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Menzel A A Clinic for Swine and Small Ruminants, Forensic Medicine and Ambulatory Services, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Bischofsholer Damm 15, D-30173, Hannover, - - 2014
Current methods of diagnosis of respiratory diseases in swine are invasive, time-consuming and expensive. Infrared thermography (IRT) of the thorax might provide a new method of high specificity to select swine affected with lung alterations for further diagnostics. In this study, layer thickness of different tissues was determined in frozen ...
Otjen Jeffrey P JP Seattle Children's Hospital, Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Department of Radiology, Seattle, Washington, - - 2014
The use of magnets as a component of complementary and alternative medicine is increasingly common. Magnet therapy is used to treat a variety of conditions and often involves tiny magnets adhered to the skin. In auriculotherapy, magnets are placed in specific locations of the ear pinnae which represent particular parts ...
Sánchez-Sánchez R R Servicio de Medicina Nuclear, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, - - 2014
Malignant melanoma accounts for 5% of all malignant skin tumors and its incidence is increasing. In the natural course of melanoma, tumors grow locally and can spread via the lymph system or the blood. Because survival is directly related to the stage of the disease at diagnosis, early detection (secondary ...
Nureki Shin-Ichi SI Department of Respiratory Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Oita University Faculty of - - 2014
We report an unusual case of cardiac sarcoidosis demonstrated by interventricular septal thickening. A 64-year-old woman was diagnosed with sarcoidosis involving the lungs, eyes, and skin. Three years later, renal dysfunction was detected during a periodic examination and a renal biopsy revealed non-caseating granulomas. Electrocardiogram results were normal, but an ...
Tekgündüz Sibel A SA Departments of *Pediatric Oncology †Pathology, Dr Sami Ulus Children Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
A 3-year-old girl underwent a surgery at an external center on July 2011 for a swelling in the left lumbar paravertebral subcutaneous region. The mass was completely excised and the pathologic diagnosis was a yolk sac tumor (YST). Laboratory tests revealed a serum α-fetoprotein level of 278 IU/mL. Investigations using ...
Nelson Thomas R TR Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this article is to provide a brief review of CT scanning radiation sensitivity in children and explain CT scan parameters that affect radiation dose. We discuss key factors influencing radiation dose and study quality and how these factors can be used to optimize scan protocols with the ...
Zhao Qianqian - - 2014
A few studies on the depth from the skin to the cervical epidural space (DSES) have been reported from the United States, South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. There are no published reports from mainland China. The goal of this study was to collect standard data on Chinese adults from mainland ...
Jeong Yun-Jeong YJ 0000-0001-9144-7403 Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Goyang, - - 2014
The presence of radiographic lesions suggesting old healed tuberculosis (TB) is one of the strongest risk factors for the subsequent development of active TB. We elucidated the metabolic activity of radiographic lesions suggesting old healed TB using (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT). This cross-sectional study included 63 participants ...
Sklar Lindsay R LR Department of Dermatology, Wayne State University, 18100 Oakwood Blvd, Ste 300, Dearborn, MI, 48124, - - 2014
Several ultrasonic devices have recently been investigated for their ability to decrease areas of focal adiposity and tighten small areas of the skin. Studies show that ultrasound technology offers a safe, reliable, and predictable means to sculpt the body of nonobese patients, but its efficacy remains uncertain. Although most studies ...
Reali Alessia A Department of Oncology, Radiation Oncology, University of Turin, S. Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Orbassano, Turin, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess, in a department of radiation oncology not equipped with in-room imaging systems, volumetric and positional changes of planning target volumes (PTVs) and organs at risk in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients treated with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), using consecutive off-board computed tomography (CT) imaging. ...
Harden S P SP Department of Cardiothoracic Radiology, University Hospital Southampton NHS Trust, Southampton, - - 2014
This is a commentary on the use of radiation dose as a quality marker in CT coronary angiography.
Huang Zhemin Z From the PET Center of Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, - - 2014
A 17-year-old male patient was admitted into our hospital with granulomatous eruption (primarily on the lower extremities), diarrhea, fever, and weight loss for 6 months. F-FDG PET/CT scan was performed to rule out the possibility of malignant metastasis or paraneoplastic syndromes. F-FDG PET/CT scan showed multiple bone and skin lesions ...
