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Results 101 - 150 of 1002
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Lee Gilho - - 2011
A 65-year-old man who had multiple lymph nodes swelling was pathologically diagnosed with diffuse large B cell lymphoma. After initiation of induction chemotherapy, F-18 FDG PET/CT showed a significantly decreased extent of previous lymphomatous lesions except for 2 newly developed focal hypermetabolic lesions in the prostate and left epididymis. The ...
Mizuno Yoshimasa - - 2011
We report two cases of pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (PEH). Both patients presented with multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules, <10 mm diameter, on computed tomography (CT). Multiple pulmonary metastases were considered, but no primary malignant lesion was detected by other imaging modalities including (18)F-fl uorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)F-FDG-PET)/CT. Moreover, the nodules ...
Sumi Misa - - 2011
We evaluated dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the preoperative detection of extranodal spread (ENS) in metastatic nodes in the neck. The time-signal intensity curve (TIC) profiles of 54 histologically proven metastatic nodes (26 ENS-positive and 28 ENS-negative) from 43 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma ...
Shahani Sadeka - - 2011
Thyroid plasmacytoma is a rare form of extramedullary plasmacytoma. We describe an 82-year-old man with gastric large B-cell lymphoma who had complete response after receiving chemotherapy and rituximab, an anti-CD20 chimeric monoclonal antibody. Thyroid uptake was seen on follow-up F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computerized tomography scan (FDG PET/CT) imaging. The left ...
Shum Weng-Yoon - - 2011
PURPOSE: We conducted this study to investigate the value of the dual-time 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) in assessment of the primary tumor, loco-regional lymph node and distant metastasis in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with histologically proved esophageal squamous cell carcinoma underwent dual-time ...
Maurea Simone - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare norcholesterol uptake and magnetic resonance (MR) signal intensity ratios (SIRs) in characterizing adrenal adenomas to differentiate hypersecreting from nonhypersecreting lesions. METHODS: We studied 34 patients (14 males and 20 females, mean age: 47±15 years) with hypersecreting (n=19) or nonhypersecreting (n=15) adrenal adenomas; all patients underwent iodine-131 norcholesterol ...
Schreiter Nils - - 2011
Abnormal pulmonary 18F-FDG foci may occur with benign lesions like pneumonia but seldomly without any pathological CT findings. We report the case of a focal pulmonary 18F-FDG uptake without CT correlate in an initial staging examination of a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the base of the tongue. A ...
Huang Tzung-Chi - - 2011
To reduce positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) misalignments and standardized uptake value (SUV) errors, cine average CT (CACT) has been proposed to replace helical CT (HCT) for attenuation correction (AC). A new method using interpolated average CT (IACT) for AC is introduced to further reduce radiation dose ...
Bilici Ahmet - - 2011
Extra marginal-zone lymphomas of the lung is a very rare tumor and it originates from bronchial-associated lymphoid tissue. A 68-yr-old woman presented with productive cough and dyspnea. A thorax computed tomography scan showed a 9 × 10 cm in size mass in the left lung and pleural effusion in the ...
Redal Peña M C - - 2011
(18)F-FDG PET-CT has become an essential tool in oncology patient management. The normal distribution of the FDG and the possible artifacts (pitfalls), including those from CT-based attenuation correction, have already been described in several reviews. However, only a few cases of FDG focal lung uptake have been reported recently. We ...
Kara T - - 2011
Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor is a recently described, rare and distinctive type of gestational trophoblastic tumor. We report the case of a 31-year old patient who had a full-term pregnancy 18 months before presentation. She had a right axillary lymph node metastasis and was referred for FDG-PET/CT scan for evaluation of ...
Iskender Ilker - - 2011
The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) varies among positron emission tomography-integrated computed tomography (PET/CT) centers in the staging of non-small cell lung cancer. We evaluated the ratio of the optimum SUVmax cut-off for the lymph nodes to the median SUVmax of the primary tumor (ratioSUVmax) to determine SUVmaxvariations between PET/CT ...
