Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 892
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Alsolaiman M M - - 2001
We report a case of sinoatrial node block associated with syncopal episodes that required a temporary pacemaker. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed lesions of both temporal lobes consistent with viral encephalitis, presumably due to herpes simplex virus (HSV). The patient quickly recovered with intravenous acyclovir (Zovirax) therapy. ...
Barbosa E R - - 2001
This 54-year-old man accidentally sprayed himself with the chemical agent glyphosate, a herbicide derived from the amino acid glycine. He developed disseminated skin lesions 6 hours after the accident. One month later, he developed a symmetrical parkinsonian syndrome. Two years after the initial exposure to glyphosate, magnetic resonance imaging revealed ...
Kim S S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the brain CT and MR imaging findings of unusual acute encephalitis involving the thalamus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and CT and/or MR imaging findings of six patients with acute encephalitis involving the thalamus. CT (n=6) and MR imaging (n=6) were performed during ...
Topcu M - - 2001
We report three infants with the diagnosis of molybdenum cofactor deficiency. The key findings leading to diagnosis were neonatal seizures unresponsive to treatment, craniofacial dysmorphic features, hyperexcitability, low blood uric acid levels, and neuroimaging findings. The parents were consanguineous in two of these patients. The diagnosis was established by the ...
Tang-Wai D F - - 2001
A 68-year-old woman presented with thunderclap headache, which led to a search for subarachnoid hemorrhage. Both computerized tomography of the head and cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed abnormalities in the white matter in the parieto-occipital regions. There was no aneurysm on magnetic resonance angiography. Treatment of ...
Voudris K A - - 2001
Acute necrotizing encephalopathy following influenza A is frequently reported from Japan and Taiwan but is very rarely seen in Western countries. We describe a 10-year-old boy with acute necrotizing encephalopathy, who developed symmetrical thalamic and brain stem lesions seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Serological confirmation of influenza A was ...
Russell M T - - 2001
A 55 year old female receiving gemcitabine for stage IV non-small cell carcinoma of the lung developed the clinical-radiologic syndrome of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). She had clinical manifestations of headaches, increasing somnolence and tonic-clonic seizures. The fluid-attentuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MR imaging sequence conspicuously showed bihemispheric, symmetrical cortical ...
Caruso J M - - 2001
A 7-year-old girl with primary varicella presented with encephalopathy and focal neurologic deficits 10 days after her first skin lesions appeared. She was discovered to have bilateral wedge-shaped renal infarctions, and ischemic lesions in the conus medullaris, cerebral cortex, and deep gray matter consistent with a medium and large vessel ...
Wang H S - - 2001
Symmetric change of the entire area of the bilateral thalami, as with panthalamic lesions, plus involvement of other regions in the brain rarely occurs to previously healthy children. The term, acute necrotizing encephalopathy of childhood, has recently been proposed. Its clinical, radiological, and pathological features are described. This disease predominantly ...
Yamada K - - 2000
We reported a rare case of an occipital encephalocystocele linked by bilateral posterior horns of the lateral ventricles. The subject was a newborn girl with a large occipital cephalocele (6 x 9 cm in diameter) covered with alopetic skin. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage was not observed. The fontanel was soft, but ...
Schröter A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the clinical diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). BACKGROUND: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare neurodegenerative disease that belongs to the group of human spongiform encephalopathies and usually affects elderly people. It is clinically characterized by rapidly progressive dementia and ...
Tiamkao S - - 2000
The Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome (HSS) is a rare condition characterized by extrapyramidal and pyramidal signs, dystonia, dysarthria, retinal degeneration, dementia and a progressive course. The development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has increased the number of clinical and pathological reports of HSS. MRI pallidal abnormalities are called "eye of the tiger" ...
Deleu D - - 2000
Focal dystonia has been attributed to lesions involving the basal ganglia and/or thalamus. Hand dystonia was studied in a patient with a unilateral thalamic infarction documented by MRI. A 18-year-old girl presented with severe isolated dystonia of the right hand as a sequel of perinatal infarction. MRI scan revealed infarction ...
Schwartz R B - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical parameters that are associated with the development of brain edema of hypertensive encephalopathy in patients with preeclampsia-eclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with preeclampsia-eclampsia and neurologic symptoms underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Clinical parameters recorded at the time of MR imaging included serum electrolytes and ...
D'Aprile P - - 2000
We report a 13-year-old girl with leukaemia and Wernicke's encephalopathy induced by total parenteral nutrition. MRI showed unusual bilateral lesions of the caudate nuclei and cerebral cortex, as well as typical lesions surrounding the third ventricle and aqueduct. After intravenous thiamine, the patient improved, and the abnormalities on MRI disappeared.
Ito T - - 2000
A child with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) developed after acute herpetic gingivostomatisis was described. Inspite of the improvement of his gingivostomatitis, his consciousness gradually deteriorated and he was admitted to Nakadori General Hospital. His consciousness level was drowsiness and increased bilateral patellar reflexes were shown. Because magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Lucchini R - - 2000
Due to its paramagnetic properties, manganese (Mn) can be effectively visualized by MRI. Mn accumulates selectively in the globus pallidus of basal ganglia, where it can produce high signals at brain magnetic resonance. These hyperintensities are bilateral, symmetrical, and visible in T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of different manganese overload conditions. ...
Signorini E - - 2000
We report a 20-month-old girl with postdiarrheal (Shiga toxin) hemolytic uremic syndrome and severe encephalopathy. Magnetic resonance (MR) images were obtained in the acute phase of the disease and after 10 months. The first MR images showed widespread high signal intensity on T2-weighted and low signal intensity on T1-weighted images, ...
Patel N - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to determine the intracellular pH of the whole head and in voxels localized to the basal ganglia in patients with chronic liver disease using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS). The study group compromised 82 patients with biopsy-proven cirrhosis (43 Child's grade A, 25 ...
Li J Y - - 2000
The authors report a 72-year-old patient who presented with parkinsonism after hypoxic-ischemic insult. T1-weighted MRI revealed high signal intensity lesions in the basal ganglia. Pathologic study of the brain disclosed multiple foci of old infarcts with gliosis and lipid-laden and hemosiderin-laden macrophages, indicating a previous minor hemorrhage after infarction. This ...
Ifthikharuddin S F - - 2000
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors undertook this study to identify a precise, semiautomated, reproducible magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique for measuring the basal ganglia, to establish normative volumetric data, and to verify the presence of previously reported asymmetries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy adults underwent cranial MR examination. The volumes ...
Cecil K M - - 2000
We report MRI and proton MR spectroscopy (MRS) findings in a 12-month-old girl with Epstein-Barr virus encephalitis. CT and MRI showed focal lesions in the basal ganglia. MRS of the lesions showed decreased N-acetyl aspartate and elevation of some amino acids, indicating an infectious rather than ischemic etiology. This case ...
Sarji S A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The newly discovered Nipah virus causes an acute febrile encephalitic illness in humans that is associated with a high mortality. The purpose of this study is to describe the MR imaging findings of Nipah encephalitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR imaging of the brain was performed in 31 patients with ...
Gouider-Khouja N - - 2000
We report clinical features, CT-scan and MRI findings of three siblings with Hallervorden-Spätz disease, one of them followed for more than 20years. Patient 1 presented at age 10 with progressive generalized dystonia. Five years later she had violent dystonic spasms with opisthotonos and marked oro-mandibular involvement. Later, dystonia stabilized and ...
Komiyama M - - 2000
Our purpose was to investigate nonhaemorrhagic infarcts with a short T1 in the cerebellum and basal ganglia. We carried out repeat MRI on 12 patients with infarcts in the cerebellum or basal ganglia with a short T1. Cerebellar cortical lesions showed high signal on T1-weighted spin-echo images beginning at 2 ...
Leonard J R - - 2000
We sought to identify the initial MR findings of herpes simplex encephalitis in infants and young children. MR imaging findings of herpes encephalitis in infants and young children appear to differ from those seen in neonates, older children, and adults. Appreciation of this MR imaging pattern coupled with a strong ...
Cambonie G - - 2000
A previously healthy 4-year-old boy presented with typical measles and demonstrated lesions confined to basal ganglia. The clinical symptoms were an abrupt onset, impaired consciousness and mutism, extrapyramidal signs and severe neurovegetative dysfunction. No modification of the cerebrospinal fluid was observed; laboratory tests were all normal with the exception of ...
Kanda T - - 2000
We report a case with portal systemic encephalopathy who presented with dressing and constructional apraxia and subtle weakness of the left hand. We initially suspected a cerebrovascular attack in the right cerebral hemisphere, but brain T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed high intensity in the basal ganglia and hyperammonemia was ...
Palfi S - - 2000
Delayed abnormal movements can be observed in patients with acute neurologic insult after a prolonged period of apparent neurologic stability. To reproduce such a secondary neurologic manifestation in primates, the present experiment investigated whether systemic administration of subacute 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP), a mitochondrial toxin, could induce abnormal movements that were ...
Okumura A - - 2000
We report two infants with bilateral basal ganglia-thalamic lesions subsequent to prolonged fetal bradycardia. Cardiotocogram revealed severe bradycardia lasting for more than 20 min in both. They demonstrated a significant encephalopathy, abnormal muscle tones and signs of brainstem injury. Clinical or electrical seizures were not observed in either of them. ...
Jauhar P - - 2000
The proportion of patients with Korsakoff psychosis (KP) who have a history of Wernicke's encephalopathy is smaller in recent studies compared to previous studies. Neuropsychological tests, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and single photon emission computed tomography were conducted in eight patients with KP, only four of whom had had a ...
Deramo V A - - 2000
A 34-year-old woman presented with bilateral ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, and mild gait ataxia. Tensilon test, magnetic resonance imaging, and cerebrospinal fluid analysis were normal. She initially denied any alcohol intake but later admitted to significant alcohol and multisubstance abuse. The patient improved dramatically after treatment with thiamine. Wernicke's encephalopathy is discussed, ...
Lai P H - - 2000
We present a case of multiple dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) in a 60-year-old man with the chief complaint of worsening headache, altered mental status and progressively unsteady gait over the course of one year. Computerized tomography revealed diffuse, symmetric calcification in the bilateral basal ganglia and bilateral periventricular and subcortical ...
O'Donnell P - - 2000
AIMS: To describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances of the brain in acute carbon monoxide poisoning, the commonest cause of accidental poisoning in Europe and the U.S.A. To attempt to correlate the imaging findings with patient outcome as an aid to prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Brain MRI was performed ...
Albers J W - - 2000
We examined 52 railroad workers with long-term occupational solvent exposures (average 22 years duration) who had been previously diagnosed by others as having solvent-induced toxic encephalopathy. All described episodes of transient intoxication associated with occupational solvent exposure. Persistent symptoms developed, an average, 16 years after exposure onset and included impaired ...
Catafau A M - - 2000
Early detection of neuropsychologic impairment in cirrhotic patients with subclinical hepatic encephalopathy (SHE) is important for their prognosis and quality of life. Abnormal MRI and MR spectroscopy (MRS) findings have been proposed as early markers of brain damage in these patients, but the role of functional neuroimaging in this field ...
Cooney M J - - 2000
We routinely perform echo-planar diffusion-weighted sequences in all brain magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies. When three children undergoing chemotherapy for acute leukemia presented with seizures, conventional MR images demonstrated what appeared to be acute, posterior, parasagittal infarcts. However, diffusion-weighted images were normal. These MR imaging findings were consistent with those ...
Kalita J - - 2000
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is the commonest endemic encephalitis but there are very few studies on the radiological changes and these are based on relatively small number of patients. The present study aims at comparing the CT scan and MRI findings in JE and correlate these with the reported histopathological findings. ...
