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Rao Neal M NM Departments of Neurology (NMR, CF, HVV), and Ophthalmology (PP, ASW), David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California; Department of Pathology (PP, ASW), Orlando Regional Medical Center, Orlando, Florida; Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (HVV), and Radiological Sciences (CY, NS), David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, - - 2014
: A middle-aged woman who experienced recurrent episodes of unilateral vision loss and eye pain. On presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated left optic nerve enhancement with patchy hyperintensities in the white matter of both frontal lobes and ill-defined enhancement in a lenticulostriate distribution. Ophthalmologic examination revealed left optic disc ...
Gandhi Kriti K School of Medicine, University of Maryland; Baltimore, MD, USA - - - 2014
The corpus callosal splenium is an uncommon location for Wallerian degeneration (WD), which may be mistaken for new pathology on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We describe the case of a 69-year-old woman with a left posterior cerebral artery infarct in whom progressive WD of the splenium of the corpus callosum ...
Maxwell A W P AW Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To characterize the frequency of identification, clinical importance, and concordance in interpretation of incidental abdominopelvic findings identified on routine lumbar spinal MRI using supplemental expanded field-of-view (FOV) coronal imaging. All lumbar spinal MRI reports over a 12-month period were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of incidental abdominopelvic findings identified using ...
Bengtsson Moström Eva E Department of Womens and Childrens Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
To examine the cartilage quality in young adults with recurrent patellar dislocation in childhood using different magnetic resonance imaging parameters. Sixteen young adults with unilateral recurrent patellar dislocation were investigated ≥5 y (mean, 8.5 y) after the first dislocation. Pre- and postcontrast T1 and precontrast T2 relaxation times were analyzed ...
Palmero-Fernández L L Servicio de Oftalmología, Departamento de Neuroftalmologia. Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), Madrid, España; Red Temática de Investigación Cooperativa en Oftalmología (RETICS), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
A 38-year-old female patient with bilateral papilledema who presented with loss of vision in her left eye. The Magnetic Resonance Imagining (MRI) showed thickening of the dura mater, and the intracranial pressure was elevated. A cancer, infectious, and autoimmune origin was ruled out. The initial response to high doses of ...
Ives E J EJ The Queen's Veterinary School Hospital, Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ES, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
A questionnaire-based study was used to investigate the association between the findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening for syringomyelia (SM) in 79 asymptomatic Cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCS) and the subsequent development of clinical signs consistent with SM in later life. Owners reported clinical signs consistent with SM in ...
Mohammadi A A Department of Surgery,Hunter New England Area Health Service,New Lambton Heights,New South - - 2014
Objective: To investigate whether the aetiology for hearing impairment in neonates with unilateral auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder could be explained by structural abnormalities such as cochlear nerve aplasia, a cerebellopontine angle tumour or another identifiable lesion. Methods: In this prospective case series, 17 neonates were diagnosed with unilateral auditory neuropathy ...
Wang Chenyu C Sydney Neuroimaging Analysis Centre, Sydney, Australia/Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to inform the pathophysiology of medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) axonal dysfunction in patients with internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) due to multiple sclerosis (MS), and develop a composite structural-functional biomarker of axonal and myelin integrity in this tract. Eighteen patients with definite MS and clinically suspected ...
Baldarçara Leonardo L Federal University of Tocantins, Tocantins, - - 2014
Hereditary and sporadic cerebellar ataxias represent a vast and still growing group of diseases whose diagnosis and differentiation cannot only rely on clinical evaluation. Brain imaging including magnetic resonance (MR) and nuclear medicine techniques allows for characterization of structural and functional abnormalities underlying symptomatic ataxias. These methods thus constitute a ...
Kachniarz Bart B Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
To perform a systematic review to analyze the diagnostic yield of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for pediatric hearing loss, including comparison to computed tomography (CT) and subgroup evaluation according to impairment severity and specific diagnostic findings (cochlear anomalies, enlarged vestibular aqueduct, cochlear nerve abnormalities, and brain findings). Pubmed, EMBASE, and ...
Fahl Camila N CN Department of Neurology and Neuroimaging Laboratory, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Machado-Joseph disease (SCA3) is the most frequent spinocerebellar ataxia worldwide and characterized by remarkable phenotypic heterogeneity. MRI-based studies in SCA3 focused in the cerebellum and connections, but little is known about cord damage in the disease and its clinical relevance. To evaluate the spinal cord damage in SCA3 through quantitative ...
Flemming Donald J DJ Department of Radiology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The magnetic resonance (MR) imaging presentations of arthritis of the knee are important for radiologists to recognize because these disorders are often clinically unsuspected. When they are known or clinically suspected, knowledge of imaging features allows for the confirmation and characterization of the extent of disease. This article reviews the ...
Lee Cheong-Bok CB Department of Radiology, Asan Foundation, Gangneung Asan Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Gangneung 210-711, - - 2014
To evaluate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) observer variability to detect ectopic insertion of the pectoralis minor tendon (EIPMT) and to investigate changes in the rotator interval in patients with EIPMT using MRI. A total of 507 shoulder MRIs (male:female = 259:248; mean age, 55.4 years) were classified into 1) normal ...
Chhablani Jay - - 2014
Purpose: The aim was to study choroidal thickness (CT) and its profile based on location in healthy Indian subjects using Cirrus high definition (HD) optical coherence tomography. Materials and Methods: A total of 211 eyes of 115 healthy subjects with no retinal or choroidal disease were consecutively scanned using Cirrus ...
Gossner Johannes J Department of Clinical Radiology, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Göttingen-Weende; Göttingen, Germany - - - 2014
Selective nerve root infiltrations are frequently performed in patients with lumbar radiculopathy. Computed tomography (CT) is now commonly used for image guidance. Despite the widespread use of CT-guided lumbar nerve root infiltrations few studies have systematically examined the safety of this approach. In a two-year period, 231 lumbar nerve root ...
Hsieh Chin-Chiang CC Department of Radiology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, - - 2014
Premature adjacent-level degeneration has been attributed to vertebral fusion, but spondylolisthesis has not been reported as a pathological factor responsible for the degeneration of adjacent disc and facet joint. We hypothesized that the degeneration of disc and facet joints in the adjacent levels is correlated with spondylolisthesis. Magnetic resonance images ...
Thøfner M S MS Department of Veterinary Clinical and Animal Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, - - 2014
Syringomyelia (SM) is common in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (CKCS). Dogs with syringes express clinical signs or might be clinically silent. To investigate the prevalence and heritability of symptomatic SM, the association between clinical signs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, and long-term outcome. All CKCS registered in the ...
D'Août C C Department of Veterinary Medicine, Integrated Veterinary Research Unit-Namur Research Institute for Life Sciences (IRVU-NARILIS), University of Namur, Namur, - - 2014
Traumatic and infectious diseases of the eye and orbit can occur in horses. For diagnosis and monitoring of such diseases, medical imaging is useful including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of the current study was to describe CT and MRI anatomy of the equine orbit ...
Anand Geetha G Department of Paediatric Neurology, Children's Hospital, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, - - 2014
Paediatric opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a poorly understood condition with long-term cognitive, behavioural, and motor sequelae. Neuroimaging has indicated cerebellar atrophy in the chronic phase, but this alone may not explain the cognitive sequelae seen in many children with OMS. This study aimed to determine the extent of structural change ...
Zimmerman Stefan L SL The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 North Caroline Street, JHOC 3142, Box 0818, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) is a rare inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by fibrofatty replacement of the right ventricular myocardium and risk of sudden death from ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays an important role in the diagnostic evaluation of patients and family members suspected of having ARVC/D. This ...
Tucker Melissa D MD Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-7060, USA (MD Tucker, Sellon, RL Tucker); IDEXX Reference Laboratories Inc., Pullman, Washington, USA (Wills); Dillon Small Animal Hospital, Dillon, Montana, USA (Simonsen); Intracellular Pathogens Research Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA (Maggi, - - 2014
This report describes a 2-year-old collie dog with pulmonary nodules, visualized by computed tomographic (CT) scan, with evidence of Bartonella henselae bacteremia and pyogranulomatous lymphadenitis. Clinical signs resolved with antimicrobial therapy.
Kwon Hee Kyu HK Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To determine the correlation between the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve measured at the wrist using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography (US) and the electrophysiological severity of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). We prospectively examined 102 wrists of 51 patients with clinical CTS, which were classified into 3 groups according to ...
Hoey Edward T D ET 1 Department of Radiology, 2 Department of Cardiology, Heart of England NHS Trust, Birmingham, - - 2014
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common inheritable cardiac disorder, with an estimated prevalence of 1:500 in the general population. Most cases of HCM are phenotypically expressed in adolescence or early adulthood but age-related penetrance with certain phenotypes is increasingly recognized. Clinical manifestations of HCM are usually the result of ...
Sen Debraj D Department of Radiodiagnosis, Military Hospitals, Amritsar, - - 2014
Hypertrophic olivary degeneration is a trans-synaptic neuronal degeneration associated with hypertrophy of the inferior olivary nucleus due to a lesion in the triangle of Guillain-Mollaret. Familiarity with this entity on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is essential to avoid other erroneous ominous diagnoses. We present a case of bilateral hypertrophic olivary ...
Tamura Shinji S Tamura Animal Clinic, 7-16 Yoshimien, Saeki-ku, Hiroshima, 731-5132, - - 2014
Intradural disc herniation is a rarely reported cause of neurologic deficits in dogs and few published studies have described comparative imaging characteristics. The purpose of this retrospective cross sectional study was to describe clinical and imaging findings in a group of dogs with confirmed thoracolumbar intradural disc herniation. Included dogs ...
de Rezende T J R TJ Department of Neurology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil; Department of Cosmic Rays and Chronology, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, - - 2014
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD/SCA3) is the most frequent spinocerebellar ataxia, characterized by brainstem, basal ganglia and cerebellar damage. Few magnetic resonance imaging based studies have investigated damage in the cerebral cortex. The objective was to determine whether patients with MJD/SCA3 have cerebral cortex atrophy, to identify regions more susceptible to damage ...
Manley Andrew T AT Department of Neurology, University of South Alabama, Mobile, - - 2014
By pareidolically recognizing specific patterns indicative of particular diseases, neuroimagers reinforce their mnemonic strategies and improve their neuroimaging diagnostic skills. Joubert Syndrome (JS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized clinically by mental retardation, episodes of abnormal deep and rapid breathing, abnormal eye movements, and ataxia. Many neuroimaging signs characteristic of ...
Leavitt Jacqueline A JA Departments of Ophthalmology (JAL, WLB, JSP, MCB) and Neurology (WS, MCB), Mayo Foundation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
: A 39-year-old man with long-standing ataxia, spasticity, dysarthria, and peripheral neuropathy was found to have diffuse thickening of the retinal nerve fiber layer in both eyes, as manifested by prominent retinal striations and confirmed by optical coherence tomography. Magnetic resonance imaging showed severe atrophy of the superior cerebellar vermis ...
Yang Justin Cheng-Ta JC Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering and College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Medical Imaging, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Medical Imaging, National Taiwan University Hospital, Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsinchu, Taiwan; Department of Radiology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Chu-Tung Branch, Hsinchu, - - 2014
Pediatric cardiac computed tomography (CT) is a noninvasive imaging modality used to clearly demonstrate the anatomical detail of congenital heart diseases. We investigated the impact of cardiac CT on the utilization of cardiac catheterization among children with congenital heart disease. The study sample consisted of 2648 cardiac CT and 3814 ...
Salga Marjorie M Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, APHP, CIC-IT 805, 104 bd Raymond Poincaré, 92380, Garches, - - 2014
To describe the characteristics of neurogenic heterotopic ossification (NHO) based on clinical tests, electroneuromyography (ENMG) and CT in a database of patients with lesions of the central nervous system who required sciatic nerve neurolysis along with posterior hip NHO resection, and to determine the respective roles of ENMG and CT ...
Vijaykumar Kadambari K Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Giant axonal neuropathy is an autosomal recessive disorder of childhood with distinct morphological features. An 8-year-old boy presented with progressive walking difficulty and recurrent falls. Evaluation showed frizzy hair, characteristic facies, sensory motor neuropathy, and ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed bilateral symmetric white matter signal changes in the cerebellum ...
Daghistani Razan R Department of Radiology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, P.O. Box 80200, Jeddah, 21589, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Cerebellar tubers have been recognized as a feature of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), but the evolution of cerebellar tubers with brain maturation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the evolution of MRI characteristics of cerebellar tubers in children with TSC longitudinally. The MRI features of cerebellar ...
Okada Seiji S Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Marked neurological deterioration within a few days of traumatic spinal cord injury, known as subacute posttraumatic ascending myelopathy, is rare. Although several hypotheses regarding the pathogenesis of this condition have been proposed, the details remain elusive. We report a case of subacute posttraumatic ascending myelopathy in which a series of ...
Kim Hyung-Seok HS Department of Neurosurgery, IS Hallym Medical Center, Incheon, - - 2014
Spontaneous intracranial vertebrobasilar dissection can manifest with various clinical symptoms, including subarachnoid hemorrhage or ischemic symptoms from impaired posterior circulation. A 29-year-old woman came to our emergency department with a sudden onset of left sided mild motor weakness and headache. Initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed mild luminal irregularities in ...
Thiese Matthew S MS Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze differences in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) prevalence using a combination of electrodiagnostic studies (EDSs) and symptoms using EDS criteria varied across a range of cutpoints and compared with symptoms in both ≥1 and ≥2 median nerve-served digits. Pooled data from 5 prospective cohorts. Hand-intensive industrial settings, including manufacturing, ...
Lee Jae - - 2014
Axonal degeneration is a major determinant of permanent neurological impairment during multiple sclerosis (MS). Due to the variable course of clinical disease and the heterogeneity of MS lesions, the mechanisms governing axonal degeneration may differ between disease stages. While the etiology of MS remains elusive, there now exist potential prognostic ...
Xing Wu W Department of Radiology, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha - - 2014
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) and Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) are similar diseases that are often referred to jointly as SCA3/MJD. As the most common autosomal-dominantly inherited subtype of hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), HSP4 (or SPG4) has overlapping symptoms with SCA3/MJD, which hinders their diagnoses. Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a ...
Zhou Zhi-Hang ZH From the *Institute of Pathology and Southwest Cancer Center, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China; †Key Laboratory of Tumor Immunopathology, Ministry of Education of China, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China; and ‡Institute of Neurosurgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to present an uncommon intracranial germinoma manifesting as skull base extension and analyze its clinical characteristics to give valuable insight into such uncommon radiologic variant. This is a clinical study of a 15-year-old girl with intracranial germinoma manifesting as skull base extension. Clinical characteristics, ...
Freeman A C AC Animal Health Trust, Centre for Small Animal Studies, Newmarket, Suffolk, - - 2014
Although Chiari-like malformation (CM) and syringomyelia (SM) have been described in many small breed dogs, the prevalence and clinical manifestations of this complex have not been documented in a large cohort of American Brussels Griffon (ABG) dogs. To characterize the clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of CM and ...
Müller Katharina K NeuroCure Clinical Research Center, Charité-Universitaetsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, - - 2014
Intra-lesional venous lumen shrinking detectable by MRI was suggested as an in vivo marker of inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS). In our study mean diameters of pre-, post- and intra-lesional venous sections were determined in 49 patients with MS or clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) using a pixel-wise analysis on susceptibility-weighted ...
Dumont Clemens C Department of Trauma Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University Medical Center Göttingen, Goettingen, Germany, - - 2014
To assess ligament lesions and subluxations of the carpometacarpal joints of the thumbs (CMC I) of asymptomatic volunteers and of patients with CMC I osteoarthritis using advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A total of 20 CMC I joints of 14 asymptomatic volunteers (6× both sides) and 28 CMC I joints ...
Sarraf Payam P Department of Neurology, Iranian Center of Neurological Research, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy. It accounts 90% of all entrapment neuropathies all over the world. Ultrasound is a non-invasive, cost effective and available para-clinical method which could be applied for CTS diagnosis. Cross-sectional area of the median nerve at the level of the inlet ...
Guérin G G From the Department of Radiology (G.G., C.A.S., F.G., J.R.), Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Notre-Dame Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; and Laboratory of Interventional Neuroradiology (S.J., J.R.), Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Notre-Dame Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
The repeatability of head CT interpretations may be studied in different contexts: in peer-review quality assurance interventions or in interobserver agreement studies. We assessed the agreement between double-blind reports of outpatient CT scans in a routine academic practice. Outpatient head CT scans (119 patients) were randomly selected to be read ...
Taketani Kaori K Human Health Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto - - 2014
Normal growth of the lateral ventricles (LVs) was characterized three-dimensionally using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from 16 human fetuses at 16-25 weeks of gestation. The LV was differentiated into 4 primary regions, the anterior horn, central parts, posterior horn, and inferior horn, at 16 weeks of gestation. The LV ...
Zbýň S - - 2014
The presented evaluation of the relative uncertainty (δ'CCC) of the (choline + creatine)/citrate (CC/C) ratios can provide objective information about the quality and diagnostic value of prostate MR spectroscopic imaging data. This information can be combined with the numeric values of CC/C ratios and provides metabolic-quality maps enabling accurate cancer detection and ...
Shishido Hiroki H Division of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Sapporo Medical University - - 2014
Identification of the compression factor in cervical disc herniation and cervical spondylotic radioculopathy is often problematic when using two-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This prompted us to compare and examined three-dimensional sequences, coherent oscillatory state acquisition for the manipulation of image contrast (COSMIC), fast imaging employing steady state acquisition (FIESTA) ...
Smits Marion M Department of Radiology, Erasmus MC-University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has been used to investigate the white matter (WM) tracts underlying the perisylvian cortical regions known to be associated with language function. The arcuate fasciculus is composed of 3 segments (1 long and 2 short) whose separate functions correlate with traditional models of conductive and transcortical ...
Chang Eric Y EY Department of Radiology, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, 92161, USA, - - 2014
To determine the feasibility of using MR microscopy to characterize the root ligaments of the human knee at both ultra-high-field (11.7 T) and high-field (3 T) strengths. Seven fresh cadaveric knees were used for this study. Six specimens were imaged at 11.7 T and one specimen at 3 T using isotropic or ...
Kearney Hugh H 1 NMR Research Unit, Queen Square MS Centre, UCL Institute of Neurology, London WC1N 3BG, UK - - 2014
Neuropathological studies in multiple sclerosis have suggested that meningeal inflammation in the brain may be linked to disease progression. Inflammation in the spinal cord meninges has been associated with axonal loss, a pathological substrate for disability. Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging facilitates the investigation of spinal cord microstructure by approximating histopathological ...
Loizou C P CP Department of Computer Science, School of Sciences, Intercollege, 92, Ayias Phylaxeos Street, PO Box 51604, 3507 Limassol, Cyprus. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigates the application of texture analysis methods on brain T2-white matter lesions detected with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the prognosis of future disability in subjects diagnosed with clinical isolated syndrome (CIS) of multiple sclerosis (MS). Brain lesions and normal appearing white matter (NAWM) from 38 symptomatic untreated ...
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