Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 966
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Pezzilli Raffaele R Raffaele Pezzilli, Department of Digestive Diseases and Internal Medicine, Sant'Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, 40138 Bologna, - - 2014
The accumulation of fat in the pancreatic gland has been referred to using various synonyms, such as pancreatic lipomatosis, fatty replacement, fatty infiltration, fatty pancreas, lipomatous pseudohypertrophy, non-alcoholic fatty pancreatic disease and pancreatic steatosis We believe that pancreatic steatosis is the best description of fat accumulation in the pancreatic gland ...
Bialer Omer Y OY Departments of *Ophthalmology, †Radiology and Imaging Sciences, ‡Neurology, and §Neurological Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, - - 2014
An 88-year-old woman with a blind painful OS underwent a retrobulbar alcohol injection. Nine months following the procedure, she was evaluated in the clinic for discomfort surrounding her left brow and forehead and was found to have dysesthesia in the left V1 nerve distribution. There was no evidence of orbital ...
Bora Aydın A Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiodiagnosis, Yuzuncu Yıl University, 65080, Van, Turkey, - - 2014
In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of non-alcoholic hepatic steatosis on the liver volume. As investigating hepatic steatosis, we utilized computed tomography (CT) to determine the degree of steatosis and we utilized hepatobiliary ultrasonography (USG) for densitometry and correlation. As hepatosteatosis group, 35 patients over 18 years of ...
Domínguez-Muñoz J E - - 2014
Background and objective: No nation-wide epidemiological study on the incidence and prevalence of chronic pancreatitis (CP) had been thus far carried out in Spain. Our goal is to estimate the prevalence and incidence of CP, as well as to determine the diagnostic and therapeutic criteria used in Spanish pancreas units.Methods: ...
Segobin Shailendra H SH INSERM-EPHE-Université de Caen de Basse-Normandie , UMR-S1077, Caen, - - 2014
Chronic alcohol consumption results in brain damage potentially reversible with abstinence. It is however difficult to gauge the degree of recovery of brain tissues with abstinence since changes are subtle and a significant portion of patients relapse. State-of-the-art morphometric methods are increasingly used in neuroimaging studies to detect subtle brain ...
Doherty J J Department of Surgery, Sligo Regional Hospital, Sligo, - - 2014
Our patient is a 19-year-old man who presented to the emergency department after consuming 50-60 units of alcohol over a weekend. He presented with a 2-day history of right-upper quadrant (RUQ) and epigastric pain radiating to the back. On examination he was haemodynamically stable. His abdomen was soft with minimal ...
Manzo Gaetana G Department of Biomorphological and Functional Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II," Via Sergio Pansini 5, 80131 Naples, - - 2014
Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a severe neurological syndrome caused by thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency and clinically characterized by the sudden onset of mental status changes, ocular abnormalities, and ataxia. Apart from chronic alcoholism, the most common cause of WE, a lot of other conditions causing malnutrition and decreasing thiamine absorption ...
Rajaprakash Meghna M Neurosciences and Mental Health Research Program, The Hospital for Sick Children Toronto, Ontario, Canada ; Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
It is well established that individuals exposed to alcohol in utero have reduced cortical grey matter volumes. However, the candidate determinants of these reductions, cortical thickness (CT) and surface area (SA), have not been investigated exclusively in alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND), the most prevalent fetal alcohol spectrum disorder subgroup that ...
Abrigo Jill M - - 2013
Liver biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) but with practical constraints. Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) allows in vivo assessment of hepatocellular metabolism and has shown potential for biochemical differentiation in diffuse liver disease. Our aims were to describe spectroscopic signatures in biopsy-proven NAFLD ...
Becker Annalisa K - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary tumour of the liver, responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the Western world, it primarily affects patients with cirrhosis, secondary to hepatitis C virus and alcoholism. In the rest of the world, HCC is closely associated with hepatitis B virus ...
Ligabue Guido - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by hepatic steatosis as the earliest manifestation and hallmark, and ranges from benign fatty liver to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Liver biopsy (LB) is considered the reference standard for NAFLD diagnosis, grading and characterization, but it is limited by its invasiveness and observer-dependence. Among ...
