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Miracoli R R ESS-Bilbao, Leioa, - - 2014
The Ion Source Hydrogen positive is a 2.7 GHz off-resonance microwave discharge ion source. It uses four coils to generate an axial magnetic field in the plasma chamber around 0.1 T that exceeds the ECR resonance field. A new magnetic system was designed as a combination of the four coils ...
Weinberg Jana - - 2013
An environmental assessment and a cost analysis were conducted for mobility options using electricity, hydrogen, ethanol, Fischer-Tropsch diesel and methane derived from wood. Therefore, the overall life cycle with regard to greenhouse gas emissions, acidifying emissions and fossil energy demand as well as costs is analysed. The investigation is carried ...
Warner Evan J EJ Oculoplastics Service, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2013
Orbital lesions include a broad spectrum of tumors, vascular abnormalities, and inflammatory conditions. High-resolution imaging has become an invaluable tool toward formulating an accurate diagnosis, and facilitates proper counseling regarding appropriate interventions. Imaging may guide whether partial excision to minimize damage to orbital structures, or en bloc removal to prevent ...
Duckett Simon B - - 2012
Parahydrogen induced polarisation (PHIP) has wide utility in NMR and MRI as it can increase the sensitivity of both techniques. The transfer of spin order from parahydrogen to nuclei in the analyte leads to an increased magnetic response following interrogation by RF pulses. This spin transfer is catalysed by a ...
Habets J - - 2012
Sutures with polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) felt pledgets are commonly used in prosthetic heart valve (PHV) implantation. Paravalvular leakage can be difficult to distinguish from PTFE felt pledgets on multislice CT because both present as hyperdense structures. We assessed whether pledgets can be discriminated from contrast-enhanced solutions (blood/saline) on CT images based ...
Punwani S - - 2012
Abnormal contrast enhancement on MRI is advocated as a biomarker for inflammation in colitis, although the enhancement kinetics of normal colon are poorly described. Our purpose was to quantitatively assess mural enhancement in normal colon and test for intersegmental differences. Eight patients without prior history of inflammatory bowel disease underwent ...
Yoneda Norihide - - 2012
We report a male case of beta-catenin-activated hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) focusing on findings of gadoxetic-acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (EOB-MRI) and discussing the molecular background and possible clinical significance. The patient was a 31-year-old man in whom computed tomography (CT) showed a large nodule of 14 cm in diameter in the right ...
Hayakawa Katsumi - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to illustrate computed tomography (CT) findings suggestive of small bowel strangulation. We have performed the precontrast and postcontrast CT with single and multidetector CT scanners and evaluated the bowel wall changes and mesentery changes and correlated them with the operative findings. The direct CT ...
Bernard Elyse D - - 2012
MRI contrast agents (CA) have been heavily used over the past several decades to enhance the diagnostic value of the obtained images. From a design perspective, two avenues to improve the efficacy of contrast agents are readily evident: optimization of magnetic properties of the CA, and optimization of the pharmacokinetics ...
Ananthakrishnan G - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in uterine artery embolisation (UAE), and to assess the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the dominant fibroid and its relationship to contrast enhancement and fibroid volume reduction. We carried out a retrospective study of 15 patients ...
He Cheng - - 2012
A hexanuclear gadolinium octahedral nanocage was self-assembled as an efficient multimeric magnetic resonance probe for selectively responding glucosamine. The rigid facial bridging ligands provided additional enhancements for the proton relativity around gadolinium ions, ensuring the application of MRI in vivo.
Sigovan Monica - - 2012
To determine the feasibility of using ferumoxytol-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiography to depict the vasculature of hemodialysis fistulas and improve image quality compared with nonenhanced time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography. The study was institutional review board approved and was in compliance with HIPAA regulations. All participants provided written informed consent. TOF ...
Valentino Massimo - - 2012
We present the case of an 80-year-old man with two renal solid masses found at sonography, which were imaged by contrast-enhanced ultrasound, CT, and MRI and confirmed histologically. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound findings suggested a benign mass and a CT-guided biopsy yielded a diagnosis of extramedullary hematopoiesis. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ...
Laumonier Hervé - - 2012
Hepatocellular adenomas (HCAs) are divided into three subtypes according to genotype and phenotype. The two main subgroups are hepatocyte nuclear factor 1α (HNF1α)-inactivated HCA and inflammatory HCA. Specific imaging features of these subgroups of adenoma have been delineated with MRI. The aim of this study was to document the contrast-enhanced ...
Chung Woo-Suk - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to assess CT enhancement patterns of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within 1 month after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) using drug-eluting beads and to determine whether enhancement patterns may be useful for predicting local tumor progression. Forty-one patients with 50 HCCs underwent CT within 1 month after ...
Lee Kyung Hee - - 2012
The objective of our study was to analyze comprehensive MRI findings of aborted myocardial infarction (MI) in terms of the area at risk, late enhancement, and perfusion on initial and follow-up studies compared with overt MI. Eleven cases of aborted MI and 18 cases of overt MI were included in ...
