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Tomsick Scott D - - 2010
This article provides a brief review of the normal osseous, ligamentous, muscular, and neurovascular imaging anatomy of the elbow. Special attention is paid to the normal structures that may simulate pathology, as well as anatomical variants that may lead to pathology. This review will help clarify distinctions between normal anatomy ...
Du Jiang - - 2010
In this study, we report the use of a novel ultrashort echo time T(1)rhoT(1) sequence that combines a spin-lock preparation pulse with a two-dimensional ultrashort echo time sequence of a nominal echo time 8 microsec. The ultrashort echo time-T(1)rho sequence was employed to quantify T(1)rho in short T(2) tissues including ...
Abboud Joseph A - - 2010
Multiple authors have debated the contribution of intertubercular groove morphology to biceps tendon pathology. It has been proposed that the shallow groove, combined with the supertubercular ridge of Meyer, predisposes patients to bicipital disease. In this study we hypothesized that there would be a correlation between bicipital groove morphology and ...
Holowinski Maureen - - 2010
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is important in diagnosing musculoskeletal injuries in horses. However, there is still much to learn regarding the significance of lesions identified in equine MR images. Of particular importance is the clinical significance of signal change as a function of pulse sequence. We hypothesized that a resolution ...
Bancroft Laura W - - 2010
This article will review the normal anatomy of the pelvic tendons as well as abnormalities such as tendinopathy, partial- and full-thickness tendon tears, myotendinous injuries, snapping hip syndrome, osseous avulsive injuries at tendinous attachments, calcific tendinitis, and tumor. MRI and sonography are useful imaging methods to directly evaluate suspected abnormalities ...
Ferkel Richard D - - 2010
The usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been questioned in evaluating patients with chronic ankle sprain pain. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness and reliability of routine MR imaging in the diagnosis of anterolateral soft tissue impingement. Inclusion criteria required that the MR examinations be ...
Kinugasa Ryuta - - 2010
Tendinous tissues respond to chronic unloading with adaptive changes in mechanical, elastic, and morphological properties. However, little is known about the changes in the detailed structures of the entire tendinous tissue and whether the change in tendon stiffness is related to morphology. We investigated changes in dimensional (volume, cross-sectional area, ...
Gonzalez Liara M - - 2010
Lameness originating from the metacarpo(tarso)phalangeal (MP) joint has a significant effect on the use and athletic competitiveness of a horse. The identification of the cause of lameness originating from the MP joint can be challenging, given the limitations of radiography, ultrasonography, and nuclear scintigraphy. Our purpose was to describe the ...
Saini Raghav - - 2010
We aimed to study the regeneration potential of tendo-achilles after percutaneous tenotomy in 34 clubfeet treated by Ponseti's technique. Clinical and MRI evaluation was done after 6 weeks and 6 months of tenotomy to assess the regeneration of the tendon. At the follow-up, Achilles tendon was palpated like a cord ...
Barfett Joe - - 2010
Volumetric computed tomography offers improved potential to perform perfusion analysis in peripheral musculoskeletal structures. Despite poor baseline tissue enhancement and artifacts from adjacent bone, reproducible perfusion estimates were attained using a volumetric en bloc technique in the plantar muscle compartment, Achilles tendon, and subcalcaneal adipose tissue of 16 feet in ...
Buck Florian M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To relate histologic changes in rotator cuff tendons to the appearance on T1-weighted as well as fat-suppressed T2-weighted and proton density-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T1-weighted, fat-suppressed T2-weighted and fat-suppressed proton density-weighted sequences of 18 cadaveric shoulders were acquired. The supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and subscapularis tendons ...
Russell Jeffrey A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ballet dancers require extreme range of motion of the ankle, especially weight-bearing maximum plantar flexion (en pointe). In spite of a high prevalence of foot and ankle injuries in ballet dancers, the anatomy and pathoanatomy of this position have not been sufficiently studied in weight-bearing. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Gheno Ramon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the anatomical features of Kager fat pad (KFP) and its fasciae using magnetic resonance imaging, gross anatomy, and histology in cadavers; and to correlate the data with image findings in patients. METHODS: The KFP was analyzed in 10 fresh human cadavers and 152 clinical cases. The retrospective ...
Baeumlin Yseult - - 2010
To describe the normal anatomy of the soft tissues stabilizing the canine elbow observed by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Descriptive study. Cadavers of large breed dogs (n=3). Immediately after euthanasia, T1- and T2-weighted MR images of both elbows of each dog were made in sagittal, transverse, and dorsal planes. Elbows ...
Zanetti Marco - - 2010
This review article describes the postoperative magnetic resonance (MR) findings relating to surgery after tendon repair, ligament repair, and Morton's neuroma resection. The normal postoperative tendon is commonly thickened, showing signal changes that are most pronounced 3 to 6 months after surgery. Two years after tendon suture, the signal intensity ...
Ek┼či M S - - 2010
Posterior epidural disc migration is a rare event. Many differential diagnoses are possible in the posterior epidural space other than disc disease. This is a case report of L3-L4 posterior epidural disc herniation that was misdiagnosed as a tumor depending on the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging study with a peripheral ...