Dujmović Irena - - 2013
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a noninflammatory, demyelinating lesion usually localised in the basis pontis. Chronic alcoholism is frequently associated with this condition which may have a variable clinical outcome. Until now, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) follow-up in alcoholic CPM cases after alcohol withdrawal has been rarely described. We ...
Kubo Hitoshi - - 2013
Purpose: Our purposes were to establish suitable conditions for proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to measure dynamic changes in alcohol concentration in the human brain, to evaluate these changes, and to compare the findings with data from analysis of breath vapor and blood samples. Materials and Methods: We evaluated 4 ...
Raman Siva P SP Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, JHOC 3251, 601 N Caroline St, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2013
Groove pancreatitis is a rare form of chronic pancreatitis affecting the "groove" between the pancreatic head, duodenum, and common bile duct. The exact cause is unknown, although there are strong associations with long-term alcohol abuse, functional obstruction of the duct of Santorini, and Brunner gland hyperplasia. Unfortunately, differentiating groove pancreatitis ...
Blachier Martin - - 2013
Objective. To assess whether factors such as inflammation by laboratory tests and MRI differ between early axial SpA with and without radiographic lesions.Methods. Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from Devenir des Spondylarthropathies Indifferenciées Récentes (DESIR) cohort patients having recent-onset inflammatory back pain and meeting Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society criteria. ...
Tartara Elena - - 2013
There have been several reports of disulfiram intoxication, but little evidence of neurologic conditions resulting from disulfiram-induced brain damage combined with Wernicke encephalopathy-associated lesions. We report a rare patient with both Wernicke encephalopathy and disulfiram intoxication. This 50-year-old woman, who was taking disulfiram for chronic alcohol abuse, presented with an ...
Batton Kyle - - 2013
This is a report of a 58-year-old man with severe hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy who underwent alcohol septal ablation to relieve symptoms due to severe left ventricular outflow obstruction. Cardiac magnetic resonance was performed before and after the procedure. This case highlights the potential use of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in ...
Kotha V K - - 2013
Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) due to causes other than chronic alcohol abuse is an uncommon and often misdiagnosed condition. In the setting of hyperemesis gravidarum, an acute deficiency of thiamine results from body stores being unable to meet increased metabolic demands. The condition produces typical clinical and radiological findings and when ...
Beeman Scott C - - 2013
PURPOSE: The goal of this work was to detect disease-related microstructural changes to the liver using magnetic resonance imaging. Chronic liver disease can cause microstructural changes in the liver that reduce plasma access to the perisinusoidal space-the site of exchange between the blood plasma and the hepatic parenchyma. The reduced ...
Nirei Kazushige - - 2013
This report describes a case of liver failure secondary to pancreatoduodenectomy and rapid recovery following treatment. A 68-year-old woman with cancer on the ampulla of Vater underwent surgery for pancreatoduodenectomy. The patient developed liver failure 3 months postsurgically. She was hospitalized after presenting with jaundice, hypoalbuminemia and decreased serum zinc. ...
Malhotra Konark - - 2013
Central pontine myelinolysis is a demyelinating disorder that arises due to osmolar disturbances in the cerebral microenvironment characterised by loss of the myelin sheath of neurons. The diffusion-weighting imaging sequence of MRI is the most sensitive diagnostic imaging modality for myelinolysis. The rapid correction of hyponatraemia by >20-25 mmol/L/48 h ...
Blasco-Perrin H - - 2013
Acute pancreatitis is a sudden swelling and inflammation of the pancreas. The two most common causes are alcohol use and biliary stones. Drug-induced acute pancreatitis are rare (1.4-2%). In this present study, we present a case of recurrent acute pancreatitis induced by a specific magnetic-resonance-imaging (MRI) contrast agent called gadobenate ...
Bensamoun Sabine F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Due to the lack of cutoff values validated for specific liver diseases, the purpose of this study was to set up specific magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) cutoff values for asymptomatic liver fibrosis in alcoholic patients. METHODS: Ninety patients underwent 3 clinical exams. The liver stiffness was measured locally with ...
Kimura Hiroshi - - 2012
A 79-year-old man with chronic renal failure developed general fatigue and loss of appetite. He was diagnosed with endstage renal disease and was started on hemodialysis (HD). The symptoms improved immediately, but the mental status deteriorated gradually, reaching Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 5. Computed tomography showed no significant intracranial lesion, ...
Peterson P Gabriel PG Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD 20889-5600, - - 2012
This study aims to evaluate the utility of compressed computed tomography (CT) studies (to expedite transmission) using Motion Pictures Experts Group, Layer 4 (MPEG-4) movie formatting in combat hospitals when guiding major treatment regimens. This retrospective analysis was approved by Walter Reed Army Medical Center institutional review board with a ...
Lee Garett G W - - 2012
The addition of a magnetic composite membrane to a traditional nickel electrocatalyst was employed to increase the methanol and n-butanol electrocatalysis in alkaline media.
Mon A A Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. - - 2013
Neuroimaging studies have linked the methionine (Met) allele of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene to abnormal regional brain volumes in several psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases. However, no neuroimaging studies assessed the effects of this allele on brain morphology in alcohol use disorders and its demonstrated change during abstinence from ...
Roudsari Bahman - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the burden of alcohol-related injuries on a radiology department at a level 1 trauma center. We linked the trauma registry (2005-2009) of Harborview Medical Center to billing department data and extracted patient demographic and injury-related characteristics and the radiology services provided. Multivariate ...
Langosch Jens M - - 2012
Alcohol cue-induced brain activation has been studied extensively in alcoholics. However, little is known about the impact of standard treatment protocols on this phenomenon. The current study aimed at investigating the impact of the anticraving substance acamprosate on alcohol cue-related brain activity. Patients underwent a functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation ...
Elefante Andrea - - 2012
AIM: Acute Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a severe neurological disorder caused by thiamine deficiency, most commonly found in chronic alcoholics. It is not so easy to suspect acute WE when the clinical picture does not include all the typical symptoms and alcohol abuse is not reported. Three rare cases of ...
Kibby Thomas - - 2013
Traditional teaching has held that horizontal-gaze nystagmus is a sign of intoxication by sedatives such as alcohol but not marijuana. This is a case report of an adult male who presents with 3 days of visual disturbance and dizziness following marijuana use. The exam was notable for gaze-evoked nystagmus and ...
Förster A - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) and extrapontine myelinolysis (EPM) are rare neurological disorders characterized by demyelination in and/or outside the pons. Whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) might facilitate an earlier diagnosis has not yet been studied systematically. METHODS: We describe demographics, clinical presentation, and early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings with ...
Matsushita Hisashi - - 2012
Magnetic resonance imaging provides important intravital information on deep tissues that cannot be visualized by other methods. Although we had previously developed an off/on switching (19) F MRI probe to monitor reporter enzyme activity on the basis of the paramagnetic relaxation enhancement effect, it was difficult to monitor biological events ...
Hamed Abbi - - 2012
Minimally invasive surgery is a widely used medical technique, one of the drawbacks of which is the loss of direct sense of touch during the operation. Palpation is the use of fingertips to explore and make fast assessments of tissue morphology. Although technologies are developed to equip minimally invasive surgery ...
Chung Kevin C - - 2012
In 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommended screening of all women with silicone gel breast implants with magnetic resonance imaging 3 years after implantation and every 2 years thereafter to assess their integrity. The cost for these serial examinations over the lifetime of the breast implants is an ...
Bouvier J - - 2012
High-field 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has entered standard clinical practice over the past decade, and its advantages have already been suggested in areas such as neural, musculoskeletal, pelvic and angiographic imaging. However, high-field systems still pose challenges in terms of their specific absorption rate (SAR) and radiofrequency (RF) excitation ...
Wardlaw Joanna M JM Scottish Imaging Network, A Platform for Scientific Excellence Collaboration, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2012
MRI at 3 T is said to be more accurate than 1.5 T MR, but costs and other practical differences mean that it is unclear which to use. We systematically reviewed studies comparing diagnostic accuracy at 3 T with 1.5 T. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and other sources from 1 January 2000 to 22 ...
Collins Evan D - - 2012
This investigation examines the reliability and reproducibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology in evaluating the anterior oblique ligament (AOL) of the trapeziometacarpal joint (TMC) of the thumb, in order to establish an effective imaging protocol to use in the early identification of conditions leading to degenerative arthritis. We used ...
Disciacca J - - 2012
The proton magnetic moment in nuclear magnetons is measured to be μ_{p}/μ_{N}≡g/2=2.792 846±0.000 007, a 2.5 parts per million uncertainty. The direct determination, using a single proton in a Penning trap, demonstrates the first method that should work as well with an antiproton (p[over ¯]) as with a proton (p). This opens ...
Moerman Kevin M - - 2012
Purpose: Typically spatial modulation of the magnetization (SPAMM) tagged magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) requires many repeated motion cycles limiting the applicability to highly repeatable tissue motions only. This paper describes the validation of a novel SPAMM tagged MRI and post-processing framework for the measurement of complex and dynamic 3D soft ...
de Montferrand Caroline - - 2012
The MIAplex® device is a miniaturized detector, devoted to the high sensitive detection of superparamagnetic nanoprobes for multiparametric immunoassays. It measures a signal corresponding to the second derivative of the magnetization around zero field. Like any new technology, the real success of the MIAplex® detector can only be exploited through ...
Tani Joji - - 2013
A 64-year-old Japanese woman with a history of bronchiectasis presented with multiple hypervascular nodules in both lobes of the liver without hepatitis B or C virus infection. Imaging studies, including ultrasound, contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, showed hypervascularity in the early phase. Histologically, no lipid degeneration was observed; ...
Stephens Jason R - - 2012
Despite the large body of literature describing the synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles, few analytical tools are commonly used for their purification and analysis. Due to their unique physical and chemical properties, magnetic nanoparticles are appealing candidates for biomedical applications and analytical separations. Yet in the absence of methods for assessing ...
Moorrees J - - 2012
Organ motion is a substantial concern in the treatment of thoracic tumours using radiotherapy. A number of technologies have evolved in order to address this both during computed tomography (CT) imaging and radiation delivery. This review paper investigates the various technologies which have been developed in the field of CT ...
Kong L M - - 2012
DTI can provide information about brain ultrastructure by quantifying water diffusion. Our objective was to assess the value of DTI in detecting the acute effects of alcohol on healthy human brains. Sixteen healthy volunteers were studied with conventional MR imaging and DTI before and 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 hours ...
Baker W J - - 2012
Magnetic field sensors based on organic thin-film materials have attracted considerable interest in recent years as they can be manufactured at very low cost and on flexible substrates. However, the technological relevance of such magnetoresistive sensors is limited owing to their narrow magnetic field ranges (∼30 mT) and the continuous ...
Safari Mohammad Reza - - 2012
Lower limb prosthetic socket shape and volume consistency can be quantified using MRI technology. Additionally, MRI images of the residual limb could be used as an input data for CAD-CAM technology and finite element studies. However, the accuracy of MRI when socket casting materials are used has to be defined. ...
Walker Carolina C Department of Infection, Institute for Lung Health, Immunity & Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2012
Asthma is a global burden, affecting 5% of the general adult population, of whom approximately 5-10% suffer from severe asthma. Severe asthma is a complex heterogeneous disease entity, with high morbidity and mortality. Increasingly novel techniques in computed tomography (CT) are being used to understand the pathophysiology of severe asthma. ...
Pietryga J A - - 2011
SUMMARY:We report a case of a thermal burn that occurred during MR imaging likely caused by invisible silver-embedded microfibers in the fabric of an undershirt. As the prevalence of fabric containing nondetectable metallic microfiber increases in athletic and "tech" clothing, the importance of having patients change into safe facility-provided garments ...
George Richard T - - 2012
Coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) is a reliable diagnostic test for the anatomic diagnosis of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Although coronary CTA shows high sensitivity and negative predictive value for detecting stenosis greater than or equal to 50% diameter, it is limited in its ability to diagnose myocardial ischemia. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >