Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1198
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Cauchon Nicole N Sherbrooke Molecular Imaging Centre, CRCHUS, and Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiobiology, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada J1H 5N4. - - 2014
Dynamic positron emission tomography (PET), combined with constant infusion of 2-deoxy-2-[(18)F]fluoro-d-glucose (FDG), enables real-time monitoring of transient metabolic changes in vivo, which can serve to understand the underlying physiology. Here we investigated characteristic changes in the tumour FDG-uptake profiles in relation to acute localized inflammatory responses induced by photodynamic therapy ...
de Andrade Alexandre Dângelo José DJ Instituto Nacional de Traumatologia e Ortopedia (Into), Ministério da Saúde, Rio de Janeiro (RJ), - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the use of (99m)Tc-anti-TNF-α scintigraphy for detecting inflammation of the sacroiliac joints in a patient with non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis. A 47-year-old female patient, non-smoker and non-drinker, complained of a low back pain inflammation, which began 4 years before her condition have exacerbated to ...
Agarwal Sheela S 1 Division of Abdominal Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit St, Boston, MA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Inflammatory hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a recently categorized entity of hepatocellular neoplasms. We investigated whether gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI can distinguish inflammatory HCA from focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH). MATERIALS AND METHODS. From January 1, 2009, through January 1, 2013, gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI examinations from two institutions were reviewed for HCA, ...
Dohan Anthony A Department of Body and Interventional Imaging, Hôpital Lariboisière, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, 75475, Paris Cedex 10, France, - - 2014
To investigate the role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWMRI) in the diagnosis of abscess-complicating fistula-in-ano. This retrospective study was approved by our Institutional Review Board and informed consent was waived. MRI examinations, including fat-suppressed T2-weighted turbo spin-echo (T2-TSE) MRI and DWMRI, of 24 patients with a fistula-in-ano, were reviewed ...
Kobayashi Masaki M Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, Japan, - - 2014
Tumefactive demyelinating lesions (TDLs) can mimic brain tumors on radiological images. TDLs are often referred to as tumefactive multiple sclerosis (TMS), but the heterogeneous nature and monophasic course of TDLs do not fulfill clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) criteria for multiple sclerosis. Redefining TDLs, TMS and other inflammatory brain ...
Tavares Ruben - - 2014
Permanent joint damage is a major consequence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most common and destructive form of inflammatory arthritis. In aggressive disease, joint damage can occur within 6 months from symptom onset. Early, intensive treatment with conventional and biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) can delay the onset and progression ...
Schoe Abraham - - 2014
Background:In cardiac surgery, preoperative mortality risk assessment tools like the EuroSCORE helps to guide physicians in optimizing perioperative care of patients. In this study, we investigated the value of preoperative levels of inflammatory (PCT) and vasoactive (CT-proAVP, MR-proANP, MR-proADM, CT-proET-1) biomarkers for risk assessment of mortality and morbidity and compared ...
Johnston Jennifer J Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 W. Grand Boulevard, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA, - - 2014
Stump appendicitis, also known as remnant appendicitis, is an uncommon entity with little radiologic literature. It is the result of unintentional incomplete appendectomy with subsequent inflammatory changes in the appendiceal remnant. A retrospective review of the radiology and pathology archives at our institution over an 8-year period yielded six surgically/pathologically ...
O'Neill Erin E Department of Radiology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Northwestern University, 676 North Saint Clair Street, Suite 800, Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2014
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the pancreas is useful as both a problem-solving tool and an initial imaging examination of choice. With newer imaging sequences such as diffusion-weighted imaging, MR offers improved ability to detect and characterize lesions and identify and stage tumors and inflammation. MR cholangiopancreatography can be used ...
Morris Georgina C GC Department of Genitourinary Medicine, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK Centre for Immunology and Infection, Hull-York Medical School, University of York, York, - - 2014
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) generates diagnostic difficulty even for experienced doctors. Junior doctors and nurses also assess women with symptoms suggestive of PID. We aimed to determine if and how PID diagnoses vary between clinicians with different experience levels. Cross-sectional study conducted in UK sexual health clinic, nested within a ...
