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Nemec Ursula U Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided Therapy, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090, Vienna, - - 2014
To present reference data for fetal mandibular growth on MR imaging, enabling the diagnosis of micrognathia. Retrospectively, on 355 MR scans of apparently facially normal fetuses (GA, 20 to 36 weeks), mandibular anterior-posterior diameter (APD = mandibular size), inferior facial angle (IFA = mandibular position), and jaw index (APD normalized to biparietal diameter) were correlated ...
Ozturk Semi S Kartal Kosuyolu Heart Training and Research - - 2014
Adult survivors of aortic interruption is extremely rare. Diagnosis mostly depends on additional imaging with CT and MRI. We present a rare case of acquired complete interruption of the aorta that was found incidentally at the time of coronary angiography. This finding was confirmed by CT scan.
Jayasekera Bodiabaduge A P BA Department of Neurosurgery, Royal Victoria Hospital , Newcastle Upon Tyne , - - 2014
We report the case of a 72-year-old lady with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) occult arteriovenous malformation (AVM) causing trigeminal neuralgia (TN). The possibility of an AVM when managing patients with TN should be borne in mind. Where possible, decompression of the trigeminal nerve should be attempted, as first-line therapy.
Udoji Timothy N TN Emory University, Atlanta, United States ; - - 2014
Rationale: Multidetector-row chest computed tomography scan is a common initial screening imaging and endobronchial ultrasound is an invasive diagnostic tool used to evaluate enlarged lymph nodes. Objective: To determine the size of thoracic lymph nodes and the strength of agreement between each measurement from coronal plane computed tomography and static ...
Schiffenbauer Adam A Environmental Autoimmunity Group, Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2014
The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are diseases that can be difficult to diagnose and evaluate, but diagnosis has been improved by modern imaging techniques. Advances in imaging continue to be made. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the implications of these advances for the diagnosis, understanding, and management of muscle diseases. ...
Chiavaras Mary M MM Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Accurate characterization of pectoralis major tears is important to guide management. Imaging evaluation with ultrasound and MR imaging can be difficult given the complex regional anatomy. In addition, recent literature has redefined the anatomy of the distal pectoralis major. The purpose of this study is to review pectoralis major injuries ...
Olstad Kristin - - 2014
BackgroundA significant heritability has been documented for articular osteochondrosis. Selection against osteochondrosis has historically been based on macroscopic evaluation, but as computed tomography (CT) now is used to select boars with optimal body composition it can potentially also be used to screen for osteochondrosis. False negative diagnosis will occur if ...
Gorincour G G Department of Pediatric and Prenatal Imaging, La Timone Children's Hospital, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France; Multidisciplinary Department of Prenatal Diagnosis, La Timone Children's Hospital, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille Cedex 5, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
To study the additional role of fetal skeletal computed tomography in suspected prenatal bone abnormalities. Two centers included in a retrospective study all fetuses who benefited from skeletal computed tomography for a suspected constitutional bone disease or focal dysostosis. A total of 198 patients were included. CT was performed in ...
Arthurs Owen J OJ Department of Radiology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, London, WC1N 3JH, UK, - - 2014
Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS) is a rare life-threatening condition characterised by complete or near-complete developmental obstruction of the foetal airway. Although antenatal imaging findings have been described, the postmortem MRI findings have not been reported. To present postmortem MRI features of CHAOS. We retrospectively reviewed our hospital pathology ...
Zhang Guang-Ying GY Department of Ultrasonography, Qianfoshan Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, 250014, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of high-frequency ultrasound with MR in the evaluation of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) lesions after acute lateral patellar dislocation (LPD). High-frequency ultrasound and MR images were prospectively obtained in 97 consecutive patients with acute LPD. Images were acquired using standardised protocols and ...
