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Kashyap Raghava R Department of Nuclear Medicine & PET, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160 012, - - 2014
Contrast enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) is used to determine severity of acute pancreatitis based upon the presence and extent of necrosis. However limitations do exist precluding its applicability in renal failure. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging for cardiac perfusion shows good uptake of N-13 ammonia ((13)NH3) metabolites in pancreas owing ...
Güler Sibel S Trakya University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Edirne. - - 2013
Ataxia and tremor are rare manifestations of hepatocerebral degeneration due to portovenous shunts. Ammonia is a neurotoxin that plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy. A 58-year old male patient was assessed with the complaints of gait disturbance, hand tremor, and impairment of speech. His neurological examination ...
Khangembam Bangkim C - - 2013
We assessed the value of N-ammonia PET-computed tomography (PET/CT) in recurrent glioma and compared the results with those of contrast-enhanced MRI (CE MRI). Fifty-two (mean age, 39.8±11.6 years; male, 33; female, 19) histopathologically proven and previously treated glioma patients with clinical suspicion of recurrence were evaluated with N-ammonia PET/CT and ...
Shi Xinchong - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive evaluation of glioma is of great help for clinical practice. In this study, we investigated the utility of N-ammonia in the evaluation of untreated gliomas and compared the results with that of F-FDG. METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients with final diagnosis of glioma were included in this study. PET/CT ...
Zaidi Habib - - 2013
The use of coronary calcium scoring (CaScCT) for attenuation correction (AC) of (13)N-ammonia PET/CT studies (NH3) is still being debated. We compare standard ACCT to CaScCT using various respiratory phases and co-registration methods for AC. Forty-one patients underwent a stress/rest NH3. Standard ACCT scans and CaScCT acquired during inspiration (CaScCTinsp, ...
Kitaoka Mayuko - - 2013
A 72-year-old man presented with consciousness disturbance. The results of brain magnetic resonance imaging and cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal, but triphasic waves were noted on electroencephalography. His plasma ammonia level was elevated due to which encephalopathy secondary to hyperammonemia was suspected. However, his liver function was normal, and no ...
Choi Jong Mun - - 2013
We report on a 55-year-old man with alcoholic liver cirrhosis who presented with status epilepticus. Laboratory analysis showed markedly elevated blood ammonia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed widespread cortical signal changes with restricted diffusion, involving both temporo-fronto-parietal cortex, while the perirolandic regions and occipital cortex were uniquely spared. A ...
Yao Chuang - - 2013
A novel magnetic carrier with surface magnetic field of 4 mT was developed for studying the magnetic enhanced bio-effect on nitrification. The bio-effect on nitrificaton induced by the magnetic carrier was studied by comparing the performance of sequencing batch biofilm reactors filled with magnetic (MC) and non-magnetic (NMC) carriers. The ...
Gunz Anna Catherine AC Division of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, University of Ottawa, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, ON, - - 2013
The urea-cycle functions to facilitate ammonia excretion, a disruption of which results in the accumulation of toxic metabolites. The neurological outcome of neonatal-onset urea-cycle defects (UCDs) is poor, and there are no good predictors of prognosis beyond ammonia levels at presentation. The role of neuroimaging in the prognosis of neonatal-onset ...
Sacanna Stefano - - 2012
We introduce a new class of spherical colloids that reversibly self-assemble into well-defined non-linear structures by virtue of "magnetic patches". This assembly is driven by tunable magnetostatic binding forces that originate from microscopic permanent magnets embedded underneath the surface of the particles. The resulting clusters form spontaneously in the absence ...
Cui Jun - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to explore the value of double-balloon enteroscopy combined with abdominal vascular-enhanced CT examination for the diagnosis of intestinal vascular malformation bleeding, to explore a simple and effective method for the diagnosis of small intestinal vascular malformation bleeding. Ten patients with intestinal bleeding were first ...
Sivam Sheila S Sleep and Circadian Research Group, Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, PO Box M77, Missenden Road, NSW 2050, Australia. - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on regional adipose tissue distribution in patients with moderate or severe obstructive sleep apnoea. Patients received both therapeutic and sham CPAP in a random order for 2 months each with an intervening ...
Bible Ellen - - 2012
Transplantation of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) is emerging as a viable treatment for stroke related brain injury. However, intraparenchymal grafts do not regenerate lost tissue, but rather integrate into the host parenchyma without significantly affecting the lesion cavity. Providing a structural support for the delivered cells appears important for ...
Lenoir Laurence - - 2012
Identifying gastroduodenal uptake of (99m)Tc-macroaggregated albumin (MAA), which is associated with an increased risk of ulcer disease, is a crucial part of the therapeutic management of patients undergoing radioembolization for liver tumours. Given this context, the use of MAA single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/CT may be essential, but the ...
Kim Hyun Min - - 2012
Old chemistry for novel materials: Self-fluorescent high-relaxivity T(2) -weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents are produced. They are a novel type of MR/optical dual-modality in vivo imaging nanoprobe using glutaraldehyde crosslinking chemistry, and they are used to label and monitor therapeutic cells both in vitro and in vivo.
Burke Michael P - - 2011
The recognition of a well defined basal layer of radio dense material on the postmortem computed tomography (CT) images, in the setting of typical scene findings of an intentional medication overdose and unremarkable external examination of the deceased's body can, in certain circumstances, permit such cases to be managed without ...
Garner Hillary Warren - - 2011
Posttreatment imaging is important to ensure early detection of oncological complications, and appropriate timing and frequency is an important consideration, especially in high-risk patients. Focused magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is the preferred modality for detection of local recurrence of soft tissue tumors and is also used in high-risk osteosarcoma. Although ...
Sotelo Julio - - 2011
Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is the most frequent parasitic disease of the human brain. Modern imaging studies, CT and MRI, have defined the diagnosis and characterization of the disease. Through these studies the therapeutic approach for each case may be individualized with the aid of antihelmintics, steroids, symptomatic medicines, or surgery. The ...
Benter Thomas - - 2011
This pictorial essay will review and discuss the aspects of differential diagnosis with splenic sonography, including recent literature and exemplary pictorial sonographic cases. Although the spleen is well evaluated by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, sonography has certain advantages, including its ubiquitous availability, lack of ionizing radiation, and low ...
Oliva Francesco - - 2011
Calcific tendinopathy (CT) of the tendons of the rotator cuff is common in white populations, with a reported prevalence varying from 2.7% to 22%, mostly affecting women between 30 and 50 years. Although CT shows a strong tendency toward self-healing by spontaneous resorption of the deposits, it does not always ...
Tennyson Christina A - - 2011
The small intestine has been difficult to examine by traditional endoscopic and radiologic techniques. Within the past 10 years, advances have led to an explosion of technologies that facilitate examination of the entire small intestine. Wireless video capsule endoscopy, deep enteroscopy using balloon-assisted or spiral techniques, computer tomography (CT) and magnetic ...
Yoo Dongwon - - 2011
Early detection and treatment of disease is the most important component of a favorable prognosis. Biomedical researchers have thus invested tremendous effort in improving imaging techniques and treatment methods. Over the past decade, concepts and tools derived from nanotechnology have been applied to overcome the problems of conventional techniques for ...
Mirzaei Siroos - - 2011
Objective: Peptide receptor-targeted radionuclide therapy (PRRT) of somatostatin receptor (SR)-expressing neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) has become an established therapeutic option in patients with advanced NETs. The aim of this study was to compare the lesion detection rate of (99m)Tc-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC, a newly developed tracer for NET imaging, with (177)Lu-DOTATATE used for PRRT. ...
Celebi Irfan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical utility of using dynamic maneuvers during imaging of larynx via 256-Slice Multi-Detector Computed Tomography in the pre-therapeutic evaluation of laryngeal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 27 patients (7 women, 20 men; aged 53-76 years) diagnosed with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma were evaluated pre-therapeutically ...
Steinle Brad - - 2011
Strokes are a leading cause of death and disability in the U.S. Comprehensive rehabilitation is needed to minimize disability. Theories that serve as a basis for recovery following stroke and therapeutic techniques used to potentiate recovery are discussed. Neuroplasticity is the potential for change in brain function. Functional brain images ...
Ho Don - - 2011
Effective medical care requires the concurrent monitoring of medical treatment. The combination of imaging and therapeutics allows a large degree of control over the treatment efficacy and is now commonly referred to as "theranostics". Magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) provide a unique nanoplatform for theranostic applications because of their biocompatibility, their responses ...
Brizel David M - - 2011
Novel noninvasive functional imaging methods are necessary to predict therapeutic outcome and thereby improve the ability to properly select patients for treatment with both conventional and targeted therapies, to better evaluate therapeutic effectiveness during the early phases of treatment, and to enhance a priori risk assessment for treatment induced toxicity. ...
Yeo Desmond T B - - 2011
To use electromagnetic (EM) simulations to study the effects of body type, landmark position, and radiofrequency (RF) body coil type on peak local specific absorption rate (SAR) in 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Numerically computed peak local SAR for four human body models (HBMs) in three landmark positions (head, heart, ...
Chatterjee Debashree - - 2011
Cholera toxin (CT) is the major virulence factor of pathogenic Vibrio cholerae. The present study demonstrates that a fraction of CT is associated with the outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) released by V. cholerae. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and also transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of purified OMVs from toxigenic V. cholerae ...
Flanagan Eoin P - - 2011
Autoimmune encephalopathy represents a complex category of disease with diverse immunologic associations, clinical manifestations, and therapeutic outcomes. Three main subgroups include autoimmune encephalopathies without cancer but with neural nonspecific serologic evidence of autoimmunity (encompassing "Hashimoto's encephalopathy") that is the main focus of this review, paraneoplastic encephalopathies, and central nervous system ...
Pickhardt Perry J - - 2011
The objective of our study was to determine whether colonic distention at CT colonography (CTC) induces small incidental sliding hiatal hernias. This study evaluated for the presence and, if present, the size (small, moderate, or large) of sliding (type 1) hiatal hernias in 3126 consecutive asymptomatic adults (mean age ± ...
Wright Benjamin - - 2011
Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is an uncommon complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD), with high mortality and morbidity. The peritoneum thickens, dysfunctions, and forms a cocoon that progressively "strangulates" the small intestine, causing malnutrition, ischemia, and infarction. There is as yet no reliable noninvasive means of diagnosis, but recent developments in ...
Toms Andoni P - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The mechanics of small bowel motility are extremely complex. Routine clinical access to small bowel has been restricted to radiological enteric contrast studies which have not contributed significantly to the understanding of small bowel physiology. Small bowel mechanics are understood within a framework of individual visible or measurable elements ...
Wong Chun-Sing - - 2011
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. It can be benign or malignant in behavior. Stomach, being the most common site (70%) for GISTs, is followed by the small intestine (20%). Anorectal, colonic, and esophageal GISTs are uncommon, whereas extraintestinal GISTs are extremely ...
Xiong Ji - - 2011
A 16-year-old male teenager presented with seizure and loss of consciousness for 20 min. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a mass occupying the right medial temporal lobe. Histological examination revealed a non-pigmented area with spindle-shaped and large xanthomatous pleomorphic cells and a pigmented region with pigmented neoplastic cells with fascicular arrangement. Immunohistochemical ...
Chen Guang-Hong - - 2011
The noise variance versus spatial resolution relationship in differential phase contrast (DPC) projection imaging and computed tomography (CT) are derived and compared to conventional absorption-based x-ray projection imaging and CT. The scaling law for DPC-CT is theoretically derived and subsequently validated with phantom results from an experimental Talbot-Lau interferometer system. ...
Laulicht Bryan - - 2011
Numerous therapeutics demonstrate optimal absorption or activity at specific sites in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Yet, safe, effective pill retention within a desired region of the GI remains an elusive goal. We report a safe, effective method for localizing magnetic pills. To ensure safety and efficacy, we monitor and regulate ...
Chua Terence C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the accuracy of computed tomography (CT) scoring of the peritoneal cancer index (PCI) and examines its association with surgical morbidity and outcomes in pseudomyxoma peritonei. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei had preoperative evaluation of CT scans and were treated with cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal ...
Rennert J - - 2011
Aim: To evaluate, whether image fusion of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with CT or MRI affects the diagnosis and characterization of liver lesions or the therapeutic strategy of surgical or interventional procedures compared to the preliminary diagnosis. Material and methods: In a retrospective study the image fusion scans of CEUS ...
Garg P K - - 2011
A rare case of intestinal obstruction due to compression of ileocecal junction by mucocele of appendix is presented. Imaging with ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) is useful in establishing preoperative diagnosis. Avoidance of rupture of during appendicectomy is critical in preventing potential complication of pseudomyxoma peritonei.
Wagner Thomas - - 2011
We report a case of a false-positive finding in FDG PET/CT following radiotracer extravasation. A 15-year-old male patient was referred for therapeutic evaluation status post-chemotherapy for a lymphoblastic lymphoma. FDG PET/CT showed discordant findings with a marked decrease in a liver/hepatic hilum uptake, disappearance of a subcutaneous left supraclavicular uptake, ...
Wiedemann K - - 2011
Biomarkers have been receiving increasing attention, especially in the field of psychiatry In contrast to the availability of potent therapeutic tools including pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and biological therapies, unmet needs remain in terms of onset of action, stability of response, and further improvement of the clinical course. Biomarkers are objectively measured ...
Fins Joseph J - - 2011
The advent of powerful neuroimaging tools such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) has begun to redefine how we diagnose, define, and understand disorders of consciousness such as the vegetative and minimally conscious states. In my paper, I review how research using these methods is ...
Petiet Alexandra A CNRS, URA 2210, Fontenay aux Roses, France. - - 2011
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an important social and economic issue for our societies. The development of therapeutics against this severe dementia requires assessing the effects of new drugs in animal models thanks to dedicated biomarkers. According to the amyloid cascade hypothesis, β-amyloid deposits are at the origin of most of ...
Souza Marcy J - - 2011
Positron emission tomography (PET) is often used to stage and monitor human cancer and has recently been used in a similar fashion in veterinary medicine. The most commonly used radiopharmaceutical is 2-Deoxy-2-[(18) F]-Fluoro-d-glucose ((18) F-FDG), which is concentrated and trapped within cells that use glucose as their energy substrate. We ...
Kato Koki - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and interobserver variability of dynamic computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis of small bowel obstruction. A total of 115 patients with a CT diagnosis of small bowel obstruction were included. Two radiologists and two residents performed blinded, independent, retrospective reviews of ...
Puligheddu Monica - - 2010
Pilomotor seizure (PS) is a rare subtype of simple and complex partial seizures, often related to temporal lobe epilepsy and occasionally linked to alterations of amygdala. The physiologic role played by this latter region in the coordination of autonomic responses to fear-induced emotional changes raises the question as to whether ...
ZwoliƄski Piotr - - 2010
This paper introduces a freely accessible database http://eeg.pl/epi , containing 23 datasets from patients diagnosed with and operated on for drug-resistant epilepsy. This was collected as part of the clinical routine at the Warsaw Memorial Child Hospital. Each record contains (1) pre-surgical electroencephalography (EEG) recording (10-20 system) with inter-ictal discharges ...
Iannetti Paola - - 2011
The maldevelopment of the midline structures is connected with neurologic disorders. The cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) exists in the fetal period, then it is re-absorbed. The presence of unfused leaflets/fornices may be considered important in the genesis of neurodevelopmental abnormalities inclunding epilepsy. The limbic system includes a group of interconnected ...
Mitsueda-Ono Takahiro - - 2011
Objective The purpose of the study was to clarify the significance of amygdalar enlargement (AE) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) detected by MRI. Methods 11 TLE patients (eight men, mean age 45.3 (SD 18.2) years) with AE treated at Kyoto University Hospital were studied. Clinical history, ictal semiology, EEG, ...
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