Ikeda S - - 2000
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine if there is latent manganese toxicity in patients with biliary atresia. METHODS: Fifteen children with biliary atresia were examined postoperatively with regard to whole-blood manganese levels using brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and I-123 iodoamphetamine (IMP) per rectal portal scintigraphy. RESULTS: ...
Avoni P - - 2000
A woman had severe psychomotor retardation, epilepsy, rigidity, and chorioretinitis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebellar and cerebral atrophy and hypointensities in T2-weighted images of the thalami and basal ganglia. Muscle biopsy documented size variations in rounded muscle fibers, fibrosis, and minicores on electron microscopy. Merosin staining was normal. These hitherto ...
Nogami K - - 2000
Recent progress in cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques improved the survival rate of patients with acute cardiopulmonary disturbances. However, severe cerebral complications remained frequently in patients who survived the acute stage. Early prediction of cerebral prognosis is important to optimize the management of these patients. We examined the relations between radiological findings ...
Okuchi K - - 2000
Two patients with status epilepticus due to specific conditions were examined using MRI and stable Xe/CT CBF. [Case 1] A 30-year-old woman developed a grand mal seizure during delivery. She was comatose, and MRI revealed abnormal high intensity areas bilateral basal ganglia, compatible with eclampsia. Regional CBF was decreased in ...
Iwase K - - 2000
The authors reported the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) detection of manganese (Mn) deposition in the basal ganglia of a pancreatoduodenectomized patient following 30-day parenteral nutrition. A multi-trace element supplement solution including 20 micromol Mn/day was parenterally administered for 30 days postoperatively. The serum level of total bilirubin normalized on the ...
Di Rocco M - - 2000
We describe a child with severe psychomotor retardation, peripheral neuropathy and bilateral abnormal signal in basal ganglia on magnetic resonance imaging, consistent with Leigh disease. Fibroblast pyruvate dehydrogenase assayed with routine method was normal. However, because of neurological improvement after treatment with thiamine, pyruvate dehydrogenase activity was studied again with ...
Kwong K L - - 2000
Parkinsonism complicating systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is extremely rare. We report two girls with SLE who developed extrapyramidal parkinsonian features after an initial stormy course. One patient presented with generalized tonic clonic seizure and was then noted to have akinetic mutism and masked face. MRI brain revealed abnormal signals in ...
Morgan B W - - 2000
Ethylene glycol toxicity has produced central nervous system abnormalities including coma, cerebral edema, and cranial nerve dysfunction. A 26-year-old male developed widespread brainstem and midbrain dysfunction with corresponding cranial computed tomography findings after ingesting ethylene glycol. The computed tomography scan which was obtained 3 days after ethylene glycol ingestion showed ...
Budka H - - 2000
Neuropathological examination has remained the most important tool to give a definite diagnosis of human transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). In recent years, immunohistochemistry (IHC) for the disease-associated prion protein (PrP) has emerged as an indispensable adjunct to the neuropathological confirmation of TSEs, especially in cases with equivocal histopathological changes. The ...
Lera G - - 2000
We report a series of seven patients in whom a combined pattern of complex movement disorders restricted to one upper extremity emerged as a result of posterolateral thalamic lesions of vascular origin. This disorder was mainly characterized by choreiform and dystonic movements associated with variable, rhythmic, alternating movements of low ...
Inui K - - 2000
Fucosidosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a deficiency of alpha-L-fucosidase. In this report, we describe clinical and magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of a chronic infantile type patient heterozygous for a nonsense mutation and a large deletion. The disease onset occurred at 2-3 years of age. She ...
Oerlemans W G - - 1999
We report a 22-year-old girl presenting with acute onset left sided hemiballism-hemichorea (HH) and non-ketotic hyperglycemia (NKH). Initial brain CT revealed faint hyperdensities, sharply confined to the contralateral nucleus caudatus and putamen. Sequential MRI investigations yielded increasing hypersignal intensities on T1-weighted images and resolving hypodensities on T2-weighted images of the ...
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