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Chance Aaron A Division of Neurological Surgery, Departments of Pediatric Surgery and Neurosurgery, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, and Mischer Neuroscience Institute, 6431 Fannin Street, MSB 5.144, Houston, TX, 77030, - - 2014
Hydrocephalus is common in patients with open neural tube defects (NTDs), but association with closed NTDs has rarely been reported. We describe three patients with untreated closed NTDs who required surgery for hydrocephalus. Case 1: A full-term newborn presented with a skin-covered midline lumbar spine lipoma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Winters Stephen J SJ Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes (SJW), University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky; Department of Radiation Oncology (CS), University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky; Brain Tumor Center (TV), Norton Neuroscience Institute; and Departments of Pathology (MRN), Radiology (DCC), Norton Health Care, Louisville, - - 2014
: A 60-year-old man with Addison's disease, primary hypothyroidism and type 2 diabetes mellitus who was treated with stable doses of hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone developed increasing skin pigmentation and a bitemporal hemianopia. The plasma ACTH level was 14,464 pg/mL, and an invasive pituitary macroadenoma with suprasellar extension was found on ...
Spaccarelli Natalie N Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street 4283, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19104, USA. - - 2014
Primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCLs) include both cutaneous T-cell and B-cell lymphomas and comprise the second most common type of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. The treatment and prognosis of PCLs typically depend on the extent of disease. In evaluating extent of disease in oncological processes, computed tomography (CT) provides a purely anatomical ...
Karunanithi Sellam S From the Departments of *Nuclear Medicine, and †Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is an uncommon cutaneous soft tissue sarcoma tumor that arises from the dermis of the skin. Sarcomas of the intestines are rare, and a DFSP arising from the small intestine is a very rare occurrence. Here we present F-FDG PET/CT imaging findings of a 60-year-old man with ...
Mallinson Paul Ian PI 1 Department of Radiology, Vancouver General Hospital and University of British Columbia, 899 W 12th Ave, Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to discover the types and incidence of artifacts in dual-energy CT (DECT) using datasets of 50 consecutive patients who underwent a four-limb DECT protocol for the evaluation of suspected gout. Identification of artifacts and techniques for artifact reduction are discussed. CONCLUSION. Artifacts commonly ...
Ilott Andrew J AJ Department of Chemistry, New York University, 100 Washington Square East, New York, NY 10003, - - 2014
While experiments on metals have been performed since the early days of NMR (and DNP), the use of bulk metal is normally avoided. Instead, often powders have been used in combination with low fields, so that skin depth effects could be neglected. Another complicating factor of acquiring NMR spectra or ...
Yang Minglei M Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Room C249, Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Ultrasound-MRI/CT fusion imaging is widely used in minimal invasive surgeries, such as liver biopsy and tumor ablation. However, respiration-induced quasi-periodic liver motion and deformation cause unacceptable misalignment of the fusion images (i.e., fusion error). A subject-specific liver motion model based on skin-mounted position sensor and corresponding ultrasound liver image sequence ...
Chung Jae-Joon JJ Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 211 Eonju-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 135-720, Korea, - - 2014
This study was done to investigate the efficacy of a lead shield in protecting the tissues outside the primary beams, such as the breast and thyroid, by measurement of the entrance skin dose during CT of the brain, neck, abdomen, and lumbar spine. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. This ...
Lapa Constantin C From the Departments of *Nuclear Medicine, and †Hematology and Oncology, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2014
A 63-year-old man with a 1-year course of IgA-λ multiple myeloma (MM) and a history of autologous stem cell transplantation presented with multiple nontender, nodular violaceous skin lesions that were located predominantly on his trunk. Diagnostic workup using F-FDG PET/CT revealed disseminated disease including highly hypermetabolic (sub)cutaneous lesions, consistent with ...
Jiang Zhaohua Z Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The surgical treatment of microcystic lymphatic malformations (LMs) has historically been difficult and frustrating because of a high recurrence rate due to incomplete resection. However, complete removal of the multifocal and extensive lesions rely on accurate imaging diagnosis and effective repair methods for the resulting large defect. The purpose of ...
Juan Yu-Hsiang YH 1 Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, L1, ASB-1, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to enlighten radiologists with the clinical presentation, multimodality imaging features, local recurrence, distant spread, differential diagnosis, and prognosis of skin and subcutaneous malignancies. CONCLUSION. Cutaneous and subcutaneous malignancies represent the most common type of cancer and frequently present with overlapping imaging appearances. CT, ...
Sasaki Makoto M Division of Clinical Radiology Service, Kyoto University - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of positional verification during overall radiation treatment periods in accelerated partial breast irradiation using one or more surgical clips. We first investigated the appropriate computed tomography (CT) slice thickness and detectability of clips for a matching criterion in a phantom ...
Cyrulnik Amanda A - - 2014
Multicentric reticulohistiocytosis (MR) is a rare debilitating disease that involves the skin and joints. It most commonly affects white individuals but has been reported in other ethnic groups including black individuals, Native Americans, and Asians. The Hispanic population is largely underrepresented in the epidemiology of MR. We describe 2 Hispanic ...
Stoffels Ingo I Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology, University-Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Hufelandstr. 55, 45122, Essen, - - 2014
Malignant melanoma has become a major growing interdisciplinary problem in public health worldwide. Sentinel lymph node excision (SLNE) in conjunction with preoperative SPECT/CT is considered the most sensitive and specific staging test for the detection of micrometastatic melanoma in regional lymph nodes. Among patients with clinically lymph node-negative melanoma, the ...
Menzel A A Clinic for Swine and Small Ruminants, Forensic Medicine and Ambulatory Services, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173, Hannover, - - 2014
Current methods of diagnosis of respiratory diseases in swine are invasive, time-consuming and expensive. Infrared thermography (IRT) of the thorax might provide a new method of high specificity to select swine affected with lung alterations for further diagnostics. In this study, layer thickness of different tissues was determined in frozen ...
Otjen Jeffrey P JP Seattle Children's Hospital, Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Department of Radiology, Seattle, Washington, - - 2014
The use of magnets as a component of complementary and alternative medicine is increasingly common. Magnet therapy is used to treat a variety of conditions and often involves tiny magnets adhered to the skin. In auriculotherapy, magnets are placed in specific locations of the ear pinnae which represent particular parts ...
Kamaleshwaran Koramadai Karuppusamy KK Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET/CT, Comprehensive Cancer Care Centre, Kovai Medical Centre and Hospital Limited, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Differentiated thyroid cancer frequently metastasizes but generally spreads to regional cervical lymph nodes and, in advanced cases, to the lungs and/or skeleton. Metastases to the skin/subcutaneous tissue are rare. We report 45-year-old male patient presented with a loin swelling which on biopsy showed a papillary carcinoma and referred for fluorodeoxyglucose-positron ...
Sánchez-Sánchez R R Servicio de Medicina Nuclear, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, - - 2014
Malignant melanoma accounts for 5% of all malignant skin tumors and its incidence is increasing. In the natural course of melanoma, tumors grow locally and can spread via the lymph system or the blood. Because survival is directly related to the stage of the disease at diagnosis, early detection (secondary ...
Nureki Shin-Ichi SI Department of Respiratory Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Oita University Faculty of - - 2014
We report an unusual case of cardiac sarcoidosis demonstrated by interventricular septal thickening. A 64-year-old woman was diagnosed with sarcoidosis involving the lungs, eyes, and skin. Three years later, renal dysfunction was detected during a periodic examination and a renal biopsy revealed non-caseating granulomas. Electrocardiogram results were normal, but an ...
Tekgündüz Sibel A SA Departments of *Pediatric Oncology †Pathology, Dr Sami Ulus Children Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
A 3-year-old girl underwent a surgery at an external center on July 2011 for a swelling in the left lumbar paravertebral subcutaneous region. The mass was completely excised and the pathologic diagnosis was a yolk sac tumor (YST). Laboratory tests revealed a serum α-fetoprotein level of 278 IU/mL. Investigations using ...
Nelson Thomas R TR Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this article is to provide a brief review of CT scanning radiation sensitivity in children and explain CT scan parameters that affect radiation dose. We discuss key factors influencing radiation dose and study quality and how these factors can be used to optimize scan protocols with the ...
Zhao Qianqian - - 2014
A few studies on the depth from the skin to the cervical epidural space (DSES) have been reported from the United States, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. There are no published reports from mainland China. The goal of this study was to collect standard data on Chinese adults from mainland ...
Shan Chen Jen CJ Division of Urology, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Purpose: We developed a stereotactic device to guide the puncture for percutaneous nephrolithotripsy, which uses the distance from the target calyx to its perpendicular point on skin (SCD) to calculate the needle´s entry angle. This study seeks to validate the use of measurements obtained by ultrasound (US) and computerized tomography ...
Jeong Yun-Jeong YJ 0000-0001-9144-7403 Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Goyang, - - 2014
The presence of radiographic lesions suggesting old healed tuberculosis (TB) is one of the strongest risk factors for the subsequent development of active TB. We elucidated the metabolic activity of radiographic lesions suggesting old healed TB using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT). This cross-sectional study included 63 participants ...
Sklar Lindsay R LR Department of Dermatology, Wayne State University, 18100 Oakwood Blvd, Ste 300, Dearborn, MI, 48124, - - 2014
Several ultrasonic devices have recently been investigated for their ability to decrease areas of focal adiposity and tighten small areas of the skin. Studies show that ultrasound technology offers a safe, reliable, and predictable means to sculpt the body of nonobese patients, but its efficacy remains uncertain. Although most studies ...
Reali Alessia A Department of Oncology, Radiation Oncology, University of Turin, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess, in a department of radiation oncology not equipped with in-room imaging systems, volumetric and positional changes of planning target volumes (PTVs) and organs at risk in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), using consecutive off-board computed tomography (CT) imaging. ...
Harden S P SP Department of Cardiothoracic Radiology, University Hospital Southampton NHS Trust, Southampton, - - 2014
This is a commentary on the use of radiation dose as a quality marker in CT coronary angiography.
Huang Zhemin Z From the PET Center of Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
A 17-year-old male patient was admitted into our hospital with granulomatous eruption (primarily on the lower extremities), diarrhea, fever, and weight loss for 6 months. F-FDG PET/CT scan was performed to rule out the possibility of malignant metastasis or paraneoplastic syndromes. F-FDG PET/CT scan showed multiple bone and skin lesions ...
Zemp Roland R Institute for Biomechanics, ETH Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
Soft tissue artefact affects the determination of skeletal kinematics. Thus, it is important to know the accuracy and limitations of kinematic parameters determined and modelled based on skin marker data. Here, the curvature angles, as well as the rotations of the lumbar and thoracic segments, of seven healthy subjects were ...
Liljencrantz Jaquette J Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg University Gothenburg, Sweden ; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Gothenburg, - - 2014
In humans converging evidence indicates that affective aspects of touch are signaled by low threshold mechanoreceptive C tactile (CT) afferents. Analyses of electrophysiological recordings, psychophysical studies in denervated subjects, and functional brain imaging, all indicate that CT primary afferents contribute to pleasant touch and provide an important sensory underpinning of ...
Nakamura Satoshi S Department of Dermatology, Jichi Medical University, Saitama Medical Center, Tennumacho 1-847, Oomiya 330-8503, Saitama, Japan. - - 2014
Myocardial sarcoidosis is known as a significant complication of sarcoidosis, but Holter electrocardiographic monitoring or echocardiograms might not be sensitive enough to detect cardiac involvement. While gallium scintigraphy has been recommended, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography might be more sensitive to detect sarcoidosis. This report comprises the cases of 12 ...
Dong Aisheng - - 2013
Steatocystoma multiplex is a rare, benign, sporadic or familial disorder. Steatocystoma multiplex with extensive calcification is extremely rare. A 57-year-old man presented fever and cough with expectoration for 3 weeks. Chest CT showed bilateral pleural effusion. FDG PET/CT showed diffuse FDG uptake of the bone marrow and multiple hypermetabolic calcified ...
Chen Xiaohua - - 2013
Erythema nodosum (EN) is histopathologically an acute septal panniculitis of subcutaneous adipose lobule. It can be either idiopathic or secondary to various underlying conditions. A female patient with EN underwent FDG PET/CT to search underlying cause. The images showed enlarged lymph nodes in the mediastinum with moderately elevated FDG uptake ...
Zhu Hongyun June - - 2013
A 48-year-old man with a newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia developed purpuric rash on day 6 after chemotherapy. Skin biopsy on day 8 demonstrated Grover disease. Triamcinolone treatment started on day 10 with subjective improvement on day 15. Initial FDG PET/CT on day 12 demonstrated rarely seen diffuse skin uptake ...
Asano Maiko - - 2013
We report a case of diplopia during continuous epidural injection presumably caused by catheter migration. A 61-year-old woman underwent shoulder surgery under general anesthesia with cervical epidural anesthesia. The epidural catheter was placed in the C6-C7 epidural space with some difficulty before general anesthesia. The depth of the catheter placed ...
Van Raak Sjoerd M - - 2013
Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS) is a rare, homozygous, autosomal recessive disease, characterized by deposition of hyaline material in skin and other organs, resulting in esthetic problems, disability, and potential life-threatening complications. Most patients become clinically apparent in the first few years of life, and the disorder typically progresses with the ...
Zender Chad - - 2013
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is instrumental in staging and treatment of cutaneous melanoma. SPECT/CT, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) integrated with computed tomography (CT), increases the accuracy of SLN mapping to improve surgical planning. SPECT/CT can correct for signal scatter to prevent masking, which is especially common in the ...
Lazaga Francisco Jose - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to estimate retrospectively the incidence of clinically significant findings in the lower extremities in patients with malignant cutaneous melanoma scanned from the skull vertex to the bottom of the feet and whether these add additional diagnostic and prognostic information and to demonstrate a confidence ...
Wallenstein Matthew B - - 2013
A 16-month-old previously healthy boy was admitted to the hospital with respiratory distress and thrombocytopenia. Initial workup demonstrated large pleural and pericardial effusions. The patient had no cutaneous abnormality on physical examination, and his initial chest CT (computed tomography) was nondiagnostic. He required multiple platelet transfusions, chest tube placement, and ...
Subesinghe Manil - - 2013
To assess the clinical impact of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) compared with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in patients referred via the Specialist Skin Cancer Multidisciplinary Team (SSMDT) with recurrent stage III/IV malignant melanoma (MM). Forty-five patients were referred for further evaluation with FDG PET-CT. Findings on FDG ...
AbAziz Aini A Department of Molecular Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Cheras, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2013
Background: Skin metastases from either prostate adenocarcinoma or multiple myeloma rarely occur. We report the case of a 73-year-old man with multiple myeloma who presented with multiple subcutaneous nodules 3 years after his initial diagnosis. Methods: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging was suggestive of a concomitant second ...
Oh Ga Na - - 2013
Most studies about the structures of the human skin have been on the general histologic features of the skin. The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between the microrelief (MR) pattern and histologic structure of the human skin, and to find the usefulness of the three-dimensional reconstruction ...
Akita Sadanori - - 2013
Vascular anomalies comprise vascular tumours and vascular malformations. Some vascular anomalies result in ulcerations and necrosis. In vascular tumours, infantile haemangiomas are predominant and ulceration is demonstrated in up to 16%. In vascular malformations, arteriovenous malformations predominate and frequently demonstrate either primary ulceration or skin necrosis after diagnostic and therapeutic ...
Huang B - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that the oximetry-derived perfusion index (PI) recorded in the index finger may provide earlier objective evidence for correct positioning of the needle tip during computed tomography (CT)-guided thoracic sympathetic blockade than skin temperature in palmar hyperhidrosis. Forty-four CT-guided thoracic sympathetic blockades were prospectively performed in both ...
Sasaki Y - - 2013
SUMMARY:Mandibular actinomycosis is an uncommon disease. We retrospectively reviewed 6 patients with pathologically proven mandibular actinomycosis who underwent both CT and MR imaging to evaluate the characteristic imaging findings. CT results showed an irregularly marginated lesion with increased bone marrow attenuation, osteolysis, and involvement of the skin in all patients. ...
Nougaret Stephanie - - 2013
Rectal cancer is a common and serious disease in the Western hemisphere. Optimal treatment of rectal cancer involves a multidisciplinary approach, with collaboration required between radiologists, oncologists, surgeons, and pathologists to achieve local control and decrease the rate of recurrence. Several studies have been published that show the ability to ...
de Las Heras Hugo - - 2013
A straightforward method is presented to estimate peak skin doses (PSDs) delivered by computed tomography (CT) scanners. The measured PSD values are related to the well-known volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), displayed on the console of CT scanners. PSD measurement estimates were obtained, in four CT units, by placing radiochromic ...
Kureel Shiv Narain - - 2013
To study the anatomic arrangement of the fascial planes and superficial vessels in relationship to the laid-open urethral plate, glans, corpus spongiosum, and corpora cavernosa in the penis of patients with exstrophy or epispadias. Of 6 patients, 4 had classic exstrophy and 2 had incontinent epispadias. These patients had presented ...
Shah Kairav - - 2013
To report a case of limbic encephalitis (LE) presenting with psychosis. Case report. A woman with LE initially presented with acute psychotic symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed hyperintensity in bilateral temporal lobes. Paraneoplastic and autoimmune antibodies were negative, but symptoms resolved after starting methylprednisolone. A greater awareness for and ...
Mandava Anitha A Department of Radiodiagnosis, Central Hospital, Lalaguda, Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
High-resolution variable frequency ultrasound imaging is increasingly being used in the noninvasive evaluation of various cutaneous diseases. It plays a complimentary role to physical examination in the assessment of cutaneous lesions. It is the only imaging modality useful in the evaluation of superficial cutaneous lesions that are too small to ...
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