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Manso-Díaz Gabriel G Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, School of Veterinary Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n, 28040-Madrid, - - 2014
The equine head is an anatomically complex area, therefore advanced tomographic imaging techniques, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are often required for diagnosis and treatment planning. The purpose of this multicenter retrospective study was to describe MRI characteristics for a large sample of horses with head ...
Scanlon Cathy C Clinical Neuroimaging Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry and Anatomy, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland; NCBES Galway Neuroscience Center, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, - - 2014
First episode psychosis (FEP) has been associated with structural brain changes, largely identified by volumetric analyses. Advances in neuroimaging processing have made it possible to measure geometric properties that may identify subtle structural changes not appreciated by a measure of volume alone. In this study we adopt complementary methods of ...
Currin Stephen S SS Department of Radiology, Dunedin Hospital, Dunedin, New - - 2014
The surface anatomy of the sciatic nerve (SN) in the gluteal region is clinically important (e.g., intramuscular injection). Anatomy texts describe the nerve in relation to the posterior superior iliac spine (PSIS), ischial tuberosity (IT), and greater trochanter (GT) but descriptions are inconsistent. The surface anatomy of the SN was ...
Wichmann J L JL From the Departments of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (J.L.W., J.K., E.-M.N., B.B., I.B., J.-E.S, C.F., J.M.K., R.W.B., T.L., T.J.V., B.S.) and Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (J.W.), University Hospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany. - - 2014
Low-tube-voltage acquisition has been shown to facilitate substantial dose savings for neck CT with similar image contrast compared with standard 120-kVp acquisition. However, its potential for the detection of neck pathologies is uncertain. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of low-tube-voltage 80-kV(peak) acquisitions for neck CT on diagnostic accuracy ...
Ginat D T DT Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, 5841S Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA, - - 2014
A wide variety of congenital nasal lesions can present to clinical attention due to airway obstruction, the presence of a mass, and/or cosmetic deformity, including pyriform aperture stenosis, choanal atresia, nasopharyngeal atresia, arrhinia, congenital germline fusion cysts, cephaloceles, neuroglial heterotopia, nasolacrimal duct mucoceles, hamartomas, supernumerary nostril, and bifid nose. Computed ...
Ozdemir Hasan H HH Neurology, Dicle University Hospital, Diyarbakir, Turkey, - - 2014
Our goal was to evaluate the clinical patterns, additional risk factors, treatment and outcome of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) related to adolescent oral contraceptive pill (OCP) usage. We evaluated 22 patients with CVT related to OCPs admitted to Firat and Dicle University Hospitals from January 2008 to January 2013. We ...
Minutoli Fabio F Department of Biomedical Sciences and of Morphologic and Functional Images, University of Messina, via Consolare Valeria, 1, 98125, Messina, Italy, - - 2014
Magnetic resonance cholangiography used before laparoscopic cholecystectomy may reduce the incidence of post-operative complications related to the high anatomic variability of the biliary system. A number of anatomic variants of the biliary tree have been reported. We present a rare case in which magnetic resonance cholangiography demonstrated a new variant ...
Chen Shang-Wen SW From the *Department of Radiation Oncology, China Medical University Hospital; and †Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung; ‡School of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei; and §Departments of Surgery and ∥Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET Center, China Medical University Hospital; ¶Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Science, China Medical University; and **Cancer Center, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to correlate the association between mutated KRAS and wild-type colorectal cancer (CRC) by using various F-FDG PET-related parameters. One hundred twenty-one CRC patients who had undergone preoperative PET/CT were included in this study. Several PET/CT-related parameters, including SUVmax and various thresholds of metabolic tumor ...
Barr Daniel C DC Department of Radiology/MRI, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2014
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fastest growing cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Cirrhosis is the most important risk factor for HCC. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is the modality of choice for working up nodules detected at screening, for staging known HCC, and for follow-up. In ...
Parmar Hemant A HA Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Over the last two decades, there has been a marked increase in the number of computed tomography (CT) studies performed in the United States, with a resultant increase in the radiation dose delivered to patients. Hence there is an urgent need to optimize CT protocols and to get familiar with ...
Choudhri A F AF From the Departments of Radiology (A.F.C., M.T.W.), Neurosurgery (A.F.C., P.K., T.S.A., F.A.B.), and Ophthalmology (A.F.C.), University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee; Le Bonheur Neuroscience Institute (A.F.C., P.K., M.T.W., F.A.B.), Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee; Semmes-Murphey Neurologic and Spine Institute (P.K., F.A.B.), Memphis, Tennessee; Division of Neurosurgery (P.K., F.A.B.), and Department of Surgery, St. Jude Children's Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee; and Department of Radiology (M.T.W.), Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC. - - 2014
High-field-strength intraoperative MR imaging has emerged as a powerful adjunct for resection of brain tumors. However, its exact role has not been firmly established. We sought to determine the impact of 3T-intraoperative MRI on the surgical management of childhood CNS tumors. We evaluated patient data from a single academic children's ...
Smith Jonathan H JH Kentucky Neuroscience Institute, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a medium and large-vessel vasculitis, which is an important cause of secondary headache in older adults. While GCA has a classic presentation occurring after the age of 50, atypical presentations (eg, fever of unknown origin, cough, low or normal erythrocyte sedimentation rate) may lead to ...
Sansone Valerio C VC Orthopaedic Department, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Calcifying tendinopathy (CT) of the shoulder is a common painful disorder, although the etiology and pathogenesis remain largely unknown. Recent theories about the role of excessive mechanical load in the genesis of CT have been proposed. Driven by the interest for these new theories, we investigated the hypothesis of a ...
Grabinski Rafal R Victoria House Medical Imaging, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The use of computed tomography of the hip in a position of discomfort (CT-POD) in combination with 2D and 3D surface rendering is a technique increasingly used to aid in the assessment and confirmation of femoral and acetabular bony abnormalities related to femoroacetabular impingement. The purpose of this article is ...
Wann Samuel S Columbia St. Mary׳s Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ancient mummies have captivated a wide variety of audiences for centuries. In order to better understand the evolution and causative features of atherosclerosis, the Horus group is applying modern scientific methods to study ancient mummies. We have used CT scanning to detect calcification in arteries as an indication of the ...
Kim Jang Sik JS Department of Urology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) has become popular in the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis (APN) and its related complications in adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between uncommon CT findings and clinical and laboratory data in patients with APN. From July 2009 to July 2012, CT findings ...
Prakash Daya D Department of Radiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Seronegative spondyloarthropathy is a group of chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases that predominantly affect the axial skeleton. Involvement of sacroiliac joint is considered a hallmark for diagnosis of seronegative spondyloarthropathy and is usually the first manifestation of this condition. It is essential for the radiologist to know the computed tomography (CT) ...
Urbach H H Dept. of Neuroradiology, Medical Center University of Freiburg, Breisacher Str. 64, 79106, Freiburg, Germany, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to relate hippocampal volume and FLAIR signal intensity to Wyler grading of hippocampal sclerosis (HS). Of 100 consecutive patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and HS as histopathological diagnosis, 32 had high-resolution 3 Tesla MRI and anatomically well-preserved hippocampi following amygdalo-hippocampectomy. Hippocampal volume on 3D ...
Chang Moon Jong - - 2014
The present study was performed to determine whether MRI findings can predict the degree of knee joint laxity in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction and whether the accuracy of the prediction is affected by the MRI acquisition time. We assessed prospectively collected data of 154 knees with ACL tears. The presence ...
Currie Geoffrey M GM Faculty of Science, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; and - - 2014
Although incidental pituitary findings on (18)F-FDG PET are uncommon, there are several reports published in the literature. It is believed that this is the first reporting of incidental pituitary disease found on O-(2-(18)F-fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) PET imaging. The case provides valuable insight into pathogenesis, diagnostic tools, and related pathology. The power ...
Karr Justin E - - 2014
A robust body of aging-related research has established benefits of both physical exercise (PE) and cognitive training (CT) on executive functions related to the activities of daily living of older adults; however, no meta-analysis has compared these treatments. Objective: The current quantitative review involved a comparison of the overall effect ...
Hart A R AR Department of Paediatric Neurology and Child Development, Ryegate Children's Centre, Sheffield Children's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Tapton Crescent Road, Sheffield S10 5DD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the associations between magnetic resonance proton spectroscopy (MRS) data and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) from the preterm brain with developmental outcome at 18 months corrected age and clinical variables. A prospective observational cohort study of 67 infants born before 35 weeks gestational age who received both magnetic resonance ...
Kartal Merve Gulbiz MG Department of Radiology, Ataturk Training and Research Hospital, 06050, Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
MRI is not only beneficial in the diagnosis of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-related diseases, but also aids in planning the management and post-surgery follow-up of the patients. With recent advances in MRI systems, there are many newly developed sequences and techniques that rapidly enable evaluation of CSF-related disorders with greater accuracy. ...
Coan Ana C AC Department of Neurology, Neuroimaging Laboratory, University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, - - 2014
We aimed to investigate patterns of electroencephalography-correlated functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) and subtle structural abnormalities in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS) or normal MRI (MTLE-NL). We evaluated EEG-fMRI acquisition of the 25 patients with diagnosis of MTLE who had interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) in the ...
Wulff Svendsen Susanne S Danish Ramazzini Centre, Department of Occupational Medicine, Herning Regional Hospital, Herning, - - 2014
Little is known about the influence of occupational mechanical shoulder exposures on the development of acromioclavicular joint degeneration. We aimed to evaluate if arm elevation >90(o), force requirements, and repetitive work are associated with acromioclavicular joint degeneration as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The study population participated in a ...
Tabatabaeifar Sorosh S Danish Ramazzini Centre, Department of Occupational Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
To evaluate relations between occupational mechanical exposures and (1) carpal tunnel syndrome verified by ENG (ENG+CTS) and (2) CTS-like symptoms with normal ENG (ENG-CTS). We plan a triple-case referent study of 1000 ENG+CTS and 1000 ENG-CTS cases identified at a university department of clinical neurophysiology. For each case, two sex, ...
Addison S S Imperial College, London, - - 2014
Post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging (PM MRI) is increasingly used as an alternative for perinatal autopsy, however the artefacts related to maceration has not been described. To compare the severity of maceration assessed by PM MRI with that estimated by histopathology in fetuses. We performed PM MRI in 75 fetuses using ...
Porteous Joan - - 2014
Real-time intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) provides a tremendous benefit to patients undergoing brain tumour surgery. This paper will discuss the Winnipeg Health Sciences Centre's experience implementing a new iMRI program in a new neurosurgery operating room suite. It will review MRI technology and discuss related safety considerations for patients ...
Goodwin Susie J SJ Radiology Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N 3JH, United - - 2014
We retrospectively reviewed the imaging findings, indications, technique and clinical impact in children who had undergone chest CT while undergoing extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Radiology and ECMO databases were searched to identify all 19 children who had undergone chest CT (20 scans in total) while on ECMO at our institution ...
Heinrichs Anna Kathrin M AK Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University Hospital, Aachen University of Technology, Aachen, - - 2014
We studied brain structure abnormalities in adolescents and young adults who had undergone the neonatal arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries and related them to the neurologic and psycho-intellectual outcomes. In a prospective longitudinal study, 60 unselected adolescents and young adults who had undergone surgery with combined ...
Coulier Bruno B Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Clinique St Luc, Rue St Luc 8, 5004, Bouge (Namur), Belgium, - - 2014
Thoracic multidetector computed tomography-MDCT-was simultaneously performed during emergency abdominal CT in a patient presenting with abdominal pain and acute cardiogenic edema related to sick sinus syndrome and mitral prolapse with regurgitation. A constellation of severe but completely reversible interstitial and mediastinal features was found comprising pleural effusions, diffuse alveolar ground ...
Freesmeyer Martin M Clinic of Nuclear Medicine, Jena University Hospital, Bachstraße 18, 07743 Jena, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two patients with aortoiliac occlusive disease underwent dynamic and late-static positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) acquisitions with 257 and 244 MBq F-18 FDG (CT scan parameters 50 mAs, 120 kV, pitch 1.25). Three-dimensional reconstructions revealed an occluded aortic stent and a high-grade aortic stenosis and demonstrated the relations of vascular ...
Anthofer Judith J Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauss Allee 11, 93053, Regensburg, Germany, - - 2014
In essential tremor (ET), the main target for deep brain stimulation (DBS) is the thalamic ventralis intermedius nucleus (Vim). This target cannot be identified on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Therefore, targeting depends on probabilistic coordinates derived from stereotactic atlases. The goal of our study was to investigate the variability ...
Le Bryan B BB From the Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, - - 2014
Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma is usually confined to the abdomen and pelvis. Extra-abdominal and extrapelvic dissemination is very uncommon mostly at advanced stages of the disease. This rare clinical event may be related to contiguous spread through connecting pathways linking the abdomen and pelvis to the thorax and proximal lower extremity. ...
Lego Denise D Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology, Magdeburg, - - 2014
Parahydrogen-induced polarization (PHIP) is a promising new tool for medical applications of MR, including MRI. The PHIP technique can be used to transfer high non-Boltzmann polarization, derived from parahydrogen, to isotopes with a low natural abundance or low gyromagnetic ratio (e.g. (13) C), thus improving the signal-to-noise ratio by several ...
Huang S L SL Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, - - 2014
Objective:To evaluate computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features in patients with diastematomyelia and to investigate clinical characteristics of this lesion.Study design:A retrospectively study.Setting:The Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University.Methods:A total of 82 diastematomyelia cases were retrospectively studied. All the patients underwent neurological examinations as ...
- - 2014
The managing board of the Breast Imaging Working Group of the German Radiological Society revised the recommendations regarding technique, methods, indications, evaluation, and documentation of MR mammography from the year 2005 1 and adapted them to the improved technical options and the latest scientific knowledge. In relation to technical imaging ...
Leipsic Jonathon J 1 Department of Radiology, St Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) computed from standard coronary CT scans (FFRCT) is a novel noninvasive method for determining the functional significance of coronary artery lesions. Compared with CT alone, FFRCT significantly improves diagnostic accuracy and discrimination for patients with and without hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses. To date, the ...
Mileto Achille A 1 Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Erwin Rd, Box 3808, Durham, NC - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to assess the accuracy of iodine-related attenuation and iodine quantification as imaging biomarkers of iodine uptake in renal lesions on a single-phase nephrographic image with dual-energy MDCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Fifty-nine patients (41 men, 18 women; age range, 28-84 years) with 80 renal ...
Buyukkaya Ramazan R Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Duzce University, Duzce, - - 2014
Intracranial lipoma is an uncommon entity. A rare type of tumor in the internal auditory canal (IAC) and the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) is lipoma. There are a few case reports in the literature related to intravestibular lipoma. Herein, we report a case of lipomas within the cerebellopontine angle and vestibule ...
Sabesan Vani J VJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Michigan State University/Kalamazoo Center of Medical Studies, 1000 Oakland Drive, Kalamazoo, MI 49008. E-mail address: - - 2014
Glenoid bone loss associated with advanced glenohumeral arthritis is frequently accompanied by subluxation of the humeral head with subsequent inferior outcomes of shoulder arthroplasty. We hypothesized that the relationship between the center of the humeral head and the perpendicular to the glenoid fossa plane differs from, and is independent of, ...
Lee Ji Young JY Department of Radiology, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Gyeongchun-ro 153, Guri-si, Gyeonggi-do, 471-701, Republic of - - 2014
To explore the CT signs which permit estimation of clinically severe portal hypertension (PH) [≥12 of hepatic vein pressure gradient (HVPG)]. One-hundred and seven consecutive patients who underwent HVPG measurement in the PH group and 52 controls were included. The diameters of main portal vein (øMPV), superior mesenteric vein (øSMV), ...
Gill Heather L HL Division of Vascular Surgery, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
The risk of endoleak and reintervention after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair necessitates lifelong surveillance, which has associated costs, radiation exposure, and risk of nephrotoxicity. The best imaging method and timing of surveillance remain controversial. We sought to determine if a negative result of first postoperative imaging by computed tomography ...
Hoffman Douglas F DF Department of Orthopedics and Radiology, Essentia Health, 400 E. Third St, Duluth, MN 55804 - - 2014
Foot pain is a common orthopedic condition that can have an impact on health-related quality of life. The evaluation of plantar hindfoot pain begins with history and physical examination. Imaging modalities, standard radiographs, sonography, MR, CT are often utilized to clarify the diagnosis. The article is a detailed description of ...
Shim Youn-Soo YS Department of Dental Hygiene, Sunmoon University, Asan, - - 2014
Advances in computed tomography (CT) technology - from traditional CT to cone beam (CB) CT - have benefited both the dentists and their young patients. We therefore wanted to determine the prevalence of CBCT use in pediatric dentistry in Korea. Our first approach was to conduct an institutional survey to ...
Rikir Estelle E Neurology Department, University Hospital of Nancy, Nancy, France; Neurology Department, University Hospital of Sart-Tilman, Liege, Belgium; Medical Faculty, Liege University, Liege, - - 2014
Delineation of the epileptogenic zone (EZ) in refractory epilepsy related to malformations of cortical development (MCDs) often requires intracranial electroencephalography (EEG) recordings, especially in cases of negative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or discordant MRI and video-EEG findings. It is therefore crucial to promote the development of noninvasive methods such as ...
Moraleda Luis L *Department of Orthopedics, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain †Department of Orthopedics, Riley Children's Hospital, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN ‡Department of Pediatric Orthopedics and Scoliosis, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, - - 2014
C sign is used to alert the physician of the possible presence of talocalcaneal coalition (TCC), so that advanced imaging can be ordered. The purpose of this study was to know the prevalence of the C sign among patients with TCC and its relationship to the presence of a TCC ...
Tien Chau Anthony Minh AM Macquarie Neurosurgery, Australian School of Advanced Medicine, Macquarie University Hospital, Sydney, Australia; School of Medicine, University of New England, Armidale, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cadaveric descriptions of the deep layer of the lumbar ligamentum flavum extending between contiguous borders of adjacent laminae and into the lateral spinal canal region are limited. To provide detailed descriptions of the lumbar ligamentum flavum. Cadaveric dissection. The deep ligamentum flava of fourteen formalin-fixed human cadaver lumbar spines (140 ...
Arend Carlos Frederico CF Radimagem Diagnóstico por Imagem, Cristóvão Colombo 1691, 90560-004 Porto Alegre-RS, Brazil. - - 2014
The acromial origin of the deltoid is a target structure of ankylosing spondylitis and related spondyloarthritis, which are often overlooked and underdiagnosed as causes of posterior shoulder pain. The objective of this article is to review the roles of sonography and magnetic resonance imaging in detecting deltoideal acromial enthesopathy and ...
Hoekstra Carlijn E L CE *Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery and †Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the - - 2014
To assess the diagnostic yield of a routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan in patients with (unilateral) chronic tinnitus, to define the frequency of incidental findings, and to assess the clinical relevance of potentially found anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) loops. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary Tinnitus Care Group at the ...
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