Okada Morihito - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The detection rates of small lung cancers, especially adenocarcinoma, have recently increased. An understanding of malignant aggressiveness is critical for the selection of suitable therapeutic strategies, such as sublobar resection. The objective of this study was to examine the malignant biological behavior of clinical stage IA adenocarcinoma and to ...
Terzi Alberto - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To assess the usefulness of (18)fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) for differentiating the grade of malignancy of thymic epithelial neoplasm, and to determine whether (18)F-FDG PET/CT can have a role in pretreatment evaluation and possibly modify treatment strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 26 consecutive patients ...
Huh Jung Wook - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study prospectively assessed the value of sequential fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) scans for predicting the response of locally advanced rectal cancer to neoadjuvant chemoradiation. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with locally advanced rectal cancer were enrolled. The treatment consisted of concurrent chemoradiation, which included preoperative 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy and ...
Pryma Daniel A - - 2011
The goal of this study was to determine whether there is a potential correlation between quantification of radiolabeled macromolecular uptake in tumors determined in vivo using PET/CT and in vitro using autoradiography and γ-counting of tumor tissue. Twenty-six patients with renal masses scheduled for surgical resection received (124)I-labeled antibody cG250. ...
Hyun Seung Hyup - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and clinical significance of incidental pituitary uptake on whole-body (18)F-FDG PET/CT. METHODS: We evaluated 13,145 consecutive subjects who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT. The final diagnosis of pathologic or physiologic uptake was based on brain MRI and follow-up PET scanning. Receiver-operating-characteristic curve ...
Kao Yung Hsiang - - 2011
Background Uterine leiomyosarcomas are rare and aggressive malignancies of the uterine corpus with high recurrence rates and poor prognoses. The current recommendation for detection of recurrent uterine leiomyosarcoma involves periodic physical examination and conventional imaging such as CT or MRI. The role of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography with integrated computed ...
Stout Natasha K - - 2011
Clinical applications of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast have expanded across the breast cancer detection and control spectrum over the past decade. Use appears to be growing, although evidence for or against its use is still accumulating. Using electronic health plan and medical record data, we documented early ...
Schraml Christina - - 2011
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic value of high-resolution dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) for assessment of synovitis in erosive osteoarthritis (EOA) of the hand and compare the results with those acquired in its potential mimic, the psoriatic arthritis (PsA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients (17 PsA, 9 ...
Chen Yen-Kung YK Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET Center, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, No. 95 Wenchang Rd, Shilin District, Taipei 111, - - 2011
To compare the diagnostic accuracy of fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in the detection of colon lesions with that of delayed PET/computed tomography (CT) performed after the administration of a laxative-augmented contrast medium. All patients gave written informed consent according to the guidelines issued by the institutional ...
Liu Yiyan - - 2011
Thymic lesions may represent an unresolved diagnostic problem that often requires surgical procedure for an accurate diagnosis and staging. A noninvasive imaging study to determine the nature of thymic lesions would help to identify patients who are true candidates for surgery. Published preliminary clinical observations have suggested a role of ...
Wu Xingchen - - 2011
To determine the feasibility of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) in the evaluation of the early chemotherapeutic response in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), eight patients with histologically proven diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were imaged by MRI, including DWI, and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) before treatment (E1), and after 1 ...
Ruys Anthony T - - 2011
The diagnosis and staging of hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) remain challenging despite recent advances in imaging. Little is known about the use of positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in HCCA. This study aimed to evaluate the additional value of FDG-PET/CT and standardized uptake value (SUV) in patients with highly suspected HCCA. ...
Saydam Ozkan - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to explore the accuracy of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in the assessment of mediastinal lymph node in coal workers who had non-small cell lung cancer. We retrospectively reviewed 42 retired coal workers who had lung cancer without distant metastasis, between May 2007 ...
Cheng Mei-Fang - - 2011
An 80-year-old woman, who had suffered from end-stage renal disease under peritoneal dialysis, was presented with intermittent fever, leukocytosis, and elevated C-reactive protein for 4 months. She did not have symptom of abdominal pain. Culture of ascites showed Klebsiella pneumoniae. Abdominal utrasonography was negative. Whole-body gallium-67 imaging showed a segmental ...
Sainani Nisha I - - 2011
To determine if tumor Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) activity is dissipated by radiofrequency (RF) ablation or cryoablation during tumor ablation guided by positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). This prospective study enrolled 12 patients (9 women and 3 men, 39-65 years old), each with at least one (18)F-FDG-avid liver, perihepatic, or lung ...
Blazak John K - - 2011
A 29-year-old woman presented with a new right supraclavicular mass on a background of resection of a malignant melanoma from her right shoulder before 4 years. F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) imaging revealed uptake in a right supraclavicular node and the inferior pole of the left lobe ...
Xing Yan - - 2011
We present a 51-year-old woman with a history of colectomy for colon cancer who was referred to our department for bone assessment. Planar image revealed a focus of increased uptake of Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate in the nose root. According to the images of SPECT combined with low-dose CT, the abnormal ...
Jeong Young Jin - - 2011
A benign osteoblastoma of the nasal cavity is very rare. A 57-year-old woman, who had a radical hysterectomy for carcinoma of the uterine cervix 5 years ago, underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT. An expansile bone tumor with high glucose metabolism in the middle turbinate of the left nasal cavity was incidentally ...
Ito Kimiteru - - 2011
Myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) has a spectrum of malignant fibroblastic lesions with variably myxoid stroma and pleomorphism. A 67-year-old man with a bulky mass on his chest wall was diagnosed with MFS. He underwent F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography for detection of metastasis. FDG positron emission tomography /computed tomography showed ...
Breeze A C G - - 2011
Autopsy is an important investigation following fetal death or termination for fetal abnormality. Postmortem magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide macroscopic information of comparable quality to that of conventional autopsy in the event of perinatal death. It does not provide tissue for histological examination, which may limit the quality of ...
Tatsumi Mitsuaki - - 2011
To demonstrate that positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) fusion was feasible in characterizing pancreatic tumors (PTs), comparing MRI and computed tomography (CT) as mapping images for fusion with PET as well as fused PET/MRI and PET/CT. We retrospectively reviewed 47 sets of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F -FDG) PET/CT and MRI ...
Fifer Kenneth M - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to test the hypothesis that metabolic activity within periodontal tissue (a possible surrogate for periodontal inflammation) predicts inflammation in a remote atherosclerotic vessel, utilizing (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. BACKGROUND: Several lines of evidence establish periodontal disease as an important risk factor for atherosclerosis. ...
Schramm N - - 2011
Purpose: Advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors, which also have antiangiogenic properties. Dual-energy CT (DECT) allows to acquire semi-quantitative iodine images which might correlate with blood pool and tumor vascularity. In this feasibility-study, we correlated lesional iodine uptake estimations in correlation to tumor size changes ...
Ozcan Kara P - - 2011
A 62 year-old male with prostate cancer, recently complaining lumbar pain with elevated PSA level (6.83 ng/ml) was referred for evaluating bone metastases. Bone scintigraphy with (99m)Tc-MDP demonstrated intense uptake on third lumbar vertebra. Postoperative biopsy of the lesion on third lumbar vertebra revealed adenocarcinoma metastasis. For evaluating distant metastases and restaging, ...
Meyer Philipp T - - 2011
PET studies with biomarkers of regional neuronal activity (cerebral glucose metabolism or blood flow [CBF]) and amyloid-β (Aβ) depositions provide complementary information for the early diagnosis of dementia and follow-up of patients with dementia. We investigated the validity of relative regional CBF estimates (R(1)) gained from pharmacokinetic analyses of (11)C-labeled ...
Wu Hu-Bing - - 2011
Evaluation of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) using (18)F-FDG PET/CT is limited by the intense physiologic uptake of (18)F-FDG in the brain. We attempted to improve detection of intracranial tumor invasion (including better delineation of invasion near the skull base) in locally advanced NPC using(11)C-choline PET/CT. METHODS: Fifteen patients with newly diagnosed ...
Cistaro Angelina - - 2011
Because image fusion using (18)F-FDG PET/CT allows a better localization of the pathologic uptake, this modality has a greater sensitivity than PET alone in examining the head-neck region. However, examination of this area is particularly critical because the head and neck are close to other anatomic structures and because of ...
Liu Yi-Hwa YH Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. - - 2011
Accurate and reproducible SPECT quantification of myocardial molecular processes remains a challenge because of the complication of heterogeneous background and extracardiac activity adjacent to the heart, which causes errors in the estimation of myocardial focal tracer uptake. Our aim in this study was to introduce a heuristic method for the ...
van Loon Judith - - 2011
Molecular imaging with PET, and certainly integrated PET-CT, combining functional and anatomical imaging, has many potential advantages over anatomical imaging alone in the combined modality treatment of lung cancer. The aim of the current article is to review the available evidence regarding PET with FDG and other tracers in the ...
Boss Andreas - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this pilot study was to test and demonstrate the feasibility of simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head and upper neck area using a new hybrid PET/MRI system. METHODS: Eight patients with malignant head and neck tumours were included in ...
Kim S H - - 2012
This study evaluated the usefulness of measurements of X-ray attenuation (in Hounsfield units) obtained from unenhanced CT images for attenuation correction of the positron emission tomography (PET) data from PET/CT in the assessment of regional lymph node metastasis in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma. 17 patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma ...
Schroeder Tobias T Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, 02114, - - 2011
Dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of the lung using the radiotracer 2-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) is an emerging method to assess noninvasively the metabolic activity of pulmonary inflammatory cells. Nevertheless, because of the distinct functional and structural characteristics of inflamed lung tissue standard methods of (18)F-FDG analysis can be substantially limited ...
Haznedar Rauf - - 2011
PURPOSE: We assessed the role of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUV(max)) of bone marrow and the extramedullary lesion with the highest SUV(max) in positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients in predicting overall survival (OS). METHODS: A total of 61 newly diagnosed patients (55 ...
Gu Jing - - 2011
To assess the correlations between parameters measured on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in rectal cancer. To assess the correlations between parameters measured on dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and FDG-PET in rectal cancer. Significant correlations were only demonstrated between k(ep) and SUVmax (r = 0.587, ...
Raslan Osama A - - 2011
Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare disorder characterized histologically by lymphatic sinus dilatation due to histiocyte proliferation. Our goal was to describe the CT, MRI, and (18)F-FDG (FDG) PET findings in a series of patients with this diagnosis. We retrospectively reviewed the imaging studies of 10 patients with pathologically confirmed Rosai-Dorfman ...
Morooka Miyako - - 2011
We present the F-18 FDG and ¹¹C-choline PET/CT images obtained in 2 cases of hemangioblastoma. Hemangioblastoma is a highly vascular benign tumor that typically arises in the cerebellum or spine. The characteristic findings of a hemangioblastoma on both CT and MR include a peripherally located cerebellar lesion with a central ...
Mohnike Wolfgang - - 2011
The unfavorable prognosis of congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) can be avoided if the patients are treated with high-dose glucose infusions and timely surgical intervention. Circumscribed foci used to be identified by selective percutaneous pancreatic vein catheterization and determination of the insulin level. Fluorine-18-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine-positron emission tomography (PET) was developed as a milder ...
Liu Yiyan - - 2011
Both female adnexal tumor of possible wolffian origin (FATWO) and metastasis to the appendix from any primary tumor are extremely rare entities. The appendiceal metastasis from FATWO has not been reported, and there is a lack of the literature regarding FDG PET/CT study in both. We reported the case of ...
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