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Groves Robert R Department of Radiology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 1250 E Marshall St, Richmond, VA 23219, - - 2015
Abnormal thickening or rigidity of the pericardium may compromise normal cardiac function. This condition is known as pericardial constriction, or constrictive pericarditis. Several imaging modalities are used to evaluate the pericardium, including MR, computed tomography, and echocardiography, which can all play a complementary role aiding diagnosis. This article focuses on ...
Wolford Larry M LM Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Orthodontics Texas, A&M University Health Science Center Baylor College of Dentistry, Baylor University Medical Center, 3409 Worth St. Suite 400, Dallas, TX 75246, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Condylar resorption (CR) is a common sequela of some temporomandibular joint (TMJ) abnormalities. CR can result in jaw deformities and dysfunction, malocclusion, pain, headaches, and airway obstruction. Most cases can be classified into 1 of 4 categories based on cause: (1) adolescent internal CR; (2) reactive (inflammatory) arthritis; (3) autoimmune ...
Berthet Stéphanie - - 2014
BackgroundChiari I malformations (CM I) are rare hindbrain herniations. Dysphagia and other oropharyngeal dysfunctions may be associated with CM I, but to our knowledge, no clinical presentation similar to ours has ever been reported. The purpose of this communication is to draw attention to a unique and atypical clinical presentation ...
Larvie M M From the Harvard Medical School (M.L.), Boston, Massachusetts; Divisions of Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (M.L., D.T., J.A.T.), Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; and Division of Health Sciences and Technology (D.T., J.A.T.), Harvard-Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. - - 2014
Developmental venous anomalies are the most common intracranial vascular malformation and are typically regarded as inconsequential, especially when small. While there are data regarding the prevalence of MR imaging findings associated with developmental venous anomalies, FDG-PET findings have not been well-characterized. Clinical information systems were used to retrospectively identify patients ...
Barutcuoglu Mustafa M Neurosurgery Department, Celal Bayar University School of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey, - - 2014
Split cord malformations (SCMs) are rare congenital anomalies of the vertebrae and the spinal cord. Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is a clinical condition of various origins that arises from tension on the spinal cord. Radiographic findings may include and/or associate split cord malformations and the other neural tube defects. However, ...
Chu Linda C LC 1 The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, JHOC 3254, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 601 N Caroline St, Baltimore, MD - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. With current state-of-the-art CT combining fast scanning times and high spatial resolution, anatomy beyond the coronary arteries is well visualized and may lead to discovery of abnormalities. The purpose of this article is to provide a strategy for radiologists to recognize important extracoronary cardiac CT angiography (CTA) findings. CONCLUSION. ...
Mak Serena S 1 Department of Radiology, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The annular ligament is one of the major stabilizers of the proximal radioulnar joint. However, it is one of the least studied structures in the lateral elbow because of imaging challenges and low pathologic incidence. This article will examine the anatomy of the annular ligament, its biomechanics, and its ...
Baskan Ozdil O Department of Radiology, Istanbul Medipol University School of Medicine; Istanbul, Turkey - - - 2014
Intracranial lipomas (ICLs) are rare lesions, the vast majority encountered as incidental findings on imaging studies. ICLs are generally pericallosal midline lesions and thought to be asymptomatic and can be accompanied by additional intracranial congenital malformations. We describe a 17-year old male with an unusual case of ICL on the ...
Berritto Daniela D Radiology Department, Second University of Naples, Piazza L. Miraglia 2, 80132, Naples, - - 2014
Contrast enhancement of the vertebral body marrow may be seen secondary to collateral venous blood flow via the vertebral venous plexus in the setting of superior vena cava obstruction. We report a 48-year-old woman presenting with bilateral brachiocephalic vein obstruction and multilevel thoracic spine hyperdensities as seen on venous-phase CT ...
Yazici Hasmet H Department of Ear Nose Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Balıkesir University, Balıkesir, - - 2014
To investigate whether there is an association between primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction and paranasal computed tomography (CT) findings. The study cohort consisted of paranasal CT images from 40 patients being treated for unilateral primary nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) and the reformatted coronal temporal CT images of 71 control subjects ...
Gandolfi Michele M MM *Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York; and †New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York, - - 2014
To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of obtaining a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with abnormal electronystagmography (ENG) or videonystagmography (VNG) results. Retrospective chart review. Academic specialty center. Patients presenting with vertigo between January 1, 2010, and August 30, 2013. Patients who fit the following abnormal criteria were included in the ...
Repse Stephen E SE Monash Imaging, Monash Health, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Midcarpal instability syndrome is often misdiagnosed, leading to delayed recognition, treatment and possibly poor clinical outcome. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D CT) has previously proved useful in assessment of the acromioclavicular joint and wrist motion, allowing clinicians and radiologists to gain an understanding of abnormalities in function as well as morphology, ...
Kuceyeski A F AF http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5050-8342 From the Departments of Radiology (A.F.K., M.D., A.R.) and Neurology (W.V., E.M., C.B., K.F., S.A.G.), and The Brain and Mind Research Institute (A.F.K., A.R., S.A.G.), Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York. - - 2014
Quantitative assessment of clinical and pathologic consequences of white matter abnormalities in multiple sclerosis is critical in understanding the pathways of disease. This study aimed to test whether gray matter atrophy was related to abnormalities in connecting white matter and to identify patterns of imaging biomarker abnormalities that were related ...
Fu Jun J Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325000, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of 320-detector row CT used to detect crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD) in patients with unilateral supratentorial spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH). We investigated 62 of 156 patients with unilateral supratentorial SICH using 320-detector row CT scanning. Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), ...
Vo An A Center for Neurosciences, The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, NY 11030, - - 2014
TorsinA is an important protein in brain development, and plays a role in the regulation of neurite outgrowth and synaptic function. Patients with the most common form of genetic dystonia carry a mutation (DYT1) in one copy of the Tor1a gene, a 3-bp deletion, causing removal of a single glutamic ...
Yablon Corrie M CM Department of Radiology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anterior knee pain is associated with many different causes. The clinical diagnosis may be unclear when the patient initially presents for evaluation. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a valuable modality with high diagnostic accuracy in the evaluation of extensor mechanism pathology, which commonly presents with anterior knee pain. The most ...
Forney Michael C MC Section of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Imaging Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Mail Code: A21, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cartilage injuries in the knee are common and can be a persistent source of pain or dysfunction. Many new surgical strategies have been developed to treat these lesions. It is important for the radiologist to have an understanding of these procedures and their appearance on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. This ...
Tillack Allison A AA Department of Radiology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 357115, RR210, Seattle, WA 98195-7115, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective was to determine if alteration in vaginal shape seen on nonstraining pelvic magnetic resonance (MR) scans is associated with pelvic floor weakness. Two readers classified the shape of the middle third of the vagina on resting T2-weighted axial images as normal or abnormal for 76 women with and ...
Wang Chenguang C Department of Radiology, Shanghai Changzhen Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Cryptococcosis with thoracic spine involvement is extremely rare, with most cases occurring in immunosuppressed patients. We report a case of cryptococcosis of the thoracic vertebrae confirmed by histopathology. The immunocompetence of the patient is a most interesting feature of this case. Laboratory investigations were normal, but the erythrocyte sedimentation rate ...
Belfi Lily M LM Department of Radiology, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical College, 525 East 68th Street, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) has become the standard of care for evaluation and follow-up for a wide range of abdominal and pelvic pathology. Many incidental osseous and articular abnormalities of the pelvis are detected on these studies, most of which have a benign etiology. However, most of these studies are interpreted ...
Jeong Hae Woong HW Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University, Busan, South - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) and to investigate the association between MRI findings and neuropsychiatric manifestations in SLE. Brain MRIs with a diagnosis of SLE from 2002 to 2013 from three tertiary university hospitals ...
Avula Shivaram S Department of Radiology, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK (S.A., L.A., D.G.); Department of Neurology, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK (R.K.); Department of Oncology, Alder Hey Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK (Barry Pizer); Department of Neurosurgery, Alder Hey Children's N.H.S Foundation Trust, Liverpool, UK (Benedetta Pettorini, - - 2014
Posterior fossa syndrome (PFS) is an important complication of posterior fossa surgery in children. The pathophysiology of this condition remains unclear, but there is evidence implicating surgical injury of the proximal efferent cerebellar pathway (pECP) and the cerebellar vermis to PFS. We aimed to evaluate if diffusion abnormalities involving these ...
Han Guanghui - - 2014
Lung CT imaging signs play important roles in the diagnosis of lung diseases. In this paper, we review the significance of CT imaging signs in disease diagnosis and determine the inclusion criterion of CT scans and CT imaging signs of our database. We develop the software of abnormal regions annotation ...
Haar Shlomi S Department of Brain and Cognitive - - 2014
Substantial controversy exists regarding the presence and significance of anatomical abnormalities in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The release of the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange (∼1000 participants, age 6-65 years) offers an unprecedented opportunity to conduct large-scale comparisons of anatomical MRI scans across groups and to resolve many of the ...
Del Grande Filippo F The Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 601 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA, - - 2014
To retrospectively evaluate the qualitative and quantitative 3-T MR imaging features of the elbow in non-symptomatic professional baseball pitchers presenting as major league draft picks or trades. The Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved the HIPPA-compliant study. Informed consent was waived. Twenty-one professional non-symptomatic baseball pitchers (mean age 23, range 18 ...
Sugiyama Ato A Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Saitama Medical University, Saitama Medical Center, 1981 Kamoda, Kawagoe, Saitama, 350-8550, - - 2014
Congenital absence of the pericardium is a rare malformation which is often found incidentally. We report a case of pericardial absence which was found during surgery for spontaneous pneumothorax. Image analyses suggested that the pericardial absence was bilateral and total. These findings were overlooked on CT, preoperatively. Although rare, the ...
Sun Zhonghua Z 1 Discipline of Medical Imaging, Department of Imaging and Applied Physics, Curtin University, Perth, 6102, Western Australia, Australia ; 2 Department of Medical Imaging and Nuclear Medicine, King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; 3 Department of Medical Imaging, Shandong Medical College, Jinan 276000, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) angiography represents the most important technical development in CT imaging and it has challenged invasive angiography in the diagnostic evaluation of cardiovascular abnormalities. Over the last decades, technological evolution in CT imaging has enabled CT angiography to become a first-line imaging modality in the diagnosis of cardiovascular ...
Zhou Weiyan W From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
A 39-year-old man presented with sudden decreased visual acuity in his left eye. Orbital CT and MRI revealed a soft tissue lesion in his left orbital apex. FDG PET/CT showed increased FDG uptake by the left orbital lesion, abnormal focal FDG uptake in the soft tissues of the external ears, ...
Fairbank S M SM Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Children's Hospital, Victoria, - - 2014
The distal phalanx in Kirner's disease is abnormal and recognizable both clinically and radiologically. Despite previous investigation, the cause of these abnormalities is not clear. The current study seeks to evaluate the abnormal physis in Kirner's deformity using radiological investigation, intraoperative observation and histopathological assessment in three clinical cases. Similarities ...
Zivadinov Robert R Departments of Neurology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo; Buffalo Neuroimaging Analysis Center, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo. Electronic address: - - 2014
Under the auspices of the International Society for Neurovascular Disease (ISNVD), four expert panel committees were created from the ISNVD membership between 2011 and 2012 to determine and standardize noninvasive and invasive imaging protocols for detection of extracranial venous abnormalities indicative of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI). The committees created ...
Rao Maohua M From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, Affiliated Hospital, Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou, Sichuan, People's Republic of - - 2014
Choriocarcinoma is a cancer that usually occurs in the uterus during pregnancy. Extragonadal choriocarcinoma, although very rare, can occur. The diagnostic dilatation and curettage of the uterus in a 28-year-old woman who had vaginal bleeding and elevated human chorionic gonadotrophin level failed to identify any abnormality. FDG PET/CT revealed abnormal ...
Baskan Ozdil O Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Istanbul Medipol University, Turkey and Department of Radiology, Istanbul Medipol Mega University Hospital, Turkey - - 2014
Portal biliopathy (PB) is a rare disorder, characterized by biliary ductal and gallbladder wall abnormalities seen in patients with portal hypertension. It most commonly occurs due to idiopathic extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO). The abnormalities consist mainly of bile duct compression, stenoses, fibrotic strictures and dilation of both extrahepatic and ...
Mohankumar Rakesh R 1 Joint Department of Medical Imaging, University Health Network, Mount Sinai Hospital and Women's College Hospital, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review the common pitfalls in MRI of the knee and pearls on how to avoid them. CONCLUSION. MRI of the knee is highly accurate in evaluation of internal derangements of the knee. However, a variety of potential pitfalls in interpretation of abnormalities ...
Arshi B B Department of Neurology, University of Southern California , Los Angeles, CA , - - 2014
A 21-year-old male presented with two weeks of ascending numbness involving all 4 limbs, and imbalance when walking. Examination revealed diminished vibration and proprioception at the fingers, toes, and ankles, a high steppage gait and a positive Romberg sign. He had no weakness in any muscle groups. Laboratory data included ...
Xu Tingting T Tingting Xu, MD PhD, Department of Neurology, The First Teaching Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, - - 2014
A 26-year-old girl was admitted to the Neurological Department of The First Teaching Hospital of Jilin University with complaints of rapidly deteriorating speech clumsiness for 18 days. Five Days before her attack she had undergone intramuscular pituitrin therapy on account of recurrent haemoptysis. Cranial MRI revealed multiple abnormal signals in ...
Shuaib W W Division of Emergency Radiology, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 550 Peachtree Street NE, Atlanta, GA, 30308, USA, - - 2014
To examine the added diagnostic value of emergent contrast enhanced CT head (CECTH) in patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with acute non-traumatic symptoms referable to the brain, and to assess the financial implications of CECTH in the emergent setting. We queried healthcare data for head CTs ordered ...
Eminaga Salih S Neurology and Neurosurgery, Dick White Referrals, Station Farm, London Road, Six Mile Bottom, CB8 0UH, - - 2014
A ten-year-old male neutered Rhodesian ridgeback cross dog was presented for the investigation of abnormal bilateral protrusion of the third eyelid when chewing. Physical, ophthalmological, and neurological examinations were unremarkable. Thoracic radiographs, abdominal ultrasound, and magnetic resonance of the brain and orbits failed to reveal any abnormalities. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis ...
Tavanti Francesca F NESMOS, Neuroradiology Department, S.Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University; Rome, Italy - - - 2014
The identification of diffuse axonal injury (DAI) can be difficult, especially using conventional imaging (CT or MRI), which usually appears normal. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is useful in identifying white matter abnormalities in patients with DAI. We describe the case of a 17-year-old female with severe closed head injury and ...
Cunliffe Alexandra R AR Department of Radiology, The University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Ave., MC2026, Chicago, IL - - 2014
This study examines the correlation between the radiologist-defined severity of normal tissue damage following radiation therapy (RT) for lung cancer treatment and a set of mathematical descriptors of computed tomography (CT) scan texture ('texture features'). A pre-therapy CT scan and a post-therapy CT scan were retrospectively collected under IRB approval ...
Zourmand Alireza - - 2014
The phonetic properties of six Malay vowels are investigated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to visualize the vocal tract in order to obtain dynamic articulatory parameters during speech production. To resolve image blurring due to the tongue movement during the scanning process, a method based on active contour extraction is ...
Tedeschi L O LO 1 Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2471, - - 2014
Enteric methane (CH4) emissions from ruminants have compelled a wide range of research initiatives to identify environmental abatement opportunities. However, although such mitigations can theoretically be attained with feed additives and feeding strategies, the limited empirical evidence on plant extracts used as feed additives does not support extensive or long-term ...
Nakazato Yoko Y Department of Medicine and Rheumatology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University , Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo , - - 2014
Abstract A 51-year-old woman presented with one-month history of fever, productive cough, dyspnea, hoarseness and polyarthritis. Computed tomography (CT) depicted diffuse bronchotracheal stenosis, which deteriorated in exhalation. Three-dimensional CT revealed airway stenosis from the trachea to the lobar bronchi. We made a diagnosis of relapsing polychondritis (RP). Administration of high-dose ...
Mutke Matthias A MA Center for Stroke Research, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany ; Department of Neurology, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, - - 2014
In brain perfusion imaging, arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a noninvasive alternative to dynamic susceptibility contrast-magnetic resonance imaging (DSC-MRI). For clinical imaging, only product sequences can be used. We therefore analyzed the performance of a product sequence (PICORE-PASL) included in an MRI software-package compared with DSC-MRI in patients with steno-occlusion ...
Kim Song Soo SS Department of Radiology, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO ; Department of Radiology, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, Republic of - - 2014
Within the COPD Genetic Epidemiology (COPDGene(®)) study population of cigarette smokers, 9% were found to be unclassifiable by the Global Initiative for chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) criteria. This study was to identify the differences in computed tomography (CT) findings between this nonobstructed (GOLDU) group and a control group of ...
Cieszanowski Andrzej A 2nd Department of Clinical Radiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; Diagnostic Center, Medicover Hospital, Warsaw, - - 2014
To assess and compare the incidence of abnormal findings detected during non-contrast-enhanced whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) in the general population in two age groups: (1) 50 years old and younger; and (2) over 50 years old. The analysis included 666 non-contrast-enhanced WB-MRIs performed on a 1.5-T scanner between December ...
Nakamura Mio M Department of Neurology (MN, MM, MC, LS, SE) and Department of Public Health Sciences (LS), Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA; and Wayne State University, School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA (MN, - - 2014
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is widely used in clinical practice, and "abnormal brain MRI" findings often prompt assessment for multiple sclerosis (MS), even when there are no symptoms suggestive of the disease. Despite several studies involving individuals with "radiologically isolated syndrome" (RIS), little is known about what factors might predict ...
Bindoudi Antonia A Department of Radiology, Papageorgiou General Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Sprengel shoulder is a rare congenital deformity of one or both scapulae that is usually detected at birth. It occurs due to failure of the scapula to descend during intrauterine development and its cause is still unknown. Although the deformity appears randomly most of the time, familial cases have been ...
Axel Leon L Departments of Radiology and Medicine, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. - - 2014
This article is an invited editorial comment on the paper entitled "In vivo cardiovascular magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging shows evidence of abnormal myocardial laminar orientations and mobility in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy" by Ferreira et al., and published as Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2014; 16:87.
Arinuma Yoshiyuki Y Department of Rheumatology and Infectious Diseases , Kitasato University School of Medicine , Kanagawa , - - 2014
Manifestations in neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE), especially active diffuse NPSLE syndromes, are some of the most difficult complications of the disease. For the evaluation and the diagnosis of central nervous system manifestations, including NPSLE, MRI is a very useful tool to detect the various abnormalities. However, the relationship between ...
Algebally Ahmed M AM Department of Radiology, Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnostics and management of abnormal placentation in women with placenta previa and to compare the morbidity associated with that to placenta previa alone. The study includes 100 pregnant women with ...
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