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Jaiswal Manish - - 2014
We report the development of thermo-responsive magnetic hydrogels based on poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) encapsulation of Fe3O4 magnetic nanostructures (MNS). In particular, we examined the effects of hydrogels encapsulated with poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) surface modified Fe3O4 MNS on magnetic resonance (MR) T2 (transverse spin relaxation) contrast enhancement and ...
Garg Vasant V Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA, - - 2014
To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous administration and off-label use of Spot sterile carbon stain (GI Supply, Camp Hill, PA) to a single PET-positive mesenteric lymph node to allow identification during subsequent laparoscopic resection. An asymptomatic 61-year-old male veteran with past medical history only for benign prostatic ...
Zapałowicz K K dr med. Krzysztof Zapałowicz, Klinika Neurochirurgii i Chirurgii Nerwów Obwodowych, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi, Uniwersytecki Szpital Kliniczny im. WAM-CSW, ul. Żeromskiego 113, 90-549 Łódź, Polska, e-mail: - - 2013
The authors describe the use of bone cement containing calcium phosphate for vertebroplasty of the cavity in the base of odontoid process. A 23-year-old female patient was operated on by incision in lateral cervical area (anterior open access). After a blunt dissection, the working cannula (Kyphon) was introduced under fluoroscopic ...
Hu He - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the targeted T1-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), quantitative biodistribution and toxicity of aptamer (AS411) conjugated Mn3O4@SiO2 core-shell nanoprobes (NPs) in human cervical carcinoma tumor-bearing mice. The NPs were firstly prepared by encapsulating a hydrophobic Mn3O4 core within an amino functionalized silica shell. The ...
Jing Zhang - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the clinical performance of three-dimensional (3D) fast-recovery fast spin-echo (FRFSE) magnetic resonance dacryocystography (MRD) with topical administration of sterile saline solution for the assessment of the lacrimal drainage system (LDS). METHODS: A total of 13 healthy volunteers underwent both 3D-FRFSE MRD and two-dimensional (2D)-impulse ...
Yu Jiahui - - 2013
This research is aimed to develop a kind of poly(ethylene glycol) shell-sheddable magnetic nanomicelle as the carrier of doxorubicin (Dox) in order to enhance its cellular uptake ability, and achieve synchronous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-visible function. Firstly, the five-member rings in poly (l-succinimide) (PSI) were successively opened by the amino ...
Zaphiratos Valerie - - 2013
Sterile magnetic drapes are frequently used during surgery to hold metal instruments on the sterile field. Magnetic fields may potentially interfere with the function of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices such as pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators. In this study, we evaluated the potential magnetic interference of magnetic drapes on pacemaker ...
Muthiah Muthunarayanan - - 2013
The aim of this study is to prepare biocompatible and targetable nanoparticles in lymph nodes (LNs) for lymph node-specific magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Mannan-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) (mannan-SPION), carboxylic mannan-coated SPION (CM-SPION), and β-glucan-coated SPION (Glucan-SPION) have been developed to target antigen-presenting cells (APCs), for lymph node detection ...
Deli Martin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of sterile saline solution as the sole contrast agent for percutaneous magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided epidural injections at 1.5 T. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of two different techniques of MRI-guided epidural injections was performed with either gadolinium-enhanced saline solution or sterile saline solution for documentation ...
Mi Peng - - 2012
Nanodevices for magnetic resonance imaging of cancer were self-assembled to core-shell micellar structures by metal complex formation of K(2)PtCl(6) with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid gadolinium (III) dihydrogen (Gd-DTPA), a T(1)-contrast agent, and poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly{N-[N'-(2-aminoethyl)-2-aminoethyl]aspartamide} (PEG-b-PAsp(DET)) copolymer in aqueous solution. Gd-DTPA-loaded polymeric micelles (Gd-DTPA/m) showed a hydrodynamic diameter of 45 nm and a core ...
Dehvari Khalilalrahman - - 2012
Amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers are more likely to be the pathogenic agents of Alzheimer's disease. Development of multiple approaches in detection and clearance pathway for Aβ, may eventually lead to diagnosis and treatments of AD. Following this concept, we proposed temperature-responsive magnetic drug delivery system (DDS). This system designed to enhance ...
