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Peterson B S - - 1993
The brains of 19 healthy adults, ages 18-49, were imaged on a GE Signa 1.5 T MR scanner. Basal ganglia were circumscribed on sequential axial proton density-weighted images (TR 1700, TE 20) and submitted for 3-dimensional reconstruction and volumetric analysis at a computer graphics workstation. The 15 right-handed patients (12 ...
Kulisevsky J - - 1992
Patients with cirrhosis show increased signal intensity in the globus pallidus on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. This abnormal appearance of the basal ganglia has been related to the severity of liver failure and to the presence of portal-systemic shunting, although its cause and clinical significance remain unknown. ...
Holzgraefe M - - 1992
The significance and possible extent of structural damage to the central nervous system (CNS) due to boxing are investigated. Bleeding, especially microhematomas, is considered to be one probable cause of the chronic encephalopathy in boxers. In a prospective study, 13 amateur boxers were investigated with the help of MRI several ...
Morse R P - - 1992
Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus causes a severe meningoencephalitis with high morbidity and mortality. Despite numerous clinical reports of EEE, there are only 11 patients in whom cranial computed tomographic (CT) findings are described. In 6 patients, CT was normal and in 5 patients diffuse edema was present; none had ...
Angelini L - - 1992
The diagnosis of Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD) has usually been made post mortem, although the recent description of characteristic abnormalities in the globus pallidus has suggested the possibility of an in vivo diagnosis. We present the clinical histories, neurological features and MRI findings of 11 patients, diagnosed as having HSD. Generalized ...
Glauser T A - - 1992
Hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome is an acute childhood illness that involves the rapid onset of multisystem failure, including central nervous system, renal, cardiovascular, hepatic, and hematologic dysfunction, and often leads to death or serious neurologic damage. We report the first case of a child with hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy ...
Schwartz R B - - 1992
Hypertensive encephalopathy is a syndrome consisting of headache, seizures, visual changes, and other neurologic disturbances in patients with elevated systemic blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to analyze the imaging findings in 14 patients with hypertensive encephalopathy. CT (n = 13), MR (n = 12), and single-photon emission ...
Nagasawa H - - 1992
We examined neuroradiological computerized tomography (CT) findings and the clinical course of four Japanese children with glutaric aciduria type I (GA1) whose enzyme activity of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase was undetectable. Brain CT in all cases examined showed low density white matter, fluid collection in bilateral frontotemporal regions (particularly surrounding the Sylvian ...
Yeakley J W - - 1992
The CT and MR features of cortical calcification and meningeal angiomatosis are typical of Sturge-Weber-Dimitri disease but are unusual in children less than 1 year of age. This case describes a child presenting with both of these features bilaterally in the neonatal period and represents an unusual presentation of this ...
Markham C H - - 1992
The various dystonias have been found in at least five different hereditary backgrounds. The gene responsible for one of the dystonias, idiopathic torsion dystonia (ITD), lies on chromosome 9q32-34, with flanking markers now 1-2 cM apart. Magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography (CT) abnormalities in the basal ganglia, especially in ...
Markham C H - - 1992
The various dystonias have been found in at least five different hereditary backgrounds. The gene responsible for one of the dystonias, idiopathic torsion dystonia (ITD), lies on chromosome 9q32-34, with flanking markers now 1-2 cM apart. Magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography (CT) abnormalities in the basal ganglia, especially in ...
Aoki N - - 1992
An eight-month-old boy with clinical features of acute encephalopathy with symmetrical low-density areas in the thalami and the putamen on computed tomography is presented. These particular computed tomography features suggest potential aetiology common to acute encephalopathy with low-density areas in the thalami and infantile bilateral striatal necrosis with an acute ...
Kirkwood J K - - 1992
A 19-month-old greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), whose dam had died 15 months earlier with spongiform encephalopathy, required euthanasia after developing severe ataxia and depression with an apparently sudden onset. No macroscopic abnormalities were detected on post mortem examination but a scrapie-like spongiform encephalomyelopathy was apparent on histopathological examination of brain ...
