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Simpson R C RC Department of Dermatology, University Hospitals Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, UK. - - 2011
A 35-year-old male with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (nodular sclerosing, grade 1 histology, clinical stage 2A) underwent a positron emission tomography (PET) scan to assess response to treatment. Half body CT PET imaging was obtained using a Siemens Biograph scanner from eyes to thighs. 405 MBq of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) was injected ...
Shibata Sumiya - - 2011
To describe a simple technique for preoperative surface localization of intracranial lesions. 11 pills in total, including Alfarol (alfacalcidol) capsules, were affixed to a phantom with adhesive tape and a MRI scan was performed. The visibility of the pills and any spatial errors in determining their locations were evaluated. Between ...
Li Yuxin - - 2011
A 50-year-old man presented with initial complaints of diffuse skin pain and pruritus. Physical examination revealed scattered skin plaques and subcutaneous nodules with mild tenderness throughout the body. Skin biopsy demonstrated noncaseating epithelioid granulomas. Patient soon developed cough, fever with hot flashes, and shortness of breath on exertion. FDG PET/CT ...
Prasad Arun - - 2011
Objectives- The aim of this study was to compare airway anatomic parameters as measured by sonography and computed tomography (CT). Methods- Fifteen adult patients underwent CT followed by sonography of the anterior neck under standard conditions. A radiologist and an anesthesiologist with experience in airway imaging examined the scans and ...
Ueguchi Takashi - - 2011
To evaluate the potential of tetrahedral diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) compared to orthogonal DWI for detection and localization of early enhanced breast mass lesions at 1.5T. Sixty-seven consecutive patients (mean age 51.7 years, range 14-84 years) with 68 solitary early enhanced breast lesions suspicious for cancer on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance ...
Gilbert J W - - 2011
A variety of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-compatible skin-marker localization devices are available on the market. MRI protocols call for the liberal use of the skin markers over the specific site of symptoms or over any palpable mass. This study investigates the usefulness of patient-assisted placement of 1 000-mg fish oil capsules ...
Schullian Peter - - 2011
Objective: CT-guided biopsy still plays a decisive role in the management of liver tumors, especially if the lesions are not visible or accessible by ultrasound. As CT-guided stereotaxy appears to be a very accurate targeting technique, the aim of this study was to evaluate the targeting accuracy, diagnostic yield, and ...
Tamrazi Anobel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Clinical application efforts for the hepatocyte-specific MRI contrast agent gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) have mainly been directed toward detection and characterization of various hepatic masses in the adult population. OBJECTIVE: Here we report our initial experience with Gd-EOB-DTPA for evaluating congenital and acquired hepatobiliary pathologies in the ...
Glodzik Lidia L Center of Excellence on Aging, Center for Brain Health, Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2012
It is not well known whether Alzheimer's disease (AD) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are associated with brain damage in cognitively normal elderly. The combined influence of CSF biomarkers and hypertension (HTN) on the gray matter (GM) is also not well described. One hundred fifteen cognitively healthy subjects (mean age 62.6 ...
Solé-Padullés Cristina - - 2011
We aimed to assess the association between core cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers, regional brain atrophy and clinical severity in the Alzheimer's disease (AD) continuum, as well as to investigate how cognitive reserve (CR) may modulate these putative associations. Forty-nine subjects (11 controls, 10 patients with subjective memory complaints, 19 with ...
Park Hee-Jin - - 2011
The objective of our study was to evaluate the frequency and types of incidental findings of the lumbar spine during MR evaluation for herniated intervertebral disk disease. A total of 1268 patients (male-to-female ratio, 421:847; age range, 1-97 years) with clinically suspected herniated intervertebral disk disease underwent MRI of the ...
Pina Geraldine - - 2011
We report the case of a 3-year-old girl with intermittent rhinorrhea discovered after resolution of pneumococcal meningitis. Cerebral MRI and thin section CT were not conducive in this particular case. The 111In-DTPA planar cisternography confirmed but could not localize the cerebrospinal fluid leak. An anterior plasty was unsuccessful. A second ...
Kim Dong Wook - - 2011
Nonketotic hyperglycemia (NKH) is a clinical syndrome consisting of severe hyperglycemia, hyperosmolarity, and intracellular dehydration without ketoacidosis. Diverse neurologic symptoms have been described in patients with NKH, including hemichorea, seizure, hemianopsia, and coma, but the pathogenic explanation for these neurologic symptoms remains unclear. A 65-year-old female with poorly controlled diabetes ...
Martínez-Berganza Maria Teresa Escolar - - 2011
Total congenital occlusion of the foramina of Monro in adults is extremely rare. Only 9 cases have been reported. Clinically, this manifest as a biventricular hydrocephalus and the most frequent presenting symptom is headache. The diagnosis can be confirmed by computed tomographic scan or magnetic resonance imaging. Regarding treatment, neuroendoscopy ...
Ruiz-Ares Gerardo - - 2011
Primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PDLG) is a rare condition, with only 45 cases recorded to date, characterized by infiltration of the meninges by glial cells without evidence of primary tumor in the brain or spinal cord parenchyma. Here, we describe a patient with PDLG who was managed with tuberculostatic drugs ...
Martínez León M I - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To show the main findings for anaplastic ependymoma on MRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed all patients diagnosed with anaplastic ependymoma at our tertiary hospital during a six-year period. We recorded the MRI findings for this type of tumor (on conventional sequences following the protocol for the study of ...
Fjell Anders M - - 2011
Early detection is vital in the quest to develop a cure for Alzheimer's disease (AD), and CSF biomarkers (Aβ42, t-tau, p-tau) and MRI morphometry distinguish AD from healthy controls. Aβ42 and neurodegenerative biomarkers may precede clinical symptoms, but it is not clear whether AD invariably follows and whether neuropsychological tests ...
Rohr A C - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: IH can alter the configuration of anatomic structures of the central nervous system. We determined the sensitivity and specificity of MR imaging to detect these changes in patients with secondary IH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients (n = 36) with IH were prospectively investigated with MR imaging and ...
Berritto D - - 2011
PURPOS: Acute mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) is a life-threatening vascular emergency with a high mortality rate. Early diagnosis is the key to reducing its mortality rate and improving the quality of life. Although computed tomography (CT) is still the gold standard for acute intestinal disorders, over the last few years, magnetic ...
Magarelli N - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate correlations between the position of the tibial tunnel, its alignment with the ligament-screw system, presence of intratunnel fluid, position of the tibial tunnel with respect to the Blumensaat line and clinical knee stability in patients who underwent arthroscopic reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament ...
Hanaoka Kohei - - 2011
PURPOSE: To clarify the change in the fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake by the bone marrow over time after administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), we evaluated the correlation between the interval from the last day of administration of G-CSF to positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) study and spinal bone marrow accumulation ...
de Souza Leonardo C - - 2011
Hippocampal atrophy as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are supportive features for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and are assumed to be indirect pathological markers of the disease. In AD patients, antemortem MRI hippocampal volumes (HVs) correlate with the density of neurofibrillary ...
Formaglio Maïté - - 2011
Our objective was to evaluate amyloid deposition in posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), using both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarker analysis and amyloid imaging. Five PCA patients, selected based on their neuropsychological profile and atrophic changes in posterior regions on MRI, underwent CSF analysis. CSF amyloid-beta 1-42, total tau, and phosphorylated tau ...
Chattopadhyay P - - 2011
We report a case of lupus presenting with focal as well as diffuse neurological deficits with intracranial and subarachnoid haemorrhages and diffuse hyperintense lesions in T2-weighted and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images of brain magnetic resonance imaging proved by further investigation as demyelination, which completely recovered with intravenous methylprednisolone therapy. During ...
Carlson Andrew P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative imaging offers potential for utility in many clinical scenarios. Portable computed tomography (CT) offers a versatile potential alternative when immediate imaging may alter the surgical plan and magnetic resonance imaging is not practical. METHODS: The medical records from the University or New Mexico were reviewed for portable head ...
Lutz N W - - 2011
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is being analyzed for the diagnosis of a variety of neurological diseases. Among the methods employed, metabolomics and proteomics are increasingly gaining popularity. At present, sensitivity and, in particular, specificity are limited in CSF metabolomics by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Nonetheless, progress is being made by ...
Boyce Cody J - - 2011
PURPOSE: To describe and characterize a distinctive MDCT artifact related to intra-scan transit of contrast-enhanced luminal fluid, which we term the "dense waterfall". MATERIALS AND METHODS: 179 consecutive CT colonography studies were reviewed for the presence of this distinctive artifact within the prepared and distended colon. In addition, a phantom ...
Muralidharan Rajanandini - - 2011
To demonstrate a rare but potential mechanism of quadriplegia in a patient with fulminant pneumococcal meningitis complicated by severe intracranial hypertension. Case report. Intensive care unit. Patient  A 21-year-old man who presented with 3 days of headache, combativeness, and fever. Intervention  Antibiotics and steroids were initiated after lumbar puncture yielded ...
Probst R - - 2011
Any single permanent or electro magnet will always attract a magnetic fluid. For this reason it is difficult to precisely position and manipulate ferrofluid at a distance from magnets. We develop and experimentally demonstrate optimal (minimum electrical power) 2-dimensional manipulation of a single droplet of ferrofluid by feedback control of ...
Wong Victoria S S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis may present with seizures or neuropsychiatric symptoms, but does not typically present with hallucinations. We present a case of venous thrombosis of the right sigmoid and transverse sinuses that presented with auditory hallucinations and illusions. METHODS: We describe a 45-year-old woman with a history of ...
Pinto Pedro S - - 2011
Acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis (AHLE) is a rare and fulminant demyelinating disease considered to be the most severe form of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM). A 70-year-old man was admitted to our emergency department (ED) after 1 week of unspecific abdominal symptoms and moderate fever in the first 3 days. Within the ...
Mauer Uwe Max - - 2011
Object The microsurgical removal of obstructions to CSF flow is the treatment of choice in the surgical management of intradural arachnoid cysts. Cardiac-gated phase-contrast MR imaging is an effective tool for the primary diagnosis and localization of arachnoid cysts. Microsurgery, however, does not lend itself to assessments of further adhesions ...
Hoang Jenny K - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to describe a practical imaging approach to evaluating collections in the retropharyngeal space. The differential diagnoses for fluid in the retropharyngeal space include both noninfectious and infectious processes. The multiplanar capabilities of CT and MRI are ideal for characterizing and delineating collections. In this ...
Easley Jeremiah T - - 2011
Fourteen horses with septic arthritis underwent high-field (1.5 T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Septic arthritis was diagnosed based on results from historical and clinical findings, synovial fluid analyses and culture, and radiographic, ultrasonographic, arthroscopic, and histopathologic findings. MR findings included diffuse hyperintensity within bone and extracapsular tissue on fat-suppressed images in ...
Fatima Zareen - - 2011
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the displacement parameters in the brains of normal individuals relative to brain parenchymal abnormalities, such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and low-grade glioma, by q-space imaging (QSI) using 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five normal, three pathologically proven low-grade glioma, and five MS subjects ...
Brugger Peter C - - 2011
PURPOSE: To establish the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the normal fetal oesophagus and to supply metric data on its growth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 250 fetal MRI studies (20-39 gestational weeks) the visibility of the upper (O1: cervical to tracheal bifurcation) and lower oesophageal segment (O2: tracheal bifurcation ...
Faccioli N - - 2011
PURPOSE: The authors assessed the quality, diagnostic accuracy and patient acceptability of computed tomography (CT) colonography performed using a simplified bowel preparation and software for post-processing digital elimination of stool and fluid data from images compared with the examination obtained with conventional preparation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two groups of 40 ...
Schmitz Achim - - 2011
Aim:  To investigate the effect of fasting times for clear fluids and solids/non-clear fluids on gastric content volume using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods:  Pediatric patients undergoing diagnostic MRI under deep propofol sedation, with the stomach located within the area of diagnostic study, were included in this clinical observational study. ...
