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Espígol-Frigolé Georgina G Vasculitis Research Unit, Department of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases, Hospital Clínic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi I Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Villarroel 170, Barcelona 08036, - - 2015
The diagnosis of large-vessel vasculitis has experienced substantial improvement in recent years. While Takayasu arteritis diagnosis relies on imaging, the involvement of epicranial arteries by giant-cell arteritis facilitates histopathological confirmation. When appropriately performed temporal artery biopsy has high sensitivity and specificity. However, an optimal biopsy is not always achievable and, ...
Starr Vanessa V 1 Department of Radiology, Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, 751 S Bascom Ave, San Jose, CA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), a well-described entity previously evaluated with a standard multimodality imaging algorithm, typically consisting of ultrasound and radiography depending on patient age. CONCLUSION. MRI is increasingly used because it is a noninvasive imaging modality that offers ...
Kamal Ayesha A The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, 601 N. Caroline Street, JHOC 3235 A, Baltimore, MD, 21231, USA, - - 2014
Purpose: Compare CT and MRI for fluid/debris component estimate and pancreatic duct (PD) communication with organized pancreatic fluid collections in acute pancreatitis. Evaluate fat density globules on CT as marker for debris. Methods: 29 Patients with 46 collections with CECT and MRI performed ≥4 weeks of symptom onset assessed for necrotizing ...
Kaltenbach T E M - - 2014
Objective of our study is qualitative and quantitative comparison of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and 18F-FDG PET-CT in monitoring hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE). Parasitic liver lesions were examined regarding number, size, morphology, vascularization and metabolic activity. Patients, methods: 36 patients with medically-treated HAE were included in this prospective clinical study. ...
Khati Nadia J NJ Department of Radiology, Body Imaging Section, The George Washington University Hospital, 900 23rd St., NW, Washington, DC, 20037, USA, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) is an effective, readily available diagnostic imaging tool for evaluation of the emergency room (ER) patients with the clinical suspicion of perianal abscess and/or infected fistulous tract (anorectal sepsis). These patients usually present with perineal pain, fever, and leukocytosis. The diagnosis can be easy if the fistulous ...
Nigro Nicole N Departments of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolism, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland; Clinical Research, University Hospital Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Hyponatraemia is common and its differential diagnosis and consequent therapy management is challenging. The differential diagnosis is mainly based on the routine clinical assessment of volume status, which is often misleading. Mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) is associated with extracellular and cardiac fluid volume. A total of 227 consecutive patients ...
Levy Dana T DT *Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, #Department of Radiology, ^Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New - - 2014
Infection remains a well established complication following placement of left ventricular assist devices. Defining the extent of infection is a challenging task as there are few effective imaging modalities and no standardized guidelines regarding imaging in the diagnosis of device related infections (DRIs). The use of gallium with SPECT-CT (Ga ...
Du Jiang J Department of Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai First People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that lung recruitment maneuvers are important means of treating ARDS. Although computed tomography (CT) scans and pressure-volume curves are the most common ways to evaluate lung recruitment, there are still many disadvantages. Not only do the scans have to take place in a CT room, but ...
Clanton Thomas O TO Departments of BioMedical Engineering and Imaging Research, Steadman Philippon Research Institute, 181 W. Meadow Drive, Suite 1000, Vail, CO, 81657, - - 2014
Historically, syndesmosis injuries have been underdiagnosed. The purpose of this study was to characterize the 3.0-T MRI presentations of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and its individual structures in both asymptomatic and injured cohorts. Ten age-matched asymptomatic volunteers were imaged to characterize the asymptomatic syndesmotic anatomy. A series of 21 consecutive ...
Bazelle Julien J Willows Veterinary Centre and Referral Service, Highlands Road, Shirley, Solihull, West Midlands, B90 4NH, - - 2014
Intracranial arachnoid diverticula (cysts) are rare accumulations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the arachnoid membrane. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of fourth ventricle arachnoid diverticula in a group of dogs. The hospital's medical records were searched for dogs with MRI studies ...
Joshi Aditya A Department of Pediatrics, Marshfield Clinic/Ministry Saint Joseph's Children Hospital, Marshfield, Wisconsin, - - 2014
We describe a premature neonate with an extensive plexiform neurofibroma. Prenatal ultrasound at 32 weeks of gestation was normal. Postnatal examination was significant for a palpable left neck mass. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head demonstrated a mass involving the left cavernous sinus with spreading to the left orbital ...
Britto Ingrid Schwach Weneck IS Texas Children's Fetal Center and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Houston, Texas, - - 2014
To describe a method of quantifying the amount of liver herniation in fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia using two-dimensional ulrasonography (2DUS) and to correlate this finding with outcome. Ultrasound images were reviewed from 77 consecutive fetuses who presented with isolated CDH between January 2004 and July 2012. The liver ...
Alperin Noam N *Department of Radiology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida; ‡Department of Radiology, University of Munich, Munich, Germany; §Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami, Miami, Florida; and ¶Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, - - 2014
It has been well documented that, along with tonsillar herniation, Chiari Malformation Type I (CMI) is associated with smaller posterior cranial fossa (PCF) and altered cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow and tissue motion in the craniocervical junction. This study assesses the relationship between PCF volumetry and CSF and tissue dynamics toward ...
Chang Stephanie T ST 1 Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Dr, H1307, Stanford, CA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to examine the rates of appendiceal visualization by sonography, imaging-based diagnoses of appendicitis, and CT use after appendiceal sonography, before and after the introduction of a sonographic algorithm involving sequential changes in patient positioning. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We used a search engine to ...
Sprunt Julie M JM University of Texas Southwestern-Austin and University Medical Center Brackenridge, Austin, Texas, - - 2014
Diaphragm injuries after blunt trauma are uncommon but require early diagnosis to expedite repair. The advancing technology of computed tomography (CT) scanners has improved the detection of almost all traumatic injuries; however, the literature regarding the diagnostic accuracy of CT scan for blunt diaphragm injuries is lacking. The purpose of ...
Javard Romain R The Companion Animal Research Group, Département de Sciences Cliniques, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal (CHUV-UM), Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec J2S 7C6 (Javard, Specchi, Lapointe); The Centre Vétérinaire DMV, 2300, 54 Avenue Lachine, Montréal, Quebec H8T 3R2 (Benamou, Deffontaines, Planté); Hôpital Vétérinaire Rive-Sud, 7415 boulevard Taschereau, Brossard, Quebec J4Y 1A2 - - 2014
This report describes an ileocecocolic volvulus in a German shepherd dog with risk factors of previous abdominal surgeries and concurrent chronic enteropathy. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) with multiplanar reformatting was more sensitive than abdominal radiographs or ultrasound to obtain a diagnosis, because of the presence of a "whirl-sign" on CT. ...
Visscher Arjan Paul AP From the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
Endoanal ultrasound is a technique that provides imaging of the anal sphincters and its surrounding structures as well as the pelvic floor. However, endoanal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is preferred by most physicians, although costs are higher and demand easily outgrows availability. Endoanal ultrasound is an accurate imaging modality delineating ...
Shiu-Cheung Chan Sherwin S Perelman School of Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Foreign body ingestion is a common indication for imaging children. Ultrasound can be a useful adjunct to serial radiographs for evaluation of foreign bodies in the enteric tract. This case report describes a child who swallowed a single magnetic rock. Follow-up radiographs 4 days later could not determine progression of ...
Kording Fabian F University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Centre for Radiology and Endoscopy, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, - - 2014
Accurate triggering of the cardiac cycle is mandatory for optimal image acquisition and thus diagnostic quality in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. The purpose of this work was to evaluate Doppler ultrasound as an alternative trigger method in cardiac MRI. Steady-state free precession (SSFP) 2D cine CMR was performed in 11 ...
