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Results 301 - 350 of 1002
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Chen Chih-Ping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To present the prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of concomitant craniorachischisis and omphalocele, review the literature, and discuss the pathogenesis. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old, gravida 2, para 0, woman was referred to genetic counseling at 17 weeks of gestation because of multiple congenital malformations in the fetus. Level ...
Zeidan Smart S Department of Pediatric Surgery, Timone-enfants Hospital, Marseille, France. - - 2009
This study evaluated the accuracy of prenatal MRI and postnatal CT imaging in the identification of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and bronchopulmonary sequestration by comparison with histological analysis. Over a 3-year period, 15 patients with lung malformations diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound were referred for prenatal MRI, and all were investigated ...
Tang Phua Hwee PH Department of Diagnostic Imaging, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore. - - 2009
Fetal imaging has improved with the development of faster magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, obviating the requirement for sedation. It is useful in characterising abnormality of the central nervous system in fetuses with abnormal or equivocal antenatal ultrasound findings. We reviewed all cases of fetal brain and spine MRI performed ...
Camuzcuoglu Hakan - - 2010
Dicephalic parapagus is a rare anomaly of monochorionic twinning. We present prenatal diagnosis of this anomaly with ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. She was at the 19th week of gestation. Even if earlier diagnosis is possible, this was her first examination unfortunately. Baby had two head and a common trunk. ...
Gupta Prerna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the role of fetal MRI in sonographically detected abdominal cystic masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six fetuses in 56 women with fetal malformation underwent sonography and MRI. Out of the 56 fetuses, 6 had intra-abdominal cystic masses and formed our study group. MRI findings were ...
Girard Nadine - - 2009
During the last decade, increasing interest in magnetic resonance imaging has emerged for the evaluation of fetal abnormalities detected on ultrasound. The advent of single-shot rapid acquisition sequences has greatly facilitated our ability to obtain detailed imaging information of the fetal brain. To date, fetal magnetic resonance imaging has shown ...
Fulford Jon - - 2009
Although functional magnetic resonance imaging is a technique that is widely used in adult populations, its use within a fetal environment has been extremely limited. Problems associated with movement and technical scanning issues have limited its effectiveness in providing reliable and spatially accurate details of fetal brain activity. However, initial ...
Leithner K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perception of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by women confronted with the necessity of a targeted prenatal examination because of suspicion of an abnormality, in order to develop a pre-scan information leaflet tailored to the information requirements of these women. METHODS: Sixty-two women were assessed by ...
Al-Mukhtar Ali - - 2009
Recent technological advances in fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and increased reliability of MRI in depicting abnormalities and lesions, especially in the central nervous system, are increasingly bringing up challenging issues with regard to accurate diagnosis. There are also pitfalls not only attributable to image acquisition but also in clinical ...
Glenn Orit A - - 2009
The fetal brain is a dynamic structure, which can now be imaged using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This article will review techniques of fetal MRI as well as several key aspects of brain development and their appearance on MRI. An understanding of normal fetal brain development is essential to correctly ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2009
Fetal MRI is becoming an increasingly powerful imaging tool for studying brain development in vivo. Until recently, the application of advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques was limited by motion in the nonsedated fetus. Extensive research efforts currently underway are focusing on the development of dedicated magnetic resonance imaging sequences and ...
Alamo Leonor - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to compare the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound (US) and prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis and characterization of congenital abnormalities of the genito-urinary tract and to determine if the additional information obtained by MRI may influence the management of the fetus. We ...
Richard C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To visualize and quantify the morphology and mineralization of the developing fetal human bony labyrinth, using 3D-microcomputed tomography (3D-microCT) imaging. METHODS: Eleven right temporal bones from late second and third trimester fetuses were used in this prospective pilot study. After fixation in 10% formalin solution, all samples underwent a ...
Nishie Akihiro - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the validity of the fetal right lung-to-liver signal intensity ratio (LLSIR) for prediction of postnatal outcomes in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 14 pregnant women who underwent MR exams for evaluation of fetal left-sided CDH. The fetuses were divided into two ...
Daga B V - - 2009
A fetus-in-fetu (FIF) is an uncommon developmental abnormality characterized by a reasonably well-formed but aborted fetus that is seen in the form of an encapsulated, pedunculated vertebrate tumor in the patient's abdomen. We report an interesting case of a double FIF in a 20-year-old man, who presented with acute abdominal ...
Manganaro L - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with steady-state free precession (SSFP) sequences to visualise the normal and pathological appearances of the cardiovascular system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of 83 pregnant women who underwent fetal cardiac MRI: 43 ...
Saleem Sahar N - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can assess fetuses with sonographically (ultrasonography (US))-suspected neural tube defects (NTD) that might influence their diagnoses and management decision. METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consents were obtained to perform MRI for 19 fetuses referred with US-suspected NTD. Prenatal imaging findings ...
Paquette L B - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date, very limited attention has been given to ocular abnormalities or growth parameters detected by fetal MR imaging. Our objective was to retrospectively determine the relationship between different parameters of eye development and estimated gestational age in the human fetus by use of fetal MR imaging. ...
Glenn Orit A - - 2009
MRI is being increasingly used to assess for fetal abnormalities. Although significant progress in the field of fetal MRI has occurred during the past 20 years, continued technical advances will likely contribute to significant growth of the field. Moreover, with continued hardware and software improvements, additional MRI sequences will likely ...
Wise L David - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This laboratory has been investigating the utility of X-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) to produce high-resolution, 3D images of skeletal structures in common laboratory species. The present investigation uses micro-CT evaluation of skeletons from rabbit fetuses exposed to the known teratogen, hydroxyurea. METHODS: Groups of 4-6 mated Dutch Belted female ...
Lin Chien-Heng - - 2009
Cebocephaly is a very rare congenital midline facial anomaly characterized by a blind-ended single nostril and ocular hypotelorism, and is usually combined with alobar holoprosencephaly. We report here a case of alobar holoprosencephaly with cebocephaly and craniosynostosis. Chromosomal analysis revealed normal karyotyping. The facial dysmorphism was characterized by the single ...
Huibers Marieke - - 2009
We describe a case concerning alobar holoprosencephaly and proboscis diagnosed at 20+3 weeks gestation during routine sonographic scanning. The internal neural and craniofacial malformations of the fetus were confirmed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Amniocentesis demonstrated trisomy 13 of a male fetus.
Wise L David - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Assessment of developmental toxicity has historically included assessment of fetal skeletal morphology after alizarin red staining. X-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) produces high-resolution images of skeletal structures and was investigated as an alternative method. METHODS: Groups of 5 mated Crl:CD (SD) female rats each were administered vehicle or boric acid ...
Aslan Halil - - 2009
We describe the abnormal sonographic findings in the brain of a 26-week fetus, which increased the suspicion of isolated lissencephaly. Follow-up ultrasound examination and MRI depicted diffuse cortical agyria, microcephaly, hypotelorism, and proptosis. Cordocentesis showed a normal 46,XY karyotype, and no short arm deletion of chromosome 17 was detectable. Postmortem ...
Hankinson Todd C - - 2009
OBJECT: Pediatric neurosurgeons are increasingly called on to provide prognostic data regarding the antenatal diagnosis of ventriculomegaly. This study was designed to determine if there is a correlation between prenatal MR imaging results and the need for ventricular shunt placement during the neonatal period. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the ...
Linduska N - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether currently available fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI/MR) techniques are sufficient for the assessment of placental pathologies. We hypothesized that placental pathologies as detected and evaluated by MRI, would correlate with histological findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, 45 ...
Koplay Mustafa - - 2009
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) and polycystic kidney disease (PKD) are genetically heterogeneous anomalies which can make up part of various syndromes or chromosomal anomalies. Due to the rapid lethality prognosis, early and precise prenatal diagnosis would be of great value. This case report describes extensive PKD involvement, already present in utero, in ...
Liu Feng - - 2010
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a promising tool for the noninvasive, longitudinal study of developing primate brains. We developed a protocol to scan pregnant baboons serially at 3T for up to 3h per session. This protocol includes procedures for animal preparation, anesthesia, MRI scanning, and post-scan animal care. We applied ...
Guibaud Laurent - - 2009
More than 20 years after its introduction, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now considered a useful complementary tool in the imaging work-up of fetal brain structural anomalies, but its real contribution in neuro-fetal imaging is still controversial. Our purpose is to present an overview of the most valuable indications of ...
Pugash Denise - - 2009
Fetal magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is technically feasible in utero and demonstrates similar findings to those observed in neonatal populations. MRS can provide additional information to conventional T1- and T2-weighted imaging of the fetal brain. It is of particular use when subtle changes are present on conventional fetal MRI sequences, ...
Rutherford Mary A MA Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK. - - 2009
Fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a relatively new clinical application but is becoming increasingly used in fetal medicine in combination with the established technique of antenatal ultrasound. A review of the literature to date provides information for clinicians to help assess which patients they should be referring for fetal ...
Huang Hao H Department of Radiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. - - 2009
The human brain is extraordinarily complex, and yet its origin is a simple tubular structure. Characterizing its anatomy at different stages of human fetal brain development not only aids in understanding this highly ordered process but also provides clues to detecting abnormalities caused by genetic or environmental factors. During the ...
Behairy Noha H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study is to evaluate the contribution of adding MRI findings to sonographic data when assessing fetal anomalies and to determine how this addition may affect the management of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively examined 26 fetuses who had sonographically suspected congenital anomalies over a period ...
Sawada Kazuhiko - - 2009
The aim of this study was to spatio-temporally clarify gross structural changes in the forebrain of cynomolgus monkey fetuses using 7-tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). T(1)-weighted coronal, horizontal, and sagittal MR slices of fixed left cerebral hemispheres were obtained from one male fetus at embryonic days (EDs) 70-150. The timetable ...
Klein Olivier - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cervical myelocystocele (CMC) is a very rare congenital malformation and belongs to the spectrum of skin-covered (occult) dysraphisms. Only 15 cases have been so far reported throughout the literature. We report the first case of CMC whose diagnosis was established prenatally by ultrasound imaging (US) followed by fetal magnetic ...
Wright C C Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, 1st Floor St Mary's Hospital, Hathersage Road, Manchester M13 0JH, UK. - - 2010
The role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in fetal imaging is expanding. The depth of structural information provided by MRI means it is more than just a useful adjunct to ultrasound, as several structures are more clearly visualised and many of the limitations of ultrasound are avoided. Currently, MRI is ...
Tilea B - - 2009
To provide normal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reference biometric data of the fetal brain, to evaluate reproducibility and gender effect, to compare the two cerebral hemispheres and to compare MRI with ultrasonographic biometry, in a large cohort. Normal cerebral fetal MRI examinations were collected prospectively and several parameters were measured: ...
B Ganesh Rao - - 2009
MRI is a useful supplement to USG for the assessment of fetal brain malformations. Superior soft tissue contrast and the ability to depict sulcation and myelination are the strengths of MRI. Subtle or inconclusive USG abnormalities can be confirmed or ruled out by MRI. In some cases, additional findings detected ...
Dill P - - 2009
Fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a well-established second line imaging modality in identifying complex pathologies of the central nervous system (CNS), especially when ultrasound (US) findings are equivocal. It may enable an early and precise diagnosis, which is essential in terms of management of pregnancy and pre-, peri- and ...
Sommerville R Brian - - 2009
Eosinophilic vasculitis has been described as part of the Churg-Strauss syndrome, but affects the central nervous system (CNS) in <10% of cases. A 39-year-old woman with a history of migraine without aura presented to an institution in an acute confusional state with concurrent headache and left-sided weakness. Laboratory evaluation showed ...
Ogbole Godwin - - 2009
Intracranial lipomas are rare benign neoplasms accounting for <0.1% of all primary brain tumours. Most lipomas were incidentally detected by autopsy or computed tomography (CT).These slow growing benign lesions are usually asymptomatic and rarely require surgery. We report the case of a 70-year-old Nigerian woman who presented with persistent headaches ...
Sergides I G - - 2009
Pituitary apoplexy is when there is acute haemorrhage into a pituitary adenoma. It presents with headache and altered consciousness with loss of pituitary function. Many cases have bitemporal hemianopia. Subarachnoid haemorrhage is in the differential diagnosis, but does not cause a similar visual field defect. Magnetic resonance imaging is required ...
Vaidhyanath Ram - - 2009
Severe acute headache is a common presenting symptom to an accident and emergency department. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is an increasingly recognised cause of these symptoms and has characteristic clinical and imaging findings. SIH is characterised by headache worse on standing, low opening cerebrospinal fluid pressures at lumbar puncture and ...
Otera Yuka - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Proximal focal femoral deficiency (PFFD) is a rare skeletal disorder characterized by failure in development of the subtrochanteric region of the femoral shaft, with varying degrees of shortening of the proximal femur. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of helical computed tomography as a prenatal diagnostic tool for bony abnormalities. ...
Borrell Antoni - - 2009
First trimester sonographic markers are the only markers achieving detection rates above 50% in the prenatal detection of fetal aneuploidy. Although potentially they are the best markers, some concerns have arisen about its clinical application. Pitfalls may be due to inability to examine the markers, incorrect assessment, or incorrect interpretation ...
Astley Susan J SJ Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA. - - 2009
Clinical and research advancements in the field of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) require accurate and valid identification of FASD clinical subgroups. A comprehensive neuropsychological battery, coupled with magnetic resonance imaging, (MRI), MR spectroscopy (MRS), and functional MRI (fMRI) were administered to children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) to ...
Benoist G - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative contributions to the diagnosis of fetal brain abnormalities of targeted ultrasound examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in fetuses infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of targeted brain ultrasound examination and fetal brain MRI performed in fetuses diagnosed with CMV infection ...
Tutschek B - - 2008
Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound volume acquisition, analysis and display of fetal structures have enhanced their visualization and greatly improved the general understanding of their anatomy and pathology. The dynamic display of volume data generally depends on proprietary software, usually supplied with the ultrasound system, and on the operator's ability to maneuver ...
Messing-Jünger A M AM Abteilung für Neurochirurgie, Asklepios Kinderklinik Sankt Augustin, Universität Bonn, Sankt Augustin, Germany. - - 2009
Specific conditions of the mother sometimes reduce the quality of ultrasound. In these cases, fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be performed after gestational week (GW) 18. Interpretation of subtle disorders or malformations becomes safe not before GW 23. Clinical development of children with central nervous system (CNS) disorders is ...
Tang P H - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anomalies associated with callosal agenesis (ACC) found postnatally have been well documented. However, to our knowledge, no detailed MR imaging analysis of associated anomalies has been reported in a large cohort of fetuses with ACC. This study will assess those anomalies and compare them with postnatal cohorts ...
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