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Results 151 - 200 of 939
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Dudhia Raahib - - 2011
The objective of this study was to examine distortion on panoramic radiographs by assessing the accuracy of angular measurements in the mandibular third molar region on panoramic radiographs using computed tomography (CT). Images from patients referred to a radiology practice for low-dose CT scans of their lower third molars were ...
De Wever Walter - - 2011
The crazy-paving pattern is a linear pattern superimposed on a background of ground-glass opacity, resembling irregularly shaped paving stones. The crazy-paving pattern is initially described as the pathognomonic sign of alveolar proteinosis. Nowadays this pattern is a common finding on high-resolution CT imaging, and can be seen in a number ...
Al Moudi M - - 2011
The purpose of the study was to investigate the diagnostic value of SPECT, PET and PET/CT in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, based on a systematic review. A search of PubMed/Medline and Sciencedirect databases in the English-language literature published over the last 24 years was performed. Only studies with ...
Yang Ye - - 2011
A massively parallel magnetic tweezer system has been constructed that utilizes the self-repulsion of colloidal beads from a planar interface via a magnetic dipole image force. Self-repulsion enables the application of a uniform magnetic force to thousands of beads simultaneously, which permits the measurement of unbinding histograms at the lowest ...
Yu Xu - - 2011
As is well known, controlling the local magnetic field distribution on the micrometer scale in a microfluidic chip is significant and has many applications in bioanalysis based on magnetic beads. However, it is a challenge to tailor the magnetic field introduced by external permanent magnets or electromagnets on the micrometer ...
Scott J F - - 2011
We review work on multiferroic magnetic fluorides with an aim to correct the popular opinion that magnetic ferroelectrics are rare in nature. After a qualitative summary describing the main families of magnetic fluorides that are piezoelectric and probably ferroelectric, we discuss in detail the most popular recent groups, namely the ...
Bracher Anna-Katinka - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential of ultra short echo time imaging for the assessment of caries lesions and early demineralization. 12 patients with suspected caries lesions underwent a dental magnetic resonance imaging investigation comprising ultra short echo time imaging (echo time = 50 μs) and ...
Nayar Suprabha - - 2011
The present study describes the efficacy of the glycine-poly(vinyl)alcohol ferrofluid as a contrast enhancer for Magnetic resonance imaging. Interaction between inorganic minerals and biomolecules are extremely unique and interesting. The results demonstrate that ferro fluids can be a good contrast enhancer for Magnetic Resonance Imaging as seen in the very ...
Wang Han - - 2011
We report a new use of acetylated dendrimer-entrapped gold nanoparticles (Au DENPs) for in vitro and in vivo computed tomography (CT) imaging of cancer cells. In this study, Au DENPs prepared using amine-terminated generation 5 poly(amidoamine) dendrimers were subjected to an acetylation reaction to neutralize the positive surface potential. The ...
Xuan Shouhu - - 2011
This article reports the fabrication of mesoporous Fe(3)O(4) nano/microspheres with a high surface area value (163 m(2)/g, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller) and demonstrates their use for drug loading, release, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These monodispersed, mesoporous Fe(3)O(4) nano/microspheres with controllable average sizes ranging from 50 to 200 nm were synthesized using a ...
Sani F - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of surface-coil 3T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the preoperative study of patients with rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with histologically proven rectal cancer underwent surface-coil 3T MR imaging with sagittal, paracoronal and para-axial T2-weighted turbo spin echo (TSE) ...
Sanson Charles - - 2011
Hydrophobically modified maghemite (γ-Fe(2)O(3)) nanoparticles were encapsulated within the membrane of poly(trimethylene carbonate)-b-poly(l-glutamic acid) (PTMC-b-PGA) block copolymer vesicles using a nanoprecipitation process. This formation method gives simple access to highly magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) (loaded up to 70 wt %) together with good control over the vesicles size (100-400 nm). The ...
