Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1557
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Nowé V - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The place of MRI in the diagnostic work-up of patients with bilateral perceptive hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo is under discussion. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of MRI in patients with otovestibular and cranial nerve complaints of unknown aetiology. METHODOLOGY: After thorough otologic examination, ...
Gonçalves Denise Utsch - - 2007
Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) consists of persistent or recurrent orofacial edema, relapsing facial palsy and fissured tongue. The complete triad of symptoms is uncommon, varying from 8 to 25%. The presentation of only one symptom is more common. The most frequent complaint is facial edema and enlargement of the lips. We ...
Pelaz Esteban Marta - - 2007
We present the case of a 25-year-old man who developed a brachial artery pseudoaneurysm and a subsequent haematoma after a penetrating injury with a window glass. A surgical excision of the pseudoaneurysm (anterior access) and a drainage of the haematoma were performed. After surgery, the patient developed a median nerve ...
Eyigor Sibel - - 2006
Viral invasion of the motoneurons and the subsequent inflammation in the anterior horn cells by the varicella zoster virus results in a weakness in the area of the cutaneous eruption. The exact mechanism of zoster paresis is uncertain. The occurrence of symptoms resembling complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is common ...
Bangsgaard Regitze - - 2006
PURPOSE: We present a 4-year-old girl with isolated visual loss related to a bilateral oedematous optic neuropathy of unknown origin, occurring after an episode of viral illness. METHODS: A cerebral MRI was performed, showing bilateral enhancement of the optic nerves and bilateral, diffuse, cerebral white matter lesions. RESULTS: The MRI ...
Tarver-Carr Michelle E - - 2006
A young woman with headaches displayed ophthalmoscopic features suggestive of papilledema. MRI showed no intracranial abnormalities but demonstrated oblique insertion of the optic nerve into the left globe and posterior nasal flattening of the left globe, features consistent with congenitally tilted optic discs. This is the second report to show ...
Wessig Carsten - - 2007
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows assessment of axonal nerve lesions, but detection of focal demyelination is still difficult. We have recently shown that the novel micellar magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent gadofluorine M (Gf) accumulates in nerve fibers undergoing Wallerian degeneration. In the present study, we report on the in ...
de Bondt Bert-Jan - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) associated with trigeminal neuralgia (TN). METHODS: From January 1998 to January 2004, 288 MRI scans of patients examined for trigeminal deficits were retrospectively evaluated. MRI was performed at 1.5 T. Scan protocols included cerebral ...
Kim Soo Ryang SR Department of Gastroenterology, Kobe Asahi Hospital, and Department of Neurology, Kobe University Hospital, 653-0801, Japan. - - 2006
We describe a rare case of HCV-related recurrent multiple hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) metastasizing to the skull base involving multiple cranial nerves in a 50-year-old woman. The patient presented with symptoms of ptosis, fixation of the right eyeball, and left abducens palsy, indicating disturbances of the right oculomotor and trochlear nerves ...
Wu H-C - - 2006
The incidence of dural carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (DCCF) presenting as isolated ocular motor nerve palsies without congestive ocular features is unknown. We reviewed the DCCF patients in our hospital during the last 10 years to elucidate the clinical and neuroradiological features of DCCF with isolated ocular motor nerve palsy. Eleven ...
D'Souza G A - - 2006
A 42-year-old man diagnosed to be HIV positive and on highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART), presented with double vision and gradual drooping of the left eyelid. He had left 3rd cranial nerve palsy and partial right lower-motor-neuron facial palsy. CT of the PNS revealed soft tissue filling the right maxillary ...
Zhang He - - 2006
Recent advances in the technology of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging (MRI) have made the diagnostic evaluations for peripheral nerve disorders shift from the clinical and physiological examination to the anatomical study. As a sensitive noninvasive tool, MR neurography could directly display high-resolution longitudinal and cross-sectional images of peripheral nerves, including ...
