Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 912
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Lo L D - - 2001
In this retrospective study, we describe the MR imaging patterns of various causes of flexor hallucis longus tendon entrapment. Entrapment of the flexor hallucis longus tendon may be due to an enlarged os trigonumtarsitarsi, calcaneal fracture, and soft-tissue scar. These disorders have characteristic imaging findings that may be revealed on ...
Balen P F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of abnormalities of the spring ligament, sinus tarsi, and plantar fascia revealed on MR imaging in a group of patients with advanced injury of the posterior tibial tendon. MATERIALS AND METHODS; MR images from 25 patients with advanced posterior ...
Recht M P - - 2001
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the foot and ankle is playing an increasingly important role in the diagnosis of a wide range of foot and ankle abnormalities, as well as in planning for their surgical treatment. For an optimal MR study of the foot and ankle, it is necessary to ...
Vandeputte G - - 2001
We report a complication following trapeziectomy and tendon interposition. Subcutaneous herniation of the tendon interposition occurred in 3 of 412 cases in which trapeziectomy, ligament reconstruction, and tendon interposition were performed. This herniation occurred posterolaterally in the early postoperative period and resulted in dorsal swelling and superficial pain. Magnetic resonance ...
Saxena A - - 2001
A review of 63 magnetic resonance images of 86 ankles was performed. (There were 23 bilateral studies.) A contiguous fascial band from the deep posterior compartment to the Achilles tendon watershed region was noted in 83 ankles. This fascial band enveloped the watershed region, coursing from the flexor (lacinate) ligament ...
Johansson L C - - 2001
To examine the hydrodynamic propulsion mechanism of a diving great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus), the three-dimensional kinematics was determined by digital analysis of sequential video images of dorsal and lateral views. During the acceleration phase of this foot-propelled bird, the feet move through an arc in a plane nearly normal ...
Berberian W S WS New Jersey Medical School, Newark 07103-2714, USA. - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to document radiographic trends in the size and location of osteophytes occurring in patients who have undergone surgical treatment of bony anterior ankle impingement. All patients over a period of 31 months who had undergone surgical excision of anterior ankle osteophytes were identified. 9 ...
Pelc J S - - 2001
Clinically, three-dimensional CT of the extremities is most often used to display bony anatomy. However, by combining unenhanced CT with volume-rendering computer graphics, visualization of relationships between bone and soft-tissue structures such as muscle tendon is also possible. The aims of this study were to quantify CT attenuation values of ...
Pain M T - - 2001
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the motion of the soft tissue of the lower leg contributes significantly to the attenuation of the forces during heel impacts. To examine this, a two-dimensional model of the shank and heel pad was developed using DADS. The model ...
Thomas R H - - 2001
The imaging techniques available to aid the diagnosis of ruptures of tendo Achillis, the rotator cuff and the tendon of tibialis posterior in rheumatoid patients are well described. However, ruptures of tendon or muscle at other sites are uncommon and may be overlooked. Diagnosis is often made by localised tenderness, ...
Hayem G - - 2001
Tendons were long given little recognition by rheumatologists. Yet, their complex structure and distinctive functional characteristics have been demonstrated by an abundance of histological, biochemical, and biomechanical studies: clearly, tendons are not inert cords linking muscles to bones. The current wave of popularity of sporting activities has brought with it ...
Bohne W H - - 2001
Tarsal coalition is a common abnormality of the hindfoot skeleton that only rarely leads to symptoms. These symptoms occur most commonly in adolescence but rarely can be found also in adults. Although most coalitions are congenital, as the consequence of autosomal dominant inheritance, coalitions also can be acquired by degenerative ...
Francis I C - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study describes and tests in a cadaveric model a new method of fixation designed for potential stabilization of the posterior limb of the medial canthal tendon, using biodegradable Tag anchors. METHODS: Study of the possibility of performing surgery to repair medial ectropion using biodegradable polyglyconate Tag anchors was ...
Rispoli D M - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the hamstring graft harvest site after harvesting the hamstring tendons to reconstruct a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). TYPE OF STUDY: Case series. METHODS: We performed MRI on 21 patients who had previously undergone ...
Popovic N - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to compare the manifestations of elbow stress due to repetitive valgus forces between the dominant and the non-dominant elbow in 40 uninjured elite team handball players using plain films, stress radiographs, ultrasound, and MRI examination. On comparative plain films generalized bony hypertrophy manifested by ...
Smith J P JP - - 2001
Since its original description by O'Driscoll in 1991, PLRI is becoming increasingly recognized as a significant cause of elbow pathology. It is well documented that this problem results from an insufficiency of the radial ulnohumeral ligament and its related lateral structures, and that this insufficiency is usually the result of ...
Lohman M - - 2001
PURPOSE: MR imaging has been shown as the best radiologic method for verifying and classifying acute ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) ruptures of the thumb. Our aim was to analyse the usefulness of MR also in old ruptures and to establish the most useful sequences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten patients with ...
Kazuki K - - 2000
Chondroma of soft tissue is rare. We report a patient in whom a chondroma occurred within the flexor tendon sheath of the index finger. Magnetic resonance imaging showed the extent of the tumor, which wrapped around flexor tendons within the sheath, but did not invade either tendons or sheath. Total ...
Rasmussen O S - - 2000
Recent advances in ultrasound technology and the development of high-resolution ultrasound transducers have enabled detailed depiction of superficial musculoskeletal structures. While in the past considered as complementary to magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, modern ultrasound has clearly become competitive. It is now the imaging modality of choice for evaluating tendon pathology. ...
Sijbrandij E S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the presence and location of subchondral bone contusions, fractures, and "kissing" lesions of the talotibial joint after a sprain of the ankle shown on MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the images of all consecutive patients who underwent MR ...
Haims A H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate MR imaging characteristics of symptomatic as compared with asymptomatic Achilles tendons. DESIGN: 1.5 T MR images of 94 feet (88 patients) with "abnormal" MR examinations were retrospectively evaluated and clinically correlated. Two masked, independent observers systematically evaluated for intratendon T2 signal, tendon thickness, presence of peritendonitis, retrocalcaneal ...
Slavotinek J P - - 2000
PURPOSE: To examine shoulder appearances at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in long-term dialysis recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two chronic dialysis recipients underwent 1.0-T MR imaging with a combination of T1-, T2-, and T2*-weighted sequences. Rotator cuff tendon thickening was graded as present or absent by a musculoskeletal radiologist, who also ...
Rosenberg Z S - - 2000
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has opened new horizons in the diagnosis and treatment of many musculoskeletal diseases of the ankle and foot. It demonstrates abnormalities in the bones and soft tissues before they become evident at other imaging modalities. The exquisite soft-tissue contrast resolution, noninvasive nature, and multiplanar capabilities of ...
Hauger O - - 2000
PURPOSE: To describe the normal anatomy of the finger flexor tendon pulley system, with anatomic correlation, and to define criteria to diagnose pulley abnormalities with different imaging modalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three groups of cadaveric fingers underwent computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and ultrasonography (US). The normal anatomy ...
Anderson M W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of abnormal signal intensity within the sinus tarsi with abnormalities of the posterior tibial tendon (PTT) on MR imaging. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: Sinus tarsi abnormalities were identified on 30 ankle MR examinations in 29 patients. The PTT and anterior talofibular ligament were retrospectively analyzed for ...
Esenyel C Z - - 2000
A 21-year-old woman presented with a painful swelling of her palm which prevented her from fully extending her fourth finger. Magnetic resonance imaging showed synovial thickening around the flexor tendon and fluid in the tendon sheath. The mass was excised and histopathological examination showed tuberculosis. She had a six-month course ...
Yu J S - - 2000
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has emerged as an important noninvasive diagnostic imaging technique for assessment of foot pathology. This modality, owing to its multiplanar imaging capability and inherent superiority in contrast, has been shown to be more accurate and sensitive for detection of plantar fascia pathology than any other imaging ...
Bencardino J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We determined the prevalence of clinically silent Morton's neuroma and searched for distinguishing MR imaging features of Morton's neuroma in patients with clinical complaints related to this entity and in patients with clinically silent lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One radiologist who was unaware of clinical findings retrospectively reviewed 85 ...
Saxena A A Department of Sports Medicine, Palo Alto Medical Foundation, CA 94301, USA. - - 2000
A retrospective review of 63 Magnetic Resonance Image studies (yielding 86 ankles) was conducted to find the incidence of the plantaris tendon. Radiographically, the plantaris tendon was visualized 62.8% of the time. Surgical confirmation of this tendon during 18 achilles surgeries yielded 13 "true positives" and 4 "true negatives". Sensitivity ...
Karjalainen P T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to illustrate and classify the abnormalities found on high-resolution MR imaging of symptomatic Achilles tendons in athletic adult patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with 118 painful Achilles tendons were imaged with a 1.5-T magnet. The tendon, peritendinous tissues, tendon insertion, and musculotendinous junction ...
Rand T - - 2000
High resolution MRI was performed on four cadaveric foot specimens of human feet to demonstrate the ligaments of the tarsal joints. Spin echo T1 images were obtained using a local gradient coil that produces 6 G/cm and 100 A in all three axes. The best views for each of the ...
Duplechain M T - - 2000
This article illustrates the utility of musculoskeletal magnetic resonance imaging in providing contrast resolution of soft body tissues (i.e., biceps tendon) and pathologic processes (i.e., synovial sarcoma). The evaluation of biceps tendon injury and the diagnosis/staging of synovial sarcoma are best complemented by this most sensitive, non-invasive imaging method, particularly ...
Major N M NM Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2000
Longitudinal split tears of the peroneus brevis tendon have been increasingly reported as a source of lateral ankle pain and disability. MR imaging is useful in identifying the appearance of longitudinal split tears of the peroneus brevis tendon to differentiate this entity from other causes of chronic lateral ankle pain. ...
Rawool N M - - 2000
Ultrasound is an excellent tool for evaluating common ankle problems. it is more economical than MRI and its real-time nature helps in correlating the study with the symptomatic area. US can be used in ankle to evaluate tendons (including tears, tendinitis and tenosynovitis), joints, plantar fascia, ligaments, soft tissue masses, ...
Lee J - - 2000
MR imaging is the optimal imaging technique to study the normal and abnormal conditions of the pectoralis major muscle and tendon unit. The purpose of this study was to use MR imaging to provide an anatomic survey of the normal pectoralis major tendon and its insertion and to compare these ...
Bureau N J - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings in seven patients with posterior ankle impingement (PAI) syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients-three ballet dancers, one badminton player, one soccer player, one hockey player, and one construction worker-who presented with posterior ankle pain were assessed with MR imaging. Their clinical ...
Lomasney L M - - 2000
Computed tomography is a primary imaging technique for evaluating congenital and developmental anomalies of the foot and ankle. Other imaging modalities have special capabilities, but computed tomography is a fast, safe, and effective method of assessing the anatomy. To demonstrate this point, the authors present and discuss imaging findings of ...
Aletras A H - - 2000
Proton double quantum filtered (DQF) NMR imaging was applied in vivo to the human wrist and ankle with a clinical 1.5 T MR scanner. Water molecules having anisotropic motion were detected from tendons and ligaments. Images of Achilles tendon were obtained for a voxel size of 1.25 x 1.25 x ...
Dürr H R - - 2000
Partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon is a relatively rare event, and various degrees of partial tendon tears have been reported. In the current study four patients with partial atraumatic distal biceps tendon tears (mean age, 59 years; range, 40-82 years) are reported. In all four patients, a common ...
Moss C J CJ Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the Royal Melbourne Hospital, - - 2000
This study documents the anatomy of the deep attachments of the superficial fasciae within the temporal and periorbital regions. A highly organized and consistent three-dimensional connective tissue framework supports the overlying skin and soft tissues in these areas. The regional nerves and vessels display constant and predictable relationships with both ...
Timins M E - - 2000
MR imaging provides significant anatomic detail for the evaluation of disorders of the osseous and soft tissue structures of the foot and ankle. This article describes the normal anatomy and post-traumatic conditions of the ligaments and tendons of the ankle. Other disorders of the soft tissues and osseous structures discussed ...
Blaik M A - - 2000
The objective of this study was to define the normal gross anatomic appearance of the adult equine tarsus on a low-field magnetic resonance (MR) image. Six radiographically normal, adult, equine tarsal cadavers were utilized. Using a scanner with a 0.064 Tesla magnet, images were acquired in the sagittal, transverse and ...
Trnka H J - - 2000
Arthrography is the intra-articular injection of contrast media. This article reviews the normal and pathologic findings of standard arthrography and MR imaging arthrography of the ankle and subtalar joint. Standard arthrography is used primarily after acute ankle sprains, whereas MR imaging arthrography is used for staging and detecting osteochondritis dissecans ...
Erickson S J - - 2000
Sonography of the foot and ankle is a quick, relatively inexpensive imaging modality that can be used to diagnose a variety of pathologic conditions. Sonography is particularly well suited for the assessment of tendons, soft-tissue masses, and suspected foreign bodies. Visualization of internal structural detail typically equals or exceeds that ...
Narváez J A - - 2000
Heel pain is a common and frequently disabling clinical complaint that may be caused by a broad spectrum of osseous or soft-tissue disorders. These disorders are classified on the basis of anatomic origin and predominant location of heel pain to foster a better understanding of this complaint. The disorders include ...
Gibbon W W - - 2000
PURPOSE: We conducted a retrospective study of the distribution of sonographically detected abnormalities in the heels of patients who had a clinical diagnosis of Achilles tendinosis. METHODS: One hundred eighteen symptomatic heels in 73 patients who had a clinical diagnosis of chronic Achilles tendinosis were examined over a 12-month period ...
Hanlon R - - 2000
This review article describes the imaging finding of the connective tissue disorders in children. The radiological features of the following conditions are described; the spondyloarthropathics, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), dermatomyositis, scleroderma, the vasculitides, Kawasaki disease, synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis (SAPHO), and focal myositis. The features on several integrated imaging ...
Shih W J - - 2000
A man with complaint of soreness in the right medial ankle underwent three-phase bone scintigraphy; the results of the study suggested chronic active osteomyelitis or cellulitis, he was on antibiotics and was not experiencing any improvement. MR imaging confirmed Achilles tendon rupture. This case illustrates that a positive three-phase study ...
Kumar B A - - 2000
Four patients had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after a clinical diagnosis of a flexor digitorum profundus tendon rupture of the hand. The delay before presentation ranged from 1 to 5 weeks. Three patients had closed ruptures and one had a minor laceration which had healed. MRI showed proximal retraction of ...
Swen W A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Finger extensor tenosynovitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may lead to partial and eventually to complete tendon tears. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of sonography (SG) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to visualize partial tendon tears. METHODS: Twenty-one RA patients with finger extensor tenosynovitis ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >