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Simha Arathi - - 2012
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography (CT) have added a new dimension in the diagnosis and management of ocular and orbital diseases. Although CT is more widely used, MRI is the modality of choice in select conditions and can be complimentary to CT in certain situations. The diagnostic yield ...
Shan Yan - - 2012
To investigate the feasibility of one-stop examination of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) , aortic distensibility (AD), and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in healthy volunteers by means of 3.0-T high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A total of 32 healthy volunteers (24-37 years old; mean age, 29 years) underwent repeated ...
Mertens Laura S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of delayed pelvic (18)F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography combined with the computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) imaging, according to a standardized protocol including, pre-hydration and forced diuresis, for the detection of primary bladder cancer. We evaluated 38 consecutive patients with primary cT1-4 bladder cancer. ...
Hayakawa Katsumi - - 2012
Large-bowel obstruction (LBO) is a relatively common abdominal emergency. Computed tomography (CT) diagnosis of LBO is often easy, but it is essential to clarify LBO etiology and to decide how to treat it. Therefore, it is important for the radiologist to become familiar with the imaging findings of LBO, including ...
Macarini L - - 2012
PURPOSE: We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance enterography (MR-E) in assessing Crohn's disease (CD) activity by differentiating acute, chronic and remission stages of disease through a quantitative MR-E assessment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with a histological diagnosis of CD were studied with MR-E. Intestinal distension was ...
Makedonov I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: White matter hyperintensities (WMH) are associated with aging and are prevalent in various brain pathologies. The purpose of the current study was to characterize WMH perfusion in age-matched elderly controls (EC) and patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: 50 ECs (23 men) and 61 ADs (33 men) underwent magnetic ...
Buck Dorothea - - 2012
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a heterogeneous disease with respect to lesion pathology, course of disease, and treatment response. Imaging modalities are needed that allow better definition of MS lesions in vivo. The aim of this study was to establish an MRI- and PET/CT-based imaging modality and to evaluate approved and ...
Seifarth Harald - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify histologic characteristics of advanced coronary atherosclerotic plaques that are related with the detection of the napkin-ring sign (NRS) in coronary CT angiography (CCTA). METHODS: CCTA was performed in 7 human donor hearts. Histological slicing and stainings were performed in 1 mm increments ...
Rae Charlotte L CL MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK. - - 2012
Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly used as a non-invasive method to investigate white matter structure in neurological and neuropsychiatric disease. However, many options are available for the acquisition sequence and analysis method. Here we used Parkinson's disease as a model neurodegenerative disorder to compare imaging protocols and analysis options. ...
Prakash Bhaskaran David - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Motor asymmetry in Parkinson's disease (PD) is evident clinically and on functional neuroimaging, but not reported in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). We aim to determine if asymmetry in fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can be detected in the substantia nigra (SN) of PD subjects. METHODS: DTI ...
Tang Zhen - - 2012
To evaluate the clinical value of low-dose cerebral CTPI in the diagnosis of senile dementia, as an attempt to develop a new imaging method to diagnose this disease and measure its severity. 95 patients of senile dementia (52 with Alzheimer's disease (AD), 43 with vascular dementia (VD)) and 30 healthy ...
Karmonik Christof - - 2012
Short-term and long-term prognosis and their determining factors of Type III/Stanford B aortic dissections (TB-AD), which separate the aorta distal at the origin of the subclavian artery into a true lumen and false lumen, have been elusive: One quarter of patients thought to be treated successfully, either by medical or ...
Ismail Zahinoor - - 2012
MEDLINE, Embase and PsycINFO were searched using the keywords "imaging", "neuroimaging", "CT", "MRI", "PET", "SPECT", "Alzheimer's", "dementia", "delusions" and "psychosis" to find studies specifically assessing or reporting on neuroimaging of delusions in Alzheimer's Dementia (AD), separate from hallucinations or psychosis in general in AD. Twenty-five studies were found meeting criteria ...
Park Ji Hoon - - 2012
With technical development of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), diagnostic accuracy of CT in the evaluation of various aortic diseases has markedly increased. However, there are pitfalls that potentially hamper the proper diagnosis of aortic diseases with MDCT. Radiologists should recognize the various pitfalls and be familiar with the remedies of ...
Grydeland Håkon - - 2012
Brain morphometry measures derived from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are important biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The objective of the present study was to test whether we could improve morphometry-based detection and prediction of disease state by use of white matter/gray matter (WM/GM) signal intensity contrast obtained from conventional MRI ...
Henry Mark S - - 2013
There is a widely recognised need to develop effective Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers to aid the development of disease-modifying treatments, to facilitate early diagnosis and to improve clinical care. This overview aims to summarise the utility of key neuroimaging and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for AD, before focusing on the ...
Sreenivasan Priya - - 2012
Canavan disease is an autosomal recessive leukodystrophy characterized by early onset developmental delay, initial hypotonia progressing to hypertonia, macrocephaly and blindness. The authors present an infant with these clinical features. MRI brain shows white matter changes with characteristic involvement of subcortical U fibres and MR spectroscopy shows the characteristic peak ...