Martin X Pablos - - 2011
We present a short and comprehensive report of our 39-month experience using a 3.0T intra-operative magnetic resonance imaging (ioMRI) neurosurgical-MR twin room, including a description of the problems encountered and the associated time-delays. Forty-seven problems were experienced during the 189 ioMRI procedures (two ioMRI were performed in five of the ...
Abdoune Hocine - - 2011
Background: the Core Subset of SNOMED CT is part of the UMLS-Core Project dedicated to study problem list vocabularies. SNOMED CT is not yet translated into French. Objective: to propose an automated method to assist the translation of the CORE Subset of SNOMED CT into French. Material: the 2009 AA ...
Huggons Nick A - - 2011
We compared the information gained from computed tomography (CT) vs. radiography in horses with nonneoplastic disease of the mandible. We hypothesized that CT would provide additional diagnostic information. Medical records, radiographs, and CT images of horses with nonneoplastic mandibular disease evaluated between 1994 and 2008 were reviewed. Nineteen horses were ...
Shah Lubdha M - - 2011
Metastases to the spine can involve the bone, epidural space, leptomeninges, and spinal cord. The spine is the third most common site for metastatic disease, following the lung and the liver. Approximately 60-70% of patients with systemic cancer will have spinal metastasis. Materials/Methods. This is a review of the imaging ...
Kuo Jonathan - - 2011
Particle disease is a loss of bone that commonly occurs about five years after arthroplasty. The cause is secondary to microabrasive wear and shedding of any portion of the prosthesis, and the microscopic foreign bodies activate inflammation which can lead to pain. This report describes the imaging findings of an ...
Campbell James R - - 2011
We analyzed 598 of 63,952 terms employed in problem list entries from seven major healthcare institutions that were not mapped with UMLS to SNOMED CT when preparing the NLM UMLS-CORE problem list subset. We intended to determine whether published or post-coordinated SNOMED concepts could accurately capture the problems as stated ...
Vaish Arvind Kumar - - 2011
Rabies is known for most as a fatal infectious disease, mainly transmitted to both humans and animals through bites by rabid animals. In its classical form, rabies is well recognised, but when it presents atypically in paralytic form, it may become difficult to distinguish from Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) or myelitis, ...
Ding Jun - - 2010
In this paper, we present the preparation and characterization of organic dye-coated magnetic particles and its application as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) agent. We have coated the surface of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles by meso-tetra(4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin dihydrochloride (TSPP), a photosensitive drug used in PDT, which is capable ...
Horch R Adam - - 2010
With continuing hardware and pulse sequence advancements, modern MRI is gaining sensitivity to signals from short-T(2) (1)H species under practical experimental conditions. However, conventional MRI coils are typically not designed for this type of application, as they often contain proton-rich construction materials that may contribute confounding (1)H background signal during ...
Chen Zhijin - - 2010
A nanoparticle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent targeted to liver was developed by conjugation of gadolinium (Gd) chelate groups onto the biocompatible poly(l-lactide)-block-poly (ethylene glycol) (PLA-PEG) nanoparticles. PLA-PEG conjugated with diethylenetriaminopentaacetic acid (DTPA) was used to formulate PLA-PEG-DTPA nanoparticles by solvent diffusion method, and then Gd was loaded onto ...
Li Xia - - 2011
In permanent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems, pulsed gradient fields induce strong eddy currents in the conducting structures of the magnet body. The gradient field for image encoding is perturbed by these eddy currents leading to MR image distortions. This paper presents a comprehensive finite element (FE) analysis of the ...
Korn Matthias - - 2011
An inductively coupled coil concept is presented, which improves the compensation of physiological motion by the self-gating (SG) technique. The animal is positioned in a conventional volume coil encompassing the whole animal. A small, resonant surface coil (SG-coil) is placed on the thorax so that its sensitive region includes the ...
Korn Matthias - - 2010
An inductively coupled coil concept is presented, which improves the compensation of physiological motion by the self-gating (SG) technique. The animal is positioned in a conventional volume coil encompassing the whole animal. A small, resonant surface coil (SG-coil) is placed on the thorax so that its sensitive region includes the ...