Trudel Guy - - 2010
Recurrence of tears is a common complication after rotator cuff surgery. Retearing seems to occur early after surgery and may be attributed to too early or too vigorous exercises. We found no experimental data correlating the strength of the rotator cuff early after surgery and imaging. Our objectives were to ...
Cochet Hubert - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to compare the diagnostic performance of CT arthrography and sonography in the diagnosis of anterolateral ankle impingement. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with clinically suspected anterolateral ankle impingement prospectively underwent ankle sonography and CT arthrography, immediately followed by an additional ankle sonography examination ...
Allison Sandra J - - 2010
Ultrasound is well-established as a safe, efficient, and cost-effective method to evaluate superficial structures about the ankle. The purpose of this video article is to review the anatomy, scanning techniques, and sonographic appearance of the tendons and ligaments of the ankle. Ultrasound is well-suited for imaging the tendons and ligaments ...
Lohman M - - 2010
Our aim was to analyse whether MRI is useful in the follow-up of reconstruction of the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the thumb, to describe normal postoperative findings, and to evaluate different MR sequences. Our study material consists of 10 patients who, because of a chronic ...
Pierre-Jerome Claude - - 2010
The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body; it plays an important role in the biomechanics of the lower extremity. It can withstand great forces, especially during sporting exercises and pivoting. The pathologies related to the Achilles tendon are diverse and many carry undesirable consequences. We retrospectively analyzed ...
Stevens Kathryn J - - 2010
Elbow pain is frequently encountered in clinical practice and can result in significant morbidity, particularly in athletes. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an excellent diagnostic imaging tool for the evaluation of soft tissue and osteochondral pathology around the elbow. Recent advances in magnetic field strength and coil design have lead ...
Schramme Michael - - 2010
Tendon injuries are common in athletic humans and horses. Ultrasonography is the diagnostic method of choice in horses with tendon injuries but there is increasing application of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to monitor and follow-up tendon healing. A core lesion was created in the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) of ...
Lee Shin Jae - - 2010
To evaluate the anomalous insertion of the pectoralis minor tendon with absence of the coracohumeral ligament on MR arthrography and to demonstrate the associated findings seen with this anatomical variation. We retrospectively reviewed the 335 MR arthrograms of the shoulder joint (mean age 37.8 years) performed from March 2000 to ...
Cass Andrea D - - 2010
Pediatric pes planovalgus deformity may be classified as flexible or rigid. The rigid pes planovalgus is often a result of a tarsal coalition, which is typically characterized as a painful unilateral or bilateral deformity, frequently associated with peroneal spasm. However, many tarsal coalitions are asymptomatic and demonstrate no peroneal spasm ...
Lee Jaejoon - - 2010
Kirner deformity is characterized by volar and radial incurvature of the distal phalanx of the 5th finger. A proposed causative mechanism includes abnormal distal insertion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon along the volar surface of the distal phalanx of the 5th finger. A chronic inflammatory process or altered vascularisation ...
Sutera R - - 2010
PURPOSE: This study assessed the usefulness of upright weight-bearing examination of the ankle/hind foot performed with a dedicated magnetic resonance (MR) imaging scanner in the evaluation of the plantar fascia in healthy volunteers and in patients with clinical evidence of plantar fasciitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January and March 2009, ...
Wan J M C - - 2010
Giant cell tumours of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) and pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) are part of a spectrum of benign proliferative lesions of synovial origin that may affect the joints, bursae and tendon sheaths. This review article describes the clinicopathological features and imaging findings in patients with GCTTS. GCTTS usually ...
Dufauret-Lombard Carine - - 2010
Ultrasonography can visualize calcific deposits within soft tissues. The appearance and location of the deposits distinguishes articular chondrocalcinosis from other crystal deposition diseases. The most common findings are hyperechoic dots or lines running parallel to the joint surface, hyperechoic images within fibrous cartilage (menisci and triangular fibrocartilage complex), and deposits ...
Gheno Ramon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study is to describe and define an anatomic variation located close to the bicipital groove using MRI with gross anatomic and histologic correlation in cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten fresh male human shoulders were harvested and used in this investigation. They were derived from persons ...
Walz Daniel M - - 2010
Epicondylitis commonly affects the elbow medially or laterally, typically in the 4th or 5th decade of life and without predilection with regard to sex. Epicondylitis is an inflammatory process that may be more accurately described as tendinosis. In the lateral epicondylar region, this process affects the common extensor tendon; in ...
Sakamoto Takashi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the differences in hearing results and complications between the conventional technique (CT) and potassium titanyl phosphate laser (KTP) laser-assisted stapes surgery that does not involve the manipulation of the foot plate. METHODS: Ninety-eight ears with conductive or mixed hearing loss ...
Stecco Carla - - 2010
Research report. To evaluate the anatomical characteristics of the ankle retinacula and their relationship with the fasciae and muscles in healthy subjects and in patients with ankle sprain outcomes. The role of the retinacula in proprioception has begun to emerge, but without clear anatomical bases or descriptions of their possible ...
Labens Raphael - - 2010
Sonography is commonly used for diagnosis of desmopathy of the proximal part of the suspensory ligament in horses. However, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has been stated to be superior for detecting disease and localizing lesions. In this retrospective study of 39 horses or 46 hind limbs with lameness due to ...
Tuncyurek Ozum - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the morphometry of patellar tendon with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to reveal the relation between patellar tendon properties and anterior knee pain (AnKP). METHODS: Twenty-three patients with AnKP and nine healthy individuals were included in the study. Patients with knee anomaly that may cause AnKP were ...
Young Ki Won - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to determine the area of the talus that can be reached through combined anterior and posterior arthrotomy without medial malleolar osteotomy. Five fresh-frozen cadaver foot-ankle specimens were examined using posteromedial approach and anteromedial approach. We calculated the size of the marked area beginning from ...
Sofka Carolyn M - - 2010
The diagnosis of posterior hindfoot pain may prove to be elusive as there are many potential causes of hindfoot pain, including both soft tissue and osseous abnormalities. This is a case presentation of os trigonum syndrome, with the diagnosis suggested by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), confirmed by ultrasound, and treated ...
Festa Anthony - - 2010
PURPOSE: A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the elbow is often obtained to confirm the clinical suspicion of a distal biceps tendon rupture. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of MRI in diagnosing partial and complete distal biceps tendon ruptures as determined at the time ...
Trudel Guy - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the usefulness of clinical imaging in predicting the mechanical properties of rabbit Achilles tendons after acute injury. METHODS: We created a 2 x 7-mm full-thickness central tendon defect in one Achilles tendon of healthy rabbits. Rabbits in groups of 10 were killed immediately and 4 and 8 ...
Linklater James - - 2009
Impingement is defined as a painful limitation of motion. Impingement lesions as identified on MR imaging of the ankle may relate to a range of soft tissue or bony pathologies that can be interpreted as predisposing to painful limitation of motion, accepting that the diagnosis of impingement remains clinical and ...
Patel Chirag V - - 2009
MR imaging of the foot and ankle in children poses unique challenges, not only because of technical issues, but also because of the variations produced by age related changes. However, because of its excellent soft tissue contrast (especially helpful in delineating cartilage related abnormalities), MR imaging offers a distinct advantage ...
Buck Florian M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to relate alterations in biceps tendon diameter and signal on MR images to gross anatomy and histology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T1-weighted, T2-weighted fat-saturated, and proton density-weighted fat-saturated spin-echo sequences were acquired in 15 cadaveric shoulders. Biceps tendon diameter (normal, flattened, thickened, and partially ...
Buck Florian M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine the precise anatomy and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging appearance of the chiasma crurale in cadavers, paying special attention to degenerative changes MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve fresh human ankles were harvested from 11 nonembalmed cadavers (mean age at death 77 years) and used according to institutional guidelines. MR ...
Sanal Hatice Tuba - - 2009
Atypical mycobacterial tenosynovitis of the wrist can easily be misdiagnosed as synovial chondromatosis. Both sonography and magnetic resonance imaging plays an important role in depicting "rice bodies" within the distended tendon sheaths and bursae of atypical mycobacterial infection. An endemic place for Mycobacterium species and the occupation of the patient ...
O'Neill Patrick J - - 2010
Chondral lesions, peroneal tendon tears, and other disorders in patients with chronic ankle instability may not be detected by preoperative MRI. Also, MRI often is obtained and interpreted at the referring institution, leading to variability in reading. We assessed the accuracy of the radiologists' and orthopaedic surgeon's reading of preoperative ...
Buck Florian M - - 2010
To describe osseous landmarks that allow identification of the attachments of the ligaments and tendons in the distal medial aspect of the humerus. Reliable osseous landmarks in the distal medial aspect of the humerus were identified in 34 well-preserved specimens from a paleopathologic collection. These osseous landmarks were then sought ...
Ravikumar H - - 2009
"Reduction en masse of inguinal hernia" means reduction/migration of a hernial sac into the properitoneal space. We report the CT findings in a case of reduction en masse with strangulated obstruction. CT scan demonstrated a hernial sac with fibrous constriction band at the neck, situated in the properitoneal space superior ...
Parker Lee - - 2009
The literature states that proper management of Madura foot strongly depends on accurate identification of the causative organism. We describe the case of a patient with Madura foot who was diagnosed with eumycetoma after the dot-in-circle sign, which has been previously reported in regard to magnetic resonance images of this ...
Donovan Andrea - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction with secondary hindfoot valgus can lead to painful extraarticular, lateral talocalcaneal, and subfibular impingements, often necessitating surgical intervention. The purpose of this study was to correlate findings of lateral hindfoot impingement with grading of posterior tibial tendon tears and severity of hindfoot valgus on MRI. ...
Daftary Aditya - - 2009
The Achilles tendon is a frequent site of foot and ankle discomfort. Its superficial location lends it to excellent evaluation by ultrasonography. Continuing advances in US have enabled evaluation of Achilles pathology with unprecedented accuracy and efficiency in a cost-effective manner. For these reasons, radiologists are likely to be called ...
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