Gharekhanloo Farideh - - 2012
Iodinated X-ray contrast media are the most commonly used contrast agents in the world with an annual application of 40-50 million. New non-ionic contrast agents are subdivided into low osmolar agents such as iopromide and iso-osmolar agents such as iodixanol. Regarding different biochemical characteristics, these agents are different in the ...
Tempero Margaret A - - 2012
The NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma discuss the workup and management of tumors of the exocrine pancreas. These NCCN Guidelines Insights provide a summary and explanation of major changes to the 2012 NCCN Guidelines for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. The panel made 3 significant updates to ...
Jacobs Heidi I L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gray matter atrophy, an important biomarker for early Alzheimer's disease, might be due to white matter changes within gray matter. METHODS: Twenty older participants with significant memory decline over a 12-year period (T12) were matched to 20 nondeclining participants. All participants were magnetic resonance imaging scanned at T12. Cortical ...
Roy A A - - 2012
Although much has been published in the radiology literature on the multitudinous conditions affecting the bony orbit, there has been relatively little on diseases confined to the globe itself. As current cross-sectional imaging techniques evolve, the globes can be visualized in ever greater detail, facilitating the recognition of even fairly ...
Terasawa Yuka - - 2012
Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) with V180I shows different clinical characteristics from classical CJD and is difficult to diagnose in the early stage. We report a CJD180 patient in whom results of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) led us to suspect CJD before symptoms started. A 68-year-old woman presented to our hospital with ...
McDade Eric M - - 2012
To evaluate the proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy ((1) H MRS) changes in carriers of a novel octapeptide repeat insertion in the prion protein gene (PRNP) and family history of frontotemporal dementia with ataxia. Four at-risk mutation carriers and 13 controls were compared using single voxel, short TE, (1) H ...
Ii Yuichiro - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cortical microinfarcts (CMIs) are detected as small foci restricted to the cerebral cortex in autopsy brains. CMIs are thought to be caused by cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) in the elderly and may be a risk for dementia. We aimed to visualize CMIs, which remain invisible on conventional ...
McMillan C T - - 2012
To evaluate the distribution of white matter (WM) disease in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and Alzheimer disease (AD) and to evaluate the relative usefulness of WM and gray matter (GM) for distinguishing these conditions in vivo. Patients were classified as having FTLD (n = 50) or AD (n = 42) ...
Verma Avantika - - 2012
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important tool for the diagnosis and management of various central nervous system infections. In the present study, we investigated the role of T2*-weighted angiography (SWAN) imaging in the diagnosis of neurocysticercosis (NCC) viz-a-viz conventional MRI. METHODS: Symptomatic (n = 46) and ...
Rustom I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The seafaring industry remains a hazardous occupation that requires sophisticated systems of risk and fitness assessment. AIMS: To study the extent of agreement between the medical referees (MRs) and the determinants of agreement between the MRs. METHODS: A total of 232 878 seafarer medical examinations were carried out by approved ...
Westman Eric - - 2012
The suggested revision of the NINCDS-ADRDA criterion for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) includes at least one abnormal biomarker among magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We aimed to investigate if the combination of baseline MRI and CSF could enhance the classification of ...
Geninatti Crich Simonetta - - 2012
Mn-Apo is a highly sensitive MRI contrast agent consisting of ca. 1000 manganese atoms entrapped in the inner cavity of apoferritin. Part of the metallic payload is in the form of Mn(2+) ions that endow the nano-sized system with a very high relaxivity that can be exploited to detect hepatocellular ...
Paquette Christina M - - 2012
Vocal cord paralysis (VCP) may be caused by a variety of mediastinal disease entities, including various neoplastic, inflammatory, and vascular conditions, and may be the presenting symptom of an otherwise clinically occult disease. Familiarity with the spectrum of thoracic diseases that can result in VCP and inclusion of the mediastinum ...
Filippi M - - 2012
Quantitative outcome variables in Alzheimer's disease (AD) are of interest because of their low longitudinal variability compared with that of repeated clinical and cognitive measurements. Conventional MR-based volumetry of structures within and beyond the medial temporal lobe has proven to be useful in the diagnostic work up of early AD ...
Brundel Manon - - 2012
The prevalence of microbleeds on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is lower than that of its presumed pathological correlate, cerebral amyloid angiopathy. We examined 18 patients with early AD or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 18 non-demented controls with ultra-high field strength 7Tesla MRI, to ...
Fodero-Tavoletti Michelle T - - 2012
PURPOSE: Amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques are a major pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The noninvasive detection of Aβ plaques may increase the accuracy of clinical diagnosis as well as monitor therapeutic interventions. While [(11)C]-PiB is the most widely used Aβ positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer, due to the short half-life ...
Toussaint Paule-Joanne - - 2012
Imaging cerebral glucose metabolism with positron emission tomography (PET) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) has allowed for improved characterisation of this pathology. Such patterns are typically analysed using either univariate or multivariate statistical techniques. In this work we combined voxel-based group analysis and independent component analysis to extract differential characteristic patterns ...
Petrou Myria - - 2012
Disturbances of cognition are frequent in Parkinson's disease (PD). Unlike severe loss of dopamine early in PD, extensive cholinergic losses have been consistently reported in PD with dementia. Cholinergic imaging suggests that basal forebrain cholinergic system degeneration appears early in PD and worsens with dementia development. Cortical cholinergic denervation is ...
Johnson Keith A KA Departments of Radiology and Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2012
Imaging has played a variety of roles in the study of Alzheimer disease (AD) over the past four decades. Initially, computed tomography (CT) and then magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used diagnostically to rule out other causes of dementia. More recently, a variety of imaging modalities including structural and functional ...
Versluis M J - - 2012
High-field magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is showing potential for imaging of neurodegenerative diseases. 7 T MR imaging is beginning to be used in a clinical research setting and the theoretical benefits of higher signal-to-noise ratio, sensitivity to iron, improved MR angiography, and increased spectral resolution in spectroscopy are being confirmed. ...
Rollin-Sillaire Adeline - - 2012
To evaluate the contribution of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to the differential diagnosis of dementia, we studied 48 consecutive patients (median age: 63) with a degenerative or vascular dementia, a 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT imaging, and a diagnostic confirmation (autopsy or genetic mutation). The SPECT scans were visually rated by ...
Tsang Jeffrey S - - 2012
We report the case of a 41-year-old man with extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), presenting with clinically detectable bone involvement only. The use of FDG-PET/CT in the diagnosis of RDD is discussed.
Warsi Mohammed A MA School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2012
To correlate temporal fractal structure of resting state blood oxygen level dependent (rsBOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS), in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy age-matched normal controls (NC). High temporal resolution (4 Hz) rsBOLD signal and single voxel (left putamen) magnetic resonance ...
Wang Pei-Ning - - 2012
Different diffusivity measurements in diffusion-tensor imaging (DTI) could be helpful for detecting the distinct mechanisms of white matter degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, few studies have explored the changes of white matter in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and AD by whole-brain voxel-wise analyses of all diffusivity indices. The ...
Griffin Nyree - - 2012
Magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) is fast becoming the first-line radiological investigation to evaluate the small bowel in patients with Crohn's disease. It can demonstrate both mural and extramural complications. The lack of ionizing radiation, together with high-contrast resolution, multiplanar capability and cine-imaging make it an attractive imaging modality in such ...
Mandal Pravat K - - 2012
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) plays an important role in the understanding crucial membrane and energy metabolism. The outcome of MRS experiments helps to derive important cellular conditions (e.g., intracellular pH, energy, membrane metabolism, etc.), which are directly related to neuronal health. We present a novel multi-voxel 31P MRS imaging experimental ...
Damoiseaux Jessica S - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Previous work indicates that resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is sensitive to functional brain changes related to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology across the clinical spectrum. Cross-sectional studies have found functional connectivity differences in the brain's default mode network in aging, mild cognitive impairment, and AD. In addition, two ...
Sureka J - - 2012
Bilateral temporal lobe hyperintensity (BTH) is a commonly encountered MRI finding in a wide spectrum of clinical conditions and often poses a diagnostic challenge to the radiologist. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate several diseases that manifest as BTH on MRI, based on a retrospective review of cranial ...
Grimmer Timo - - 2012
Impaired amyloid clearance probably contributes to increased amyloid deposition in sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD). Diminished perivascular drainage due to cerebral small-vessel disease (CSVD) has been proposed as a cause of reduced amyloid clearance. White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) are considered to reflect CSVD and can be measured using fluid-attenuated inversion recovery ...
Burton E J EJ Institute for Ageing and Health, Newcastle University, UK. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the neuropathological substrates underlying in vivo hippocampal atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in autopsy confirmed neurodegenerative dementia cases. Thirty-one neuropathologically verified cases (23 with Lewy body dementia (LBD) and eight with Alzheimer's disease (AD)) were included who had undergone an MRI ...
Seiler Gabriela S - - 2012
Single-shot turbo spin-echo sequences are heavily T2-weighted sequences that are exceptionally well suited to evaluate the subarachnoid space. In the T2-weighted fast spin-echo sequences that are used routinely in spinal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, the subarachnoid space is not well differentiated from the surrounding epidural fat, which could lead to ...
Makis William - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to illustrate a wide spectrum of malignant primary and secondary pleural and pericardial diseases imaged with (18)F-FDG PET/CT. A wide variety of malignant pleural and pericardial diseases can be detected, staged, and monitored by FDG PET/CT. Although the PET/CT findings are often nonspecific, the ...
Zaki Faizah Mohd - - 2012
Neonatal onset multisystem inflammatory disease (NOMID) is a rare autoinflammatory disorder, which manifests early in infancy. We describe a case of a 10-year-old boy who has been unwell since infancy. He presented with urticarial rash, intermittent fever and hepatosplenomegaly followed by progressive arthropathy. His joint symptoms started at two years ...
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