Damasio Maria Beatrice - - 2012
MRI is a sensitive tool for the evaluation of synovitis in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The purpose of this study was to introduce a novel MRI-based score for synovitis in children and to examine its inter- and intraobserver variability in a multi-centre study. Wrist MRI was performed in 76 children ...
Tang Yen Zhi - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the morphological and enhancement features of histologically proven cystadenofibromas (CAFs) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Forty-seven histologically proven CAFs (42 benign, five borderline) were retrospectively reviewed. One benign CAF had a synchronous adenocarcinoma in the same ovary. The morphological, signal and enhancement characteristics on MRI were ...
Prechtel Hans W E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to perform an intraindividual comparison of the influences of different iodine contrast media on tracer uptake, contrast enhancement, and image quality in combined positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients underwent baseline and follow-up combined PET/CT consisting of low-dose ...
Kang Yusuhn - - 2012
Purpose:To evaluate the enhancement patterns of intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinomas (IMCCs) with emphasis on the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) of gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.Materials and Methods:This retrospective study was institutional review board approved, and the requirement for informed consent was waived. Fifty patients (41 men, nine women; mean age, 62.3 ...
Mongan John - - 2012
To evaluate the feasibility of using a commercially available clinical dual-energy computed tomographic (CT) scanner to differentiate the in vivo enhancement due to two simultaneously administered contrast media with complementary x-ray attenuation ratios. Approval from the institutional animal care and use committee was obtained, and National Institutes of Health guidelines ...
Svensson Anders - - 2012
BackgroundWhen the same dose of iodine is given to all patients when performing abdominal computed tomography (CT) there may be a wide inter-individual variation in contrast medium (CM) enhancement of the liver.PurposeTo evaluate if any of the measures body height (BH), body mass index (BMI), lean body mass (LBM), ideal ...
Tourdias Thomas - - 2012
Purpose: To compare magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions after the administration of a gadolinium-based contrast agent and ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) particles among the clinical phenotypes of MS and over time. Materials and Methods: This study was approved by the local ethics committee, and ...
Nagayama Hiroki - - 2012
Repeat volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is time-consuming and requires advanced processing, dedicated equipment, and skilled operators. To clarify the validity of measuring the maximal short-axis diameter (Dmax) of AAA in follow-up non-enhanced axial CT as a means of detecting substantial endoleaks after ...
Park Ju Hyun - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sequential MRI findings of intramuscular gossypiboma and to correlate them with the pathologic findings in rabbits. Sterile gauze was packed in the hamstring muscles of 12 rabbits, and sequential MR images were obtained 1, 2, and 4 weeks and 2, 6, ...
Abtin Fereidoun G - - 2012
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is used to treat pulmonary malignancies. Although preliminary results are suggestive of a survival benefit, local progression rates are appreciable. Because a patient can undergo repeat treatment if recurrence is detected early, reliable post-RFA imaging follow-up is critical. The purpose of this article is to describe (a) ...
Sun Shu-Wei - - 2012
Optic nerve degeneration in diseases such as glaucoma and multiple sclerosis evolves in months to years. The use of Mn(2+)-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MEMRI) in a time-course study may provide new insights into the disease progression. Previously, we demonstrated the feasibility of using a topical administration for Mn(2+) delivery to ...
Kambadakone Avinash - - 2012
To evaluate the impact of subtraction CT on reader confidence and diagnostic accuracy when characterizing renal masses. In this institutional review board-approved retrospective study, 159 patients (85 men and 74 women; mean age, 62.6 years; range, 22-88 years) underwent routine unenhanced and contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for renal lesion ...
Dong Yin - - 2012
To retrospectively evaluate the usefulness of the apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) and dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for differentiation of malignant from benign pheochromocytomas at 3.0-T MR. The Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study, and informed consent was waived. Forty patients with pheochromocytomas underwent diffusion-weighted (DW) MR imaging ...
Jones A Kyle - - 2012
Certain directed oncologic therapies seek to take advantage of the fact that tumors are typically more susceptible to directed therapeutic agents than normal tissue owing to their extensive networks of poorly formed, leaky vasculature. If differences between the vascularity of normal and tumor tissues could be quantified, patients could be ...
Makowski Marcus R MR Division of Imaging Sciences, The Rayne Institute, St Thomas’ Hospital, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of high-resolution 3-dimensional aortic vessel wall imaging using a novel elastin-specific magnetic resonance contrast agent (ESMA) in a large animal model. The thoracic aortic vessel wall of 6 Landrace pigs was imaged using a novel ESMA and a nonspecific control ...
van Kessel C S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the range of hepatobiliary enhancement patterns of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) after gadoxetic-acid injection, and to correlate these patterns to specific histological features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: FNH lesions, imaged with Gadoxetic-acid-enhanced MRI, with either typical imaging findings on T1, T2 and dynamic-enhanced sequences or histologically proven, were ...
Hwang Jiyoung - - 2012
PURPOSE: To examine the differential features of combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CC) from mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients with pathologically proven combined HCC-CC (n = 20) and ICCs (n = 20) who had undergone gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI were enrolled in this study. ...
Richenberg J - - 2012
In excess of 50 contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) examinations are typically undertaken in our tertiary hospital NHS Trust each weekday, approximately 13,000 each year. In the Department of Radiology alone, we inject more than 1300 l of iodinated contrast medium per annum. There is a real need to devise a policy ...
Lee Dongkyu - - 2012
A rapid and facile signal enhancement method for detecting alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was developed using the magnetic agglomeration of ferromagnetic nanoparticles and microcantilever sensors. The resonance frequency and deflection of the cantilevers were found to be more than 10-fold greater than that before physical agglomeration of the free nanoparticles around the ...
Malheiros Jackeline M - - 2012
Mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) is a frequent finding following status epilepticus (SE). The present study aimed to test the feasibility of using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) to detect MFS in the chronic phase of the well-established pilocarpine (Pilo) rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). To modulate MFS, cycloheximide ...
Thieme Sven F - - 2012
To show the feasibility of dual-energy CT (DECT) and dynamic CT for ventilation imaging of the paranasal sinuses in a nasal cast. In a first trial, xenon gas was administered to a nasal cast with a laminar flow of 7 L/min. Dynamic CT acquisitions of the nasal cavity and the sinuses ...
Lin C-Y - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the image findings of Schmorl's nodes on combined 2-[(18)F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve patients who were diagnosed with Schmorl's nodes and had undergone magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and FDG PET/CT were retrospectively recruited for this study. The period between the MRI and ...
Rebière Marilou - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of multiphase CT scanning and different intravenous contrast media on contrast enhancement, attenuation correction and image quality in combined PET/CT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 140 patients were prospectively enrolled for F-18-FDG-PET/CT including a low-dose unenhanced, arterial and venous contrast enhanced CT. The first (second) 70 patients, ...
Saba Luca - - 2012
PURPOSE: Carotid plaques analysed by MDCTA can show contrast enhancement. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between carotid plaque enhancement (CPE) and microvessel density. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained IRB approval. Twenty-nine consecutive (male, 20; median age, 63) symptomatic patients studied with 16-detector CT were prospectively ...
Guan Y B - - 2012
Thoracic ganglioneuroma is sporadic and rarely reported. Pre-operative misdiagnosis often occurs in clinical practice. To improve diagnostic accuracy and facilitate differential diagnosis, we summarised the CT and MRI findings of thoracic ganglioneuroma. 22 cases of thoracic ganglioneuroma confirmed by surgery and pathology were retrospectively analysed in terms of CT (16 ...
Khadem N R - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The role of DCE-MR imaging in the study of bone marrow perfusion is only partially developed, though potential applications for routine use in the clinical setting are beginning to be described. We hypothesize that DCE-MR imaging can be used to discriminate between hypervascular and hypovascular metastases based on ...
Jeong Su Jin - - 2012
The objective of our study was to describe the MRI findings of medullary carcinoma of the breast and to correlate those findings with the histopathologic findings. From January 2005 to June 2010, MR images of 15 patients (age range, 32-73 years; mean age, 50 years) with pathologically confirmed medullary carcinoma ...
Uematsu Takayoshi - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to analyze the features of nonmasslike enhancement detected on 3-T MRI and to determine which of these features are significant predictors of malignancy. Retrospective review was performed of 124 consecutive patients with nonmasslike enhancement detected on 3-T MRI after biopsy or surgery. We described ...
Demarco J Kevin - - 2012
Recent advances in magnetic resonance (MR) hardware and software have improved the resolution and spatial coverage of head and neck first-pass contrast-enhanced (CE) MR angiography. Despite these improvements, high-quality submillimeter-resolution 1.5 T and 3 T carotid CE MR angiography is not consistently available in the general radiology practice. This article ...
Araujo Júnior E - - 2012
Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant disease of trophoblastic cells, which affects young women in the reproductive years. The main sites of metastasis from choriocarcinoma are lung, vagina, liver, gastrointestinal tract and kidneys, and the involvement of the ovaries is extremely rare. The diagnosis of ovarian metastasis is made mainly by ...
Rahbar Habib - - 2012
To develop a model incorporating dynamic contrast material-enhanced (DCE) and diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging features to differentiate high-nuclear-grade (HNG) from non-HNG ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in vivo. This HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the institutional review board and requirement for informed consent was waived. A total of ...
Wang Jian-Hua - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the presentation of splenic hamartomas (SHs) on ultrasonography (US), CT and MRI. METHODS: Nine patients (5 males and 4 females, mean age, 52.8 years) with pathologically proven SHs were included in this study. US, CT and MRI images were analyzed retrospectively, and imaging features were correlated with pathological ...
Risson J-R - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of the different computed tomography (CT) signs for differentiating between malignant and cirrhotic ascites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 102 CT scans in adults, distributed into two groups based on the cirrhotic or malignant etiology of their ascites. The CT ...
Kita Ryuichi - - 2012
Aim:  Corona enhancement is the visualized drainage area from a hypervascular tumor observed on single-level dynamic computed tomography during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) and is thought to be a high-risk area for micrometastases. However, because it cannot be visualized with ordinary ultrasonography (US), we aimed to visualize corona enhancement on US ...
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