Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 907
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Slavotinek J P - - 2006
A case of an intra-articular fibrous band of the ankle is presented with emphasis on the MR imaging appearances. This entity is an important but uncommon cause of post-traumatic ankle pain and is well recognized within the arthroscopy literature, but there is little if any documentation of this condition in ...
Lee Jeffrey - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the normal appearance on ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the quadriceps tendon, patellar tendon, and collateral ligaments in the early postoperative period following total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Within a 6-month period, 10 patients with a total knee arthroplasty were referred for imaging. All ...
Ledoux William R - - 2006
To eliminate some of the ambiguity in describing foot shape, we developed three-dimensional (3D), objective measures of foot type based on computerized tomography (CT) scans. Feet were classified via clinical examination as pes cavus (high arch), neutrally aligned (normal arch), asymptomatic pes planus (flat arch with no pain), or symptomatic ...
Kijowski Richard - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of a group of patients with clinically diagnosed peroneal tendonopathy and peroneal tenosynovitis with the MR imaging findings of a control group of patients with no clinical evidence of peroneal tendon disorder. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The MR examinations of 24 patients ...
Bearcroft Philip W P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to quantify the impact that MRI of the ankle has on a surgeon's diagnosis and diagnostic confidence and on patient management. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective controlled observational study was performed with 91 consecutive referrals (53 males, 38 females; age range, 13-76 years; ...
Brushøj C - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the intra- and inter-tester reproducibility of measurements of the Achilles tendon, tibialis anterior tendon, and the tibialis posterior tendon in football players using ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eleven asymptomatic football players were examined. Using a standardized US scanning protocol, the tendons ...
Boesen M I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Recently, a positive treatment effect of intratendinous injections of steroid in Achilles tendonitis (AT) has been described. Our aim was to test the localization and distribution of the injected steroid in both healthy (animal) tendons and in diseased human Achilles tendons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four pig tendons were injected ...
Egi Takeshi - - 2006
PURPOSE: Extensor tendon rupture in rheumatoid wrists is a common problem and causes immediate dysfunction of the digits. The best treatment for tendon rupture may be prophylactic management, although the factors associated with tendon rupture must first be identified. The purpose of this study was to evaluate structures around rheumatoid ...
Tokuda Osamu O Department of Radiology, Yamaguchi University, 1-1-1 Minamikogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi, - - 2006
Knowledge of the normal MRI appearances of the ankle ligaments and tendons is particularly important in the diagnosis of ankle sprains. In most clinical practices, the ankle is imaged in a neutral position with standard imaging planes and sequences. The purpose of our study was to investigate whether passive positioning ...
Defrate Louis E LE Bioengineering Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit St, 1215 GRJ, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2007
Few studies have investigated the function of the patellar tendon in-vivo. This study quantified the three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the patellar tendon during weight-bearing flexion. Eleven subjects were imaged using magnetic resonance (MR). Sagittal plane images were outlined to create a 3D model of the patella, tibia, and femur and ...
Butler Robert J - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Running shoes are designed specifically for different foot types in order to reduce injuries. Running in the correct footwear matched for foot type may have a greater influence on mechanics when runners become exerted. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in kinematics and kinetics over ...
Fernandes Rodrigo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this anatomic imaging study was to illustrate the normal complex anatomy of tendons of the plantar aspect of the ankle and foot using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with anatomic correlation in cadavers. DESIGN: Seven fresh cadaveric feet (obtained and used according to institutional guidelines, with informed ...
Doda N - - 2006
The accessory soleus muscle is a rare anatomical variant which, although congenital in origin, may manifest in the second and third decades of life as a painful ankle mass or an asymptomatic ankle soft tissue swelling. We report a symptomatic accessory soleus muscle in a 21-year-old male soldier that was ...
Zarucco Laura - - 2006
Biomechanical models that compute the lengths and forces of muscle-tendon units are broadly applicable to the study of factors that promote injury and the planning and effects of orthopedic surgical procedures in equine athletes. A three-dimensional (3D) generic musculoskeletal model of the equine forelimb comprised of bony segment, muscle-tendon, and ...
Saliman Justin D - - 2006
Significant advances in the understanding of elbow anatomy, biomechanics, imaging, and surgical technique have been made over the last decade. Tendon injuries are often seen in athletes and physical laborers from repetitive eccentric overload. Ligament injuries are commonly seen in throwing athletes or after elbow dislocation. Magnetic resonance imaging has ...
Mendes Luiz F A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Ossification/calcification around the medial femoral condyle has been known as Pellegrini-Stieda (PS) disease for almost 100 years. Little attention has been given to magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics. Our purpose is to demonstrate the anatomy in the medial femoral compartment and imaging findings of PS disease, determining the sites ...
Olivieri I - - 2006
Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary gives the following definition of dactylitis (deltaalphachitauupsilonlambdaomicronsigma = digit): 'inflammation of a finger or toe'. Although any inflammatory process involving the fingers or toes may be called dactylitis, the term has entered in current use only in some well-defined entities. These differ in the involved tissue ...
Duncan Doug - - 2006
The purpose of this study is to assess the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of anterolateral impingement of the ankle and to assess the most helpful sequence in making the diagnosis. Twenty-four patients who had undergone ankle arthroscopy were chosen. Twelve patients had arthroscopically ...
Merchant Rashid - - 2006
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva, also known as myositis ossificans progressiva, is characterized by congenital skeletal malformations and progressive ectopic bone formation in connective tissues. The disorder presents as rapidly growing masses usually in the neck or paraspinal region with stiffness in the adjoining joints. The preosseous lesions involve the fascia, ligaments, ...
Whitcomb Mary Beth - - 2006
CASE DESCRIPTION: 3 horses with penetrating wounds to the shoulder area were examined because of forelimb lameness. CLINICAL FINDINGS: All horses had physical examination findings (decreased cranial phase of the stride, swelling in the shoulder region, and signs of pain on manipulation of the shoulder) that were suggestive of problems ...
Anandacoomarasamy Ananthila - - 2007
In Löfgren's syndrome, pain and swelling commonly involves the ankle joints. In this prospective case series, the magnetic resonance imaging findings of ankle joint involvement are described. Extensive subcutaneous and soft tissue oedema was commonly seen around the ankles. Bone, cartilage, ligaments and tendons were typically uninvolved. Small amounts of ...
Choudur Hema Nalini - - 2006
Gluteus maximus tendonitis with its clinical and imaging patterns has been described in radiologic, orthopedic, and rheumatology texts and journals. Image-guided treatment, however, is not a familiar approach and has only been described in one case report in the English literature to the best of our knowledge. We present 4 ...
Lee Min Hee - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Under the hypothesis that the anatomic relationship of the tibialis anterior tendon and extensor retinaculum of the foot and ankle is relevant to the clinical aspects of a tear in that tendon, we assessed the anatomic details of these structures using MRI in cadavers and evaluated MRI in patients ...
Engeli Emmanuel - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to establish the normal percutaneous ultrasonographic appearance of anatomic structures within the equine sacroiliac region. Percutaneous ultrasonography was performed in a cranial-to-caudal direction in 10 normal adult live horses. The following structures were examined in detail: supraspinous ligament, lumbar and sacral spinous processes, thoracolumbar ...
Brunton Lance M - - 2006
The utility of magnetic resonance imaging of the elbow has noticeably improved over the past decade. Advances in equipment and refinement of pulse sequences has allowed for superior visualization of many pathologic processes involving the elbow joint and its surrounding structures. At this time, magnetic resonance imaging is most valuable ...
Peace K A L - - 2006
Extensor mechanism injuries constitute a major cause of anterior knee pain in the elite athlete. Sonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are the imaging methods of choice when assessing the infrapatellar tendon. A comprehensive imaging review of infrapatellar tendon normal anatomy, tendinopathy, and partial/full-thickness tendon tears is provided. The value ...
Finlay Karen - - 2006
Ultrasonography is a useful imaging tool for various soft tissue and joint pathologies affecting the lower extremity. This article reviews the normal sonographic appearance of muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, bone, and cartilage. The ultrasound imaging appearance of various pathologic conditions affecting the hip, thigh, knee, lower leg, ankle,and foot are ...
Sanz Macarena G - - 2006
CASE DESCRIPTION-A 4-year-old Quarter Horse stallion was evaluated because of a 10-month history of moderate (grade 3/5) left forelimb lameness (detectable during trotting over a smooth, hard surface). CLINICAL FINDINGS-No abnormalities were detected in either forelimb via palpation or application of hoof testers; however, lameness was eliminated after administration of ...
Alonso-Bartolome Pilar - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the differential diagnosis between insufficiency fractures (IF) of the calcaneus and arthritis of the ankle. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical charts and imaging findings for 6 patients with 7 IF of the calcaneus who were referred with the diagnosis of ankle arthritis. The main predisposing factors, clinical ...
Ertugrul M B - - 2006
AIMS: Foot infections and their sequelae are among the most common and severe complications of diabetes mellitus. As diabetic patients with foot infections develop osteomyelitis and may progress to amputation, early diagnosis of osteomyelitis is critical. METHODS: We compared the diagnostic values of labelled leucocyte scanning with Tc(99)m, magnetic resonance ...
Viegas Flavio C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the anatomy of the deep and superficial infrapatellar bursae using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and anatomic correlation in cadavers. DESIGN: MR imaging of the infrapatellar bursae of nine cadaveric knees was performed after ultrasound-guided bursography. The images were compared with those seen on anatomic sectioning. Histologic analysis ...
Osborne H R - - 2006
Plantar fasciitis is a clinical diagnosis and is often combined with some form of imaging to validate the diagnosis. The clinical utility of lateral X-rays lies in the fact that they are relatively inexpensive and may contribute to ruling out other osseous causes of pain. In this study 106 (27 ...
Canuto Holly C - - 2006
This study evaluated the correlative use of MRI methods and gross anatomy to monitor tendon displacement in the central region of the palm at rest and during flexion and extension of the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints with respect to the corresponding neurovascular bundles (NVBs). In all of the samples the ...
Bergin Diane - - 2006
This article describes the relevant surgical detail and MR imaging appearance of common operations performed in the foot and ankle. To evaluate postsurgical patients critically, it is important to understand the primary clinical diagnosis, surgical treatment undergone, the interval since surgery, and patients' current clinical symptoms. Radiography is the most ...
Madden Michael E - - 2006
CONTEXT: Rotator cuff injuries are common and result in either a tear or tendinopathy within the distal portion of the supraspinatus tendon. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging shows the injury as a high signal region within the distal tendon. Similarly, a magic-angle effect also appears within healthy patients in this same ...
Fournié Bernard - - 2006
We prospectively compared power Doppler ultrasound findings in 25 fingers with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 25 fingers with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Erosive synovitis and tenosynovitis were seen in both groups. Extrasynovial changes were found in 21/24 (84%) fingers with PsA versus none of the fingers with RA. Of the 21 ...
Haller Jörg - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the role of MR-imaging in the diagnosis of anterior ankle impingement syndromes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively examined 51 consecutive patients with chronic ankle pain by MR-imaging. Arthroscopy was performed in 29 patients who previously underwent non-enhanced MR-imaging; in 11 patients, indirect MR-arthrography additionally was performed. MR-examinations ...
Roberts Jefferson R - - 2006
We performed a prospective study to determine if subclinical tendinopathy occurs in asymptomatic adults treated with fluoroquinolone antibiotics. Thirty-eight adults were enrolled. Serial ultrasounds of the Achilles tendons were performed. A board certified musculoskeletal radiologist interpreted the images in a blinded fashion. No changes were identified. Subclinical tendinopathy does not ...
Schindler Kim - - 2006
This article describes calcific tendonitis within the fibular collateral ligament, presumably from hydroxyapatite deposition, a rare cause of acute, severe lateral knee pain. Imaging findings confirmed calcifications in an intact but thickened fibular collateral ligament with adjacent soft-tissue reaction, consistent with calcific tendonitis. Magnetic resonance imaging can appear aggressive, and ...
Mengiardi Bernard - - 2006
The influence of foot positioning on prevalence of the magic angle effect (MAE) in ankle tendons was investigated. In 30 asymptomatic volunteers and five cadaveric feet, MR imaging of the ankle was performed in the supine (neutral position of the foot) and prone (plantar-flexed foot) position. MAE was considered if ...
Doherty Geoffrey P - - 2006
We sought to describe the comparative anatomy of the Achilles tendon in rabbits and humans by using macroscopic observation, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasonography. The calcaneus-Achilles tendon-gastrocnemius-soleus complexes from 18 New Zealand white rabbits underwent ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and gross anatomic sectioning; these results were compared ...
Patrick Emily - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To compare the Tardieu Scale as a clinical measure of spasticity after stroke with the Ashworth Scale. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen people, living in the community three years after their stroke. MAIN MEASURES: The Ashworth Scale and Tardieu Scale as well as laboratory measures of spasticity (stretch-induced electromyographic ...
Kaushik S - - 2006
Computed tomography and MRI are frequently utilized to evaluate ankle pain that remains unexplained by radiography. The most common causes of ankle pain are related to trauma and the imaging appearances of these entities are well established in the radiologic and orthopedic literature. A smaller percentage is comprised of non-traumatic ...
Toumi H - - 2006
Proximal patellar tendinopathy occurs as an overuse injury in sport and is also characteristic of ankylosing spondylitis patients. It particularly affects the posteromedial part of the patellar tendon enthesis, although the reason for this is unclear. We investigated whether there are regional differences in the trabecular architecture of the patella ...
Chou Mei-Chun - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of plain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography for detecting collateral ligamentous injury of the ankle joint. METHODS: Fifty patients (October 2001 to November 2003) suffering from ankle disability who underwent plain MRI and MR arthrographic ...
Murray Rachel C - - 2006
Palmar foot pain is a common cause of lameness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the potential to detect damage in all tissues of the equine foot, but an understanding of the differences in magnetic resonance (MR) images between feet from horses with and without palmar foot pain is required. This ...
Hofbauer Robert K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: A case study was conducted to examine a patient with chronic neuropathic pain of the right foot following peripheral nerve injury and characterize associated sensory abnormalities. METHODS: Multimodal psychophysical examination of the patient's affected and nonaffected foot included thermal sensibility, dynamic touch, and directional sensibility. In addition, we used ...
Murray Rachel C - - 2006
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasingly used in the diagnosis of equine foot pain, but improved understanding of how MR images represent tissue-level changes in the equine foot is required. We hypothesized that alterations in signal intensity and tissue contour would represent changes in tissue structure detected using histologic evaluation. ...
Beall Douglas P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the post-harvest magnetic resonance (MR) imaging appearance of flexor carpi radialis (FCR) tendons, harvested during ligamentous reconstruction tendon interposition (LRTI) of the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint arthroplasty, is consistent with tendon regeneration. DESIGN: Operative reports and patient medical records for all patients undergoing LRTI arthroplasty between ...
Pfirrmann Christian W A - - 2005
Anatomic variants of the bones, ligaments, tendons and muscles are frequent findings in imaging of the wrist and hand. Many findings especially changes in the triangular fibrocartilage (TFC) and the interosseous ligaments are asymptomatic, their incidence is increasing with age, and they are frequently found bilaterally. Abnormalities such as increased ...
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