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Ségonne Florent - - 2007
In this paper, we focus on the retrospective topology correction of surfaces. We propose a technique to accurately correct the spherical topology of cortical surfaces. Specifically, we construct a mapping from the original surface onto the sphere to detect topological defects as minimal nonhomeomorphic regions. The topology of each defect ...
Avdievich N I NI Department of Radiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA. - - 2007
Typically 31P in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopic studies are limited by SNR considerations. Although phased arrays can improve the SNR; to date 31P phased arrays for high-field systems have not been combined with 31P volume transmit coils. Additionally, to provide anatomical reference for the 31P studies, without removal of the ...
Georgouli T - - 2008
The eye is involved in several pathologies where precise identification of the underlying condition is essential for the optimal patient care. This preliminary report presents the potential of high-resolution microscopy coil magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) to undertake this task being actively used in the clinical setting. We used a commercially ...
Parvin Bahram - - 2007
Saliency is an important perceptual cue that occurs at different levels of resolution. Important attributes of saliency are symmetry, continuity, and closure. Detection of these attributes is often hindered by noise, variation in scale, and incomplete information. This paper introduces the iterative voting method, which uses oriented kernels for inferring ...
Bentley Michael D - - 2007
The three-dimensional architecture of nephrons in situ and their interrelationship with other nephrons are difficult to visualize by microscopic methods. The present study uses microcomputed X-ray tomography (micro-CT) to visualize intact nephrons in situ. Rat kidneys were perfusion-fixed with buffered formalin and their vasculature was subsequently perfused with radiopaque silicone. ...
Zama Uyrá - - 2007
The sperm of Microstigmus arlei and Microstigmus nigrophthalmus are twisted in a spiral and consist of two regions: the head, formed by an acrosome and a nucleus, and the flagellum, formed by two asymmetric mitochondrial derivatives, a long centriolar adjunct, an axoneme (9+9+2) and two accessory bodies. The head shows ...
Wharton Iain P - - 2007
PURPOSE: To integrate a high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) transducer with an MR receiver coil for endocavitary MR-guided thermal ablation of localized pelvic lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hollow semicylindrical probe (diameter 3.2 cm) with a rectangular upper surface (7.2 cm x 3.2 cm) was designed to house a HIFU ...
Li Lu-Ping - - 2007
PURPOSE: To extend observations on intra-renal oxygenation with blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) MRI in human and rats to mouse kidneys imaged with a human whole-body scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal BOLD MRI studies were performed on a 3.0T scanner using a multiple gradient-echo (mGRE) sequence with a custom-designed 2.0-cm surface ...
Ben-Artzi Gil - - 2007
In this paper, we introduce a family of filter kernels--the Gray-Code Kernels (GCK) and demonstrate their use in image analysis. Filtering an image with a sequence of Gray-Code Kernels is highly efficient and requires only two operations per pixel for each filter kernel, independent of the size or dimension of ...
Bydder Mark - - 2007
Sensitivity encoding (SENSE) is a magnetic resonance technique that unifies gradient and receive coil encoding. SENSE reconstructs the image by solving a large, ill-conditioned inverse problem, which generally requires regularization and preconditioning. The present study suggests a simple heuristic for determining the regularization parameter. Also discussed are the use of ...
Li Yang - - 2007
Simple feedforward ideas are shown to lead to a nearly tenfold increase in the effective bandwidth of a closed-loop piezoelectric positioning stage used in scanning probe microscopy. If the desired control signal is known in advance, the feedforward filter can be acausal: the information about the future can be used ...
Hiratsuka Yoshiyasu - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance advantages of an 8-element phased array head coil (8 ch coil) over a conventional quadrature-type birdcage head coil (QD coil) with regard to the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and image uniformity in 3 Tesla magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We scanned a phantom filled ...
Eskildsen Simon F - - 2007
In the last decade several methods for extracting the human cerebral cortex from magnetic resonance images have been proposed. Studies comparing these methods have been few. In this study we compare a recent cortical extraction method with FreeSurfer, which has been widespread in the scientific community during recent years. The ...