Qiu S S - - 2010
Four sets of magnetic diagnostic coils, which are printed on machinable ceramic printed circuit boards (PCB), are designed, fabricated, installed, and tested in the Joint Texas Experimental Tokamak (J-TEXT) vacuum vessel for detecting the plasma radial and vertical displacements relative to the geometric center of the vacuum vessel in Ohmic ...
van Elderen Saskia G C - - 2010
To objectively compare quantitative parameters related to image quality attained at coronary magnetic resonance (MR) angiography of the right coronary artery (RCA) performed at 7 T and 3 T. Institutional review board approval was obtained, and volunteers provided signed informed consent. Ten healthy adult volunteers (mean age ± standard deviation, ...
Li Shizhe - - 2010
Previously, we devised a novel strategy for in vivo 13C MRS using [2-13C]glucose infusion and low-power proton decoupling, and proposed that this strategy could be used to acquire 13C MR spectra from the frontal lobe of the human brain. Here, we demonstrate, for the first time, in vivo 13C MRS ...
Chen Shu-Fang - - 2010
The magnetic and magneto-transport properties of Ni nanowire (NW) arrays, fabricated by electrodeposition in anodic-aluminum-oxide (AAO) templates, have been investigated. The AAO pores have diameters ranging from 35 to 75 nm, and the crystallinity of the Ni NW arrays could change from poly-crystalline to single-crystalline with the [111] and [110] ...
Kang Chang-Ki - - 2010
To visualize the perforating arteries originating from basilar artery (BA) by using ultra-high resolution 7T MR angiography (MRA) and optimizing MR parameters as well as radio frequency (RF) coils, which may provide important information for neurosurgery and understanding diseases of the pons, but was unable to clearly visualize with conventional ...
Trerotola Scott O - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Recanalization has been reported with the use of a type 1 Amplatzer vascular plug as the sole device to manage a pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM). We evaluated our experience with the use of at least one coil in addition to the vascular plug whenever possible in the treatment of ...
Umutlu Lale - - 2010
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of dynamic contrast-enhanced ultra-high-field breast imaging at 7 Tesla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 15 subjects, including 5 patients with histologically proven breast cancer, were examined on a 7 Tesla whole-body magnetic resonance imaging system using ...
Lee Seung Hwan - - 2010
The goal of this study was to compare the diagnostic use and safety of endorectal coil (ERC) MRI with those of phased-array coil MRI. We retrospectively included 91 consecutive patients who had undergone 1.5-T MRI with ERC or with phased-array coil MRI before radical prostatectomy at our institution. We compared ...
Lanz Titus - - 2010
Murine MRI studies are conducted on dedicated MR systems, typically equipped with ultra-high-field magnets (>or=4.7 T; bore size: approximately 12-25 cm), using a single transmit-receive coil (volume or surface coil in linear or quadrature mode) or a transmit-receive coil combination. Here, we report on the design and characterization of an ...
Sharma Rakesh - - 2010
Ex vivo magnetic resonance microimaging (MRM) image characteristics are reported in human skin samples in different age groups. Human excised skin samples were imaged using a custom coil placed inside a 500 MHz NMR imager for high-resolution microimaging. Skin MRI images were processed for characterization of different skin structures. Contiguous ...
Griffith James F - - 2010
Osteochondral lesion (OCL) treatment is based on patient symptoms, lesion size, and lesion stability. MRI of talar OCL identifies the presence and the characteristics of the lesion and attempts to establish lesion stability. We report our experience that the depiction of OCL can be improved by using a small field-of-view ...
Zhang Xiaoli - - 2010
MR microscopy is being explored as a useful imaging tool to phenotype mouse embryos due to its volume coverage with three-dimensional isotropic resolution. However, the main limitation for mouse embryo MR microscopy is the signal-to-noise ratio. Large numbers of embryos are needed for phenotypic screening, making high throughput essential. Two ...
Adriany Gregor G Center for Magnetic Resonance Research, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2010
Transmit and receive RF coil arrays have proven to be particularly beneficial for ultra-high-field MR. Transmit coil arrays enable such techniques as B(1) (+) shimming to substantially improve transmit B(1) homogeneity compared to conventional volume coil designs, and receive coil arrays offer enhanced parallel imaging performance and SNR. Concentric coil ...
