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Beckworth William Jeremy - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the prevalence of an anomalous posterior vertebral artery (VA) in the neural foramen and to see if any factors might correlate with proximity of the VA to needle location in a cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injection (CTFESI). METHODS: A radiologist with subspecialty training in neuroradiology documented VA location ...
Chang A L - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:CT guidance is increasingly being used to localize the epidural space during epidural steroid injections. A common concern is that CT may be associated with significantly higher radiation doses compared with conventional fluoroscopy. The goal of this retrospective study was to determine the average dose-length product and effective ...
Kim Kyung Won - - 2013
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to describe the CT findings of ipilimumab-associated colitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. In this retrospective study, 16 patients diagnosed with ipilimumab-associated colitis and available CT scans obtained at the time of symptoms were found by a search through the electronic medical record database. Two ...
Porter Meko - - 2013
A 76-year-old woman presented with 1 month of progressive aphasia, headache, and subsequent right hemiparesis. Initial brain MRI showed a punctate infarct (figure 1, A and C). Susceptibility-weighted imaging was unremarkable. A repeat study 16 days later demonstrated bihemispheric infarcts with multifocal attenuation of intracranial vessels on magnetic resonance angiography ...
Matsusaki Shimpei - - 2013
To clarify the clinical features and CT findings of IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC), we reviewed 16 cases of IgG4-SC and 10 cases of cholangiocarcinoma concerning patient background, treatment, outcomes and CT findings. The median age of IgG4-SC cases was 70 (range 54-79) years, and only 1 was a woman. Serum ...
Santhosh Sampath - - 2013
Autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer share many clinical features like advanced age, painless jaundice, weight loss, and elevated serum levels of CA 19-9. The authors report a 58-year-old male patient provisionally diagnosed with periampullary carcinoma on the basis of ultrasonography and serological markers and planned for Whipple resection. F-FDG PET/CT ...
BektaƟ Omer - - 2013
Brucellosis is a public health problem in most countries in the Mediterranean. Involvement of the central nervous system is seen in 4-13% of patients with brucellosis. A 13-year-old girl was admitted because of gait disturbance, diplopia, and dizziness. Her complaints began about 1.5 years ago. The second symptomatic episode repeated ...
Ferreira R M - - 2013
Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) has been described as a clinically and radiologically distinct pontine-predominant encephalomyelitis with a favorable response to high dose corticosteroids and usually requiring chronic immunosuppresive therapy. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reveals a characteristic pattern of punctate and curvilinear enhancement ...
Matar Hosam E HE Nuclear Medicine, Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, London, NW3 2QG, UK. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to assess the value of SPECT/CT imaging in patients with chronic spinal pain. This was a retrospective consecutive study. Patients with chronic neck or back pain from outpatient spinal clinics with clinical features raising the possibility of a facetogenic pain generator and non-conclusive MRI/CT ...
Ito Kimiteru - - 2013
ABSTRACT: A 65-year-old woman with a complete atrioventricular block was diagnosed as having cardiac sarcoidosis. F-FDG PET/CT imaging without unfractionated heparin loading revealed systemic abnormal uptake indicating sarcoidosis. However, the cardiac lesions were vague because of the physiological FDG uptake. One month later, F-FDG PET/CT using heparin loading was performed ...
Tarshish Yael - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is an underappreciated issue in pediatric patient care. The goal of this study was to identify children who met the criteria for SSNHL and examine the etiologies, useful diagnostic studies, and treatment outcomes for these patients. METHODS: A retrospective medical records review was performed ...
Kimura Yoshito - - 2013
A 48-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of eosinophilia and liver dysfunction. Initial abdominal CT and MRI (MRCP) finding showed almost normal liver and bile duct. Liver biopsy demonstrated mild portal infiltration of lymphocytes and eosinophils. Definitive diagnosis was difficult, but we suspected autoimmune disease. Oral steroid administration ...
Miller Charles Philip - - 2013
Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis  is a rare but serious cause of headache. In this report, we present a young man with poorly controlled Crohn's disease who presented with a 2-week history of headache and fluctuating left-sided sensory and motor symptoms. CT demonstrated changes consistent with either a subarachnoid haemorrhage or ...
Alirhayim Zaid - - 2013
We describe a 79-year-old gentleman with a longstanding history of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia who presented with subacute onset of cholestatic jaundice. Comprehensive review of the patient's data and medications failed to reveal any obvious causes. Exhaustive testing including abdominal CT and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography failed to reveal any obstruction. A ...
Mizuma Atsushi - - 2013
A 71-year-old Japanese woman with Sjögren syndrome, Hashimoto's disease and a 6-month history of cognitive impairment was admitted to our hospital because of consciousness disturbance and convulsion. Her convulsive seizure disappeared by intravenous administration of diazepam following carbamazepine, and conscious level became alert the next day. But, her cognitive function ...
Ishibashi Kazuya - - 2013
We herein present a case of cardiac sarcoidosis with atrioventricular (AV) block that was evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after pacemaker implantation. An echocardiogram showed wall thinning in the basal septum. MRI showed late gadolinium enhancement in the interventricular septum and right ventricle. Fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ...
Benucci M - - 2013
Wegener's granulomatosis or granulomatosis polyangiitis associated (GPA) is a granulomatous inflammation of the upper and lower respiratory tracts associated with necrotising vasculitis of small and medium-sized blood vessels and, frequently, necrotising glomerulonephritis. We describe the case of a 37 year old female patient presenting with upper respiratory tract involvement, chronic ...
Lindå Hans - - 2013
Natalizumab (Tysabri(®)) is a monoclonal antibody that prevents inflammatory cells from binding to brain endothelial cells and passing into the brain parenchyma. Natalizumab is a highly effective treatment for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is an opportunistic brain JC virus infection that has been shown to be ...
Zaheer Atif - - 2013
Autoimmune pancreatitis is a rare disorder characterized by the systemic deposition of IgG4 plasma cells. Extrapancreatic manifestations of autoimmune pancreatitis depend on the site of plasma cell deposition. The most common extrapancreatic site of involvement is the bile duct followed by the retroperitoneum and kidneys. We report a case of ...
Puranik Ameya D - - 2013
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is most often incidentally detected, with the diagnosis being based on radiological characteristics. A steroid regimen for 6 weeks is the standard line of treatment for AIP. In our case, AIP was incidentally suspected on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) performed for staging a malignancy, and ...
Zheng Li-Zhen - - 2013
In this study we established a bipedal animal model of steroid-associated hip joint collapse in emus for testing potential treatment protocols to be developed for prevention of steroid-associated joint collapse in preclinical settings. Five adult male emus were treated with a steroid-associated osteonecrosis (SAON) induction protocol using combination of pulsed ...
Somer Deniz - - 2013
To evaluate the responsible pathophysiological mechanism in a 15 year old patient with acquired Browns Syndrome presenting with cyclic characteristics. In addition to a full orthoptic assessment, magnetic resonance imaging of the orbit, corneal topography and computerized videokeratography data analysis during the diplopic period, during resolution and following betamethasone injection ...
Sato Tomomi T Department of Pediatrics, Yokohama City University - - 2013
  Seronegative spondyloarthritis is strongly correlated to HLA-B27, and in the long term, it causes limitations to the movements of vertebral joints. In recent years, the numbers of patients diagnosed with axial spondyloarthritis have increased due to the widespread use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnostic imaging. We report the ...
Epstein Nancy E NE Clinical Professor of Neurological Surgery, Department of Neurosurgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10461, and Chief of Neurosurgical Spine and Education, Department of Neurosurgery, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY, 11501, - - 2013
In spinal surgery, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas attributed to deliberate dural opening (e.g., for tumors, shunts, marsupialization of cysts) or inadvertent/traumatic dural tears (DTs) need to be readily recognized, and appropriately treated. During spinal surgery, the dura may be deliberately opened to resect intradural lesions/tumors, to perform shunts, or to ...
Kahairi A - - 2012
We report a case of an inflammatory pseudotumour (IP) involving the floor of the skull base, which demonstrated aggressive behavior both clinically and radiologically. In this case, the diagnosis was established by clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), histopathological examination (HPE) and the dramatic response towards high dose steroid therapy. ...
Hoang J K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The aim of CT-guided CTSI is to inject medication into the foraminal region where the nerve root is inflamed. The optimal location for needle placement and therapeutic delivery, however, remain uncertain. The purpose of this study was to investigate how needle positioning and angle of approach impact the ...
Thomovsky Stephanie A - - 2012
Two 15-yr-old grizzly bear littermates were evaluated within 9 mo of each other with the symptom of acute onset of progressive paraparesis and proprioceptive ataxia. The most significant clinical examination finding was pelvic limb paresis in both bears. Magnetic resonance examinations of both bears showed cranial thoracic spinal cord compression. ...
Sanefuji Masafumi - - 2012
Parainfectious or autoimmune striatal lesions have been repeatedly described in children. We report a 7-year-old girl with painful muscle spasms, leading to the diagnosis of childhood stiff-person syndrome (SPS). Striatal lesions were demonstrated by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single-photon emission computed tomography but not by conventional MRI. Autoantibodies ...
Wong Kenneth R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a facial dysostosis, the hallmark being bilateral malar hypoplasia. The purpose of this study is to morphologically classify the TCS malar deformity and to volumetrically characterise both the TCS zygoma and masseter muscle, including for left-right symmetry, compared to controls. We hypothesise that the ...
Stec Andrew A - - 2012
PURPOSE: We used 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging reconstruction to generate models of the pelvic floor musculature in classic bladder exstrophy, allowing for statistical analysis of changes seen in the anatomy after primary closure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with classic bladder exstrophy underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging before and after primary ...
Moerman Kevin M - - 2012
MRI is an ideal method for non-invasive soft tissue mechanical properties investigation. This requires mechanical excitation of the body's tissues and measurement of the corresponding boundary conditions such as soft tissue deformation inside the MRI environment. However, this is technically difficult since load application and measurement of boundary conditions requires ...
Mayer John M - - 2012
The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess lumbar multifidus, erector spinae, and quadratus lumborum muscle activity during lifts as measured by changes in transverse relaxation time (T2) from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thirteen healthy adults performed dynamic squat, stoop, and asymmetric stoop lifts at a standard load, with ...
Hwang Se Hwan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the anatomy of the optic nerve (ON), extraocular muscles (EOMs), and paranasal structures with regard to an endoscopic endonasal approach to the orbit using multiplanar reconstruction of computed tomographic (CT) scans. METHODS: The CT scans of 125 patients were retrospectively evaluated. The anatomic relationships ...
Talasz Helena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To prove a basic physiological principle in healthy women, demonstrating different movement patterns of diaphragm, pelvic floor, and muscular wall surrounding the abdominal cavity during a Valsalva maneuver as opposed to a straining maneuver, by means of real-time dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed ...
Rousset Pascal P Radiology Department, Hôtel Dieu Hospital, University Paris Descartes, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France. - - 2012
Understanding the levator ani complex architecture is of major clinical relevance. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) fiber tractography with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) as a tool for the three-dimensional (3D) representation of normal subdivisions of the levator ani. Ten young nulliparous ...
Scott Jessica M - - 2012
This study examined the reliability and validity of using customized templates to acquire panoramic ultrasound (US) images for determining cross-sectional area (CSA) and volume in the vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF), medial gastrocnemius (MG) and lateral gastrocnemius (LG). Panoramic US and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images were analyzed by ...
Pedersen M - - 2012
Elasticity imaging is a relatively new ultrasound-based technique for investigating musculoskeletal injury. Sonoelastography (SEL), the most commonly used technique, allows determination of the elastic properties of tissue by applying pressure. Purpose: To critically evaluate the literature regarding the use of SEL in the diagnosis of tendon and muscle alterations. Materials ...
Wall Lindley B - - 2012
Diagnostic evaluation of rotator cuff muscle quality is important to determine indications for potential operative repair. Ultrasonography has developed into an accepted and useful tool for evaluating rotator cuff tendon tears; however, its use for evaluating rotator muscle quality has not been well established. The purpose of this study was ...
Kerkhoffs Gino M M J - - 2013
Identification of the most relevant diagnostic and prognostic factors of physical examination and imaging of hamstring injuries in (elite) athletes. A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE for articles between 1950 and April 2011. A survey was distributed among the members of the European Society of Sports Traumatology, ...
Arija-Blázquez Alfredo - - 2012
The objective of the present repeat-measures study was to determine whether plasma serum levels of testosterone, cortisol, osteocalcin or type I collagen C-telopeptide (CT) are acutely affected following an electro-myostimulation (EMS) bout, and their relation to bone mineral density and muscle mass. Ten men with recent (8 weeks) thoracic spinal cord ...
Miyazaki Osamu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Clinical use of 3D CT for fetal skeletal malformations is controversial. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fetal 3D CT using three protocols with different radiation doses and through comparing findings between fetal CT and conventional postnatal radiographic skeletal survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Amarteifio Erick - - 2012
Purpose:To assess whether myoplasmic ionic sodium (Na(+)) is increased in muscles of patients with hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HyperPP) with 3-T sodium 23 ((23)Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to evaluate the effect of medical treatment on sodium-induced muscle edema.Materials and Methods:This study received institutional review board approval; written informed consent ...
Eley Karen A - - 2012
Angioleiomyomas are benign solitary smooth muscle tumors originating in the tunica media of vessels. They are rarely encountered within the oral cavity, and the number of reported cases specifically involving the hard palate remains small. A 39-year-old man presented with a 2-cm painless swelling on the left anterior hard palate. ...
Parasuraman Subramani - - 2012
To determine the biodistribution properties of cleistanthin A and cleistanthin B in rodents using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Cleistanthins A and B, constituents of Cleistanthus collinus Roxb., were labelled with gadolinium (Gd(3+)) directly and injected into normal and tumoric nude mice. The tissue signal intensity was measured using MRI to ...
Meyer-Marcotty Max V - - 2012
The reconstruction of the weight-bearing sole is a challenge for every plastic surgeon. Composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) of the sole of the foot may be a good therapeutic option for patients with large defects in the weight bearing area of the foot. As part of the preparation for a CTA ...
Jay William I - - 2012
The action currents of a dendrite, peripheral nerve or skeletal muscle create their own magnetic field. Many investigators have attempted to detect neural and dendritic currents directly using magnetic resonance imaging that can cause the phase of the spins to change. Our goal in this paper is to use the ...
Sinha Shantanu S Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA. - - 2012
To design a computer-controlled, magnetic resonance (MR)-compatible foot pedal device that allows in vivo mapping of changes in morphology and in strain of different musculoskeletal components of the lower leg under passive, isometric, concentric, and eccentric contractions. A programmable servomotor in the control room pumped hydraulic fluid to rotate a ...
Partovi Sasan S Department of Radiology, University Hospital Bruderholz, Basel, Switzerland. - - 2012
Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) contrast in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of skeletal muscle mainly depends on changes of oxygen saturation in the microcirculation. In recent years, an increasing number of studies have evaluated the clinical relevance of skeletal muscle BOLD MR imaging in vascular diseases, such as peripheral arterial occlusive disease, diabetes ...
Yoshino Tateki - - 2012
Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare inflammatory lesion of the bladder, characterized by massive eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall. Its cause is not known definitely. A 49-year-old man consulted our department with a miction pain, gross hematuria, and frequent micturition. Urinalysis showed combined hematuria and pyuria, but urine culture was ...
Imam Yahia Z - - 2012
Background. Extrapontine myelinolysis (EPM) has been well described in the presence of rapid correction of hyponatremia. It is seldom reported with adrenal insufficiency. We report a unique case where a patient developed EPM as a result of adrenal insufficiency where the brain MRI revealed symmetrical lesion in the basal ganglia ...
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