Hammond Nancy A - - 2012
Contrast-enhanced multiphase CT and dynamic gadolinium-enhanced MR have been validated in the literature as outstanding modalities for the evaluation of pancreatic pathology. In addition to the more frequently seen pancreatic adenocarcinoma, neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas and cystic lesions such as serous and mucinous cystadenomas and IPMNs, a variety of ...
Bhattacharya Anish - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Labeled leukocyte scintigraphy has been used as an indicator of pancreatic necrosis in patients with acute pancreatitis and proposed for the detection of infection in peripancreatic fluid collections. The authors present a PET/CT scan showing abnormal uptake of F-Fluorodeoxyglucose-labeled autologous leukocytes in a pancreatic pseudocyst, from which aspirated fluid ...
Iglesias-García J - - 2012
Differential diagnosis of solid pancreatic lesions remains as an important clinical challenge, mainly for the differentiation between mass forming chronic pancreatitis, autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can all provide valuable and complementary information in this setting. Among them, EUS ...
Fukukura Yoshihiko - - 2012
To compare the apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) of pancreatic adenocarcinomas that appear hyperintense with clearly defined borders (clear hyperintense) with those that do not show clear hyperintense borders on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. Institutional review board approval was obtained and informed consent was waived. Eighty patients with histologically confirmed ...
Tirkes Temel - - 2012
Pancreatic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become a useful tool in evaluating pancreatic disorders. Technical innovations in MR imaging have evolved over the last decade, with most sequences being performed in one or a few breath-holds. Three-dimensional sequences with thin, contiguous slices allow for improved spatial resolution on the postgadolinium ...
Fukukura Yoshihiko - - 2012
Purpose:To compare the apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) of pancreatic adenocarcinomas that appear hyperintense with clearly defined borders (clear hyperintense) with those that do not show clear hyperintense borders on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images.Materials and Methods:Institutional review board approval was obtained and informed consent was waived. Eighty patients with histologically ...
Bashir Mustafa R - - 2012
Multidetector-row CT (MDCT) imaging of the pancreas has important roles in diagnosis, staging, and treatment monitoring of a vast array of pancreatic diseases. Optimizing MDCT protocols not only requires an understanding of expected pathologies but also must take into account cumulative radiation dose considerations.
Arifin Dian R - - 2012
Microencapsulation is a commonly used technique for immunoprotection of engrafted therapeutic cells. We investigated a library of capsule formulations to determine the most optimal formulation for pancreatic beta islet cell transplantation, using barium as the gelating ion and clinical-grade protamine sulfate (PS) as a new cationic capsule cross-linker. Barium-gelated alginate/PS/alginate ...
Deprez F C - - 2012
We report the case of an 82-year-old female presenting with acute epigastric abdominal pain after traumatic blow on the epigastrum. High-resolution multimodal imaging comprising Ultrasound, CT and MR, correlation with laboratory blood analyses and a 6 months CT follow-up allowed us to make a definite diagnosis of traumatic heterotopic pancreatitis. ...
Moncayo Valeria M - - 2012
A 72-year-old woman with a history of diabetes mellitus presented with severe episodes of hypoglycemia, associated with diaphoresis and somnolence, for 1 year. Workup revealed high insulin and c-peptide. Given the clinical suspicion of an insulinoma, an MRI was performed, which demonstrated abnormal enhancement in the pancreatic head. An octreotide ...
Hur Bo Yun - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of mass-forming autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), which allow its differentiation from pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR images of 37 patients with either pathologically proven, mass-forming AIPs (n = 9) or PACs (n = 28) were retrospectively reviewed. The pancreatic ...
Kim J H - - 2012
Iron-containing fragmented islets or free iron released from dying cells could confound the interpretation of MRI of iron nanoparticle-labeled islets. Exclusion of small hypointense spots could be a useful strategy to avoid such artifact. We investigated whether this strategy could improve the estimation of functioning islet mass after islet transplantation. ...
Dinia Lavinia - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate longitudinal changes in white matter lesions (WMLs) in migraineurs with aura, by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to correlate WMLs modifications with patients' clinical characteristics. METHODS: Forty-one consecutive migraineurs with aura were followed for a mean time of 33.2 months. Patients underwent MRI at baseline and ...
Szabó Nikoletta - - 2012
Migraine is a common and disabling neurological disease. The pathomechanism that underlies the disorder is not entirely understood, and reliable biomarkers are missing. In the current analysis we looked for microstructural alterations of the brain white matter in migraine patients by means of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The measurements were ...
Tüzün Erdem - - 2012
Anti-N-methyl-D: -aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis has been recently identified as a fulminant encephalopathy, presenting with a variety of symptoms including behavioral change, amnesia and seizures suggesting cortical gray matter involvement. A 42-year-old woman presented with acute-onset clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings indicating brainstem and diencephalon involvement. Her neuropsychological ...
Asano Kenichiro - - 2012
Primary bone xanthoma is a rare type of tumor, and those developing primarily within the skull are even more unusual. In this case, a primary bone xanthoma of the clivus without endocrine or metabolic complications represents the first of this type to be reported. The patient, a 24-year-old woman, initially ...
Norikane Takashi - - 2012
A 53-year-old man who presented with mild headache and ophthalmodynia underwent carbon-11 methionine (MET) positron emission tomography (PET). MET PET images demonstrated intense uptake in the periphery of the brain, significantly higher than the physiological uptake in the brain. Biopsy specimens from the pachymeninx indicated hypertrophic pachymeningitis with IgG4-positive plasma ...
Kobayashi Shinjiro - - 2012
A 62-year-old man was admitted with dyspnea. Computed tomography (CT) revealed left massive pleural effusion and a cystic lesion in the posterior mediastinal compartment extending to the pancreatic head via the esophageal hiatus. The pleural effusion had a high amylase content. Based on these findings, we diagnosed mediastinal pancreatic pseudocyst ...
Cagnin Annachiara - - 2012
The development of focal hand dystonia after a traumatic injury of the central or the peripheral nervous system is a rare condition with multifactorial predisposing factors. We report on a patient who developed focal dystonia of the left hand after a cervical whiplash injury. Magnetic resonance imaging did not show ...
Shimizu Shuya - - 2012
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is characterized by irregular narrowing of the main pancreatic duct (MPD), and narrowing of the MPD is an essential criterion for the diagnosis of focal/segmental AIP according to the Japanese diagnostic criteria 2011. We report a 55-year-old man in whom magnetic resonance imaging showed two masses in ...
Gonoi Wataru - - 2012
Meandering main pancreatic duct (MMPD), which comprises loop type and reverse-Z type main pancreatic duct (MPD), has long been discussed its relation to pancreatitis. However, no previous study has investigated its clinical significance. We aimed to determine the non-biased prevalence and the effect of MMPD on idiopathic pancreatitis using non-invasive ...
Triantopoulou Charikleia - - 2012
Metastatic lesions of the pancreas are uncommon, accounting for approximately 2% of pancreatic malignancies. Many tumours involve the pancreas secondarily and may manifest with different clinical and imaging characteristics. Although many patients have widespread disease, isolated metastases can be found. Surgical management is associated with improved survival in these cases. ...
Tepper Stewart J - - 2011
Background.- Progression of migraine toward a more disabling chronic form of at least 15 days/month is linked with frequency of attacks. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of iron accumulation in the brain, especially in periaqueductal gray and red nucleus, have been correlated with both duration of illness and frequency of ...
Segard Julien - - 2011
We conducted a retrospective study of 291 patients aged 75 years or older who were admitted to the emergency department and who underwent a computed tomography (CT) brain scan. Our aims were to assess the reasons for requesting an urgent CT brain scan, to record the diagnostic yield of cerebral ...
Chen Clark C - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Entrapped temporal horn syndrome secondary to obstructive neoplastic lesions is most frequently treated by surgical excision of the offending lesion. Here we describe an alternate approach involving temporal horn to prepontine cistern shunting followed by radiosurgery of the offending lesion. METHODS: A 41-year-old woman with a history of meningomatosis ...
Caimmi Davide - - 2011
Isolated pediatric sphenoidal sinusitis is an uncommon disorder with sphenoiditis more commonly found as part of pansinusitis. Recognizing the condition on history and examination alone is difficult and delayed diagnosis many occur in many cases. Nasal endoscopy, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are essential adjuncts to confirm ...
Gocmen-Mas N - - 2011
Brain balance changes have been recognised in migraine, but cerebellar function between or during attacks has been assessed only in a few studies. Previous studies have indicated that migraine affects cerebellar function. In the present study we aimed to evaluate the hemicerebellar volume changes of patients with migraine without aura ...
Machet A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe the rare association of trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) with a brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) of the posterior fossa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a report of three patients presenting with TGN due to vascular compression by a bAVM of the posterior fossa, with emphasis on clinical presentation, diagnostic ...
Imarhiagbe Frank Aiwansoba - - 2011
Background: Headache is a common complaint in general practice and it is known that most headaches are primary and that the yield of neuroimaging like cranial computed tomography (CT) in headache is generally low. In this study, we were able to demonstrate that the yield of neuroimaging in non-acute and ...
Mohan Suyash - - 2011
A 40-year-old woman presented with vague headaches and blurred vision. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed bilaterally symmetrical diffuse enlargement of the lacrimal glands. A fine needle biopsy of the lacrimal gland was consistent with sarcoidosis. Although, isolated lacrimal gland involvement is rare, it may be the initial ...
Knackstedt Heidi - - 2012
This paper aims to investigate the relevance of morphological changes in the main stabilizing structures of the craniocervical junction in persons with cervicogenic headache (CEH). A case control study of 46 consecutive persons with CEH, 22 consecutive with headache attributed to whiplash associated headache (WLaH) and 19 consecutive persons with ...
Gilbert John W - - 2011
Objectives To estimate recent trends in CT/MRI utilisation among patients seeking emergency care for atraumatic headache in the USA and to identify factors associated with a diagnosis of significant intracranial pathology (ICP) in these patients. Design/setting/participants Data were obtained from the USA National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey of emergency ...
Mourand Isabelle - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Hemiplegic migraine is a rare type of migraine that has an aura characterized by the presence of motor weakness, which may occasionally last up to several days, and then resolve without sequela. Pathogenesis of migraine remains unclear and, recently, perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) has provided a non-invasive method to study ...
Mea Eliana - - 2011
This article briefly reviews the spectrum of headaches associated with Chiari type I malformation (CMI) and specifically analyzes the current data on the possibility of this malformation as an etiology for some cases of chronic daily headache (CDH). CMI is definitely associated with cough headache and not with primary episodic ...
Galvin Angela - - 2011
The pancreas is a site of origin of a diverse range of benign and malignant tumours, and these are frequently detected, diagnosed and staged with computed tomography (CT). Knowledge of the typical appearance of these neoplasms as well as the features of locoregional invasion is fundamental for all general and ...
Nam Tai-Seung - - 2011
We report a case of 70-year-old man with glioblastoma presenting as acute encephalitic illness. The patient exhibited sudden onset of cognitive impairment and headache for 2 days. Initial brain MRI showed left temporal lobe hyperintensity, and cerebrospinal fluid cytology revealed a mild pleocytosis. The patient had initially improved after medical ...
Wittmann Maria - - 2011
In this report, we describe a patient who developed severe headache following epidural analgesia for labor and delivery. Although the epidural puncture had been reported to be uneventful, headache was initially suspected to result from an accidental dural puncture. After the headache worsened, a sinus venous thrombosis was suspected and ...
Koh Elly - - 2011
We report a 20-year-old man who suffered from severe headache. A brain CT scan revealed that he had diffuse brain swelling and increased attenuation of the basal cisterns and Sylvian fissure. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was diagnosed but the results of CT angiography and conventional arterioangiography were negative. His headache relapsed ...
Jo Yoon-Sik - - 2011
Thunderclap headache (TCH) refers to a sudden-onset, severe headache that features in subarachnoid hemorrhage, unruptured intracranial aneurysm, cerebral venous thrombosis, pituitary apoplexy, cervical artery dissection, and hypertensive reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy. TCH is a rare manifestation in cerebral or cerebellar infarctions. Herein, we report on a 60-year-old woman with a thunderclap ...
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