Dudding Nick - - 2011
Rapid prescreening (RPS) is a powerful tool to measure and improve performance in the cytology laboratory. Long-term use of RPS has been shown to result in improved sensitivity and precision in routine screening. The effect of long-term RPS on RPS itself is not known. We compared the sensitivity of 100% ...
Chang Gregory G Department of Radiology, Center for Biomedical Imaging, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, 10016, USA. - - 2010
Ultra-high field (UHF; >or=7 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), with its greater signal-to-noise ratio, offers the potential for increased spatial resolution, faster scanning, and, above all, improved biochemical and physiological imaging of skeletal muscle. The increased spectral resolution and greater sensitivity to low-gamma nuclei available at UHF should allow techniques ...
Wong Alexander - - 2011
An important postprocessing step for MR data is noise reduction. Noise in MR data is difficult to suppress due to its signal-dependence. To address this issue, a novel stochastic approach to noise reduction for MR data is presented. The estimation of the noise-free signal is formulated as a general Bayesian ...
Mathieu Jean-Baptiste - - 2010
Upgraded gradient coils can effectively enhance the MRI steering of magnetic microparticles in a branching channel. Applications of this method include MRI targeting of magnetic embolization agents for oncologic therapy. A magnetic suspension of Fe(3)O(4) magnetic particles was injected inside a y-shaped microfluidic channel. Magnetic gradients of 0, 50, 100, ...
Ha Seunghoon - - 2010
Magnetic resonance (MR)-based multimodality imaging systems, such as single-photon emission tomography (SPECT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or positron emission tomography (PET)/MRI, face many difficulties because of problems with the compatibility of the nuclear detector system with the MR system. However, several studies have reported on the design considerations of MR-compatible nuclear ...
Legl S - - 2010
We report the development of a vibrating coil magnetometer (VCM) as combined with a top-loading dilution refrigerator for measurements of the magnetization down to millikelvin temperatures. The VCM offers unique measurement conditions, notably efficient cooling of the sample, data collection in uniform magnetic fields, the possibility to study strong magnetic ...
Lew Calvin - - 2010
To compare generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisitions (GRAPPA), modified sensitivity encoding (mSENSE), and SENSE in phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) applications. Aliasing of the torso can occur in PC-MRI applications. If the data are further undersampled for parallel imaging, SENSE can be problematic in correctly unaliasing signals due to coil ...
Szewczyk PaweĊ‚ - - 2010
Pathological examinations and the increasingly popular diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) show that in Alzheimer's disease (AD), the pathology involves not only the cortical and hippocampal structures, but also the white matter of the brain. DTI is a well recognized technique for evaluation of the integrity of white matter fibers. The ...
Ramirez Marc S - - 2010
Compared to traditional single-animal imaging methods, multiple-mouse MRI has been shown to dramatically improve imaging throughput and reduce the potentially prohibitive cost for instrument access. To date, up to a single radiofrequency coil has been dedicated to each animal being simultaneously scanned, thus limiting the sensitivity, flexibility, and ultimate throughput. ...
Qian Di - - 2010
The "loopless antenna" is an interventional MRI detector consisting of a tuned coaxial cable and an extended inner conductor or "whip". A limitation is the poor sensitivity afforded at, and immediately proximal to, its distal end, which is exacerbated by the extended whip length when the whip is uniformly insulated. ...
Ha Yong H - - 2010
We introduce a square coil system for remote magnetic navigation of a magnetic device without any physical movements of the coils. We used three square-Helmholtz coils and a square-Maxwell coil for magnetic propulsion of a small magnet along the desired path. All the square coils are mountable on a cubic ...
Gorny Krzysztof R - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess safety of clinical MRI of the head in patients with implanted model 100, 102, and 103 vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) Therapy Systems (Cyberonics, Inc., Houston, TX) in 3.0 Tesla MRI (GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distributions of the radiofrequency B(1) (+)-field produced by the ...
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