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Results 201 - 250 of 955
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Sharma Rakesh - - 2010
Ex vivo magnetic resonance microimaging (MRM) image characteristics are reported in human skin samples in different age groups. Human excised skin samples were imaged using a custom coil placed inside a 500 MHz NMR imager for high-resolution microimaging. Skin MRI images were processed for characterization of different skin structures. Contiguous ...
Zhang Xiaoli - - 2010
MR microscopy is being explored as a useful imaging tool to phenotype mouse embryos due to its volume coverage with three-dimensional isotropic resolution. However, the main limitation for mouse embryo MR microscopy is the signal-to-noise ratio. Large numbers of embryos are needed for phenotypic screening, making high throughput essential. Two ...
Griffith James F JF Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Organ Imaging, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong, - - 2010
Osteochondral lesion (OCL) treatment is based on patient symptoms, lesion size, and lesion stability. MRI of talar OCL identifies the presence and the characteristics of the lesion and attempts to establish lesion stability. We report our experience that the depiction of OCL can be improved by using a small field-of-view ...
Adriany Gregor G Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2010
Transmit and receive RF coil arrays have proven to be particularly beneficial for ultra-high-field MR. Transmit coil arrays enable such techniques as B(1) (+) shimming to substantially improve transmit B(1) homogeneity compared to conventional volume coil designs, and receive coil arrays offer enhanced parallel imaging performance and SNR. Concentric coil ...
Dudding Nick - - 2011
Rapid prescreening (RPS) is a powerful tool to measure and improve performance in the cytology laboratory. Long-term use of RPS has been shown to result in improved sensitivity and precision in routine screening. The effect of long-term RPS on RPS itself is not known. We compared the sensitivity of 100% ...
Chang Gregory G Department of Radiology, Center for Biomedical Imaging, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, 10016, USA. - - 2010
Ultra-high field (UHF; >or=7 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with its greater signal-to-noise ratio, offers the potential for increased spatial resolution, faster scanning, and, above all, improved biochemical and physiological imaging of skeletal muscle. The increased spectral resolution and greater sensitivity to low-gamma nuclei available at UHF should allow techniques ...
Wong Alexander - - 2011
An important postprocessing step for MR data is noise reduction. Noise in MR data is difficult to suppress due to its signal-dependence. To address this issue, a novel stochastic approach to noise reduction for MR data is presented. The estimation of the noise-free signal is formulated as a general Bayesian ...
Mathieu Jean-Baptiste - - 2010
Upgraded gradient coils can effectively enhance the MRI steering of magnetic microparticles in a branching channel. Applications of this method include MRI targeting of magnetic embolization agents for oncologic therapy. A magnetic suspension of Fe(3)O(4) magnetic particles was injected inside a y-shaped microfluidic channel. Magnetic gradients of 0, 50, 100, ...
Ha Seunghoon - - 2010
Magnetic resonance (MR)-based multimodality imaging systems, such as single-photon emission tomography (SPECT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or positron emission tomography (PET)/MRI, face many difficulties because of problems with the compatibility of the nuclear detector system with the MR system. However, several studies have reported on the design considerations of MR-compatible nuclear ...
Legl S - - 2010
We report the development of a vibrating coil magnetometer (VCM) as combined with a top-loading dilution refrigerator for measurements of the magnetization down to millikelvin temperatures. The VCM offers unique measurement conditions, notably efficient cooling of the sample, data collection in uniform magnetic fields, the possibility to study strong magnetic ...
Szewczyk PaweĊ‚ - - 2010
Pathological examinations and the increasingly popular diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) show that in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the pathology involves not only the cortical and hippocampal structures, but also the white matter of the brain. DTI is a well recognized technique for evaluation of the integrity of white matter fibers. The ...
Lew Calvin C Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305, USA. - - 2010
To compare generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA), modified sensitivity encoding (mSENSE), and SENSE in phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) applications. Aliasing of the torso can occur in PC-MRI applications. If the data are further undersampled for parallel imaging, SENSE can be problematic in correctly unaliasing signals due to coil ...
Ramirez Marc S - - 2010
Compared to traditional single-animal imaging methods, multiple-mouse MRI has been shown to dramatically improve imaging throughput and reduce the potentially prohibitive cost for instrument access. To date, up to a single radiofrequency coil has been dedicated to each animal being simultaneously scanned, thus limiting the sensitivity, flexibility, and ultimate throughput. ...
Qian Di D Division of MR Research, Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, - - 2010
The "loopless antenna" is an interventional MRI detector consisting of a tuned coaxial cable and an extended inner conductor or "whip". A limitation is the poor sensitivity afforded at, and immediately proximal to, its distal end, which is exacerbated by the extended whip length when the whip is uniformly insulated. ...
Ha Yong H - - 2010
We introduce a square coil system for remote magnetic navigation of a magnetic device without any physical movements of the coils. We used three square-Helmholtz coils and a square-Maxwell coil for magnetic propulsion of a small magnet along the desired path. All the square coils are mountable on a cubic ...
Gorny Krzysztof R - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess safety of clinical MRI of the head in patients with implanted model 100, 102, and 103 vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) Therapy Systems (Cyberonics, Inc., Houston, TX) in 3.0 Tesla MRI (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distributions of the radiofrequency B(1) (+)-field produced by the ...
Mager Dario - - 2010
Inkjet printing has been used to produce resonant radio frequency coils that are comparable to those produced by conventional printed circuit board (PCB) methods. The coils, which consist of a conductive loop and in-series capacitors, form part of a receiver circuit that is used for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The ...
Webb Andrew G - - 2010
Using a small resonant loop to produce a longitudinal traveling wave on a human 7-T system allows MR to be performed over the entire volume of the human leg. We have used this capability to perform localized proton MR spectroscopy of the lipid composition of muscle in volunteers with a ...
Burke B - - 2010
The integration of medical linear accelerators (linac) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems is advancing the current state of image-guided radiotherapy. The MRI in these integrated units will provide real-time, accurate tumor locations for radiotherapy treatment, thus decreasing geometric margins around tumors and reducing normal tissue damage. In the real-time ...
Jeong Sang Young - - 2010
Biocompatible poly-[N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-d,l-aspartamide]-methoxypoly(ethyleneglycol)-hexadecylamine (PHEA-mPEG-C(16)) conjugated with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecan-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid-gadolinium (DOTA-Gd) via ethylenediamine (ED) was synthesized as a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. Amphiphilic PHEA-mPEG-C(16)-ED-DOTA-Gd forms micelle in aqueous solution. All the synthesized materials were characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR). Micelle size and shape were examined by dynamic light ...
Martini N - - 2010
The acquisition of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) signals by multiple receiver coils can improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) or alternatively can reduce the scan time maintaining a reliable SNR. However, using phased array coils in MRS studies requires efficient data processing and data combination techniques in order to exploit the ...
Gongidi Preetam - - 2010
Gout is a systemic, metabolic disease that typically affects the peripheral joints. We describe an unusual presentation of gout affecting the facet joints and costovertebral joints in the thoracic and lumbar spine. A 54-year old man presents to the emergency department with increasing swelling and pain at the left elbow ...
Lee Ray F RF Princeton University, NJ 08540, USA. - - 2010
One of the major functions of the human brain is to mediate interactions with other people. Until recently, studying brain social interactions has not been possible due to the lack of measurable methods to observe two interacting minds simultaneously. We have developed a novel dual-head MRI coil that can scan ...
Constantinides C C Laboratory of Physiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus. - - 2010
The idea of a novel MR surface coil based on multi-turn spiral geometry is presented for use in mouse cardiac MRI. The benefits from flat, cylindrical arrangement of the coil are compared using computer simulations and MRI experiments in various cases of free space, phantom and animal loading conditions. Results ...
Schuck A A Electrical Eng. Dept. (DELET), Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil. - - 2010
A new class of wavelet functions called data-based autocorrelation wavelets is developed for analyzing Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic (MRS) signals by means of the continuous wavelet transform (CWT), instead of the traditional wavelet like Morlet wavelet. These new wavelets are derived from the normalized autocorrelation function from metabolite data and then ...
Solis S E SE Laboratorio de Imagen y Resonancia Magnética, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa, Mexico, DF, 09340 Mexico. - - 2010
The effect of the shielding in a PET-MRI system was numerically estimated by calculating the RF magnetic field, B1, produced by a coil array of 4 independent elements at the resonant frequency of 171 MHz (4T for protons). The array coil is located inside a μPET camera to simultaneously acquire ...
Asfour Aktham A INSERM, U836, GIN, Team 5, Grenoble, F-38000, France. - - 2010
We present in this paper a dedicated home-built RF probe-head for the MRI of rat brain at 2.35 T. This probe consists of an association of three coils: a double-tuned birdcage coil, which could be used for both transmitting and receiving, and a single-tuned surface coil that is used for ...
He Bo B Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, - - 2010
The recent development of 1D barcode arrays has proved their capabilities to be applicable to highly multiplexed bioassays. This article introduces two magnetic decoding protocols for suspension arrays of shape-coded silica nanotubes to process multiplexed assays rapidly and easily, which will benefit the minimization and automation of the arrays. In ...
Kickler Nils N Laboratory for Functional and Metabolic Imaging, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. - - 2010
Eddy currents induced by switching of magnetic field gradients can lead to distortions in short echo-time spectroscopy or diffusion weighted imaging. In small bore magnets, such as human head-only systems, minimization of eddy current effects is more demanding because of the proximity of the gradient coil to conducting structures. In ...
Takahara Taro - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To introduce and assess a new way of performing whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a non-integrated surface coil approach as available on most clinical MRI systems worldwide. METHODS: Ten consecutive asymptomatic subjects prospectively underwent whole-body MRI for health screening. Whole-body MRI included T1-, T2- and diffusion-weighted sequences, and ...
Gilbert Guillaume - - 2009
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the ability of an intravascular magnetic resonance (MR) loopless antenna to reduce the radiofrequency shielding of a vascular stent during signal reception as a way to improve the visualization of the in-stent lumen. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Using a balanced steady-state free-precession (bSSFP) sequence and a ...
Rengle Adrian - - 2009
In the field of small animal studies, the array coil imaging has become increasingly important. In this paper, a dedicated two-channel array coil operating at 300 MHz (7 T) for high-resolution MRI (HR-MRI) of the rat knee cartilage is presented. The average gain in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) compared to a ...
Hayes Cecil E - - 2009
The author gives a personal account of the development of the birdcage resonator while he worked at GE Medical Systems. The emphasis is on promoting an intuitive understanding of the underlying principles of RF coil design by recounting the assumptions, misconceptions, and reasoning involved in addressing the challenging problems in ...
Neuberger Thomas - - 2009
Given the several orders of magnitude fewer spins per voxel for MR microscopy than for conventional MRI, efficient coil design is important to obtain sufficient signal-to-noise within reasonable data acquisition times. As MR microscopy is typically performed using very high magnetic fields, coil design must also incorporate the effects of ...
Uecker Martin - - 2009
Each k-space segment in multishot diffusion-weighted MRI is affected by a different spatially varying phase which is caused by unavoidable motions and amplified by the diffusion-encoding gradients. A proper image reconstruction therefore requires phase maps for each segment. Such maps are commonly derived from two-dimensional navigators at relatively low resolution ...
Sim Jae Hoon - - 2009
The inability to identify 3-D force and moment components for actuators and sensors is a major limiting factor in the study of 3-D force interactions with small-scale biological structures. While recent advances have been made in the measurement of stimulating forces using load cells and atomic-force microscopy in experimental preparations ...
Wu Bing B Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, - - 2010
The high-frequency transceiver array based on the microstrip transmission line design is a promising technique for ultrahigh field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal excitation and reception. However, with the increase of radio-frequency (RF) channels, the size of the ground plane in each microstrip coil element is usually not sufficient to ...
Matsuoka Yuichiro - - 2010
The laparoscope has been invaluable in minimally invasive surgery, but provides only a surface view of target tissue; therefore it is lacking internal tissue information. In combination with the laparoscope for visualizing the cross-sectional view of the tissue, MRI is superior to ultrasonography or X-ray CT, because of its high ...
Baltes Christof - - 2009
The increasing number of mouse models of human disease used in biomedical research applications has led to an enhanced interest in non-invasive imaging of mice, e.g. using MRI for phenotyping. However, MRI of small rodents puts high demands on the sensitivity of data acquisition. This requirement can be addressed by ...
Burmeister Hartmut Peter - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study examines the identifiability of the intratemporal motor facial nerve using 3-T and 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Twenty subjects underwent T1- and T2-weighted MRI of the temporal bone. Acquisition was performed using a head coil at 3 and 1.5 T as well as a surface coil ...
Fan Bo-Guang - - 2009
Since the autoimmune pancreatitis was introduced in 1995, it has been recognized as a form of chronic pancreatitis, which is always associated with autoimmune manifestations. As the improvement of technical and instrumental made in ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, the diagnoses of autoimmune pancreatitis is no longer such ...
Hanvey S - - 2009
This study investigated the compatibility of a head and neck immobilization device with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The immobilization device is used to position a patient in the same way as when receiving a computed tomography (CT) scan for radiotherapy planning and radiation treatment. The advantage of using immobilization in ...
Detorakis Efstathios T - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate position and function of antiglaucomatous Ahmed and Molteno shunts using magnetic resonance imaging with head and surface coils. METHODS: Eight patients (5 males) with shunt implants were included, 4 with Ahmed (FP-7) and 4 with Molteno (s1, single plated). All patients were operated at least 6 months ...
Konoto M - - 2009
A surface decontamination system for application in surface sensitive magnetic imaging tools, such as a spin-polarized scanning electron microscope, is described. Adsorbed contaminant is chemically decomposed with the use of active oxygen in a compact vacuum chamber mounted in a microscope. The present method is especially suitable for fragile magnetic ...
Assemlal Haz-Edine - - 2009
We present a method for the estimation of various features of the tissue micro-architecture using the diffusion magnetic resonance imaging. The considered features are designed from the displacement probability density function (PDF). The estimation is based on two steps: first the approximation of the signal by a series expansion made ...
Blasiak Barbara - - 2009
Applications of low-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems (<0.3 T) are limited due to the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) being lower than that provided by systems based on superconductive magnets (> or = 1.5 T). Therefore, the design of radiofrequency (RF) coils for low-field MRI requires careful consideration as significant gains ...
Demyanenko Andrey V - - 2009
We present an optimized uniplanar magnetic resonance gradient design specifically tailored for MR imaging applications in developmental biology and histology. Uniplanar gradient designs sacrifice gradient uniformity for high gradient efficiency and slew rate, and are attractive for surface imaging applications where open access from one side of the sample is ...
Verduijn Gerda M - - 2009
PURPOSE: To optimize the use of MRI for delineation of gross tumor volume for radiotherapy treatment planning purposes in hypopharyngeal and laryngeal tumors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Magnetic resonance images (T1 weighted and T2 weighted) of a healthy volunteer were acquired using a 1.5 T and 3.0 T MR scanner. Various ...
Adachi Satoru - - 2009
A compact magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system for a cold (-5 degrees C) room has been developed to acquire MR images below the freezing point of water. The MRI system consists of a 1.0 T permanent magnet, a higher-order shim coil set, and a gradient coil probe, installed in the ...
Folkesson Jenny - - 2009
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-based quantitative trabecular bone structure analysis has gained increasing interest in osteoporotic fracture risk assessment and treatment evaluation related to osteoporosis. In vivo MR images of anatomic regions such as the proximal femur and distal tibia are generally acquired with a surface coil in order to obtain ...
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