Granata Antonio A Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, "St. Giovanni di Dio" Hospital, Agrigento, - - 2014
Grey-scale ultrasound has an important diagnostic role in nephrology. The absence of ionizing radiations and nephrotoxicity, rapidity of execution, excellent repeatability, the possibility to perform the test at the patient's bed and the low cost represent important advantages of this technique. Paired with real-time sonography and colour-power-Doppler contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) ...
Kasprian Gregor J GJ Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-Guided Therapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Introduction: This retrospective study aims to describe systematically the fetal cerebral MR morphology in cases with occipital meningoencephaloceles using standard and advanced fetal MRI techniques. Material and Methods: The 1.5-tesla MR examinations (T1- and T2-weighted imaging, echo planar imaging, EPI, diffusion-weighted imaging, DWI) of 14 fetuses with occipital/parietal meningoencephaloceles were ...
Manganaro Lucia L Department of Radiological Oncological and Anatomopathological Sciences, Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Viale Regina Elena 324, 00161, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
This study was done to evaluate the role of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the study of gastrointestinal malformations in comparison to prenatal ultrasound (US). A prospective (2010-2012) study of 38 fetal MRI scans was performed on 38 fetuses between 24 and 38 weeks of gestation. All the fetuses had ...
Segebarth P Brad PB *OrthoCarolina Spine Center, Charlotte NC †OrthoCarolina Research Institute, Charlotte NC ‡Health Partners, St. Paul - - 2014
Restrospective Cohort. Degenerative spondylolisthesis with lumbar stenosis is a well-studied pathology and diagnosis is most commonly determined by a combination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and standing radiographs. However, routine upright imaging is not universally accepted as standard in all practices. To our knowledge, there has been no study investigating ...
Noda Yoshifumi Y Department of Radiology, Gifu University Hospital, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the characteristic imaging features and performance of prenatal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis of placental invasion. This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board and written informed consent was waived. Twenty-eight patients (age range 26-39 years; mean age, 33.8 ± 3.1 years) ...
Mallick Andrew A AA Department of Paediatric Neurology, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children, Bristol, - - 2014
Stroke is a major cause of mortality in children. Conditions that mimic stroke also cause severe morbidity and require prompt diagnosis and treatment. We have investigated the time to diagnosis in a cohort of children with stroke. A population-based cohort of children with stroke was prospectively identified in the south ...
Nawapun Katika K Cluster Organ Systems, Department of Development and Regeneration, Faculty of Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3000, Leuven, Belgium; Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Siriraj Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, 10700, - - 2014
To assess the relationship between the position of the stomach and the volume of herniated organs into the thorax, and the observed-to-expected total fetal lung volume (o/e TFLV), which is a measure of pulmonary hypoplasia in fetuses with isolated left sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (LCDH). Single-center study on archived MR ...
Kammerer S S Department of Clinical Radiology, University Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany, - - 2014
Evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of abdominal CT depending on the type of enteric contrast agent. Multislice CTs of 2,008 patients with different types of oral preparation (positive with barium, n = 576; neutral with water, n = 716; and no enteric contrast, n = 716) were retrospectively evaluated by two radiologists including delineation of intestinal segments ...
Szczepek E E Department of Neurosurgery, Second Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
Despite a variety of diagnostic methods, differentiation of symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus from those of atrophic processes of the brain is still a difficult task. In the present study an attempt of non-invasive differential diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and brain atrophy (BA) was presented using volumetric analysis ...
Voelter-Ratson Katrin K Equine Department, Ophthalmology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
To describe a nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction secondary to an ectopic tooth in a 5-year-old male Border collie. The dog was presented with a 1-month history of mucopurulent discharge from the left eye (OS) preceded by a lifelong history of epiphora OS. Treatment with neomycin/polymyxin B/dexamethasone ophthalmic solution had not ...
Cavaliere Michele M Operative Unit of Otolaryngology, Department of Neuroscience, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, - - 2014
We have analyzed the preoperative diagnosis of cholesteatoma through the use of diffusion-weighted intensity magnetic resonance (DWI-MR) in 16 consecutive patients suffering from chronic otitis media with clinical and radiological (by computed tomography) suspicion of cholesteatoma. In particular, we compared the radiological data with intraoperative ones, verifying the correspondence (in ...