Nuthakki S - - 2007
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a tumor of the soft tissues arising from the vascular endothelium. It is considered an intermediate grade malignancy. A 42-year-old female patient presented with pain and tingling down her right arm and a mass at the right medial upper extremity. MRI revealed an oblong mass along the ...
Feigenbaum Frank - - 2006
The surgical anatomy of giant sacral meningeal diverticula varies greatly depending on whether they develop ventral or dorsal to the thecal sac and spinal nerve roots. The ability to distinguish between the two lesion types preoperatively is therefore advantageous. The authors present a method of distinguishing ventral from dorsal meningeal ...
Taoka Toshiaki - - 2006
PURPOSE: To preoperatively visualize the course of the facial nerve, which is displaced by vestibular schwannoma, using diffusion tensor (DT) tractography, and to evaluate the agreement with surgical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were eight patients with vestibular schwannoma who had undergone removal surgery. DT MR images were obtained ...
Kernohan M D - - 2006
A patient presented with unilateral, right-sided hearing loss and tinnitus and underwent gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A pure tone audiogram showed a right-sided sensorineural hearing loss. The MRI scan was initially negative but when repeated seven years later, following a further deterioration of symptoms, it showed a 2 mm, ...
Medina L Santiago - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Detailed evaluation of a brachial plexus birth injury is important for treatment planning. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic performance of MRI and MR myelography in infants with a brachial plexus birth injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included in the study were 31 children with perinatal brachial plexus injury who underwent ...
Samii Madjid - - 2006
OBJECT: The aim of this study was to describe the symptomatology, radiological features, and surgical treatment of patients with cavernous angiomas within the internal auditory canal (IAC). METHODS: The authors reviewed the cases of seven patients with cavernous angiomas in the IAC that had been surgically treated in the 22-year ...
Sasaka K K - - 2006
Most of the previously reported lumbosacral nerve root avulsions presented with pseudomeningoceles at the time of delayed initial imaging. We report a case of traumatic lumbosacral nerve root injury associated with an isolated femur fracture and demonstrate the evolution of pseudomeningoceles following nerve root avulsions and edema in the perineural ...
Gurgel Richard K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report a unique presentation of disseminated histoplasmosis. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital, tertiary referral center. PATIENT: Our patient presented with vertigo, tinnitus, and unilateral hearing loss, and was initially found to have a 5-mm enhancing left internal auditory canal mass, as revealed by a magnetic resonance ...
Lewis Aaron M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sciatica without evidence of lumbosacral root compression is often attributed to piriformis syndrome. However, specific diagnostic tools have not been available to demonstrate sciatic nerve entrapment by the piriformis muscle. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of magnetic resonance (MR) neurography in identifying abnormalities of the sciatic nerve in patients ...
Yoshikawa Takeharu - - 2006
Brachial plexus injury (BPI) is a severe neurologic injury that causes functional impairment of the affected upper limb. Imaging studies play an essential role in differentiating between preganglionic and postganglionic injuries, a distinction that is crucial for optimal treatment planning. Findings at standard myelography, computed tomographic (CT) myelography, and conventional ...
Chen J S - - 2006
A 44-year-old man developed bilateral blindness following severe periorbital cellulitis and pansinusitis. CT and MR imaging demonstrated bilateral cavernous sinus thrombosis. Diffusion-weighted imaging revealed reduced apparent diffusion coefficient in bilateral optic nerves, suggesting optic nerve ischemia caused by the cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis (CST). Following surgical debridement of pansinusitis, antimicrobial therapy, ...
Yoshioka Naoki - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of an original reformation method of cervical myelographic computed tomography (CT) using the Bezier surface technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Presurgical myelographic computed tomography (CT) scans using a multidetector row CT scanner were performed in 25 patients with avulsion injury ...
