Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 892
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Tokumaru A M - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to illustrate the MR findings of corticobasal degeneration and to compare those findings with pathologic specimens. MR findings of atrophy in the perirolandic gyri, atrophy of the basal ganglia, and T2 prolongation in the posterolateral putamen are useful evidence supporting the clinical diagnosis of ...
Petersen B - - 1996
We describe a girl aged 5 years, 6 months who began to have seizures at the age of 3 years, 9 months. A cranial CT scan revealed mild, generalized cerebral atrophy. During the next year, she gradually developed ataxia, myoclonic jerks, and bilateral optic nerve atrophy and lost motor skills. ...
Hauser R A - - 1996
Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is an adult-onset, progressive parkinsonian syndrome with strikingly asymmetrical features, and signs and symptoms referable to both cerebral cortex and basal ganglia. Although once considered rare, it is now recognized with increasing frequency during life. Eight patients with clinically diagnosed CBD and 8 age- and sex-matched patients ...
Suzuki S - - 1996
This is the first report of acute Wernicke's encephalopathy in which characteristic magnetic resonance (MR) findings have been verified by postmortem histopathological examination. The high-signal areas surrounding the third and the fourth ventricles and the aqueduct on the T2-weighted images reflected the spongy disintegration of the neuropil, which is the ...
Ghosh D - - 1996
A two-and-a-half-year-old male child presented with recurrent attacks of intractable vomiting, psychomotor retardation since 14 months of age. He had also lower cranial nerve palsy and corticospinal involvement. Magnetic resonance imaging had shown multiple well circumscribed areas of hypointusity in T1 weighted image which were brightly hyperintense in heavily T2-weighted ...
Bergman A J - - 1996
Three patients with propionic acidemia were studied. The first patient was diagnosed at the age of 9 mo, 3 mo after he developed hypotonia and choreoathetoid movements after an upper respiratory tract infection. The second patient was diagnosed at the age of 1.5 mo when she became comatose after nasogastric ...
Ghika-Schmid F - - 1996
We report two patients with subacute diffuse encephalopathy characterized by confusion, myoclonic encephalopathy, and mild akineto-rigid extrapyramidal signs in one case and by apathy, memory deficit, and partial complex seizures in the other. Hashimoto's thyroiditis with high titers of anti-thyroglobulin antibodies was diagnosed in both patients, who were unresponsive to ...
Bostantjopoulou S - - 1996
We describe a patient with a clinical picture characterized by subacute onset of confusion, myoclonus, tremor and generalized convulsive seizures with a relapsing course, which was attributed to Hashimoto's encephalopathy. EEG and MRI were diffusely abnormal. High titers of antithyroid antibodies were detected in her serum. She responded well to ...
Preiser W - - 1996
This is a report on a case of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) taking an unusual course after initially successful acyclovir therapy. The etiology of HSE was proven serologically, by repeated detection of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-specific DNA sequences in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and was supported ...
Unal M - - 1996
Neurological complications in patients with eclampsia are varied and include headache, visual disturbances, focal neurological deficits, altered mental status and coma. Occasionally, a focal neurological deficit includes a variety of visual disturbances. The pathophysiology of CNS abnormalities in patients with eclampsia is uncertain. Our cases, combined with a review of ...
Morgan M Y - - 1996
The advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS) and of single photon and positron emission tomography (SPET:PET) has allowed acquisition of data, not otherwise available, on cerebral metabolic function in patients with hepatic encephalopathy. Hyperintensity of the globus pallidus has been observed in cerebral T1-weighted MR images in ...
Sawashima Y - - 1996
A three-year-old, male Yorkshire terrier was presented with blindness, circling, hind limb weakness, and convulsive seizure for the past 3 months. Characteristic clinical findings were chronic, progressive neurological signs involving cerebrum and brain stem, an elevation of brain-type isoenzyme of serum creatine kinase, appearance of high voltage slow activity in ...
Mugikura S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: MR and CT findings in two patients of Tay-Sachs disease are reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In two patients of Tay-Sachs disease, MR and CT studies were conducted in the early phase (11 and 10 months of age, respectively) and one was followed-up with MR in the late phase at ...
van Domburg P H - - 1996
A 42-year-old man presented with akinetic mutism, caused by bilateral thalamic infarction, resulting in a temporary amnesic syndrome and, finally, selective downgaze palsy. Electroencephalographic recording in the initial phase showed generalized spike- and-wave discharges, similar to those found in animal studies after lesion or stimulation of specific thalamic nuclei. Analysis ...
Krieger S - - 1996
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hyperintense globus pallidus on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRIs) in cirrhotic patients are reported to reflect severity of liver disease; however, their consequence for hepatic encephalopathy is unknown. The aim of this study was to outline a pattern of neuropsychiatric abnormalities in chronic liver failure and its ...
Kadota Y - - 1996
A 3-year-old boy presented with an unusual consciousness disturbance accompanied by involuntary movement disorder after radical surgical removal of a huge hypothalamic glioma. Postoperative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lesion in the bilateral basal ganglia. Marked neurological improvement was obtained by treatment with dopamine agonists, suggesting that ...
Zuckerman G B - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe an adolescent patient who developed a stroke following intranasal administration of heroin. CASE SUMMARY: A 17-year-old adolescent with no prior medical problems "snorted" an unknown quantity of heroin. The patient developed respiratory failure, shock, and seizures. When he regained consciousness, the patient had evidence of hypoxic-toxic encephalopathy ...
Shyu W C - - 1996
We present serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans on a biopsy-verified case of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). The initial MRI scan demonstrated increased T2 signal-intensity within the basal ganglia and thalami. Subsequent MRI scans demonstrated a thin cortex, increased T2 signals diffusely within the white matter including U-fibers, and hypointense T2 ...
del Amo M - - 1996
We present a case of acute trichloroethane intoxication caused by inhalation of typewriter correction fluid. CT and MR findings revealed lesions in the basal ganglia and cortex similar to those observed in patients with methanol and carbon monoxide poisoning.
Bianco F - - 1996
High signal in the globus pallidus on T1-weighted images was observed in two patients who underwent early MRI, after exposure to carbon monoxide (CO). We compare these MRI abnormalities with those previously reported, and with CT findings which suggested that the damage to the globi pallidi is of vascular origin. ...
Burke J W - - 1996
Cranial MR imaging was performed in three patients in whom herpes simplex encephalitis was subsequently proved. In all cases, the postcontrast T1 weighted MR images obtained with magnetization transfer saturation showed greater central nervous system involvement than was apparent on the conventional MR images. Specifically, the postcontrast magnetization transfer images ...
Tahsildar H I - - 1996
Subacute encephalopathy developed in four patients within one to two months after undergoing high-dose chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation or peripheral blood progenitor (stem) cell transplantation for breast cancer, acute myeloid leukemia, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. None of the patients had previously known neurologic disorders, central nervous tumor or infection. Two ...
Lehéricy S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine which brain structures are involved in symptomatic unilateral dystonia caused by localized cerebral infarction. DESIGN: Three-dimensional T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging sequence and stereotactic analysis were used to analyze the topography of the lesions. Stereotactic localization of thalamic lesions was conducted according to the atlas of Hassler with ...
Kim I O - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the imaging characteristics of mitochondrial myopathy-encephalopathy-lactic acidosis-and strokelike episodes (MELAS) syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve CT scans and 15 MR images were retrospectively reviewed in seven patients with proven MELAS syndrome. Follow-up studies were performed in all patients, and the total ...
Huang C C - - 1996
A 28-year-old man with Wilson's disease developed neurological deterioration after a low-dose of d-penicillamine treatment for 2 weeks. He showed an akinetic rigid syndrome with generalized dystonia. Brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) on T2 and proton weighted images showed an increased signal intensity over the thalamus, basal ganglia and brainstem, ...
Adachi M - - 1996
Although many pathological changes in the internal capsule may lead to neurological deficits, we often encounter ill-defined focal low attenuation in the posterior limb of the internal capsule (PIC) on CT in patients with no neurological disturbance. Brain CT studies of 141 patients without neurological deficits were reviewed to investigate ...
Jansen O - - 1996
PURPOSE: To describe cortical hyperintensities in proton density-weighted images in six patients with presumed cyclosporine-induced neurotoxicity. METHODS: In six patients with clinical evidence of cyclosporine-related encephalopathy, MR imaging was performed after the onset of symptoms and signs (mean, 24 days after liver transplantation). Five of these patients had serial MR ...
Huang C C - - 1996
To understand central nervous damage after long-term exposure to carbon disulfide (CS2), 10 patients who had polyneuropathy with various neuropsychiatric symptoms in a viscose rayon plant were studied. Clinical and laboratory examinations including electroencephalography (EEG), brain computed tomography (CT), brain magnetic resonance images (MRI), and carotid duplex sonography were carried ...
Mullen K D - - 1996
Attempting to forecast future trends in research is difficult enough in any area but is well nigh impossible with the volatile field of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Undaunted in this review it is suggested that more frequent use of intact animal models of HE to probe the pathogenesis of HE will ...
Giedd J N - - 1995
Analysis of cerebral magnetic resonance images of 24 subjects with Sydenham's chorea and 48 age-, height-, weight-, gender-, and handedness-matched controls demonstrated increased sizes of the caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus in the Sydenham's chorea group. In contrast, neither total cerebral, prefrontal, or midfrontal volumes or thalamic area were increased. ...
Hokama H - - 1995
Basal ganglia structures have been reported to be abnormal in schizophrenia. However, while component structures of the basal ganglia are functionally differentiated, there have been no evaluations of their separate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) volumes with small voxel (1.5 mm3) spoiled gradient-recalled acquisition in steady state techniques and multi-plane assessments. ...
Jog M S - - 1995
Chronic acquired hepatocerebral degeneration (CAHD) is a heterogeneous disorder that can occur with a primary neurologic, hepatic, or combined presentation. Little has been added to the understanding of this disorder since the detailed, early clinical and pathological descriptions. The spectrum of clinical presentations can be neuropsychiatric (apathy, lethargy, excessive somnolence), ...
Louis E D - - 1995
We report chorea in an infant with holoprosencephaly. Congenital structural brain disease has not been a reported cause of chorea. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging revealed small, fused frontal lobes with hypoplastic caudates. Our patient responded to symptomatic treatment with dopamine-depleting agents. It is likely that the mechanism for the chorea ...
Omer S M - - 1995
A 25-year-old woman with hyperemesis gravidarum developed acute Wernicke's encephalopathy during prolonged intravenous fluid therapy without vitamin supplements. Delay in diagnosis led to a persistent severe neurological deficit, including coma. Gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed symmetrical lesions around the aqueduct and fourth ventricle, which resolved after treatment with thiamine. ...
Lin S K - - 1995
A woman, aged 27 years, developed acute headache and fever followed by tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia. Masked face, drooling saliva, monotonous voice, and dysphagia were observed. She was totally bedridden during the worst period because of marked generalized rigidity and bradykinesia. There was no neurological disturbance other than parkinsonism. Several ...
Pridmore C L - - 1995
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency is an X-linked recessive disorder of urea biosynthesis characterized by recurrent, often fatal, hyperammonemic encephalopathy in affected males; carrier females are usually asymptomatic. We report here the clinical and laboratory findings in five symptomatic heterozygous females with ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency. In each case, the onset of symptoms ...
Sunada I - - 1995
A case of local multicystic encephalopathy is presented. CT scan showed a low-density area with a string-like structure of iso-density in the left frontal lobe. Angiogram demonstrated no abnormality. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated multiple cystic lesions, and we diagnosed the case as local multicystic encephalopathy. This disease generally occurs ...
Grimaud J - - 1995
It has been reported that a relative reduction in signal intensity on T2 weighted MRI may be seen in the basal ganglia of patients with multiple sclerosis and furthermore that this is due to excessive iron deposition. The basal ganglia are, however, rarely involved clinically or pathologically in multiple sclerosis, ...
Oki J - - 1995
A previously healthy 8-month-old girl developed exanthem subitum and acute encephalopathy with status epilepticus, quadriplegia and bilateral abducens nerve palsies. Human herpesvirus-6 DNA was found in the cerebrospinal fluid by the polymerase chain reaction at the acute stage. Cranial computed tomography showed low density areas in the thalami and in ...
Ostergaard J R - - 1995
The authors present the MRI findings of two children with insidious walking difficulties, signs of corticospinal tract involvement, and signs and symptoms of extrapyramidal dysfunction such as rigidity and generalized dystonia, the latter with predominance of oromandibular involvement. In one child, MRI revealed prominent hypo-intensity in the globus pallidus and ...
Yokochi K - - 1995
The magnetic resonance (MR) findings of three children with severe neonatal jaundice who were suspected to be suffering from kernicterus were examined. In all children high intensity areas in the globus pallidus were demonstrated bilaterally on T2-weighted imaging. The posteromedial border of the globus pallidus was shown to be the ...
Borgohain R - - 1995
A 27 year old female developed delayed onset of persistent generalized dystonia following a suicidal attempt with potassium cyanide. Cranial CT scan showed bilateral putaminal hypodensities which were also seen on MRI scans to be hypointense on T1 and hyperintense on T2 weighted images. Multimodality evoked potentials were normal. An ...
al Jishi F - - 1995
A young man with systemic lupus (SLE) developed hemichorea 13 years after the onset of his illness. For the first time in the course of his illness he had a positive test for anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of his brain showed lesions of presumed vascular cause in ...
Natsume J - - 1995
An infant who demonstrated clinical features compatible with total asphyxia is reported. Immediately after birth, the patient manifested severe hypotonia and total absence of cranial nerve functions. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed abnormal intensity of the thalamus and putamen, and atrophy of the brainstem. Late components of brainstem auditory evoked potential ...
Kim J S - - 1995
Infectious disease is a rare cause of parkinsonism. We report a 7-year-old boy who developed flu-like symptoms followed by parkinsonian features including hypophonia, hypomimia, bradykinesia, and dystonia. A T2-weighted brain magnetic resonance imaging showed high signal intensities in both basal ganglia. The results of serial serologic tests of Mycoplasma pneumonia ...
Masdeu J C - - 1995
Brain infections are generally well visualized by contrast-enhanced computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. However, these modalities are often unrevealing in the encephalopathy produced by the human immunodeficiency virus and in the early stages of herpes simplex encephalitis. Several studies have documented the greater sensitivity of perfusion single-photon emission computed ...
Ono J - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Manganese deposition was suspected in a pediatric patient who received long-term total parenteral nutrition. T1-weighted magnetic resonance images revealed high intensity areas in the globus pallidus. This study was designed to clarify if these abnormal findings were related to manganese deposition and clinical neurological manifestations. METHODS: Whole-blood manganese concentrations ...
Kimura S - - 1995
Two cases of a 13-year-old girl and a 14-year-old boy with postinfectious focal encephalitis due to influenza are reported. The clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings included: (1) partial motor seizures as the initial central nervous system manifestation, appearing more than 20 days after the influenzal infection, (2) no ...
Hamano S - - 1995
We describe a 15 year old patient with paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis. Neurological examinations revealed a paresis of the right arm and hand that was similar to ulnar nerve palsy, a right homonymous hemianopsia and an ocular movement disturbance of smooth pursuit to left. Attacks of dystonic spasms began abruptly, usually ...
Ozgun B - - 1995
We describe a case of bilateral basal ganglia hemorrhage after a lightning strike to the head documented by a CT scan. Review of the literature shows this to be the most common brain imaging finding that can be attributed to a lightning strike. Several mechanistic theories are discussed, with the ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >