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Därr Roland - - 2011
Our objective is to outline the utility of adrenal venous sampling (AVS) with measurements of metanephrine to normetanephrine ratios for diagnostic localization of phaeochromocytoma in a patient with normal plasma levels of catecholamines. A 53-year-old-woman was referred for evaluation of recurrent pheochromocytoma following a right adrenalectomy 14 years earlier. Diagnosis of ...
Tokuda Junichi J Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2011
To investigates the impact of nonrigid motion correction on pixel-wise pharmacokinetic analysis of free-breathing DCE-MRI in patients with solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Misalignment of focal lesions due to respiratory motion in free-breathing dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) precludes obtaining reliable time-intensity curves, which are crucial for pharmacokinetic analysis for tissue characterization. ...
Prunet Patrick - - 2011
Cortisol and the glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) play an important role in fish osmoregulation, while the involvement of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and its putative ligand 11-deoxycorticosterone (DOC) has been poorly investigated. In this study, we assessed the implication of DOC and MR in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) osmoregulation during hypo- ...
Nakamura Hideki - - 2011
A 68-year-old woman was admitted with bleary eyes and lacrimal gland swelling. A biopsy specimen from a right paravertebral mass lesion detected by computed tomography showed remarkable IgG4-positive plasma cells. Because serum IgG4 was elevated to 3300 mg/dl, IgG4-related disease was diagnosed, with the assistance of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/computed ...
Meng Ran - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of developing plasma predictive value biomarkers of cerebral ischemic stroke before imaging evidence is acquired. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from 198 patients who attended our neurology department as emergencies - with symptoms of vertigo, numbness, limb ...
Nevins W M - - 2011
Analysis of the magnetic field structure from electromagnetic simulations of tokamak ion temperature gradient turbulence demonstrates that the magnetic field can be stochastic even at very low plasma pressure. The degree of magnetic stochasticity is quantified by evaluating the magnetic diffusion coefficient. We find that the magnetic stochasticity fails to ...
Sager Sait - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the role of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) in the detection of skeletal and visceral involvement in patients with MM (multiple myeloma) at the initial diagnosis and to evaluate the relation between maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) ...
Miguel Diego - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To establish reference values in cord blood of the following new sepsis markers: pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM), pro-endothelin (CT-proET-1), and pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP). METHODS: MR-proADM, CT-proET-1, MR-proANP, and procalcitonin (PCT) were measured in cord blood of newborn infants by Time Resolved Amplified Cryptate Emission (TRACE) technology. The inclusion criteria in ...
de Camargo Pinto Louise Lapagesse - - 2011
For some X-linked disorders the expressivity and penetrance in females are almost similar to those ones found in males. For mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), there are no studies in the literature trying to identify subtle signs and symptoms of this disease in heterozygotes. The objective of this study was ...
Jankowska Ewa A - - 2011
We hypothesised that assessment of plasma C-terminal pro-endothelin-1 (CT-proET-1), a stable endothelin-1 precursor fragment, is of prognostic value in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), beyond other prognosticators, including N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP). We examined 491 patients with systolic CHF (age: 63±11 years, 91% men, New York Heart Association ...
Chen Jian - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) with enthesis, the site where the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) attaches to the vertebral body, by multi-detector CT reconstruction images. Twenty-nine patients with OPLL were studied. According to the plaques' continuity to the ...
Peters Sabine - - 2010
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are a novel environment for most participants. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis modulates neurohormonal responses to novel and stressful experiences. We sought to examine the neurohormonal responses to MRI scans with the measurement of salivary cortisol. We examined: (1) acute effects of MRI scans by acquiring ...
Aurich Matthias - - 2011
Conventional autologous chondrocyte transplantation in the ankle often requires tibial or fibular osteotomies with potential morbidity for the patient. Advances in biotechnology and surgical techniques have resulted in the development of matrix-associated chondrocyte implantation (MACI). As the chondrocyte-loaded scaffold can be applied arthroscopically, this procedure is especially useful for the ...
Buerger Katharina - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Development of biomarkers for early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major clinical research goal. On the basis of the hypothesis that cardiovascular risk factors contribute to the pathogenesis of AD, we investigated whether the cardiovascular risk markers midregional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM) and midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) predict ...
Zhao Yan-Bin - - 2010
Cervical disc arthroplasty is a new technique for treating degenerative cervical disease. Its goal is to avoid the degeneration of adjacent levels by preserving motion at the treated level. The aims of this study were to evaluate the radiologic outcomes of Bryan cervical disc replacement and the degenerative status of ...
Podadera J M - - 2010
Two horses presented with a history of severe lameness that was localised to the area around the second phalanx (P2) of one forelimb. Radiographs of the second phalanx of both horses were unremarkable, apart from some smooth periosteal new bone production on the dorsum of P2. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed ...
Masquijo Julio Javier JJ Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, - - 2010
Tarsal coalition represents abnormal fusion among two or more tarsal bones and is a frequent cause of foot and ankle pain. The coexistence of calcaneonavicular and talocalcaneal coalitions in the same foot has been rarely cited in the literature. We report three cases of rigid flatfoot associated to a double ...
Stevens Kathryn J - - 2010
Acute and chronic elbow pain is common, particularly in athletes. Although plain radiographs, ultrasound, and computed tomography all have a role to play in the investigation of elbow pain, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has emerged as the imaging modality of choice for diagnosis of soft tissue disease and osteochondral injury ...
Tomsick Scott D - - 2010
This article provides a brief review of the normal osseous, ligamentous, muscular, and neurovascular imaging anatomy of the elbow. Special attention is paid to the normal structures that may simulate pathology, as well as anatomical variants that may lead to pathology. This review will help clarify distinctions between normal anatomy ...
Du Jiang - - 2010
In this study, we report the use of a novel ultrashort echo time T(1)rhoT(1) sequence that combines a spin-lock preparation pulse with a two-dimensional ultrashort echo time sequence of a nominal echo time 8 microsec. The ultrashort echo time-T(1)rho sequence was employed to quantify T(1)rho in short T(2) tissues including ...
Abboud Joseph A - - 2010
Multiple authors have debated the contribution of intertubercular groove morphology to biceps tendon pathology. It has been proposed that the shallow groove, combined with the supertubercular ridge of Meyer, predisposes patients to bicipital disease. In this study we hypothesized that there would be a correlation between bicipital groove morphology and ...
Holowinski Maureen - - 2010
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is important in diagnosing musculoskeletal injuries in horses. However, there is still much to learn regarding the significance of lesions identified in equine MR images. Of particular importance is the clinical significance of signal change as a function of pulse sequence. We hypothesized that a resolution ...
Bancroft Laura W - - 2010
This article will review the normal anatomy of the pelvic tendons as well as abnormalities such as tendinopathy, partial- and full-thickness tendon tears, myotendinous injuries, snapping hip syndrome, osseous avulsive injuries at tendinous attachments, calcific tendinitis, and tumor. MRI and sonography are useful imaging methods to directly evaluate suspected abnormalities ...
Ferkel Richard D RD Southern CA Ortho Institute, Orthopaedic Surgery, Van Nuys, CA 91405, USA. - - 2010
The usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been questioned in evaluating patients with chronic ankle sprain pain. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness and reliability of routine MR imaging in the diagnosis of anterolateral soft tissue impingement. Inclusion criteria required that the MR examinations be ...
Kinugasa Ryuta - - 2010
Tendinous tissues respond to chronic unloading with adaptive changes in mechanical, elastic, and morphological properties. However, little is known about the changes in the detailed structures of the entire tendinous tissue and whether the change in tendon stiffness is related to morphology. We investigated changes in dimensional (volume, cross-sectional area, ...
Gonzalez Liara M - - 2010
Lameness originating from the metacarpo(tarso)phalangeal (MP) joint has a significant effect on the use and athletic competitiveness of a horse. The identification of the cause of lameness originating from the MP joint can be challenging, given the limitations of radiography, ultrasonography, and nuclear scintigraphy. Our purpose was to describe the ...
Saini Raghav - - 2010
We aimed to study the regeneration potential of tendo-achilles after percutaneous tenotomy in 34 clubfeet treated by Ponseti's technique. Clinical and MRI evaluation was done after 6 weeks and 6 months of tenotomy to assess the regeneration of the tendon. At the follow-up, Achilles tendon was palpated like a cord ...
Barfett Joe - - 2010
Volumetric computed tomography offers improved potential to perform perfusion analysis in peripheral musculoskeletal structures. Despite poor baseline tissue enhancement and artifacts from adjacent bone, reproducible perfusion estimates were attained using a volumetric en bloc technique in the plantar muscle compartment, Achilles tendon, and subcalcaneal adipose tissue of 16 feet in ...
Buck Florian M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To relate histologic changes in rotator cuff tendons to the appearance on T1-weighted as well as fat-suppressed T2-weighted and proton density-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T1-weighted, fat-suppressed T2-weighted and fat-suppressed proton density-weighted sequences of 18 cadaveric shoulders were acquired. The supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and subscapularis tendons ...
Russell Jeffrey A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ballet dancers require extreme range of motion of the ankle, especially weight-bearing maximum plantar flexion (en pointe). In spite of a high prevalence of foot and ankle injuries in ballet dancers, the anatomy and pathoanatomy of this position have not been sufficiently studied in weight-bearing. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Gheno Ramon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the anatomical features of Kager fat pad (KFP) and its fasciae using magnetic resonance imaging, gross anatomy, and histology in cadavers; and to correlate the data with image findings in patients. METHODS: The KFP was analyzed in 10 fresh human cadavers and 152 clinical cases. The retrospective ...
Baeumlin Yseult - - 2010
To describe the normal anatomy of the soft tissues stabilizing the canine elbow observed by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Descriptive study. Cadavers of large breed dogs (n=3). Immediately after euthanasia, T1- and T2-weighted MR images of both elbows of each dog were made in sagittal, transverse, and dorsal planes. Elbows ...
Zanetti Marco - - 2010
This review article describes the postoperative magnetic resonance (MR) findings relating to surgery after tendon repair, ligament repair, and Morton's neuroma resection. The normal postoperative tendon is commonly thickened, showing signal changes that are most pronounced 3 to 6 months after surgery. Two years after tendon suture, the signal intensity ...
Ek┼či M S - - 2010
Posterior epidural disc migration is a rare event. Many differential diagnoses are possible in the posterior epidural space other than disc disease. This is a case report of L3-L4 posterior epidural disc herniation that was misdiagnosed as a tumor depending on the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging study with a peripheral ...
Trudel Guy - - 2010
Recurrence of tears is a common complication after rotator cuff surgery. Retearing seems to occur early after surgery and may be attributed to too early or too vigorous exercises. We found no experimental data correlating the strength of the rotator cuff early after surgery and imaging. Our objectives were to ...
Cochet Hubert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to compare the diagnostic performance of CT arthrography and sonography in the diagnosis of anterolateral ankle impingement. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with clinically suspected anterolateral ankle impingement prospectively underwent ankle sonography and CT arthrography, immediately followed by an additional ankle sonography examination ...
Allison Sandra J - - 2010
Ultrasound is well-established as a safe, efficient, and cost-effective method to evaluate superficial structures about the ankle. The purpose of this video article is to review the anatomy, scanning techniques, and sonographic appearance of the tendons and ligaments of the ankle. Ultrasound is well-suited for imaging the tendons and ligaments ...
Lohman M - - 2010
Our aim was to analyse whether MRI is useful in the follow-up of reconstruction of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb, to describe normal postoperative findings, and to evaluate different MR sequences. Our study material consists of 10 patients who, because of a chronic ...
Pierre-Jerome Claude - - 2010
The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body; it plays an important role in the biomechanics of the lower extremity. It can withstand great forces, especially during sporting exercises and pivoting. The pathologies related to the Achilles tendon are diverse and many carry undesirable consequences. We retrospectively analyzed ...
Stevens Kathryn J - - 2010
Elbow pain is frequently encountered in clinical practice and can result in significant morbidity, particularly in athletes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an excellent diagnostic imaging tool for the evaluation of soft tissue and osteochondral pathology around the elbow. Recent advances in magnetic field strength and coil design have lead ...
Schramme Michael - - 2010
Tendon injuries are common in athletic humans and horses. Ultrasonography is the diagnostic method of choice in horses with tendon injuries but there is increasing application of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to monitor and follow-up tendon healing. A core lesion was created in the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) of ...
Lee Shin Jae - - 2010
To evaluate the anomalous insertion of the pectoralis minor tendon with absence of the coracohumeral ligament on MR arthrography and to demonstrate the associated findings seen with this anatomical variation. We retrospectively reviewed the 335 MR arthrograms of the shoulder joint (mean age 37.8 years) performed from March 2000 to ...
Cass Andrea D - - 2010
Pediatric pes planovalgus deformity may be classified as flexible or rigid. The rigid pes planovalgus is often a result of a tarsal coalition, which is typically characterized as a painful unilateral or bilateral deformity, frequently associated with peroneal spasm. However, many tarsal coalitions are asymptomatic and demonstrate no peroneal spasm ...
Lee Jaejoon - - 2010
Kirner deformity is characterized by volar and radial incurvature of the distal phalanx of the 5th finger. A proposed causative mechanism includes abnormal distal insertion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon along the volar surface of the distal phalanx of the 5th finger. A chronic inflammatory process or altered vascularisation ...
Sutera R - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study assessed the usefulness of upright weight-bearing examination of the ankle/hind foot performed with a dedicated magnetic resonance (MR) imaging scanner in the evaluation of the plantar fascia in healthy volunteers and in patients with clinical evidence of plantar fasciitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January and March 2009, ...
Wan J M C - - 2010
Giant cell tumours of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) and pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) are part of a spectrum of benign proliferative lesions of synovial origin that may affect the joints, bursae and tendon sheaths. This review article describes the clinicopathological features and imaging findings in patients with GCTTS. GCTTS usually ...
Dufauret-Lombard Carine - - 2010
Ultrasonography can visualize calcific deposits within soft tissues. The appearance and location of the deposits distinguishes articular chondrocalcinosis from other crystal deposition diseases. The most common findings are hyperechoic dots or lines running parallel to the joint surface, hyperechoic images within fibrous cartilage (menisci and triangular fibrocartilage complex), and deposits ...
Gheno Ramon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study is to describe and define an anatomic variation located close to the bicipital groove using MRI with gross anatomic and histologic correlation in cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten fresh male human shoulders were harvested and used in this investigation. They were derived from persons ...
Walz Daniel M - - 2010
Epicondylitis commonly affects the elbow medially or laterally, typically in the 4th or 5th decade of life and without predilection with regard to sex. Epicondylitis is an inflammatory process that may be more accurately described as tendinosis. In the lateral epicondylar region, this process affects the common extensor tendon; in ...
Sakamoto Takashi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the differences in hearing results and complications between the conventional technique (CT) and potassium titanyl phosphate laser (KTP) laser-assisted stapes surgery that does not involve the manipulation of the foot plate. METHODS: Ninety-eight ears with conductive or mixed hearing loss ...
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