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Descamps Marjanne J L - - 2010
Abstract Objective: To assess the use of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in obtaining a definitive prenatal diagnosis of cleft palate. Design: All expectant mothers with a sonographically diagnosed fetal cleft lip or a previously affected child with cleft palate were offered antenatal MRI at around 34 weeks' gestation. Images were ...
Deshmukh Swati - - 2010
Fetal lung volume can be assessed from MR images by planimetric measurement and comparison with normal values. We review 10 MRI articles that report normal fetal lung volumes based on gestational age to assess reproducibility and application of data. The articles were analyzed for differences in methodology and disparities in ...
Warren D J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is gathering evidence to suggest that agenesis of the corpus callosum is associated with delayed fetal sulcation; it is possible that the corpus callosum facilitates normal gyral development. In this paper we sought to confirm whether delayed sulcation is found in fetuses with isolated agenesis of ...
Berman J I - - 2011
SUMMARY: Fetal diffusion MR imaging was performed in 3 fetuses with CHD. ADC values in the periatrial WM, thalamus, and basal ganglia were compared with those in a control population of fetuses. Diffusivity in the periatrial WM and thalamus was higher for the fetuses with CHD compared with controls. These ...
Amer Hoda Zeinab M - - 2010
Chorangioma has been referred to as a hamartoma-like, or a hyperplastic capillary lesion, rather than a true neoplasm. Its incidence is 1 in 100 placentas. In chorangiomas larger than 4 cm, there can be significant effects on the hemodynamic and circulatory processes of the fetus, leading to grave clinical consequences, ...
Linam L E - - 2010
Enlargement of a kidney on prenatal imaging is usually due to hydronephrosis or cystic renal disease, and much less often results from solid tumors such as mesoblastic nephroma, Wilms' tumor, nephroblastomatosis, renal sarcoma, and angiomyolipoma. All can be diagnosed by ultrasound. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful not only in confirming ...
Goto Hirofumi - - 2010
We describe a case of congenital segmental giant megaureter in a boy that presented as a fetal abdominal mass. He also had bilateral undescended testes, bilateral vesicoureteral reflux, and segmental aniridia. He presented with hypoglycemia in the neonatal period that resolved. Postnatal magnetic resonance imaging, voiding cystourethrography and radionuclide imaging ...
Kuwashima Shigeko - - 2010
A woman was referred to our institution with an ultrasound (US) suggestive of right-sided heart in fetus at 34 weeks' gestation. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed right-sided heart, small right hemithorax, and completely absent right main bronchus and right pulmonary artery. From our experience with this case, we point out ...
BekiesiƄska-Figatowska Monika - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonography is the first step in the in vivo evaluation of fetal central nervous system. However, it is not always easy--or even possible--to carry out this examination because of maternal obesity, oligo- or ahydramnios or fetal position. Magnetic resonance imaging becomes then the only method of assessment. Recognition of ...
Fang J - - 2010
This report presents a case of nasopharyngeal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and a literature review concerning the use of [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). A 37-year old man was admitted to hospital complaining of nasal secretions with minor epistaxis and a 20-year history of snoring. Nasal endoscopy found ...
Celedin Stefan - - 2010
Fetal magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly being used as an adjunct to ultrasound. It allows for better visualization of in utero brain development and intracranial abnormalities (especially cerebral malformations). Hypothalamic hamartoma is a nonneoplastic malformation resembling normal hypothalamic tissue both histologically and on magnetic resonance imaging. Although it is rare, ...
Weston M J - - 2010
Improvements in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging now permit diagnostic images of the fetus to be obtained. Ultrasound remains vital in all aspects of fetal imaging but MR provides a useful second line imaging test. Its value is best researched in fetal central nervous system disorders but it can be applied ...
Vaneckova Manuela - - 2010
Post mortem magnetic resonance imaging is demonstrated as a supplementary method to classic pathological-anatomical autopsy in determining anomalies of the foetus. Frequently it plays a key role; primarily where the possibilities of performing autopsy are somehow limited (autolysis, ventricular dilatation). Specification of the final diagnosis subsequently enables us to improve ...
Barseghyan Karine - - 2010
A 34-year-old Hispanic woman was referred to us at 18 weeks' gestation for prenatal ultrasound. Sonographic evaluation showed a large omphalocele similar in size to the abdomen. Ultrasonographic and MRI images illustrating the typical appearance of a giant omphalocele are provided.
Toshima Takeo - - 2010
Thyroid metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) seldom occur and are often difficult to diagnose because of their asymptomatic clinical course. We evaluated a very rare case of solitary thyroid metastasis from HCC that showed high uptake of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), when imaged using fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT). ...
Castaldi P - - 2010
Incidentally discovered adrenal masses are a common diagnostic problem. While computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can adequately characterize most benign or malignant adrenal masses, in some cases the results are indeterminate. We report and discuss a case of an adrenal metastasis with misleading clinical and CT features, ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2010
Adverse neurodevelopmental outcome is an important source of morbidity in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). A significant proportion of newborns with complex CHD have abnormalities of brain size, structure, or function, which suggests that antenatal factors may contribute to childhood neurodevelopmental morbidity. Brain volume and metabolism were compared prospectively ...
Yazici Zeynep - - 2010
We present a case of Kniest dysplasia, a rare form of the type II collagenopathies, with prenatal MRI. Sonography revealed only short limbs in the fetus. Fetal MRI findings included enlarged hyaline cartilaginous structures with abnormally high T2 signal intensity, delayed ossification of the pubic and ischial bones, and platyspondyly. ...
Manfredi R - - 2010
PURPOSE: We evaluated the role of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis of corpus callosum agenesis - isolated or associated with other anomalies - in fetuses with mild cerebral ventriculomegaly, as depicted at prenatal sonography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2005 and March 2007, 33 fetuses with a mean ...
Huibers Marieke - - 2009
We describe a case concerning alobar holoprosencephaly and proboscis diagnosed at 20+3 weeks gestation during routine sonographic scanning. The internal neural and craniofacial malformations of the fetus were confirmed using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Amniocentesis demonstrated trisomy 13 of a male fetus.
Hines Neely - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the importance of echogenic material in the fetal frontal horns. This was a Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant, Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective study. In part 1 of the study, prenatal sonography, prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and birth outcomes of 17 ...
Saleem S N - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: JSRD are rare autosomal recessive brain malformations. We hypothesized that MR imaging can assess fetuses at risk for JSRD and might influence their diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively performed cranial MR imaging for 12 fetuses (mean GA, 23 weeks; SD, 3.7) at 25% recurrence risk for ...
Cozzi Denis A - - 2010
Abdominal lymphangioma represents an uncommon congenital anomaly. Herein, we describe an unusual case, which on routine antenatal ultrasonography masqueraded as isolated ascites. Subsequent fetal MRI at 27 weeks' gestation implemented antenatal assessment of the lesion, prompting further investigations and straightforward postnatal treatment. Fetal MRI represents a valuable adjunct to antenatal ...
Glenn Orit A - - 2010
Fetal MRI is clinically performed to evaluate the brain in cases where an abnormality is detected by prenatal sonography. These most commonly include ventriculomegaly, abnormalities of the corpus callosum, and abnormalities of the posterior fossa. Fetal MRI is also increasingly performed to evaluate fetuses who have normal brain findings on ...
Tomlinson Tracy M - - 2010
We assessed the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to define placental hypoxic injury associated with fetal growth restriction. On embryonic day 18.5 (E18.5) we utilized dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI on a 4.7-tesla small animal scanner to examine the uptake and distribution of gadolinium-based contrast agent. Quantitative DCE parameter analysis was ...
Wentland A L - - 2010
Fetal origin of the PCA is a common anatomic variation of the circle of Willis. On perfusion imaging, patients with unilateral fetal-type PCA may demonstrate left-right asymmetry that could mimic cerebrovascular disease. The aim of this study was to characterize the relationship between a fetal-type PCA and asymmetry of hemodynamic ...
Salomon L J - - 2009
Esophageal atresia is the principal cause of congenital esophageal obstruction. Prenatal suspicion of esophageal atresia is usually based on the presence of polyhydramnios together with an absent stomach bubble. More recently, visualization of the dilatation of the blind-ending esophagus (esophageal pouch) during fetal swallowing has been reported and proposed as ...
Gedikbasi Ali - - 2009
We report a case of schizencephaly diagnosed prenatally at 23 weeks of gestational age with two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) sonography and fetal brain MRI, confirmed by autopsy. The diagnostic method of choice is 2D transabdominal and transvaginal sonography, whereas additional 3D sonography and MRI may provide a better understanding ...
Griffiths P D - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fetal ventriculomegaly (VM) is important because of its high prevalence and high risk of association with other brain abnormalities. The purpose of this article was to investigate the hypotheses that including in utero MR imaging (iuMR) in the diagnostic pathway for fetuses with isolated VM on antenatal ...
Hocwald Ori - - 2009
Congenital brain tumors are rare. Clinically, they often result in macrocrania, hydrocephalus, and focal neurologic deficits. Fetal onset may result in dystocia and stillbirth. Antenatal detection is becoming more common as the result of neuroimaging, and modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging can assist in narrowing the pathologic differential diagnoses. ...
Zeidan Smart - - 2009
Background and objective: This study evaluated the accuracy of prenatal MRI and postnatal CT imaging in the identification of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and bronchopulmonary sequestration by comparison with histological analysis. Methods: Over a 3-year period, 15 patients with lung malformations diagnosed prenatally by ultrasound were referred for prenatal MRI, ...
Chen Chih-Ping - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To present the prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of concomitant craniorachischisis and omphalocele, review the literature, and discuss the pathogenesis. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old, gravida 2, para 0, woman was referred to genetic counseling at 17 weeks of gestation because of multiple congenital malformations in the fetus. Level ...
Tang Phua Hwee - - 2009
Fetal imaging has improved with the development of faster magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, obviating the requirement for sedation. It is useful in characterising abnormality of the central nervous system in fetuses with abnormal or equivocal antenatal ultrasound findings. We reviewed all cases of fetal brain and spine MRI performed ...
Camuzcuoglu Hakan - - 2010
Dicephalic parapagus is a rare anomaly of monochorionic twinning. We present prenatal diagnosis of this anomaly with ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. She was at the 19th week of gestation. Even if earlier diagnosis is possible, this was her first examination unfortunately. Baby had two head and a common trunk. ...
Gupta Prerna - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the role of fetal MRI in sonographically detected abdominal cystic masses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-six fetuses in 56 women with fetal malformation underwent sonography and MRI. Out of the 56 fetuses, 6 had intra-abdominal cystic masses and formed our study group. MRI findings were ...
Girard Nadine - - 2009
During the last decade, increasing interest in magnetic resonance imaging has emerged for the evaluation of fetal abnormalities detected on ultrasound. The advent of single-shot rapid acquisition sequences has greatly facilitated our ability to obtain detailed imaging information of the fetal brain. To date, fetal magnetic resonance imaging has shown ...
Fulford Jon - - 2009
Although functional magnetic resonance imaging is a technique that is widely used in adult populations, its use within a fetal environment has been extremely limited. Problems associated with movement and technical scanning issues have limited its effectiveness in providing reliable and spatially accurate details of fetal brain activity. However, initial ...
Leithner K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perception of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by women confronted with the necessity of a targeted prenatal examination because of suspicion of an abnormality, in order to develop a pre-scan information leaflet tailored to the information requirements of these women. METHODS: Sixty-two women were assessed by ...
Al-Mukhtar Ali - - 2009
Recent technological advances in fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and increased reliability of MRI in depicting abnormalities and lesions, especially in the central nervous system, are increasingly bringing up challenging issues with regard to accurate diagnosis. There are also pitfalls not only attributable to image acquisition but also in clinical ...
Glenn Orit A - - 2009
The fetal brain is a dynamic structure, which can now be imaged using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This article will review techniques of fetal MRI as well as several key aspects of brain development and their appearance on MRI. An understanding of normal fetal brain development is essential to correctly ...
Limperopoulos Catherine - - 2009
Fetal MRI is becoming an increasingly powerful imaging tool for studying brain development in vivo. Until recently, the application of advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques was limited by motion in the nonsedated fetus. Extensive research efforts currently underway are focusing on the development of dedicated magnetic resonance imaging sequences and ...
Alamo Leonor - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to compare the accuracy of prenatal ultrasound (US) and prenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis and characterization of congenital abnormalities of the genito-urinary tract and to determine if the additional information obtained by MRI may influence the management of the fetus. We ...
Richard C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To visualize and quantify the morphology and mineralization of the developing fetal human bony labyrinth, using 3D-microcomputed tomography (3D-microCT) imaging. METHODS: Eleven right temporal bones from late second and third trimester fetuses were used in this prospective pilot study. After fixation in 10% formalin solution, all samples underwent a ...
Nishie Akihiro - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate the validity of the fetal right lung-to-liver signal intensity ratio (LLSIR) for prediction of postnatal outcomes in left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 14 pregnant women who underwent MR exams for evaluation of fetal left-sided CDH. The fetuses were divided into two ...
Daga B V - - 2009
A fetus-in-fetu (FIF) is an uncommon developmental abnormality characterized by a reasonably well-formed but aborted fetus that is seen in the form of an encapsulated, pedunculated vertebrate tumor in the patient's abdomen. We report an interesting case of a double FIF in a 20-year-old man, who presented with acute abdominal ...
Manganaro L - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with steady-state free precession (SSFP) sequences to visualise the normal and pathological appearances of the cardiovascular system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observational study of 83 pregnant women who underwent fetal cardiac MRI: 43 ...
Saleem Sahar N - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can assess fetuses with sonographically (ultrasonography (US))-suspected neural tube defects (NTD) that might influence their diagnoses and management decision. METHODS: Institutional review board approval and informed consents were obtained to perform MRI for 19 fetuses referred with US-suspected NTD. Prenatal imaging findings ...
Paquette L B - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date, very limited attention has been given to ocular abnormalities or growth parameters detected by fetal MR imaging. Our objective was to retrospectively determine the relationship between different parameters of eye development and estimated gestational age in the human fetus by use of fetal MR imaging. ...
Glenn Orit A - - 2009
MRI is being increasingly used to assess for fetal abnormalities. Although significant progress in the field of fetal MRI has occurred during the past 20 years, continued technical advances will likely contribute to significant growth of the field. Moreover, with continued hardware and software improvements, additional MRI sequences will likely ...
Wise L David - - 2009
BACKGROUND: This laboratory has been investigating the utility of X-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) to produce high-resolution, 3D images of skeletal structures in common laboratory species. The present investigation uses micro-CT evaluation of skeletons from rabbit fetuses exposed to the known teratogen, hydroxyurea. METHODS: Groups of 4-6 mated Dutch Belted female ...
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