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Hoang J K - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The aim of CT-guided CTSI is to inject medication into the foraminal region where the nerve root is inflamed. The optimal location for needle placement and therapeutic delivery, however, remain uncertain. The purpose of this study was to investigate how needle positioning and angle of approach impact the ...
Thomovsky Stephanie A - - 2012
Two 15-yr-old grizzly bear littermates were evaluated within 9 mo of each other with the symptom of acute onset of progressive paraparesis and proprioceptive ataxia. The most significant clinical examination finding was pelvic limb paresis in both bears. Magnetic resonance examinations of both bears showed cranial thoracic spinal cord compression. ...
Sanefuji Masafumi - - 2012
Parainfectious or autoimmune striatal lesions have been repeatedly described in children. We report a 7-year-old girl with painful muscle spasms, leading to the diagnosis of childhood stiff-person syndrome (SPS). Striatal lesions were demonstrated by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single-photon emission computed tomography but not by conventional MRI. Autoantibodies ...
Wong Kenneth R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Treacher Collins syndrome (TCS) is a facial dysostosis, the hallmark being bilateral malar hypoplasia. The purpose of this study is to morphologically classify the TCS malar deformity and to volumetrically characterise both the TCS zygoma and masseter muscle, including for left-right symmetry, compared to controls. We hypothesise that the ...
Stec Andrew A - - 2012
PURPOSE: We used 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging reconstruction to generate models of the pelvic floor musculature in classic bladder exstrophy, allowing for statistical analysis of changes seen in the anatomy after primary closure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with classic bladder exstrophy underwent pelvic magnetic resonance imaging before and after primary ...
Moerman Kevin M - - 2012
MRI is an ideal method for non-invasive soft tissue mechanical properties investigation. This requires mechanical excitation of the body's tissues and measurement of the corresponding boundary conditions such as soft tissue deformation inside the MRI environment. However, this is technically difficult since load application and measurement of boundary conditions requires ...
Mayer John M - - 2012
The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess lumbar multifidus, erector spinae, and quadratus lumborum muscle activity during lifts as measured by changes in transverse relaxation time (T2) from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thirteen healthy adults performed dynamic squat, stoop, and asymmetric stoop lifts at a standard load, with ...
Hwang Se Hwan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the anatomy of the optic nerve (ON), extraocular muscles (EOMs), and paranasal structures with regard to an endoscopic endonasal approach to the orbit using multiplanar reconstruction of computed tomographic (CT) scans. METHODS: The CT scans of 125 patients were retrospectively evaluated. The anatomic relationships ...
Talasz Helena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To prove a basic physiological principle in healthy women, demonstrating different movement patterns of diaphragm, pelvic floor, and muscular wall surrounding the abdominal cavity during a Valsalva maneuver as opposed to a straining maneuver, by means of real-time dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). STUDY DESIGN: The study was performed ...
Rousset Pascal - - 2012
Understanding the levator ani complex architecture is of major clinical relevance. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) fiber tractography with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) as a tool for the three-dimensional (3D) representation of normal subdivisions of the levator ani. Ten young nulliparous ...
Scott Jessica M - - 2012
This study examined the reliability and validity of using customized templates to acquire panoramic ultrasound (US) images for determining cross-sectional area (CSA) and volume in the vastus lateralis (VL), rectus femoris (RF), medial gastrocnemius (MG) and lateral gastrocnemius (LG). Panoramic US and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images were analyzed by ...
Pedersen M - - 2012
Elasticity imaging is a relatively new ultrasound-based technique for investigating musculoskeletal injury. Sonoelastography (SEL), the most commonly used technique, allows determination of the elastic properties of tissue by applying pressure. Purpose: To critically evaluate the literature regarding the use of SEL in the diagnosis of tendon and muscle alterations. Materials ...
Wall Lindley B - - 2012
Diagnostic evaluation of rotator cuff muscle quality is important to determine indications for potential operative repair. Ultrasonography has developed into an accepted and useful tool for evaluating rotator cuff tendon tears; however, its use for evaluating rotator muscle quality has not been well established. The purpose of this study was ...
Kerkhoffs Gino M M J - - 2013
Identification of the most relevant diagnostic and prognostic factors of physical examination and imaging of hamstring injuries in (elite) athletes. A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE for articles between 1950 and April 2011. A survey was distributed among the members of the European Society of Sports Traumatology, ...
Arija-Blázquez Alfredo - - 2012
The objective of the present repeat-measures study was to determine whether plasma serum levels of testosterone, cortisol, osteocalcin or type I collagen C-telopeptide (CT) are acutely affected following an electro-myostimulation (EMS) bout, and their relation to bone mineral density and muscle mass. Ten men with recent (8 weeks) thoracic spinal cord ...
Miyazaki Osamu - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Clinical use of 3D CT for fetal skeletal malformations is controversial. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of fetal 3D CT using three protocols with different radiation doses and through comparing findings between fetal CT and conventional postnatal radiographic skeletal survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Amarteifio Erick - - 2012
Purpose:To assess whether myoplasmic ionic sodium (Na(+)) is increased in muscles of patients with hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HyperPP) with 3-T sodium 23 ((23)Na) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to evaluate the effect of medical treatment on sodium-induced muscle edema.Materials and Methods:This study received institutional review board approval; written informed consent ...
Eley Karen A - - 2012
Angioleiomyomas are benign solitary smooth muscle tumors originating in the tunica media of vessels. They are rarely encountered within the oral cavity, and the number of reported cases specifically involving the hard palate remains small. A 39-year-old man presented with a 2-cm painless swelling on the left anterior hard palate. ...
Parasuraman Subramani - - 2012
To determine the biodistribution properties of cleistanthin A and cleistanthin B in rodents using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Cleistanthins A and B, constituents of Cleistanthus collinus Roxb., were labelled with gadolinium (Gd(3+)) directly and injected into normal and tumoric nude mice. The tissue signal intensity was measured using MRI to ...
Meyer-Marcotty Max V - - 2012
The reconstruction of the weight-bearing sole is a challenge for every plastic surgeon. Composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) of the sole of the foot may be a good therapeutic option for patients with large defects in the weight bearing area of the foot. As part of the preparation for a CTA ...
Jay William I - - 2012
The action currents of a dendrite, peripheral nerve or skeletal muscle create their own magnetic field. Many investigators have attempted to detect neural and dendritic currents directly using magnetic resonance imaging that can cause the phase of the spins to change. Our goal in this paper is to use the ...
Sinha Shantanu S Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA. - - 2012
To design a computer-controlled, magnetic resonance (MR)-compatible foot pedal device that allows in vivo mapping of changes in morphology and in strain of different musculoskeletal components of the lower leg under passive, isometric, concentric, and eccentric contractions. A programmable servomotor in the control room pumped hydraulic fluid to rotate a ...
Partovi Sasan S Department of Radiology, University Hospital Bruderholz, Basel, Switzerland. - - 2012
Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) contrast in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of skeletal muscle mainly depends on changes of oxygen saturation in the microcirculation. In recent years, an increasing number of studies have evaluated the clinical relevance of skeletal muscle BOLD MR imaging in vascular diseases, such as peripheral arterial occlusive disease, diabetes ...
Yoshino Tateki - - 2012
Eosinophilic cystitis is a rare inflammatory lesion of the bladder, characterized by massive eosinophilic infiltration of the bladder wall. Its cause is not known definitely. A 49-year-old man consulted our department with a miction pain, gross hematuria, and frequent micturition. Urinalysis showed combined hematuria and pyuria, but urine culture was ...
Imam Yahia Z - - 2012
Background. Extrapontine myelinolysis (EPM) has been well described in the presence of rapid correction of hyponatremia. It is seldom reported with adrenal insufficiency. We report a unique case where a patient developed EPM as a result of adrenal insufficiency where the brain MRI revealed symmetrical lesion in the basal ganglia ...
Miyake Keisuke - - 2012
A 53-year-old man suffered from pulsating headache for 2 months. Magnetic resonance imaging with gadolinium revealed a linear or nodular mass along the left fronto-parietal convexity. Positron emission tomography (PET) with L-[methyl-(11)C]methionine ((11)C-MET) demonstrated increased uptake in the enhanced lesion. Biopsy, obtained by craniotomy, demonstrated granulation with lymphocyte and plasma ...
Montefort Maxine - - 2012
A 57-year-old man was admitted with right arm weakness and numbness on the background of intermittent headaches. On examination he was found to have mildly decreased sensation, power was 4/5 on the right side. He had dyspraxia in the right hand and was unable to spell his name. His speech ...
Ma Yunn-Hwa - - 2012
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been proposed for targeted or embolization therapeutics. How MNP retention occurs in circulation may critically determine local hemodynamics, tissue distribution of MNPs, and the therapeutic effects. We attempted to establish a microcirculation model to study the magnetic capture of MNPs in small vessels and to determine ...
Schreinemacher Marc H - - 2012
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. It affects 10-15% of women during reproductive age and has a big personal and social impact due to chronic pelvic pain, subfertility, loss of work-hours and medical costs. Such conditions are exacerbated by the fact that the correct ...
Godefroy Antoine - - 2011
This report is of a case of gemistocytic astrocytoma investigated by perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging associated with proton MR spectroscopy. The conventional MR imaging presentation of gemistocytic astrocytoma is similar to that of HGG, metastasis or lymphoma. Nevertheless, a precise diagnosis is crucial as the prognosis and therapy of ...
Masetti Riccardo - - 2011
Granulocytic sarcoma is a very rare disease in childhood, which may precede the clinical manifestations of acute myeloid leukemia or may occur as a relapse of a nonleukemic acute myeloid leukemia. It is a malignant, solid tumor consisting of myeloblasts or immature myeloid cells occurring in extramedullary sites. We report ...
Chung Jonathan H - - 2011
We sought to identify radiologic and clinical findings associated with extrapleural hematomas (EPHs), to formulate an imaging-based classification system for EPHs, and to identify any radiologic or clinical factors associated with surgical intervention. Thirteen cases of EPH were gathered during the clinical review. An EPH was diagnosed on computed tomography ...
Inaba Kenji - - 2011
As trauma care evolves, there has been increased reliance on imaging. The purpose of this study was to examine changes in trauma imaging and radiation exposure over time. Our hypothesis was that there has been an increased usage of imaging in the management of trauma patients without measurable improvements in ...
Nemec Ursula - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used as an adjunct to ultrasound in prenatal imaging, the latter being the standard technique in obstetrical medicine. METHODS: Initial results demonstrate the ability to visualise the foetal skeleton and muscles on MRI, and highlight the potentially useful applications for foetal MRI, which has ...
Brockmann C - - 2012
Assuming thromboembolic events to be the origin of silent strokes during cerebral digital subtraction angiography (DSA), antiplatelet therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) should significantly reduce the risk for DSA-related silent stroke. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to assess whether ASA does prevent DSA-related silent stroke in terms of ...
Currie S - - 2011
Spondylitis is the most common osseous manifestation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Although treatable, it continues to cause significant mortality and morbidity. Early diagnosis through familiarity with its imaging characteristics is essential to permit rapid treatment and prevent potential life-limiting consequences. In this review, we demonstrate the key magnetic resonance imaging ...
Quinn Antonia C - - 2011
A recent Cochrane Review has demonstrated that emergency ultrasonography decreases the amount of computerised tomographic scans in blunt abdominal trauma.13 However, there is no systematic review that has evaluated the utility of the Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma(FAST) exam in penetrating torso trauma. We systematically reviewed the medical literature ...
Demertzis Jennifer L - - 2011
The role of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluating patients with inflammatory arthritides has evolved with the recent introduction of drugs capable of modifying disease activity and natural history. In conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, active synovitis and bone marrow inflammation precede and predict bone and cartilage erosion. These imaging findings identify ...
Del Grande Filippo - - 2011
ABSTRACT: The following article reviews the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), focusing on the 3 major types of IIM: polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and inclusion-body myositis. After a brief introduction with general information about IIM, we will discuss the reasons why MRI plays an ...
Marino Silvia - - 2011
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of neurological damage and disability. Conventional imaging (CT scan or MRI) is highly sensitive in detecting lesions and provides important clinical information regarding the need for acute intervention. However, abnormalities detected by CT scan or conventional MRI have limited importance in the ...
Yu Jinxing - - 2011
Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has emerged as the imaging modality of choice for evaluating the abdomen and pelvis in trauma patients. MDCT readily detects injury of the solid organs as well as direct and indirect features of bowel and/or mesenteric injury-an important advance given that unrecognized bowel and mesenteric injuries ...
Barkhoudarian Garni - - 2011
Concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a condition that affects hundreds of thousands of patients worldwide. Understanding the pathophysiology of this disorder can help manage its acute and chronic repercussions. Immediately following mTBI, there are several metabolic, hemodynamic, structural, and electric changes that alter normal cerebral function. These ...
Bériault Silvain - - 2011
We propose an automated method for preoperative trajectory planning of deep brain stimulation image-guided neurosurgery. Our framework integrates multi-modal MRI analysis (T1w, SWI, TOF-MRA) to determine an optimal trajectory to DBS targets (subthalamic nuclei and globus pallidus interna) while avoiding critical brain structures for prevention of hemorrhages, loss of function ...
Morrison Jonathan J - - 2011
Computed tomography (CT) scanning is a vital imaging technique in selecting patients for nonoperative management of civilian penetrating abdominal trauma. This has reduced the rate of nontherapeutic laparotomies and associated complications. Battlefield abdominal injuries conventionally mandate laparotomy, and with the advent of field deployable CT scanners it is unclear whether ...
Broder Joshua Seth - - 2010
Noncontrast computed tomography (CT) provides important diagnostic information for patients with traumatic brain injury. A systematic approach to image interpretation optimizes detection of pathologic air, fractures, hemorrhagic lesions, brain parenchymal injury, and abnormal cerebrospinal fluid spaces. Bone and brain windows should be reviewed to enhance injury detection. Findings of midline ...
Gul Sanser - - 2010
Case description. To present a case of a missed diagnosis of penetrating spine injury by wood and review of the literature. Penetrating spinal injuries by wood are rare injuries. Less than 10 cases with penetrating spine injuries by a wooden fragment had been reported earlier. A 23-year-old man had fallen ...
Jagoda Andy S - - 2010
The definition of a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) has come under close scrutiny and is changing as a result of refined diagnostic testing. Although up to 15% of patients with a mild TBI will have an acute intracranial lesion identified on head computed tomography (CT), less than 1% of ...
Navajas E A - - 2010
The potential of the composition of the forerib measured by X-ray computed tomography (CT) as a predictor of carcass composition was evaluated using data recorded on 30 Aberdeen Angus and 43 Limousin crossbred heifers and steers. The left sides of the carcasses were split into 20 cuts, which were CT ...
Scaife Eric R - - 2010
Pediatric trauma is usually a nonoperative experience for the pediatric general surgeon. The pediatric trauma surgeon resuscitates the child and then evaluates and triages the identified injuries. A common diagnostic tool is the computed tomography (CT) scan. Most children who require evaluation for significant trauma will get a CT scan, ...
Maxfield Bradley A - - 2010
Acute spinal injuries are fortunately rare in pediatric sports but can be catastrophic. Imaging is integral to the diagnosis and care of spinal trauma. Plain radiographs and CT are critical for detecting vertebral fracture, and MR imaging is an essential adjunct for evaluating muscular, ligamentous, and spinal cord injury. Back ...
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