Nakajima Manabu - - 2007
In radiofrequency (RF) coil design for ultra-high-field magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, short RF wavelengths present various challenges to creating a big volume coil. When imaging a human body using an ultra-high magnetic field MR imaging system (magnetic flux density of 7 Tesla or more), short wavelength may induce artifacts from ...
Peters Thomas J TJ Department of Computer Science and Mathematics, Nipissing University, North Bay, ON P1B 8L7, Canada. - - 2007
Microarray images are becoming increasingly important in bioinformatics, proteomics, and in the development of patient-specific therapies. The compression, processing, and analysis of these images are relatively new topics of research. In this paper, we focus on microarray image compression using singular value decomposition (SVD), a well known information compaction method. ...
Ardizzone Edoardo E Università degli studi di Palermo, DINFO Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica, viale delle Scienze, Ed. 6, 3 piano, 90128, Palermo, Italy. - - 2007
Magnetic Resonance images are often characterized by irregularly displaced luminance fluctuations that are called bias artifact. This disturb is due to a drop in signal intensity caused by the distance between imaged sample and receiver coil. An original approach to bias removal in Magnetic Resonance images is presented, which is ...
Sánchez H H School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, University of Queensland, Australia. - - 2007
The design of high-performance gradient coils is essential for modern magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. This work presents a new and alternative design methodology that explores three-dimensional (3D) solution space by combining fuzzy membership functions to model and re-shape the coil structure, given the magnetic field, electrical and mechanical constraints. ...
Xu Jian J Laboratory for Computational Neuroscience, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Pittsburgh, PA 15260, - - 2007
Video transmission plays a critical role in robotic telesurgery because of the required high bandwidth and quality requirement. We propose an adaptive video preprocessing technique to accelerate the transmission of telesurgical video. Using this technique, the bandwidth can be reallocated adaptively from non-essential surrounding regions to the region of interest ...
Giannakeas Nikolaos N Laboratory of Biological Chemistry, Medical School, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece, GR 45110. - - 2007
Microarray technology provides a powerful tool for the quantification of the expression level for a large number of genes simultaneously. Image analysis is a crucial step for data extraction of microarray gene expression experiments. In this paper we propose a supervised method for the segmentation of microarray images. The Bayes ...
Demongeot Jacques J University Joseph Fourier of Grenoble, Faculty of Medicine of Grenoble, TIMC-IMAG, UMR UJF-C.N.R.S. 5525, La Tronche, F-38700 France. - - 2007
We present in this paper a series of operators coming from various domains of mathematical analysis (approximation theory, differential geometry, optimization and partial differential equations (PDE's)) and able to give adequate responses to low level image processing tasks like contrasting, segmenting and contouring objects of interest in bio-medical images. These ...
Rengle A A CREATIS-LRMN, CNRS, UMR 5220, Villeurbanne, - - 2007
Despite that on clinical systems phased array technology is now widely used, the high field MRI experimental systems with multiple receiver channels just became available few years ago. For this reason and due to the large range of magnetic field (frequencies between 200 and 500 MHz for proton resonance), commercial ...
Surowka Grzegorz G Department of Information Technology, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Cracow, Poland. - - 2007
We use the wavelet-based decomposition to generate the multiresolution representation of dermatoscopic images of potentially malignant pigmented lesions. Three different machine learning methods are experimentally applied, namely neural networks, support vector machines, and Attributional Calculus. The obtained results confirm that neighborhood properties of pixels in dermatoscopic images are a sensitive ...
Solis S E SE Medical Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973, USA. - - 2007
A variant coil of the high frequency cavity resonator coil was experimentally developed according to the theoretical frame proposed by Mansfield in 1990. This coil design is similar to the popular birdcage coil but it has the advantage that it can be easily built following the physical principles of the ...
Seo J H JH Department of Biomedical Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi, Republic of - - 2007
RF coils play an important role to acquire MR images with the maintenance of high homogeneity in high field MR system more than 3.0 T. Many kinds of RF coils such as birdcage coil, STR, surface coil, and phase array coil have been used, however, the good uniformity of a ...
dos Santos Rafael A P RA Instituto de Informática, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Caixa Postal 15064, 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil. - - 2007
This paper presents a context adaptive coding method for image sequences in hemodynamics. The proposed method implements motion compensation through of a two-stage context adaptive linear predictor. It is robust to the local intensity changes and the noise that often degrades these image sequences, and provides lossless and near-lossless quality. ...
Bliokh K Yu - - 2006
We consider, both theoretically and experimentally, the excitation and detection of the localized quasimodes (resonances) in an open dissipative 1D random system. We show that, even though the amplitude of transmission drops dramatically so that it cannot be observed in the presence of small losses, resonances are still clearly exhibited ...
Voss Henning U - - 2006
A novel two-dimensional ladder network resonator design is introduced for signal transmission and detection in magnetic resonance imaging. It is shown that planar structures consisting solely of inductively coupled elements have a high-pass eigenmode spectrum and exhibit eigenfunctions which can be used for magnetic resonance imaging, including quadrature operation. Two ...
Baker Kenneth B - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the MRI-related heating per unit of specific absorption rate (SAR) profile of a conductive implant between two 1.5-Tesla/64 MHz MR systems using a transmit/receive (t/r) head coil configuration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) leads were configured within a gel-filled phantom of the human head and ...
Lymer Katherine - - 2007
We determined the reproducibility of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) measurements using 2D J-resolved magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) on a clinical 1.5-T MR imaging scanner. Two-dimensional J-resolved spectra were acquired in vitro across five GABA concentrations using a volume head coil and a 5-in. surface coil. Additional spectra using a sixth GABA ...
Abdelmaksoud M - - 2006
We have observed that when mobile adsorbed films of benzene, tricresyl phosphate, and tertiary-butyl phenyl phosphate are present on the surface electrode of a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), oscillation of the QCM produces clearer scanning tunneling microscope (STM) images of the electrode surface. This is in contrast to an immobile ...
Bittoun Jacques - - 2006
MR imaging of the skin is challenging because of the small size of the structures to be visualized. By increasing the gradient amplitude and/or duration, skin layers can be visualized with a voxel size of the order of 20 microm, clearly the smallest obtained for in vivo images in a ...
Riddell Angela M - - 2006
The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of external surface-coil MRI as a new method of imaging the esophagus and esophageal cancer. The results for the 10 patients investigated indicate that by using a high-resolution axial T2-weighted sequence (small field of view, thin section images), MRI ...
Fütterer Jurgen J - - 2007
To compare the visibility of anatomical details and prostate cancer local staging performance of pelvic phased-array coil and integrated endorectal-pelvic phased-array coil MR imaging, with histologic analysis serving as the reference standard. MR imaging was performed in 81 consecutive patients with biopsy-proved prostate cancer, prior to radical prostatectomy, on a ...
Klessen Christian - - 2007
With the advent of powerful gradient coil systems and high-resolution surface coils, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has recently extended its role in the staging of rectal cancer. MRI is superior to endorectal ultrasound, the most widely used staging modality in patients with rectal tumors, in that it visualizes not only ...
Keller M D - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Obtaining magnetic resonance images of the inner hoof wall tissue at the microscopic level would enable early accurate diagnosis of laminitis and therefore more effective therapy. OBJECTIVES: To optimise magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters in order to obtain the highest possible resolution of the structures beneath ...
Saitwal Kishor - - 2006
Eigendecomposition is a common technique that is performed on sets of correlated images in a number of computer vision and robotics applications. Unfortunately, the computation of an eigendecomposition can become prohibitively expensive when dealing with very high-resolution images. While reducing the resolution of the images will reduce the computational expense, ...
Yuan Jing - - 2007
Bi-2223 tape is a low-cost, long-length high temperature superconducting material. The new application of Bi-2223 tape for gradient coils for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is studied in this paper. Because Bi-2223 tape has a much higher critical current density and a much lower power loss than copper, a Bi-2223 high ...