Hsieh F Y - - 1992
Bilateral putaminal necrosis is characteristic of methanol poisoning. A 31-year-old male alcoholic had headache, impaired consciousness, neck stiffness, roving eyes with dilated unreactive pupils, papilloedema, abdominal pain, vomiting, and severe metabolic acidosis after a binge. Abnormalities of the cerebrospinal fluid included an initial pressure of 240 mmH2 O, RBC 286/mm3, ...
Manyam B V - - 1992
We report the genetic, clinical, electrophysiological, and imaging studies in a family with bilateral striopallidodentate calcinosis (Fahr's disease). The intracerebral calcium deposits occurred before onset of the symptoms in the third decade of life. Progressive neurological deterioration occurred in the fifth decade of life in the proband. Cerebrospinal fluid homocarnosine, ...
Kubo M - - 1992
An episode of transient encephalopathy after the first course of intravenous high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX; 1000 mg/m2) was observed in a 4-year-old girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The neurological abnormalities took place 5 days after HD-MTX therapy. She experienced complex partial seizure and left hemiparesis, which resolved spontaneously in 5 days. ...
Eldad A - - 1992
An 11-year-old boy sustained high-voltage electrical and flame burns over 85% of his body surface area, 75% of which were full-thickness burns. After 4 months of treatment and multiple operations and skin graftings before his discharge from hospital, he exhibited irritability, hallucinations, and eventually, seizures and respiratory and cardiac arrest. ...
Inagaki M - - 1992
The clinical courses and long-term prognoses in 16 young patients with infarctions of the basal ganglia were evaluated and the recent magnetic resonance imaging findings in 9 of them were examined. Only 5 of 14 patients (35%) had motor sequelae, 4 had hemiparesis, and 1 had gait disturbance. Secondary dystonia ...
Jardim L B - - 1992
Globoid cell leukodystrophy (Krabbe's disease) is a rare autosomal recessive lipidosis, with signs restricted to the nervous system, and is caused by deficiency of the lysosomal hydrolase galactocerebroside beta-galactosidase (galactocerebrosidase). In recent years there have been reports of neurological variants, where age of onset and manifestations differed from the classical ...
Kumar R - - 1992
Fourteen children with laboratory-confirmed Japanese encephalitis were given cranial computed tomographic (CT) scans six to 30 days after the onset of illness. The findings were variable; there was a generalized decrease in attenuation values, three patients showed features of cerebral atrophy, and four others had normal scans. The findings appeared ...
Vles J S - - 1992
Three different neuro-imaging studies were performed in 3 infants with hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy syndrome (HSE). Areas of cerebral infarction were noted on CT. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) showed decreased perfusion in these areas in one infant. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also identified the areas of infarction, noted ...
Leira H L - - 1992
To compare the results of cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography (CT) for patients with solvent-induced encephalopathy, a parallel study was performed with nine patients. The diagnosis had been given three to five years earlier on the basis of relevant exposure to solvents, findings on neuropsychological tests, a ...
Barthez Carpentier M A - - 1992
A case of delayed acute measles encephalitis in an immunosuppressed child is reported. Detailed immunological studies have shown defective humoral immunity (defective IgA, IgG2 and IgG3) and decreased natural killer activity. Neuroradiological examination by magnetic resonance imaging revealed several high signal lesions on T2-weighted images in the gray matter without ...
Gudinchet F - - 1992
Malignant phenylketonuria is a rare disease caused by a deficiency in dihydropteridine-reductase which induce a hyperphenylalaninemia and a deficiency of neurotransmitters such as 3,4,dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and 5 hydroxytryptophan. The case of a patient with malignant phenylketonuria (PKU) who underwent both CT and MR Imaging is reported. CT demonstrated the characteristic ...
Colosimo C - - 1992
Probable progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) was diagnosed on the basis of clinical picture and magnetic resonance imaging in a 63-year-old man with a complete remission of a non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. After the introduction of intramuscular alpha-interferon therapy, his neurological state and MRI findings showed a clear improvement. Eighteen months after the ...
Kanaya N - - 1992
Intracranial abnormalities by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning have been described in two cases. Edematous bilateral lesions have been demonstrated in the globus pallidus. Findings correspond with the pathological changes described in literature. In our experience MIR is a more sensitive examination compared to serial ...
Kölmel H W - - 1991
Peduncular hallucinations usually present as visual disorders and are often genuine hallucinations associated with thalamic and/or mesencephalic lesions. In this case report we describe the clinical findings in a patient with hallucinations. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated bilateral ischaemic lesions in the thalamus and in the mesencephalon. The pathogenesis of hallucinations ...
Schroth G - - 1991
The clinical and MR features of an alcoholic woman with Wernicke encephalopathy are reported. During the acute stage Gd-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid enhanced MR revealed damage of the blood-brain barrier bilaterally and symmetrically adjacent to the third ventricle, cerebral aqueduct, and fourth ventricle. The enhancement disappeared after successful thiamine therapy, as ...
Arai Y - - 1991
A girl aged 23 months of Leigh encephalopathy with pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) deficiency was reported. Brain CT scan showed atrophy of the frontal and parietal cortex, low density in the midbrain and putamina, and rounded caudatum. CT change was showed from rounded to atrophic caudatum during a three-month period. ...
Royburt M - - 1991
Neurologic manifestations of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) vary from diffuse symptoms such as headache and confusion to focal signs such as paralysis and visual loss. Recognition of the neurologic symptoms associated with PIH is essential for early diagnosis of severe preeclampsia and eclampsia. The recent advances in neuroradiologic imaging, including the ...
Maciel Júnior J A - - 1991
Report of an early case of Shy-Drager syndrome in a 67 year-old woman patient. Autonomic failure was diagnosed by functional evaluation as well as laboratory tests. MR imaging disclosed a prominent putamina hypodensity in T2-weighted images at high field strength due to iron increased depositing in this basal ganglia. MR ...
Yokote K - - 1991
A follow-up study by CT and MR of a case of Wernicke encephalopathy is reported. In the early stages, CT and MR revealed a characteristic topographical distribution of lesions in the midbrain, pons, and thalami. In the later stages, MR showed atrophy of the mamillary bodies and midbrain tegmentum and ...
Hori A - - 1991
A 13-year-old boy was the victim of attempted strangulation. His condition had returned to normal by the sixth day after the assault; however, from the seventh day, choreoathetosis, dystonia, and marked pseudobulbar paralysis developed in the boy. The computed tomographic scans and T2-weighted magnetic resonance images that were obtained at ...
Harvey I - - 1991
The T1 relaxation time of the basal ganglia (putamen, globus pallidus and head of caudate) and of the frontoparietal centrum semiovale was compared between 49 schizophrenic patients and 36 healthy controls. Previous reports of increased T1 time in the basal ganglia were not confirmed, and group differences were not detected ...
Sanders T G - - 1991
Cranial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed on eight consecutive patients with generalized tonic-clonic seizures caused by eclampsia. Each patient underwent serial neurologic examinations until all symptoms resolved. Six of those eight patients underwent follow-up MR imaging. These patients were compared with those in previous case reports of MR imaging ...
Protheroe S M - - 1991
Two cases of influenza A encephalitis seen during an outbreak of influenza types A/England/427/88 (H3N2) and A/Taiwan/1/86 (H1N1) in December 1989 are described. In both children the encephalitis developed within three days of the respiratory symptoms and both became comatose within 48 hours. Virological studies showed that the patients had ...
Inoue E - - 1991
Sixteen patients with cirrhosis of the liver underwent cranial magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and transarterial portography to evaluate the relationship between basal ganglia lesions and portal-systemic collateral vessels. No neuropsychiatric disturbance was observed in any of the patients at the time of the MR examination, but four patients with portal-systemic ...
Milton W J - - 1991
We report a biopsy-diagnosed patient with Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease showing on magnetic resonance images bilateral increased signal intensity in the basal ganglia on long repetition time images. Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (CJD) is a degenerative process of the brain, induced by a novel infectious agent, and is usually characterized by a rapidly progressive ...
Keeney S E - - 1991
One hundred neonates determined prospectively to be at risk for neurologic handicap underwent magnetic resonance imaging with a high-field (1.5 T) imager. Thirty-three demonstrated a total of 37 lesions consistent with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, including periventricular leukomalacia (n = 12), basal ganglia hemorrhage (n = 5), multicystic encephalomalacia (n = 5), ...
Jorens P G - - 1991
A patient is described with post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism and basal ganglia calcifications. The patient presented with a tonic-clonic seizure. The calcifications shown on CT scan were extensive in the basal ganglia, the bifrontal periventricular white matter and even in the brainstem. The white matter with calcifications displayed a high signal intensity ...
Zeneroli M L - - 1991
Brain magnetic resonance (MR) was performed in 29 liver cirrhosis patients without (N = 10) and with hepatic encephalopathy (HE) of chronic recurrent (N = 10) and of chronic persistent (N = 9) type. Sixty percent of the patients with chronic recurrent HE and 100% of the patients with chronic ...
Krishnan K R - - 1991
Early studies suggested that cerebrovascular change may be an etiological factor in the development of late-life depression. With the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it has become possible to examine this hypothesis. MRI studies have demonstrated that patients with late-onset depression have more severe and frequent patchy lesions in ...
Krauss J K - - 1991
A case with segmental cranial plus crural dystonia of delayed onset and akinesia after acute intoxication with disulfiram is presented. Computed tomography showed bilateral pallidal lesions, whereas on magnetic resonance imaging additional small lesions of the putamen could be detected. Long-term observation with progression and a change of symptoms over ...
Berardelli A - - 1991
Two sisters with progressive dystonic syndromes and homocystinuria are presented. The biochemical defect was not accompanied by the typical clinical features of homocystinuria. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed bilateral lesions of the basal ganglia. Homocystinuria should be considered among the causes of symptomatic or secondary dystonias associated with basal ganglia ...
Okada J - - 1991
In this 35-year-old woman with chronic glomerulonephritis and uremic encephalopathy, the basal ganglia bilaterally, internal capsules and periventricular white matter showed hypodensity on CT, low signal intensity on T1-weighted MRI and high signal intensity on T2-weighted MRI. Following a series of dialyses, her clinical symptoms and blood chemistry improved. The ...
Syh H W - - 1991
Through the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) sequences with T1 weighting (TR 600 msec/TE 20 msec) of the brain, the high intensity lesions due to hepatic encephalopathy have been demonstrated markedly. The data have been collected were based upon eleven patients with clinically proven hepatic encephalopathy. Three sets of normal brain ...
Gallucci M - - 1990
Wernicke encephalopathy is a disease usually related to chronic alcoholism. The clinical diagnosis is often difficult to establish, and CT is unable to provide specific findings. MR follow-up studies in five patients affected by Wernicke encephalopathy were performed with the aim of establishing the sensitivity of MR in depicting the ...
Zupanc M L - - 1990
Rasmussen encephalitis is a disease consisting of chronic encephalitis with progressive neurologic deficits and focal intractable seizure activity. The etiology is unknown, but pathologic specimens revealed changes consistent with viral encephalitis. Even though neuro-imaging techniques, such as positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, offer the prospect of specific, presurgical ...
Chung C W - - 1990
A case of Leigh's disease (subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy) is reported with such noteworthy features as early onset, dystonia, paraparesis the presence of low attenuation areas in both basal ganglias on computerized tomography of the brain and the presence of a high signal intensity in both basal ganglias in T2 weighted ...
Yamagata T - - 1990
An infant with Leigh disease, who was the younger sister of a similarly affected infant, had been examined before the onset of the disease. Ultrasonography revealed hyperechoic lesions in the putamen and caudate nucleus during the preclinical stage. At onset, these changes extended into the cerebral cortex and medulla. These ...
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