Chisholm E J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20 per cent of adult patients presenting to otolaryngology clinics have symptoms pertaining to the inner ear. These are investigated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) internal auditory meatus scans. This study analysed all findings from 736 sequential MRI internal auditory meatus scans performed on 731 patients over a ...
Sakina M S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) due to internal auditory canal (IAC) stenosis with hypoplasia of the cochleovestibular nerve is a rare disorder. The diagnosis of the IAC stenosis requires both high resolution computed tomography scan (HRCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: A retrospective review over 6 years in an ...
West Christian A - - 2007
Prevention of neuron death after peripheral nerve injury is vital to regaining adequate cutaneous innervation density and quality of sensation, and while experimentally proven neuroprotective therapies exist, there lacks suitable clinical outcome measures for translational research. Axotomized dorsal root ganglia (DRG) histologically exhibit volume reduction in proportion to the amount ...
Haloi Achyut K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although there are multiple case reports and small series concerning facial infiltrative lipomatosis, there is no composite radiological description of the condition. OBJECTIVE: Radiological evaluation of facial infiltrative lipomatosis using plain film, sonography, CT and MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We radiologically evaluated four patients with facial infiltrative lipomatosis. Initial ...
Urmey William F - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Conventional electrical stimulation has been done by continuous adjustment of current amplitude at a single, set pulse duration (conventionally, 0.1 ms). This study evaluated a novel technique for nerve location by utilization of a peripheral-nerve stimulator (PNS) programmed to deliver sequential electrical nerve stimuli (SENS). A repeating ...
Nardone R - - 2006
We present a previously unreported case of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy as the inaugural clinical sign of meningeal carcinomatosis (MC). Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance images (MRI) were unremarkable. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis showed malignant cells consistent with a pulmonary adenocarcinoma; the chest CT revealed a small pulmonary mass in the upper ...
Adunka Oliver F - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the internal auditory canal (IAC) and inner ear morphologic characteristics of children with cochlear nerve (CN) deficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Fourteen children with small or absent (deficient) CNs have been identified by means of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). INTERVENTIONS: ...
Tilotta-Yasukawa Françoise - - 2006
Labiomandibular paresthesia after root canal treatment is an accident that is still too frequent despite the development of new endodontic techniques. The aim of this anatomical and clinical study is to advance the understanding of how accidents occur so as to avoid them. This anatomical study made it possible to ...
Connor S E J - - 2006
The effects of motor cranial nerve dysfunction on the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances of head and neck muscles are reviewed. Patterns of denervation changes are described and illustrated for V, VII, X, XI and XII cranial nerves. Recognition of the range of imaging manifestations, including ...
Tsai Po-Yi - - 2006
To clarify the relationships between electromyography (EMG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we compared findings in 37 selected patients who presented with cervical root avulsion injuries. Nerve root repair with C4-T1 hemilaminectomy was subsequently performed on 19 patients. The agreement between the two evaluative modalities with complete or incomplete lesions ...
Ferdinand Brett D - - 2006
PURPOSE: To retrospectively assess magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of radial tunnel syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained, and informed consent was waived for the retrospective HIPAA-compliant study. MR images of 10 asymptomatic volunteers (six men, four women; mean age, 30 years) and 25 patients (11 ...
Maranhão-Filho Péricles - - 2006
This article describes a 76 year old man that, after lung cancer surgery, showed left extrinsic oculomotor paralysis and contralateral paralysis of the superior rectus muscle associated with bilateral ptosis. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a rare situation characterized by an isolated metastasis in the region of the left third cranial ...
Golomb Meredith R - - 2006
This report describes a 10-year-old female who presented with poor growth and right hemihypotrophy. She had crossed sensory findings on neurologic examination consistent with a lateral medullary syndrome with no discernible cranial nerve findings, ataxia, or vertigo. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brainstem revealed a large right parapontine epidermoid. The ...
Koul Roshan - - 2006
Three siblings (one boy and two girls) with Brown-Vialetto-van Laere syndrome are reported. A peculiar feature of onset with hearing loss in a patient with multiple cranial nerve palsies and a positive family history suggests this diagnosis. In our family, an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance was seen. In addition, ...
Eder A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate a new diagnostic approach to the examination of the canal configuration of the mesiobuccal root of the maxillary first molar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-resolution computed tomography (CT) was compared with histology in vitro. There were 152 teeth investigated and classified according ...
Marjelund S - - 2006
Tick-borne encephalitis virus is an important human pathogen in Europe. The infection usually presents as meningitis, meningoencephalitis, or meningoencephalomyelitis and only rarely as symptoms of isolated myeloradiculitis. We describe the lumbar MR imaging finding in a 48-year-old man with serologically confirmed tick-borne encephalitis in which there was enhancement of the ...
Allen Richard C - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe the outcome of a patient with visual loss and optic nerve edema that resulted from osteopetrosis who underwent an optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF). DESIGN: Interventional case report. METHODS: A 33-year-old man with osteopetrosis had bilateral visual field loss and optic nerve edema. Computed tomography and magnetic ...
Cotton Charles A - - 2006
Although cavernous hemangiomas are commonly found supratentorially, their presence in the internal auditory canal is uncommon. We describe a case that was initially mistaken for a vestibular schwannoma due to its location in the cerebellopontine angle. Although there can be overlap in their presentations, familiarity with the characteristic magnetic resonance ...
Lemke Arne-Jörn - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the characteristic appearance of untreated retinoblastoma on a large sample in comparison to the histological findings after therapeutical enucleation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective clinical trial 46 children with retinoblastoma in 63 affected untreated eyes were examined under general anesthesia ...
Warren Frank M FM - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the appearance of the inner ear on T2-weighted follow-up magnetic resonance imaging correlates with hearing status after hearing-preservation surgery for vestibular schwannoma. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary referral medical center. PATIENTS: The study includes patients undergoing hearing-preservation surgery for vestibular schwannoma from 1998 to ...
Demer Joseph L JL Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Dye Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-7002, and Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, MA, USA. - - 2006
Although the ocular motility examination has been used traditionally in the diagnosis of strabismus that is a result of cranial nerve (CN) abnormalities, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) now permits the direct imaging of lesions in CN palsies. Prospectively, nerves to extraocular muscles (EOMs) were imaged with T1 weighting in orbits ...
Kim Sungjun - - 2007
The diagnosis of nerve entrapment and compressive neuropathy has been traditionally based on the clinical and electrodiagnostic examinations. As a result of improvements in the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging modality, it plays not only a fundamental role in the detection of space-occupying lesions, but also a compensatory role in clinically ...
Kim Sungjun - - 2007
The diagnosis of nerve entrapment and compressive neuropathy has been traditionally based on the clinical and electrodiagnostic examinations. As a result of improvements in the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging modality, it plays not only a fundamental role in the detection of space-occupying lesions but also a compensatory role in clinically ...
Kerimoglu Ulku - - 2007
Hemangioma may occur at any location. Although the imaging findings of hemangioma are well known, it may be difficult to differentiate this entity from other soft-tissue tumors. Intraneural hemangiomas are extremely rare. We present a girl with a painful swelling in the fourth web space of her right hand. Since ...
Haggstrom Anita N - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Large facial infantile hemangiomas have higher rates of complications than small localized hemangiomas, more often require treatment, and can be associated with neurological, ophthalmologic, and cardiac anomalies (PHACE syndrome). The anatomic patterns of these hemangiomas are often referred to as "segmental" despite a lack of precise anatomic definitions. Our ...
Loukas Marios - - 2006
Recent reports emphasize the importance of preserving the intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) during surgical procedures (i.e., mastectomy, axillary clearance). However, a limited number of scientific reports explore the surgical anatomy of this nerve. We dissected 100 adult human formalin-fixed cadavers (200 axillae). In all the cadavers the ICBN was present with ...
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