Okumura Miwa - - 2006
To evaluate the characteristics of edge-preserving adaptive filters for selectively eliminating noise without affecting resolution in low-dose scanning, we have developed a digital phantom image and evaluated noise statistical values, noise characteristics, and resolution characteristics. The results confirmed that edge-preserving adaptive filters function as smoothing filters in low-contrast regions containing ...
Schaffer Bernhard - - 2006
This paper deals with the application of high-energy resolution EFTEM image series and the corrections needed for reliable data interpretation. The detail of spectral information gained from an image series is largely determined by the intrinsic energy resolution. In this work we show that energy resolution values of as low ...
Wiggins G C - - 2006
A 32-channel 3T receive-only phased-array head coil was developed for human brain imaging. The helmet-shaped array was designed to closely fit the head with individual overlapping circular elements arranged in patterns of hexagonal and pentagonal symmetry similar to that of a soccer ball. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and noise amplification ...
Ruan Zhichao - - 2006
By using the rigid full-vectorial three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method, we show that the enhanced transmission through a metallic film with a periodic array of subwavelength holes results from two different resonances: (i) localized waveguide resonances where each air hole can be considered as a section of metallic waveguide with both ...
Cunningham Charles H - - 2006
For in vivo magnetic resonance imaging at high field (> or =3 T) it is essential to consider the homogeneity of the active B(1) field (B(1)+), particularly if surface coils are used for RF transmission. A new method is presented for highly rapid B(1)+ magnitude mapping. It combines the double ...
Choong Miew Keen - - 2006
This paper attempts to improve the diagnostic quality of magnetic resonance (MR) images through application of lossy compression as a noise-reducing filter. The amount of imaging noise present in MR images is compared with the amount of noise introduced by the compression, with particular attention given to the situation where ...
Lankoande Ousseini - - 2006
A novel Markov-random-field model for speckled synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery is derived according to the physical, spatial statistical properties of speckle noise in coherent imaging. A convex Gibbs energy function for speckled images is derived and utilized to perform speckle-compensating image estimation. The image estimation is formed by computing ...
Heye Tobias - - 2006
Our aim was to conduct a prospective study to evaluate staging accuracy of a new coil concept for endoluminal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on ex vivo gastric carcinomas. Twenty-eight consecutive patients referred to surgery with a clinically proven primary gastric malignancy were included. Surgical specimens were examined with a foldable ...
Alecci M - - 2006
MRI is proving to be a very useful tool for sodium quantification in animal models of stroke, ischemia, and cancer. In this work, we present the practical design of a dual-frequency RF surface coil that provides (1)H and (23)Na images of the rat head at 4 T. The dual-frequency RF ...
Niendorf Thoralf - - 2006
Cardiovascular MR imaging (CVMR) has become a valuable modality for the non-invasive detection and characterization of cardiovascular diseases. CVMR requires high imaging speed and efficiency, which is fundamentally limited in conventional cardiovascular MRI studies. With the introduction of parallel imaging, alternative means for increasing acquisition speed beyond these limits have ...
Schaefer Juergen F - - 2006
Although MRI is an effective modality in oncology, state-of-the-art total-body MRI (TB-MRI) in the past was infeasible in the diagnostic work-up, due to the need for repeated examinations with repositioning and separate surface coils to cover all body parts. To overcome this limitation, either a moving table platform in combination ...
Benahmed Nasreddine - - 2006
In this paper, we have successfully realized a numerical tool to analyse and to design an n-element unloaded coaxial line transverse electromagnetic (TEM) resonator. This numerical tool allows the determination of the primary parameters, matrices [L], [C] and [R], and simulates the frequency response of S11 at the RF port ...
Rigling Brian D - - 2006
This paper discusses the effect of motion measurement errors (MMEs) on measured bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) phase history data that has been motion compensated to the scene origin. We characterize the effect of low-frequency MMEs on bistatic SAR images, and, based on this characterization, we derive limits on the ...
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