Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 891
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Clark Robert A RA Department of Ophthalmology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2002
To determine the effect of rectus extraocular muscle (EOM) transposition with posterior fixation (PF), we employed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to demonstrate pulley inflections in EOM paths before and after surgery in patients with paralytic strabismus. Consecutive interventional case series. Five consecutive patients (three males and two females with a ...
Möller Michael - - 2002
This prospective, randomized trial compared healing characteristics of the Achilles tendon after surgical and nonsurgical treatment for complete rupture of the Achilles tendon. Fifty-eight patients were examined by ultrasonography after 6, 12, and 24 months and by magnetic resonance imaging after 12 months. A standardized protocol was used, and the ...
Chen Y C - - 2001
A patient with a history of Sjögren's syndrome developed chronic arthritis of left ankle. It was diagnosed as arthritis of the Sjögren's syndrome initially. However, joint pain persisted despite corticosteroid therapy. Sonography disclosed a multiloculated cystic lesion with peripheral hyperechoic enhancement around left ankle and extended to Achilles tendon and ...
Mihmanli I - - 2001
We present a case of acute retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis with characteristic findings on radiographic, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To our knowledge, this is the first acute retropharyngeal calcific tendinitis report having inflammation of both the vertebra itself and the longus colli muscle diagnosed on MRI. In patients ...
Awaya H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We describe the anatomy and MR imaging appearance of elbow plicae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First, five cadavers were evaluated by sectioning and using MR arthrography for evidence of normal or prominent synovial folds to determine the potential origin of elbow plicae. Next, 164 consecutive MR images were evaluated to ...
Ikoma K - - 2001
The (1)H double-quantum filtered (DQF) NMR and DQF MRI is applied to the joint tissues of rabbits for selective visualization of tendons, menisci and articular cartilage. The (1)H DQF NMR selectively filters double-quantum coherence arising from the (1)H dipolar interaction of the "bound" water in these tissues. The double-quantum creation ...
Oatridge A - - 2001
Tendons do not normally produce detectable signals with conventional magnetic-resonance techniques and are recognised as dark signal voids. However, if tendons are examined at 55 degrees to the static magnetic field (the "magic angle"), signals become detectable and the tendons can become the brightest structure on the image. We have ...
Ashman C J - - 2001
Many disorders produce discomfort in the metatarsal region of the forefoot. These disorders include traumatic lesions of the soft tissues and bones (eg, turf toe, plantar plate disruption, sesamoiditis, stress fracture, stress response), Freiberg infraction, infection, arthritis, tendon disorders (eg, tendinosis, tenosynovitis, tendon rupture), nonneoplastic soft-tissue masses (eg, ganglia, bursitis, ...
Theumann N H - - 2001
PURPOSE: To describe the normal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-depicted anatomy of the intermetatarsal spaces, with emphasis on the MR imaging appearance of the intermetatarsal bursae, and to correlate the MR findings with those seen in anatomic sections and at histopathologic analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional radiography and pre- and postcontrast ...
Richards P J - - 2001
AIM: To assess whether abnormal Achilles tendon (TA) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectral ultrasound (US) features have associated development of microvascular power Doppler (PD) flow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective, controlled and blinded study six patients with TA symptoms were compared to five with other ankle abnormalities. Two ...
Robinson P - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography in assessing the anterolateral recess of the ankle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients with chronic ankle pain prospectively underwent gadolinium-enhanced MR arthrography of the tibiotalar joint. All underwent clinical examination and were included if anterolateral impingement (n = 13) or ...
Morvan G - - 2001
Because of their size and superficial location the ankle tendons can be well evaluated with ultrasound (US). The excellent definition of the modern high frequency probes allows us to consider US the technique of first choice in their assessment. Basic US appearances correlate well with the MRI findings. Since US ...
Martinoli C - - 2001
This article describes the use of ultrasound (US) in the evaluation of the elbow. US is able to visualize several abnormalities affecting tendons, muscles, ligaments and bursae around the elbow joint as well as to delineate the nature of soft-tissue swelling, such as a space-occupying lesion or synovial enlargement. Occult ...
Weishaupt D - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and anatomic distribution of occult and palpable ganglia of the foot and ankle as seen by MRI. Within a 7-year period MRI of the ankle was performed on 2813 patients, and MRI of the foot on 2277 patients using a ...
Chung C B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the MR imaging findings that occur between the posterior inferolateral patellar tendon and the lateral femoral condyle in patients with chronic anterior and or lateral knee pain. PATIENTS AND DESIGN: A retrospective review of the MR images in 42 patients who presented with chronic anterior or lateral ...
Pasternack I - - 2001
PURPOSE: To highlight the importance of meta-analysis in diagnostic imaging by presenting a systematic search of the literature on the accuracy of MR imaging in epicondylitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The literature was comprehensively reviewed to identify studies on MR findings in epicondylitis. Reviewers blind to the clinical diagnoses screened the ...
Cheung Y - - 2001
Ankle sprains are among the most common musculoskeletal injuries. MR imaging is useful in establishing an accurate diagnosis and, before initiation of treatment, excluding other causes of persistent ankle pain. This article reviews the common features of acute and chronic ligamentous injuries on MR imaging and site-specific pathologic lesions related ...
Bencardino J T - - 2001
This article focuses on the contributions of MR imaging and CT toward the evaluation of painful osseous abnormalities of the foot and ankle. Inconclusive findings on conventional radiographs often mandate further work up with the more advanced cross-sectional imaging techniques. Often, however, the radiologist remains unsure, which modality, CT or ...
Morrison W B - - 2001
Infection and noninfection inflammatory diseases commonly affect the foot and ankle; they have a significant impact on the cost of medical care and are a major source of referral for MR imaging evaluation. Recognition of the MR imaging appearance of the various manifestations of these disorders is important so that ...
Morrison W B - - 2001
Diabetes is a common disease with potentially devastating complications affecting the foot and ankle. A combination of vascular disease, peripheral neuropathy, and immunopathy result in a cascade of conditions including ischemia/infarction, tendinopathy, atrophy, edema, deformity, neuropathic osteoarthopathy, callus, ulceration, and infection. The MR imaging appearance of these complications will be ...
Bencardino J T - - 2001
Normal anatomic variants may erroneously be interpreted as pathologic conditions on MR imaging of the ankle and foot. Therefore, sufficient knowledge of the normal anatomy and its variations is crucial for accurate diagnostic analysis of such images. This article will focus on outlining variants and MR imaging interpretation pitfalls of ...
Harty M P - - 2001
MR imaging plays a valuable role in the evaluation of foot and ankle in infants and children. In young children with nonossified bones, MR imaging offers the advantage of effectively demonstrating the cartilaginous anlage in addition to soft tissue and bone marrow. The MR imaging examination is tailored to the ...
Hsueh C J - - 2001
We report a case of synovial chondroma of the left ankle in an 11-year-old boy presenting with soft tissue swelling after recent trauma. The noncalcified or nonossified intraarticular chondroma arising from metaplastic synovium has characteristic imaging appearance on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A lobulated mass of ...
Maier M - - 2001
Today the clinical use of extracorporeal shockwave application (ESWA) for the treatment of lateral tennis elbow is hampered by the lack of results from randomized controlled trials and of predictive parameters of clinical outcome. The present prospective study aimed to provide the latter by means of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). ...
McAllister D R - - 2001
Autogenous bone-patellar tendon-bone is commonly used as graft material for cruciate ligament reconstructions. If this type of graft is too long, graft fixation other than an interference screw may be required. If it is too short, selection of another type of graft may be necessary. If the length of the ...
Harty M P - - 2001
Imaging pediatric foot disorders is a challenging task. Optimally exposed and well-positioned radiographs can answer many questions. Because many bones may not be completely ossified, however, CT or MR imaging is often needed to provide additional information to assist in the management of congenital and acquired lesions in the foot.
Peh W C - - 2001
A 46 year old man presented with a growing mass over his wrist. Erosions of the triquetrum and hamate were present radiographically. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a solid mass arising from the extensor carpi ulnaris tendon, which was T(1) hypointense and isointense, T(2) hypointense, and bloomed on gradient echo ...
Belli P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sonographic findings of distal biceps tendon ruptures and to assess the accuracy of the technique. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with clinically indicated distal biceps tendon ruptures were prospectively studied by sonography. Five patients also underwent magnetic resonance imaging. Surgical confirmation was obtained in 14 patients. RESULTS: Seventeen ...
Johansson L C - - 2001
To examine the hydrodynamic propulsion mechanism of a diving great crested grebe (Podiceps cristatus), the three-dimensional kinematics was determined by digital analysis of sequential video images of dorsal and lateral views. During the acceleration phase of this foot-propelled bird, the feet move through an arc in a plane nearly normal ...
Recht M P - - 2001
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the foot and ankle is playing an increasingly important role in the diagnosis of a wide range of foot and ankle abnormalities, as well as in planning for their surgical treatment. For an optimal MR study of the foot and ankle, it is necessary to ...
Morrison W B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe a pattern of subtendinous bone marrow edema on MR images of the ankle and to determine if there is an association with location of symptoms and overlying tendinopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At 1.5 T, 141 MR examinations of the ankle (116 clinical examinations of patients ...
Saxena A - - 2001
A review of 63 magnetic resonance images of 86 ankles was performed. (There were 23 bilateral studies.) A contiguous fascial band from the deep posterior compartment to the Achilles tendon watershed region was noted in 83 ankles. This fascial band enveloped the watershed region, coursing from the flexor (lacinate) ligament ...
Balen P F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of abnormalities of the spring ligament, sinus tarsi, and plantar fascia revealed on MR imaging in a group of patients with advanced injury of the posterior tibial tendon. MATERIALS AND METHODS; MR images from 25 patients with advanced posterior ...
Vandeputte G - - 2001
We report a complication following trapeziectomy and tendon interposition. Subcutaneous herniation of the tendon interposition occurred in 3 of 412 cases in which trapeziectomy, ligament reconstruction, and tendon interposition were performed. This herniation occurred posterolaterally in the early postoperative period and resulted in dorsal swelling and superficial pain. Magnetic resonance ...
Lo L D - - 2001
In this retrospective study, we describe the MR imaging patterns of various causes of flexor hallucis longus tendon entrapment. Entrapment of the flexor hallucis longus tendon may be due to an enlarged os trigonumtarsitarsi, calcaneal fracture, and soft-tissue scar. These disorders have characteristic imaging findings that may be revealed on ...
Berberian W S - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to document radiographic trends in the size and location of osteophytes occurring in patients who have undergone surgical treatment of bony anterior ankle impingement. All patients over a period of 31 months who had undergone surgical excision of anterior ankle osteophytes were identified. 9 ...
Pelc J S - - 2001
Clinically, three-dimensional CT of the extremities is most often used to display bony anatomy. However, by combining unenhanced CT with volume-rendering computer graphics, visualization of relationships between bone and soft-tissue structures such as muscle tendon is also possible. The aims of this study were to quantify CT attenuation values of ...
Thomas R H - - 2001
The imaging techniques available to aid the diagnosis of ruptures of tendo Achillis, the rotator cuff and the tendon of tibialis posterior in rheumatoid patients are well described. However, ruptures of tendon or muscle at other sites are uncommon and may be overlooked. Diagnosis is often made by localised tenderness, ...
Pain M T - - 2001
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the motion of the soft tissue of the lower leg contributes significantly to the attenuation of the forces during heel impacts. To examine this, a two-dimensional model of the shank and heel pad was developed using DADS. The model ...
Hayem G - - 2001
Tendons were long given little recognition by rheumatologists. Yet, their complex structure and distinctive functional characteristics have been demonstrated by an abundance of histological, biochemical, and biomechanical studies: clearly, tendons are not inert cords linking muscles to bones. The current wave of popularity of sporting activities has brought with it ...
Bohne W H - - 2001
Tarsal coalition is a common abnormality of the hindfoot skeleton that only rarely leads to symptoms. These symptoms occur most commonly in adolescence but rarely can be found also in adults. Although most coalitions are congenital, as the consequence of autosomal dominant inheritance, coalitions also can be acquired by degenerative ...
Lohman M - - 2001
PURPOSE: MR imaging has been shown as the best radiologic method for verifying and classifying acute ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) ruptures of the thumb. Our aim was to analyse the usefulness of MR also in old ruptures and to establish the most useful sequences. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten patients with ...
Francis I C - - 2001
PURPOSE: This study describes and tests in a cadaveric model a new method of fixation designed for potential stabilization of the posterior limb of the medial canthal tendon, using biodegradable Tag anchors. METHODS: Study of the possibility of performing surgery to repair medial ectropion using biodegradable polyglyconate Tag anchors was ...
Popovic N - - 2001
The purpose of this study was to compare the manifestations of elbow stress due to repetitive valgus forces between the dominant and the non-dominant elbow in 40 uninjured elite team handball players using plain films, stress radiographs, ultrasound, and MRI examination. On comparative plain films generalized bony hypertrophy manifested by ...
Rispoli D M - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the hamstring graft harvest site after harvesting the hamstring tendons to reconstruct a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). TYPE OF STUDY: Case series. METHODS: We performed MRI on 21 patients who had previously undergone ...
Smith J P JP - - 2001
Since its original description by O'Driscoll in 1991, PLRI is becoming increasingly recognized as a significant cause of elbow pathology. It is well documented that this problem results from an insufficiency of the radial ulnohumeral ligament and its related lateral structures, and that this insufficiency is usually the result of ...
Rasmussen O S - - 2000
Recent advances in ultrasound technology and the development of high-resolution ultrasound transducers have enabled detailed depiction of superficial musculoskeletal structures. While in the past considered as complementary to magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, modern ultrasound has clearly become competitive. It is now the imaging modality of choice for evaluating tendon pathology. ...
Sijbrandij E S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the presence and location of subchondral bone contusions, fractures, and "kissing" lesions of the talotibial joint after a sprain of the ankle shown on MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the images of all consecutive patients who underwent MR ...
Kazuki K - - 2000
Chondroma of soft tissue is rare. We report a patient in whom a chondroma occurred within the flexor tendon sheath of the index finger. Magnetic resonance imaging showed the extent of the tumor, which wrapped around flexor tendons within the sheath, but did not invade either tendons or sheath. Total ...
Haims A H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate MR imaging characteristics of symptomatic as compared with asymptomatic Achilles tendons. DESIGN: 1.5 T MR images of 94 feet (88 patients) with "abnormal" MR examinations were retrospectively evaluated and clinically correlated. Two masked, independent observers systematically evaluated for intratendon T2 signal, tendon thickness, presence of peritendonitis, retrocalcaneal ...
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