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Sekine Hitomi - - 2014
Acute focal bacterial nephritis (AFBN) is a localized bacterial infection of the kidney presenting as an inflammatory mass without frank abscess formation. We report a case of acute focal bacterial nephritis without pyuria in a five-month-old boy presenting with high urinary β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) and N-Acetyl-β-(D)-Glucosaminidase (NAG) levels. The infant initially ...
Lin Tai-Chi TC Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) is known to be the first-line imaging method for patients with or suspect to have intraocular foreign bodies (IOFBs). The purpose of this study is to evaluate clinical outcomes in the management of IOFBs with the aid of CT. Retrospective chart review of patients who received orbital ...
Bocan Thomas M TM Molecular and Translational Sciences, US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID), 1425 Porter Street, Ft. Detrick, MD, 21702, USA, - - 2014
While preclinical and clinical imaging have been applied to drug discovery/development and characterization of disease pathology, few examples exist where imaging has been used to evaluate infectious agents or countermeasures to biosafety level (BSL)3/4 threat agents. Viruses engineered with reporter constructs, i.e., enzymes and receptors, which are amenable to detection ...
Tan Yeying Y PET-CT Center, The Affiliated School of Clinical Medicine of Xuzhou Medical College, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221009, P.R. - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the tumour specificity of the newly developed nucleoside metabolic positron emission tomography (PET) tracer, 3'-deoxy-3'-(18)F-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT). Using (18)F-FLT PET imaging, DNA synthesis and cell proliferation were detected in Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) abscess and calcium sulphate models in Wister rabbits. A ...
Roderick Marion M Department of Paediatric Rheumatology, Bristol Royal Hospital for Children and School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the efficacy of pamidronate therapy on disease activity in children with chronic non-bacterial osteitis (CNO) using whole body MRI (WB-MRI). Clinical assessment and WB-MRI were obtained in 11 children before and after 1 year of pamidronate therapy using a 1.5 T MRI ...
Marmura Michael J MJ Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Jefferson Headache Center, 900 Walnut Street, Suite 2000, Philadelphia, PA 19107, - - 2014
Headache and rhinosinusitis are 2 of the most common conditions seen in clinical practice. In general, chronic and disabling headaches, especially if migraine features are present, are not due to sinus abnormalities. In suspected cases of bacterial sinusitis, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are both effective in demonstrating the ...
Temme James B - - 2014
All healthcare team members are responsible for delivering quality patient care and decreasing incidence of healthcare associated infections (HAIs). This study sought to determine whether MR imaging equipment harbored pathogens that could lead to HAIs. Surface surveillance bacterial cultures were obtained from 8 MR units in Nebraska hospitals. Cultures were ...
Kumar Monica P MP Department of Emergency Medicine, Antelope Valley Hospital, Lancaster, - - 2014
Pyomyositis is a bacterial infection of skeletal muscle that often results in deep intramuscular abscesses. The absence of external dermatologic manifestations in the early stages of pyomyositis makes this a challenging diagnosis. In addition, physical examination findings can be difficult to distinguish from more common processes, such as soft-tissue cellulitis. ...
Oh Young Taek YT Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea, Republic - - 2014
As a facultative anaerobe, Vibrio cholerae can grow by anaerobic respiration. Production of cholera toxin (CT), a major virulence factor of V. cholerae, is highly promoted during anaerobic growth using trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) as an alternative electron acceptor. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of TMAO-stimulated CT production and uncovered ...
Villar-Taibo Rocío R Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Complejo Asistencial Universitario de León, León, - - 2014
Pituitary apoplexy is a rare but potentially life-threatening clinical syndrome characterized by ischemic infarction or hemorrhage into a pituitary tumor. The diagnosis of pituitary tumor apoplexy is frequently complicated because of the nonspecific nature of its signs and symptoms, which can mimic different neurological processes, including meningitis. Several factors have ...
Theron Grant G Lung Infection and Immunity Unit, Division of Pulmonology & UCT Lung Institute, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2014
The determinants of Xpert MTB/RIF sensitivity, a widely used PCR test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) are poorly understood. We compared culture time-to-positivity (TTP; a surrogate of bacterial load), MTB/RIF TB-specific and internal positive control (IPC)-specific CT values, and clinical characteristics in patients with suspected TB who provided expectorated ...
Lee Sheen-Woo - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. Candida spondylitis is relatively uncommon and is usually encountered as an opportunistic infection. We analyzed the MRI characteristics of biopsy-proven cases of Candida spondylitis, and compared the findings with bacterial or tuberculous spondylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The study included patients with infectious spondylitis who underwent MRI and biopsy from ...
Takeuchi Mayumi - - 2013
It is important to make a rapid diagnosis to provide appropriate treatment, however, specific diagnosis of causative organisms of pelvic abscesses on conventional MR imaging is difficult. MR spectroscopy provides metabolic information noninvasively, and has the potential to characterize etiology of the abscesses. The presence of acetate (Ac) peak with ...
Amara Bouchra B Department of Pneumology, University Hospital of Fez, Fez, - - 2013
Pneumorrhachis is the presence of air in the spinal canal; mostly, it has an iatrogenic origin. The association of this entity with spontaneous pneumomediastinum without any pneumothorax is rarely reported in the literature. The spontaneous resorption is the usual evolution. The association to acute transverse myelitis is discussed by the ...
Lacoma Alicia - - 2013
To assess the correlation of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), neopterin, mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP), and mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) with severity risk scores: severe CAP (SCAP) and SMART-COP in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), as well as short term prognosis and to determine the correlation with mortality risk scores. ...
Anilkumar Mehra - - 2013
Patent ductus arteriosus in adults is usually an isolated lesion with a small to moderate degree of shunt, as a larger shunt becomes symptomatic earlier in childhood. The classic murmur of patent ductus arteriosus may be the first clue to its presence, or it may be detected accidently by transthoracic ...
Zhang Guohua - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the major bacteria in Chinese traditional sourdough (CTS). Five CTS samples (Hn-87, Sx-91, Gs-107, Hf-112, and Hr-122) were collected from different Chinese steamed breads shops or private households. The total bacterial DNA was extracted from sourdough samples and sequenced using Illumina Hiseq ...
Glimåker Martin - - 2013
Current international guidelines recommend cerebral computerized tomography (CT) before lumbar puncture (LP) in many adults with suspected acute bacterial meningitis (ABM), due to concern about LP-induced cerebral herniation. Despite guideline emphasis on early treatment based on symptoms, performing CT prior to LP implies a risk of delayed ABM treatment, which ...
Wang Jing - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To perform a retrospective comparison of the clinical and radiological features of Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP)-associated and non-KP-associated pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) in Chinese patients. METHODS: Patients with confirmed diagnoses of bacterial liver abscess at three Beijing hospitals were enrolled. Clinical isolates from liver abscesses were used to determine serology ...
Hoerr Verena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Different non-invasive real-time imaging techniques have been developed over the last decades to study bacterial pathogenic mechanisms in mouse models by following infections over time course. In vivo investigations of bacterial infections previously relied mostly on bioluminescence imaging (BLI), which is able to localize metabolically active bacteria, but provides ...
Sakaguchi Shoutaro - - 2013
Prokaryotic organelles called magnetosomes allow magnetotactic bacteria to navigate along geomagnetic field lines. In this study, we modified a swimming assay commonly used to assess bacterial motility to develop a new method of assessing magnetotactic motility. By this method, the swimming assay was performed in an artificial magnetic field. Magnetotactic ...
Bowlt K L - - 2013
Necrotising fasciitis is a rapidly progressive, aggressive bacterial infection of the subcutis associated with significant morbidity and mortality in both man and domestic animals. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first veterinary report of magnetic resonance imaging findings in necrotising fasciitis, and the first reported case in ...
Chalela Julio A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The "white cerebellum" sign is a rare imaging finding described mainly in children with hypoxic brain injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single case report and review of the literature. FINDINGS: We describe a child with acute bacterial meningitis in whom plain CT and MRI showed the white cerebellum sign. The ...
Del Rosal Teresa - - 2013
The role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in the diagnosis and follow-up of infectious diseases has expanded recently. The aim of this report is to communicate our experience regarding its role in the diagnosis and management of occult bacterial infections in children. We present three pediatric patients ...
Himeno Takahiro - - 2013
A 39-year-old man was suffered from bacterial meningitis spread from sphenoid sinusitis. During the first several days of the hospitalization, his clinical and laboratory findings were improved by the antibiotics. But he developed impaired consciousness and paraparesis on the sixth hospital day. A CT scan of the brain revealed pneumocephalus ...
Nadkarni Rohan R Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2013
Magnetotactic bacteria possess organelles called magnetosomes that confer a magnetic moment on the cells, resulting in their partial alignment with external magnetic fields. Here we show that analysis of the trajectories of cells exposed to an external magnetic field can be used to measure the average magnetic dipole moment of ...
Han Ji-Yeon - - 2013
Thoracic actinomycosis is an uncommon, chronic suppurative bacterial infection caused by actinomyces species, especially Actinomyces israelii. It is usually seen in immunocompetent patients with respiratory disorders, poor oral hygiene, alcoholism and chronic debilitating diseases. We illustrate the radiological manifestations of thoracic actinomycoses in various involved areas in the thorax. Thoracic ...
Gharib Behdad - - 2012
Recurrent bacterial meningitis is not a common disease and makes physicians seek underlying predisposing factors which can result from anatomic anomalies or immunodeficiency. In this paper we present a boy with recurrent bacterial meningitis with the history of trauma and sensorineural hearing loss. Mondini dysplasia was demonstrated with computed homographic ...
Focke N K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The structural basis of cognitive sequelae after bacterial meningitis in humans is still poorly understood. In animal models and human autopsy cases, neuronal apoptosis of the hippocampal formation in particular seems to play an important role. Here, we aimed to analyze if BM entails MR imaging structural consequences ...
Raveendran Sreejith - - 2013
Extremophilic bacterial polysaccharide based biocompatible nanofibers were produced for the first time via electrospinning technique. Mauran (MR), an extremophilic sulfated exopolysaccharide was extracted from moderately halophilic bacterium, Halomonas maura and characterized for the application of nanofiber synthesis. Thin-uniform MR nanofibers were produced using homogenous solutions of poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) ...
Raveendran Sreejith - - 2013
Introduction of a novel biocompatible, stable, biomaterial for drug delivery application remains always challenging. In the present study, we report the synthesis of an extremophilic bacterial sulfated polysaccharide based nanoparticle as a stable biocompatible material for drug delivery, evaluation of anticancer efficacy and bioimaging. Mauran (MR), the sulfated exopolysaccharide extracted ...
Mirjalili S Ali - - 2012
Anatomical planes used in clinical practice and teaching anatomy are largely derived from cadaver studies. Numerous inconsistencies in clinically important surface markings exist between and within anatomical reference texts. The aim of this study was to reassess the accuracy of common anatomical planes in vivo using computed tomographic (CT) imaging. ...
Geyer A - - 2012
Purpose: To assist in the rapid reporting of patient organ doses, researchers at the University of Florida and the National Cancer Institute have developed a family of computational hybrid phantoms, constructed from NURBS and polygon mesh surfaces, that fully represent the ICRP 89 50th percentile reference newborn, 1-year-old, 5-year-old, 10-year-old, ...
Madrid-González O A - - 2012
This paper presents results of equivalent dose organ determining to both primary beam and scattered radiation in a computed tomography (CT) procedures. All measurements were carried out to abdomen and critical organ (gonads) area. Selected dosimeters showed a standard deviation of 4.1% below to the reference values established by international ...
Bedford Paul J - - 2012
CT scanning is an intrinsic component of the workup of all admissions to the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine. Using a new system of preliminary examination a decision is made by the coroner as to whether or not an autopsy should occur following consultation with a forensic pathologist. This study ...
Morisawa Nobuko - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate changes in magnetic resonance findings of the normal ovary during menstrual cycle on diffusion-weighted image (DWI). Magnetic resonance imaging was performed in 9 healthy females at the menstrual, periovulatory, and luteal phases using a 1.5-T unit. Signal intensity (SI) of the ovary ...
Roudsari Bahman - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to evaluate the trend in the utilization of CT for fall victims older than 55 years admitted to a level I trauma center. We used trauma registry data (1996-2006) of a level I trauma center. By using the International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision ...
Eloy Jean Anderson - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The medial aspect of the infratemporal fossa (ITF) can be accessed endoscopically. Two important landmarks to help guide dissection in this area have previously been identified: the anterior border of the foramen ovale (AFO) and the "bony bridge" (BB), a consistent bridge of bone between the foramen ovale and ...
Milchteim Charles - - 2012
Object Cervical transfacet screw placement has been described in the literature. Although the technique shows promise for percutaneous application, parameters for screw placement have not been well delineated. This study used reconstructed CT scans with imaging software to assess the feasibility of percutaneous transfacet screw placement, analyzing potential entry angles, ...
Zech Wolf-Dieter - - 2012
Sex determination in forensic practice is performed mostly on sexually dimorphic bones, including pelvic bones such as the os sacrum. Postmortem CT scan provides an easy and fast method for depicting and measuring bone structures prior to elaborate autopsy preparations. To develop a simple and objective method for sex determination ...
Nemec Stefan F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown a correlation between hypospadias and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), suggesting an association between placental insufficiency and abnormal genital development. This study sought to analyze the association of IUGR and genital abnormalities apparent on fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This retrospective study included 22 MRI ...
Sureka J - - 2012
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the imaging modality of choice in the evaluation of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Dynamic MRI including the open and close mouth views in sagittal plane determine the exact position of articular disk and thus help to evaluate the joint for internal derangement. ...
Chalian Majid M Majid Chalian, Theodoros Soldatos, John A Carrino, Avneesh Chhabra, Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21287, United - - 2012
To evaluate two simple angle measurements for predicting lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of the spine. The lumbar spine MRI studies of 50 subjects with LSTV and 50 subjects with normal lumbosacral anatomy were retrospectively evaluated. In each study, the mid-sagittal T2-weighted image was used ...
Laukkanen Anne-Maria - - 2012
Abstract Vocal warm-up (WU)-related changes were studied in one male musical singer and one female speech trainer. They sustained vowels before and after WU in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) device. Acoustic recordings were made in a studio. The vocal tract area increased after WU, a formant cluster appeared between ...
Cavka Mislav - - 2012
The challenging mission of paleopathologists is to be capable to diagnose a disease just on the basis of limited information gained by means of one or more paleodiagnostic techniques. In this study a radiologic, anthropologic and paleopathologic analysis of an ancient Egyptian mummy through X-rays, CT and MR was conducted. ...
Alvin Matthew D - - 2012
Study Design. Morphometric and volumetric analysis; Virtual screw placementObjective. (1) To define the morphometric and volumetric dimensions of the laminae of C3-C7, and 2) analyze the feasibility of unilateral and bilateral translaminar screw placement at C3-C7.Summary of Background Data. Past studies on translaminar screw fixation have primarily focused on upper ...
Oishi Kenichi - - 2012
This article describes the potentials and challenges of quantitative analyses of human neonatal brain images using structural magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and diffusion tensor imaging. To maximize the potential of MR imaging for neonatal brain studies, the combination of both contrasts is highly beneficial. Based on the multicontrast data, a ...
Jones Ella F - - 2012
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease starting with key molecular events that ultimately lead to the breakdown of the cartilage. The purpose of this study is to use two imaging methods that are sensitive to molecular and macromolecular changes in OA to better characterize the disease process in human osteoarthritic ...
Mansour S M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the need of magnetic resonance imaging and using different approaches (transabdominal, endoluminal and transperineal) in the proper assessment of disorders of sex development regarding gonadal detection and gender differentiation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty five patients with abnormalities of sex disorders were ...
Powell J L - - 2012
Diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging provides a way of assessing the asymmetry of white matter (WM) connectivity, the degree of anisotropic diffusion within a given voxel being a marker of coherently bundled myelinated fibers. Voxel-based statistical analysis was performed on fractional anisotropy (FA) images of 42 right- and 40 left-handers, to ...
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