Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1537
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Kitsos G - - 2009
Neuropathological studies in experimental and human glaucoma have shown degenerative changes in the optic pathway. The purpose of the study was to evaluate, with conventional MRI and magnetisation transfer imaging, the brain and the optic pathway of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). 26 patients, aged 67.4+/-8.6 years, and 26 ...
Peker Selçuk - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess whether individuals without symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia exhibit vascular compression of the trigeminal nerve. This was investigated using ultra-high-field MR imaging. METHODS: One hundred subjects were imaged using a 3-T magnet and high-spatial-resolution three-dimensional (3D) MR imaging with 3D constructive interference ...
Menezes Arnold H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Developmental remnants around the foramen magnum, or proatlas segmentation abnormalities, have been recorded in postmortem studies but very rarely in a clinical setting. Because of their rarity, the pathological anatomy has been misunderstood, and treatment has been fraught with failures. The objectives of this prospective study were to understand ...
Linn Jennifer - - 2009
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to determine whether high-resolution MR imaging is suitable for identifying and differentiating among the nerve root bundles of the glossopharyngeal (cranial nerve [CN] IX), vagus (CN X), and accessory nerves (CN XI) as well as any adjacent vessels. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (50 sides) ...
Zhao Qing-Yan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The crista terminalis (CT) is known to initiate and maintain atrial arrhythmia, and is affected by autonomic tone, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study sought to study the relation between autonomic innervation in CT and atrial arrhythmia. METHODS: Thirty adult canines were used in the present ...
Liang Changhu - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the detailed anatomic features, neurovascular relationships of the cisternal segment of the posterior group of cranial nerves (PGCN: IX, X, XI, XII); to evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance (MR) in demonstrating the PGCN with disorders caused by abnormal compression related to artery or tumor. METHODS: A ...
Pawate S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report on the clinical presentations, laboratory abnormalities, treatment and outcomes in 54 patients with neurosarcoidosis (NS). BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory granulomatous disease affecting multiple organ systems. Neurosarcoidosis (CNS involvement) is seen in approximately 25% of patients with systemic sarcoidosis, although it is subclinical in most of these ...
Zhang Zhongwei - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study of patients with sciatica. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effectiveness of 3-dimensional high-spatial resolution diffusion-weighted MR neurography based on steady state free precession (3-dimensional diffusion-weighted steady-state free precession [DW-SSFP]) in the diagnosis of sciatica. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients with sciatica challenge a physician who ...
Niggemann P - - 2009
We present the case of a patient with a spondylolisthesis of L5 on S1 due to spondylolysis at the level L5/S1. The vertebral slip was fixed and no anterior instability was found. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in an upright MRI scanner, posterior instability at the level of the ...
Moon W-J - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The cisternal segments of the lower cranial nerves (CNs) adjacent to the jugular foramen (JF) are difficult to identify reliably by routine MR imaging. We performed a 3D balanced fast-field echo imaging technique (3D-bFFE) to obtain detailed anatomy of the cisternal segments of CNs IX, X, and ...
Nowack Rainer - - 2009
The problem of diagnosing vasculitic neuropathy is discussed based on case reports of two patients with Wegener's granulomatosis. One patient developed de novo 6(th) nerve palsy as an isolated relapse manifestation and the second patient a sequence of multiple cranial nerve palsies. Brain imaging with CT and MRI and the ...
Stoll Guido - - 2009
The diagnostic work up of patients with peripheral neuropathy largely depends on clinical and electrophysiological investigations. In contrast to disorders of the CNS, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not been widely used as a diagnostic tool in the PNS except for detection of nerve compressing mass lesions. Normal nerves appear ...
Gupta Preeya K - - 2009
A 70-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension presented with bilateral abduction deficits consistent with bilateral sixth nerve paresis. A diagnostic evaluation including magnetic resonance imaging and lumbar puncture was unrevealing. The bilateral sixth nerve paresis spontaneously resolved suggesting ischemic or microvascular disease as the underlying ...
Hatipoglu Hatice Gul - - 2009
A 29-year-old man developed vision loss in the right eye due to ophthalmic artery, cavernous sinus, and superior ophthalmic vein occlusion in mucormycosis. Diffusion MRI obtained within 2 days of symptom onset showed that the apparent diffusion coefficient values of the optic nerve and retina were remarkably decreased on the ...
Amemiya Shiori - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to apply contrast-enhanced 3D fast-imaging employing steady-state acquisition (3D-FIESTA) imaging to the evaluation of cranial nerves (CN) in patients with cavernous sinus tumors. METHODS: Contrast-enhanced 3D-FIESTA images were acquired from ten patients with cavernous sinus tumors with a 3-T unit. RESULTS: In all ...
De Feo Fabio - - 2009
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether artifacts caused by a stainless steel glaucoma drainage device can alter the interpretation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the optic nerve and brain. DESIGN: Consecutive case series. METHODS: Five patients (7 eyes) with Ex-PRESS devices (Optonol Ltd, Neve Ilan, Israel) positioned at the limbus ...
Lee Y S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The significance of postoperative nerve root changes (enhancement, thickening, and displacement) is still a topic of debate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between nerve root changes and residual or recurrent symptoms after lumbar surgery with contrast-enhanced MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ...
Kasai Sachio - - 2009
Conclusion: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after intratympanic gadolinium injection can reveal endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) in patients with delayed ELH (DELH). Patients with contralateral DELH may have bilateral ELH. Objective: DELH has previously been diagnosed based on clinical history, hearing and vestibular examinations. DELH is classified into three types: ipsilateral, contralateral ...
Xu Jun - - 2009
Osteochondromas, which are benign bone tumors that usually develop on long bones, tubular bones, are rarely found in the spine. If they are located in the spinal canal, they may cause nerve root or spinal cord compression, which is a rare but potentially catastrophic manifestation of osteochondromas. In this article, ...
Kulkarni M - - 2009
Leprosy is a chronic granulomatous infection, caused by mycobacterium leprae, primarily affecting the peripheral nerve trunks and cutaneous nerves. It classically presents with neural or dermal signs and symptoms. The indolent course of leprosy may manifest as erythema nodosum (appearance of tender inflamed subcutaneous nodule) and reversal reaction (inflammation in ...
Pakzad-Vaezi Kaivon - - 2009
We present a case report of a 21-month-old female patient to highlight magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings associated with papilledema in a pediatric patient with an intracranial tumor. The MR findings included optic disc elevation, dilated perioptic subarachnoid spaces, optic nerve tortuosity and restricted diffusion in the optic nerve heads, ...
Tsuda Emiko - - 2009
A 40-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of double vision combined with left ptosis. Although at 25 years of age she had already been diagnosed with limb weakness associated with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), she had never experienced double vision until her latest condition. Neurological examination revealed ...
Piskin Ahmet - - 2009
Although use of platelet gel (PG) for promoting tissue regeneration is a popular approach because of its capacity to accelerate tissue regeneration, to our knowledge, its effects on peripheral nerve have still not been elucidated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate effects of PG on sciatic nerve ...
Tatsugawa Maria - - 2009
We report the case of a patient with orbital malignant lymphoma that was not detected by imaging studies when she presented with impaired vision, which lead to her eventual loss of sight. A 71-year-old Japanese woman complained of deteriorating vision in her left eye. On examination, papilledema was detected, but ...
Arora Jyoti - - 2009
The present study describes the topography and morphometry of a unilateral ossified sacrotuberous ligament. It aims to discuss its anatomical, radiological and clinical implications. The pudendal nerve, internal pudendal artery, nerve to obturator internus and coccygeal branch of inferior gluteal artery are all-important structures near sacrotuberous ligament. An ossified sacrotuberous ...
Spilberg Gabriela - - 2009
Neurofibromatosis type 2 is an inherited autosomal dominant syndrome, characterized by multiple neoplasms of the central and peripheral nervous system associated with ocular abnormalities. The most common tumor associated with the disease is the vestibulocochlear schwannoma (VIII cranial nerve), and as many as 10% of patients with this tumor have ...
Wijesinghe Ranjith R Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, USA. - - 2009
Many researchers have attempted to detect neural currents directly using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The action currents of a peripheral nerve create their own magnetic field that can cause the phase of the spins to change. Our goal in this paper is to use the measured magnetic field of a ...
Sun Xiaoli - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of three-dimensional (3D) constructive interference in steady-state (CISS) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with multi-planar reconstruction (MPR) in displaying the relationship between the oculomotor nerve and its adjacent structures for patients with oculomotor paralysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 17 consecutive patients with oculomotor paralysis were examined with ...
Alfonso Israel - - 2008
We report 2 patients with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy, ipsilateral leg weakness, and contralateral motor cortical dysplasia. To our knowledge, this is the first description of such an association. In both cases, the diagnosis of obstetrical brachial plexus palsy was established clinically shortly after birth and later confirmed neurophysiologically. Motor ...
Ladevèze Sandrine - - 2008
We present reconstructions of petrosal anatomy based on high-resolution X-ray computed tomography scans for the fossil mammal Necrolestes and for the marsupial mole Notoryctes sp. Compared with other mammals, Necrolestes exhibits a mosaic of plesiomorphic and derived characters, but most of the evidence supports its metatherian status. We revised previous ...
Sureka J - - 2009
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become the primary imaging technique in the evaluation of brachial plexus pathology, and plays an important role in the identification, localization, and characterization of the cause. Improvements in MRI technique have helped in detecting changes in the signal intensity of nerves, subtle enhancement, and in ...
Joshi M C - - 2008
Guillain-Barré syndrome, known for its diverse, atypical and heterogeneous range of presentations, can rarely present in an apparent comatose state with absent brainstem reflexes. Two patients presented in an unresponsive state with flaccid quadriplegia, total areflexia with no response to cephalic or peripheral painful stimuli. Pupils were mid-dilated with absent ...
Song Mee Hyun - - 2008
CONCLUSIONS: Quantitative analysis of the facial nerve on the lesion side as well as the normal side, which allowed for more accurate measurement of facial nerve enhancement in patients with facial palsy, showed statistically significant correlation with the initial severity of facial nerve inflammation, although little prognostic significance was shown. ...
Boroffka Susanne A E B - - 2008
We describe the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging aspects of normal canine optic nerve, the diameter of the optic nerve as measured on MR images, and optimal MR sequences for the evaluation of the optic nerve using a 0.2T MR unit. Three millimeter contiguous slides of the normal canine orbital region ...
Zevgaridis Dimitris - - 2008
Intraspinal extradural lipomas, not associated with spinal dysraphism, are rare lesions. True adult lipomas have to be distinguished from angiolipomas and from epidural lipomatosis. The authors report a unique case of a patient with unilateral lumbar nerve root compression caused by extradural, intraforaminal, true adult lipoma. A 62-year-old woman suffered ...
Stark T A - - 2009
Limited studies of brain MR imaging findings in Usher syndrome have reported atrophy with enlarged subarachnoid spaces. However, the specific appearance of the subarachnoid spaces surrounding the cranial nerves has not yet been described. Herein we describe the skull base MR imaging findings in an adult with Usher syndrome. Multiple ...
Goru S J - - 2009
We present a case of an epidermoid cyst in contact with the inferior and lateral aspects of the left trigeminal nerve, which resulted in secondary trigeminal neuralgia of the left mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve. The symptoms were typical of trigeminal neuralgia, with no other neurological signs and symptoms. ...
Hof Jurrit J - - 2008
New developments in clinical peripheral nerve imaging with MRI over the past few years, primarily those related to nerve entrapment syndromes, are reviewed. The basic principles of peripheral nerve imaging are described briefly. Relevant current or forthcoming technical innovations are described, and then recent work describing novel findings, organized by ...
Sasagawa Yasuo - - 2008
An 8-year-old boy presented with a rare case of optic nerve apoplexy caused by an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) manifesting as severe headache and blurred vision. Computed tomography (CT) showed a hyperdense suprasellar mass. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging indicated a hematoma in the right optic nerve. MR angiography showed normal vessels. ...
Amrami Kimberly K - - 2008
MRI has become the modality of choice for imaging the peripheral nervous system. When technically optimized and customized for individual clinical problems, MRI can provide insight into the underlying causes of neoplastic, inflammatory, and other diseases affecting peripheral nerves with a high degree of accuracy and effectively distinguish benign from ...
Bianchi Stefano - - 2008
Peripheral nerves disorders are common in the rheumatologic practice and can mimic a variety of musculoskeletal diseases. Clinical evaluation remains the mainstay for diagnosing nerve disorders of the extremities. A careful history and an accurate physical examination lead in most patients to a high diagnostic suspicion. Nevertheless several imaging techniques ...
Koscielniak-Nielsen Zbigniew J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound allows visualization of in plane needle insertion toward a nerve and the perineural spread of local anesthetic (LA) solution. However, advancement and final positioning of perineural catheters is difficult to visualize. We assessed the feasibility of long axis nerve scans for controlling perineural catheter placement. METHODS: ...
Sorenson Eric J - - 2008
A peripheral nerve or spinal cord injury is a rare but significant complication of regional anesthesia. Evaluation of acute nerve injury includes a focused history and examination to localize the lesion. Confirmatory testing should include electromyography and appropriate imaging. In most cases magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is preferred to computed ...
Pollock Jeffrey M - - 2008
A 55-year-old African-American man developed progressive unilateral optic neuropathy and periocular pain. MRI showed thickening and enhancement of the mid-orbital segment of the ipsilateral optic nerve. Optic neuritis was diagnosed, and he was treated with corticosteroids without improvement. After being lost to follow-up, he returned with worsening vision in the ...
Warren Frank M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristic features of metastatic lesion to the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) and internal auditory canal (IAC). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: Patients with metastatic lesions to the CPA. INTERVENTION: Diagnostic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Clinical presentation and imaging characteristics on magnetic resonance imaging and ...
Aregawi Dawit G - - 2008
We describe a patient in remission from acute lymphoblastic leukemia who developed a painless common peroneal neuropathy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed nerve thickening and enhancement, while a positron emission tomography (PET) scan demonstrated increased fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in a large segment of the neurovascular bundle, suggesting peripheral nerve infiltration. Both ...
Prasai Amit - - 2008
Schwannoma of the facial nerve is an extremely rare condition with an incidence far lower than that of vestibular schwannoma. We discuss the case of a woman who had been diagnosed as having vestibular schwannoma and referred to our hospital. Initially, we concurred with the diagnosis, but on reassessment of ...
Barnett K C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The case histories described each presented with a visual deficit, varying from permanent total blindness with ophthalmoscopic evidence of optic atrophy to variable and transient visual disturbances, including occasional blindness, but with absence of ophthalmoscopic or any other ocular abnormality. ANIMALS STUDIED: Three horses of widely different age and ...
I Hoseok - - 2008
We report a case of a symptomatic angioleiomyoma in the left posterior mediastinum. A 66-year-old woman presented with left back and flank pain for 6 months. Chest computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a well-circumscribed 4.3 cm round mass. The mass was initially diagnosed as nerve sheath ...
Baggenstos Martin - - 2008
Hemangioblastomas are frequently associated with peritumoral edema caused by extravasation of plasma ultrafiltrate through permeable neoplastic vessels. The authors report the clinical and imaging findings in a 62-year-old man with von Hippel-Lindau disease who presented with rapid (within 24 hours) loss of color vision and nearcomplete loss of left eye ...
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