Nakamura Satoshi S Department of Dermatology, Jichi Medical University, Saitama Medical Center, Tennumacho 1-847, Oomiya 330-8503, Saitama, Japan. - - 2014
Myocardial sarcoidosis is known as a significant complication of sarcoidosis, but Holter electrocardiographic monitoring or echocardiograms might not be sensitive enough to detect cardiac involvement. While gallium scintigraphy has been recommended, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography might be more sensitive to detect sarcoidosis. This report comprises the cases of 12 ...
Liljencrantz Jaquette J Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Gothenburg University Gothenburg, Sweden ; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital Gothenburg, - - 2014
In humans converging evidence indicates that affective aspects of touch are signaled by low threshold mechanoreceptive C tactile (CT) afferents. Analyses of electrophysiological recordings, psychophysical studies in denervated subjects, and functional brain imaging, all indicate that CT primary afferents contribute to pleasant touch and provide an important sensory underpinning of ...
Dong Aisheng - - 2013
Steatocystoma multiplex is a rare, benign, sporadic or familial disorder. Steatocystoma multiplex with extensive calcification is extremely rare. A 57-year-old man presented fever and cough with expectoration for 3 weeks. Chest CT showed bilateral pleural effusion. FDG PET/CT showed diffuse FDG uptake of the bone marrow and multiple hypermetabolic calcified ...
Chen Xiaohua - - 2013
Erythema nodosum (EN) is histopathologically an acute septal panniculitis of subcutaneous adipose lobule. It can be either idiopathic or secondary to various underlying conditions. A female patient with EN underwent FDG PET/CT to search underlying cause. The images showed enlarged lymph nodes in the mediastinum with moderately elevated FDG uptake ...
Zhu Hongyun June - - 2013
A 48-year-old man with a newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia developed purpuric rash on day 6 after chemotherapy. Skin biopsy on day 8 demonstrated Grover disease. Triamcinolone treatment started on day 10 with subjective improvement on day 15. Initial FDG PET/CT on day 12 demonstrated rarely seen diffuse skin uptake ...
Asano Maiko - - 2013
We report a case of diplopia during continuous epidural injection presumably caused by catheter migration. A 61-year-old woman underwent shoulder surgery under general anesthesia with cervical epidural anesthesia. The epidural catheter was placed in the C6-C7 epidural space with some difficulty before general anesthesia. The depth of the catheter placed ...
Van Raak Sjoerd M - - 2013
Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS) is a rare, homozygous, autosomal recessive disease, characterized by deposition of hyaline material in skin and other organs, resulting in esthetic problems, disability, and potential life-threatening complications. Most patients become clinically apparent in the first few years of life, and the disorder typically progresses with the ...
Zender Chad - - 2013
Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is instrumental in staging and treatment of cutaneous melanoma. SPECT/CT, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) integrated with computed tomography (CT), increases the accuracy of SLN mapping to improve surgical planning. SPECT/CT can correct for signal scatter to prevent masking, which is especially common in the ...
Lazaga Francisco Jose - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to estimate retrospectively the incidence of clinically significant findings in the lower extremities in patients with malignant cutaneous melanoma scanned from the skull vertex to the bottom of the feet and whether these add additional diagnostic and prognostic information and to demonstrate a confidence ...
Wallenstein Matthew B - - 2013
A 16-month-old previously healthy boy was admitted to the hospital with respiratory distress and thrombocytopenia. Initial workup demonstrated large pleural and pericardial effusions. The patient had no cutaneous abnormality on physical examination, and his initial chest CT (computed tomography) was nondiagnostic. He required multiple platelet transfusions, chest tube placement, and ...
Subesinghe Manil - - 2013
To assess the clinical impact of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG PET-CT) compared with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in patients referred via the Specialist Skin Cancer Multidisciplinary Team (SSMDT) with recurrent stage III/IV malignant melanoma (MM). Forty-five patients were referred for further evaluation with FDG PET-CT. Findings on FDG ...
Oh Ga Na - - 2013
Most studies about the structures of the human skin have been on the general histologic features of the skin. The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between the microrelief (MR) pattern and histologic structure of the human skin, and to find the usefulness of the three-dimensional reconstruction ...
Akita Sadanori - - 2013
Vascular anomalies comprise vascular tumours and vascular malformations. Some vascular anomalies result in ulcerations and necrosis. In vascular tumours, infantile haemangiomas are predominant and ulceration is demonstrated in up to 16%. In vascular malformations, arteriovenous malformations predominate and frequently demonstrate either primary ulceration or skin necrosis after diagnostic and therapeutic ...
Huang B - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that the oximetry-derived perfusion index (PI) recorded in the index finger may provide earlier objective evidence for correct positioning of the needle tip during computed tomography (CT)-guided thoracic sympathetic blockade than skin temperature in palmar hyperhidrosis. Forty-four CT-guided thoracic sympathetic blockades were prospectively performed in both ...
Sasaki Y - - 2013
SUMMARY:Mandibular actinomycosis is an uncommon disease. We retrospectively reviewed 6 patients with pathologically proven mandibular actinomycosis who underwent both CT and MR imaging to evaluate the characteristic imaging findings. CT results showed an irregularly marginated lesion with increased bone marrow attenuation, osteolysis, and involvement of the skin in all patients. ...
Nougaret Stephanie - - 2013
Rectal cancer is a common and serious disease in the Western hemisphere. Optimal treatment of rectal cancer involves a multidisciplinary approach, with collaboration required between radiologists, oncologists, surgeons, and pathologists to achieve local control and decrease the rate of recurrence. Several studies have been published that show the ability to ...
de Las Heras Hugo - - 2013
A straightforward method is presented to estimate peak skin doses (PSDs) delivered by computed tomography (CT) scanners. The measured PSD values are related to the well-known volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), displayed on the console of CT scanners. PSD measurement estimates were obtained, in four CT units, by placing radiochromic ...
Kureel Shiv Narain - - 2013
To study the anatomic arrangement of the fascial planes and superficial vessels in relationship to the laid-open urethral plate, glans, corpus spongiosum, and corpora cavernosa in the penis of patients with exstrophy or epispadias. Of 6 patients, 4 had classic exstrophy and 2 had incontinent epispadias. These patients had presented ...
Shah Kairav - - 2013
To report a case of limbic encephalitis (LE) presenting with psychosis. Case report. A woman with LE initially presented with acute psychotic symptoms. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed hyperintensity in bilateral temporal lobes. Paraneoplastic and autoimmune antibodies were negative, but symptoms resolved after starting methylprednisolone. A greater awareness for and ...
Mandava Anitha A Department of Radiodiagnosis, Central Hospital, Lalaguda, Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2013
High-resolution variable frequency ultrasound imaging is increasingly being used in the noninvasive evaluation of various cutaneous diseases. It plays a complimentary role to physical examination in the assessment of cutaneous lesions. It is the only imaging modality useful in the evaluation of superficial cutaneous lesions that are too small to ...
Ra Jong Yun - - 2013
To clarify the relationship of skin temperature changes to clinical, radiologic, and electrophysiological findings in unilateral lumbosacral radiculopathy and to delineate the possible temperature-change mechanisms involved. One hundred and one patients who had clinical symptoms and for whom there were physical findings suggestive or indicative of unilateral lumbosacral radiculopathy, along ...
Rothman Lisa R - - 2013
Iododerma is a rare cutaneous eruption occurring after iodine administration. Nine cases of iododerma following intravenous contrast have been reported in the English-language literature, typically in patients with renal insufficiency. We report a case of iododerma in a patient with relatively unimpaired renal function who underwent serial computer tomography (CT) ...
Sharma Punit - - 2013
Cutaneous angiosarcomas (CAS) are uncommon, aggressive tumours. Very rarely, they arise from the lower extremity. Such tumours are usually associated with chronic lymphedema, a phenomenon known as Stewart-Treves Syndrome. Treatment is usually radical surgery with adjuvant therapy (radiotherapy/chemotherapy). Recurrence rate after primary treatment is high. Because of post therapy changes, ...
Mochizuki Yumi - - 2013
We are reporting a case of recurrent myoepithelioma of the parotid gland, that emerged as a cutaneous mass. She had a retroauricular subcutaneous mass with an underlying diagnosis of a cutaneous myoepithelioma, which was excised at a hospital's Dermatology Department 2 years earlier. The tumour was observed above the platysma ...
Ito Kimiteru - - 2013
A 67-year-old woman underwent F-FDG PET/CT after developing a fever of unknown origin. PET/CT revealed intensive FDG uptake at the nasal and lung lesions. On the laboratory data, serum myeloperoxidase antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) titer was elevated, although serum directed against proteinase 3 (PR3) ANCA titer was within normal limits. ...
Cuda D - - 2013
We report a retrospective case of inner magnet migration, which occurred after 1.5 Tesla MRI scanning in an adult recipient of a bilateral cochlear implant (CI) despite a focused head dressing. The patient, bilaterally implanted with Nucleus 5 CIs (Cochlear LTD, Sydney, Australia), underwent a 1.5 Tesla cholangio-MRI scan for ...
Rampin L - - 2013
A 76-year-old woman was referred to our centre to perform (18)F-FDG PET/CT with the clinical suspicion of vasculitis. Whole body PET was negative for vasculitis but it depicted moderate hypermetabolism in several lymph nodes of the mediastinum and intense uptake of the tracer in the parotid glands. Since the patient ...
Xu Zhoubing Z Electrical Engineering, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA - - 2013
The treatment of ventral hernias (VH) has been a challenging problem for medical care. Repair of these hernias is fraught with failure; recurrence rates ranging from 24-43% have been reported, even with the use of biocompatible mesh. Currently, computed tomography (CT) is used to guide intervention through expert, but qualitative, ...
Shah Komal - - 2013
Perineural spread along the nasociliary branch of the ophthalmic nerve has not been previously described, to our knowledge. One case of cutaneous squamous carcinoma at the medial canthus and another of melanoma of the nasal ala, with nasociliary nerve perineural spread, are illustrated here. Whereas magnetic resonance imaging is preferred ...
Münster Silvia - - 2013
We report a rare case of atypical mycobacteriosis diagnosed by F-FDG PET/CT. A 28-year-old man with a history of kidney transplantation presented with fever, painful nodular skin lesions, and elevated inflammatory markers. FDG PET/CT demonstrated multiple subcutaneous, cutaneous, and osseous areas of increased tracer uptake. Histopathologic and microbiological evaluation revealed ...
Epstude Maximilian - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare but very aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the skin in elderly patients with higher mortality compared with melanoma. No evidence-based standardized chemotherapy exists for metastasized patients.We report the case of an 87-year-old patient with the history of resection of a large MCC of ...
Bellet Jane Sanders - - 2013
This paper focuses on the diagnosis and management of developmental anomalies of the skin that may be seen early in life. Common locations include the head, nose, preauricular area of the face, neck, and spine. Those that occur in or near the midline can be more serious because of possible ...
Bingham Brigid A - - 2013
ABSTRACT: PET using the radiotracer F-FDG is used for staging patients with esophageal cancer. Nonmalignant conditions, mainly inflammation and some benign tumors, however, can cloud the clinical picture by taking up FDG and producing a false-positive result. We report the case of a 46 year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma ...
Lu Suat-Jin - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Scar involvement is a rare but characteristic cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis. The concurrent presence of FDG-avid lymphadenopathy and scar involvement (the "scar sign") is a useful finding on FDG PET/CT to suggest sarcoidosis, especially when biopsy specimens are difficult to obtain. A 46-year-old woman who presented with fever, cough, ...
Maruyama Yuji Y Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Musashikosugi Hospital, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan. - - 2013
Volume-rendering computed tomography (CT) without contrast medium has clearly demonstrated the 3-D mapping of the saphenous vein (SV). Contrastless volume-rendering CT was used to preoperatively evaluate the SV anatomy before coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This technique was useful for atypical anatomical variations, such as partial duplication of SV (Case ...
Ackerley Rochelle - - 2013
Human tactile sensibility in hairy skin is mediated not only by fast conducting myelinated (Aβ) afferents, but also by a system of slow conducting, unmyelinated afferents that respond preferentially to light touch, C-tactile (CT) afferents. This system has previously been shown to correlate with the pleasantness of tactile stimuli, where ...
Chhabra Avneesh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and observer performance of 3-Tesla magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) in the evaluation of meralgia paresthetica (MP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent readers were blinded to the clinical diagnosis and evaluated the MRN studies of the pelvis of 11 patients with MP and 28 control ...
Enzenhofer Elisabeth - - 2013
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive neuroendocrine tumor of the skin with a mortality rate of approximately 25% (Peloschek et al., 2010). Accurate assessment of nodal involvement in patients with MCC predicts significantly overall outcome (Smith et al., 2012 and Ortin-Perez et al., 2007). Due to the rarity ...
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