Hochart V V Department of Pediatric Radiology, CHRU Lille, Jeanne de Flandre Hospital, 59037, Lille, France, - - 2014
Present challenges are to improve the diagnosis rate of oesophageal atresia (OA) and evaluate as completely as possible a fetus affected by OA, specifically the type of OA and the length of the gap. Our aim was to evaluate the accuracy of fetal MR imaging (fMRI) for diagnosis of OA. ...
Stark Zornitza Z Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Victorian Clinical Genetics Services, Melbourne, Australia; Fetal Medicine Unit, Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Maternal Fetal Medicine, Sunshine Hospital, Western Health, Melbourne, - - 2014
Apert syndrome is characterized by craniosynostosis and complex hand and foot syndactyly, as well as an increased risk of brain, palate, heart and visceral malformations, and intellectual disability. This study aims to describe the structural brain abnormalities detected by dedicated neuroimaging of fetuses with Apert syndrome. Retrospective review of ultrasound ...
Phithakwatchara Nisarat N Cincinnati Fetal Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA; Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, - - 2014
To determine whether fetal lung volume and visceral herniation are associated with changes in intrathoracic space in congenital diaphragmatic hernia(CDH). We retrospectively examined the relationship between MRI-derived measurements of intrathoracic space (predicted lung volume (PLV)) and residual lung volume or visceral herniation among isolated left-sided CDH fetuses. Data from fetal ...
Chung Jonathan H - - 2014
Background:The current UIP/IPF CT classification system excludes probable UIP as a diagnostic category. We sought to determine the predictive effect of probable CT UIP on histology, and to determine the effect of the promoter polymorphism in the MUC5B gene (rs35705950) on histologic and CT UIP diagnosis. Methods:The cohort included 201 ...
Bucknor Matthew D MD From the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California-San Francisco, 185 Berry St, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA - - 2014
Purpose To serially monitor bone remodeling in the swine femur after magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ( HIFU high-intensity focused ultrasound ) ablation with MR imaging, computed tomography (CT), sodium fluorine 18 (Na(18)F)-positron emission tomography (PET), and histopathologic examination, as a function of sonication energy. Materials and Methods ...
Ziemba Justin B JB Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Professional associations recommend ultrasound as the initial imaging study for children with suspected nephrolithiasis; however, computed tomography (CT) remains frequently utilized. We sought to identify patient and institutional characteristics associated with use of CT as the first imaging study for children with nephrolithiasis diagnosed in the emergency department (ED). We ...
Medeiros Lídia Rossi LR Postgraduate Program in Medicine, Medical Sciences at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil, - - 2014
To estimate the accuracy of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). A comprehensive search of the Medline, Pubmed, Lilacs, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Biomed Central, and ISI Web of Science databases was conducted from January 1990 to December ...
Stahr Nikolai N Department of Diagnostic Imaging, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Steinwisstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Conjoined twins are a rare developmental anomaly with a reported prevalence of 1.47 per 100,000 births. We present an uncommon case of a parasitic ischiopagus tetrapus with a parasitic ischiopagus partial twin joined to the complete fetus at the level of the ischium diagnosed in utero by fetal MRI. The ...
Laurent François F Centre Cardiothoracique INSERM 1045, France Université de Bordeaux and CHU de Bordeaux, - - 2014
To investigate inter-reader agreement for the detection of pleural and parenchymal abnormalities using CT in a large cross-sectional study comprising information on individual cumulative exposure to asbestos. The project was approved by the hospital ethics committee, and all patients received information on the study and gave their written informed consent. ...
Staffieri Sandra E SE The Royal Children's Hospital, Victoria, Australia; Centre for Eye Research Australia, Victoria, - - 2014
To describe tumour identification on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a 35 week fetus with familial retinoblastoma (RB) and report the use of antenatal ultrasound (US) and MRI screening in the management of fetuses at high risk of RB. A retrospective review of the antenatal course and immediate post natal findings ...
Meinig H H Spine Surgery, SRH Klinikum Karlsbad-Langensteinbach, Karlsbad, Germany, - - 2014
Indication for surgery in spine trauma patients depends on the extent of destruction of the spine. Computer-assisted tomography scan (CAT scan) is not suitable to diagnose type B-injuries. Aim of the study was to investigate whether ultrasound is able to detect destruction of the posterior ligament complex (PLC). Twenty-nine patients ...
Theilen Lauren H LH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis. Electronic address: - - 2014
To estimate the rate and risk of appendix non-visualization and alternative diagnoses made with MRI for suspected appendicitis in pregnant women. We performed a retrospective cohort study of consecutive pregnant women who underwent MRI for suspected appendicitis at a single center from 2007-2012. Data on clinical presentation, imaging, and surgical ...
Hahnemann Maria L ML Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45147, Essen, - - 2014
Abusive head trauma (AHT) in infants is usually diagnosed using a multi-disciplinary approach by investigating the circumstances and identifying morphological indicators, for example, subdural hematomas (SDHs), subdural hygromas (SDHys), retinal haemorrhages and encephalopathy. The present morphological study investigates the incidence, radiological characteristics and non-radiological co-factors of bridging vein thrombosis (BVT) ...
Chen Xu - - 2014
Obstructive azoospermia (OA) is one of the most common causes of male infertility. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) has been used to diagnose OA for many years. From 2009 to 2013, we evaluated a prospective cohort of 1249 patients with suspected OA using TRUS. It was found that dilation of the ejaculatory ...
Mallinson Paul I PI Radiology Department, Vancouver General Hospital, Jim Pattison Pavilion, 899 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 1M9, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Magnetic resonance imaging is the mainstay of diagnostic imaging for soft tissue masses, but plain film, ultrasound, and computed tomography all have roles. A subset of lesions has specific imaging features that enable a confident radiological diagnosis with appropriate clinical correlation. Many soft tissue masses have nonspecific appearances and should ...
Choi Jin-Young JY From the Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea (J.Y.C.); Department of Radiology and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea (J.M.L.); and Liver Imaging Group, Department of Radiology, University of California-San Diego Medical Center, 408 Dickinson St, San Diego, CA 92103-8226 - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging play critical roles in the diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The second article of this two-part review discusses basic concepts of diagnosis and staging, reviews the diagnostic performance of CT and MR imaging with extracellular contrast agents and of MR ...
Ronot Maxime M Department of Radiology, APHP, University Hospitals Paris Nord Val de Seine, Beaujon, Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, France; University Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; INSERM U1149, centre de recherche biomédicale Bichat-Beaujon, CRB3, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Imaging plays a very important role in the diagnosis of HCC. Indeed, in high-risk patients a noninvasive diagnosis can only be obtained by imaging in presence of typical features. These features include arterial enhancement followed by washout during the portal venous and/or delayed phases on CT scan or MRI. This ...
Adrian A M AM Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) is highly accurate for diagnosing pancreatitis in humans. The diagnosis of pancreatitis in dogs is based on clinical signs, laboratory findings, and ultrasonographic (US) changes. There are, however, inherent limitations in relying on laboratory and ultrasound findings for the clinical diagnosis of pancreatitis in dogs. We hypothesized ...
Linz Christian C Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Plastic Surgery, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2014
We defined parameters that could differentiate between positional and synostotic plagiocephaly and defined a diagnostic chart for decision making. Prospective study. We examined 411 children with non-syndromic skull abnormalities between January 2011 and December 2012. A total of 8 infants under 1 year of age with proven unilateral non-syndromic lambdoid synostosis ...
Wenham C Y J CY Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Leeds, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds LS7 4SA, UK; NIHR Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds LS7 4SA, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peripheral joint osteoarthritis (OA) is predominantly a clinical diagnosis, though imaging may provide confirmation and aid with differential diagnosis where there is clinical doubt. Whilst radiographs (X-rays (XR)) are usually the first-line imaging modality selected, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) may all have a valuable role ...
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