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Results 351 - 400 of 939
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Seo J H - - 2007
RF coils play an important role to acquire MR images with the maintenance of high homogeneity in high field MR system more than 3.0 T. Many kinds of RF coils such as birdcage coil, STR, surface coil, and phase array coil have been used, however, the good uniformity of a ...
Nakajima Manabu - - 2007
In radiofrequency (RF) coil design for ultra-high-field magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, short RF wavelengths present various challenges to creating a big volume coil. When imaging a human body using an ultra-high magnetic field MR imaging system (magnetic flux density of 7 Tesla or more), short wavelength may induce artifacts from ...
Sánchez H - - 2007
The design of high-performance gradient coils is essential for modern magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applications. This work presents a new and alternative design methodology that explores three-dimensional (3D) solution space by combining fuzzy membership functions to model and re-shape the coil structure, given the magnetic field, electrical and mechanical constraints. ...
Rengle A - - 2007
Despite that on clinical systems phased array technology is now widely used, the high field MRI experimental systems with multiple receiver channels just became available few years ago. For this reason and due to the large range of magnetic field (frequencies between 200 and 500 MHz for proton resonance), commercial ...
Giannakeas Nikolaos - - 2007
Microarray technology provides a powerful tool for the quantification of the expression level for a large number of genes simultaneously. Image analysis is a crucial step for data extraction of microarray gene expression experiments. In this paper we propose a supervised method for the segmentation of microarray images. The Bayes ...
Xu Jian - - 2007
Video transmission plays a critical role in robotic telesurgery because of the required high bandwidth and quality requirement. We propose an adaptive video preprocessing technique to accelerate the transmission of telesurgical video. Using this technique, the bandwidth can be reallocated adaptively from non-essential surrounding regions to the region of interest ...
Bliokh K Yu - - 2006
We consider, both theoretically and experimentally, the excitation and detection of the localized quasimodes (resonances) in an open dissipative 1D random system. We show that, even though the amplitude of transmission drops dramatically so that it cannot be observed in the presence of small losses, resonances are still clearly exhibited ...
Voss Henning U - - 2006
A novel two-dimensional ladder network resonator design is introduced for signal transmission and detection in magnetic resonance imaging. It is shown that planar structures consisting solely of inductively coupled elements have a high-pass eigenmode spectrum and exhibit eigenfunctions which can be used for magnetic resonance imaging, including quadrature operation. Two ...
Baker Kenneth B - - 2006
PURPOSE: To compare the MRI-related heating per unit of specific absorption rate (SAR) profile of a conductive implant between two 1.5-Tesla/64 MHz MR systems using a transmit/receive (t/r) head coil configuration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) leads were configured within a gel-filled phantom of the human head and ...
Lymer Katherine - - 2007
We determined the reproducibility of GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) measurements using 2D J-resolved magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) on a clinical 1.5-T MR imaging scanner. Two-dimensional J-resolved spectra were acquired in vitro across five GABA concentrations using a volume head coil and a 5-in. surface coil. Additional spectra using a sixth GABA ...
Abdelmaksoud M - - 2006
We have observed that when mobile adsorbed films of benzene, tricresyl phosphate, and tertiary-butyl phenyl phosphate are present on the surface electrode of a quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), oscillation of the QCM produces clearer scanning tunneling microscope (STM) images of the electrode surface. This is in contrast to an immobile ...
Bittoun Jacques - - 2006
MR imaging of the skin is challenging because of the small size of the structures to be visualized. By increasing the gradient amplitude and/or duration, skin layers can be visualized with a voxel size of the order of 20 microm, clearly the smallest obtained for in vivo images in a ...
Riddell Angela M - - 2006
The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of external surface-coil MRI as a new method of imaging the esophagus and esophageal cancer. The results for the 10 patients investigated indicate that by using a high-resolution axial T2-weighted sequence (small field of view, thin section images), MRI ...
Fütterer Jurgen J - - 2007
To compare the visibility of anatomical details and prostate cancer local staging performance of pelvic phased-array coil and integrated endorectal-pelvic phased-array coil MR imaging, with histologic analysis serving as the reference standard. MR imaging was performed in 81 consecutive patients with biopsy-proved prostate cancer, prior to radical prostatectomy, on a ...
Klessen Christian - - 2007
With the advent of powerful gradient coil systems and high-resolution surface coils, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has recently extended its role in the staging of rectal cancer. MRI is superior to endorectal ultrasound, the most widely used staging modality in patients with rectal tumors, in that it visualizes not only ...
Keller M D - - 2006
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Obtaining magnetic resonance images of the inner hoof wall tissue at the microscopic level would enable early accurate diagnosis of laminitis and therefore more effective therapy. OBJECTIVES: To optimise magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters in order to obtain the highest possible resolution of the structures beneath ...
Saitwal Kishor - - 2006
Eigendecomposition is a common technique that is performed on sets of correlated images in a number of computer vision and robotics applications. Unfortunately, the computation of an eigendecomposition can become prohibitively expensive when dealing with very high-resolution images. While reducing the resolution of the images will reduce the computational expense, ...
Yuan Jing - - 2007
Bi-2223 tape is a low-cost, long-length high temperature superconducting material. The new application of Bi-2223 tape for gradient coils for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is studied in this paper. Because Bi-2223 tape has a much higher critical current density and a much lower power loss than copper, a Bi-2223 high ...
Okumura Miwa - - 2006
To evaluate the characteristics of edge-preserving adaptive filters for selectively eliminating noise without affecting resolution in low-dose scanning, we have developed a digital phantom image and evaluated noise statistical values, noise characteristics, and resolution characteristics. The results confirmed that edge-preserving adaptive filters function as smoothing filters in low-contrast regions containing ...
Schaffer Bernhard - - 2006
This paper deals with the application of high-energy resolution EFTEM image series and the corrections needed for reliable data interpretation. The detail of spectral information gained from an image series is largely determined by the intrinsic energy resolution. In this work we show that energy resolution values of as low ...
Wiggins G C - - 2006
A 32-channel 3T receive-only phased-array head coil was developed for human brain imaging. The helmet-shaped array was designed to closely fit the head with individual overlapping circular elements arranged in patterns of hexagonal and pentagonal symmetry similar to that of a soccer ball. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and noise amplification ...
Ruan Zhichao - - 2006
By using the rigid full-vectorial three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain method, we show that the enhanced transmission through a metallic film with a periodic array of subwavelength holes results from two different resonances: (i) localized waveguide resonances where each air hole can be considered as a section of metallic waveguide with both ...
Cunningham Charles H - - 2006
For in vivo magnetic resonance imaging at high field (> or =3 T) it is essential to consider the homogeneity of the active B(1) field (B(1)+), particularly if surface coils are used for RF transmission. A new method is presented for highly rapid B(1)+ magnitude mapping. It combines the double ...
Choong Miew Keen - - 2006
This paper attempts to improve the diagnostic quality of magnetic resonance (MR) images through application of lossy compression as a noise-reducing filter. The amount of imaging noise present in MR images is compared with the amount of noise introduced by the compression, with particular attention given to the situation where ...
Lankoande Ousseini - - 2006
A novel Markov-random-field model for speckled synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery is derived according to the physical, spatial statistical properties of speckle noise in coherent imaging. A convex Gibbs energy function for speckled images is derived and utilized to perform speckle-compensating image estimation. The image estimation is formed by computing ...
Heye Tobias - - 2006
Our aim was to conduct a prospective study to evaluate staging accuracy of a new coil concept for endoluminal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on ex vivo gastric carcinomas. Twenty-eight consecutive patients referred to surgery with a clinically proven primary gastric malignancy were included. Surgical specimens were examined with a foldable ...
Alecci M - - 2006
MRI is proving to be a very useful tool for sodium quantification in animal models of stroke, ischemia, and cancer. In this work, we present the practical design of a dual-frequency RF surface coil that provides (1)H and (23)Na images of the rat head at 4 T. The dual-frequency RF ...
Niendorf Thoralf - - 2006
Cardiovascular MR imaging (CVMR) has become a valuable modality for the non-invasive detection and characterization of cardiovascular diseases. CVMR requires high imaging speed and efficiency, which is fundamentally limited in conventional cardiovascular MRI studies. With the introduction of parallel imaging, alternative means for increasing acquisition speed beyond these limits have ...
Schaefer Juergen F - - 2006
Although MRI is an effective modality in oncology, state-of-the-art total-body MRI (TB-MRI) in the past was infeasible in the diagnostic work-up, due to the need for repeated examinations with repositioning and separate surface coils to cover all body parts. To overcome this limitation, either a moving table platform in combination ...
Benahmed Nasreddine - - 2006
In this paper, we have successfully realized a numerical tool to analyse and to design an n-element unloaded coaxial line transverse electromagnetic (TEM) resonator. This numerical tool allows the determination of the primary parameters, matrices [L], [C] and [R], and simulates the frequency response of S11 at the RF port ...
Rigling Brian D - - 2006
This paper discusses the effect of motion measurement errors (MMEs) on measured bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) phase history data that has been motion compensated to the scene origin. We characterize the effect of low-frequency MMEs on bistatic SAR images, and, based on this characterization, we derive limits on the ...
Lefort C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated magnetic resonance (MR) capabilities in evaluating renal morphology and function in patients with urinary obstruction. The objective of this report is to support the introduction of dynamic MR renography on any MR equipment. METHODS: A custom-made device of vials filled with different concentrations of gadolinium ...
Ercan A - - 2006
X-ray pixel array detectors (PADs) are generally thought of as either digital photon counters (DPADs) or X-ray analog-integrating pixel array detectors (APADs). Experiences with APADs, which are especially well suited for X-ray imaging experiments where transient or high instantaneous flux events must be recorded, are reported. The design, characterization and ...
Park Young Seo - - 2006
We propose a fast arbitrary-ratio image resizing method for transcoding of the compressed images. The downsizing process in the discrete cosine transform (DCT) domain can be implemented by truncating high-frequency coefficients, whereas the upsizing process is implemented in the DCT domain by padding zero coefficients to the high-frequency part. The ...
Mathieu Jean-Baptiste - - 2006
This paper reports the use of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system to propel a ferromagnetic core. The concept was studied for future development of microdevices designed to perform minimally invasive interventions in remote sites accessible through the human cardiovascular system. A mathematical model is described taking into account various ...
Nael Kambiz - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We sought to implement and evaluate a high-performance, extended field of view protocol for time-resolved contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CEMRA) of the carotid circulation by using a dedicated neurovascular (NV) array coil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 adult volunteers and 20 clinical patients with suspected cerebrovascular disease ...
Wintersperger Bernd J - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of parallel imaging algorithms on image quality and volumetric accuracy of CINE magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with high temporal and spatial resolution using a new 32-channel dedicated cardiac phased array coil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen individuals underwent steady-state free precession (SSFP) CINE MRI using a ...
Klomp D W J - - 2006
A new coil design for sensitivity-enhanced 13C MR spectroscopy (MRS) of the human brain is presented. The design includes a quadrature transmit/receive head coil optimized for 13C MR sensitivity. Loss-less blocking circuits inside the coil conductors allow this coil to be used inside a homogeneous circularly polarized 1H B1 field ...
Girard Nadine - - 2006
Cerebral maturation in the human fetal brain was investigated by in utero localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Spectra were acquired on a clinical MR system operating at 1.5 T. Body phased array coils (four coils) were used in combination with spinal coils (two coils). The size of the nominal ...
Lemke Arne-Jörn - - 2006
MRI of uveal melanoma using 1.5-T technology and surface coils has developed into a standard procedure. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of 3.0-T technology in eye imaging. To optimize the MRI sequences for clinical eye imaging with 3.0-T, six healthy volunteers were conducted using a ...
Tung Kelly - - 2006
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is an asymptomatic cardiac disease characterized by fatty infiltration of the right ventricular myocardium and often results in sudden cardiac death. ARVD/C diagnosis includes the assessment of fatty infiltration, which can be achieved noninvasively with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). The standard CMR protocol places the ...
de Zwart Jacco A - - 2006
The use of multiple small receive coils has several advantages over a single larger (e.g. birdcage) coil. With an array of small receive coils, image signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) can be optimized throughout the field-of-view and the image acquisition process can be accelerated by use of parallel imaging (PI) techniques. In ...
Clarke Clyde - - 2006
A method for obtaining the optimal and specific sensor parameters for a tool-tip mountable ultrasonic transducer micro-array is presented. The ultrasonic transducer array sensor parameters, such as frequency of operation, element size, inter-element spacing, number of elements and transducer geometry are obtained using a quadratic programming method to obtain a ...
Dalal Ishaan L - - 2006
Commercial receivers used for parallel MR imaging often present researchers with hurdles such as high cost-per-channel, low scalability for multiple coils and non-accessibility to intermediate data for research. A novel low-cost multichannel digital receiver for use with MR scanners has been developed to alleviate these concerns. MR signals from up ...
Hoge W Scott - - 2006
Two image reconstruction methods currently dominate parallel MR imaging: SENSE and GRAPPA. While both seek to reconstruct images from subsampled multi-channel MRI data, there exist fundamental differences between the two. In particular, SENSE reconstructs an image of the excited spin-density directly whereas GRAPPA reconstructs estimates of the fully sampled raw ...
Trakic A - - 2006
Eddy currents induced within a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cryostat bore during pulsing of gradient coils can be applied constructively together with the gradient currents that generate them, to obtain good quality gradient uniformities within a specified imaging volume over time. This can be achieved by simultaneously optimizing the spatial ...
Meyer Craig H - - 2006
Spiral k-space scanning is a rapid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that can provide an order of magnitude reduction in scan time compared to conventional spin warp techniques. Parallel imaging is another method for reducing scan time that exploits spatially varying radiofrequency (RF) coil sensitivities to reduce the amount of ...
Bhattarai Nitya - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to describe the features of intraductal papilloma on MR ductography using a microscopic coil. Intraductal papilloma appeared in most cases as a well-circumscribed mass with early enhancement and delayed washout associated with a dilated duct, predominantly showing signal hyperintensity on T1- and T2-weighted imaging.
Zangos Stephan - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and safety of MR-guided biopsies with a newly designed cordless coil in an open low-field magnetic resonance (MR) system. Eleven patients were biopsied using a low-field system (0.2 T, Magnetom Concerto, Siemens) by using the new cordless coil (Siemens). The ...
Bianchi Paolo P - - 2005
The development of new surgical techniques and use of neoadjuvant therapy have increased the need for accurate preoperative staging of rectal cancer. We compared the ability of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) and two magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) coils to locally stage rectal carcinoma before surgery. Forty-nine patients with histologically proven rectal ...
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