Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 671
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Alperin Noam N *Department of Radiology, University of Miami, Miami, Florida; ‡Department of Radiology, University of Munich, Munich, Germany; §Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami, Miami, Florida; and ¶Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, - - 2014
It has been well documented that, along with tonsillar herniation, Chiari Malformation Type I (CMI) is associated with smaller posterior cranial fossa (PCF) and altered cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow and tissue motion in the craniocervical junction. This study assesses the relationship between PCF volumetry and CSF and tissue dynamics toward ...
Kammerer S S Department of Clinical Radiology, University Hospital Münster, Münster, Germany, - - 2014
Evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of abdominal CT depending on the type of enteric contrast agent. Multislice CTs of 2,008 patients with different types of oral preparation (positive with barium, n = 576; neutral with water, n = 716; and no enteric contrast, n = 716) were retrospectively evaluated by two radiologists including delineation of intestinal segments ...
Szczepek E E Department of Neurosurgery, Second Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
Despite a variety of diagnostic methods, differentiation of symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus from those of atrophic processes of the brain is still a difficult task. In the present study an attempt of non-invasive differential diagnosis of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and brain atrophy (BA) was presented using volumetric analysis ...
Voelter-Ratson Katrin K Equine Department, Ophthalmology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2014
To describe a nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction secondary to an ectopic tooth in a 5-year-old male Border collie. The dog was presented with a 1-month history of mucopurulent discharge from the left eye (OS) preceded by a lifelong history of epiphora OS. Treatment with neomycin/polymyxin B/dexamethasone ophthalmic solution had not ...
Cavaliere Michele M Operative Unit of Otolaryngology, Department of Neuroscience, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, - - 2014
We have analyzed the preoperative diagnosis of cholesteatoma through the use of diffusion-weighted intensity magnetic resonance (DWI-MR) in 16 consecutive patients suffering from chronic otitis media with clinical and radiological (by computed tomography) suspicion of cholesteatoma. In particular, we compared the radiological data with intraoperative ones, verifying the correspondence (in ...
Hochart V V Department of Pediatric Radiology, CHRU Lille, Jeanne de Flandre Hospital, 59037, Lille, France, - - 2014
Present challenges are to improve the diagnosis rate of oesophageal atresia (OA) and evaluate as completely as possible a fetus affected by OA, specifically the type of OA and the length of the gap. Our aim was to evaluate the accuracy of fetal MR imaging (fMRI) for diagnosis of OA. ...
Stark Zornitza Z Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Victorian Clinical Genetics Services, Melbourne, Australia; Fetal Medicine Unit, Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia; Maternal Fetal Medicine, Sunshine Hospital, Western Health, Melbourne, - - 2014
Apert syndrome is characterized by craniosynostosis and complex hand and foot syndactyly, as well as an increased risk of brain, palate, heart and visceral malformations, and intellectual disability. This study aims to describe the structural brain abnormalities detected by dedicated neuroimaging of fetuses with Apert syndrome. Retrospective review of ultrasound ...
Phithakwatchara Nisarat N Cincinnati Fetal Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA; Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, - - 2014
To determine whether fetal lung volume and visceral herniation are associated with changes in intrathoracic space in congenital diaphragmatic hernia(CDH). We retrospectively examined the relationship between MRI-derived measurements of intrathoracic space (predicted lung volume (PLV)) and residual lung volume or visceral herniation among isolated left-sided CDH fetuses. Data from fetal ...
Chung Jonathan H - - 2014
Background:The current UIP/IPF CT classification system excludes probable UIP as a diagnostic category. We sought to determine the predictive effect of probable CT UIP on histology, and to determine the effect of the promoter polymorphism in the MUC5B gene (rs35705950) on histologic and CT UIP diagnosis. Methods:The cohort included 201 ...
Bucknor Matthew D MD From the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California-San Francisco, 185 Berry St, Suite 350, San Francisco, CA - - 2014
Purpose To serially monitor bone remodeling in the swine femur after magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound ( HIFU high-intensity focused ultrasound ) ablation with MR imaging, computed tomography (CT), sodium fluorine 18 (Na(18)F)-positron emission tomography (PET), and histopathologic examination, as a function of sonication energy. Materials and Methods ...
Ziemba Justin B JB Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Professional associations recommend ultrasound as the initial imaging study for children with suspected nephrolithiasis; however, computed tomography (CT) remains frequently utilized. We sought to identify patient and institutional characteristics associated with use of CT as the first imaging study for children with nephrolithiasis diagnosed in the emergency department (ED). We ...
Medeiros Lídia Rossi LR Postgraduate Program in Medicine, Medical Sciences at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brazil, - - 2014
To estimate the accuracy of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). A comprehensive search of the Medline, Pubmed, Lilacs, Scopus, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Biomed Central, and ISI Web of Science databases was conducted from January 1990 to December ...
Stahr Nikolai N Department of Diagnostic Imaging, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Steinwisstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich, Switzerland, - - 2014
Conjoined twins are a rare developmental anomaly with a reported prevalence of 1.47 per 100,000 births. We present an uncommon case of a parasitic ischiopagus tetrapus with a parasitic ischiopagus partial twin joined to the complete fetus at the level of the ischium diagnosed in utero by fetal MRI. The ...
Laurent François F Centre Cardiothoracique INSERM 1045, France Université de Bordeaux and CHU de Bordeaux, - - 2014
To investigate inter-reader agreement for the detection of pleural and parenchymal abnormalities using CT in a large cross-sectional study comprising information on individual cumulative exposure to asbestos. The project was approved by the hospital ethics committee, and all patients received information on the study and gave their written informed consent. ...
Staffieri Sandra E SE The Royal Children's Hospital, Victoria, Australia; Centre for Eye Research Australia, Victoria, - - 2014
To describe tumour identification on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a 35 week fetus with familial retinoblastoma (RB) and report the use of antenatal ultrasound (US) and MRI screening in the management of fetuses at high risk of RB. A retrospective review of the antenatal course and immediate post natal findings ...
Meinig H H Spine Surgery, SRH Klinikum Karlsbad-Langensteinbach, Karlsbad, Germany, - - 2014
Indication for surgery in spine trauma patients depends on the extent of destruction of the spine. Computer-assisted tomography scan (CAT scan) is not suitable to diagnose type B-injuries. Aim of the study was to investigate whether ultrasound is able to detect destruction of the posterior ligament complex (PLC). Twenty-nine patients ...
Theilen Lauren H LH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis. Electronic address: - - 2014
To estimate the rate and risk of appendix non-visualization and alternative diagnoses made with MRI for suspected appendicitis in pregnant women. We performed a retrospective cohort study of consecutive pregnant women who underwent MRI for suspected appendicitis at a single center from 2007-2012. Data on clinical presentation, imaging, and surgical ...
Hahnemann Maria L ML Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Hospital Essen, Hufelandstraße 55, 45147, Essen, - - 2014
Abusive head trauma (AHT) in infants is usually diagnosed using a multi-disciplinary approach by investigating the circumstances and identifying morphological indicators, for example, subdural hematomas (SDHs), subdural hygromas (SDHys), retinal haemorrhages and encephalopathy. The present morphological study investigates the incidence, radiological characteristics and non-radiological co-factors of bridging vein thrombosis (BVT) ...
Mallinson Paul I PI Radiology Department, Vancouver General Hospital, Jim Pattison Pavilion, 899 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, British Columbia V5Z 1M9, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Magnetic resonance imaging is the mainstay of diagnostic imaging for soft tissue masses, but plain film, ultrasound, and computed tomography all have roles. A subset of lesions has specific imaging features that enable a confident radiological diagnosis with appropriate clinical correlation. Many soft tissue masses have nonspecific appearances and should ...
Choi Jin-Young JY From the Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Korea (J.Y.C.); Department of Radiology and Institute of Radiation Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea (J.M.L.); and Liver Imaging Group, Department of Radiology, University of California-San Diego Medical Center, 408 Dickinson St, San Diego, CA 92103-8226 - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging play critical roles in the diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The second article of this two-part review discusses basic concepts of diagnosis and staging, reviews the diagnostic performance of CT and MR imaging with extracellular contrast agents and of MR ...
Ronot Maxime M Department of Radiology, APHP, University Hospitals Paris Nord Val de Seine, Beaujon, Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, France; University Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; INSERM U1149, centre de recherche biomédicale Bichat-Beaujon, CRB3, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Imaging plays a very important role in the diagnosis of HCC. Indeed, in high-risk patients a noninvasive diagnosis can only be obtained by imaging in presence of typical features. These features include arterial enhancement followed by washout during the portal venous and/or delayed phases on CT scan or MRI. This ...
Adrian A M AM Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) is highly accurate for diagnosing pancreatitis in humans. The diagnosis of pancreatitis in dogs is based on clinical signs, laboratory findings, and ultrasonographic (US) changes. There are, however, inherent limitations in relying on laboratory and ultrasound findings for the clinical diagnosis of pancreatitis in dogs. We hypothesized ...
Linz Christian C Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Plastic Surgery, University Hospital of Würzburg, Würzburg, - - 2014
We defined parameters that could differentiate between positional and synostotic plagiocephaly and defined a diagnostic chart for decision making. Prospective study. We examined 411 children with non-syndromic skull abnormalities between January 2011 and December 2012. A total of 8 infants under 1 year of age with proven unilateral non-syndromic lambdoid synostosis ...
Wenham C Y J CY Leeds Institute of Rheumatic and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Leeds, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds LS7 4SA, UK; NIHR Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Chapel Allerton Hospital, Leeds LS7 4SA, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Peripheral joint osteoarthritis (OA) is predominantly a clinical diagnosis, though imaging may provide confirmation and aid with differential diagnosis where there is clinical doubt. Whilst radiographs (X-rays (XR)) are usually the first-line imaging modality selected, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) may all have a valuable role ...
Bäuerle Jochen J Department of Neurology, University Hospital Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cerebral ischemia due to meningovascular syphilis is rare and more frequently affects the anterior circulation than the posterior circulation. We describe clinical features and imaging studies of a 50-year-old patient with Parinaud syndrome and a syphilitic dorsal midbrain infarction. Brain magnetic resonance imaging indicated vasculitis of the posterior circulation. The ...
Saremi Farhood F From the Departments of Radiology (F.S., N.E., P.F.W., L.I., J.L.G.) and Cardiovascular Medicine (D.S.), University of Southern California, USC University Hospital, 1500 San Pablo St, Los Angeles, CA 90033; and Department of Human Anatomy, University of Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain - - 2014
Paradoxical embolism (PDE) is an uncommon cause of acute arterial occlusion that may have catastrophic sequelae. The possibility of its presence should be considered in all patients with an arterial embolus in the absence of a cardiac or proximal arterial source. Despite advancements in radiologic imaging technology, the use of ...
Lauvin Marie-Agnès MA Department of Neuroradiology, CHRU de Tours, F-37044, TOURS, FRANCE. Electronic address: - - 2014
Bovine serum albumin and glutaraldehyde (BSAG) (BioGlue®, CryoLife, Atlanta, Georgia, USA) is a surgical adhesive widely used for off-label applications in neurosurgical procedures, to minimize the risk of cerebrospinal fluid leakage after dural closure. To describe MRI and CT aspects of two cases of postoperative BSAG expansion causing delayed caudaequina ...
Taketomi Shuji S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medial collateral ligament tibial avulsion is rare. Consequently, diagnostic criteria and a treatment regimen for medial collateral ligament tibial side avulsions remain to be established. The purpose of this study is to clarify the clinical features of medial collateral ligament tibial side avulsions. We performed a retrospective clinical and magnetic ...
Howard Brandon A BA From the Divisions of *Nuclear Medicine, and †Neuroradiology, Department of Radiology, and ‡Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
A 58-year-old woman with a calcified disk extrusion causing severe spinal stenosis underwent T8 to T9 diskectomy and spinal fusion. A postoperative pseudomeningocele was treated with lumbar drain and fibrin glue. Performed for persistent right pleural effusion, CT myelogram failed to show communication between the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and pleural ...
Nemec Ursula U Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090, Vienna, - - 2014
To present reference data for fetal mandibular growth on MR imaging, enabling the diagnosis of micrognathia. Retrospectively, on 355 MR scans of apparently facially normal fetuses (GA, 20 to 36 weeks), mandibular anterior-posterior diameter (APD = mandibular size), inferior facial angle (IFA = mandibular position), and jaw index (APD normalized to biparietal diameter) were correlated ...
Ozturk Semi S Kartal Kosuyolu Heart Training and Research - - 2014
Adult survivors of aortic interruption is extremely rare. Diagnosis mostly depends on additional imaging with CT and MRI. We present a rare case of acquired complete interruption of the aorta that was found incidentally at the time of coronary angiography. This finding was confirmed by CT scan.
Jayasekera Bodiabaduge A P BA Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Victoria Hospital , Newcastle Upon Tyne , - - 2014
We report the case of a 72-year-old lady with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) occult arteriovenous malformation (AVM) causing trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The possibility of an AVM when managing patients with TN should be borne in mind. Where possible, decompression of the trigeminal nerve should be attempted, as first-line therapy.
Udoji Timothy N TN Emory University, Atlanta, United States ; - - 2014
Rationale: Multidetector-row chest computed tomography scan is a common initial screening imaging and endobronchial ultrasound is an invasive diagnostic tool used to evaluate enlarged lymph nodes. Objective: To determine the size of thoracic lymph nodes and the strength of agreement between each measurement from coronal plane computed tomography and static ...
Schiffenbauer Adam A Environmental Autoimmunity Group, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2014
The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are diseases that can be difficult to diagnose and evaluate, but diagnosis has been improved by modern imaging techniques. Advances in imaging continue to be made. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the implications of these advances for the diagnosis, understanding, and management of muscle diseases. ...
Chiavaras Mary M MM Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Accurate characterization of pectoralis major tears is important to guide management. Imaging evaluation with ultrasound and MR imaging can be difficult given the complex regional anatomy. In addition, recent literature has redefined the anatomy of the distal pectoralis major. The purpose of this study is to review pectoralis major injuries ...
Gorincour G G Department of Pediatric and Prenatal Imaging, La Timone Children's Hospital, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France; Multidisciplinary Department of Prenatal Diagnosis, La Timone Children's Hospital, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the additional role of fetal skeletal computed tomography in suspected prenatal bone abnormalities. Two centers included in a retrospective study all fetuses who benefited from skeletal computed tomography for a suspected constitutional bone disease or focal dysostosis. A total of 198 patients were included. CT was performed in ...
Olstad Kristin - - 2014
BackgroundA significant heritability has been documented for articular osteochondrosis. Selection against osteochondrosis has historically been based on macroscopic evaluation, but as computed tomography (CT) now is used to select boars with optimal body composition it can potentially also be used to screen for osteochondrosis. False negative diagnosis will occur if ...
Arthurs Owen J OJ Department of Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, WC1N 3JH, UK, - - 2014
Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) is a rare life-threatening condition characterised by complete or near-complete developmental obstruction of the foetal airway. Although antenatal imaging findings have been described, the postmortem MRI findings have not been reported. To present postmortem MRI features of CHAOS. We retrospectively reviewed our hospital pathology ...
Zhang Guang-Ying GY Department of Ultrasonography, Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, 250014, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of high-frequency ultrasound with MR in the evaluation of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) lesions after acute lateral patellar dislocation (LPD). High-frequency ultrasound and MR images were prospectively obtained in 97 consecutive patients with acute LPD. Images were acquired using standardised protocols and ...
Hagelstein Claudia C Institute of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167, Mannheim, Germany, - - 2014
To assess whether the need for postnatal prosthetic patch repair of the diaphragmatic defect in neonates with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with the antenatal measured observed-to-expected magnetic resonance fetal lung volume (o/e MR-FLV). The o/e MR-FLV was calculated in 247 fetuses with isolated CDH. Logistic regression analysis was ...
Adekola Henry H 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hutzel Women Hospital, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit - - 2014
The introduction of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has improved the prenatal evaluation of uterine, placental and fetal anatomy. However, its utilization has mostly been restricted to fetal central nervous system anomalies. We review how adjunct fetal MRI was performed and diagnosis of cystic type IV sacrococcygeal teratoma was made. ...
Rogers Andrew A Emergency Department, The Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Queensland, - - 2014
This study aims to establish current practice among Australasian emergency physicians and trainees on several aspects of the investigation of suspected subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). An electronic questionnaire (SurveyMonkey(TM) ) was distributed to emergency physicians and trainees by email through the ACEM. Survey recipients were asked about demographics, followed by a ...
Liotta Annalisa A Department of Small Animals and Equidae Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Diagnostic Imaging Section, University of Liege, Boulevard de Colonster, 20 B41, Liege, 4000, - - 2014
Epidural injections are commonly performed blindly in veterinary medicine. The aims of this study were to describe the lumbosacral ultrasonographic anatomy and to assess the feasibility of an ultrasound-guided epidural injection technique in dogs. A cross sectional anatomic atlas of the lumbosacral region and ex vivo ultrasound images were obtained ...
Chiavaras Mary M MM 1 Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton General Hospital, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review a number of diagnostic pitfalls related to ultrasound evaluation of the hand and wrist. Such pitfalls relate to evaluation of ten-dons (extensor retinaculum, multiple tendon fascicles, tendon subluxation), inflammatory arthritis (incomplete evaluation, misinterpretation of erosions, failure to evaluate for enthesitis), carpal ...
Haggerty Ashley F AF *Division of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; †Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Washington University of St Louis, St Louis, MO; ‡Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA; and §Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnoses compared with the final pathology diagnoses for a series of women with indeterminate adnexal masses. We performed a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent pelvic MRI with a diagnosis of an adnexal ...
Thuny Franck F Département de Cardiologie, Unité Nord Insuffisance cardiaque et Valvulopathies (UNIV), Centre Hospitalier Universitaitre de Marseille, Hôpital Nord, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France; Département de Cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaitre de Marseille, Hôpital de la Timone, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France; URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Faculté de Médecine, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infective endocarditis (IE) is among the most severe infectious disease, the prevention of which has not decreased its incidence. The age of patients and the rate of health care-associated IE have increased as a consequence of medical progress. The prevention strategies have been subjected to an important debate and nonspecific ...
Josephson Colin B CB Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, 12th Floor, Foothills Medical Centre, 1403-29 Street NW, Calgary, AB, Canada, T2N - - 2014
Intracranial vascular malformations (brain or pial/dural arteriovenous malformations/fistulae, and aneurysms) are the leading cause of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in young adults. Early identification of the intracranial vascular malformation may improve outcome if treatment can prevent ICH recurrence. Catheter intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (IADSA) is considered the reference standard for the ...
Meraj Seema S Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New - - 2014
A variety of fluid and fluid-like containing structures can be seen on routine MR imaging of the shoulder including bursal effusions and cystic lesions often in association with rotator cuff tears and impingement. Given its high soft tissue contrast and multiplanar imaging capabilities, MR imaging is the modality of choice ...
Park Giyoung G Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Conventional ultrasonography or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is commonly performed to obtain information about the severity of the disease, location of the injury, and differential diagnosis. The aim of this research was to investigate the diagnostic confidence of sonoelastography as an adjunct to greyscale ultrasonography in lateral elbow tendinopathy. A ...
Mihindu Esther E Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine-Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida, - - 2014
Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) guidelines have a near 100 per cent negative predictive value for clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) in children with mild head injury (Glasgow Coma Score [GCS] 14 or 15). Our goal was to retrospectively apply their criteria to our database to determine ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >