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Espígol-Frigolé Georgina G Vasculitis Research Unit, Department of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases, Hospital Clínic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi I Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, - - 2015
The diagnosis of large-vessel vasculitis has experienced substantial improvement in recent years. While Takayasu arteritis diagnosis relies on imaging, the involvement of epicranial arteries by giant-cell arteritis facilitates histopathological confirmation. When appropriately performed temporal artery biopsy has high sensitivity and specificity. However, an optimal biopsy is not always achievable and, ...
Donoho Daniel D Department of Neurological Surgery, Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, 1200 N. State St, Suite 330, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. Electronic address: - - 2015
Central neurocytoma (CN) is an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of any intraventricular lesion. Initial evaluation should include noncontrast CT, MRI with and without gadolinium contrast, and magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy, if available. CN classically appear as a partially calcified mass on CT, arising from the septum pellucidum or ...
Cormio Luigi - - 2014
Penile paraffinoma is a well-known delayed complication of paraffin oil injection into the penis for penile girth augmentation but its MRI features have not been previously described. A 35-year-old Ukraine man presented with erectile dysfunction, voiding difficulty and an irregular, hard and painful penile mass that had progressively grown over ...
Teixeira Sara R SR Service de Radiologie, Hôpital d'Enfants Armand-Trousseau - Hôpitaux Universitaires de l'Est Parisien (APHP), Paris, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris VI, - - 2014
The association of periventricular nodular heterotopia (PVNH) with posterior fossa cyst (PFC) is documented after birth. We report this association in a series of fetuses. Eleven cases (7 females) of PVNH and PFC diagnosed at prenatal imaging were collected in this retrospective multicenter study. The patients were referred to tertiary ...
Vassiou Katerina K Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, - - 2014
Synovial plicae are normal anatomical structures of the knee that may become symptomatic. MRI is an established technique for evaluating the anatomy of the knee, and it is a valuable tool for detecting plicae because of its high resolution resulting in increased tissue characterisation. At MRI, knee plicae appear as ...
Paddock M M Academic Unit of Radiology, University of Sheffield, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, United - - 2014
Neonatal stroke is an important cause of neurodisability in childhood and in later life. Delay in diagnosis is often inevitable due to the non-specific presentation, the lack of clinical signs, and not considering stroke early enough in the differential diagnosis. We report the case of a baby who initially presented ...
Lin Steven C SC NAFLD Translational Research Unit, Division of Gastroenterology, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Liver biopsy analysis is the standard method used to diagnose nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Advanced magnetic resonance imaging is a noninvasive procedure that can accurately diagnose and quantify steatosis, but is expensive. Conventional ultrasound is more accessible but identifies steatosis with low levels of sensitivity, specificity, and quantitative accuracy, ...
Starr Vanessa V 1 Department of Radiology, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, 751 S Bascom Ave, San Jose, CA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), a well-described entity previously evaluated with a standard multimodality imaging algorithm, typically consisting of ultrasound and radiography depending on patient age. CONCLUSION. MRI is increasingly used because it is a noninvasive imaging modality that offers ...
Rezk Mohamed M Lecturer in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Obstetrics and - - 2014
Abstract Objective: to assess the effectiveness of grey-scale and colour Doppler ultrasound (US) versus magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the prenatal diagnosis of placenta accreta. Methods: A prospective observational study including a total of 74 patients with placenta previa and previous uterine scar (n = 74). Gray-scale and colour Doppler ...
Hisaba Wagner Jou WJ Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine, Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), São Paulo-SP, - - 2014
A case of prenatally diagnosed otocephaly is reported. Otocephaly is an extremely rare malformation characterized by absence or hypoplasia of the mandible and abnormal horizontal position of the ears. 2D ultrasound performed at 25 weeks of gestation revealed agnathia, proboscis and hypotelorism. 3D ultrasound (rendering mode) and magnetic resonance imaging ...
Seitz K - - 2014
An innovative, prospective, randomized multicenter study regarding the diagnosis of kidney stones with ultrasound and CT including more than 2700 patients was recently published in the highly respected New England Journal of Medicine 1. The study showed that in the case of clinical suspicion of nephrolithiasis the results of those ...
D'Orazio Federico F Radiognostics Specialisation School, University of L'Aquila; L'Aquila, Italy - - - 2014
Shunting vascular malformations of the brain and spinal cord are traditionally studied using digital subtraction angiography (DSA), the current gold standard imaging method routinely used because of its favourable combination in terms of spatial and temporal resolution. Because DSA is relatively expensive, time-consuming and carries a risk of silent embolic ...
Xu Z Z Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No.37 Guoxue Alley, Wuhou District, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, - - 2014
To determine the accuracy of MRI versus ultrasound for Morton's neuroma. A search was undertaken for clinical studies published in any language in PubMed up to the date of December 2013. Studies assessing the accuracy of the ultrasound or MRI for the diagnosis of Morton's neuroma were included. Data were ...
Kamal Ayesha A The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 601 N. Caroline Street, JHOC 3235 A, Baltimore, MD, 21231, USA, - - 2014
Purpose: Compare CT and MRI for fluid/debris component estimate and pancreatic duct (PD) communication with organized pancreatic fluid collections in acute pancreatitis. Evaluate fat density globules on CT as marker for debris. Methods: 29 Patients with 46 collections with CECT and MRI performed ≥4 weeks of symptom onset assessed for necrotizing ...
Kaltenbach T E M - - 2014
Objective of our study is qualitative and quantitative comparison of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and 18F-FDG PET-CT in monitoring hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE). Parasitic liver lesions were examined regarding number, size, morphology, vascularization and metabolic activity. Patients, methods: 36 patients with medically-treated HAE were included in this prospective clinical study. ...
Khati Nadia J NJ Department of Radiology, Body Imaging Section, The George Washington University Hospital, 900 23rd St., NW, Washington, DC, 20037, USA, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) is an effective, readily available diagnostic imaging tool for evaluation of the emergency room (ER) patients with the clinical suspicion of perianal abscess and/or infected fistulous tract (anorectal sepsis). These patients usually present with perineal pain, fever, and leukocytosis. The diagnosis can be easy if the fistulous ...
Dursun Memduh M Department of Radiology, Istanbul University, Istanbul School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the utility of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE). Sixteen patients with a preliminary diagnosis of IE (10 women and six men; age range, 4-66 years) were referred for cardiac MRI. MRI sequences were as follows: echo-planar cine true fast ...
Grasu Beatrice L BL The Curtis National Hand Center, MedStar Union Memorial Hospital, 3333 North Calvert Street, #200 JPB, Baltimore, MD 21218, - - 2015
Vascular pathology of the upper extremity requires consideration of constitutional, anatomic, and functional factors. The medical history and physical examination are essential. The Allen test can be performed alongside a handheld Doppler for arterial mapping. Useful studies include digital-brachial index measurements, digital plethysmography, laser Doppler, and color ultrasounds. Three-phase bone ...
Gang Tae-In TI Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of postoperative maxillary cyst (POMC) diagnosis by panoramic radiographs versus computed tomography (CT) and by oral and maxillofacial radiologists versus non-specialists. Sixty-five maxillary sinuses with POMCs and 63 without any lesion were assessed using panoramic radiographs and CT images by ...
Nigro Nicole N Departments of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolism, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Clinical Research, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Hyponatraemia is common and its differential diagnosis and consequent therapy management is challenging. The differential diagnosis is mainly based on the routine clinical assessment of volume status, which is often misleading. Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) is associated with extracellular and cardiac fluid volume. A total of 227 consecutive patients ...
Levy Dana T DT *Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, #Department of Radiology, ^Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New - - 2014
Infection remains a well established complication following placement of left ventricular assist devices. Defining the extent of infection is a challenging task as there are few effective imaging modalities and no standardized guidelines regarding imaging in the diagnosis of device related infections (DRIs). The use of gallium with SPECT-CT (Ga ...
Hausman Michael R MR Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
The elbow's complex anatomy and synergism of bony and ligamentous stabilizers make physical examination challenging. Adequate elbow assessment is essential for accurate diagnosis and initiating proper treatment. Isolated elbow injuries are rare; fractures should be interpreted as proxies for associated, often unappreciated, soft tissue injuries. A careful elbow examination informs ...
Jhun Byung Woo BW 0000-0002-6348-8731 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, The Armed Forces Capital Hospital, Seongnam, - - 2014
We evaluated whether sonographic findings can provide additional diagnostic yield in endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA), and can more accurately predict nodal metastasis than chest computed tomography (CT) or positron emission tomography (PET)/CT scans. EBUS-TBNA was performed in 146 prospectively recruited patients with suspected thoracic lymph node involvement on ...
Stoelinga Barbara B VU Medical Center, Department of Gynecology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The volume of a fibroid uterus before performing hysterectomy is typically estimated through bimanual examination and confirmed by ultrasonography. This study compares estimated volumes by bimanual examination and ultrasound examination with MRI and actual volumes obtained from histopathology, as gold standards. We used data from a previous prospective randomized multi-center ...
Du Jiang J Department of Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that lung recruitment maneuvers are important means of treating ARDS. Although computed tomography (CT) scans and pressure-volume curves are the most common ways to evaluate lung recruitment, there are still many disadvantages. Not only do the scans have to take place in a CT room, but ...
Clanton Thomas O TO Departments of BioMedical Engineering and Imaging Research, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, 181 W. Meadow Drive, Suite 1000, Vail, CO, 81657, - - 2014
Historically, syndesmosis injuries have been underdiagnosed. The purpose of this study was to characterize the 3.0-T MRI presentations of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and its individual structures in both asymptomatic and injured cohorts. Ten age-matched asymptomatic volunteers were imaged to characterize the asymptomatic syndesmotic anatomy. A series of 21 consecutive ...
Bazelle Julien J Willows Veterinary Centre and Referral Service, Highlands Road, Shirley, Solihull, West Midlands, B90 4NH, - - 2014
Intracranial arachnoid diverticula (cysts) are rare accumulations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the arachnoid membrane. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of fourth ventricle arachnoid diverticula in a group of dogs. The hospital's medical records were searched for dogs with MRI studies ...
Ballesteros Gómiz E E Servicio de Radiología. Fundación Parc Taulí - Instituto Universitario UAB, Sabadell, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
Radiologists must be able to recognize the imaging signs of intestinal malrotation because this condition can lead to potentially lethal complications such as midgut volvulus. The correct diagnosis depends on both high clinical suspicion and the radiologist's ability to recognize the specific signs of malrotation and the normal variants that ...
Joshi Aditya A Department of Pediatrics, Marshfield Clinic/Ministry Saint Joseph's Children Hospital, Marshfield, Wisconsin, - - 2014
We describe a premature neonate with an extensive plexiform neurofibroma. Prenatal ultrasound at 32 weeks of gestation was normal. Postnatal examination was significant for a palpable left neck mass. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head demonstrated a mass involving the left cavernous sinus with spreading to the left orbital ...
Britto Ingrid Schwach Weneck IS Texas Children's Fetal Center and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
To describe a method of quantifying the amount of liver herniation in fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia using two-dimensional ulrasonography (2DUS) and to correlate this finding with outcome. Ultrasound images were reviewed from 77 consecutive fetuses who presented with isolated CDH between January 2004 and July 2012. The liver ...
Kang J-H JH Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Diagnosis, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Non-infectious myositis is a condition characterized by chronic localized myalgia originating from central nervous system effects. It is also known as centrally mediated myalgia associated with neurogenic inflammation. When this condition occurs in the lateral pterygoid muscle, clinical evaluation is difficult due to its inaccessible anatomic location. In order to ...
Alperin Noam N *Department of Radiology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida; ‡Department of Radiology, University of Munich, Munich, Germany; §Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami, Miami, Florida; and ¶Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, - - 2014
It has been well documented that, along with tonsillar herniation, Chiari Malformation Type I (CMI) is associated with smaller posterior cranial fossa (PCF) and altered cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow and tissue motion in the craniocervical junction. This study assesses the relationship between PCF volumetry and CSF and tissue dynamics toward ...
Chang Stephanie T ST 1 Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Dr, H1307, Stanford, CA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to examine the rates of appendiceal visualization by sonography, imaging-based diagnoses of appendicitis, and CT use after appendiceal sonography, before and after the introduction of a sonographic algorithm involving sequential changes in patient positioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We used a search engine to ...
Sprunt Julie M JM University of Texas Southwestern-Austin and University Medical Center Brackenridge, Austin, Texas, - - 2014
Diaphragm injuries after blunt trauma are uncommon but require early diagnosis to expedite repair. The advancing technology of computed tomography (CT) scanners has improved the detection of almost all traumatic injuries; however, the literature regarding the diagnostic accuracy of CT scan for blunt diaphragm injuries is lacking. The purpose of ...
Javard Romain R The Companion Animal Research Group, Département de Sciences Cliniques, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal (CHUV-UM), Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec J2S 7C6 (Javard, Specchi, Lapointe); The Centre Vétérinaire DMV, 2300, 54 Avenue Lachine, Montréal, Quebec H8T 3R2 (Benamou, Deffontaines, Planté); Hôpital Vétérinaire Rive-Sud, 7415 boulevard Taschereau, Brossard, Quebec J4Y 1A2 - - 2014
This report describes an ileocecocolic volvulus in a German shepherd dog with risk factors of previous abdominal surgeries and concurrent chronic enteropathy. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) with multiplanar reformatting was more sensitive than abdominal radiographs or ultrasound to obtain a diagnosis, because of the presence of a "whirl-sign" on CT. ...
Grando Higor H Department of Radiology, San Diego Medical Center, University of California, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92126, USA; Department of Radiology, Hospital do Coração (HCor) and Teleimagem, Desembargador Eliseu Guilherme, 147, Paraíso, São Paulo 04004-030, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The knee has unique anatomy regarding the relationship between the synovial and capsular layers, with interposed fat pads at certain locations. The extrasynovial impingement and inflammation syndromes about the knee are underdiagnosed and should be included in the differential diagnosis of anterior knee pain. MR imaging is the best imaging ...
Visscher Arjan Paul AP From the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Endoanal ultrasound is a technique that provides imaging of the anal sphincters and its surrounding structures as well as the pelvic floor. However, endoanal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is preferred by most physicians, although costs are higher and demand easily outgrows availability. Endoanal ultrasound is an accurate imaging modality delineating ...
Shiu-Cheung Chan Sherwin S Perelman School of Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Foreign body ingestion is a common indication for imaging children. Ultrasound can be a useful adjunct to serial radiographs for evaluation of foreign bodies in the enteric tract. This case report describes a child who swallowed a single magnetic rock. Follow-up radiographs 4 days later could not determine progression of ...
Thonnon Cyrielle C Obstetrics and Gynecology department, Croix-Rousse University Hospital of - - 2014
To assess the performance of 3D-ultrasound with color Doppler in the diagnosis of bladder endometriosis compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cystoscopy. (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). Department of gynecology and obstetrics of a university hospital. Eight women reporting urinary tract symptoms suggestive of bladder endometriosis between May 2012 ...
Kording Fabian F University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Centre for Radiology and Endoscopy, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, - - 2014
Accurate triggering of the cardiac cycle is mandatory for optimal image acquisition and thus diagnostic quality in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The purpose of this work was to evaluate Doppler ultrasound as an alternative trigger method in cardiac MRI. Steady-state free precession (SSFP) 2D cine CMR was performed in 11 ...
Granata Antonio A Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, "St. Giovanni di Dio" Hospital, Agrigento, - - 2014
Grey-scale ultrasound has an important diagnostic role in nephrology. The absence of ionizing radiations and nephrotoxicity, rapidity of execution, excellent repeatability, the possibility to perform the test at the patient's bed and the low cost represent important advantages of this technique. Paired with real-time sonography and colour-power-Doppler contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) ...
Kasprian Gregor J GJ Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-Guided Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Introduction: This retrospective study aims to describe systematically the fetal cerebral MR morphology in cases with occipital meningoencephaloceles using standard and advanced fetal MRI techniques. Material and Methods: The 1.5-tesla MR examinations (T1- and T2-weighted imaging, echo planar imaging, EPI, diffusion-weighted imaging, DWI) of 14 fetuses with occipital/parietal meningoencephaloceles were ...
Manganaro Lucia L Department of Radiological Oncological and Anatomopathological Sciences, Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
This study was done to evaluate the role of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the study of gastrointestinal malformations in comparison to prenatal ultrasound (US). A prospective (2010-2012) study of 38 fetal MRI scans was performed on 38 fetuses between 24 and 38 weeks of gestation. All the fetuses had ...
Segebarth P Brad PB *OrthoCarolina Spine Center, Charlotte NC †OrthoCarolina Research Institute, Charlotte NC ‡Health Partners, St. Paul - - 2014
Restrospective Cohort. Degenerative spondylolisthesis with lumbar stenosis is a well-studied pathology and diagnosis is most commonly determined by a combination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and standing radiographs. However, routine upright imaging is not universally accepted as standard in all practices. To our knowledge, there has been no study investigating ...
Noda Yoshifumi Y Department of Radiology, Gifu University Hospital, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristic imaging features and performance of prenatal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis of placental invasion. This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board and written informed consent was waived. Twenty-eight patients (age range 26-39 years; mean age, 33.8 ± 3.1 years) ...
Wynn Martha M MM Departments of Anesthesiology. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study complications from spinal fluid drainage in open thoracic/thoracoabdominal and thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs to define risks of spinal fluid drainage. Retrospective, prospectively maintained, institutionally approved database. Single institution university center. 724 patients treated from 1987 to 2013 INTERVENTIONS: The authors drained spinal fluid to a pressure≤6 mmHg ...
Mallick Andrew A AA Department of Paediatric Neurology, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, - - 2014
Stroke is a major cause of mortality in children. Conditions that mimic stroke also cause severe morbidity and require prompt diagnosis and treatment. We have investigated the time to diagnosis in a cohort of children with stroke. A population-based cohort of children with stroke was prospectively identified in the south ...
Nourissat G G Groupe Maussins, Clinique des Maussins, 67, rue de Romainville, 75019 Paris, France; UR4 Stress vieillissement inflammation, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Clinical diagnosis of biceps tendinopathy is difficult to make because of the poor sensitivity of existing clinical tests. The goal of this study was to determine whether MRI or CT arthrogram could contribute to the diagnosis of tendinopathy in the intra-articular portion of the long head of biceps (LHB), while ...
Nawapun Katika K Cluster Organ Systems, Department of Development and Regeneration, Faculty of Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3000, Leuven, Belgium; Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Siriraj Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10700, - - 2014
To assess the relationship between the position of the stomach and the volume of herniated organs into the thorax, and the observed-to-expected total fetal lung volume (o/e TFLV), which is a measure of pulmonary hypoplasia in fetuses with isolated left sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (LCDH). Single-center study on archived MR ...
Cistaro Angelina A Positron Emission Tomography Centre IRMET S.p.A., Euromedic Inc., Turin, Italy; PET Pediatric AIMN InterGroup, Turin, Italy; Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies, National Research Council, Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Autoimmune limbic encephalitis (LE) is a rare disorder; its diagnosis can be challenging. We report two uncommon cases of LE evaluated by brain 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography describing the metabolic imaging patterns, which were different from those observed in previous studies: the first one presented an unprecedented (18)F-FDG ...
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