Hagelstein Claudia C Institute of Clinical Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, 68167, Mannheim, Germany, - - 2014
To assess whether the need for postnatal prosthetic patch repair of the diaphragmatic defect in neonates with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with the antenatal measured observed-to-expected magnetic resonance fetal lung volume (o/e MR-FLV). The o/e MR-FLV was calculated in 247 fetuses with isolated CDH. Logistic regression analysis was ...
Adekola Henry H 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hutzel Women Hospital, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit - - 2014
The introduction of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has improved the prenatal evaluation of uterine, placental and fetal anatomy. However, its utilization has mostly been restricted to fetal central nervous system anomalies. We review how adjunct fetal MRI was performed and diagnosis of cystic type IV sacrococcygeal teratoma was made. ...
Rogers Andrew A Emergency Department, The Townsville Hospital, Townsville, Queensland, - - 2014
This study aims to establish current practice among Australasian emergency physicians and trainees on several aspects of the investigation of suspected subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). An electronic questionnaire (SurveyMonkey(TM) ) was distributed to emergency physicians and trainees by email through the ACEM. Survey recipients were asked about demographics, followed by a ...
Liotta Annalisa A Department of Small Animals and Equidae Clinic, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Diagnostic Imaging Section, University of Liege, Boulevard de Colonster, 20 B41, Liege, 4000, - - 2014
Epidural injections are commonly performed blindly in veterinary medicine. The aims of this study were to describe the lumbosacral ultrasonographic anatomy and to assess the feasibility of an ultrasound-guided epidural injection technique in dogs. A cross sectional anatomic atlas of the lumbosacral region and ex vivo ultrasound images were obtained ...
Chiavaras Mary M MM 1 Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton General Hospital, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review a number of diagnostic pitfalls related to ultrasound evaluation of the hand and wrist. Such pitfalls relate to evaluation of ten-dons (extensor retinaculum, multiple tendon fascicles, tendon subluxation), inflammatory arthritis (incomplete evaluation, misinterpretation of erosions, failure to evaluate for enthesitis), carpal ...
Haggerty Ashley F AF *Division of Gynecologic Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; †Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Washington University of St Louis, St Louis, MO; ‡Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA; and §Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnoses compared with the final pathology diagnoses for a series of women with indeterminate adnexal masses. We performed a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent pelvic MRI with a diagnosis of an adnexal ...
Thuny Franck F Département de Cardiologie, Unité Nord Insuffisance cardiaque et Valvulopathies (UNIV), Centre Hospitalier Universitaitre de Marseille, Hôpital Nord, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France; Département de Cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaitre de Marseille, Hôpital de la Timone, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France; URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, Faculté de Médecine, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infective endocarditis (IE) is among the most severe infectious disease, the prevention of which has not decreased its incidence. The age of patients and the rate of health care-associated IE have increased as a consequence of medical progress. The prevention strategies have been subjected to an important debate and nonspecific ...
Josephson Colin B CB Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, 12th Floor, Foothills Medical Centre, 1403-29 Street NW, Calgary, AB, Canada, T2N - - 2014
Intracranial vascular malformations (brain or pial/dural arteriovenous malformations/fistulae, and aneurysms) are the leading cause of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in young adults. Early identification of the intracranial vascular malformation may improve outcome if treatment can prevent ICH recurrence. Catheter intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (IADSA) is considered the reference standard for the ...
Meraj Seema S Department of Radiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New - - 2014
A variety of fluid and fluid-like containing structures can be seen on routine MR imaging of the shoulder including bursal effusions and cystic lesions often in association with rotator cuff tears and impingement. Given its high soft tissue contrast and multiplanar imaging capabilities, MR imaging is the modality of choice ...
Park Giyoung G Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
Conventional ultrasonography or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is commonly performed to obtain information about the severity of the disease, location of the injury, and differential diagnosis. The aim of this research was to investigate the diagnostic confidence of sonoelastography as an adjunct to greyscale ultrasonography in lateral elbow tendinopathy. A ...
Mihindu Esther E Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine-Jacksonville, Jacksonville, Florida, - - 2014
Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) guidelines have a near 100 per cent negative predictive value for clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) in children with mild head injury (Glasgow Coma Score [GCS] 14 or 15). Our goal was to retrospectively apply their criteria to our database to determine ...
Calder Alistair D AD Radiology Department, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, Great Ormond Street, London, WC1N 3JH, UK, - - 2014
Despite advances in antenatal imaging and genetic techniques, post-delivery post-mortem foetal radiography remains the key investigation in accurate diagnosis of skeletal dysplasia manifesting in the foetus. Foetal radiography is best performed using pathology-specimen radiography equipment and is often carried out in the pathology department without involvement of the radiology unit. ...
Gans Itai I The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Division of Orthopaedics, 34th and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, - - 2014
Diagnosis of intra-articular lesions in children based on clinical examination and MRI is particularly challenging. To evaluate the diagnostic performance of MRI and pre-surgical evaluation of the knee in pediatric patients relative to arthroscopic evaluation as the gold standard. We report diagnoses frequently missed or inaccurately diagnosed pre-operatively. We conducted ...
Bronstein Matthew E ME Division of Pediatric Surgery, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York, United - - 2014
Purpose Ovarian torsion (OT) is a true surgical emergency that requires prompt diagnosis and therapy. There are conflicting reports on the accuracy of different imaging modalities for OT. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis of all the published studies on B-mode ultrasound (US, morphological criteria), Doppler US (DUS, flow criteria), ...
Cao Wei W Brain Imaging and Analysis Center, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States; Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Prenatal alcohol exposure can result in long-term cognitive and behavioral deficits. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) refers to a range of permanent birth defects caused by prenatal alcohol exposure, and is the most common neurodevelopmental disorder in the US. Studies by autopsy and conventional structural MRI indicate that the midline ...
Biegon Anat A Anat Biegon, Department of Neurology and Radiology, School of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-2565, United - - 2014
Application of modern magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques to the live fetus in utero is a relatively recent endeavor. The relative advantages and disadvantages of clinical MRI relative to the widely used and accepted ultrasonographic approach are the subject of a continuing debate; however the focus of this review is ...
Yoo Sylvia H SH Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
A patient was found to have a metallic foreign body in the left anterior orbit on CT imaging, but the foreign body was not evident on clinical examination. On high-resolution ultrasonography, an object was identified in the left upper eyelid; however, the typical shadow with metallic foreign bodies was not ...
Paruthikunnan Samir S Department of Radio-diagnosis and Imaging, Kasturba Medical College and Hospital, Manipal University, Manipal, 576104, Karnataka, India, - - 2014
Toxoplasmosis is a ubiquitous protozoal infection that during pregnancy commonly affects the fetus severely, with maternal infection usually being mild self-limiting. Disseminated toxoplasmosis in a healthy pregnant woman has, to the best of our knowledge, not been reported before. We present a case of disseminated toxoplasmosis involving pulmonary, central nervous ...
Dong Su-Zhen SZ Department of Radiology, Shanghai Children's Medical Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1678 Dongfang Rd, Shanghai, 200127, - - 2014
Fetal echocardiography is the imaging modality of choice for prenatal diagnosis of congenital cardiovascular anomalies. However, echocardiography has limitations. Fetal cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to complement US in detecting congenital cardiovascular anomalies. This article draws on our experience; it describes the transverse aortic arch view on ...
Shikha Deep D Department of Endocrinology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Objective: To present a case of gestational thyrotoxicosis and hyperemesis gravidarum associated with Wernicke's encephalopathy.Methods: We present a detailed case report with the clinical, imaging and laboratory findings of the patient and review the pertinent literature.Case presentation: A 36 year old woman, at 14 weeks of gestation, was admitted to ...
Pinto Fabio F Department of Diagnostic Radiological Imaging, Marcianise Hospital, ASL Caserta, CE, Italy, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) still represents the preferred imaging method in the assessment of patients presenting with multiple trauma. Nevertheless, in patients with low-energy abdominal trauma, the use of CT is debated because of the possible unnecessary radiation exposure. Accordingly, conventional ultrasound (US) imaging has been increasingly employed as the initial ...
Miller Joseph J Department of Imaging, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Occult hernias are symptomatic but not palpable on physical examination. This is more commonly seen with inguinal hernias. Early diagnosis and treatment of occult hernias are essential in relieving symptoms and improving patients' quality of life. To determine the effectiveness of imaging-ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging ...
Stidd D A DA From the Departments of Neurosurgery (D.A.S., R.M., M.C., D.K.L.), Internal Medicine (Y.D., Y.L.), and Radiology (M.D.J.), Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois; and Siemens Healthcare Sector (B.S., C.R., H.T.), Erlangen, - - 2014
Flat panel detector CT images are degraded by streak artifacts caused by radiodense implanted materials such as coils or clips. A new metal artifacts reduction prototype algorithm has been used to minimize these artifacts. The application of this new metal artifacts reduction algorithm was evaluated for flat panel detector CT ...
Singh V K VK Peripheral Nerve Injury Unit, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital Stanmore, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, United - - 2014
PURPOSE. To evaluate the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). METHODS. Medical records of 30 women and 10 men aged 18 to 68 (mean, 38) years who presented with unilateral (n=35) and bilateral (n=5) TOS and underwent 42 surgical decompressions of the right (n=23) ...
Korim Muhammad M University Hospitals Leicester, Gwendolen Road, Leicester LE5 4PW, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Foot and ankle tuberculosis (TB) is a rare presentation of skeletal TB. The uncommon site along with low index of clinical suspicion in the western world leads to delays in the diagnosis and treatment. This can make joint sparing procedures less successful, especially in the midfoot where the joints can ...
Pizzoferrato Anne-Cécile AC Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Intercommunal Hospital Center of Poissy-Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Poissy, France; Research Unit EA7285, Risk and Safety in Clinical Medicine for Women and Perinatal Health, Université Versailles St-Quentin, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pelvic Floor Disorders (PFD) are a major public health problem in the world and decrease seriously the patient's quality of life. In case of recurrence after surgery or complex prolapse, imaging techniques can be used. Dynamic MRI, introduced in the early 1990s, offers information of the four compartments of the ...
K S Sunil Kumar SK Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Sattur , Dharwad, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Foetal lymphangiomas are found to frequently occur at the nuchal region. We are reporting a case of a foetal lypmhangioma which involved the abdominal wall and right lower extremity, which was diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography at 27 weeks of gestation. Prenatal ultrasound, along with Doppler, provided reliable information regarding the ...
García-Elorriaga Guadalupe G Unidad de Investigación Médica en Inmunología e Infectología, Hospital de Infectología, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza (CMNR), Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), Mexico City, Mexico (Medical Research Unit in Immunology and Infectious Disease, Hospital for Infectious Disease, "La Raza"National Medical Center (CMNR), Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), Mexico City, - - 2014
To assess the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in serum samples, in the diagnosis of osteoarticular tuberculosis (OTB) in a setting where only clinical and imaging diagnoses determine the treatment. A total of 44 consecutive serum specimens were collected from clinically suspected OTB patients, based on clinical and radiological ...
KÅ™iklavová Lucie L Institute for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technology and Innovation, Technical University of Liberec, Studentská 2, 461 17 Liberec 1, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of short-term repeated exposure to a static magnetic field (induction 370mT) on the Rhodococcus erythropolis cells. Specifically, it was ascertained the magnetic field's potential to influence degradation of a phenol substrate, cell growth and respiration activity (oxygen consumption) during substrate ...
Wang Anna M AM Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging and Signal Processing, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China; Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
To investigate whether diffusion magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can detect the extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation during intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) by the increased mobility of ECM macromolecules such as proteoglycans and collagens. Fresh bovine intervertebral discs were injected with papain solution to induce ECM degradation. The apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs), ...
Thakkar Rashmi S RS The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiology Science; Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, United - - 2014
When pain or disability occurs after rotator cuff surgery, post-operative imaging is frequently performed. Post-operative complications and expected post-operative imaging findings in the shoulder are presented, with a focus on magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance arthrography, and computed tomography arthrography. Magnetic resonance and computed tomography techniques are available to reduce ...
Egger Christine C Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Analytical Sciences and Imaging, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Biocenter, Basel, - - 2014
To assess whether hyaluronic acid, a building block of proteoglycans and extracellular matrix with hydrophilic characteristics, might contribute to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected proton signals elicited by bleomycin in the lung. To this end, hyaluronidase, which degrades hyaluronic acid, was administered to bleomycin-challenged animals. Fibrosis was induced by oropharyngeal aspiration ...
Kuo Hsiang-Chi HC Department of Radiation Oncology, Bronx, NY, - - 2014
To evaluate the variations of multi-lumen balloon (MLB)-based brachytherapy from simulation day to treatment day and their dosimetric impacts during accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI). A total of 42 CT images scanned from seven patients were evaluated with regards to daily variation due to of: 1) internal uncertainty: size and ...
Ye Fei F Division of Experimental Cancer Medicine, Department of Laboratory Medicine (LABMED), Karolinska Institutet, SE-141 86 Stockholm, - - 2014
We have developed biodegradable polymeric vesicles as a nanocarrier system for multimodal bio-imaging and anticancer drug delivery. The poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) vesicles were fabricated by encapsulating inorganic imaging agents of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION), manganese-doped zinc sulfide (Mn:ZnS) quantum dots (QDs) and the anticancer drug busulfan into PLGA nanoparticles ...
Bae Sungjun - - 2014
Experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of riboflavin on the reactivity of nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) during three reaction cycles of carbon tetrachloride (CT) degradation. The degradation kinetics of CT by NZVI without riboflavin (0.556 ± 0.044 h-1) was 1.5 times higher than that with riboflavin (0.370 ± 0.012 ...
Suzuki Akira A Diagnostic Imaging Center, Japanese Red Cross Sendai Hospital, Miyagi, - - 2014
CT-based attenuation correction (CTAC) of myocardial SPECT images has been becoming more popular-and the application of SPECT/CT increasing-because it prevents attenuation-induced image degradation. However, CTAC can be affected by overestimation of counts caused by metals. It is possible that pacemaker, left ventricle (LV), and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads have an ...
Narisawa Ayumi A Departments of - - 2014
The authors report on a 49-year-old man with a thoracic spinal dural arteriovenous shunt (dAVS) in which rupture of a varix caused intramedullary hemorrhage. In the literature, patients with a thoracic dAVS predominantly present with congestive myelopathy; however, the patient featured in this report presented without increased deep tendon reflexes ...
Goode Kevin M - - 2014
Abstract Background: The in vitro stability of a biomarker can determine whether it should be used in clinical practice where long delays between sampling and assay are common. We measured the in vitro stability of five novel biomarkers that are being evaluated for their diagnostic and/or prognostic utility in patients ...
Li Zhoubo Z Department of Physiology and Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota - - 2014
Purpose: To develop and evaluate an image-domain noise reduction method based on a modified nonlocal means (NLM) algorithm that is adaptive to local noise level of CT images and to implement this method in a time frame consistent with clinical workflow.Methods: A computationally efficient technique for local noise estimation directly ...
Landaluce Hugo H Deusto Institute of Technology (DeustoTech), University of Deusto, Bilbao 48007, Spain. - - 2014
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology faces the problem of message collisions. The coexistence of tags sharing the communication channel degrades bandwidth, and increases the number of bits transmitted. The window methodology, which controls the number of bits transmitted by the tags, is applied to the collision tree (CT) protocol to ...
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