Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 894
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Thornton Raymond - - 2003
Many abnormalities seen in the elbow result from trauma, often from sports such as baseball and tennis. Elbow problems are frequently related to the medial tension-lateral compression phenomenon, where repeated valgus stress produces flexor-pronator strain, ulnar collateral ligament sprain, ulnar traction spurring, and ulnar neuropathy. Lateral compression causes osteochondral lesions ...
Renard M - - 2003
Dislocation of the flexor hallucis longus tendon is an exceptional occurrence. To our knowledge, this is the first case ever reported of an intermittent dislocation in a 17-year-old woman; she was a synchronised swimmer. She consulted for a right internal retro-malleolar syndrome. Voluntary "snap" was triggered by a mechanism which ...
Calvino Nick - - 2003
Connective Tissue (CT) is a ubiquitous component of all major tissues and structures of the body (50% of all body protein is CT), including that of the blood, vascular, muscle, tendon, ligament, fascia, bone, joint, IVD's (intervertebral discs) and skin. Because of its ubiquitous nature, CT is an often overlooked ...
Yoshikawa Yasuhiro - - 2003
We report a patient with a locked left thumb in association with de Quervain's disease. While bathing her baby 1 month after giving birth a 32-year-old woman suddenly noticed that she could not radially abduct her left thumb. Magnetic resonance imaging showed thickening of the abductor pollicis longus tendon with ...
Gatehouse P D - - 2003
The most widely used clinical magnetic resonance imaging techniques for the diagnosis of parenchymal disease employ heavily T(2)-weighted sequences to detect an increase or decrease in the signal from long T(2) components in tissue. Tissues also contain short T(2) components that are not detected or only poorly detected with conventional ...
Masada Kazuhiro - - 2003
We report a patient with duplicate extensor pollicis longus tendons, who complained of inability to extend the thumb fully because of impingement of the musculotendinous junction of the duplicate tendons. Extension of the thumb recovered completely after Lister's tubercle was excised and the extensor retinaculum was released. Selective windowing with ...
Dyson S S Centre for Equine Studies, Animal Health Trust, Lanwades Park, Kentford, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 - - 2003
Foot pain is a common cause of equine lameness and there have been significant limitations of the methods available for the diagnosis of the causes of foot pain (radiography, nuclear scintigraphy and ultrasonography). Until recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the horse has been limited to examination of cadaver limbs. ...
McGonagle Dennis - - 2002
The importance of enthesitis in the pathogenesis of spondyloarthropathy (SpA) is now well recognized. Several entheses comprise more than simply the insertion site, and they are part of a complex biomechanical organ to resist shear and compression. It is also evident that tendons that wrap around bony pulleys form an ...
Allum J H J - - 2002
Clinicians have sought ways to increase trunk sway so that it is easily observed and a balance deficit more easily identified. One technique often used for this purpose is to reduce the efficacy of ankle proprioceptive inputs on sway. To achieve this reduction either a foam mat is used as ...
Abreu M R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between sites of calcaneal plantar enthesophytes and surrounding fascial and soft tissue structures using routine radiography, MR imaging, and data derived from cadaveric and paleopathologic specimens. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Two observers analyzed the MR imaging studies of 40 ankles in 38 patients (35 males, 3 ...
Akisue Toshihiro - - 2002
This report presents a case of neural fibrolipoma arising from the superficial peroneal nerve in the ankle. A 28-year-old woman was referred with a soft tissue mass in the anterior aspect of the right ankle, which had been gradually enlarging for the past 10 years. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a ...
Zirm Richard J - - 2002
Successful treatment of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction depends on accurate staging and the appropriate selection of surgical procedures. Magnetic resonance imaging is the most sensitive diagnostic modality for evaluating the tendon and is also the best predictor of clinical outcome following surgery. Procedural selection for patients with posterior tibial tendon ...
Uys Hendrik D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Information concerning the clinical association between syndesmosis injury and grade of lateral ankle ligament damage would aid in the diagnosis and treatment of ankle sprains. HYPOTHESIS: Evaluation of lateral ligament injury in terms of percentage tear of both the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments can provide information on the ...
Robinson Philip - - 2002
Soft-tissue and osseous impingement syndromes of the ankle can be an important cause of chronic pain, particularly in the professional athlete. The main impingement syndromes are anterolateral, anterior, anteromedial, and posterior impingement. These conditions arise from initial ankle injuries, which, in the subacute or chronic situation, lead to development of ...
Schaffler Gottfried J - - 2003
Our objective was to identify MR imaging findings in patients with syndesmotic soft tissue impingement of the ankle and to investigate the reliability of these imaging characteristics to predict syndesmotic soft tissue impingement syndromes of the ankle. Twenty-one ankles with chronic pain ultimately proven to have anterior soft tissue impingement ...
Frater Clayton - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Scintigraphy is an established imaging technique for injuries of the ankle and foot that are not apparent on plain radiographs. The scintigraphic technique has varied, with planar and pinhole images being used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The incremental value of pinhole scintigraphy over planar imaging was studied in 16 patients ...
Theumann Nicolas H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the normal anatomy of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint of the great toe with MR imaging, MR arthrography, and MR bursography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR images of 12 cadaveric MTP joints of the great toe were obtained before and after arthrography, busography, or both. The MR appearances of ...
Navid David O - - 2002
Osteochondral lesions of the talus are common injuries, especially in the athletic population. Although multiple etiologies exist, lateral lesions have a higher incidence of association with a specific traumatic event. It has been postulated that lateral lesions are produced when the anterolateral aspect of the talar dome impacts the fibula ...
Tan Virak - - 2002
Previous investigators have not found magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to be helpful in the diagnosis of interosseous-lumbrical tendon adhesions of the hand. We present 2 cases in which preoperative magnetic resonance images correlated with the clinical diagnosis and intraoperative finding of adhesions between the interosseous-lumbrical tendons at the level of ...
Mavi Ayfer - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the fibular incisura of the tibia in type I and II recurrent sprained ankle. METHODS: A total of 18 limbs (9 right, 9 left) were examined for the fibular incisura of the tibia by magnetic resonance imaging at Gunmar Magnetic Resonance ...
Schulhofer S David - - 2002
Whereas acute and chronic injuries of the tibialis posterior, peroneal and Achilles tendon are frequently encountered, disorders of the flexor hallucis longus tendon are often overlooked, which may contribute to chronic pain and disability. Patients with stenosing tenosynovitis of the flexor hallucis longus tendon frequently present with overlapping signs and ...
Delgado Gonzalo J - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ultrasonographic (US) findings in patients with a referring diagnosis of tennis leg and to explore the relative importance of the plantaris tendon and gastrocnemius muscle in the pathogenesis of this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cadaveric study was performed to outline the normal anatomy of the ...
Kasashima Yoshinori - - 2002
Six live horses with various stages of acute to chronic superficial digital flexor (SDF) tendinitis were examined using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In each case, MRI findings were compared to the corresponding ultrasonographic (USD) and histologic findings, to establish the usefulness of MRI. In the acute cases, lesions characterized by ...
Marshall Helen - - 2002
The objective of this study was to image the Achilles tendon with MR imaging at the magic angle (the long axis of the tendon at 55 degrees relative to the direction of the main static magnetic field [B(0)]) to detect signal from the tendon, to measure the T1 of the ...
Bydder Graeme M - - 2002
This review article discusses new magnetic resonance techniques for imaging collagen containing structures such as intervertebral discs, tendons, and ligaments. The semisolid collagen in tendons and ligaments is not normally demonstrable with magnetic resonance imaging but may be visualized with magic angle imaging and other techniques. This allows these structures ...
Tuite Michael J - - 2002
Hindfoot pain from tendon pathology is common and seen in a wide range of patients from young athletes to older sedentary individuals. Magnetic resonance (MR) is an excellent technique for imaging tendons and for identifying injuries that can be treated with surgery. MR also demonstrates the presence of bone marrow ...
Theodorou Daphne J - - 2002
Foot pain and disability may curtail the performance of simple routine tasks, work-related duties, and athletic activities. Disorders of the plantar fascia are commonly encountered in the diagnostic evaluation of subcalcaneal heel pain. The approach to imaging the ankle and foot has undergone significant amendment with the introduction of magnetic ...
Farooki Shella - - 2002
To determine if passive positioning of the ankle influences the MR imaging appearance of ankle tendons and ligaments. A positioning device was used during imaging of 10 volunteers. Axial and coronal T1-weighted images were acquired in six positions of the ankle, and the appearance of the tendons and lateral ligaments ...
Umans Hilary - - 2002
The term "ankle impingement" encompasses a broad range of conditions that are typically post-traumatic and often chronic. Various forms of mechanical impingement can result from synovial proliferation, bone spur formation, or ligamentous scarring and hypertrophy. Since symptoms and physical findings can mimic a variety of disorders, accurate diagnosis may remain ...
Gentili Amilcare - - 2002
As with other parts of the musculoskeletal system, the soft tissues of the foot can be affected by a wide variety of pathologic entities including trauma, congenital abnormalities, infections, and neoplastic disorders. While plain radiographs are usually the initial examination for evaluation of pathology, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is critical ...
Yu Joseph S - - 2002
There are many conditions that have the potential to produce the symptom of pain in the metatarsal and midfoot regions. Pathologic processes that cause pain include post-traumatic disorders, circulatory disorders, arthritides, neuroarthropathy, and conditions that result in a biomechanical imbalance in the foot. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a powerful ...
Ortega Robert - - 2002
We describe the sonographic imaging characteristics of ankle ganglia with pathologic correlation in 10 patients. Foot and ankle ganglia exhibit a spectrum of sonographic appearances from round and completely anechoic masses to hypoechoic, multilobulated, multiseptated masses with dependent debris. All the ganglionic cysts examined in our study showed posterior acoustic ...
Abrams Stephen - - 2002
Restoring a large edentulous space in the anterior maxilla presents many challenges, including how to utilize and manage a deep anterior soft tissue undercut. In the case reported here, a partial denture was constructed that incorporated a semi-rigid exterior flange and a soft liner to help the denture to engage ...
DiBenedetto Margarete - - 2002
For better assessment of foot injury severity during basic military training, we evaluated a simple noninvasive technique: thermography. With this infrared imaging method, we determined normal foot parameters (from 30 soldiers before training), thermographic findings in different foot stress fractures (from 30 soldiers so diagnosed), and normal responses to abnormal ...
Hasler Paul - - 2002
We present the case of a patient with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis and an acute onset of total dysfunction of the posterior tibial tendon. On MRI, a rupture of the tendon was apparent. Intraoperatively, however, massive tenosynovitis with stricture of the tendon was identified as the cause of posterior tibial tendon ...
Schmid Marius R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Chronic overload is considered the main cause of patellar tendinitis, but it has been postulated that impingement of the inferior patellar pole against the patellar tendon during knee flexion could be responsible. HYPOTHESIS: The role of the patellar pole in patellar tendinitis can be determined by dynamic magnetic resonance ...
Miller Theodore T - - 2002
PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of sonography with those of MRI in evaluating epicondylitis. METHODS: The affected elbows of 11 patients with suspected epicondylitis were examined sonographically, and the contralateral (normal) elbow was also examined for comparison. In 10 of these ...
Aydingöz Ustün - - 2002
A very rare case of spontaneous rupture of the tibialis anterior tendon diagnosed by MR imaging is presented. The tendon rupture occurred in a patient with recent onset psoriasis of both shins who used a corticosteroid cream (0.1% of methylprednisolone aceponate) for his skin lesions during the last 3 months ...
Bey M J - - 2002
The function of soft connective tissues is frequently characterized by quantifying tissue strain (e.g., during joint motion). Conventional techniques for quantifying tendon and ligament strain typically provide surface measures, using markers, stain lines or instrumentation that may influence the tissue. An alternative approach is to quantify intratendinous strain by applying ...
Cahuzac Jean Philippe - - 2002
As the navicular is unossified in infants with foot deformities, until 5 years old (boys) and 3 years old (girls), it is difficult to give the exact position of hindfoot bones. Magnetic resonance imaging associated with three-dimensional reconstruction allows the visualization of the cartilaginous volume of the bones and the ...
Kerr Roger - - 2002
In summary, MRI has become the dominant imaging modality for assessing soft tissue disorders of the ankle. It is useful in evaluating patients with acute or chronic ankle pain or instability, and for diagnosis and staging of soft tissue mass lesions. MRI often provides information that is essential to treatment ...
Sofka Carolyn M - - 2002
Because of the often complex and sometimes poorly remembered history of trauma to the elbow, imaging beyond conventional plain film radiographs is often needed. Usually, this consists of high-resolution MR imaging to evaluate the articular cartilage, supporting ligaments, and tendons about the elbow. Sonography, however, can also be used, especially ...
Pfirrmann Christian W A - - 2002
MR imaging abnormalities, such as increased signal within normally hypointense structures, form and attachment abnormalities, fluid collections in joints, tendon sheaths and bursa, or even tumors, such as Morton's neuromas, are common in asymptomatic volunteers. They may be explained by normal physiology, anatomic variability, MR imaging artifacts, or true abnormalities ...
Dunfee William R - - 2002
Conventional radiographs in conjunction with clinical examination remains the primary method for evaluating the acute athletic injury. In most cases, suspected acute tendon and ligament injuries are initially treated based on physical examination. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, with its multiplanar capability and superb soft tissue contrast, is quickly becoming the ...
Ledermann Hans Peter - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze compartmental involvement and patterns of spread of soft-tissue inflammation in pedal infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 115 contrast-enhanced 1.5-T MR examinations of the foot in 41 women and 74 men with a mean age of 58.4 years who had undergone ...
Dyson S J - - 2002
It was hypothesised that in solar bone images of the front feet of clinically normal horses, or horses with lameness unrelated to the front feet, there would be less than a 10% difference in the ratio of uptake of radiopharmaceutical in either the region of the navicular bone, or the ...
Clavero Juan A - - 2002
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can provide important information for diagnosis and evaluation of soft-tissue trauma in the fingers. An optimal imaging technique should include proper positioning, dedicated surface coils, and specific protocols for the suspected abnormalities. Familiarity with the fine anatomy of the normal finger is crucial for identifying pathologic ...
Jacobson Jon A - - 2002
Musculoskeletal sonography has an important role in the evaluation of the postoperative orthopedic patient. One major advantage of sonography over magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography is that artifact from metal, which is common after orthopedic surgery, is relatively limited. This allows a clear assessment of the soft tissues for ...
Robinson P - - 2002
Our objective was to describe the appearance of the anteromedial tibiotalar joint on MR arthrography in patients with clinically and arthroscopically confirmed anteromedial impingement. Anteromedial impingement of the ankle is now being recognized in the orthopedic literature as a distinct entity. MR arthrographic findings of anteromedial impingement include capsular and ...
Premkumar Ahalya - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to describe the appearance of the posterior tibialis tendon on MR imaging and high-resolution sonography with color and power Doppler imaging and to determine whether sonography is as accurate for diagnosing tendinosis as MR imaging. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifteen healthy volunteers and 31 ...
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