Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 892
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Twardowschy Carlos Alexandre - - 2007
Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) may be precipitated by aggressive correction of a hypo or hyper-osmolar states. We describe the case of a 53-year-old woman that was started on fluoxetine 20 mg/day for depression and nine days later was found to have fluoxetine-induced syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone. After ...
Chiou Yih-Hwa - - 2007
We presented a case of previous healthy postpartum woman suffering from seizure of sudden onset with conscious change and anisocoric pupils. Head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple high signal-intensity lesions on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) / T2 weighted image (T2WI) in bilateral subcortical white matters (especially the parieto-occipital areas), ...
Bartynski W S - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although the term posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) was popularized because of the typical presence of vasogenic edema in the parietal and occipital lobes, other regions of the brain are also frequently affected. We evaluated lesion distribution with CT and MR in a large cohort of patients ...
Geldof K - - 2007
A case is reported of a 20-year-old female presenting with confusion and progressive sensory aphasia. CT and MRI showed bilateral and symmetric acute necrosis of the basal ganglia and of the left temporal and occipital lobe, besides chronic spinocerebellar degeneration. The imaging findings suggested a mitochrondrial encephalopathy. Genetic examination confirmed ...
Borhani Haghighi Afshin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To report the neuropathologic features of a patient with neuro-Beh?et disease and to review the literature. METHODS: Herein, we describe a 35-year-old male who fulfills the International Study Group criteria for Beh?et disease. RESULTS: The patient developed headache and hemiparesis in a subacute course. His neurologic examination revealed an ...
Surges Rainer - - 2007
We report on a patient suffering from bilateral sudden blindness as initial symptom of Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE). A 37-year-old male alcoholic was admitted to a psychiatric clinic because of excessive alcohol consumption (3.4 per thousand). 24 h later he developed acute bilateral blindness with no light perception, downbeat nystagmus, bilateral ...
Daghighi M H - - 2007
Intracranial physiological calcifications are unaccompanied by any evidence of disease and have no demonstrable pathological cause. They are often due to calcium and sometimes iron deposition in the blood vessels of different structures of the brain. Computed tomography (CT) is the most sensitive means of detection of these calcifications. The ...
Compta Yaroslau - - 2007
Anti-Hu encephalomyelitis is one of the most frequent paraneoplastic syndromes, classically presenting with diffuse neurological involvement. We report a 69-year-old man presenting with a three-month isolated, progressive gait disorder with normal neurological examination, except for loss of balance and gait failure reminding frontal disequilibrium, only accompanied by a very mild ...
Cazorla María R - - 2007
A case of 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyryl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency, an X-linked defect of isoleucine degradation, is reported. A 10-month-old male infant with developmental regression, visual impairment, movement disorder, and seizures, he suffered acute deterioration with multiorganic failure after a respiratory infection. Laboratory studies revealed hyperlactacidemia and increased excretion of 2-methyl-3-hydroxybutyric acid (2M3HBA) ...
Kakisaka Yosuke - - 2007
Brainstem reticular reflex myoclonus (BRRM) is characterized by sudden, generalized, shock-like movements that can be elicited by sensory stimulation. We present a boy, born after 35 weeks gestation, who was diagnosed with neonatal-onset BRRM. Within 1 hr of birth, the patient showed spasticity and generalized clonic movements of all limbs ...
Pound Catherine M - - 2007
A 7-year-old girl with an unusual reaction to induction chemotherapy for precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is described. The patient developed acute encephalopathy evidenced by behavioral changes, aphasia, incontinence, visual hallucinations, and right-sided weakness with diffuse cerebral vasospasm on magnetic resonance angiography after the administration of intrathecal cytarabine. Vincristine, ...
Hsieh Chin-Tung - - 2007
The trace element manganese is usually supplied when total parenteral nutrition is used. However, long-term parenteral administration of manganese, which bypasses the normal regulatory mechanism, may cause hypermanganesemia. Manganese poisoning presents clinically with parkinsonian-like symptoms and psychological changes. Seizures are a rare presentation of this disease. This report describes a ...