Kleine-Brueggeney M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st> Ultrasound-guided techniques are increasingly used in anaesthetic practice to identify tissues beneath the skin and to increase the accuracy of placement of needles close to targeted structures. To examine ultrasound's usefulness for dilatational tracheostomy, we performed ultrasound-guided tracheal punctures in human cadavers followed by computer-tomographic (CT) control. METHODS: ...
Sanossian Nerses N Stroke Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. - - 2013
Ischemic stroke is a common complication of cryptococcal meningitis. Fluid attenuated inversion recovery vascular hyperintensity (FVH) is a neuroimaging marker of sluggish blood flow usually seen in the setting of acute stroke. FVH have never been described in the setting of meningitis. Case report. A 20-year-old man with cryptococcal meningitis ...
Edsbagge M - - 2011
The amount of spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could be of importance for the understanding of CSF dynamics, CSF biomarker analyses as well as for the amount and effect of anaesthesia using intrathecally administered drugs. However, knowledge of spinal CSF volumes is scarce. The main purpose of this article is to ...
Dunn Robert - - 2011
Retrospective descriptive study. To evaluate the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in spinal tuberculosis and identify features that correlate with the neurologic status and outcome. MRI plays an important role in the diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis with a high specificity and sensitivity. It allows demonstration of bony, soft tissue ...
Yamada Yasunari - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the CT and MR images with pathologic findings on intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) complicated with intraductal hemorrhage, perforation, and fistula. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the CT (n = 5), MR imaging (n = 4), and pathological features of five IPMN patients complicated with intraductal hemorrhage (n = 5), perforation (n = 1), ...
Sano Hiromi - - 2011
We report a Japanese patient with a complaint of unilateral watery nasal discharge. Analysis of the nasal discharge showed it to contain high levels of sugar and transferrin, which indicated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea. A diagnosis of sphenoid sinus meningoencephalocele was easily made on the basis of the CT, MRI ...
Ideguchi Reiko - - 2011
Background Leptomeningeal high signal intensity (ivy sign) on fluid-attenuated inversion-recovery (FLAIR) MR imaging is one of the features of Moyamoya disease. However, the correlation between ivy sign and cerebral perfusion status has not been fully evaluated. Purpose To characterize ivy sign on FLAIR images in Moyamoya disease and compare this ...
Leschziner G - - 2011
We report a case of a patient with a rapidly progressive dementing illness and gait disturbance, in whom initial screening demonstrated a high methylmalonic acid level only, suggestive of a functional vitamin B(12) deficiency. Despite B(12) replacement therapy, he continued to decline. Further investigations demonstrated extensive signal change on magnetic ...
Takado Yuhei - - 2011
Background: The aim of this study was to find biomarkers of disease severity in multiple system atrophy of cerebellar type by imaging disease specific regions using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy on a 3.0 T system. Methods: We performed proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy separately in the pons and medulla on 12 ...
Baron Matthew L - - 2011
Blastomycosis (Blastomyces dermatitidis) is a fungal disease that is endemic in the southern United States. This case report illustrates the clinical, MRI and histopathologic findings in a dog with invasion of a retrobulbar blastomycotic lesion into the calvarium. A 5-year-old intact female Weimaraner was referred for a 2-month history of ...
Pauls Sandra - - 2011
BACKGROUND: An early diagnosis of meningitis is important to improve patients' survival. Data about a direct comparison of cerebrospinal fluid cytology (CSF-cytology) and MRI are very limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare these two diagnostic modalities in diagnosing meningitis in patients with hematopoietic and solid malignancies. ...
Fang Fei Fei - - 2011
Magnetorheological (MR) fluids are known to be colloidal suspensions of magnetic particles in a non-magnetic fluid, and exposure to a magnetic field transforms the fluid into a plastic-like solid in milliseconds. To improve the stability against sedimentation and uniform dispersion, two different MR candidates, soft magnetic carbonyl iron (CI) microspheres ...
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