Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 989
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Picone Olivier - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether fetal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) adds useful information to the one obtained by ultrasound in fetuses with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. METHODS: MRI and ultrasonographic findings were analyzed retrospectively in 38 fetuses with proven congenital CMV infection. Both techniques were performed on the same week at ...
Hung Jeng-Hsiu - - 2008
A 28-year-old woman, gravida 1, para 0, was referred to our fetal diagnosis unit at 28(+2) gestational weeks because no fetal movements were detected. On 2-D ultrasonography, the cephalic axial view showed multiple hypoechoic spaces in the fetal brain, both cerebral cortex and occipital lobe showed bilateral defects, and the ...
Hatab Mustapha R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare the fetal biometric values head and abdominal circumferences, biparietal and occipital-frontal diameters, and left and right ventricular atrial diameters obtained with contemporaneous sonography and 3D MRI reconstructions in term pregnancies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 107 nulliparous women evaluated as having uncomplicated pregnancies and ...
Vázquez E - - 2008
Alexander disease (AD) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder characterized by megalencephaly, leukoencephalopathy, and Rosenthal fibers within astrocytes. This report describes the case of a female patient with sonography-detected ventriculomegaly at 32 weeks' gestation and distinctive MR imaging features at 33 and 36 weeks' gestation, at birth, and at 2 months ...
Manganaro L - - 2009
PURPOSE: To review our experience with fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We performed fetal MRI in 32 fetuses with an echocardiographically assessed CHD. Both direct and indirect signs of CHD were investigated. Direct signs considered were: morpho-volumetric abnormalities of the heart; malrotations; ventricular ...
Robinson Ashley J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Currently ocular biometric measurements are defined by US and are measured from the orbital walls. These bony landmarks cannot be seen by MRI, and therefore these measurements cannot be directly applied. OBJECTIVE: To define measurements of normal growth of the fetal eyes using MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Transorbital views ...
Taylor George A - - 2009
Congenital diaphragmatic hernias are complex and life-threatening lesions that are not just anatomic defects of the diaphragm, but represent a complex set of physiologic derangements of the lung, the pulmonary vasculature, and related structures. Imaging plays an increasingly important role in the care of these infants. Prenatal sonography and MRI ...
Büsing Karen A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the accuracy of the absolute fetal lung volume (FLV) measured at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and seven formulas for calculating relative FLV to predict neonatal survival and the need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective ...
Rizzo Giuseppe - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the possibility of diagnosing ventricular septal defects (VSDs) by using tomographic ultrasound imaging (TUI) on 4-dimensional volumes of the fetal chest obtained with spatiotemporal image correlation and the color Doppler function. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the 4-dimensional spatiotemporal image correlation volumes ...
Büsing Karen A - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the results of logistic regression analysis that were based on magnetic resonance (MR) image fetal lung volume (FLV) measurements to predict survival and the corresponding need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) before and after 30 weeks gestation. MATERIALS ...
Zheng Yu - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness of 3- and 4-dimensional ultrasonography (3D/4DUS) for the description of anomalies associated with trisomy 18 and to determine whether 3D/4DUS adds diagnostic information over what is provided by conventional 2-dimensional ultrasonography (2DUS) alone. METHODS: Twenty-six fetuses subsequently proven to ...
Dighe Manjiri - - 2008
Skeletal dysplasias are a heterogeneous group of conditions associated with various abnormalities of the skeleton. These conditions are caused by widespread disturbance of bone growth, beginning during the early stages of fetal development and evolving throughout life. Despite recent advances in imaging, fetal skeletal dysplasias are difficult to diagnose in ...
Oto Aytekin - - 2008
Management of cystic adnexal lesions diagnosed during pregnancy is a challenging issue for obstetricians. The range of treatment options changes from immediate surgery to close follow-up. This pictorial essay illustrates the magnetic resonance imaging findings of various cystic adnexal lesions in pregnant patients. Magnetic resonance imaging may help in better ...
Guibaud L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate and determine the significance of abnormal Sylvian fissure development (or abnormal operculization) in cases in which prenatal cerebral imaging is suggestive of underlying cortical dysplasia. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 15 fetuses at 24-34 weeks in which abnormal operculization was identified on prenatal cerebral imaging ...
Achiron R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study three- (3D) and four-dimensional (4D) ultrasound applications for the evaluation of fetal thoracic anomalies. METHODS: Volume datasets of 23 fetuses with thoracic anomalies were acquired with static 3D and cine 4D ultrasound, i.e. spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) mode. The volumes were analyzed and displayed by multiplanar and ...
Balogun Babajide O - - 2008
Fetus-in-fetu (FIF) is a pathological condition in which the malformed foetus is found in the body of its twin. We report this rare case of a 3-month-old female baby whose diagnostic work-up suggested a mesenteric cyst but the mass at surgery was a FIF. Although current imaging modalities like computerized ...
Parazzini C - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Prenatal magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is currently used to measure quantitative data concerning brain structural development. At present, morphometric MR imaging studies have been focused mostly on the third trimester of gestational age. However, in many countries, because of legal restriction on abortion timing, the majority of MR imaging ...
Deans Abby E AE Skirball Institute of Biomolecular Medicine, Department of Radiology, New York University, New York, New York 10016, - - 2008
The mouse is the preferred model organism for genetic studies of mammalian brain development. MRI has potential for in utero studies of mouse brain development, but has been limited previously by challenges of maximizing image resolution and contrast while minimizing artifacts due to physiological motion. Manganese (Mn)-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) studies ...
Rutherford Mary - - 2008
Fetal magnetic resonance imaging provides an ideal tool for investigating growth and development of the brain in vivo. Current imaging methods have been hampered by fetal motion but recent advances in image acquisition can produce high signal to noise, high resolution 3-dimensional datasets suitable for objective quantification by state of ...
Levine Deborah - - 2008
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the frequency and cause of disagreements in diagnoses at ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for fetuses referred for ventriculomegaly (VM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ninety-five women, aged 18-44 years, with 200 fetal referrals for VM, were recruited in a prospective IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant study. ...
Quek Yeak-Wun - - 2008
Hydranencephaly is a rare and fatal central nervous system disorder where all or nearly all of the bilateral cerebral hemispheres are absent. The extensive hollow cerebrum is replaced with cerebrospinal fluid. Clinically, the differential diagnoses of hydranencephaly include severe hydrocephalus and alobar holoprosencephaly. Nearly all cases are sporadic, involving approximately ...
Noreldeen S A - - 2008
Fetal intestinal volvulus is a rare life-threatening condition usually manifesting after birth. It appears on prenatal ultrasound imaging as a twisting of the bowel loops around the mesenteric artery, leading to mechanical obstruction and ischemic necrosis of the bowel. Vascular compromise can result in bowel infarction and eventual perforation of ...
Deutch Todd D - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the published literature and determine the roles that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and endovaginal 3-dimensional ultrasonography (3DUS) play in the diagnosis of müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs). METHODS: A PubMed search was performed to identify all of the articles pertaining to the ...
Zhang Gen-Hua - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the age-related developmental changes of taste bud distribution within the subpopulations at different postnatal ages in the mouse oral cavity. Developmental changes of taste bud distribution on the soft palate, fungiform, foliate and circumvallate papillae in the mouse oral cavity were examined ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2008
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare cardiac defect where the septal and posterior leaflets are displaced, towards the right ventricle. The leaflets are dysplastic and stuck to the ventricular wall. Its antenatal diagnosis is usually made through bidimensional echocardiography, which also has prognostic value. Recently, the technological breakthrough of three-dimensional ultrasound ...
Cannie M - - 2008
Ultrasound, which is now a widely available and generally accepted, low-cost technique with real-time properties, is the screening investigation of choice in fetal medicine. However, enthusiasm for fetal prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is rising, because of the absence of known biological risks, the increasing ease of performing of fetal ...
Leithner Katharina - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate women's psychological reactions when undergoing fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to estimate whether certain groups, based on clinical and sociodemographic variables, differ in their subjective experiences with fetal MRI and in their anxiety levels related to the scanning procedure. METHODS: This study is a prospective cohort ...
Breeze A C G - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Following perinatal death, organ weights at autopsy may provide evidence of growth restriction and pulmonary hypoplasia. Whilst postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may provide comparable information to autopsy about structural abnormalities, its ability to provide reproducible data about organ size has yet to be determined. We examined the feasibility ...
Manganaro Lucia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in fetal heart evaluation. METHOD: Two radiologists examined 31 MRI of fetuses with no ultrasound (US) evidence of cardio-thoracic anomalies. T2-weighted half-Fourier single-shot turbo spin-echo sequences were acquired for anatomic evaluation; fast imaging with steady-state free precession (TrueFISP) and cine-MR ...
Arnold R - - 2008
Exposure to cocaine in utero results in behavioral and neurodevelopmental abnormalities that persist into adulthood. Conventional MR imaging has generally failed to reveal the expected structural lesions to explain these clinical findings. We report a case of focal MR imaging signal-intensity changes in the substantia nigra, locus ceruleus, and other ...
de Bruyn Rose - - 2008
Following the introduction of routine prenatal scanning, and more recently detailed anomaly scans, antenatal ultrasound (US) diagnosis of fetal renal tract abnormalities has become well established. Prenatal detection has resulted in a group of asymptomatic infants becoming patients in the last two decades. These infants are referred for paediatric (general, ...
Cohen Marta C - - 2008
The decline in the postmortem (PM) autopsy rate in the United Kingdom paralleled the change in public perception of this procedure after the organ retention crisis in 2000. The introduction of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the fetal, perinatal, and pediatric autopsy led some investigators to propose that MRI could ...
Tsutsumi Seiji - - 2008
We report the first case of thanatophoric dysplasia (TD) successfully diagnosed in utero by a combination of 2-D ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) 3-D imaging and genetic analysis at 26 weeks' gestation. Prenatal sonographic examinations performed at 23 weeks' gestation revealed micromelic shortening of the limbs, reduced thoracic cavity and a ...
Solopova Alina - - 2008
We describe the prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a 25-week-old fetus with proven osteogenesis imperfecta type II. Fetal MRI findings are correlated with prenatal ultrasonography, conventional x-ray fetography and postpartal findings. Fetal MRI proves to be superior to conventional fetography in the evaluation of the skeletal findings. The ...
Nelson Thomas R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the performance of stereoscopic compared with conventional viewing of 3-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) data for evaluation of fetal bony structures. METHODS: A series of 47 human fetuses were evaluated with conventional 3DUS scanning systems. Twenty-five volumes of the fetal head, thorax, and ...
Obenauer Silvia - - 2008
Fetal magnetic resonance imaging has become a useful noninvasive modality to examine the human fetus in case of suspicious sonography. Normally, central nervous system structures of the fetus in utero indicate the need for further evaluation. Fast T(2)-weighted sequences are used, which minimize artifacts and allow high contrast between different ...
Yasuda Seiei - - 2008
Diffuse high FDG uptake in the stomach is occasionally observed on positron emission tomography (PET) images. Some PET oncologists believe this to be physiologic uptake, but the exact cause is undetermined. We retrospectively compared PET images and endoscopic findings to examine the relation between diffuse gastric FDG uptake and gastritis. ...
Sugai Yukio - - 2008
We report a case of a fetal omphalocele in which the internal structure of the hernia sac was imaged in detail by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The hernia sac consisted of amnion, Wharton jelly, and externally, peritoneum. The umbilical vascular channels (2 arteries, one vein) were surrounded by Wharton jelly. ...
Perkins L L Imaging Sciences Department, MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College, Hammersmith Campus, London, - - 2008
The subplate is a transient structure essential for normal development of the cortex. We used magnetic resonance imaging of the fetal brain to assess cortical subplate evolution between 20 and 35 weeks gestation. Two-dimensional measures of diameter were obtained for the cortex, subplate and fetal white matter. The subplate was ...
Bonel H - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the neuroimaging quality and accuracy of prospective real-time navigator-echo acquisition correction versus untriggered intrauterine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques. Twenty women in whom fetal motion artifacts compromised the neuroimaging quality of fetal MRI taken during the 28.7 +/- 4 week of pregnancy ...
Ono Kyoko - - 2007
Prenatal diagnosis of lymphangiomas located in the posterior mediastinum has been reported to be extremely rare. We present a fetus with a prenatally diagnosed posterior mediastinal lymphangioma found at 28 weeks' gestation. Fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a 46 x 26 x 30 mm multicystic mass extending ...
Montie Eric W - - 2007
This article provides the first anatomically labeled, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) -based atlas of the subadult and fetal Atlantic white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus) brain. It differs from previous MRI-based atlases of cetaceans in that it was created from images of fresh, postmortem brains in situ rather than extracted, formalin-fixed brains. ...
Inaoka Tsutomu - - 2007
The great potential of MRI for assessing gastrointestinal abnormalities in fetuses has been described. T1-weighted images may add additional information to T2-weighted images in diagnosing fetal gastrointestinal abnormalities. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of a 3D volumetric interpolated breath-hold sequence (VIBE) in evaluating the normal ...
Benacerraf Beryl R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in evaluating fetuses with the sonographic diagnosis of ventriculomegaly (VM). METHODS: Over 4 years, consecutive fetuses with the sonographic diagnosis of VM at 1 facility who underwent prenatal MRI at a second facility were ...
Moser T - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hypoattenuated foci in the otic capsule are routinely identified on multidetector CT (MDCT), particularly in pediatric patients. We aimed to describe and characterize the hypoattenuated focus in the anterior otic capsule. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We first reviewed histologic sections of the temporal bone from 8-month-old fetuses to ...
Tseng Jenn-Jhy - - 2007
A precise prenatal diagnosis of hemangioma may be uncertain although a variety of the antenatal appearances on 2-dimensional sonography have been reported. A 27-year-old primigravida was referred at 32 weeks of gestation for evaluation of a fetal nuchal mass. Two-dimensional sonography showed an extracranial mixed echogenic mass (65 x 54 ...
Nijs Els L F - - 2007
The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the most common anatomic, congenital, and developmental anomalies of the pancreas. Familiarity with the imaging appearances of these anomalies as well as the range of normal appearance is important to differentiate them from other conditions, especially since some of ...
Ando Kumiko - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Chiari type II malformation (CMII) is one of three hindbrain malformations that display hydrocephalus. We have observed that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) signal in the posterior fossa, which is always apparent on normal fetal MR images, is not visible in a fetus with CMII. We use the term 'tight posterior ...
McDevitt Helen - - 2007
Congenital anomalies causing airway obstruction in the newborn are potentially fatal. However if an effective airway can be maintained the long-term prognosis is often excellent. We present four cases of airway obstruction, three of which were diagnosed antenatally. We discuss the role of antenatal imaging and review delivery options including ...
Miyazaki Osamu - - 2007
We report a case of chondrodysplasia punctata tibia-metacarpal type (CDP-TM) that was diagnosed prenatally using multidetector CT (MDCT) with three-dimensional (3-D) CT reconstructions. Prenatal US had shown severe thoracic hypoplasia and rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, raising the suspicion of thanatophoric dysplasia. However, MDCT showed punctate calcifications in the epiphyseal ...
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