Meral Hasan - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Chronic overexposure to manganese (Mn) may cause neuronal degeneration. Manganese intoxication is well known to induce parkinsonism. Manganese intoxication may be associated with abnormal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (abnormal signal hyperintensity in the globus pallidus and substantia nigra on T1-weighted images). CASES: We report an unusual presentation of manganese ...
Andreux F - - 2007
We describe a patient found to have acute diffuse and reversible encephalopathy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) associated with cholesterol emboli syndrome (CES). The initial MRI showed extensive white matter, basal ganglia and cortical damage without evidence of brain infarction. Dramatic clinical and MRI improvement was observed with corticosteroids. Pathologically, ...
Checkley A M - - 2007
We describe a case of human African trypanosomiasis with a number of unusual features. The clinical presentation was subacute, but the infection was shown to be due to Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. The infection relapsed twice following treatment and the patient developed a melarsoprol-associated encephalopathy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were ...
Hodge M H - - 2007
A 36-year-old woman presented with acute-onset right lower extremity paresthesias, dysarthria, right facial droop, and right hemiparesis. CT and MR imaging of the brain revealed extensive white matter disease and left basal ganglia infarction with dural and leptomeningeal enhancement. Differential considerations included vasculitis, granulomatous disease, and neoplasm. Chest, abdomen, and ...
Abdennour Lamine - - 2007
As for the majority of antiepileptic drugs, encephalopathy, manifested by transient somnolence, mood and motor disorders, is a possible side-effect. To our knowledge, there is little information about gabapentin-induced coma. We report a third case of gabapentin-induced coma where magnetic resonance-spectrometry was performed in diagnosis assessment.
Yoshinari Satoshi - - 2007
Isolated cases of human herpesvirus 6 encephalopathy have recently been reported, although the pathophysiology remains largely unknown. To elucidate the changes specific to human herpesvirus 6 encephalopathy on diagnostic images, this study investigated magnetic resonance imaging findings in 10 patients with a diagnosis of human herpesvirus 6 encephalopathy including diffusion-weighted ...
Morris A A M - - 2007
Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency is a rare disorder of creatine synthesis. We report a patient who presented at 10 months of age with hypotonia and global developmental delay. Subsequently, she developed seizures and choreoathetosis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed high signal bilaterally in the globus pallidus on T2-weighted images. Mitochondrial respiratory ...
Chuang Wen-Li - - 2007
To understand cerebral blood circulation after long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2), four patients with encephalopathy and polyneuropathy, who had worked in a viscose rayon plant, were studied. Clinical and laboratory examinations, including brain magnetic resonance images (MRI), computed tomography (CT), CT perfusion, and CT angiography, were carried out. Brain ...
Südmeyer Martin - - 2006
Wilson's disease (WD) is an inherited disorder of copper metabolism yielding marked motor deficits, including a severely disabling tremor. As a structural correlate of the disease, a variety of cerebral abnormalities has been revealed. However, the relationship between motor deficits and cerebral lesions has remained largely unknown. Here, we investigated ...
Shobha N - - 2006
We report two patients of diabetic nonketotic hyperosmolar state presenting acutely with "self-limiting hemichorea - hemiballismus" and "generalized convulsive status epilepticus". CT scan in both the patients revealed a hyperdense nonenhancing basal ganglia. Magnetic resonance imaging brain of patient 1 showed it to be hyperintense on T1W image and iso-hyper ...
Noguchi T - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6)-associated encephalopathy tends to develop in immunocompromised patients. Neurologic symptoms, such as disorientation, short-term memory loss, convulsion, coma, and hypopnea could occur, but they may be nonspecific. We retrospectively reviewed MR images of 6 adults with HHV-6-associated encephalopathy to study characteristic imaging findings that could ...
Dujardin M - - 2006
Symmetrical lesions in the basal ganglia are accepted as the characteristic radiological feature of methanol toxicity. A case of chronic deliberate repeated methanol ingestion is presented. The typical MRI findings of basal ganglia lesions on T1 and T2 weighted images, FLAIR, diffusion and T1-weighted post Gadolinium images are presented. To ...
Grips E - - 2007
The pattern of reoccurrence of symptoms after discontinuation of deep brain stimulation (DBS) has not been systematically studied in dystonia. Eight patients (mean age (SD) 53.8 (14.4) years) with segmental dystonia at a mean follow-up of 11.3 (4.2) months were studied after implantation of bilateral DBS electrodes in the internal ...
Wong A M - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical outcome of acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood (ANEC), an encephalopathy characterized by symmetrical involvement of the thalami, has historically been poor, but recent studies have reported better outcomes. By devising a MR imaging scoring system, we determined the relationship between characteristic MR findings and clinical ...
Klos K J - - 2006
The etiology of manganese neurotoxicity is heterogenous and includes exposure to welding fumes, chronic liver failure, and chronic total parental nutrition (TPN). We recently reported that cognitive impairment occurs in welders and patients with chronic liver failure who had evidence of manganese neurotoxicity including abnormal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) basal ...
Marco de Lucas E - - 2006
An early diagnosis is crucial in herpes simplex virus encephalitis patients in order to institute acyclovir therapy and reduce mortality rates. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the gold standard for evaluation of these patients, but is frequently not available in the emergency setting. We report the first case of ...
Ukisu Ryutarou - - 2006
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease causes progressive dementia and, eventually, death. The infectious agent is thought to be proteinaceous scrapie particles. Prompt diagnosis is essential to prevent human-to-human transmission. Progressive brain atrophy and areas of high signal intensity in the cerebral cortex and basal ganglia are well-known features of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease depicted on ...
Kondo Akiko - - 2007
Here, we report the case of a five-year-old boy with carbonic monoxide (CO) poisoning. The patient initially recovered after the initiation of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy, but lethargy as well as visual and gait disturbances appeared two days later. Left hemiparesis and mood lability also subsequently appeared. Slow frontal activity ...
McKellar Mehri S - - 2006
Amebic infections involving the central nervous system are rare and difficult to diagnose. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at timed intervals may be helpful, where scans reveal enhancing lesions and increased signal. We report a unique case of granulomatous amebic encephalitis that was proven pathologically with progressive radiological findings on MRI.
Hon Kam-lun Ellis - - 2006
We report the neurologic and radiologic manifestations of three adolescent girls with acute carbon monoxide poisoning. The girls were found collapsed and unconscious in a bathroom where liquid petroleum gas was being used as heating fuel. As hyperbaric oxygen therapy was not available locally, they only received oxygen supplementation via ...
Shiihara Takashi - - 2006
We describe a 12-year-old girl, who had been medicated with theophylline for bronchial asthma and developed acute encephalopathy with refractory status epilepticus, showing bilateral mesial temporal and claustral lesions, which were evident on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images, obtained with 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging. To date, oxidative stress has been ...
Otake Yuko - - 2007
The patient was an 11-month-old boy who developed encephalopathy associated with respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis. Right hemispheric encephalopathy was indicated by left hemiparesis and a diffuse right hemispheric lesion detected with magnetic resonance imaging. Elevated levels of interleukin-6 in the cerebrospinal fluid during the acute phase suggested the involvement of ...
Wszolek Z K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report genealogic, clinical, imaging, neuropathologic, and genetic data from a Canadian kindred with dystonia and brain calcinosis originally described in 1985. METHODS: The authors performed clinical examinations and CT and PET studies of the head and analyzed blood samples. One autopsy was performed. RESULTS: The family tree was ...
Huisman T A G M - - 2006
PEHO syndrome is a rare symptom complex of severe progressive encephalopathy, edema, hypsarrhythmia, and optic atrophy. Disease onset is in early infancy. The current case report presents and discusses serial conventional MR imaging findings and serial functional studies including diffusion tensor imaging and quantitative MR spectroscopy findings in a 6-year-old ...
Okumura A - - 2006
We experienced the mildest form of acute necrotizing encephalopathy associated with influenza A. A previously healthy 13-year-old girl had mildly decreased consciousness and delirious behavior lasting for a week. Diffusion-weighted imaging showed mildly high signal intensities in the bilateral thalami, deep white matter in the centrum semiovale, and frontal lobes. ...
Linguraru Marius George - - 2006
We present a method for the analysis of basal ganglia (including the thalamus) for accurate detection of human spongiform encephalopathy in multisequence magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. One common feature of most forms of prion protein diseases is the appearance of hyperintensities in the deep grey matter area ...
Yüksel Adnan - - 2006
Leigh syndrome is an inherited, progressive neurodegenerative disorder of infancy and childhood. Mutations in the nuclear SURF-1 gene are specifically associated with cytochrome C oxidase-deficient Leigh syndrome. This report describes two patients with similar facial features. One of them was a 2(1/2)-year-old male, and the other was a 3-year-old male ...
Krasnianski Michael - - 2006
PURPOSE: To explain the rare phenomenon of acute transient bilateral blindness without additional ophthalmological or neurological symptoms and signs. METHODS: Six patients with isolated bilateral visual loss lasting 1-15 mins and occurring simultaneously in both eyes were evaluated. Clinical observation, neuroimaging (CT, MRI, MR-angiography), extra- and transcranial Doppler and vascular ...
Groenendaal Floris - - 2006
AIM: Pre-Wallerian degeneration was studied in term and near-term neonates with hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, and related to neurodevelopmental outcome. SUBJECTS: Thirty-nine surviving patients with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy or seizures and MRI-documented brain abnormalities were included. Patients were grouped according to the MRI findings: group 1 (n = 23), ischemic stroke or ...
Nayak Dinesh - - 2006
We report an adult male who presented with disabling dysarthria due to epilepsia partialis continua (EPC) of the left half of the tongue. The clinical, brain magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalographic features were consistent with Rasmussen's encephalitis, although, despite having had the disease for over 15 years, he did not ...
Hayflick S J - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with a clinical diagnosis of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA, formerly called Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome) often have mutations in PANK2, the gene encoding pantothenate kinase 2. We investigated correlations between brain MR imaging changes, mutation status, and clinical disease features. METHODS: Brain MRIs from patients with ...
Zhang Xiao Ming - - 2006
Our objective was to facilitate the in vivo identification of the celiac ganglia on MRI by using MRI to identify the celiac ganglia in cadavers. MRI can show the celiac ganglia accurately in cadavers when the ganglia are large and labeled with gadolinium. The findings in cadavers can be a ...
Margari Lucia - - 2006
This report presents clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging findings in a 7-year-old male with Sydenham's chorea associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Western immunoblotting revealed serum anti-human basal ganglia tissue antibodies. Magnetic resonance imaging results were normal. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging disclosed increased choline/creatine ratio in basal ganglia, frontal, and parieto-occipital ...
Voermans Nicol C - - 2006
Secondary parkinsonism is uncommon in children and exceedingly rare after cranial radiotherapy. This report describes a 14-year-old female who presented with growth retardation as a result of a craniopharyngioma, which was partially resected. A secondary hydrocephalus responded well to shunting. She gradually developed a severe hypokinetic-rigid syndrome 6 months after ...
Krasnianski Anna - - 2006
Atypical clinical course and low sensitivity of established diagnostic tests are the main diagnostic problems in the MV2 subtype of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD). Clinical symptoms and signs, MRI, EEG and biochemical CSF markers were studied in 26 patients. Histological findings were semiquantitatively evaluated. Compared with typical sCJD, the disease ...
Rutherford Mary M Robert Steiner MR Unit, Imaging Sciences Department, Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London, W12 OHS, UK. - - 2006
Neonatal MR imaging is invaluable in assessing the term born neonate who presents with an encephalopathy. Successful imaging requires adaptations to both the hardware and the sequences used for adults. The perinatal and postnatal details often predict the pattern of lesions sustained and are essential for correct interpretation of the ...
Handique S K - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: On MR imaging and CT, Japanese encephalitis (JE) shows lesions in the thalami, substantia nigra, basal ganglia, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, brain stem, and white matter, whereas temporal lobe involvement is characteristically seen in Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE). Temporal lobe involvement in JE may cause problems in differentiating ...
Hagiwara N - - 2006
In this study, we report the case of a 68-year-old man complaining of involuntary movement of his left shoulder and lower jaw plus dyspnea. On cranial computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, marked and symmetrical calcification at the basal ganglia and dentate nuclei was documented. An elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) ...
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