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Results 451 - 500 of 943
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De Zanche Nicola - - 2005
A general analytical framework is presented for the design of birdcage radiofrequency resonators on cylindrical formers having arbitrary cross-sectional shape. The primary objective of such shapes would be to improve the sensitivity of the NMR experiment to noncircular regions of the human anatomy while maintaining field homogeneity and quadrature polarization ...
Trakic Adnan - - 2005
We have recently introduced the concept of whole-body asymmetric MRI systems [1]. In this theoretical study, we investigate the PNS characteristics of whole-body asymmetric gradient systems as compared to conventional symmetric systems. Recent experimental evidence [2] supports the hypothesis of transverse gradients being the largest contributor of PNS due to ...
Rojas R - - 2005
The electromagnetic properties of a new volume resonator coil for MR neuroimaging are studied. This coil design is based on a resonator coil called PERES coil. A commercial software tool based on the finite-element method is used to compute the electric and magnetic fields for the quasi- static regime for ...
Gang Wang - - 2005
The infrastructure to deploy security standards is often lacking during modern telemedicine. As a branch of watermarking technique, the fragile watermarking provides us a good solution to the authentication for telemedicine. A fragile watermarking algorithm based on least significant bit (LSB), hash function and chaotic sequence is presented in this ...
Huang Feng - - 2005
In magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), surface coils have the advantage of higher signal to noise ratio (SNR) but suffer from image inhomogeneity due to the non-uniform sensitivity profile. To remove bright spots caused by non-uniform sensitivity profiles, a gradient weighted smoothing method is discussed in this work. A partial differential ...
Xu Guizhi - - 2005
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a new tool for the study of the human brain and for neurological therapeutics. Magnetic coil design is very important in the TMS technique. Precise spatial localization of stimulation sites is the key of efficient functional magnetic stimulations. This paper develops circular coils, figure-of-8 coils ...
Lee Ray - - 2005
Hyperpolarized 3He gas MRI has a serious potential for assessing pulmonary functions. Due to the fact that the non-equilibrium of the gas results in a steady depletion of the signal level over the course of the excitations, the signal-tonoise ratio (SNR) can be independent of the number of the data ...
Barbatti M - - 2004
Multireference configuration interaction with singles and doubles (MR-CISD) calculations have been performed for the optimization of conical intersections and stationary points on the ethylene excited-state energy surfaces using recently developed methods for the computation of analytic gradients and nonadiabatic coupling terms. Basis set dependence and the effect of various choices ...
Hoshino Masaru - - 2004
A recently published experiment for the measurement of 1JHN, 1JNC', and 2JHC' coupling constants [J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125 (2003) 11504] was modified to yield a double-TROSY experiment which selects 1 of the 16 multiplet components from a 15N-HSQC spectrum recorded of a uniformly 15N/13C-labelled protein. Subspectra containing any 1 ...
Wilson H F - - 2004
Density functional calculations are performed to identify features observed in STM experiments after phosphine (PH3) dosing of the Si(001) surface. On the basis of a comprehensive survey of possible structures, energetics, and simulated STM images, three prominent STM features are assigned to structures containing surface bound PH2, PH, and P, ...
Cronhjort Andreas - - 2004
An algorithm for segmentation of diesel spray images has been developed. Its most important feature is robustness against experimental setups that fail to guarantee images whose histograms show two distinct peaks. According to the approach presented, only the peak from the background is used, and it is assumed that the ...
Wang H - - 2004
In order to increase the throughput of high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy a multiple-coil probe, which enables the simultaneous analysis of eight different samples, was designed. The probe, consisting of eight identical solenoidal coils, was constructed for operation at 600 MHz. By using four receivers and radiofrequency switches, spectra from ...
Atkinson David D Division of Imaging Sciences, Guy's Hospital, Kings College London, London SE1 9RT, UK. - - 2004
Multiple MRI receiver coils provide extra information and can enable the reconstruction of multiple images using data from different combinations of coils. Comparison of these images shows that artifacts due to motion or flowing blood appear with different intensities due to the differing coil sensitivities. Typically, the artifact appears amplified ...
Volegov Petr - - 2004
A system that simultaneously measures magnetoencephalography (MEG) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signals from the human brain was designed and fabricated. A superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) sensor coupled to a gradiometer pickup coil was used to measure the NMR and MEG signals. 1H NMR spectra with typical Larmor frequencies ...
Nagata Tamaki - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate the image quality of MR angiography (MRA) with a peripheral vascular coil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A peripheral vascular coil, a technical coil used in MRA of the pelvis and lower extremities, has 12 individual coil elements arranged in six pairs. We evaluated the performance of a peripheral ...
Leiner Tim - - 2004
PURPOSE: To explore the imaging capabilities of a new commercially available, three-station, 129-cm long, 12-element phased array coil for contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients, referred for peripheral CE-MRA, were evaluated using the new three-station coil. For each ...
Ungersma Sharon E - - 2004
The advent of open magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners and dedicated MRI scanners tailored to specific body parts has led to an increasing number of noncylindrical MRI scanner geometries, for which noncylindrical gradients and shims are needed. These new scanner geometries are driving the need for fast, flexible shim design ...
Ohliger Michael A - - 2004
Theoretical arguments and experimental results are presented that characterize the impact of inductive coupling on the performance of parallel MRI reconstructions. A simple model of MR signal and noise reception suggests that the intrinsic amount of spatial information available from a given coil array is unchanged in the presence of ...
Nguyen Uyen D - - 2004
In this paper, we present a numerical model for evaluating tissue heating during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Our method, which included a detailed anatomical model of a human head, calculated both the electromagnetic power deposition and the associated temperature elevations during an MRI head examination. Numerical studies were conducted using ...
Lancaster Jack L - - 2004
The emergence of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as a tool for investigating the brain has been remarkable over the past decade. While many centers are now using TMS, little has been done to automate the delivery of planned TMS stimulation for research and/or clinical use. We report on an image-guided ...
Pereira Philippe L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new stereotactic method for preoperative coil-marking of musculoskeletal tumors with use of interventional magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Nine patients with a soft-tissue or bone-marrow tumor were referred to our department for preoperative marking of the extent of the lesion. In ...
Zuehlsdorff Sven - - 2004
In active catheter tracking, small RF coils are attached to the catheter for localization. For interactive catheter steering at vessel branchings, it is necessary to visualize not only a single point near the catheter tip but also the entire shape and orientation of the catheter's distal end. Therefore, a 35-mm-long ...
Du J - - 2004
A novel protocol for three-station MR angiography (MRA) of the lower extremities is described. A time-resolved undersampled projection reconstruction (PR) acquisition was used to image the calf station during a first injection, and non-time-resolved PR acquisitions were used with the bolus-chase technique to image the abdomen and thigh stations during ...
Pilleul Frank - - 2004
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Despite improvements, spatial resolution and image quality with routine surface coils are too limited when detailed information about the gastrointestinal layers is requested. The objective of our feasibility study was to evaluate the potential of a dedicated endoluminal coil to depict different layers of the colonic wall ...
Macura Katarzyna J - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate feasibility of intraurethral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for in vivo assessment of the female urethra and to determine the anatomy of the urethra and periurethral attachments as depicted using an endourethral MR coil. Twenty-three continent volunteers were studied with a 14F endourethral ...
Gomez-Hassan Diana M - - 2004
Subtle structural deformities of the cerebral cortex have been shown to be the cause of seizures in patients with refractory epilepsy. Brain imaging using high-resolution focused protocols with standard head coils may not provide sufficient image quality needed for evaluating subtle cortical abnormalities. The authors describe the use of a ...
Han Byung H - - 2004
We introduce some simulation and experiment results of the multichannel magnetic stimulator development that has been carried out as an initial attempt to realize a multichannel functional magnetic stimulator. For efficient functional magnetic stimulations, precise spatial localization of stimulation sites without any movements of the stimulation coils is very important. ...
Talmi Amos - - 2004
Hartmann-Shack wave-front sensors produce a distorted grid of spots whose deviation from perfection is linear with the wave-front gradient. Usually, the centroid of each spot is calculated to provide that deviation, but it is also possible to perform the calculation by Fourier demodulation of the spot pattern [Opt. Commun. 215, ...
Ikeda Takayuki - - 2004
PURPOSE: To compare the performance of the phased-array coil (PAC) with that of the single-loop coil (SLC) in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the breast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR imaging was performed with a 1.5T MR imager. A phantom study was performed with the right element of the two coils ...
Fukasaku K - - 2004
Summary: Detached GDC was observed by high resolutional industrial microCT, whose resolution was higher than 0.1 mm. Unexpected destruction of the coils (kinking) was detected and unraveling also clearly visualized. Much higher resolution can improve safe and effectivity of GDC procedure.
Barrera Tony - - 2004
In this paper, we show how spherical linear interpolation can be used to produce shading with a quality at least similar to Phong shading at a computational effort in the inner loop that is close to that of the Gouraud method. We show how to use the Chebyshev's recurrence relation ...
Ludwig R - - 2004
A new apparatus has been developed that integrates an animal restrainer arrangement for small animals with an actively tunable/detunable dual radio-frequency (RF) coil system for in vivo anatomical and functional magnetic resonance imaging of small animals at 4.7 T. The radio-frequency coil features an eight-element microstrip line configuration that, in ...
Graf H - - 2004
AIM OF THE STUDY: To compare high resolution MRI examinations of inner ear structures at 1.5 T and at 3 T. METHOD: Temporal bones were measured bilaterally in 3 healthy volunteers in a 1.5 T and in a 3 T MR-scanner using the respective one channel head coil (quadrature detection) ...
Steen Henning - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Surface magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for aortic plaque assessment is limited by the trade-off between penetration depth and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). For imaging the deep seated aorta, a combined surface and transesophageal MRI (TEMRI) technique was developed 1) to determine the individual contribution of TEMRI and surface coils to ...
Ying Leslie - - 2004
Parallel imaging using multiple receiver coils has emerged as an effective tool to reduce imaging time in various MRI applications. When a large number of receiver channels are used to achieve large acceleration factors, the image reconstruction problem can become very ill conditioned. This problem can be alleviated by optimizing ...
Salvado O - - 2004
We are involved in a comprehensive program to characterize atherosclerotic disease using multiple MR images having different contrast mechanisms (T1W, T2W, PDW, magnetization transfer, etc.) of human carotid and animal model arteries. We use specially designed intravascular and surface array coils that give high signal-to-noise but suffer from sensitivity inhomogeneity ...
Yung Kaung-Ti - - 2004
We propose that the meridian system as a whole is one grand transmission line, excited periodically at a frequency of f50, the frequency of the 50-round circulation (0.578 x 10(-3) Hz). This grand transmission line is analyzed as a 28-leg, uniform, low pass (LP) electromagnetic (EM) birdcage coil, consisting of ...
Ishitani Tohru - - 2004
We have taken random image noise into consideration in the contrast-to-gradient (CG) method for the evaluation of image resolution R in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). When looking at the local fine pattern in the SEM micrograph containing much random noise, viewers gradually expand the region of interest (ROI) to improve ...
Mohammad-Zadeh M - - 2004
Key challenges for design of intravascular loop probes are minimization of the cross sectional and length while increasing signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Although NPO grade captors under 1mm dimensions are now available, the impedance matching network components still constrain tunability. In this study, a new loop probe is proposed for intravascular ...
Erberich Stephan G - - 2003
Structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging of the newborn brain is a complex and challenging task. Term and preterm neonates require a controlled microenvironment and close monitoring during the MRI study to maintain respiratory and cardiovascular functions, body temperature, and fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. In addition, to minimize motion artifacts, ...
Su Chanmin - - 2003
Tip integrity is crucial to atomic force microscope image quality. Tip wear not only compromises image resolution but also introduces artifacts. However, the factors that govern wearing have not been systematically studied. The results presented here of tip wearing on a rough titanium surface were determined by monitoring changes in ...
Shen W W Weight Control Unit, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, 1090 Amsterdam Ave, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA, - - 2003
Intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) plays an important role in the study of metabolism in vivo. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) studies of IMCL are usually performed with clinical 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems and have employed the single-voxel MRS technique. The present study reports the results of our systematic evaluation of ...
Dennis Douglas - - 2003
Atomic force microscopy analysis of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) inclusions isolated from sonicated Ralstonia eutropha cells revealed that they exhibit two types of surface structure and shape; rough and ovoid, or smooth and spherical. Smooth inclusions possessed linear surface structures that were in parallel arrays with 7-nm spacing. Occasionally, cracks or fissures ...
Han B H - - 2003
The performance of the stimulation coil in a magnetic nerve stimulator can be improved by attaching a ferromagnetic structure to the coil. This reduces heat generation at the coil and increases magnetic field strength for a given unit of current. Some technical aspects of the design of a stimulation coil ...
Lo Shih-Chung B - - 2003
A neural-network-based framework has been developed to search for an optimal wavelet kernel that can be used for a specific image processing task. In this paper, a linear convolution neural network was employed to seek a wavelet that minimizes errors and maximizes compression efficiency for an image or a defined ...
Yoshioka Hiroshi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare MR images of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) using microscopy coils with those using a conventional surface coil qualitatively and quantitatively. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Proton density-weighted images and T2*-weighted images of the TFCC from ten normal volunteers were obtained with a conventional surface coil (C4 coil; 80 ...
Naughton Thomas J - - 2003
We compress phase-shift digital holograms (whole Fresnel fields) for the transmission of three-dimensional images. For real-time networking applications, the time required to compress can be as critical as the compression rate. We achieve lossy compression through quantization of both the real and imaginary streams, followed by a bit packing operation. ...
Thomas M Albert - - 2003
Localized versions of two-dimensional (2D) magnetic resonance spectroscopic (MRS) sequences, namely JPRESS and L-COSY, have been implemented on a whole-body 3T MRI/MRS scanner. Volume selection was achieved using three slice-selective radio-frequency (RF) pulses: 90 degrees-180 degrees-180 degrees in JPRESS and 90 degrees-180 degrees-90 degrees in L-COSY with a CHESS sequence ...
Kim Hee-Won - - 2003
Magnetic resonance (MR) systems operating at 3 Telsa (T) and above have demonstrated considerable potential in human studies, offering improved signal-to-noise ratio and spectral resolution. However, because of radiofrequency limitations and concerns, and the lack of large volume body coils, most studies have been limited to the head. In this ...
Van Den Steen M - - 2003
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to compare the knee coil and the surface coil for the visualisation of the patellar cartilage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 28 patients (17 women, 11 men) with an average age of 40 years (range 14-76) with knee pain MR was performed. Transverse images ...
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