consistent with the diagnosis of infarction in the bilateral lateral geniculate bodies.
Tong Aaron Kian Ti AK From the *Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; †Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, and ‡Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, - - 2014
We describe a rare case of myocardial plasmacytoma staged and followed up with FDG PET/CT. A 72-year-old man was incidentally identified with a right ventricular apical mass, which was pathologically confirmed to be a plasmacytoma. A pre-treatment FDG PET/CT scan subsequently showed lesions not only in the right ventricle but ...
Gallamini Andrea A Onco-Haematology Department, A. Lacassagne Cancer Center, 33, av. de Valombrose, 06100, Nice Cedex, France, - - 2014
(18) F-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), combined with a multidetector helical CT (PET/CT) has emerged, in the past decade as one of the most important prognostic tool for lymphoma management. Besides proving as the only imaging technique able to recapitulate all the information yielded by the standard radiological staging and restaging, ...
Mackenzie Shawn D SD Departments of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, - - 2014
A minimally invasive method for delivering injectable therapeutic agents would be desirable for the treatment of intervertebral disc disease in dogs. The purpose of this study was to compare computed tomography (CT), ultrasonography (US), and fluoroscopy modalities for guiding percutaneous injection into canine intervertebral discs. Intervertebral discs of 14 dog ...
Bielińska A A Department of Rheumatology and Balneology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Sniadeckich 10, 31-501, Kraków, Poland, - - 2014
To examine yttrium-90 distribution 1 and 72 h following its injection into a knee joint in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In 14 RA patients we injected yttrium-90 into the affected knee joint using lateral approach. To assess the radioisotope distribution in the joint, the superimposed sequential SPECT and CT imaging ...
Niccoli-Asabella Artor A Nuclear Medicine Unit, D.I.M., University of Bari "Aldo Moro", Bari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Malignancy-associated hypercalcemia is a complication of advanced tumours that is associated to a poor prognosis. Thorough evaluation to establish its cause is essential because some patients may actually have undiagnosed primary hyperparathyroidism. We report a case of a patient affected by Hodgkin's Lymphoma and persistent hypercalcemia with an incidental (18)F-FDG ...
Arora J J Departments of Anatomy, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
During extensive osteological study of 150 dry skulls in the Department of Anatomy, Vardhman Mahavir Medical college, an unusual Paramedian Occipital (POC) condyle was detected in the occipital bone of a cadaveric skull. The anatomical details of this unusual occipital condyle were carefully studied and its morphometric measurements taken. A ...
Priola Adriano Massimiliano AM Department of Radiology, San Luigi Gonzaga University Hospital, 10043 Orbassano (Torino), Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rebound thymic hyperplasia (RTH) with increased (18)F-FGD uptake at positron emission tomography (PET) computed tomography (CT) is typical of pediatric patients after chemotherapy, although it may occasionally occur in adults. At CT, RTH usually appears as a diffusely enlarged thymus with areas of fatty attenuation. We report two cases of ...
Hassold Nicole - - 2014
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most frequent malignant intraorbital tumour in paediatric patients. Differentiation of tumour recurrence or metastases from post-therapeutic signal alteration can be challenging, using standard MR imaging techniques. Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) is increasingly considered a helpful supplementary imaging tool for differentiation of orbital masses. We report on a 15-year-old ...
Atay Musa M Department of Radiology, Bezmialem Vakif University, İstanbul, - - 2014
Nonketotic hyperglycemia has been described as a metabolic cause of Hemiballism-hemichorea (HB-HC), especially in elderly patients with poorly controlled diabetes. Pathophysiology is not known yet. MRI features tend to be hyperintense in the putamen on T1-weighted images. We present conventional MRI with diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and susceptibility weighted imaging ...
Thammaroj Jureerat J Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, - - 2014
Spinal tuberculosis (TB) accounts for 50% or more of skeletal tuberculosis. MRI is a helpful tool for spinal TB. MR findings in spinal TB however, may have several different patterns. The MRI features of spinal TB and classification as usual and unusual findings are reported. The MR images in 52 ...
Bourgeois Austin C AC Department of Radiology, University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, TN - - 2014
Radioembolization with yttrium-90 ((90)Y) microspheres relies on delivery of appropriate treatment activity to ensure patient safety and optimize treatment efficacy. We report a case in which (90)Y positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) was performed to optimize treatment planning during a same-day, three-part treatment session. This treatment consisted of (i) ...
Himabindu Y Y Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, GSL Medical College & General Hospital, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Background & objectives: Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) are common cause of morbidity in women of reproductive age group. High intensity focused ultrasound with the imaging guidance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) known as magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound sonication (MRgFUS) is now available. However, there are no available studies with this ...
Reiter Ursula - - 2014
Even though intra-cardiac cystic lesions are extremely unusual in adults, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with valvular masses. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging has emerged as modality of choice for non-invasive characterization of cardiac masses. We report a case of an intra-cardiac mass of the ...
Kozar Sergeja S Clinical Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive therapy, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, - - 2014
Intraspinal synovial cysts of vertebral facet joints are uncommon cause of radicular pain as well as neurological deficits. They can be managed both conservatively and surgically. A 77-year old polymorbid patient presented with bilateral low back pain which worsened during the course of time and did not respond to the ...
McAndrew Sarah S Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University, Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cerebellar mutism in children occurs after posterior fossa tumor resection and can have lasting effects on cognition, language, and behavior. Cerebellar mutism in acute disseminated encephalomyelitis is rare. A 7-year-old boy with a 3-day history of fever, vomiting, and diarrhea presented with altered mental status and expressive aphasia. Magnetic resonance ...
Subramaniam Rathan M RM Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) represents an emerging disease that differs from HPV-negative OPSCC in natural history and prognosis. Contrast-enhanced PET/CT is essential to accurately stage the primary site when there are smaller tumors; neck nodal metastases, which tend to have a more cystic component; and distant ...
Gross Bradley A - - 2014
Vascular malformations of the brain are often found in the workup of intracranial hemorrhage, seizures, focal neurological deficits, or headaches. Although CT-angiography may reveal an underlying arteriovenous malformation (AVM) or arteriovenous fistula (AVF), other vascular malformations are not easily evaluated on CT and are better seen on magnetic resonance imaging. ...
Biller Armin A Department of Neuroradiology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, - - 2014
To compare a novel combined acquisition technique (CAT) of turbo-spin-echo (TSE) and echo-planar-imaging (EPI) with conventional TSE. CAT reduces the electromagnetic energy load transmitted for spin excitation. This radiofrequency (RF) burden is limited by the specific absorption rate (SAR) for patient safety. SAR limits restrict high-field MRI applications, in particular. ...
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