Leiva-Salinas C C From the Departments of Radiology and Medical Imaging (C.L.-S., L.F., F.M.-E., P.L., L.M.-B.) and Physics (P.G.), ERESA (F.M.-E.), and GIBI Research Group (L.M.-B.), Hospital Universitario y Politécnico la Fe, Valencia, Spain; and Departments of Radiology and Medical Imaging (C.L.-S., L.F., M.W.) and Public Health Sciences (J.T.P.), University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia. - - 2014
CT is the imaging modality of choice to study the paranasal sinuses; unfortunately, it involves significant radiation dose. Our aim was to assess the diagnostic validity, image quality, and radiation-dose savings of dental conebeam CT in the evaluation of patients with suspected inflammatory disorders of the paranasal sinuses. We prospectively ...
Tadros Mina Ibrahim MI Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University, Cairo 11562, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current work aimed to develop novel composite sponges of chitosan (CH)-chondroitin sulfate (CS) as a low-density gastroretentive delivery system for lornoxicam (LOR). This triple anti-inflammatory therapy-loaded matrices are expected to expand and float upon contact with gastric fluids for prolonged times. CH and CS solutions (3%, w/w) were prepared, ...
Ghosh Alakendu A Department of Rheumatology, Department of General Medicine and Department of Radiology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.Department of Rheumatology, Department of General Medicine and Department of Radiology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. - - 2014
The aims of this study were to identify and characterize features of sacroiliitis in patients with non-radiographic inflammatory low back pain by ultrasonography (USG) and to correlate the findings with that of MRI. MRI and USG of SI joints were performed on 29 patients who fulfilled the definition of inflammatory ...
Toyota Tomoko T Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, - - 2014
Recently, some reports have indicated that limbic encephalitis associated with anti-voltage-gated potassium channel complex antibodies (VGKC-Ab) is a cause of adult-onset mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). We report a 53-year-old woman who had her first epileptic seizure at the age of 50 years old. Examination by 3-Tesla brain MRI revealed ...
- - 2014
We report a case of limbic encephalitis with LGI1 antibodies and cranial MRI abnormality. A 41-year-old woman who presented with confusional state that had started 1 month ago. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed hyperintense signal in right basal ganglia followed by hyperintense signals in left hippocampus and bilateral basal ganglia ...
Sonomura Tetsuo T From the *Department of Radiology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama; and †Department of Radiology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
We present the case of a right lung nodule discovered on routine chest x-ray in an asymptomatic 62-year-old man. CT revealed a spiculated nodule in segment 1 of the right upper lobe, 2.2 cm in diameter and without calcification. The nodule showed high focal FDG uptake (SUVmax, 17.8) on PET. ...
Wong Wing-Tak - - 2014
Inflammatory responses are closely related to cancers progression and several diseases. Anti-inflammatory drugs that bind to inducible enzymes can be used as biomarker for molecular imaging. Selective targeted contrast agents are expected to improve contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in MRI at the site of inflammation. In this work, three new Gd3+ ...
Kumasaka Soma - - 2014
Hepatic angiomyolipoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor. We report an unusual case of a patient with multiple hepatic angiomyolipomas exhibiting high 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake. A 29-year-old man with a medical history of tuberous sclerosis was admitted to our hospital for fever, vomiting, and weight loss. Abdominal dynamic computed ...
Deepak Parakkal P Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester MN, - - 2014
Radiographical modalities have become important diagnostic tools in cases of ulcerative colitis (UC). Imaging can be used non-invasively to determine the extent of involvement, severity of disease and to detect disease-related complications and extra-intestinal inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) manifestations. While abdominal X-rays and barium enemas still retain their relevance in ...
van Gaalen Floris A FA aDepartment of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center bWalaeus Library, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The - - 2014
Both MRI and plain radiography are used to assess sacroiliitis. A weakness of radiography - apart from its inability to detect early disease - is reader variability. On the contrary, experience with MRI is relatively limited by comparison. This review summarizes recent advances in sacroiliac joint imaging using radiography and ...
Miyagawa Masao M Department of Radiology, Ehime University Graduate School of - - 2014
Inflammation is a determinant of atherosclerotic plaque rupture, the event usually responsible for myocardial infarction and stroke. Possible causes of inflammatory cardiomyopathy include myocarditis, eosinophilic disease, and sarcoidosis. Although conventional imaging techniques can identify the site and severity of luminal stenosis, they do not provide information regarding inflammatory status. (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ...
Andersen Martin - - 2014
Despite the widespread use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Doppler ultrasound in detection of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity, little is known regarding the association of imaging activity and synovial pathology. The purpose of this study was to compare site specific release of inflammatory mediators with the corresponding anatomical ...
Nikolaidis Paul P From the Department of Radiology, Northwestern Memorial Hospital and Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N Saint Clair St, Suite 800, Chicago, IL 60611 (P.N., N.A.H., K.D., V.Y., C.G.W., D.S.M., C.B.H., J.M.H., S.M.B., F.H.M.); and Department of Radiology, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC - - 2014
The ampulla of Vater is an important anatomic landmark where the common bile duct and main pancreatic duct converge in the major duodenal papilla. Imaging evaluation of the ampulla and periampullary region poses a unique diagnostic challenge to radiologists because of the region's complex and variable anatomy and the variety ...
Rajabally Yusuf A YA Department of Neurology, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom; Department of Neurophysiology, University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lewis-Sumner syndrome (LSS) is considered a variant of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), which is more frequently described with exclusive upper limb involvement. The diagnosis of LSS is clinical and electrophysiological. However, these are not always obvious and in view of its rarity, the diagnosis may be missed and patients ...
Li Hui H State Key Laboratory of Oncology, Guangzhou, China; the Medical Imaging and Minimally Invasive Interventional Center, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) in the maxillofacial region in order to improve diagnostic quality and resection efficacy. Ten cases of pathologically identified IMTs were analyzed by MRI. The MRI features were examined, including tumor location, tumor shape, tumor margins, ...
Purz Sandra S Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; - - 2014
Medical imaging with multimodality and whole-body technologies has continuously improved in recent years. The advent of combined modalities such as PET/CT and PET/MR offers new tools with an exact fusion of molecular imaging and high-resolution anatomic imaging. For noninvasive pediatric diagnostics, molecular imaging and whole-body MR have become important, especially ...
Egnatios Jeremy J School of Medicine, University of California-San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA, - - 2014
Retroperitoneal fibrosis has seldom been described in the pediatric literature. We present a child who presented with retroperitoneal fibrosis without any associated underlying vascular or inflammatory conditions. This is one of only a few cases of primary idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis in a pediatric patient to have been imaged extensively by ...
Furtado A R R AR Centre for Small Animal Studies, Animal Health Trust, Kentford, Suffolk, CB8 - - 2014
To determine the value of low-field magnetic resonance imaging in differentiating sino-nasal aspergillosis from lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis in dogs. A retrospective study of 41 dogs (25 with lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis and 16 with sino-nasal aspergillosis) that underwent magnetic resonance imaging scan of the nasal cavity was conducted. On magnetic resonance imaging, turbinate destruction ...
Jeon Sunghoon S College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonnam National - - 2014
A twelve-year-old, spayed female Yorkshire Terrier with intermittent vomiting was diagnosed with regional granulomatous enteritis through histopathological examination. On ultrasonography and computed tomography, a focal thickened duodenal wall showed a mass-like appearance with indistinct wall layers. Marked uptake of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose was observed from the mass on positron emission tomography-computed tomography. ...
van Onna Marloes M From the School for Public Health and Primary Care (CAPHRI), University of Maastricht, and Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht; Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands; Department of Radiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam; Department of Rheumatology, Atrium Medical Center Heerlen, Heerlen, The - - 2014
To assess whether bone marrow edema (BME) detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the sacroiliac joints (MRI-SIJ) is associated with development of structural changes on both MRI and pelvic radiographs in patients with early inflammatory back pain (IBP). Patients with IBP ≤ 2 years were followed for 2 years ...
Agyare Edward K EK Division of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Florida A&M University, 1520S. MLK BLVD, Tallahassee, FL 32307 - - 2014
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), is characterized by the deposition of amyloid beta (Aβ) proteins within the walls of the cerebral vasculature with subsequent aggressive vascular inflammation leading to recurrent hemorrhagic strokes. The objective of the study was to develop theranostic nanovehicles (TNVs) capable of a) targeting cerebovascular amyloid; b) providing ...
Brakenhoff Lkpm L Departments of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden University Medical Centre , The - - 2014
Objectives: To assess whether subclinical inflammatory changes are present on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and arthralgia. Method: In this pilot study, painful hand joints [metacarpophalangeal (MCP), proximal interphalangeal (PIP), and/or distal interphalangeal (DIP)] of 11 IBD patients (age 18-45 years) with continuous pain ...
Ghadiri Mahtab M Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
A 42-year-old white man presented with cognitive impairment and behavioral changes followed by rapidly progressive motor and gait impairment. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed striking multifocal white matter signal change, areas of restricted diffusion, diffuse callosal signal change, and atrophy and hyperintensity of the corticospinal tracts. A broad range of etiologies ...
Kanagawa Masaru M Research Center, Nihon Medi-Physics Co. Ltd., Kitasode 3-1, Sodegaura, Chiba 299-0266, - - 2014
Trans-1-amino-3-[(18)F]fluorocyclobutanecarboxylic acid (anti-[(18)F]FACBC) is a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer used to visualize prostate cancer (PCa). In this study, we investigated the differences in anti-[(18)F]FACBC accumulation between metastatic and inflamed lymph node (LN) lesions. A PCa LN metastasis (PLM) model was developed by inoculating a rat PCa cell line, MAT-Ly-Lu-B2, ...
Jeph Sunil S Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET-CT, Diwan Chand Satyapal Aggarwal Imaging and Research Center, New Delhi, - - 2014
(18)Flurodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is nowadays routinely used in management of lymphoma patients. We here present a case of Hodgkin's lymphoma which showed (18)F-FDG avid splenomegaly on PET/CT done for clinically suspected relapse. Further evaluation by peripheral smear examination revealed malaria. The patient was then started on ...
Naddaf Elie - - 2014
Neurocysticercosis is the most common parasitic infection of the brain. Endemic in many regions of the world, neurocysticercosis is now showing up in nonendemic areas such as Wisconsin. We present 3 patients that illustrate features typical for neurocysticercosis in anon-endemic area, including immigrant/travel status, presentation with focal seizures, classic magnetic ...
Boy Fatma Nur FN Department of Radiology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, E-5 Karayolu Uzeri, 34752 Atasehir, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To retrospectively evaluate the accuracy of multi-parametric magnetic resonance (MR) imaging including fat saturated (FS) T2-weighted, short-tau inversion recovery (STIR), diffusion-weighted (DW-MR), and dynamic-contrast-enhanced MR (DCE-MR) imaging techniques in the diagnosis of early inflammatory sacroiliitis and determine the additional value of DW-MR and DCE-MR images according to recently defined 'Assessment ...
Bickelhaupt Sebastian S University Hospital Zürich, Department of Radiology, Rämistrasse 100, 8091 Zürich, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate if alterations of intra- and prelesionary motility in inflamed small-bowel segments correlate with length, wall-thickness and prelesionary dilatation of inflammatory small bowel lesions in patients suffering from Crohn's disease assessed with MRI. This retrospective IRB approved study included 25 patients (12 males, ...
Kim Boeun - - 2014
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) are functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques that detect the water diffusion. DWI and ADC were applied to the intracranial lesions in two dogs with non-infectious inflammatory disease and brain tumor using low field magnet. Cavitated lesions showed hypointense center with hyperintense ...
Jolepalem Prashant P Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Molecular Imaging, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine and Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, Michigan; - - 2014
On (18)F-FDG PET, inflammatory processes can be one of the most confounding factors for interpretation, particularly when the presentation of the process is atypical, as it was in the case of sarcoidosis reported here. Clinicians should be aware that sarcoidosis may mimic lung malignancies and lymphomas, regardless of typical or ...
Wang Yu Y Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Functional Imaging, Department of Radiology, Zhongda Hospital, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, 210009, - - 2014
The inflammatory response in injured brain parenchyma after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is crucial in the pathological process. In order to follow microglia activation and neuroinflammation after TBI, we performed PET imaging in a rat model of TBI using (18)F-labeled DPA-714, a ligand of the 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO). TBI ...
Wang Shi-Cun SC PET/CT Center, Anhui Provincial Hospital, Hefei, Anhui, - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a phenotypically heterogeneous, chronic, destructive inflammatory disease of the synovial joints. A number of imaging tools are currently available for evaluation of inflammatory conditions. By targeting the upgraded glucose uptake of infiltrating granulocytes and tissue macrophages, positron emission tomography/computed tomography with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18) F-FDG PET/CT) ...
Jarraya Mohamed M Department of Radiology, Musculoskeletal Section, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA, - - 2014
Proliferative myositis (PM) along with proliferative fasciitis and nodular fasciitis are a group of pseudosarcomatous myofibroblastic proliferations. Although the histologic presentation of each is almost identical, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of proliferative myositis is closer to that of inflammatory myopathies. We report a case of PM in which ...
Leclerc-Jacob S S Department of Rheumatology, Henri Poincare University, Nancy Teaching Hospital, Nancy, - - 2014
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) colonography or enterography is increasingly used to assess disease activity and complications in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, no study has evaluated the role of this imaging technique to assess sacroiliitis. The primary objective was to assess the prevalence of inflammatory sacroiliitis on MRI performed for ...
Shoda Hirofumi H Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo , Tokyo , - - 2014
Abstract A 75-year-old woman was admitted to our department because of backache and multiple joint pain. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level was 6.8 mg/dL, and serum rheumatoid factor and anti-citrullinated peptide antibody were negative. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed bone edema and synovitis of the sacroiliac joints. (18)Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography ((18)FDG-PET) ...
Chan J M S JM Regional Vascular Unit, St Mary's Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Imperial College London, - - 2014
Identification of those patients with high-risk asymptomatic carotid plaques remains an elusive but essential step in stroke prevention. Inflammation is a key process in plaque destabilization and the propensity of atherosclerotic lesions to cause clinical sequelae. There is currently no clinical imaging technique available to assess the degree of inflammation ...
Chang Silvia D SD Department of Radiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) of the liver is a rare, benign lesion that may be mistaken for malignancy. IPTs are difficult to diagnose due to non-specific clinical, laboratory and imaging features. We report the case of a 38-year old Asian male who presented with fatigue, weight loss and hepatomegaly. He was ...
Leppert Ilana R IR Montreal Neurological Institute, 3801 University St, WB325, Montreal, QC, H3A 2B4, Canada, - - 2014
Gadolinium (Gd) enhancement of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions on MRI scans is a commonly used outcome measure in therapeutic trials. However, enhancement depends on MRI acquisition parameters that might significantly alter detectability. We investigated how the difference in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability threshold between MRI protocols affects lesion detection and ...
Xiong Ying Y Department of Radiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong Universitiy of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate inflammatory edema after cerebral ischemia through 7.0T MRI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). All SD rats were randomly divided into sham operated group and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-1 day, -3 day and -7 day groups. MRI scan of the brain was performed on ...
Triantopoulou Charikleia C Radiology Department, Konstantopouleio General Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Actinomycosis is a rare suppurative disease that may mimic other inflammatory conditions on imaging. Its invasive nature may lead to mass formation and atypical presentation thus making accurate diagnosis quite difficult. To describe the different aspects of abdominopelvic actinomycosis on cross-sectional imaging and indicate discriminative findings from other inflammatory or ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >